pożyczki chwilówki do ręki kredyt bank kolegialna pożyczki na firmę bez bik kredyty chwilówki logowanie system partner umowa pożyczki faktura bocian pożyczki piotrków trybunalski pożyczki od ręki łódź pożyczki wojenne bankowy kredyt gotówkowy szybkie pożyczki warszawa pożyczki na dowód eurobank pożyczki brzesko pożyczki pozabankowe myszków kredyt bank grybów kredyty bankowe gdzie w bilansie pcc pożyczki od udziałowca kronos pożyczki tychy kredyt bank lublin głęboka godziny otwarcia pożyczki dla pracowników pożyczki konsumpcyjne kredyt studencki pko sa dokumenty pożyczki mieszkaniowe dla sędziów kredyt studencki pko bp wcześniejsza spłata pożyczki prywatne podkarpacie pożyczki dla inwalidów kredyt bank bogatynia telefon pozyczki posrednictwo warszawa bez dochodu kredyt bank płock kolegialna pożyczki provident kraków kredyt bankowy dla przedsiębiorców karencja w spłacie pożyczki co to jest kredyt poza bankowy bez biku kredyt bank fundusz jumper wzór umowy pożyczki nieoprocentowanej pożyczki prywatne dla osób z komornikiem kredyt bez bik do domu jaki jest kod na kredyt z orange kredyt bank bankomaty wbk oświadczenie o wypowiedzeniu umowy pożyczki torun pozyczki na procent poszukuję pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości umowa pożyczki charakter kredyt w banku komercyjnym pożyczki typu provident warszawa podatek od pożyczki od osób fizycznych kredyty bez bik konstantynów kredyt bank drezdenko pro domo pożyczki opinie kredyt studencki pko bp do kiedy legitymacja pozyczka na umowe 24 h kielce kredyt bank czynny warszawa kredyt bank mobilny kredyt bank mmz szybkie pożyczki katowice kredyty bez biku ikrd darmowe pożyczki przez internet kredyt konsolidacyjny 2014 ranking pożyczki bez sprawdzania zadłużenia kredyty bez bik zagraniczne umowa pożyczki art kredyty chwilówki tczew pozyczki bez big i bik dla zadluzonych mikropożyczki starachowice kredyt bank sieradz godz otwarcia optima pożyczki tczew pożyczki dla emeryta kredyt w eurobanku opinie 2013 pożyczki do domu kredyty chwilówki bez prowizji kredyt bank wrocław strzegomska pilne pożyczki bez bik kredyt bez bik zus us hesta pożyczki pewny kredyt online niskoprocentowe pozyczki uk kredyt mieszkaniowy w pko bp opinie pożyczki chwilówki bez bik i krd online kredyty bez baz kredyt konsolidacyjny wielka brytania pożyczki papierów wartościowych kredyt bank niedurnego pożyczki pozabankowe stalowa wola kredyt studencki w banku bgż promotor pożyczki definicja pożyczki podporządkowanej kredyt gotówkowy bez biku i zaświadczeń kredyt bank aktualności wzór umowy pożyczki ratalnej pożyczki inwestorskie pod zastaw andrzej śmiały pożyczki pożyczki dla emeryta definicja pożyczki pieniężnej kredyt bank w borku wlkp kredyt pozabankowy na mieszkanie pożyczki pozabankowe 6000 pożyczki od osób prywatnych tarnów pożyczki online bez bik od 18 lat godziny księgowania przelewów w kredyt banku kredyt bank tomaszów lubelski kontakt kredyt bank kasprzaka 22 godziny otwarcia pożyczki dla odrzuconych przez bank pożyczki chwilówki biznes kredyt bez bik mława umowa pożyczki środków pieniężnych pożyczki bankowe włocławek ubezpieczenie pożyczki po co parabanki udzielające pozyczek bez sprawdzania biku alior bank kredyt online kredyt bank nowy sącz aleje kredyty chwilówki jaki procent kredyt dla nowej firmy bez bik kredyt bank logowanie do konta kalkulator pożyczki gotówkowej bzwbk pozyczki bez konta w banku pożyczki ltro sennik kredyt bankowy kredyt bank poraj kredyt bank opłaty kredyt konsolidacyjny w boś banku pod jaki numer jest kredyt do orange kredyt bank dąbrowa górnicza kontakt umorzenie pożyczki byłemu pracownikowi kredyty bez biku wałbrzych kredyt bank w markach kredyt bank kradzież karty kredyt bank polna kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zabezpieczeń kalkulator kredyt studencki pko druki kredyt bez bik big krd kredyt bez biku kontakt czy kredyt bank jest czynny w soboty udzielenie pożyczki członkowi zarządu kredyty konsolidacyjny w2014 r szybkie pożyczki chwilówki online pożyczki od zagranicznych inwestorów kredyt bank włochy skok kujawiak pożyczki kredyty bez bik kraków pożyczki bez bik nysa pożyczki na dowód głogów kody do orange na kredyt umowa pożyczki z udziałowcem wzór kredyt bank w gdańsku tani kredyt samochodowy dla firm druk pożyczki pod zastaw kredyt konsolidacyjny poczta polska pozyczki raz dwa trzy bez bik i krd kredyt gotówkowy bez bik wałbrzych pożyczki chwilówki skok wzór umowy pożyczki pomiędzy spółkami skarabeusz pożyczki czestochowa pożyczki przez internet na dowód bez bik kredyt hipoteczny dla rolników bez zaświadczeń kredyt w koncie w banku pocztowym pożyczki 50000 kredyt m1 szybkie pożyczki bez bik rzeszów kredyty chwilówki na czym polegają kredyt bank białystok mickiewicza kontakt pożyczki kredyty w domu klienta kredyty internetowe bez bik kredyt gotówkowy w credit agricole forum pozyczka pod zastaw samochodu bez wyciągu szybkie pożyczki bez bik i krd przez internet kredyty dla małych firm bez biku ustna umowa pożyczki w rodzinie umowa pożyczki pieniędzy dla firmy nowak pożyczki głogówek kredyt mieszkaniowy na firmę kredyt bank tychy kontakt kredyt pozabankowy wrocław pożyczki pod zastaw kielce wizja lokalna w kredyt banku rola kredytu w działalności banku pożyczki pozabankowe od 19 lat kiedy przedawnia się niespłacony kredyt bankowy kredyt bank gdańśk kredyt bank lublin narutowicza kredyty mieszkaniowe w banku bgż umowa pożyczki pieniędzy doc skarbiec pożyczki infolinia finan pożyczki kwidzyn umowa pożyczki zfśs co potrzeba zeby wziasc pozyczke z oakam pożyczki pozabankowe żagań pozyczki oddłużeniowe bez bik online gdzie otrzymać kredyt bez bik szybkie pożyczki piaseczno te pożyczki opinie kredyty chwilówki puławska pozyczki na dowod bez zaswiadzczen i limitów wiekowych pożyczki społecznościowe podatki pozyczki ratalne online pozabankowe jaki kod na kredyt w orange kredyty chwilówki gorzów wlkp pożyczki prywatne kraków kredyty bez bik w plocku pożyczki chwilówki via pożyczki chwilówki rawicz kredyt mieszkaniowy pozabankowy pożyczki dla firm porównanie ewidencja umowy pożyczki umowa pożyczki nie spłaca kredyt konsolidacyjny db kredyt opinie umowa pożyczki cywilnej umowa pożyczki w formie aktu notarialnego kredyt bank zielona góra wojska polskiego umowa pożyczki orzecznictwo kredyty gotówkowe bez bik piła kalkulator raty pożyczki pozyczki na oswiadczenie ichwilowki amber kredyt kredyt bank kb24 euro providus pożyczki kredyt bank chełm kontakt kredyt bank gdynia skwer godziny otwarcia kredyt bank zastrzeganie kart rejestracja umowy pożyczki w urzędzie skarbowym kredyt konsolidacyjny plus dodatkowa gotówka kredyt bank kutno pożyczki co to jest pożyczki bez bik dla zadłużonych kredyt mieszkaniowy a praca za granicą kredyt w raiffeisen bank opinie gdzie kredyt bez bik umowa pożyczki kodeks pożyczki przez internet bez weryfikacji kredyt konsolidacyjny na wyciąg kredyt mieszkaniowy samotna matka pożyczki chwilówki online nowe iban w kredyt banku pożyczki prywatne dolnośląskie kredyt bank sa adres skok pożyczki dla lekarzy kredyt bank rachunki szybkie pożyczki w 15 minut nominalne oprocentowanie pożyczki w skali roku pożyczka do domu podkarpacie kredyt bank lokata 6 miesięcy darowizna pożyczki kredyt bank chojnice pożyczki bez biku online pożyczki bez bik piaseczno credit agricole pożyczki kalkulator kredyt na mieszkanie w jakim banku forum kredyt na mieszkanie bank pko sa pozyczki bocian dla zadluzonych i w bik pożyczki ze złą historią kredyty bez bik i komornika kredyt bank sa białystok ul warszawska pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu lublin pożyczki w ratach tygodniowych optima pożyczki częstochowa kredyt na mieszkanie ranking banków pozyczki prywatne premium i podobne wronki pożyczki bez bik zgorzelec kredyt bank wymiana kart pożyczki ze złą historią pozyczki pozabankowe katowice bez meldunku kredyt konsolidacyjny z niskim oprocentowaniem fast pożyczki opinie pozyczki inowroclaw szybkie pożyczki bez bik płock kredyty chwilówki praca kierowca opinie podatek od umowy pożyczki 2012 kredyt bank w gizycku kompensata pożyczki kredyt samochodowy w vw bank opinie kredyt chwilowka pożyczki społecznościowe inwestowanie getin bank pożyczki gotówkowe pro collect pożyczki kredyty konsolidacyjne artykuł getin bank kredyt na mieszkanie pożyczki bez bik i krd opole kredyt bez biku do 50000 kredyt konsolidacyjny rodzina na swoim kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator zdolności kredytowej gwarant pożyczki bochnia kredyt bank raszyn poniatowskiego kredyt bez biku zgierz kredyt studencki pko termin składania wniosków 2012 umowa pożyczki paliwa kredyt chwilówka poznań praca kredyty w banku millennium kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator eurobank odsetki od pożyczki koszty podatkowe kredyt bank białystok radzymińska telefon pomoc w uzyskaniu pożyczki bez bik bocian pożyczki poznań skarabeusz pożyczki gliwice kredyt bez biku na oświadczenie tragedia w kredyt banku pożyczki od zaraz ubezpieczenie pożyczki prywatnej oprocentowanie pożyczki z zfśs pożyczki na dowód kontakt kredyt mieszkaniowy marzec 2012 pożyczki pod zastaw katowice kredyt konsolidacyjny niezabezpieczony kredyt bez bik na mieszkanie kredyt bank wbk szczecin wzór umowy pożyczki finansowej bezzwrotne pożyczki dla małych firm 2014 umorzenie pożyczki w walucie obcej czy skarabeusz pożyczki obsługuje kielce lukas bank kredyt bez biku pożyczki bez bik wrocław forum kredyty chwilowki walbrzych kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator getin bank ubezpieczenie pożyczki po co dotacje unijne pożyczki w jakim banku pozyczka bik kredyty chwilówki w krakowie odsetki od pożyczki mieszkaniowej z zfśs wzór profit pożyczki łódź opodatkowanie pożyczki od osoby prywatnej umorzenie pożyczki dla pracownika kredyt bank lista bezpłatnych bankomatów pilny kredyt nowy targ wzór umowy pożyczki z pracownikiem kredyt bank bankomaty euronet umowa pożyczki pieniędzy w rodzinie wzór kredyt bank koscian godziny otwarcia kredyt w banku bez bik tarchomin pożyczki piotrków trybunalski kredyty chwilówki płock pożyczki bez bik i krd szczecin umowa ustna pożyczki pieniędzy umowa pożyczki dla osób fizycznych kredyt bez bik santander odsetki od pożyczki płatnik pożyczki bez bik wielkopolska bocian pozyczki goleniow kredyt bank ciechanów telefon calkowita splata pozyczki wzor pożyczki bez bik pod zastaw samochodu pożyczki unijne mikropożyczki przez internet kredyt konsolidacyjny oblicz raty kredyty pożyczki dla zadłużonych pożyczka w domu klijęta elbląg kredyt bank skoczów kontakt kredyt bank częstochowa oddziały pożyczki bez bik na konto kredyt bez biku rzeszow pozyczki bez bik i zaswiadczen kredyty bez bik dla zadluzonych kredyt bank godziny otwarcia słupsk kredyty mieszkaniowe marże kredyt bank bankomaty inowrocław optima pożyczki do domu łódź pożyczka chorzów kredyt bank dąbrowskiego 129 umowa pożyczki pomiędzy osobami prywatnymi druk umowy pożyczki od udziałowca kredyt bez bik rzeszów szybkie pożyczki bez bik opole pożyczki pozabankowe dla rolników pożyczki drawsko pomorskie kredyt bez bik ruda slaska pożyczki 24 pro kredyt ratalny pozabankowy pożyczki pod zastaw telefonów wrocław pożyczki online nowe kredyt na mieszkanie jaki bank warunki pożyczki chwilówki wzór druku pożyczki kredyt bank prowizja od wpłaty kredyt bank warszawa jana pawła ii pożyczki bez bik gdzie pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości małopolska kredyt w polskim banku dla obcokrajowca kredyt bank lokaty dla firm bank pekao sa kredyt na samochód pożyczki chwilówki białystok bez bik kredyt bank raport roczny 2010 najtańsze kredyty mieszkaniowe forum pan kowalski otrzymał kredyt w banku pożyczki w kredyt banku getin noble bank kredyt inwestycyjny żyrafa pożyczki krs umowa pozyczki pomiedzy matka a corka fundacja warty i kredyt banku razem możemy więcej krs szybkie pożyczki mińsk mazowiecki kredyt bank chałubińskiego gdańsk godziny otwarcia przelew w kredyt banku kredyt bank oliwa kredyt bank w rawie mazowieckiej pożyczki na dowód szczecinek poszukuję pożyczki kredyty mieszkaniowe na umowe zlecenie pożyczki dla zadłużonych z komornikiem warszawa kredyt bank ożarów kredyt bank csv kredyty chwilówki tychy tel kredyty bez bik trójmiasto dobry bank belgia kredyt forum umowa pożyczki spółce z o o wzór kredyt inwestycyjny eurobank do ilu kredyt santander kredyt bez bik dla zadłuzonych kredyt w banku pocztowym forum kredyt w alior bank forum kredyty prywatne zielona gora kredyty pozabankowe zawiercie kredyt santander bank 3x33 kredyty mieszkaniowe plock pożyczki chwilówki wąbrzeźno pożyczki bez bik 2000 kredyt bankowy to restrukturyzacja kredytu w kredyt banku alior bank kredyt konsumpcyjny kredyt bank kraków nowa huta kredyt bank białołęka bez bik kredyty bez biku i zaświadczeń kredyt bez sprawdzania bik pożyczki na dowód od zaraz kredyt bank jelcz laskowice kredyt w banku spółdzielczym w łańcucie pożyczki dla zadłużonych wrocław kredyt bank olkusz godziny otwarcia kody orange na kredyt kredyt samochodowy deutsche bank pożyczki na oświadczenie warszawa wola umowa pożyczki okres przedawnienia kokos pożyczki gotówkowe bank pko kredyt umowa pożyczki ważność pożyczki pozabankowe chełm kredyt bank w wieliczce kredyt 3 tysiące bez biku promocyjne pożyczki gotówkowe w którym banku kredyt rodzina na swoim kredyt w banku a komornik umowa pożyczki charakter potrzebuje kredyt konsolidacyjny pożyczki kalkulator pożyczki na 60 dni kredyt u pośrednika czy w banku kredyt gotówkowy w banku millenium opinie ubezpieczenie pożyczki od śmierci pożyczki dla obcokrajowców wzór umowy dobrej pożyczki umowa pożyczki podstawa prawna look pozyczki i podobne pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości poznań pozyczki bez zdolnosc bydgoszcz oprocentowanie kredytu gotowkowego w santander bank kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zabezpieczeń 2013 pozyczki na dzialalnosc bez bik pożyczki tylko na dowód mikropożyczki z ue umowa pożyczki opracowanie pożyczki 24h na dobę mikropożyczki dla firm 2012 ubezpieczenie pożyczki w provident pożyczki udzielone przez wspólnika kredyty konsolidacyjne porownanie ofert pożyczki zaciągane przez państwo pożyczki gotówkowe porównanie banków pożyczki rodzaje kredyt bank ubezpieczenie mieszkania bank pko sa kredyty kalkulator kredyt 15tys bph pożyczki bez bik nowy tomyśl pożyczki chwilówki online forum ppozyczka na sam dowod osobisty zabrze pożyczki prywatne mińsk mazowiecki kredyt bank skierniewice kontakt w jakim banku brac kredyt kredyty mieszkaniowe obliczenie rat kredyt banku pocztowego kredyt bankowy jako forma finansowania kredyt konsolidacyjny opinie kredyt bank sosnowiec kontakt pcc od pożyczki od rodziny kredyty santander termin przedawnienia umowy pożyczki bezzwrotne pożyczki dla rolników kody na kredyt orange kredyt bank sa katowice pożyczki prywatne małopolska kredyt bank sa warszawa kontakt kredyty pozabankowe pod weksel kredyty chwilówki turek umowa pożyczki z ustanowieniem zastawu czy warto wziąć kredyt w getin banku bocian pozyczka w jeden dzien adres pozyczki bocian w chelmie czy umowa pożyczki musi być na piśmie pozyczki prywatne premium i podobne wronki kredyt bank poleasingowe pożyczki pracownicze oprocentowanie pożyczki gotówkowe bez pracy kredyt bez bik szybko pożyczki do domu białystok kredyt bank pelplin godziny otwarcia bocian pożyczki oprocentowanie kredyt konsolidacyjny zestawienie banków

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad