jakie banki udzielają kredytów bez bik mikropożyczki świętokrzyskie kredyt obrotowy dla firm bez bik kalkulator kredytowy jelenia góra banki kredyt bank chojnice kontakt pożyczka na rente socjalną kredyty mieszkaniowe umowa na czas określony umowa pożyczki ang pożyczki na dowód multika zywiec kredyty bez bik szybkie pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik pozyczki bez biku online bocian pożyczki online bez biku kredyt w banku spółdzielczym a bik udzielenie pożyczki pkwiu pożyczki krótkoterminowe bilans pożyczki pod zastaw sprzętu rtv łódź pożyczki gotówkowe chwilówka kredyt bank ii oddział w warszawie przedawnienie pożyczki provident pożyczki z budżetu państwa kredyt samochodowy dla firm porównanie kredyt dla pracujących w czechach bank pko sa kredyt kalkulator pożyczki w domu klieta kołobrzeg pożyczki dla zadłużonych koszalin kredyt bank w uk pożyczki chwilówki jak otworzyć mariusz patrowicz pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny w getin bank kredyt mieszkaniowy spłata przed terminem kredyty chwilówka żywiec kredyt bank w kepnie pożyczki bez bik w domu klienta pożyczki w domu klienta wrocław kredyty chwilówki sp z oo kredyty bez bik chorzów sprzedaż kredyt banku luty 2012 kredyty mieszkaniowe warunki przyznania kredyt konsolidacyjny w pko bank polski mikropożyczki z unii europejskiej kredyt orange pożyczki na dowód bez zaświadczeń kłodzko kredyty w skok bez bik pożyczki mieszkaniowe dla pracowników pożyczki chwilówki trójmiasto kredyt bank lokata 10 pożyczki dla 19 latków przedłużenie spłaty pożyczki ekspres kasa kredyt bank lublin żagiel ul zana kredyt bank s a ul kasprzaka 2 8 pożyczki chwilówki przez internet dla bezrobotnych formularz pożyczki alior bank kredyt gotówkowy opinie pożyczki pozabankowe krasnystaw kredyt bank gorzów wlkp umorzenie odsetek od pożyczki księgowanie skarabeusz pożyczki ostrów wlkp kredyt konsolidacyjny citibank opinie getin bank kredyt samochodowy telefon poliso lokata w kredyt banku kredyt dla nowo otwartych firm bez bik oprocentowanie kredytu konsolidacyjnego pko bp w ktorym banku wziasc kredyt pożyczki prywatne bez bik warszawa umorzenie pożyczki pismo kredyt bank ostrowiec podatek od pożyczki koleżeńskiej kredyty pożyczki rzeszów pożyczki pozabankowe grójec symulacja kredytu gotówkowego bank pocztowy kredyt bez bik big krd umowa odnowienia pożyczki zaświadczenie o zarobkach pko bp kredyt mieszkaniowy gdzie najłatwiej dostać kredyt mieszkaniowy najtańsze pożyczki chwilówki ei global kredyty opinie pozyczki z obsługą domową warszawa pożyczki dla zadłużonych i bezrobotnych na dowód kredyt bez biku warszawa pożyczki chwilówki pruszków w jakim banku najlepiej brac kredyt na mieszkanie pożyczki 300 zł koszt umowy pożyczki u notariusza kredyt bank przeniesienie karty kredytowej pożyczki gierka odsetki od pożyczki cypr kredyt bank sa kontakt wniosek o udzielenie pożyczki z zakładu pracy kredyt bank pruszków kredyt bank jelenia góra wolności bank pekao sa kredyt studencki dokumenty adresy kredyt banku warszawa umowa pożyczki dla syna pożyczki marka bydgoszcz kredyt w banku komercyjnym optima pożyczki windykacja pożyczki chwilówki bez bik gdynia pożyczki w domu myszkow pożyczki chwilówki nowy sącz umowa pożyczki dla firmy wzór pożyczki pod zastaw wołomin kredyt bank kraków dietla godziny otwarcia kredyt bank w puławach udzielę pożyczki bez rejestrów oddział kredyt bank warszawa mokotów kredyty chwilówki kafeteria kredyt bank sa oddział w pile kredyt gotówkowy banku bph lublin mafia pozyczki kredyt bank 25 kredyty samochodowe getin bank jastrzębie zdrój prymus pożyczki pożyczki pl kod kredyt orange pożyczki online bez bik big krd kredyty chwilówki kraków długa ktory bank da kredyt mieszkaniowy dla zadluzonych pożyczki bez biku na telefon kredyt bank godziny otwarcia placówek kredyt bank warszawa chełmska godziny otwarcia pożyczki online w 15 minut bez bik kredyt bank tczew ul gdańska prestige pożyczki kredyt bez bik w płocku kredyt bank polecenie zapłaty kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyty zmiany w kredyt banku kredyt bank wypłaty z bankomatów bez prowizji kredyty chwilówki bielsko kredyty bez bik elblag pożyczki do domu warszawa bocian pożyczki wałbrzych kredyt bank warszawa ul marszałkowska kredyt bank oferta ror pożyczki asper umowa o kredyt wypełniony wzór kredyt bank jakie bankomaty czy latwo dostac kredyt w credit agricole najtańsze kredyty konsolidacyjne ranking pożyczki społecznościowe abis kredyt mieszkaniowy dla młodych małżeństw pko bp połączenie kredyt banku z bz wbk kredyt bank swidnica karta kredytowa splata pożyczki w banku ing pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości dla zadłużonych pożyczki gotówkowe bez wychodzenia z domu skarabeusz pożyczki ostrów wlkp pożyczki lubań umowa pożyczki minimalne oprocentowanie kredyt konsolidacyjny w santander microfinance pożyczki pozyczka pieniezna w irlandii kredyt bank koszalin pożyczki na dowód gdańsk bocian pożyczki pożyczki gotówkowe września szybki kredyt bez sprawdzania w bik kredyt bank fundusz global partners agerta holding pożyczki czy w skok stefczyka można wziąć kredyt bez bik kredyty chwilówki z zajęciami komorniczymi pożyczki bez bik świecie kredyty zamość bez bik kredyt bank zyrardow godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki rodzaje bocian pożyczki lublin oprocentowanie kredytów w banku spółdzielczym kredyt chwilówki starachowice fałszywa umowa pożyczki kredyty bez bik tarnowskie góry kredyt bank raport roczny 2010 gdzie kredyt bez bik zatrudnionych zagranica konsolidacja kredytu wbk santander consumer bank kredyty konsolidacyjne akt notarialny umorzenie pożyczki dla syna kredyt mieszkaniowy bank pocztowy forum kredyty konsolidacyjne kalkulator rat pozyczki na dowód bez dochodów opodatkowanie pożyczki od rodziny 2011 kredyt getin bank online pożyczki pozabankowe przez internet forum bocian pożyczki zarobki sprawdzone pożyczki pozabankowe forum kredyt bank ostróda godziny otwarcia pożyczki bez zdolności kredytowej warszawa pożyczki niskooprocentowane dla firm kredyt konsolidacyjny wcześniejsza spłata kredyt bank 50 za 500 quick cash pożyczki umorzenie pożyczki z nfośigw kredyty chwilówki ruda śląska kod kredytowy do orange pożyczki chwilówki od 20 lat pozyczka z obsluga w domu kredyt bank leszno godz otwarcia kredyt bank sprzedaż santander pożyczki na zasadach de minimis pożyczki bez zaświadczeń toruń umorzenie pożyczki przychód pożyczki bez bik i krd poznań pozyczki szczecin na zaswiadczenie o zarobkach umowa pożyczki w firmie kredyt konsolidacyjny db kredyt opinie umowa pożyczki na zakup samochodu kredyt konsolidacyjny bnp paribas kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator credit agricole pożyczki prywatnej udzielę pożyczka przez internet bez bik geting bank kredyt bank kredyty konsolidacyjne kredyty bez bik do 80000 kredyt bez bik ciechanów pożyczki pko pożyczki prywatne we włocławku kredyt w eurobanku na dowód auto kredyt bez bik ciechanów pożyczki z funduszu efs kredyt bank ul kasprzaka warszawa kredyt bank sa szczecin pcc od pożyczki od udziałowca 2013 kredyty parobankowe udzielajacy miesieczne raty pko kredyt mieszkaniowy forum kredyt bank konferencja pożyczki ratunkowe opole kredyt samochodowy w nordea bank kredyt mieszkaniowy dla singla 2014 kredyt bez bik w lesznie santander bank kredyt na mieszkanie udzielenie pożyczki bratu kredyt bank wroclaw plac solny pożyczka bez infomonitora kredyty chwilówki kondratowicza wzory umowy umowa pożyczki pieniężnej kredyt studencki pko bp 2012 kredyt pożyczka bez bik kredyt na pit bez biku pożyczki w domu wągrowiec kredyty chwilówki śląsk szybkie pożyczki kalisz pożyczki gotówkowe głogów pcc od pożyczki udzielonej spółce przez udziałowca pożyczki kokos kontakt kredyty chwilówki przez internet bez bik czy latwo dostac kredyt w banku pocztowym kredyty chwilówki miechów pożyczki prywatne na działalność gospodarczą kredyt samochodowy dla firmy cechy pożyczki jako czynności prawnej umorzenie pożyczki od rodziny umowa pożyczki sprawa cywilna skarabeusz chorzów pożyczka na dowód kredyt studencki w jakim banku kredyt w uk na samochod kredyt bank w grójcu pożyczki firmowe kredyt bank wikipedia kredyt studencki na mieszkanie lukas bank umowa w sprawie pożyczki z zfśs decyzja o umorzeniu pożyczki z zfśs wzór pożyczki dla zadłużonych opinie poręczenie pożyczki w pracy kredyt chwilówka gdansk pożyczki gotówkowe bz wbk bocian pożyczki oferta pożyczki przez internet bez bik kredyt bank przelicznik kredyt bankowy gdzie w bilansie konto junior w kredyt banku optima pożyczki warunki kredyt bank wypowiedzenie rachunku pożyczki prywatne zamość kredyty bez bik krakow wzór umowy pożyczki z żyrantem kredyt bank siedziby warszawa pożyczki pozabankowe 2000 vivus wysokość pożyczki została zmniejszona mikropożyczki dla najbiedniejszych pożyczki pomiędzy firmami pożyczki 500 zł pożyczki chwilówki przez internet opinie kredyt bank grudziądz godziny otwarcia kredyt konsolidacyjny ranking 2014 kredyt bank w lezajsku prywatne pożyczki pod zastaw wrocław kredyty konsolidacyjne wrocław idea bank kredyt online opinie forum dobrej pożyczki oprocentowanie pożyczki w pko sa kredyt bez biku gliwice umowa pożyczki pomiędzy spółką a osobą fizyczną kredyty mieszkaniowe dla osob pracujacych w uk kredyt bank reda oprocentowanie kredytu konsolidacyjnego alior bank kredyt bank rybnik godziny pozyczka na firme bez baz poznan pożyczka bez infomonitora umowa pożyczki kto składa pcc pożyczki dla hitlera mikropożyczki indie pożyczki na duży procent pozorna umowa pożyczki pożyczki w 15 minut online obliczanie pożyczki ing kredyt konsolidacyjny dla firm bez zabezpieczeń kredyt bank raporty bieżące pożyczki dla ludzi bez pracy kredyt w santander bank pożyczki chwilówki słupsk wojska polskiego kredyt bank lodz wolczanska pożyczki wewnętrzne kredyty pozabankowe pod zastaw szukam pożyczki prywatnej 2012 umowa pożyczki na zakup mieszkania szybka pozyczka 15 tysięcy kredyt bank wroclaw godziny otwarcia kredyty bez biku rzeszow kredyt bank wilanowska godziny otwarcia kredyt bank czynny warszawa kredyt bank opłata za listę haseł kredyty chwilówki franczyza pożyczki chwilówki bez zaświadczeń o dochodach kredyt bez biku na dowód kredyt bank miechów kredyty mieszkaniowe bez zdolności kredytowej meritum bank kredyt online pozyczki na dzialalnosc bez bik kredyt gotówkowy bez bik poznan pcc od pożyczki wspólnika spółki osobowej raport pożyczki jak obliczyć odsetki od umowy pożyczki kredyt mieszkaniowy warunki otrzymania kredyty bez bik bytom czy można wziąć pożyczkę na prawo jazdy pozyczki na oswiadczenie o dochodach skok kozienice pożyczki przekształcenie pożyczki w darowiznę kredyt w banku ślaskim pożyczki dla przedsiębiorstw kredyt studencki pekao najtańsze pożyczki chwilówki bocian pożyczki inowrocław pożyczki bez weryfikacji w bik sprzedaż kredyt banku 2012 kredyt lloyds uk 2014 gdzie można dostać kredyt bez bik getin bank jastrzębie zdrój kredyty samochodowe fax lubin pożyczki pozabankowe pożyczki bocian szczecinek kredyt mieszkaniowy można odliczyć od podatku kredyt bank zaświadczenie o zarobkach kredyt bank oprocentowanie kart kredytowych pożyczki bez zaświadczeń bik i krd umowa pożyczki od spółki kredyt w euro banki bocian pożyczki świecie pożyczki pod zastaw polisy kredyt bank zablokowany token kredyt mieszkaniowy w alior banku opinie tani kredyt konsolidacyjny bez bik jak zawiesić kredyt w getin banku kredyt bank jana pawła stara miłosna kredyt mieszkaniowy wczesniejsza splata kredyt w paribas bank opinie kredyt ze wsparciem unijnym idea bank forum kredyt bank w slupsku pozyczki dla kazdego 48 kredyt bank obotrycka gorzów kredyty bez bik jaki bank kredyty chwilówki kariera pro domo pożyczki praca jak zawiesić kredyt w getin banku kredyt bank dm pożyczki chwilówki inowrocław kredyt bank dąbrowskiego 129 kredyt z zajęciem komorniczym mikropożyczki indie kredyt konsolidacyjny getin bank kalkulator optima pożyczki gdańsk jaki jest kod na kredyt z orange pko bp kredyt mieszkaniowy forum kredyt bank praca olsztyn prodomo pożyczki podlaskie pożyczki dla zadłużonych bez dochodu dlugoterminowe pozyczki pod zastaw pożyczki dla firm bez dochodu kredyt bank wejherowo godziny otwarcia przelewy w kredyt banku godziny getin zawiesić na rok kredyt kredyty konsolidacyjne kredyty komornicy pożyczka prywatna dla wspólnot mieszkaniowych co to znaczy kredyt bez bik pożyczki zła historia kredytowa optima pożyczki kalisz pożyczki prywatne ostrów wlkp kredyty gotówkowe pożyczki bez bik wycena pożyczki w walucie na dzień bilansowy oprocentowanie kredytu mieszkaniowego pko pożyczki od prywatnej osoby pożyczki chwilówki bielsk podlaski panda pożyczki opinie pozyczka banknot kredyt konsolidacyjny wady i zalety raport pożyczki pożyczki dla osób z zajęciem komorniczym pożyczki pozabankowe wawa pożyczka dla zadłużonych w big puławy umowa pożyczki śmierć pożyczkobiorcy pożyczki lubin pożyczki dla lekarzy pożyczki na dowód świdnica kredyty konsolidacyjne 2012 kredyt mieszkaniowy jaki bank piła kredyty bez bik bankowe kredyt bank plewiska mti pożyczki kredyty typu chwilówka nowa sól kredyt gotówkowy eurobank reklama optima pożyczki zielona góra kredyty bez biku bytom pożyczki bez sprawdzania krd i bik umowa pożyczki kto płaci podatek pożyczki prywatne mińsk mazowiecki kredyt bank nr bic jak zaksięgować kredyt na rachunku bankowym kredyt bez bik co to znaczy kredyt mieszkaniowy w pko oprocentowanie pozyczki poza bankowe w kluczborku kredyt bank wpłata na konto umowa pożyczki z firmą kredyt w bos bank knf pożyczki kredyty mieszkaniowe dopłaty państwa pożyczki chwilówki na dowód rzeszów kredyty mieszkaniowe współpraca kredyt bez bik na zaswiadczenie kalkulator rat kredytu pożyczki kredyt na mieszkanie bank millenium pożyczki wałbrzych na umowe zlecenie kredyt bank warszawa gocław kredyt idea bank online kredyt bank deutschland umowa pożyczki gotówkowej pod zastaw samochodu kredyt konsolidacyjny z poręczycielem bocian pozyczki dla zadluzonych kalkulator pożyczki gotówkowej getin bank pozyczki bez zaswiadczen chrzanow pożyczki umowy kredyt na oddłużenia kredyt bank rating kredyty bankowe konto wynikowe kredyt bez bik w 5 minut kredyt na dowód przez internet bez biku kalkulator odsetkowy pożyczek miszkaniowych z zfŚs kredyt bank bemowo kredyt konsolidacyjny dla zadłużonych z komornikiem kredyty bez bik pabianice pożyczki na dowód mbank kredyt bank w częstochowie pożyczki dla mikrofirm kredyty samochodowe ing umowa pożyczki opłata notarialna ubezpieczenie kredytu w fm banku kredyt bez bik 4000 kredyt bank grodzka szczecin kredyt bank łódź ul zgierska kredyt bank 24 kb pożyczki optima kontakt kredyty na dowod mielec na jaki nr wziąć kredyt w orange polecana pozyczka w systemie ratalnym bez bik kredyt w uk forum alior bank kredyt bez bik pozyczki od osob prywatnych w bialymstoku kredyt mieszkaniowy walutowy kalkulator kredyty chwilówki tvn pożyczki bez bik lubin pożyczki gotówkowe do 7000 kredyt bank metro politechnika kredyt w aig bank jak wziasc kredyt do domu klienta na dowód pożyczki dla zadłużonych zielona góra pożyczki bez granic siemianowice śląskie kredyt konsolidacyjny getin bank kalkulator kredyty chwilówki spółka z oo kredyty bez biku dla firm partner pożyczki warszawa kredyty chwilówki zamość wzór umorzenia pożyczki pożyczki prywatne na podkarpaciu kredyt w pko sa forum pożyczki bez bik ełk kredyt bank kraków ul królewska 55 pożyczki bez bik i krd z zajęciem komorniczym kredyt bank strzegomska godziny otwarcia kredyt konsolidacyjny co to takiego odsetki od pożyczki nkup szybkie pożyczki bez prowizji firmy udzielające pożyczki bez bik kredyt bank bialystok mickiewicza kredyt bank centrum handlowe warszawa

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad