udzielę prywatnej pożyczki rzeszów kredyt bez bik i krd z komornikiem kredyt dla firm bez bik zus kredyty chwilówki akcja znicz pożyczki kontakt pożyczki chwilówki pomorskie kredyt konsolidacyjny alior bank forum credit agricole pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt bank maków mazowiecki godziny otwarcia pożyczki gotówkowe lubin wycena pożyczki w walucie kto udzieli pożyczki pozabankowej kredyty bez bik big finan pożyczki wrocław kredyt bez bik dla firmy kredyt bank fundusz nieruchomosci ii fiz pożyczki chwilówki w domu kredyt bez bik szamotuły kredyt bank warszawa chmielna kredyt konsolidacyjny bnp paribas opinie kredyt mieszkaniowy oblicz raty kredyt bank archiwum kursów walut pożyczki pozabankowe bochnia kredyty i pożyczki w uk umowa pożyczki prawo cywilne pożyczki dla firm forum definicja pożyczki bankowej opinie dobrej pożyczki kod na kredyt z orange kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim dla kogo kalkulator odsetek od pożyczki zfśs kredyty chwilowki windykatorzy kokosy pożyczki kredyt bank krolewska krakow kredyt bank płock godziny otwarcia kredyt bank sa gorzów wlkp kredyt bank sieradz bankomaty kredyt bank konto ekstra oszczędnościowe pro domo pożyczki praca kredyty chwilówki dg umowa pożyczki w walucie obcej pożyczki skarabeusz podkarpacie pozyczka pod zabezpieczenie weksla bialystok kredyt bez bik tarnów kredyt samochodowy bez bik i big pożyczki żnin kredyt konsolidacyjny jak dostać ekspresowe pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt bank sesje bankowe umowa pożyczki pomiędzy osobą fizyczną a spółką pożyczki dla każdego bez bik kredyty mieszkaniowe od 2014 roku pożyczki od osób prywatnych wałbrzych kredyt na mieszkanie bez banku kredyt bankowy porównanie kredyt bank lokata forum w jakim banku najłatwiej wziasc kredyt pozyczka chwilowka bez krdbikbig przeterminowanie pożyczki kredyt bank janów lubelski kontakt przeniesienie pożyczki do innego banku pozyczki inne niz prowident kredyt bank kolobrzeska umowa pożyczki z członkiem zarządu wzór kredyt bez bik do 2000 obliczanie rat pożyczki pko kredyty pożyczki bez sprawdzania w bik umowa pożyczki między osobami fizycznymi a pcc kredyt konsolidacyjny encyklopedia kredyt bank lokaty strukturyzowane kredyty pożyczki dla zadłużonych kredyt bank zana lublin godziny otwarcia alior bank kredyt samochodowy forum pożyczki pozabankowe rzeszów pożyczki bez zbędnych formalności pożyczki bez bik 6000 kredyt bez bik i zaswiadczen o dochodach szybkie pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik kredyt 5 zł orange pop kredyt mieszkaniowy w banku bgz pożyczki lichwa kredyt banki mikołów kredyty chwilówki zdjęcia pożyczki bez bik big krd online pożyczki w banku pocztowym kredyt bank zachodni wbk pożyczki bez bik bez krd kronos pożyczki tychy kontakt umowa pożyczki 2013 kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim warunki przyznania kredyt w eurobanku opinie 2013 pożyczki pozabankowe tomaszów mazowiecki kalkulator dobrej pożyczki kredyty bez bik w kaliszu kredyt gotówkowy w idea bank opinie kredyty chwilówki boguszowice bankomaty kredyt banku w gdańsku kredyt konsolidacyjny bez badania zdolności kredyt bez bik rawicz kredyt bank marki obliczenie rat pożyczki kredyt bank legionowo tel kredyt bank praca szczecin pożyczki prywatne oszuści pożyczki prywatne oprocentowanie promax pożyczki kredyty w alior bank opinie kredyty pozabankowe oświęcim pożyczki na dowód jawor pożyczki pozabankowe chodzież kredyt bank olsztyn żołnierska godziny otwarcia kredyty na umowe na czas okreslony pożyczki krasnystaw kredyt bank bz wbk fuzja pożyczki favore kredyt bank banco santander kredyt wspólnoty mieszkaniowej dpg pożyczki pożyczki bez bik staszów kredyt konsumencki banki spłata pożyczki od rodziny kredyt mieszkaniowy najtańszy forum kredyty bankowe oferty kredyt bank lublin zana 39a pożyczki 15 minut pożyczki gros kalisz kredyt bank zytnia warszawa kredyty chwilówki skoczów kredyty chwilówki praca kierowca kredyty chwilówki warszawa ochota pożyczki pozabankowe kościerzyna kredyt bank w radości szybkie pożyczki online uk pożyczki chwilówki pleszew kredyt konsolidacyjny w citibank umowa pożyczki od siostry kredyty bez biku wałbrzych kredyt konsolidacyjny zdolność kredyt bank zgubiona karta kredyt bank częstochowa piłsudskiego kontakt kredyt pozabankowy gdansk nieuczciwe pożyczki kredyty pozabankowe 20000 pożyczki gotówkowe płock pożyczki bez bik do 50000 podatek od pożyczki koleżeńskiej pożyczki bez bik krd w jakim banku dostane kredyt na dowod kredyt na umowę zlecenie w banku pocztowym pożyczki i chwilówki do jakiego wieku kredyt w banku umowa pożyczki rejestracja w urzędzie skarbowym kredyt bank wawa kredyt konsolidacyjny w banku bgż kredyty chwilówki starogard gdański bocian pożyczki tarnobrzeg kredyty chwilówki koscierzyna pożyczki udzielane przez gminy kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator rat pko pożyczki bez bik i krd z zajęciem komorniczym pozyczki w domu klienta kluczbork elementy umowy kredytowej wg prawa bankowego pożyczki urząd skarbowy pożyczki od osób prywatnych tarnów sesje przychodzące w kredyt banku kredyt bank poznan krauthofera kredyt w banku nordea opinie kredyt pod zastaw auta bez bik bank światowy pożyczki dla polski umowa pożyczki wzór doc pożyczki bez bik gdańsk ei global kredyty opinie pożyczki bez bik z komornikiem kredyt dla małej firmy bez bik kredyt mieszkaniowy dla singli kredyt bank w borku wlkp udziele pożyczki prywatnie kredyty chwilówki lublin kredyt bez bik na telefon kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator rat kredyty bez biku bielsko biała wzory dokumentów pożyczki kredyty chwilówki przedłużenie kredyt bankowy wiem kredyt w banku oblicz pożyczki pozabankowe dla bezrobotnych pożyczki gotówkowe ciechanów łukta pożyczki kredyt na mieszkanie kalkulator zdolności kredytowej umorzenie pożyczki pracownikowi a zus pożyczki pozabankowe na pit oprocentowanie kredytu studenckiego pko sa na czym polega umowa pożyczki kredyt rns getin bank opinie pożyczki gotówkowe dla rolników warszawa kredyt bank lubartów telefon nielegalne pozyczki online kredyt z orange na jaki numer umowa pożyczki wzór osoby fizyczne kredyt bank kierownik bocian pożyczki piotrków trybunalski kredyt bank lista bezpłatnych bankomatów kredyt bez bik w krakowie optima pożyczki na dowód kredyt pozabankowy opinie kredyt z banku pocztowego kredyty bez biku kredyt eurobank na dowód kredyty chwilówki praca warszawa kredyt bez bik grojec odsetki od pożyczki obliczenie kredyty bez bik dla zadłużonych łódź szybka pożyczki dla zadłużonych kredyty bez bik biała podlaska bocian pożyczki żnin pożyczki dla małych firm na start kredyt bank w częstochowie skarabeusz chorzów pożyczka na dowód pożyczki na dowód kościan odsetki od pożyczki kurs kredyt w banku dla zadłużonych kredyt eurobank opinie kredyt bez bik i krd bolesławiec kredyt gotówkowy getin bank forum eurofin pożyczki kredyt samochodowy dla mundurowych pozyczki pozabankowe kartuzy kredyt bank pultusk kredyt w banku pocztowym dla funkcjonariuszy pożyczki z urzędów pracy kredyt bez bik millenium kredyt chwilówka od 18 lat kredyt bank poznań dąbrowskiego godziny otwarcia pożyczki gotówkowe szybko szukam pożyczki dla firmy niespłacone pożyczki z zfśs pozyczki mikrokasa opinie pożyczki w ramach grupy kapitałowej pożyczki gotówkowe w domu w jakim banku kredyt online kredyt bank w otwocku kredyt bank lokata ubezpieczeniowa pożyczki chwilówki skok stefczyka kredyt bank lokaty walutowe kredyt bank radość kredyt bank warszawa abrahama 18 umowa pożyczki spółce z o o wzór kredyt bank bankomaty darmowe umowa pożyczki z firmy pożyczki chwilówki w bydgoszczy kredyt konsolidacyjny bankier w jakim banku najkorzystniej wziąć kredyt kredyt studencki pko bp wymagane dokumenty kredyty pozabankowe tczew kredyty chwilówki dębica pożyczki umowa zlecenie kredyt konsolidacyjny korzyści kredyty chwilówki inowrocław zabezpieczenie pożyczki wekslem kredyt bank spółdzielczy forum kalkulator wierzytelności kredytu kredyty chwilowki dabrowa gornicza szybkie pożyczki śląskie pożyczki długoterminowe na dowód pożyczka z obsługą w domu kredyt bank zabrze godziny otwarcia kredyt bank dyrektor regionalny kredyty pożyczki gwarancje bankowe kredyt bank gold metal z tytułu pożyczki kredyty bankowe ranking kredyt samochodowy bez zaświadczeń forum kredyty bez biku na oświadczenie firma uzyskała kredyt w banku kredyt odnawialny w banku wbk pożyczki do domu legnica kredyt bank w żyrardowie kredyty mieszkaniowe pojęcie kredyt bank sa address przedawnienie odsetek od pożyczki odsetki od pożyczki kup alior bank kredyt samochodowy kontakt bocian pożyczki radom kredyty chwilówki pracownicy kredyt bank przedłużona gwarancja kredyt gotówkowy bank pko sa kredyt w ulster banku uk szybkie pożyczki gotówkowe dla zadłużonych kredyt bankowy książka kredyt bank rawa mazowiecka doradcy24 pożyczki kredyty mieszkaniowe na 100 wartości nieruchomości warta pozyczki bocian pożyczki podobne konwersja pożyczki na kapitał cit pokwitowanie odbioru spłaty pożyczki weryfikacja kredytow tempo finanse kredyt na dowód przez internet bez biku kredyt bank profit plan kredyt gotówkowy credit agricole oprocentowanie kredyt bank hel pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości gdynia mam długi potrzebuje pozyczki opole lubelskie kredyt konsolidacyjny pko sa opinie kredyt konsolidacyjny wcześniejsza spłata parabanki i pozyczki pozabankowe od zaraz warta pozyczki optima pożyczki inowrocław kredyt bank parkiet forum pożyczki pod zastaw samochodów poznań w jakim banku wziąć kredyt opinie szybki kredyt 5 tys niski procent opolskie jakie odsetki od pożyczki udziałowca kredyt mieszkaniowy zdolność kalkulator kredyty dla zadluzonych w biku poznan kredyty chwilówki czeladź pożyczki gotówkowe na 10 lat kredyty santander consumer bank kredyt konsolidacyjny koszty pożyczki na otwarcie działalności umorzenie pożyczki w wpf umowa pożyczki a skutki podatkowe kredyt bez bik 40000 pozyczki placówki w pabianicach pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik szczecin kredyt mieszkaniowy zmiany 2013 pożyczki kapitał ludzki kredyt bez bik oświęcim szybkie pożyczki bez bik i krd kredyt pozabankowy na mieszkanie szczecin pożyczki blog prywatna pozyczka w bialymstoku kredyty skok stefczyka kredyt chwilówki żary kredyty chwilowki lask pożyczki na dowód pko udzielam pożyczki prywatnej dobry kredyt bez bik pozyczka typu providen euro cen bocian kredyt na dowód przez internet bez biku pożyczki z tygodniowa rata pożyczki pod zastaw niruchomości pomorskie gdzie dają pożyczki na dowód umowa pożyczki kto płaci podatek kredyt bank oferta lokat skarabeusz pożyczki opinia czy łatwo dostać kredyt w getin banku pożyczki chwilówki płock kredyt bank ostrów wielkopolski kredyt bank adres do korespondencji wniosek o preferencyjny kredyt studencki pko bp opodatkowanie odsetek od pożyczki osoby fizyczne pożyczki na dowód bez zaświadczeń bez bik money time pożyczki pożyczki łatwe wysokie pożyczki na dowód pożyczki gotówkowe wikipedia kredyt bankowy zalety i wady kredyt konsolidacyjny licznik kredyt bank s a ul kasprzaka 2 8 porównaj pożyczki gotówkowe pozyczki bydgoszcz 24 kredyt w banku czy przez pośrednika pożyczki bez bik zaświadczeń pożyczki łapy kredyt bank chełmska godziny otwarcia kredyty chwilówki warszawa kondratowicza kredyt konsolidacyjny forum kredyt banku kursy walut kredyt bankowy wiem kredyty pozabankowe na weksel kredyty bankowe ppt szybki kredyt pozabankowy godziny przelewów przychodzących kredyt bank wzór umowy pożyczki z zabezpieczeniem wekslowym bocian pożyczki żywiec pożyczki społecznościowe a pcc pożyczki prywatne 2012 pożyczki z windykacją koszt pożyczki w lombardzie pożyczki podporządkowane kredyty konsolidacyjny z komornikiem wzór umowy pożyczki od znajomych kredyty mieszkaniowe z dopłatą rządową dla singli pozyczka pod weksel czestochowa pożyczki prywatne chorzów pozyczki pozabankowe infolinia pożyczki działdowo kredyt bank 3 oddział poznań kredyt bank powstańców śląskich warszawa kredyt pocztowy raz dwa trzy umowa pożyczki jak księgować pożyczki bez sprawdzania zadłużenia kalkulator pożyczki gotówkowej w pko bank pko bp oprocentowanie kredytów gdzie wziasc kredyt bez bik bip pożyczki formularz kredyt bez bik września banki udzielające kredytów bez bik kredyt bank prowizja opłat kalkulator pożyczki szybkie pożyczki mińsk mazowiecki alior bank kredyt gotówkowy symulacja umowa pożyczki między ojcem a synem pożyczka bocian miedzyrzecz nr tel kredyt bez biku opinie fines pożyczki opinie pożyczki w domu klienta pożyczki pod zastaw rtv pożyczki gotówkowe bez zaświadczeń szczecin kredyt bank limit przelewu pożyczki porównywarka kredyty pozabankowe bez biku druk umowy pożyczki od udziałowca umowa cesji pożyczki wzór rejestracja kredytu w urzędzie skarbowym pożyczki dla mundurowych pożyczki gotówkowe bez bik łódź kredyt w orange 5 zł kredyt w aib bip pożyczki formularz kredyt bank wolczanska kredyt bank numery telefonów kredyt bez biku przez internet pożyczki ii rp kredyt samochodowy getin bank jastrzębie kredyty mieszkaniowe knf umowa pożyczki między udziałowcem a spółką bank pekao sa kredyt studencki wniosek konsolidacja kredytu gdzie w jakim banku najlepiej brać kredyt gotówkowy kredyt bank warszawska białystok godziny otwarcia oblicz ratę pożyczki pko kredyt bank mann i materna kredyt w bank pocztowy umowa pożyczki firmy kredyty pozyczki chwilowki pozyczka z pracy bezprocentowa w uk pożyczki chwilówki trójmiasto pożyczki gotówkowe bez zaświadczeń przez internet umowa poręczenia pożyczki oferta kredytową firmy optima kredyt w banku przelicznik umowa pożyczki pieniędzy w rodzinie kredyty mieszkaniowe w londynie kredyt bank lubuskie pożyczki w banku wbk pożyczki między osobami prywatnymi kredyt bank zawiercie telefon kredyt bank w jastrzębiu zdroju pożyczki arsen jak wziasc kredyt w providencie uk spłata pożyczki w amber gold opinie pożyczki prywatne kredyty w banku lloyds nowość pożyczki do domu pożyczki gotówkowe tarnowskie góry provident zwrot pożyczki kredyty chwilówki andrychów kredyt mieszkaniowy mój dom kredyt bank w walbrzychu umowa odnowienia pożyczki kredyty bez biku wrocław pożyczki od brata kredyt studencki w jakim banku kredyt studencki zasady przyznawania kredyt w eurobank forum pożyczki bez kosztów kredyt mieszkaniowy dla młodych małżeństw pko bp pozabankowe pożyczki bez bik szybko i prosto funkcje pożyczki uzasadnienie pożyczki na remont kredyt bank piotrków armii krajowej kredyt bank lokata 6 5 kredyty chwilówki toruń skok wybrzeże pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki mysłowice kredyty chwilówki na sms kredyt bank gorzów godziny otwarcia irr pożyczki uczciwe pożyczki prywatne Łodz pozyczka w domu klienta banki kredyty pożyczki pożyczki pod zastaw międzyzdroje pożyczki z up kredyt bank włochy kredyt z orange numer jaki podatek od pożyczki od rodziny kredyty chwilówki piaseczno obligacja 4 pożyczki konsolidacyjnej kredyt konsolidacyjny zdolność kredytowa kredyt bank krauthofera 16 kredyty bez bik starachowice kredyty chwilówki starachowice kredyt bank falenica kredyt bank leczna pożyczki marka pożyczki bez bik big erif oprocentowanie pożyczki ekspresowej pekao sa kredyty chwilówki zaliczka

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad