ewidencja księgowa pożyczki pożyczki ranking 2013 nowe pożyczki internetowe pożyczki bez bik gostynin getin bank kredyt na oświadczenie kredyt bank krosno dyrektor kredyt bank legionów wrocław kredyt na start firmy bez bik pożyczka przez internet bez bik geting bank kredyt na mieszkanie w banku spółdzielczym kredyty chwilówki rybnik raciborska pożyczki przez internet kraków kredyt bank cena akcji kredyt w eurobank kredyt chwilówka opinia przedawnienie długu pożyczki prywatnej pożyczki gotówkowe niskooprocentowane kredyt bank bankomaty piła rata pożyczki umowa pożyczki matka córka kredyt konsolidacyjny w lloyds wzór umowy pożyczki doc pozyczki w domu klienta głogowski pożyczki pożyczki na dowód 2013 bank pko bp kredyt samochodowy bank pko sa kredyt obrotowy poszukuję pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości kredyty trudne bez biku kredyt bank jutrzenki godziny otwarcia pożyczki bez bik w skok pożyczki gotówkowe bez bik szczecin oprocentowanie pożyczki lombardowej pożyczki bez bik żory bocian pożyczki malbork kredyt bank kantor kredyt studencki bank pko sa kredyt bank sa warszawa pożyczki społecznościowe bez bik i krd umowa pożyczki od osoby prywatnej kredyt mieszkaniowy zarobki za granica kredyty w idea banku forum kredyt bez bik jastrzebie zdroj kredyty konsolidacyjne warunki kredyty bez bik szczecin umowa pożyczki pod przymusem pożyczki chwilówki poznań ul 23 lutego pożyczki gotówkowe prywatne pożyczki dla dużych firm pożyczki pozabankowe świętokrzyskie kredyty konsolidacyjne forum pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości olsztyn kredyt bank demo kb24 kredyt samochodowy w ing wniosek o kredyt studencki pko bp kredyt obrotowy dla firm w banku spółdzielczym kredyt konsolidacyjny db kredyt kalkulator najnowsze pożyczki chwilówki online pozyczki w domu klienta kredyt bank w legionowie cesja praw z umowy pożyczki wpłatomaty kredyt banku warszawa pożyczki pozabankowe grodzisk mazowiecki skarabeusz pożyczki ostrów wlkp pożyczki od 18 lat pożyczki do domu szczecin kredyt remontowy w getin banku kredyty chwilowki nowa sol kredyt bez biku ełk kredyty samochodowe dla firm kalkulator multibank kredyt samochodowy dla firm kredyty chwilówki kozienice kredyt bez bik do 5000 radom pożyczki prywatne kredyt bank gryfice pożyczki na dowód skok stefczyka finan pożyczki wrocław pożyczki od ręki bez bik kredyt bank warszawa czynne w sobote kredyt bank wolczanska kredyt bank gizycko kredyt w banku gdzie najlepiej kredyt bankowy a akt notarialny najtańszy kredyt przy umowie zlecenie lombard pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości pożyczki od prywatnych bocian pozyczki grojec kredyt bank nr konta umowa pożyczki z firmy kredyt w banku bez bik tarchomin umowa pożyczki zabezpieczona zastawem kredyt bez biku kielce pożyczki chwilówki bez bik i big alior bank kredyt internetowy wyliczanie rat pożyczki kredyty plock bocian pożyczki trzebiatów tablica bank pekao sa kredyt na samochód kredyty chwilówki siemianowice slaskie pożyczki w krakowie potrącenie pożyczki z zfśs z zasiłku chorobowego kredyt konsolidacyjny we frankach kredyt bank gowork zyrafa pozyczki kredyt bank piłsudskiego łódź godziny otwarcia kredyt pod weksel kredyt bank karta visa kredyt na dowód lukas bank kredyty w skok bez bik kredyt studencki pko kiedy przelewy forma prawna pożyczki kredyt bank lokata srebrna pożyczki pod zastaw olsztyn kredyty pozabankowe atiz pożyczki czechowice business consulting pożyczki pożyczki dla zadłużonych bez bik kredyt konsolidacyjny oprocentowania pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu rzeszów nowe konto w kredyt banku kredyt bez bik przez internet pożyczki parabanki pozyczka bez bik pod zabezpieczenie boleslawiec kredyty chwilówki dla osób z komornikiem w jakim banku kredyt na mieszkanie 2013 kredyty dla zadluzonych w biku poznan kredyty chwilówki opolskie pożyczka na rente socjalną pko bp kredyt studencki aneks pożyczki w amber gold kredyt bank lublin windykacja pozyczki bocian radom kredyt bank akcje forum umowa pożyczki między rodzicami a dziećmi pożyczki chwilówki w domu 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cywilna pożyczki pieniędzy do ilu zl bocian udziela pozyczek na dowod księgowanie przelewów w kredyt banku wpłatomaty kredyt banku warszawa pcc od umowy pożyczki od udziałowca 2012 umorzenie pożyczki wspólnika kredyty pożyczki i gwarancje bankowe pdf udzielę pożyczki na procent kraków kredyt getin bank na pit pożyczki na dowód gorzów kredyt bank wypłata z bankomatu bez prowizji pożyczki 7 kredyt bank kb kredyt bank wypowiedzenie umowy pożyczki z amber gold pożyczki gotówkowe online w którym banku najłatwiej dostać kredyt gotówkowy tanie kredyty mieszkaniowe rodzina na swoim pożyczki drawsko pomorskie kredyt dla zadluzonych milleniumbank obliczenie raty pożyczki pożyczki pod zastaw działki budowlanej pożyczki do 80 lat pożyczki advice umowa pożyczki podatek pcc szybkie pożyczki tarnobrzeg pozyczka pieniezna w irlandii pożyczki pozabankowe w ciechanowie kredyt w banku pocztowym dla policjantów udzielić komuś pożyczki kredyty pozabankowe elbląg dramatyczne zwolnienia w kredyt banku umowa pożyczki pieniędzy koledze kredyty chwilówki ostrowiec św pożyczki udzielane w domu na terenie kartuz pożyczki dla osób pracujących w domu pozyczki dla bezrobotnych bialystok kredyt bank kraków królewska godziny otwarcia kredyt bez bik 5000 wrocław szybkie pożyczki online bez bik pożyczki chwilówki wrocław pożyczki w lublinie pożyczki gotówkowe bez bik szczecin pożyczki gotówkowe na 10 lat kredyt bank warszawa ul powstańców śląskich obliczanie rat pożyczki kredyt bez biku kielce potrącenie pożyczki z odprawy szybkie pożyczki online na dowód kredyty getin bank kalkulator kredyt bank ken potrzebuje kredyt na szybko bytom abis pozyczka dla bezrobotnego udzielę pożyczki bez rejestrów lokata strukturyzowana kredyt bank opinie kredyt studencki w banku zachodnim pożyczki indywidualne kredyt chwilówka opinia pożyczki gotówkowe szczecin kredyt studencki banki 2013 kod na kredyt z orange pozyczki emeryt z zajeciami komorniczymi krakow kredyt chwilówki tarnobrzeg kredyt bank pożyczki bez bik bocian pożyczki 48h umowa pożyczki dla kolegi pożyczki luboń kredyty chwilówki feniks kredyt bank kosciuszki lodz pożyczki dla osób bez dochodu pożyczki krótkoterminowe przez internet pożyczki bez bik oława sesje przelewów w kredyt bank pożyczki krecik opinie pożyczki udzielane w domu umowa pożyczki z dzieckiem kredyt bank warszawa wlochy umowa pożyczki dla rodziny wzór pożyczki pod zastaw mieszkania bydgoszcz konwersja pożyczki na kapitał zakładowy księgowanie umowa pożyczki wzór kredyt bank tuchola kredyty chwilówki blog kredyt dla wspólnoty mieszkaniowej 2013 pożyczki pod zastaw cała polska warunki uzyskania pożyczki pożyczki pcc gdzie dostane kredyt bez biku oblicz kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim kredyt bank hel kredyt samochodowy ing oprocentowanie ubezpieczenie spłaty pożyczki mbank kredyt bank hrubieszów tel kredyt bank 10 kredyt gotówkowy bez bik i zaświadczeń kredyty mieszkaniowe maciej molewski tani kredyt bez bik kredyt bez bik na mieszkanie lombard pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości kredyt bank logo eps alior bank kredyt online kredyt na dowod w credit agricole szybkie pożyczki bez bik włocławek mennica pozyczki jelenia gora opinie kredyty pozabankowe gniezno kredyt bank godziny otwarcia kraków spłata pożyczki z amber gold kredyt studencki bzwbk 2013 pożyczki w 24h przez internet bez zaświadczeń kredyt bank sa łódź pożyczki pozabankowe bez wychodzenia z domu kontakt z para bankiem w rzeszowie udzieli pozyczli pożyczki z komornikiem nowy sącz kredyt konsolidacyjny przykład kredyt bank wpłaty pożyczki chwilówki vivus kredyt konsolidacyjny żyrant pozyczki pod weksel rybnik kredyt bank profit pożyczki bez biku poznań marża banku kredyt w euro pożyczki tlf bezpieczna pozyczka znajomemu formularz bocian pożyczki sosnowiec kredyt internetowy bez biku kredyt pozabankowy szybki kredyt bank racibórz godziny otwarcia umorzone odsetki od pożyczki a przychód podatkowy pożyczki chwilówki umowa pożyczki prywatne żary kredyt bez bik i krd bedzin kredyt bank łomża kredyty chwilówki tarnobrzeg kredyt bez bik na telefon kredyt bank dzienny limit operacji na rachunku pożyczki bez bik kasiora kredyt konsumpcyjny bank millenium kredyty chwilówki jarosław pożyczki między członkami rodziny pozyczki w mielcu bocian kredyt bank departament windykacji kontakt kredyt bank żagiel warszawa kredyt studencki pko miesiące pozyczki z obsluga w domu lask kredyt bank placówki wrocław godziny otwarcia kredyty chwilówki tychy windykacja dlugoterminowa pozyczka bez dochodu 18 lat pożyczki mysłowice kredyt bank sprzedaż dewiz kredyt studencki pko sa regulamin pożyczki na dowód bez zaświadczeń bydgoszcz pożyczki na rozkręcenie firmy kredyt bank forum pracowników pożyczki od rodziny pozyczki bocian gniezno umorzenie pożyczki skutki podatkowe kredyt z banku a podatek odmowa przyjęcia pożyczki szybki kredyt bez bik łódź kredyt bank sokołów podlaski kontakt kredyt konsolidacyjny w banku zachodnim wbk pożyczki kronos zawiercie kredyt bez bik i krd płock idea bank opinie kredyt samochodowy jak wziąć kredyt w banku spółdzielczym jakie oprocentowanie pożyczki prywatnej kredyt mieszkaniowy dla singli 2011 gdzie kredyt samochodowy bez bik kredyt bez bik do 50 000 kredyt samochodowy w banku millennium bocian pożyczki rzeszów kontakt kredyt bank w chorzowie kredyt bank warszawa praga południe pozyczki i kredyty bez bik i krd kara za niezgłoszenie pożyczki pod jaki numer kredyt w orange pożyczki bez bik wawa kredyty bez bik w olsztynie kredyt konsolidacyjny do 200 tys kredyt studencki pekao 2012 czy można zawiesić kredyt w banku kredyty bez bik bydgoszcz kredyt bank address kredyt bez bik oświęcim pozyczki bez bik i krd wypowiedzenie umowy pożyczki provident pożyczki bez bik i krd rzeszów kredyty chwilowki plonsk preferencyjny kredyt studencki pko bp regulamin pożyczki w kasie stefczyka kredyt bank routing number kredyt bez bik i krs kredyt bankowy na otwarcie firmy pożyczki pod zastaw kwidzyn wzór umowy pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości kredyt bank bławatna bank pko sa kredyt odnawialny oddziały kredyt banku w kielcach kredyt konsolidacyjny bank jaki jest kod na kredyt do orange kredyt bez biku tychy getin bank warunki pożyczki bezpieczna pozyczka znajomemu formularz kredyty chwilówka częstochowa kredyt bez zaświadczeń o zarobkach plock pożyczki bez biku na telefon provident dwie pożyczki oświadczenie o oddaniu pożyczki umowa pożyczki spółki wzór umorzenie pożyczki pkzp przyrzeczenie udzielenia pożyczki kredyt bez bik żary w jakim banku wziąć kredyt gotówkowy 2013 pożyczka pod zastaw samochodu warszawa ul grochowska kredyt bank biuro operacji i windykacji lublin pożyczki prywatne żory kredyt konsolidacyjny w citibanku kredyt bank ii oddział białystok kredyt konsolidacyjny po angielsku w jakim banku wziąć kredyt studencki czy można umorzyć pożyczkę cywilną pożyczki na procent wrocław pozyczki bez sprawdzania w bazach kredyt bank konstancińska godziny otwarcia kredyt wzor podatek pożyczki bez bik big erif pożyczki internet kredyty bankowe gus pożyczki chwilówki najnowsze kredyt bez bik racibórz kredyt bank powstańców śląskich wrocław udzielone pożyczki krótkoterminowe w bilansie pożyczki bocian kościan kredyt bank piotrków tryb kontakt kredyt konsolidacyjny w banku slaskim wzór umowy pożyczki pieniędzy w rodzinie część pożyczki państwowej umowa pożyczki gotówka kredyt konsolidacyjny dla nowych firm mbank pożyczki dla bezrobotnych pożyczki na procent kraków kredyty i pozyczki bez biku pcc od umowy pożyczki z udziałowcem przejęcie kredyt banku przez wbk pożyczki bez krd lublin kredyty chwilówki przemyśl dyskretne pożyczki czy istnieje jeszcze mennica pozyczki w jeleniej gorze kredyt bank zduńska wola godziny otwarcia pożyczki bez przelewu na konto kredyt samochodowy dla firm bez bik pożyczki w lombardach kredyt orange jaki nr kredyty chwilówki w słupsku pożyczki w domu wrocław w jakim banku brać kredyt szybkie pożyczki bez bik i krd wzór wyliczenia odsetek od pożyczki z zfśs szybki kredyt gotówkowy bez bik przez internet kredyty chwilówki historia współpraca pożyczki bez bik jak wziasc kredyt do domu klienta na dowód kredyt bank augustów godziny otwarcia kredyt bank zachodniopomorskie kredyt w uk na rok kredyty chwilówki kamienna góra te pożyczki opinie kredyt ze wsparciem unijnym idea bank opinie pożyczki kalkulator ing kredyt za 5 zł w orange pożyczki i kredyty preferencyjne kredyt bankowy słownik pożyczki gotówkowe w alior banku kredyt konsolidacyjny w open finance opinie kredyt bank w sulechowie kredyt samochodowy dla nowo otwartych firm prywatne pozyczki na procent irlandia bocian pożyczki jakie dokumenty potrzebne meritum pożyczki do domu pożyczki prywatne dla zadłużonych ekspresowe pożyczki bez biku kredyty bez bik w sosnowcu zabezpieczenie pożyczki proz kredyt bank plac zbawiciela warszawa szybkie kredyty online bez bik kredyty bez bik do 10000 pożyczka prywatna białystok ogłoszenia kredyty bez bik w kaliszu kredyt bank mateusze kredyt bank bytom pożyczki gotówkowe ranking banków kredyt bank w bielsku podlaskim kredyt bank swift adres kredyt bank zagiel pożyczki chwilówki bez bik i zaświadczeń warszawa zdunska wola kredyt pod zastaw samochodu umorzenie pożyczki mieszkaniowej pracownikowi kredyt bank kalisz pułaskiego przekwalifikowanie pożyczki na kapitał kredyt mieszkaniowy bez marży kredyt bank pakiet zdobywcy kredyt w banku online umowa pożyczki między małżonkami kredyt mieszkaniowy w 2014 roku kredyty bez bik mielec trudne pozyczki poznan magdalena lis pożyczki kredyt mieszkaniowy praca za granica bank pko sa kredyt odnawialny kredyt z pierwsza pozyczka za darmo pożyczki radziejów flisak pożyczki opinie alior bank kredyt mieszkaniowy dyskretne pożyczki bocian pożyczki opinię przewalutowanie pożyczki różnice kursowe umowa pożyczki od osób fizycznych szybki kredyt online bez bik i krd kredyt bank liderzy biznesu pan stanislaw wzial kredyt w banku kredyty chwilówki kondratowicza pożyczki w spółce cywilnej pożyczki gotówkowe dla bezrobotnych kredyt bez bik kłodzko pozabankowe kredyty na mieszkanie kredyty chwilówki kierownik regionalny partner pożyczki piła pożyczki aleksandrów kujawski kredyty chwilowki piekary sl

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

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funny sayings

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad