reklama pożyczki 2012 kredyty bankowe wzory kredyt bez bik w bph pożyczki z bikiem i komornikiem umowa pożyczki firmy kredyt bank numer kontaktowy kredyt bank wloclawek pozyczka od ręki września i okolica kredyt bank oferta pożyczki dla bezrobotnych z pup pożyczki bez bik pułtusk kredyt bankowy krótkoterminowy pożyczki wonga forum jaki kredyt pozabankowy umowa pożyczki pod zabezpieczenie kredyt bankowy finansowanie kredyt bez biku poznań kredyt bank średni kurs walut kredyt rolniczy w banku spółdzielczym kredyt samochodowy fortis bank opinie kredyt bez bik 40000 chwilowki pozyczki w domu klienta slask pożyczka chwilówka bez potwierdzania konta kredyt studencki pekao bp pożyczki bzwbk nowe pożyczki bez bik i krd pożyczki dla pracowników księgowanie kredyty dla nowo powstalych firm bez bik wysokie pożyczki bez bik umowa pożyczki odsetki kredyt w ulster banku uk umowa pożyczki według kodeksu cywilnego udzielanie pożyczki z budżetu gminy kredyt bank łowicz telefon umowa pożyczki na zakup mieszkania księgowanie pieniędzy w kredyt banku alior bank kredyt na rozpoczęcie działalności pożyczki dla firm 2014 kredyt bankowy a leasing szybkie pożyczki na dowód bez bik pożyczki na projekty unijne pożyczki bez bik krd i zaświadczeń szybkie pożyczki gotówkowe na dowód kredyty chwilówki boguszowice pożyczki dla osób z niskimi dochodami wzór umowy pozyczki umowa pożyczki ze wspólnikiem wzór kredyty chwilówki jelenia góra kredyt bank siedlce kontakt pożyczki chwilówki tablica kredyt prywatny zagraniczny umowa pożyczki między podatnikami vat pożyczki do 15000 bez bik bocian pożyczki jakie dokumenty umowa pożyczki jakie odsetki pożyczki w domu klienta bytom kredyt mieszkaniowy dla samotnych matek kredyt konsolidacyjny banki kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator 2014 pożyczki pod zastaw jarosław kredyt bank w otwocku kredyt bank marki godziny otwarcia przedawnienie pożyczki provident pożyczki z funduszu europejskiego pożyczki na dowód w domu klienta preferencyjne pożyczki dla firm 20000kredyt na juz koszt umowy pożyczki notarialnej szukam ekspresowej pozyczki tarnow pożyczki prywatne z ue kredyt bank głogów godziny otwarcia kredyt bank sa historia kredyty chwilówki bez big kredyt bank zana lublin godziny otwarcia pożyczki typu wonga oddziały kredyt banku w polsce kredyt bank pruszków kredyt konsolidacyjny gotówkowy bph kredyty bez bik pszczyna kredyt budowlany w jakim banku bocian pożyczki praca kierownik pożyczki społecznościowe statystyki kalkulator odsetek od pożyczki prywatnej certus pożyczki kredyt bank łódź kościuszki godziny otwarcia kredyty bez baz pożyczki chwilówki przez internet bez bik pożyczki podobne do provident kredyt chwilówka 0 pko ubezpieczenie pożyczki umowa pożyczki podstawa prawna kredyt bank oddział w krakowie kredyt bank profil aktywny 50 kredyt w lloyds bank pozyczki on laine bez biku na 15000 kredyty pozabankowe na oświadczenie odsetki od pożyczki wyliczenie kredyty banki ranking umowa pożyczki zgłoszenie do us kredyt na samochód a umowa na czas określony kredyt konsolidacyjny idea bank w jakim banku najtańszy kredyt konsolidacyjny pożyczki na rozpoczęcie działalności gospodarczej pożyczki na umowę cywilno prawną warszawa kredyt samochodowy mbank online kredyty chwilówki centrala tychy przeznaczenie pożyczki kredyt bank lokaty czerwiec 2012 kredyty bankowe to pasywa czy aktywa kredyt bank środa wlkp bgż pożyczki dla rolników bocian pożyczki brodnica kredyt bank ekstrakonto student kredyt bank obsługa klienta pożyczka w domu klijęta elbląg optima kredyt samochodowy dla emeryta w jakim banku wziąć kredyt gotówkowy pożyczki dla firm na oświadczenie kredyt bank żniwna poznań godziny otwarcia kredyty chwilówki gorzów wielkopolski przejęcie kredyt banku przez wbk kwota pożyczki brutto kredyt mieszkaniowy prowizja banku kredyt konsolidacyjny wniosek on line pożyczki na dowód przez internet bez bik pożyczka bez biku lublin wzór oświadczenia o zwrocie pożyczki pożyczki gotówkowe w banku pocztowym kredyty bez biku konin kredyt bank częstochowa dekabrystów godziny otwarcia pożyczki na rente socjalną kredyt bank wypowiedzenie rachunku getin bank kredyty samochodowe forum umorzenie pożyczki w księgach rachunkowych umowa pożyczki wzór pisma zawieszenie kredytu bank pko sa rentowność pożyczki pożyczki gotówkowe płock kredyt w ge money bank opinie pozyczka bez bik kraków nh kredyt bank poznań krauthofera godziny otwarcia oprocentowanie kredytu samochodowego w mbanku kredyt w banku na biznes kwota pożyczki wolna od podatku 2006 pożyczki do domu dolnośląskie kredyt bank lokaty online pożyczki na dowód świdnica szybkie pożyczki chwilówki belgia kredyty forum poręczyciel pożyczki pożyczki pozabankowe krosno pożyczki chwilówki łask bocian pożyczki opinie forum kredyty bank pko sa umowa pożyczki z pracodawcą umowa pożyczki pieniężnej dla spółki kredyt studencki pko procent ing bank kredyt 5000 kredyt studencki bank slaski kredyty chwilówki kamienna góra oprocentowanie kredytu mieszkaniowego w pko kredyt bez biku 10 tys boleslawiec kredyt bank żyrardów kontakt dobra pożyczki kredyt bank ostrów wlkp kontakt kredyt rodzina na swoim bank pocztowy kalkulator pożyczki portal kapitał obcy pożyczki impex trade pożyczki kredyt bankowy a akt notarialny pożyczka chwilówka bez potwierdzania konta kredyt bank koscierzyna pożyczki krótkoterminowe w uk kredyt bank ostrów wlkp pożyczki bez biku słupsk kredyt bank krynica zdrój godziny otwarcia funkcje pożyczki pozyczki dla pracujacych z komornikiem kredyt mieszkaniowy w polsce praca za granica kredyt bank olsztyn pieniężnego kontakt prowizja od umowy pożyczki a vat gdańsk pożyczki bez bik zarobki w kredyt banku 2011 kredyt w uk dla każdego kredyt bez biku bialystok bocian pożyczki kraków pożyczki bez bik grodzisk wlkp kredyt bank głęboka lublin getin kredyt samochodowy forum oferta pożyczki pożyczki bez bik gorzów wlkp alior bank kredyt przelicznik kredyty na raty bezrobotnym ina zasiłku stałym pożyczki gotówkowe najtaniej kredyt bank sa nip regon kredyt bez bik gorzów wlkp pożyczki bez biku online umowa pożyczki a podatek łódź pożyczki pozabankowe kredyt bank fundusz nieruchomości kalkulator rat pożyczki gotówkowej kredyt bank pocztowy pożyczki dla zadłużonych zielona góra szybki kredyt pozabankowy przez internet kredyt konsolidacyjny co to takiego fundacja kredyt banku kontakt prosta umowa pożyczki pożyczki pod zastaw śląskie alibaba szybkie pożyczki przedawnienie pożyczki w skok kredyt bank radzymińska czy bocian pożyczki sprawdza bik kredyt bank przelewy przychodzące kredyt ratalny alior bank opinie pożyczki bocian włocławek pcc od umowy pożyczki między przedsiębiorcami kredyt konsolidacyjny w jst pożyczki prometeusz bocian skarabeusz provident pożyczki na rozwój firmy chwilówki kredyty gotówkowe pożyczki typu mezzanine pożyczki artykuł pożyczki online bez bik kredyt bankowy przedawnienie roszczeń kredyty bez bik ruda slaska pożyczki na dowód legnica kredyt bank w jeleniej górze kredyty bez bik olsztyn pożyczki przez internet kraków kredyt konsolidacyjny jakie dokumenty bocian pożyczki kraków przedawnienie pożyczki między osobami fizycznymi kredyt bez biku pabianice pożyczki prywatne gumtree kredyty bez bik podkarpacie prywatne pożyczki lubań kredyt mieszkaniowy ponad 100 wycena pożyczki w bilansie pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik płock pożyczki chwilówki bez pracy pożyczki bez biku opinie pożyczki chwilówki kościan kredyt pozabankowy na kupno mieszkania szybki kredyt pozabankowy pożyczki bez bik słubice lubuskie ranking kredytów banków kredyt bank emilii plater kredyt bank bankomat euronet getin bank kalkulator zdolności kredytowej pozyczka z pracy przedawnienie kredyt gotowkowy w banku santander kredyt bank warszawa światowida prywatna pożyczka komornik warszawa kredyt gotówkowy bez bik bytom banki kredyt dla firm kredyt konsolidacyjny w agricole proste pożyczki gotówkowe kredyty chwilówki tychy niepodległości pożyczki udzielone i należności własne przykłady gdzie szukac pożyczki pozabankowej w starachowice kredyt pozabankowy online kredyt konsolidacyjny bez ograniczeń wiekowych pożyczki pod zastaw złota tarnowskie góry poliso lokata w kredyt banku oddziały kredyt banku w kielcach kredyt bez biku do 5000 banki udzielajace kredyty bez bik pożyczki bez bik lubin przez telefon pożyczki z budżetu gminy pożyczki bez bik z komornikiem kredyt bank bialystok lipowa kredyt bank morąg kredyt bank koszalin kontakt pożyczki dla nauczycieli kredyt bank legnicka godziny otwarcia pożyczki chwilówki aleksandrów kujawski patrycja nowak pożyczki umorzenie pożyczki z zfśś czy warto wziąć kredyt w getin banku pożyczki chwilówki dzierżoniów provident odmowa pożyczki kredyt bank białystok zwycięstwa 8 c kredyt bank multima kredyty skok stefczyka kredyt bank w starachowicach pożyczki biznesowe kredyt bank w krośnie kredyt bank ełk kontakt kredyt w uk gdzie najlepiej najtańszy kredyt bankowy kredyt pozabankowy na pit kredyt bez bik do 5 tys kredyt bank przelewy wewnętrzne kredyt studencki banki 2012 kod orange na kredyt koszt pożyczki gotówkowej pilnie potrzebuję pożyczki pozabankowej multibank kredyt samochodowy opinie forum pożyczki bez bik i krd opole kredyt bank starachowice godziny otwarcia kredyt chwilówki tarnobrzeg pożyczki w grosie pożyczki bocian wałcz pożyczka pod weksel prywatna pieniążek pożyczki kredyt bank piotrków kredyt bank konto walutowe opinie wzór umowy pożyczki od znajomych kredyt mieszkaniowy w uk kalkulator odmowa pożyczki w vivus pomysł na biznes pożyczki gotówkowe pożyczki ok opodatkowanie pożyczki od rodziny pożyczki wspólników pożyczki bez bik wodzisław śląski szybkie pożyczki lubin pożyczki bez bik małopolska umowa pożyczki wspólnika dla spółki jawnej udzielenie pożyczki osobie fizycznej przez spółkę pożyczki pewne umowa pożyczki charakter kredyt bank kupon 1 kredyt bank białystok lipowa pożyczki bez bik ranking kredyt mieszkaniowy wkład własny kalkulator idea bank kredyt dla nowych firm opinie okres przedawnienia umowy pożyczki pożyczki ranking 2012 kredyt bank placówki warszawa godziny otwarcia kredyt dla firm bez bik big bocian pożyczki provident kredyt mieszkaniowy a dochód kredyt bank lomianki godziny otwarcia opodatkowanie umów pożyczki kredyt bank żagiel sa kontakt kredyt bank lipowa 4 białystok skok piast kredyt 5000 kredyt konsolidacyjny reklama kredyt bank kosztorys i harmonogram prac budowlanych kredyt konsolidacyjny alior bank kredyty na dowod mielec kredyt bank piaseczno godziny pożyczki chwilówki poznań głogowska kredyt bez bik big krd bez zabezpieczeń w godzine szybkie pożyczki przez internet ranking oprocentowanie kredytu konsolidacyjnego w eurobanku lukas bank kredyt gotówkowy przez internet andrzej śmiały pożyczki pożyczki payu pożyczki najtaniej żyrafa pożyczki śrem bank udzielajacy pozyczki z dochodami z zagranicy kredyt konsolidacyjny dla osob pracujacych za granica kredyt mieszkaniowy jaki bank forum pożyczki bez bik konin kredyt bank sa zagiel lublin kronos pożyczki kontakt kredyt bank jana pawła wesoła kredyt bank sprzedany santander jaka kwota pożyczki jest wolna od podatku kredyty bankowe z komornikiem ktory bank da kredyt mieszkaniowy dla zadluzonych edir pożyczki kredyt w banku na samochód kredyt bank krzeszowice pożyczki chwilówki poznań głogowska kredyt bank marketing kredyty chwilówki opinie o firmie pozyczki bez bik szybkie kredyty online bez bik kredyty mieszkaniowe dla pracujacych w uk pożyczka bez dochodu i komornikiem na reke pożyczki państwowe pożyczki prywatne umowa kredyt gotówkowy od osób prywatnych bez krd pożyczki chwilówki włocławek pożyczki biała podlaska kredyt bank gorzów wlkp kredyt konsolidacyjny rio kredyt w banku spółdzielczym oprocentowanie kredyt bank bankomaty białystok fałszywe pożyczki kredyty wspólnoty mieszkaniowej pożyczki chwilówki poznań 23 lutego jak otrzymac kredyt bez biku pożyczki na dowód lębork kredyt bank fundusz nieruchomosci ii fiz pożyczki w bankach spółdzielczych auto kredyt bez bik kredyt bank opłata za prowadzenie konta kredyt bank piekary śląskie godziny otwarcia kredyt w banku spółdzielczym warunki pożyczki od ręki na dowód pożyczki chwilówki tarnów kredyt bank oddział bielany wrocławskie kredyt pelikan z bik i krd historia pożyczki eurobank kredyt konsolidacyjny opinie kredyt konsolidacyjny na oświadczenie o dochodach kredyty mieszkaniowe statystyka kredyt samochodowy dla nowej firmy pożyczki bez zaświadczeń toruń kredyt bez biku krosno pożyczki regita kredyt bank nfc gdańsk pożyczki chwilówki kredyt na samochód bez bik zaświadczeń promesa pożyczki wzór kredyt bank katowice szafranka lukas bank kredyt dla zadluzonych w biku umowa pożyczki ze spółką cywilną bc pożyczki umowa pożyczki odsetki ustawowe kredyt studencki opinie forum pożyczki online kredyt bank tychy godziny otwarcia bocian pożyczki provident pożyczki żyrafa opinie kredyt studencki bank zachodni wbk udziele pożyczki prywatnie czechowice pożyczki ze środków unijnych mikropożyczki w polsce pożyczki mieszkaniowe w zakładach pracy kredyt konsolidacyjny bank zachodni udzielenie pożyczki wspólnikowi przez spółkę kredyt konsolidacyjny w millenium bank pożyczki chwilówki stalowa wola kredyt bank godziny pracy pożyczki bez bik łódzkie kredyt bank ul abrahama optima pożyczki kutno pożyczki chwilówki zgierz podanie o umorzenie pożyczki z funduszu socjalnego okam pożyczki symulacja kredytu w banku wbk wzór umowy pożyczki od znajomych kredyt konsolidacyjny ranking banków robert kotowski pożyczki umowa pożyczki wzór pod zastaw kredyt w banku śląskim kredyt konsolidacyjny w banku bph prywatne pożyczki gotówkowe bez bik kredyt bank kubusia puchatka pożyczka przez internet bez sprawdzania pożyczki pod zastaw wieliczka pożyczki od osób fizycznych pożyczki bez bik w banku konwersja pożyczki od udziałowca na kapitał zapasowy kredyty gotówkowe skok chmi pożyczki gold udzielam pożyczki oprocentowanie kredytów w banku pko bp pożyczki pniewy pożyczki w tax care pożyczki bez zaświadczeń włocławek kredyty mieszkaniowe opinie o bankach kredyt bez banku pożyczka bez bik pożyczki nakło nad notecią kredyt konsolidacyjny z opóźnieniami kredyt bank chojnice nobel za mikropożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny w kruk pożyczki bez bik zakopane banki kredyt online kredyt bank mt940 pożyczki stefczyka bożena molenda pożyczki chwilówki bielsko umowa pożyczki pieniędzy w rodzinie wzór getin kredyt samochodowy forum pozabankowa pozyczka bez bik 20000 pożyczki gotówkowe chwilówka przedawnienie pożyczki w providencie kredyt bank godziny otwarcia białystok pożyczki chwilówki żyrardów pożyczki bgk pożyczki profinet kredyt bank oława godziny otwarcia pożyczki gniezno kredyty bankowe warunki kredyt konsolidacyjny online kredyty chwilówki godziny otwarcia bocian pożyczki forum kredyty chwilówki płock sienkiewicza umowa cesji pożyczki wzór kredyt bank kurs akcji kredyt w 5 minut skarabeusz okres kredytowania pieniądze do domu pożyczki amortyzacja pożyczki excel najszybszy kredyt w banku kredyt bez bik slupsk kredyt bank sa jarosław kredyt na 5 zl orange kredyt konsolidacyjny dla osób w biku kredyty od 18lat na sam dowod ostrowiec sw kredyty bez bik sanok kredyty chwilówki puławy umowa pożyczki osoba fizyczna firma bocian pożyczki jakie dokumenty potrzebne

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad