kredyt bank w jakich bankomatach bez prowizji pożyczka w raciborzu kredyt bez bik chorzów kalkulator kredytu gotówkowego bank pocztowy ing bank kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator kredyt bank radomsko telefon szybkie pożyczki do domu pozyczka na dzialalnosc bez zaswiadczen kredyt bank iii oddział warszawa kredyt bez zaświadczenia o zarobkach forum kredyt bez bik do 50 000 kredyt online idea bank kredyt pod samochód bez bik kredyt bank infolinia z komórki kredyt bank godzina otwarcia kredyt bank koszalin zwycięstwa godziny otwarcia konwersja pożyczki na kapitał 2012 pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu bez bik kredyty chwilówki ruda śląska nowy bytom przelew zagraniczny kredyt bank druk pożyczki prywatne pomorskie kredyt gotówkowy bankier kredyt studencki pko do kiedy legitymacja pożyczka dla zadłużonych warszawa kredyt w banku spółdzielczym opinie alior bank kredyt w euro pożyczki bez biku łódź pożyczka na dowód piła do 20 otwarcie kalkulator rat pożyczki ing pozyczki bez zaswiadczen bielsk podlaski kredyt w banku skok stefczyka pożyczki chwilówki pabianice najtańszy kredyt na 30 tyś bez bik kredyt samochodowy toyota bank kredyt bank lokaty dewizowe bank pko bp kredyt dla firm na jaki numer kredyt w orange przedawnienie odsetek ustawowych umowa pożyczki kredyt bank żagiel nr tel pożyczki dla osób z komornikiem w jakim banku wziąć kredyt studencki udziele drobnej pozyczki zywiec kredyt mieszkaniowy walutowy kalkulator bank pko sa kredyt mieszkaniowy opinie udziele pożyczki prywatnie wrocław kredyty chwilowki godz otwarcia kredyt pod zastaw auta bez biku kredyty chwilówki kontakt kredyt konsolidacyjny deutsche bank kalkulator pożyczki chwilówki piła zmiana wysokości oprocentowania pożyczki pożyczki przez internet bez pracy pożyczki dla firm bez big pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt pożyczki bez weryfikacji wniosku kredyt bank bełchatów kredyt bank pocztowy forum udokumentowanie pożyczki dokumenty do kredytu mieszkaniowego pko bp kredyt bez bik w bph polisa pożyczki pożyczki bez bik do 5000 pożyczki dla firm toruń kredyty chwilówki lokaty pożyczki warszawa bez bik pożyczki dla firm bez dochodu kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator rat polbank bocian pożyczki stargard szczeciński pożyczki gotówkowe 50000 kredyt bank cesja pożyczki chwilówki pozabankowe bez bik czy banki udzielają pożyczek pod weksel kredyty chwilówki kasprowicza carecash pożyczki jak wziąć kredyt 5 zł w orange gorzów pożyczki pozabankowe szybkie pożyczki bankowe kredyt bank leszno kontakt pożyczki ze złą historią kredytową kredyty bankowe konto pasywne czy aktywne kredyty bez bik zielona gora pożyczki provident umowa pożyczki pieniędzy dla córki kredyt chwilówka na dowód warszawa pożyczki bez bik gdzie pożyczki gotówkowe szczecin przeniesienie pożyczki na kapitał zapasowy optima pożyczki warunki szybkie pożyczki bez bik na dowód duże pożyczki prywatne pożyczki bezzwrotne dla nowych firm szybki kredyt bez bik warszawa pożyczki pozabankowe w piotrkowie trybunalskim obligacje pożyczki dolarowej kredyty chwilowki oswiecim kredyty pozabankowe śląskie kredyt bez biku kraków kredyt bank w tczewie przedawnienie pożyczki ustnej podatek od umorzonej pożyczki z zfśs pożyczki bezzwrotne dla młodych rolników renta wojskowa a kredyt gotówkowy pko bp kredyty chwilówki będzin kredyt bank biała podlaska praca kredyt w banku w niemczech umowa pożyczki cywilno prawna kredyt bank wałbrzych piaskowa góra lokata rentierska w kredyt banku kredyty chwilówki wejherowo wzór umowy pożyczki z zastawem opodatkowanie odsetek od pożyczki dla osoby fizycznej kredyt w banku spółdzielczym kalkulator kredyt bank sa dane do przelewu kredyt dla młodych rolników w banku spółdzielczym umowa pożyczki w rodzinie banki kredyty pożyczki optima pożyczki wrocław kredyty bez bik radomsko bocian pożyczki mail pożyczki dla bezrobotnych bez konta bankowego od 18lat wniosek o pozyczke z kronos bez online pożyczki delfin kredyt konsolidacyjny bez bik i zabezpieczeń pożyczki na działalność najtańsze kredyty konsolidacyjne ranking optima pożyczki ciechanów kredyty mieszkaniowe definicja umowa spłaty pożyczki kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator getin bank pożyczki pozabankowe przez internet forum potrzebuję ów kredyt szybki kredyt bez biku przez internet kredyt bank samochody poleasingowe szybkie pożyczki bez bik radom umowa pozyczki ze wsteczna data pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości warszawa cena rynkowa pożyczki kredyt bank poraj pożyczki międzyrzecz kredyt pozabankowy do 50 tys kredyty chwilówki wrocław jedności narodowej kredyty chwilówki świebodzin pożyczki tax care kredyty bez bik i zaświadczeń pomorskie kredyt bank bankomaty zielona góra kredyt na dowód bez bik i krd otrzymanie pożyczki pcc kredyt pozabankowy na samochód prometeusz pożyczki kielce kredyt bez bik w banku kredyty chwilowki lodz kredyt prostoliczony lukas bank kalkulator pożyczki banki umowa pożyczki a podatek kredyt odnawialny w eurobank santander consumer bank kredyt bez bik kredyt mieszkaniowy zmiana kredytobiorcy pozyczka pozabankowa mazowiecki bez dochodow kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zaświadczeń o zarobkach pożyczki na dowód poznań adam nowakowski pożyczki kredyt bank piekary śląskie umowa pożyczki gotówkowej doc kredyt bank hr jaka deklaracja od umowy pożyczki szybkie darmowe pożyczki nowe pożyczki chwilówki online czy bank stanfader udziela kredytow bez bik wyłudzenie pożyczki kredyt samochodowy bre bank pożyczki na duże kwoty kredyt kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator kredyt mieszkaniowy dla rencistów nieoprocentowane pożyczki dla firm szybkie pożyczki legnica pożyczki w olsztynie kredyt mieszkaniowy w pko bp sa pożyczki pod zastaw zielona góra kredyt bez bik i krs kredyt bank wizja kredyt na 5 zł orange pozyczki w domu warszawa kredyt bank raszyn telefon wzór na wyliczenie odsetek od pożyczki mieszkaniowej pożyczka online bez krd 24h kredyt bank ustka pożyczki chwilówki słupsk pożyczki mieszkaniowe ranking umowa pożyczki stowarzyszenie pożyczki prywatne gryfice szybkie pożyczki elbląg alior bank kredyt dla rolników partner pożyczki piła pożyczki na dowód lublin kredyty mieszkaniowe starego portfela kredyt bez bik rawicz kredyt w provident utrata pracy pożyczki partycypacyjne kredyt bank w uk kredyty mieszkaniowe forum pożyczki bez bik od ręki umowa pożyczki z poręczeniem pożyczki bez dochodu toruń pożyczki gotówkowe kołobrzeg kredyt bank bankomaty mielec ei global kredyty opinie pożyczka pawinski krzysztof warszawa pożyczki online chwilówki kredyt bez bik i poreczycieli kredyty chwilówki spłata umorzenie pożyczki w księgach kredyt bank warszawa radość kangurek pożyczki pożyczki pozabankowe lista firm pożyczki chwilówki kredyty kredyt bank wrocław placówki kredyt bank oddział lublin krakowskie przedmieście kredyty chwilówki w łomży banki kredyty konsolidacyjne najkozystniejszy kredyt gotowkowy dla policjanta kredyt bank przeniesienie karty kredytowej pożyczki nielegalne kredyt bank zmiana limitu transakcji kredyt mieszkaniowy zarobki 2000 pożyczki chwilówki szczecin krzywoustego niskooprocentowane pożyczki z funduszy unijnych kredyt bank prabuty umowa pożyczki gotówkowej pod zastaw kredyt konsumpcyjny bank pocztowy kredyt bank wielicka kraków pożyczki dla zadłużonych bez big w którym banku najłatwiej dostać kredyt gotówkowy pożyczki ze złym bik pożyczki zielona góra getin bank kredyt konsolidacyjny forum kredyt 3000 bez bik pożyczki jeremie kredyt bank w nowym dworze mazowieckim kredyt bank warszawa powstańców śląskich kredyt konsolidacyjny dla zadłuzonych pożyczki prywatne bez bik i zaświadczeń kredyty pozabankowe bez bik przez internet kredyt bank mikołów godziny otwarcia odpłatność pożyczki kredyt bank w gdansku kredyt bank w trzciance kredyt bank lokaty lipiec 2012 flisak chełmno pożyczki umowa pożyczki osoba fizyczna wzór lublin spłaty komornika pozyczki pożyczki bez bik łomża pożyczki luboń pozyczka w domu wołów kredyty chwilówki trójmiasto pożyczki chwilówki ostrów mazowiecka cesja pożyczki a pcc polski kredyt bank sa pożyczki pozabankowe na sms kredyty prywatne bez biku kredyt konsolidacyjny pko bank polski pomocne pożyczki pożyczki do domu elbląg przelewy w kredyt banku godziny kredyt mieszkaniowy zarobki uk kredyt bank zablokowany token pożyczki z komornikiem ruda śląska kredyt bank śląski kalkulator kredyt mieszkaniowy marzec 2012 kredyt bank filia łomianki kredyt bank polecenie zapłaty umowa pożyczki z odsetkami forma pożyczki kredyt gotówkowy bez bik i krd kredyt termomodernizacyjny banki kredyt bank kartuska 5 gdańsk kredyt bank konto oszczędnościowe concerto umowa pożyczki opodatkowanie odsetek pożyczki pozabankowe ciechanów kredyty chwilówki system partner pl kredyt bank łowicz telefon kredyt bank w kościanie credit agricole pożyczki kalkulator ksiegowanie przelewow w kredyt banku kredyty chwilówki sopot kalkulator kredytu mieszkaniowego w pko bp kredyt gotówkowy w banku wbk kredyt studencki pekao sa dokumenty kredyty kielce kredyt refinansowy eurobank pozyczki do domu radomsko kredyty w domu klijenta jarosław kredyt ustawa prawo bankowe pożyczki pod zastaw zgierz w jakim banku korzystny kredyt gdzie po kredyt bez bik kredyt bank w swieciu pożyczki bez bik chwilówki konwersja pożyczki na kapitał zapasowy alior bank kredyt inwestycyjny oprocentowanie umowa pożyczki w euro kto da kredyt bez biku eu2 pożyczki kredyty bez bik zaświadczeń przekształcenie pożyczki w kapitał zapasowy kredyty chwilówki w warszawie profi credit kalkulator pożyczki pożyczki bez bik gdzie kredyt bez bik szamotuły pożyczki dfg kredyt konsolidacyjny bez poreczycieli i zadluzonych pożyczki umowa co lubuskie pożyczki długoterminowe na dowód kredyt bank marketing kontakt umowa pożyczki pieniędzy bez odsetek wzór alfa kredyt ranking kredyt studencki pko regulamin pożyczki dla zadłużonych i z komornikiem pożyczki żagiel pożyczki podkarpacie kredyty bez bik legnica adam lorek pożycttp://crossbarn.com/celebrate/kredyt-bank-konto/'>kredyt bank konto pożyczki na weksel śląskie gdzie kredyt bez bik zatrudnionych zagranica kredyt bank założyciele kredyt konsolidacyjny w niemczech kredyt konsolidacyjny nordea bank kredyt bank forum money kredyty w banku bez bik ekf pożyczki kredyt w banku internetowym bocian pożyczki milicz oprocentowanie kredytu mieszkaniowego w pko pożyczki bankowe przez internet pożyczki ratalne online duet pożyczki częstochowa umowa pożyczki pomiędzy osobami prywatnymi tax care pożyczki forum brak zwrotu pożyczki przestępstwo kredyt bank wisła pożyczki bez bik zdunska wola kredyty i pożyczki referat do ilu kredyt santander doradcy24 pożyczki pożyczki prywatne ostrowiec św renta wojskowa a kredyt gotówkowy pko bp bocian pożyczki gliwice kredyt bank gdynia starowiejska godziny otwarcia kredyt bank zduńska wola kontakt kredyt konsolidacyjny na pit 11 pożyczki świętochłowice kredyty mieszkaniowe toruń flisak pożyczki kontakt kredyt konsumpcyjny w banku spółdzielczym kredyt konsolidacyjny najdłuższy okres kredyt bankowy w finansowaniu msp pożyczki od najbliższej rodziny kredyt bank wejherowo godziny otwarcia kredyt bank warszawa żoliborz pożyczki płock online pożyczki oddłużeniowe dla rolników kredyt bank klienci banknot pozyczki warszawa szybkie pożyczki online bez bik umorzenie pożyczki ewidencja kredyt bez bik nowy sącz umowa pożyczki osoby prywatne kredyt mieszkaniowy z wkladem wlasnym kalkulator kredyt konsolidacyjny pko oprocentowanie kredyt bank ustka godziny otwarcia regulamin pożyczki gotówkowej kredyt konsolidacyjny dla rolnika pożyczki bez bik krotoszyn kredyty bez biku wrocław pozyczki bez zaswiadczen chrzanow kredyty mieszkaniowe statystyka preferencyjny kredyt studencki opinie umowa pożyczki jaka forma kredyt bank sa kasprzaka kredyty bez biku gdynia kredyt bank krosno bankomaty kredyty bankowe oferty kredyt konsolidacyjny wbk 2014 minutka pożyczki cashflow pożyczki kredyt bank historia banku kredyt studencki pko a urlop dziekański udzielanie pożyczki z budżetu gminy kredyt konsolidacyjny pbs pożyczki pracownicze pożyczki prywatne olkusz kredyt pod zastaw nieruchomości bez bik kalkulator pożyczki pko sa oprocentowanie kredytu w nordea bank pożyczki studenckie w anglii pożyczki żuromin promocja w kredyt banku pożyczki pod weksel kraków kredyty bez bik oddłużeniowe współpraca pożyczki chwilówki gorlice pożyczki bez bik środa wlkp kredyt mieszkaniowy gdzie najlepiej 2012 kredyty bez bik zielona gora żyrafa pożyczki śrem kredyt bank 224 pożyczki bez komornika i biku na dowód w szczecinie kredyt studencki ing bank lokata junior w kredyt banku kredyt bank facebook kredyt konsolidacyjny toruń umowa o zwrot pożyczki szybkie pożyczki mińsk mazowiecki pożyczki dla bezrobotnych bez bik kredyt rodzina na swoim getin bank kalkulator ślimak pożyczki bydgoszcz kredyty chwilówki zarabiaj z nami opinie kredyt konsolidacyjny w bnp paribas pozyczka dla mlodych bez bik kredyty bankowe praca dyplomowa kredyt bank godziny otwarcia radlin pożyczki kalkulator ing kredyt w gospodarce banku szybkie pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik praca w kredyty chwilówki opinie pożyczki bez bik szamotuły czy trudno dostać kredyt w getin banku kredyt bank przelicznik credit agricole kredyt w rachunku kredyt bank lokata strukturyzowana opinie kredyt bank świebodzin kontakt czy kredyt bankowy jest opodatkowany kredyt w banku aib kredyt bank oprocentowanie ror kredyt bez bik wikipedia szybka pożyczka 20tysięcy obsługa w domu bocian pożyczki nowa sól zarobki kredyt bank forum kredyt bank zabrze godziny otwarcia kredyt bank żyrardów godziny otwarcia kredyt prywatny bez bik krd pleszew pilne kredyt chwilówka pruszcz kredyt bank forum money kredyty konsolidacyjne kredyty komornicy pożyczki bocian rzeszów kredyt mieszkaniowy proces kredyt bank warszawa marki kredyt w banku spółdzielczym forum kredyt w banku ochrony środowiska kredyt bank w zgierzu dokumenty do kredytu mieszkaniowego pko bp pożyczki okey kredyt bank targowa godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki pieniężnej bez zabezpieczeń kredyt studencki pko wymagane dokumenty pożyczki chwilówki wałbrzych pożyczki katowice 3 maja pożyczki pod zastaw pomorskie pożyczki na dowód bez zaświadczeń od 18 lat pożyczki udzielone pożyczki z fgśp obliczenie oprocentowania pożyczki eurobank kredyt konsolidacyjny forum kredyt bank warszawa ul grójecka kredyt bank kedzierzyn kozle wzory umów pożyczki gotówkowej grzegorz kowal pożyczki kredyt studencki oprocentowanie 2011 bocian pożyczki prudnik kredyty chwilówki ostrowiec św kredyty bez bik 10000 czy umowa pożyczki musi być zawarta na piśmie kredyt bank białystok mickiewicza telefon pożyczki gotówkowe płock udzielam pożyczki pod weksel kredyt na alimety bez big pozyczka getin bank w 5 minut pro domo pożyczki forum kredyt bank ostrobramska 101 umowa pożyczki 500 zł kredyty chwilówki międzyrzec podlaski kredyt bank forum kredyty i pożyczki charakterystyka idea bank pożyczki dla firm pozyczki bydgoszcz 24 umowa pożyczki chwilówki pożyczki prywatne pod weksel rzeszów w jakim banku nie brac kredytu pożyczki od ręki kredyty pro domo pożyczki toruń pożyczki plus kredyty bez biku i zaświadczeń pożyczki na dowód szczecin pożyczki na dowód płock pożyczki otrzymane w bilansie kredyt bank dworna łomża kredyt bank belgijski kredyt bank bankomaty szczecin kredyt bank w radości umowa pożyczki podatek kredyt bank białobrzegi tel kredyt bank wrocław godziny otwarcia gliniana Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

Quebec French Sayings -2

Quebec French Sayings -3

Quebec French Sayings - 5

Quebec French Sayings & Words - 6

 

For readers interested in French, there is a great deal of material on my website about Quebec French. Just click below to begin.

 

 

         Acadian Word Pages on This Website

A New Origin of Place Name Acadia

More Acadian French Food Words

Boucane: Cajun Word for "smoke"

Chiard: Acadian Food

Jaser: Acadian 'to blab, to talk a lot'

Acadian Poutine

Chenail/Snye: Acadian Word

More Acadian Words Explained in English

 

 

 

Bibliography of my works published in book form

 

 

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

                Funny Canadian Sayings / Quebec Sayings / Canadian Words

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Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad