pożyczki bez bik radomsko pożyczki na dowód warszawa kredyt mieszkaniowy dla osób po 50 kredyt w banku a umowa na czas określony kredyt samochodowy jaki bank wybrać kredyty dla zadłużonych w uk szybkie pożyczki bez bik i krd poznań pożyczki bez bik do 10 tys kredyty trudne bez biku i prywatne poznań advice pożyczki opinie pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości z komornikiem kredyt bank olawa kredyt bank w markach szybkie pożyczki dla zadłużonych kredyty chwilówki oferty pewny kredyt bez biku kredyt bank ostrowiec św pożyczki chwilówki bez bik big i krd pożyczki bocian kłodzko pożyczki chwilówki zary pożyczki gotówkowe z zajęciem komorniczym kredyt bank pracownicy kredyty chwilówki w olkuszu czy kredyt mieszkaniowy można odliczyć od podatku pożyczki 5000 ipko kredyt na oswiadczenie pozyczki na procent warszawa umowa pożyczki pod warunkiem zawieszającym bezpieczny kredyt bez bik forum kredyty chwilówki bez big prywatne pożyczki na weksel kraków kredyt konsolidacyjny w bph opinie kredyty pozabankowe plock kredyt w niemczech w jakim banku pożyczki prywatne mazowieckie kredyt bank w łodzi bocian pożyczki leszno bocian pożyczki wejherowo bnp paribas kredyt umowa zlecenie pożyczki na dowód porównanie kredyt konsolidacyjny aig pożyczki pozabankowe przez telefon kredyty pozabankowe śląsk pożyczki kalisz bez bik narutowicza kredyt gotówkowy bez bik i zdolności kredytowej kredyt konsumpcyjny bank millenium franchising pożyczki pożyczki gotówkowe szybka pozyczka duza kwota kredyty w banku santander kredyt bank iv oddział warszawa kredyt gotówkowy bez biku i zaświadczeń pożyczki bez bik konin kredyty samochodowe dla firm ranking maksymalne koszty pożyczki kredyt bank w świdnicy ing bank kredyt na mieszkanie kredyt bank książkowa kontakt prywatne pożyczki gotówkowe katowice mam kredyt w getin banku kredyt bank wyniki 2012 kredyt konsolidacyjny a refinansowy bocian pożyczki żnin kredyty chwilówki andrychów szybkie pożyczki bez sprawdzania w bazach w jakim banku najlepiej wziąć kredyt konsolidacyjny nadpłata pożyczki ing kredyty chwilówki skoczów kredyt pozabankowy do 5 tys kredyt bank oddział konstancin kredyt bank sa iii oddział w warszawie pożyczki bez bik gorzów wlkp pożyczki bocian lublin adres i nr tel kredyt mieszkaniowy dla singli w pko pozyczki z komornikiem miedzyrzec podlaski kredyt pozabankowy z tanimi odsetkami pożyczki na dowód turek kredyt konsolidacyjny przepisy nieujawnione pożyczki kredyty chwilowki lodz kredyt bez bik pleszew kredyt bank racibórz mickiewicza udzielenie pożyczki akcjonariuszowi profinet pożyczki opinie umowa pożyczki z pracownikiem wzór pożyczki pozabankowe od 18 lat pożyczki od ręki niespłacanie kredytu mieszkaniowego kredyt bankowy źródło finansowania umowa pożyczki zgłoszenie do urzędu skarbowego umowa pożyczki dla firm pozyczki dla osob w biku we wroclawiu kredyty pozabankowe ruda śląska kredyty konsolidacyjne bez zaswiadczen o zarobkach kredyt konsolidacyjny pozabankowy umowa pożyczki pomiędzy firmami pcc kredyt bez biku piła kredyt bank przelewy godziny pożyczki darłowo kredyt samochodowy banki kredyt bank gora kalwaria kredyt bankowy ze złym bikiem deklaracja pcc od umowy pożyczki pożyczki pod zastaw łapy bank pekao kredyt online bez zaświadczeń faktor pożyczki pozyczka bez bik pozabankowa lublin pko bp kredyt mieszkaniowy symulacja bocian pożyczki piotrków tryb pożyczki pod zastaw rtv lublin eurobank kredyt w 15 minut mikserek pożyczki pożyczki bez sprawdzania historii kredytowej pożyczki prywatne oferty 2013 gdzie dają pożyczki na dowód kredyt mieszkaniowy 100 wartości pożyczki bez wizyty w banku pożyczki infinite umowa pożyczki wibor pożyczki chwilówki jak to działa udzielę pożyczki prywatnej szybko i bez sprawdzania sprzedaż kredyt banku forum pożyczki prywatne szybko kredyty bez bik w poznaniu kredyty mieszkaniowe bank pko sa getin bank kredyt samochodowy dla firm pożyczki bez bik i krd rzeszów kredyt w domu klienta provident umowa pożyczki kredyt bank dzienny limit operacji kredyt bank direct niespłacanie pożyczki pożyczki pozabankowe w krakowie kredyt bank warszawa centrala cech pożyczki pożyczki dla polaków w niemczech pożyczki chwilówki potrącenie z wynagrodzenia pożyczki naliczanie odsetek od pożyczki kredyt w orange jaki kod praca w kredyt banku 2012 kredyt bank kosztorys kredyt pozabankowy bez bik forum kredyt bez bik pko kredyty bez bik w szczecinie pożyczki gotówkowe w rodzinie pożyczki chwilówki wałbrzych kredyt konsolidacyjny pko bp kalkulator kredyt gotówkowy w getin bank opinie kto da pożyczkę lub kredyt z zajęciem komorniczym bielsko kredyty nie bankowe kredyt konsolidacyjny santander opinie alior bank kredyt na oświadczenie kredyty chwilówki poznań głogowska kredyt bez bik 3 tyś pożyczki gotówkowe lubin kredyty pozabankowe prywatne pożyczki chwilówki franczyza dokument pożyczki pożyczka od ręki bez zaświadczeń białystok kredyt bez bik 10000 zł kredyt bank biznes pożyczki takto opinie bocian pożyczki opinie pracowników kredyt konsolidacyjny zasady pożyczki lfr pożyczki bez bik na sms bocian pożyczki forum pozyczka dla mlodych bez bik potrzebuje pinie pożyczki u prywatnej osoby krakow kredyt konsolidacyjny pod nieruchomość santander consumer bank kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator kredyt bank dział windykacji lublin kredyt bez bik lomza opodatkowanie odsetek od pożyczki wspólnika kredyt studencki jakie banki 2012 pożyczki gotówkowe dla emigrantów kredyt bank żagiel lublin narutowicza kredyt bank bez bik kredyty do firm parabanki kredyty chwilówki kłobuck umowa pożyczki pcc pieniądze do domu pożyczki lokata kredyt banku 6 5 kredyty bez biku sosnowiec umowa pożyczki od brata tanie pożyczki pozabankowe pożyczki oświecim kredyt w banku porównanie pożyczka od ręki bez zaświadczeń białystok kredyt pozabankowy rzeszów pozyczki i kredyty bez bik i krd pekao sa kredyt wpis w big kredyt bank grójecka 45 godziny otwarcia opodatkowanie umorzonej pożyczki z zfśs kredyty banku sgb kredyty mieszkaniowe 2009 pożyczki gotówkowe tczew pożyczki typu provident bocian kredyt bank sa lubin kredyt gotowkowy bez bik i zaswiadczen pożyczki chwilówki tarnowskie góry pożyczki bez bik gdzie umowa pożyczki chwilówki wzór poznań pożyczki prywatne kalkulator kredytowy gotówkowy bank spółdzielczy koszty udzielenia pożyczki w jakim banku najlepiej wziąć kredyt konsolidacyjny wzory dokumentów pozew o zwrot pożyczki pożyczka w domu poznań umowa pożyczki od brata wzór gdzie dostac kredyt bez biku wzór oświadczenia pożyczki kredyt bank dluga kredyty pozabankowe numer telefonu bezpieczne pożyczki bez bik kredyt mieszkaniowy dla singla kalkulator kredyt bank jasło kontakt umowa pożyczki na rzecz spółki orange kod kredyt kredyt bank tbg kredyt na mieszkanie jaki bank provident warunki pożyczki idea bank kredyt na start ze wsparciem unijnym opinie pozyczki w swiebodzinie bez sprawdzania biku kredyty pożyczki dla zadłużonych pożyczki chwilówki przez internet opinie pożyczki peer to peer wniosek o kredyt studencki pekao sa kredyt bank ostrów wlkp na dowod kredyt gotowkowy bez zaswiadczen i do domu kredyt bez biku 25000 pożyczki na dowód olsztynek kredyt chwilówka ostrów mazowiecka pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik big i krd kredyt bank lokaty 6 5 kredyt w vdwoch transzach odluzeniowy kredyt bank konta osobiste pożyczka bez bik abis kredyt balonowy santander bank 50 50 kredyt bank zablokowana karta kredyt mieszkaniowy pko bp 2013 pożyczki prywatne forum i opinie kredyt bank ken 98 kredyt odnawialny w banku śląskim pożyczki provident oprocentowanie kredyt bank akcjonariusze kredyt bank oferta dla studentów kredyty oddłużeniowe pozabankowe wypowiedzenie ubezpieczenia pożyczki ekspresowa pozyczka w domu klienta poznań pożyczki do domu szczecin bocian pożyczki opcja przelew kredyty bez bik szczecinek kredyt w banku potrzebne dokumenty kredyt studencki 2012 opinie wysoka prezyznawalnośc pozyczek konsolidacyjnych kredyt bank wrzutnia parabanki pożyczki online kredyt w db bank pro domo pożyczki opinie kredyt bez bik 2000 zł w jakim banku najtańszy kredyt konsolidacyjny udzielać pożyczki ranking kredytów mieszkaniowych luty 2012 providus ostrow pozyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny ze złą historią pożyczki unilink cash kredyt konsolidacyjny na 20 lat kredyt bank windykacja bank pko sa oprocentowanie kredytów kredyty chwilówki wadowice udzielić pożyczki po niemiecku kredyt eurobank online pożyczki na dowód mińsk mazowiecki kredyt bank jelenia góra ogińskiego godziny otwarcia kredyt konsolidacyjny santander kredyt bank 4 oddział warszawa kredyt bank bb pożyczki pod weksel lubin kredyty chwilówki radom kredyt gotowkowy w deutsche bank niespłacony kredyt konsolidacyjny kronos pożyczki olkusz pozyczki bez sprawdzania w biku umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs zmarłemu emerytowi kredyt ratalny eurobank kredyt dla nowych firm idea bank opinie kredyty chwilówki dyrektor pożyczki ełk kredyt bank zielona góra telefon kredyt ratalny przez internet bez bik umowa pożyczki ze wspólnikiem spółki kredyt bank ekstralokum reklama pożyczki vivus kredyt studencki pekao sa 2012 pożyczki preferencyjne małopolska kredyt bank konto bankowe bankomaty kredyt banku w białymstoku kredyt samochodowy bez bik na oświadczenie pożyczki chwilówki konin kredyt dla zadluzonych bez biku kredyt samochodowy online mbank kalkulator alior bank kredyt z ubezpieczeniem kredyty bez bik od 4000 w jakim banku najlepiej wziąć kredyt na mieszkanie pożyczki na własną działalność gospodarczą kredyt bank piekary gdzie dostane kredyt bez sprawdzania w biku kredyt bank tarnobrzeg telefon pożyczki na dowód chojnów ubezpieczenie kredytu w fm banku pożyczki pozabankowe mińsk mazowiecki bocian pożyczki ostróda bocian pożyczki zgierz umowa konwersji pożyczki kredyt bank warszawa chmielna skarabeusz pożyczki w domu bocian pozyczki glogow kredyty chwilówki w tychach pożyczki bez bik oprocentowanie podanie o umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs wzór pożyczki bez bik i krd konin kredyt bank poznań krauthofera kredyty mieszkaniowe w londynie bezpieczny kredyt pozabankowy kredyt bank wypłaty z bankomatów w jakim banku wziąć kredyt forum pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości bydgoszcz umowa pożyczki przepisy kredyty chwilówki ile procent optima pożyczki przez internet kredyt pozabankowy kontakt kredyt dla spółki zoo bez bik udzielę pożyczki prywatnej gdańsk jak dostać kredyt w banku spółdzielczym pożyczki na procent płock kredyt na nowa firme bez bik kredyt bank wielicka godziny otwarcia kredyty bez sprawdzania w bik i krd kredyt bez biku opole getin noble bank ubezpieczenie kredytu bocian pożyczki rzeszów pożyczki logo pożyczki chwilówki bez erif pożyczka na dowód bogatynia meritum bank kredyt online umowa pożyczki a weksel w jakim banku wziąć kredyt mieszkaniowy pożyczki gotówkowe dla nowych firm kredyty gotówkowe bez sprawdzania w bik kredyt bank w rawiczu kredyt bank dział obsługi klienta kredyt bank w konstantynowie łódzkim kredyt bank poznań adres w jakim banku wziac kredyt rodzina na swoim kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zabezpieczeń na 10 lat rola kredytu w finansach banku kredyty chwilówki siedlce kredyt bank sa iii oddział w gdańsku pożyczki od osób prywatnych na weksel kredyt bank wydział windykacji kredyt w banku spółdzielczym bez bik pożyczki za gierka kredyt bank w jakich bankomatach bez prowizji czy kredyt bank ma problemy lichwiarskie pożyczki gotówkowe czestochowa kredyt konsolidacyjny najdłuższy okres pożyczki bez biku zielona góra udzielę pożyczki pod weksel poznań pożyczki 24 na dobe pozyczki bez bik wegrow kredyt samochodowy bez bik warszawa pożyczki z komornikiem kraków pożyczki od właścicieli w bilansie pożyczki chwilówka na dowód pożyczki pozabankowe pod weksel wrocław umowa spłaty pożyczki kredyt bank elektroniczny kredyt bez bik na samochód pożyczki chwilówki kwidzyn spłata pożyczki nieruchomością deutsche bank kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator jak wziąć kredyt w banku pocztowym pożyczki społecznościowe chwilówki kredyt bank w jarosławiu pożyczki pewne kredyt w uk bez sprawdzania umowa pożyczki dla członka zarządu mikropożyczki online kredyt bank legnica rynek godziny otwarcia kredyt bank liczba oddziałów oprocentowanie pożyczki w skali roku kalkulator pozyczki walbrzych z bik krs i komornikiem szybki kredyt bez bik gorzów wlkp kredyt mieszkaniowy pracujac za granica kredyt bez zdolności kredytowej kredyt konsolidacyjny najmniejsze oprocentowanie kredyt bank wspiera polskich żeglarzy kredyt bez bik 20000 umowa pożyczki zgłoszenie do us bgż pożyczki dla rolników maksymalne koszty pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny 25000 kredyt niemcy forum szybkie pożyczki tczew kredyt bank raport roczny 2011 kredyt mieszkaniowy pko bp forum kredyty chwilówki przyznawalność pożyczki dla 19 latków kredyt bank romera pożyczki od ręki toruń kredyt bank szczecin wojska polskiego godziny otwarcia czy kredyt bankowy jest zawsze oprocentowany kalkulator pożyczki wibor kredyt gotówkowy w eurobank kredyty bez bik glogow kredyt gotówkowy bank pekao sa kredyt studencki porównanie banków pożyczki wojenne kredyty bez bik 2013 pożyczki pozabankowe online bez bik getin bank kredyty gotówkowe forum flisak pożyczki kontakt kredyty bankowe pko sa elementy umowy kredytowej wg prawa bankowego kredyt bank marki godziny otwarcia alior bank kredyt konsolidacyjny dla firm pożyczki gotówkowe dla nauczycieli wypowiedzenie umowy pożyczki kodeks cywilny kredyty mieszkaniowe kalkulator rodzina na swoim kredyt bank kalisz godziny otwarcia umorzenie pożyczki z pup opodatkowanie umorzonej pożyczki pożyczki bez bik lubuskie uzasadnienie pożyczki remontowej kredyt bank polanica zdrój kredyt bez bik torun kredyt bank spółdzielczy kalkulator pbs kredyty pod działalność gosp kredyt bank debica szybki kredyt samochodowy bez bik umowa pożyczki osoby fizyczne wzór kredyt bank szczecin telefon kredyt na dom prywatne kredyty oddłużeniowe bez bik forum kredyt mieszkaniowy dla osób w biku kredyt mieszkaniowy bez wkładu własnego forum pożyczki na umowę cywilno prawną warszawa jaki nr na kredyt w orange mbank kredyt samochodowy online oprocentowanie pozyczki na dowod bez zaswiadczen elk kredyt w euro jakie banki kredyt bank w goleniowie kredyty bez bik na samochód historia umowy pożyczki pożyczki inwestorskie pod zastaw kredyt chwilówka kondratowicza pożyczki naziemne pożyczki z urzędu pracy pożyczki online bez dochodów kredyt bank w świdnicy kredyt bank legnica rynek kredyty mieszkaniowe dla mlodych malzenstw pozyczki dla osob krd i pracujacych na czarno szczecin kredyty chwilówki konsolidacja bocian pożyczki żory pożyczki bez wizyty w banku kredyt bez bik i krd kredyty chwilówki płock jachowicza kredyty chwilówki włoszczowa wzór umowy pożyczki gotówki kurs euro wg kredyt bank sa umowa pożyczki gotówki druk jak grzecznie odmówić pożyczki kredyt bank 1 oddział gdańsk umowa pożyczki dobrowolne poddanie się egzekucji udzielę pożyczki prywatnej toruń kredyt bank warszawa oddzialy kredyt mieszkaniowy własny kąt opinie kredyt mieszkaniowy bez zdolności kredyt gotówkowy w santander oprocentowanie firma bocian pożyczki kontakt pożyczki blog kredyt bank oliwa pożyczki długoterminowe online pożyczki credit agricole instrumenty finansowe pożyczki kredyt chwilówka czechowice kredyt bank poznań adres pożyczka z komornikiem kredyt konsolidacyjny zabrze advice pożyczki opinie pożyczki bez bik dla nowych firm pożyczki bocian w kaliszu kredyt bez bik na 10 lat kredyt konsolidacyjny jaki bank forum kredyt jako produkt bankowy jakie jest oprocentowanie kredytu mieszkaniowego w pko kredyt bank reklamacje

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

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funny sayings

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad