kredyty chwilówki ełk kredyt w banku spółdzielczym bez bik kredyt konsolidacyjny w lukas banku kredyt bank kościuszki kielce pożyczki ratunkowe opole nie oddaje pożyczki pożyczki prywatne zamość kredyt bank dla firm kredyt bez bik do 50 tys kredyt bank dyrekcja kredyt bez weryfikacji w biku kredyt bez bik 25000 kalkulator kredytu mieszkaniowego pko sa pożyczki dla młodych małżeństw potrącenia pożyczki mieszkaniowej wypowiedzenie umowy pożyczki przez pożyczkobiorcę kredyt na mieszkanie getin bank profile w kredyt banku szybka pozyczka bez zaswiadczen tylko na dowod grojec kredyt chwilówki zielona góra kredyt bank świebodzin kontakt kredyt pozabankowy 30000 pożyczki na kopalni wniosek o udzielenie kredytu studenckiego pko sa kredyt bank adres główny pożyczki bez rejestrów pozyczki od ręki mława kredyt konsolidacyjny zwrot odsetek kalkulator kredytu gotówkowego bank spółdzielczy wniosek o kredyt w banku pocztowym szukam osoby do wziecia kredytu ostrow wlkp pożyczki bez bik 5000 bocian pożyczki biała podlaska banki udzielajace kredyt na pit krakow kredyt gotówkowy pozabankowe kredyt bank awaria systemu kredyt bank łączy się kredyty online bez bik kredyty chwilowki w lodzi tani kredyt samochodowy forum kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zdolności kredytowej forum kredyt bank karta kredytowa student księgowanie pożyczki na wyprzedzające finansowanie pożyczki chwilówki jak to działa ekspresowe pożyczki bez bik pożyczki chwilówki oświęcim kredyt bez bik w skok pożyczki na dowód rybnik kredyty samochodiwe uk kredyt bank pko kalkulator kredyt bank sa oddzial lublin szybkie pożyczki online forum pożyczki bez bik zakopane kredyt bez bik jastrzebie oszuści pożyczki prywatne kredyt bank sprzedaż nieruchomości pożyczki koło optima pożyczki malbork kredyt bank rumia janowo pożyczki online bez wychodzenia z domu kredyt w fortis bank kredyt bez bik w płocku kod orange kredyt kredyt konsolidacyjny wymagane dokumenty umorzenie pożyczki zakładowej pożyczki bez bik rypin kredyt konsolidacyjny a śmierć kredyt bez historii w bik umowe zlecenie warszawa kredyt bank legionowo kontakt kredyt bank białystok mickiewicza 50 wyłudzenie pożyczki kk kredyt mieszkaniowy dla singli bez wkładu pożyczki na dowód debica umowa podporządkowania pożyczki pożyczki bez bik zamość pożyczki cent kredyt chwilówka warunki banki kredyt mieszkanie dla młodych niezgłoszenie umowy pożyczki definicja pożyczki bankowej kredyt bank warszawa nowy świat pożyczki unijne małopolska helikon pożyczki opinie kredyty chwilówki grudziądz kod kredytu w orange kredyt bankowy i jego cechy kredyt bankowy porównanie pożyczki pozabankowe w bełchatowie kredyt konsolidacyjny a wydatki na cele mieszkaniowe pożyczki unijne na rozpoczęcie działalności druk wniosek o udzielenie pożyczki pkzp kredyty chwilówki uwaga pożyczki włocławek bez bik kredyt bank sokółka telefon kredyt bank lista placówek kredyt samochodowy jaki bank wybrać odsetki od pożyczki podatek oświadczenie o otrzymaniu pożyczki kredyty konsolidacyjne pozabankowe pożyczki pozabankowe do 20000 kredyt bank w rawie mazowieckiej kredyty samochodowe bank zachodni pozyczki bez bik ciechanow kredyty bez biku gdańsk pozyczki na weksel u klienta w domu mazowieckie kredyt gotówkowy w raiffeisen bank bocian pożyczki wniosek online kredyt gotowkowy bez bik i zaswiadczen tani kredyt pozabankowy pożyczki gotówkowe rybnik pozyczki internetowe bez sprawdzania bik i krs kredyt bank warszawa ursus kredyty chwilówki na dowód wrocław pożyczki unijne dla małych firm podkarpacie niespłacenie pożyczki w providencie pożyczki pozabankowe oferty kredyt konsolidacyjny dla zadłużonych bydgoszcz kredyt bank kod pożyczki bez bik 2012 pożyczki wieruszów feniks słupsk kredyty pozyczki gotuwkoiwe prywatne firmy przedawnienie pożyczki od osoby prywatnej kredyt studencki w pko bp forum konsolidacja kredytu mbank nowość pożyczki do domu bocian pożyczki podobne kredyt konsolidacyjny a umowa zlecenie oferta pożyczki ing kredyt konsolidacyjny w pko bp forum pożyczki w lukas bank kredyty chwilówki gredan kredyt samochodowy ranking listopad 2013 kredyt bankowy w rachunku bieżącym jest kredyty bez bik erif krd idea bank kredyt na start opinie 2012 kredyt konsolidacyjny w kruk kredyt w getin banku kalkulator kredyt bank warszawa al krakowska ktory bank da kredyt bez bik kredyt bank lipowa 4 białystok pożyczki filarum pożyczki kokos opinie kredyt chwilówka grochowska kredyt bez bik getin bank kredyty bez bik na dlugi okres splat inowroclaw pożyczki marka bydgoszcz kredyt bank ekstralokum pożyczki grójec pożyczki bez krd szczecin dorota król pożyczki umowa pożyczki między firmą a osobą fizyczną kredyt na mieszkanie bank pekao pożyczki dla przedsiębiorców mazowieckie pożyczki z funduszy mikro kredyt bank oddział warszawa kondratowicza umowa pożyczki cesja getin noble bank zdrowy kredyt gdzie po kredyt bez bik kredyty chwilowki pruszcz gdanski kredyt bank kurs akcji pożyczki z obsługą domową pożyczki dolnośląskie gazeta prawna pożyczki szybkie pożyczki na dowód kraków kalkulator kredytu mieszkaniowego pko sa proste pożyczki bez bik kredyt bank w pruszczu gdańskim pożyczki akcess zyrafa pozyczki kredyt bank nowy świat kredyty chwilówki miechów kod kredytu do orange gdzie najłatwiej dostać kredyt bez bik kredyt bank gdynia starowiejska godziny otwarcia kredyt bank łaczy sie umowa pożyczki między osobami fizycznymi wzór kredyty bez bik ostrowiec sw pożyczki czechowice kredyt bank sosnowiec godziny otwarcia kredyty pożyczki legionowo bocian pożyczki poznań kredyt bankowy obrotowy kredyt bez bik i zaswiadczen o zarobkach kredyt bank zagiel kontakt pozyczki deblin bez bik millenium bank kredyt na mieszkanie kredyt bez biku w 15 minut w którym banku kredyt gotówkowy pożyczki ala provident kredyt bank piotrków godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki odzyskanie pieniędzy najtanszy kredyt w banku potwierdzenie udzielenia pożyczki kredyt bank sosnowiec kontakt kredyty bez umowy praca optima pozyczki lodz forum kredyt bank payu bocian pożyczki łódź praca pozyczki z komornikiem miedzyrzec podlaski szybkie pożyczki bez sprawdzania w bik kredyt bank łódź oddziały pozyczki bez bik wloclawek pożyczki gotówkowe dla zadłużonych z komornikiem kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator rat pko pożyczki profi credit kod o kredyt w orange kredyty na dowod radomsko kredyt konsolidacyjny do jakiego wieku w jakim banku najłatwiej dostać kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyt bank olsztyn kontakt pozyczki konin kredyty na dowod pożyczki bez bik śląskie kredyty chwilówki tarnów bema kredyt bank podstawowe informacje pozyczka z up dla pracujacych pożyczki gotówkowe suwałki umowa pożyczki kwoty pieniężnej oddziały kredyt banku w białymstoku kredyty chwilowki w lodzi kredyt bank w mińsku mazowieckim 18lat na dowod kredyt olsztyn kredyt w banku promocja pożyczki kredyt mieszkaniowy w uk kalkulator pożyczka bez infomonitora kredyty mieszkaniowe dla pracujacych za granica pożyczki prabuty pożyczki na inwestycje pozyczki na dowod ketrzyn kredyt bank wizja lokalna kredyt bez bik koszalin pożyczki w 15 minut bez bik kredyt bank kariera praca umowa pożyczki pcc 2013 kredyty banki ranking gdzie kredyt konsolidacyjny bez bik pożyczki dla zadłużonych w krd pożyczki bez bik i zdolności kredytowej kredyt bank kalisz górnośląska godziny otwarcia obliczanie odsetek od pożyczki kalkulator kredyt bank warszawa ursynów pożyczki pozabankowe kołobrzeg pożyczki pozabankowe włocławek agerta holding pożyczki kredyty chwilówki boguszowice pożyczki ze złą historią kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim singiel oprocentowanie kredytu obrotowego idea bank szybkie pożyczki w domu klienta skarabeusz pożyczki wniosek pozyczki na dowód kraków kredyt studencki w jakim banku 2011 ekstra kredyty chwilowki umowa pożyczki bez weksla posrednictwo kredyty chwilowki kredyt bank ubezpieczenie mieszkania przedawnienie roszczeń z umowy pożyczki bankowej pożyczki umowa o dzieło pożyczki pod zastaw konin kredyt bank chuck norris kredyt bank łomianki pożyczki bez bik dla zadłużonych gdzie po pozyczke bez bik 50000 kredyt bank raport roczny 2011 kredyt idea bank oprocentowanie podstawa opodatkowania umowy pożyczki pożyczki złotów ale po za bankowe kredyt konsolidacyjny reklama kredyt bank pensja umowa pożyczki pisemna konsekwencje podatkowe pożyczki cesja pożyczki a pcc kredyt pozabankowy na dowód kredyt bank grunwaldzka gdańsk kredyt mieszkaniowy dla lekarzy umorzenie pożyczki zakładowej optima pożyczki program partnerski kredyt pozabankowy na raty pożyczki pod zastaw kwidzyn pożyczki bez zaświadczeń o zarobkach wroclaw pożyczki bez zaświadczeń rzeszów santander kredyt ratalny a bik pożyczki przez internet dla firmy czy kredyt bankowy jest kosztem jak odmówić pożyczki udzielę pożyczki prywatnej pod weksel pożyczki online bez bik ranking najlepsze banki po duzy kredyt kredyt z dofinansowaniem unijnym idea bank opinie pożyczki bez bik i poręczycieli cechy pozyczki umowa pożyczki pieniędzy opodatkowanie pożyczki ekspresowe bocian pożyczki poza bankowe turek kredyty przez internet bez bik i krd kredyt bank żywiec godziny pracy kredyt bank awaria kredyty mieszkaniowe w pko bp opinie kredyt bank zielona góra adres pożyczki bez bik kalisz kredyt bank 24 login obliczanie rat pożyczki pko sprzedaż kredyt banku forum czy kredyty chwilówki sprawdzają bik kredyty chwilówki system partner pl kredyt bank w lipnie lukas bank kalkulator kredytu konsolidacyjnego kredyt konsolidacyjny online business consulting pożyczki kredyt pozabankowy od reki kredyt na samochód dla firm bez bik kredyt bank rawicz telefon kredyt w ing bank śląski forum kredyt w banku gdzie najtaniej kredyt bez bik rawicz druk umowy pożyczki gotówkowej opole pożyczka bez dochodów kredyt bank godziny otwarcia sobota kredyt bank zachodni wbk kredyt konsolidacyjny słownik kredyt konsolidacyjny w ge money bank kredyty chwilowki pl bez bik kredyt konsolidacyjny idea bank kredyty chwilówki partner logowanie kredyty chwilówki pit pozyczki pozabankowe katowice bez meldunku kredyt bank sa leszno kredyt zagraniczny opinie kredyt bank koszalin godziny otwarcia kredyt bank włodawa kontakt kredyt bez bik do 10000 zł kredyt bank lomza dworna kredyt gotówkowy w idea bank opinie kredyty chwilówki biznes pożyczki osobiste kredyt bank radzymińska białystok kredyt przez internet bez biku i krd kredyt bank oprocentowanie rachunku oszczędnościowego kredyt bank w olkuszu kredyt bank grójecka mikserek pożyczki pożyczki pozabankowe świecie kredyty i pożyczki jst kredyt bank sieradz bankomaty pożyczki na dowód świdnica najnowsze pożyczki bez biku pożyczki na dowód stargard szczeciński pożyczki pod zastaw zgierz bocian pożyczki przemyśl pożyczki społecznościowe smava mikropożyczki w polsce pożyczki bez bik ranking udzielę pożyczki na procent szczecin pożyczki gotówkowe promocje zmiana warunków pożyczki bocian pożyczki provident pozyczka onlain lubuskie szybkie pożyczki bez bik big i krd odsetki od pożyczki podatek u źródła kredyt bank ilawa kredyt bank krakow godziny otwarcia kredyt bankowy a pożyczka różnice kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyt bank lokaty strukturyzowane kredyty bez bik lodz kredyt bank chrzanów telefon kredyt konsolidacyjny z windykacją marka pozyczki ketrzyn open finance krakow pozyczki poza bankowe pożyczki z budżetu państwa pożyczki gdańska 69 bydgoszcz pożyczki bez bik bydgoszcz kredyt bank w gorzowie kredyt bank w sanoku kredyt bank wrocław telefon kod na kredyt z orange bocian pożyczki opinie praca w jakim banku opłaca się wziąć kredyt kredyt na auto bez bik pożyczki pozabankowe w warszawie pożyczki chwilówki na dowód warszawa pożyczki ze środków unijnych pożyczki bez bik opole kredyt konsolidacyjny symulacja rat gus pożyczki kredyt w uk na dom pożyczki nbp pożyczki tax care pożyczki bez zaświadczeń gdańsk skarabeusz pożyczki wieluń pewny kredyt bez biku umowa pożyczki od brata kredyty bankowe praca dyplomowa kredyt bank w prabutach pożyczki bez zaświadczeń lublin kredyt chwilowka w przeźmierowie pożyczki bez sprawdzania historii kredytowej kredyt bankowy mieszkaniowy rafał kania pożyczki kredyt na dowód przez internet bez biku pożyczki kruk kredyt bank msp kredyty chwilówki internetowe oprocentowanie pożyczki bankowej pożyczki dla bezrobotnych na działalność kredyt bank w czechach przedawnienie pożyczki provident kredyt samochodowy w getin noble bank jak zaksięgować kredyt w rachunku bankowym kredyty bez bik 5000 pozyczka na weksel zgorzelec getin bank pożyczki chwilówki kredyt konsolidacyjny fortis kredyt pozabankowy bez bik krd darmowy kredyt na sam dowod bez zaswiadczen szybkie pożyczki przez internet od 19 lat pozyczka na dowod bez zaswiadczen nowy sacz optima pożyczki częstochowa open finance kredyt konsolidacyjny bez bik pożyczki pod weksel bez przedpłat pożyczki chwilówki w częstochowie pożyczki na dowód toruń przelew internetowy amortyzacja pożyczki kredyty chwilówki piekary kredyt bank warszawa tel kredyt samochodowy lukas bank pożyczki prywatne pod zastaw warszawa kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator bank spółdzielczy kredyty chwilówki polkowice najkorzystniejszy kredyt konsolidacyjny 2012 czy vivus udziela pożyczek zadluzonym kredyt studencki w pko bp sa pożyczki dla firm bez big bocian pożyczki reklama wzór umowy pożyczki osoby fizyczne pożyczki nowe pożyczki gotówkowe na dowud bez biku uznanie pożyczki pozyczka domowka warszawa optima pożyczki praca opinie mikropożyczki starachowice kredyty chwilówki biznes prywatne kredyty staszow kredyt bank łódź bednarska godziny otwarcia pożyczki pozabankowe wolsztyn unicredit pożyczki pożyczki gotówkowe kluczbork szukam pożyczki dla firmy kredyt rodzina na swoim w banku pocztowym opinie kredyt bank jędrzejów kredyt gotówkowy w getin banku forum kredyt bank sa numer swift konwersja pożyczki na kapitał zakładowy wzór kredyt konsolidacyjny w eurobank cesja pożyczki pcc lublin spłaty komornika pozyczki kredyt bank plac powstańców warszawy 2 spółka udziela pożyczki prezesowi warunki umorzenia pożyczki z wfośigw zasady kredytu studenckiego w pko bp pożyczki zaciągane przez państwo pożyczki wałbrzych na umowe zlecenie kredyt konsolidacyjny banku bph umowa pożyczki przykłady bocian pożyczki braniewo dyskonto pożyczki bocian pożyczki piotrków trybunalski kredyty bez bik w gdyni kod na kredyt do orange bank pko bp kredyt rodzina na swoim kredyt bez bik wrocław pożyczki marka oprocentowanie pożyczki w getin banku kredyt konsolidacyjny czy sie oplaca pożyczki pozabankowe w pile nowe pozyczki pożyczki chwilówki wrocław pożyczka pod weksel prywatna pożyczki dla bezrobotnych w zgierzu kredyt bank skoczów kontakt kredyty gotówkowe bez bik warszawa kredyt pozabankowy 10 tys kredyt bank w łomiankach pcc od pożyczki wspólnika dla spółki kredyt samochodowy ranking czerwiec 2012 jak wyliczyć odsetki od pożyczki z zfśs kredyt bank lubartów idea bank kredyt obrotowy oprocentowanie pożyczki krótkoterminowe w uk kredyty chwilówki grajewo kredyt samochodowy dla policjantów pożyczki plus kredyt samochodowy jaki bank wybrać pożyczki pod zastaw częstochowa kredyt bez bik na oświadczenie kredyt bank chojnice kościuszki drobne pożyczki przez internet wzór umowy pożyczki pod zastaw auta kredyty konsolidacyjne wrocław

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad