kredyt bank warszawa żoliborz czy udzielenie pożyczki podlega vat kredyt studencki 2012 opinie dpg pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki wrocław przelew zagraniczny kredyt bank koszt konsolidacja kredytów jak to działa pożyczki w domu klieta kołobrzeg szukam pożyczki prywatnej pod zastaw nieruchomości umowa spłaty pożyczki umowa pożyczki dla spólki pożyczki warszawa kredyt mieszkaniowy jaki bank forum pilnie szukam pożyczki pożyczki chwilówka od ręki kredyt gotówkowy na oświadczenie bez bik umowa pożyczki z zastawem rejestrowym pożyczki pozabankowe warszawa gumtree wzór umowy pożyczki koleżeńskiej pożyczki do domu grudziądz kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator zdolności kredytowej najtańsze pożyczki gotówkowe 2012 kredyty bez bik i krd wrocław kredyt samochodowy online do kwoty 20000 pln mbank pożyczki ing kredyt bank sopot godziny otwarcia kredyty bez big do 30000 szczecin pożyczki bez bik w radomiu umowa cywilna pożyczki pieniędzy kredyt bank sulechów kontakt pozyczk tygodniowki elbląg kredyt bankowy a konsumencki kredyty pod zastaw nieruchomości bez bik kredyt bank lokata ubezpieczeniowa warta gwarancja kredyt bank multima kredyt bank namysłów kredyt na start w lukas bank kredyt mieszkaniowy eurobank opinie konsolidacja kredytu bz wbk kredyt mieszkaniowy dla osób w biku kredyt studencki pko bp potrzebne dokumenty pożyczki inwestycyjne finan pożyczki opinie pożyczki społecznościowe jak pożyczki w pracy kredyt na start idea bank opinie pozyczki dla kazdego 48 oblicz kredyt w alior banku kredyt bez bik i krs pożyczki dla osób zadłużonych z komornikiem getin bank kredyty gotówkowe forum pożyczki na rok pożyczki chwilowki grojecka godziny otwarcia pożyczki arka kredyty chwilówki zasady pożyczki 100 zł kredyt bank gliniana gross pożyczki opinie optima pożyczki włocławek pożyczki bez bik słubice lubuskie pożyczki społecznościowe ranking pożyczki dla studentów rzeszów pozyczki pozabankowe przez internet legnica kredyt bank kolo pożyczki pod zastaw lubuskie kredyt bank w zambrowie umowa pożyczki podatek kredyty chwilowki gdansk oprocentowanie pożyczki na cele mieszkaniowe z zfśs pożyczki prow ubezpieczenie pożyczki ing bank pekao sa kredyt opinie eden pożyczki warszawa kredyt mieszkaniowy dla młodych małżeństw pko bp kredyt bank nowy swiat warszawa pożyczki ostrów wielkopolski prywatne pożyczki gotówkowe gdańsk kredyt banku sa kredyt w lukas banku activa 500 pożyczki od ręki pożyczki bez bik opolskie kwota pożyczki wolna od podatku 2006 kredyt bank sa iii oddział w warszawie pożyczki pod zastaw chorzów kredyt bank wrocław gliniana godziny otwarcia kredyt w skok stefczyka bez bik kredyt konsolidacyjny co to znaczy getin bank kredyt gotówkowy opinie forum eurocash pożyczki lublin kredyt bez sprawdzania w bik umowa pożyczki pieniędzy po angielsku cz bank pocztowy daje kredyty mdm umowa pożyczki kto płaci pcc kredyt mieszkaniowy pozabankowy kredyty bez bik gorzów kredyt bank rembertów kredyt chwilówka jaworzno kredyt w banku czy raty w sklepie kredyty chwilowki wodzislaw sl pożyczki chwilówki nowogard kredyt bank gdynia godziny otwarcia kredyt bank oddział w toruniu kredyt bank białystok dubois godziny otwarcia czy kredyt konsolidacyjny jest kredytem konsumenckim kredyt w orange 5 zl najnowsze kredyty chwilówki pożyczki profit pożyczki pomiędzy spółkami powiązanymi pożyczki chwilówki łódź prywatne pozyczki na zaswiadczenie o dochodach kredyt bez biku online kredyt gotówkowy bez bik dla zadłużonych kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator pko sa kredyt bank ekstrakonto plus kredyt bez bik wroclaw pozycki bez zaswiadczeń bez bik 50000 optima pożyczki kutno pożyczki pozabankowe kluczbork pożyczki kokos pożyczki bez zaświadczeń opinie pożyczki bez zaświadczeń jelenia góra profil aktywny 50 kredyt bank kredyt na mieszkanie bank zachodni pożyczki na dowód kłodzko kredyty pozabankowe na zakup domu kredyt bank lokaty maj 2012 kredyt konsolidacyjny zdolność kredytowa szybkie pożyczki bankowe bocian pożyczki bik kredyt konsolidacyjny pekao bp ekstra kasa pożyczki jak obliczyć nominalne oprocentowanie pożyczki pożyczki 10000 alior bank kredyt samochodowy forum pożyczki chwilówki bez zdolności kredytowej kredyt bank nip regon bocian pożyczki olsztyn telefon dobra umowa pożyczki pożyczki bez bik lębork niskoprocentowe pożyczki dla firm pożyczki za 1 grosz pozyczka od zaraz warszawa najszybsze pożyczki gotówkowe tanie kredyty mieszkaniowe kalkulator sprzedaż kredyt banku forum pozyczki z komornikiem miedzyrzec podlaski kredyty bez biku w poznaniu abis pożyczki opinie pożyczki w domu klienta w warszawie ranking banków udzielających kredyt rodzina na swoim pożyczka w uk dla każdego pożyczki gotówkowe dublin szybkie pożyczki opinie pożyczki pod zastaw mieszkania pożyczki za gierka kredyt bank grodzisk mazowiecki pomoc w uzyskaniu kredytu warszawa pożyczki online bez przelewu nowe pozyczki udzielane w domu lublin bocian pożyczki mława kredyty chwilówki lokaty kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator ing kredyt bank łuków kontakt pożyczki abis forum kredyt bank nr rozliczeniowy w jakim banku opłaca się wziąć kredyt kredyt bankowy jako źródło finansowania inwestycji eurocent pożyczki praca długoterminowe kredyty pozabankowe pod jaki numer jest kredyt do orange pożyczki radom kredyty getin bank kredyt online pożyczki bez bik przez internet pozyczka typu provident euro cen bocian credit agricole kredyt konsolidacyjny z druga osoba pożyczki chwilówki łódź narutowicza kody na kredyt w orange pożyczki na święta bez bik kredyt bank wrocław siedziba alior bank kredyt samochodowy kalkulator kredyt bank olsztyn piłsudskiego godziny otwarcia obligacja 6 pożyczki narodowej pożyczki pozabankowe na telefon pożyczki gotówkowe bez big porównanie pożyczki i kredytu udzielenie pożyczki kredyt bank sa oddział w sieradzu umowa pożyczki wezwanie do zapłaty pożyczki bez bik i krd opinie kredyt dla firm bez bik big pożyczki chwilówki lubuskie kredyt bank hajnówka kredyty chwilówki żyrardów kredyt bank krakowskie przedmieście pozyczki krosos windykacja pożyczki z funduszu pracy pożyczki bez bik szybko i prosto kredyt na dowód bez zaświadczeń bez bik pożyczki dla emeryta pożyczka bez biku kielce pożyczki krd kredyt mieszkaniowy mieszkanie na swoim pożyczki dla rolników szybkie pożyczki na dowód od 18 lat kredyt bank warszawa kasprzaka 22 kredyt mieszkaniowy oprocentowanie kalkulator oprocentowanie kredytu gotowkowego w santander bank kredyty chwilowki strzegomska kredyty pozabankowe na oświadczenie udzielę pożyczki prywatnej szybko i bez sprawdzania kredyt bank sa poznań umowa pożyczki bez weksla pożyczki pod zastaw szczecin 24h pośrednictwo finansowe kredyty chwilówki opinie umowa pożyczki od wspólnika pcc kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator lukas bank pożyczki gotówkowe przez sms pożyczki dla dla każdego w uk kredyty chwilówki windykator optima s a kredyty pożyczki pożyczki pożyczka na już pożyczka bez bik i krd abis pozyczki dla rencistow bez bik torun pożyczki prywatne suwałki biz pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator open finance umowa pożyczki oprocentowanie kredyt bez bik skierniewice pożyczki na dowód gniezno pożyczki przez internet dla firmy dobry kredyt bez bik kredyt bank lokata terminowa econstans kredyty bez bik decyzja online kredyt w orange jaki kod pożyczki chwilówki rawicz pożyczki prywatne mława fikcyjna umowa pożyczki pożyczki na telefon opinie kredyt bank mińsk mazowiecki godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki pomiędzy rodzeństwem numer telefonu kredyty chwiluwki grodzisk wlkp umowa pożyczki pieniędzy urząd skarbowy pożyczki w domu klienta kraków kredyt bankowy wady i zalety kapitalizacja odsetek pożyczki kredyt dla studenta mbank pożyczki online bez wpłaty pożyczki hajnówka patrycja nowak pożyczki kredyt bank nisko kredyt bank w ostrowie wlkp opodatkowanie pożyczki od rodziców umowa pożyczki spłata w ratach kredyt konsolidacyjny gmina pożyczki gotówkowe dla rolników pożyczki ostrów wlkp kredyt bank zmiany niespłacane kredyty mieszkaniowe kredyt bez bik online 10 lat kredyt bank pelplin tel kredyt dziesiatka kredyt bank rzecznik prasowy pożyczki chwilówki jasło kredyty na sam dowód pozabankowe racibórz pożyczki do domu bocian bank credit agricole kredyt gotówkowy kredyty chwilówki umowa pożyczki akcji adres kredyt bank warszawa kredyt bank ciechocinek telefon kwota pożyczki bez zgody małżonka pożyczki bez bik kłobuck kredyt bez bik firma potrzebuję pożyczki prywatnej pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości lodz prometeusz pozyczka gotówkowa na dowód kredyt konsolidacyjny przez internet czy vivus udziela pożyczek zadluzonym kredyt bank warszawa mapa kredyt mieszkaniowy dla samotnych rodziców kredyt bank międzyrzecz kredyt bank w stargardzie szczecińskim pożyczki chwilówki zestawienie umowa pożyczki dla osób fizycznych pożyczki chwilówki umowa pożyczki gumtree bocian pożyczki tczew ranking kredytów mieszkaniowych grudzień 2012 bocian pożyczki puławy kredyt bank zniwna kredyt mieszkaniowy najkorzystniejszy pożyczki z ue eurobank kredyt w 15 minut kredyt bank oplata za przelew kredyt bank sa lokaty kredyt studencki spłata forum dyskusyjne getin noble bank kredyt mieszkaniowy kredyt bank w świebodzicach wzór poręczenia pożyczki z zfśs activa 500 pożyczki od ręki pożyczki mieszkaniowe dla nauczycieli pożyczki pozabankowe pod zastaw nieruchomości pożyczki od osób prywatnych poznań pożyczki pod zastaw ruchomości kredyt konsolidacyjny w banku wbk kredyt bank placowki w gdansku kredyt bank w siedlcach umowa ramowa pożyczki kredyt bank warszawa plac zbawiciela kredyt bank kontakt warszawa kredyt do reki warszawa pożyczki bezzwrotne kalkulator pożyczki lukas bank bankomaty kredyt banku w koszalinie pożyczki prywatne na terenie gostynia kredyt bank krosno bankomaty getin noble bank kredyt gotówkowy max pożyczki pod zastaw forum pożyczki bez bik świnoujście kredyt studencki bzwbk 2014 pożyczki chwilówki via kredyt bank rzeszów godz otwarcia umowa pożyczki bez formy pisemnej kredyt bank numer swift alior bank kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator kredyt bank warszawa ursynów godziny otwarcia kredyt gotówkowy bez sprawdzania w bik spłata kredytu studenckiego pko kredyty pozyczki bez biku kredyt bank mieszkaniowy umowa zawarcia pożyczki kredyt bank mobile pożyczki pod weksel rzeszów kredyt bankowy bez bik pozyczki prywatne jele gora kredyt bank rejtana rzeszów pożyczki prywatne gumtree pożyczki dla zadłużonych w bik i krd pożyczki legionowo kredyt konsolidacyjny gliwice ranking banków pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt konsolidacyjny plusy pożyczki z ubezpieczeniem kredyt samochodowy santander warunki kredytu samochodowego getin bank umowa pożyczki taksa notarialna niespłacone pożyczki w uk pożyczki gotówkowe bez bik warszawa pożyczka pod hipoteke w białogardzie w banku firmy oferujące pożyczki pozabankowe pożyczki gotówkowe legnica pożyczki preferencyjne śląsk pożyczki pod zastaw ziemi rolnej kredyty bez bik bydgoszcz adam lorek pożyczki pożyczki prywatne sanok kredyt bank w sulechowie kredyt na orange jaki numer koszty pożyczki pożyczki przez internet bez zaświadczeń i bik pożyczka z komornikiem w mysłowicach kredyt bank radość kredyty chwilówki gorlice cashflow pożyczki magdalena boczarska pożyczki bocian pożyczki świnoujście kredyt bank piła sikorskiego godziny otwarcia kredyt bank łódź zgierska godziny otwarcia wypowiedzenie umowy pożyczki przed terminem szybki kredyt bez bik warszawa kredyty konsolidacyjne expander kredyt bank sa kontakt kredyt bank praktyki szybkie pożyczki gotówkowe przez internet kredyty pozabankowe dla zadluzonych umowa pożyczki z jedynym wspólnikiem pożyczki bez bik big i krd online czy bocian pożyczki sprawdza bik pożyczki pod weksel bez przedpłat poznań kredyt studencki bz wbk 2013 pożyczki pozabankowe dobre miasto kredyty bez biku gliwice kredyt mieszkaniowy własny kąt opinie kredyty bez bik głogów kredyt bank wychodzące bz wbk bankomaty kredyt bank kredyt konsolidacyjny dla firm 2013 kredyty bez bik dla bezrobotnych kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator rat pko kredyt chwilowka bydgoszcz ul gdanska nowe pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik i krd kredyt samochodowy ranking listopad 2013 bankomaty kredyt bank łeba szybkie pożyczki bez bik kalisz pożyczki pozabankowe na 15lat kredyt bank chałubińskiego warszawa godziny otwarcia pożyczki jednostek samorządu terytorialnego kredyt samochodowy paribas bank pożyczki chwiłowki naliczanie odsetek od pożyczki z zfśs kredyt bank tabela opłat i prowizji kredyt bez bik bank warszawa pożyczki pod zastaw biała podlaska pożyczki bez bik na raty najtańszy kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim pozyczki chwilowki szczecin bocian pożyczki zielona góra rachunek oszczędnościowy w kredyt bank kredyt bank bankomaty bez prowizji 2012 kredyt odnawialny w ing bank śląski kredyt bank 25 kredyty chwilowki zory powiekszenie pozyczki pekao sa kredyt bank kraków kalwaryjska wzór umowy pożyczki od udziałowca kredyt bank bielsko godziny otwarcia kredyty w banku millennium kredyt bank biznes kredyt gotówkowy bez bik wrocław pożyczki 5000zl bez zaswiadczen o zarobkach mlawa kredyty chwilówki w olsztynie obliczenie spłaty pożyczki natychmiastowe pożyczki przez internet pożyczki lubsko abis pozyczka głogów pożyczki bez bik amber gold pożyczki dla firm pozabankowe kredyt bank w mrągowie pozyczki milenium szamotuly kredyt bank legnica godziny otwarcia kredyt bank warszawa franciszkańska marek woch pożyczki kredyty pozabankowe trojmiasto ing bank kredyt na mieszkanie kredyt bez bik dla zadłużonych 25000zl kronos pożyczki warszawa kredyty od reki od 18lat ostrowiec sw udziele pożyczki prywatnie 2012 kredyt bank ekstrapremia pożyczki prywatne bochnia pożyczki pozabankowe cała polska oświadczenie o przyjęciu pożyczki kredyt bank grodzisk mazowiecki kontakt pożyczki pozabankowe 2012 kasiora pożyczki forum pożyczki pod zastaw sprzętu rtv łódź pożyczki między firmami pcc pożyczki bez bik sieradz szybkie pożyczki do 2000 pożyczki prywatne cała polska pozyczki krotkotermnowe jaworzno pożyczki jeremie koszalin kredyty bez bik bolesławiec kredyt chwilówki bez bik kredyt samochodowy bez bik wrocław pozyczki dla rencistow bez bik torun kredyty i gwarancje bankowe dobosiewicz pdf santander kupił kredyt bank 2012 getin noble bank kredyty ratalne w jakim banku najłatwiej wziasc kredyt kredyt bank tczew ul gdańska definicja pożyczki gotówkowej tani kredyt samochodowy forum pożyczki prywatne aktualne oferty mcredit oferuje pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik pożyczki dla firm bez zus i us szybki kredyt bez biku i zaswiadczen pożyczki podobne do vivusa getin bank kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator kredyt bank warszawa kasprzaka godziny otwarcia getin bank kredyt na mieszkanie opinie pko bp kredyt mieszkaniowy opinie skarabeusz pożyczki tarnów kredyty w idea bank opinie kredyt bank mickiewicza 50 szybkie pozyczki dla zadluzonych w uk bydgoszcz pozyczki do domu na alimenty kredyt samochodowy mbank symulacja kredyt ratalny santander consumer banku kredyt chwilówki płock getin noble bank kredyt konsolidacyjny pożyczki na oświadczenie warszawa wola gdzie szybki kredyt bez bik kredyt bank sa infolinia kredyt konsolidacyjny bez sprawdzania w bik pożyczki pozabankowe bezrobotnych kredyt bez bik dla bezrobotnych w jakim banku brac kredyt rodzina na swoim pożyczki chwilówki przez internet opinie pożyczki bez dochodów od 18 lat kredyty pożyczki bez bik i krd fgp pożyczki kredyty pozabankowe z dojazdem do domu w krosnie kredyt bank wydruk potwierdzenia kredyt bank sa tarnów pożyczki ostrów wielkopolski prodomo pożyczki gdańsk kredyt bank lokaty terminowe oprocentowanie jakie zarobki w kredyt banku preferencyjny kredyt studencki forum

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

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funny sayings

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad