kredyt bankowy istota kredyty od 18lat na dowod olsztyn gros pożyczki toruń umorzenie pożyczki z pfron kredyt udzielany według prawa bankowego umorzenie pożyczki zfśs księgowanie pożyczki na rente bank pekao sa ubezpieczenie kredytu kredyt bez bik nowa sól umowa o pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki na dowód białystok kredyt bank mafia kredyt studencki pko bp poręczyciele umowa pożyczki dla urzędu skarbowego credyt pozyczki pozabankowe kredyt konsolidacyjny fortis bank pożyczki gotówkowe 5000 pożyczki darłowo kredyty chwilówki fordon pożyczki bez big pozyczka bez bik pozabankowa lublin pożyczki bez wizyty w banku umorzenie spłaty pożyczki z zfśs kredyt mieszkaniowy w idea bank w jakim banku opłaca się wziąć kredyt kredyt chwilówka w krakowie kredyty chwilówki sosnowiec orla pożyczki gotówkowe gdynia mennica pozyczki jelenia gora forum kredyty mieszkaniowe w banku bgż pożyczki bez bik i krd kraków umowa pożyczki ze spółką cywilną oprocentowanie pożyczki gotówkowej mg finance pożyczki kredyt bank regulamin kredyt bank lista bezpłatnych bankomatów umorzenie pożyczki mieszkaniowej z zfśs kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim wbk pożyczki pod zastaw bełchatów bank bgż kredyty konsolidacyjne bocian pożyczki puławy umowa pożyczki wspólnika do spółki kredyty bez bik banki pożyczki na dowód bez bik krd komornik pożyczki społecznościowe dlugoterminowe pozyczki pod zastaw pożyczki nordea istota kredytu i pożyczki kredyty bez bik w gdyni kredyt bank liczba klientów kredyty chwilówki historia kredyt samochodowy dla młodych ludzi kredyt w banku internetowym kredyty chwilówki praca ulotki odsetki od pożyczki różnice kursowe kalkulator kredytu mieszkaniowego w pko bp kredyt bank żywiec godziny pracy bocian pożyczki płońsk warunki pracy w kredyt banku pożyczka dla pracownika wzór umowy kredyt bank grochowska kredyt bankowy w księgach rachunkowych jak zaksięgować kredyt na rachunku bankowym bocian pożyczki piotrków trybunalski kredyty chwilówki kierownik regionalny kredyt bank artykuł pożyczki bez bik kontakt kredyt bank lokata forum pozyczki pozabankowe katowice bez meldunku obliczenie odsetek od pożyczki alfa kredyty chwilówki prywatne pożyczki na weksel katowice w jakim banku wziąć kredyt opinie kredyt bank oddział lublin krakowskie przedmieście kredyt w orange 5 zł kredyt w uk barclays kredyt na pit w credit agricole optima pożyczki grudziądz parkmar pożyczki kredyt bank krolewska profil aktywny 50 kredyt bank kredyt w banku gbs kredyt gotówkowy w santander oprocentowanie kredyty chwilówki sulechów pożyczki dla zadłużonych bez zaświadczeń pożyczki typu incredi kredyty chwilówki katowice szukam kredytu bez biku i zaświatczeń kalkulator pożyczki gotówkowej eurobank pożyczki w skoku opinie pożyczki dla przedsiębiorstw kredyt mieszkaniowy w kb opinie kredyt bank twardzickiego warunki pożyczki w skoku kredyt bank sosnowiec godziny otwarcia gdzie moge dostac kredyt bez biku pożyczki agroreg kredyt bank międzyzdroje praca kredyt mieszkaniowy najkorzystniejszy kredyt bank numery telefonów dobre pożyczki bez bik forum kredyt studencki pekao bp kredyty chwilówki pruszków wojska polskiego kredyt mieszkaniowy marże wzór umowy pożyczki z zastawem bezpieczne pożyczki przez internet umowa pożyczki między osobami prawnymi kredyt bank marcinkowskiego poznań pożyczki bez bik kredyt bez bik w rybniku pożyczki dla osób z niskimi dochodami wzór umowy pożyczki zfśs kredyt konsolidacyjny co potrzebne kredyty w getin banku kredyty chwilowki wodzislaw sl kredyty bez bik w gorzowie wlkp kredyt bank zambrów godziny otwarcia skok pożyczka bez bik pożyczki łódź kredyty pożyczki bolesławiec pożyczki żyrafa śrem pożyczki pozabankowe dębica pożyczki bez baz przez internet kredyty chwilówki gdynia kredyt bank szczecin starzyńskiego godziny otwarcia kredyt konsolidacyjny rata kredyt bank placówki warszawa mokotów oprocentowanie kredytów fm bank trudne pożyczki bez bik eurobank kredyt konsolidacyjny opinie kredyt bank prowizja od wypłaty ranking kredytów mieszkaniowych październik 2012 numer konta w kredyt banku kredyt studencki w wbk bocian pożyczki wrocław pożyczki 300 zł pożyczki gotówkowe pko kredyt bez bik online 10 lat kredyty pozabankowe katowice kredyt bank opłaty za prowadzenie rachunku pożyczki dla zadłużonych bez bik poznań kredyt w alior banku jaka kwota pożyczki jest zwolniona od podatku pozyczka miedzylllll kredyty chwilówki w olsztynie pożyczki licytacja optima pożyczki wołomin pożyczki finan kredyt konsolidacyjny 2013 kalkulator pożyczki ze środków obrotowych kredyt bank katowice ul uniwersytecka pożyczki dla mikrofirm bez bik pożyczki dla przedsiębiorców pożyczki prywatne a podatek kredyty chwilówki opole pożyczki pozabankowe pod weksel wrocław daily finance pożyczki kredyt na dowod mielec kredyty chwilówki warszawa kredyty bez bik i krd kraków warunki otrzymania pożyczki w pko umowa pożyczki na firmę kredyt bank email pożyczki na dowód kredyty bez bik kielce kredyty pozabankowe łódź kredyt konsolidacyjny pod nieruchomość odsetki od pożyczki z funduszu socjalnego kredyt bank ostrow wlkp warunki do spelnienia kredyt alior kredyt oddłużeniowy pozabankowy kredyt bank 24 zaloguj kredyt chwilówka od 18 lat pozyczki prywatne na procent olesnica umowa pożyczki opodatkowanie pozyczki na oswiadczenia jak dzialja kredyt bez bik toruń pożyczki lichwiarskie warszawa kalkulator obliczania odsetek od pożyczki pożyczki wg msr kredyt bez bik na konto kredyt samochodowy dla studenta meritum bank kredyt opinie kredyt bank elbląg godziny otwarcia abis pozyczka głogów kredyty chwilówki katowice szopienice kredyt bank chrzanów tel pozyczki niebankowe podobne do providenta szamotuly kredyt konsolidacyjny bank bph nowe kredyty bez bik i krd gdzie kredyt mieszkaniowy bez bik pozyczki gotuwkoiwe lichwiarze praca w kredyty chwilówki zarobki umowa pożyczki spółki powiązane cesja umowy pożyczki kredyty pozabankowe bez biku sosnowiec kredyt bez bik 15000 kredyt bank gdansk kartuska kredyt bank ostrów wielkopolski jak wziasc kredyt w banku pocztowym doradcy24 pożyczki otrzymanie pożyczki od udziałowca a pcc wniosek o przyznanie pożyczki z zakładu pracy kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator euro kredyty instytucje pozabankowe pożyczki finan częstochowa kredyt bankowy a pożyczka pożyczki na dowód oleśnica kredyt bank godziny otwarcia radom pozyczki warszawa grochowska kredyt bank zgierz godziny otwarcia pożyczki bez bik krd big pozyczki victoria kredyt bank konsolidacja kredyt orange na numer pożyczki pozabankowe na dowód bez bik kredyt mieszkaniowy a dochody z zagranicy kredyt lombardowy w banku prywatne pozyczki podkarpacie santander kupuje kredyt bank 2012 pojęcie pożyczki bankowej kredyt mieszkaniowy dla osób samotnych kredyty chwilówki praca zarobki umowa pożyczki a kredyt konsumencki pożyczki przez internet bez bik kredyty konsolidacyjne oddłużanie kredyt bank warunki przyznawalnosc kredytu obrotowego w banku bps tragedia w kredyt banku kredyt mieszkaniowy nordea habitat pekao sa kredyt wpis w big kredyt bank przelewy kredyt bank warszawa grojecka pożyczki provident opinie placówki kredyt banku poznań pożyczki bez dochodu toruń bocian pożyczki włocławek pożyczki prywatne gdynia oblicz kredyt w alior banku kredyt bank rybnik telefon kredyt bank szkolenie w warszawie bankomaty kredyt banku w krakowie umorzenie pożyczki księgowanie kredyt bez biku dla zadłuzonych kredyt bez bik i zaświadczeń słupsk kredyt w ge money bank opinie pożyczki pozabankowe polkowice pożyczki wfośigw pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości łódź wypowiedzenie pożyczki wzór jacek pilka pożyczki kredyt bank sprzedaż waluty pożyczki podobne jak provident pożyczki z komornikiem kredyt bank oprocentowanie lokat 2012 kredyt bank wojska polskiego słupsk kredyty chwilówki słupsk kredyt obrotowy w jakim banku pożyczki na dowód bank kredyt gotówkowy w banku pocztowym bez umowy o pracę pożyczki nordea pożyczki bocian numer telefonu kredyt bank zagiel warszawa pożyczki pozabankowe pleszew prywatne pożyczki na sam dowód pożyczki gotówkowe na dowód osobisty kredyt bank aktywowanie karty kredyt bez bik 2000 zł pożyczki świętochłowice kredyt pozabankowy częstochowa prywatne pożyczki bez zabezpieczeń poznań gdzie uzyskac kredyt bez bik kredyt konsolidacyjny tłumaczenie kredyt w ge money bank opinie w jakim banku najłatwiej o kredyt samochodowy kredyty bankowe konto bilansowe idea bank kredyt bezzwrotny opinie kredyty mieszkaniowe a umowa na czas określony kredyt bez bik do 30 tys placówki kredyt banku w warszawie pożyczki bemowo kredyt konsolidacyjny online oprocentowanie kredytu mieszkaniowego deutsche bank kredyt bank lublin oferty pracy umowa pożyczki osoby fizyczne bocian pożyczki śrem praca kredyt mieszkaniowy niskie dochody pożyczka bez bik szybkie pożyczki bez bik i krd online kredyt konsulidacyjny gliwice ranking kredytów mieszkaniowych październik 2012 kredyt konsolidacyjny uk kredyt samochodowy lukas bank kalkulator pożyczki bank śląski kredyt konsolidacyjny angielski pożyczki bez biku poznań oświadczenie oddania pożyczki kredyty chwilówki bez bik usługi pożyczki mieszkaniowe kalkulator pożyczki optima piła kredyty chwilówki logowanie pożyczki dolnośląskie kredyty w banku santander pożyczki dla firm pko bp kredyt bank siedziba adres kredyt bank w toruniu godziny otwarcia kredyt bank iii oddział w warszawie kredyty chwilówki 23 lutego argentum capital pożyczki pozyczka w domu wołów provident oferta pożyczki urząd skarbowy zgłoszenie pożyczki kredyt mdm banki kredyt w banku rodzina na swoim kredyty bez biku krd pożyczki w bilansie kredyt bank zielona góra bankomat kredyt bank warszawa kondratowicza godziny otwarcia kapitalizacja pożyczki kredyt bank bankomaty bezprowizyjne lokata kredyt banku 6 5 kredyty chwilówki debica kredyt bank marszałkowska pożyczki gwarant konto pożyczki długoterminowe kredyt bank wiceprezes kredyt bank piłsudskiego koszalin pożyczki pozabankowe krasnystaw lokaty w kredyt banku opinie kredyt bank lubin godziny otwarcia kredyt bank pruszków kontakt pożyczki pod zastaw rtv najtańszy kredyt gotówkowy w jakim banku kredyt studencki pekao sa opinie kto udzieli kredytu bez bik szybki kredytyt gotwkowe przez internet bez bik agito pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki przez internet ranking kredyt pozabankowy od reki kredyt bank w dabrowie tarnowskiej w jakim banku opłaca się wziąć kredyt kredyt konsolidacyjny w inteligo kredyt bank oddział sopot kościuszki kredyty bez bik w gorzowie wlkp pozyczki pozabankowe przez internet legnica pożyczki 100 przyznawalności gdzie dają pożyczki na dowód bocian pożyczki wymagane dokumenty kredyty chwilówki praca forum kredyt konsolidacyjny alior bank oprocentowanie kredyt bez bik w pko pożyczki pod zastaw umowa pożyczki między osobą fizyczną a prawną kredyt bank bedzin kredyt samochodowy getin opinie pozyczki domowe boleslawiec kredyt mieszkaniowy w noble bank kredyt bank depozyty kredyty bez weryfikacji w biku pożyczki na dowód tychy kredyt konsolidacyjny w bph opinie kredyt bank mościckiego tarnów kredyt samochodowy dla rencistów pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości zielona góra kredyt konsolidacyjny dla rolnika kredyty chwilówki kadry pożyczki pozabankowe piotrków trybunalski umowa pożyczki pomiędzy osobami fizycznymi pozyczki pozabankowe garbary podatek od pożyczki z banku kredyt mieszkaniowy w banku pko sa pożyczki bez bik kontakt kredyt bank 1 oddział warszawa kredyty bankowe stan początkowy alior bank kredyt opinie pożyczki chwilówki warszawa puławska kredyty w meritum bank pożyczki prywatne z zagranicy pożyczki pozabankowe płońsk kredyt bank praca pożyczki bez bik skarbiec jak jest kod na kredyt w orange kredyty pod zastaw mieszkania bez biku pożyczki bez bik zachodniopomorskie jak obliczyć odsetki od pożyczki w skali roku alior bank kredyt rodzina na swoim pożyczki długoterminowe bez bik niespłacenie pożyczki kredyty chwilówki opinie forum oprocentowanie kredytu konsolidacyjnego alior bank kredyt samochodowy vw bank opinie kredyt na dowód bez bik kielce chwilowki legnica jak wziasc kredyt potrącanie pożyczki z zfśs umowa pożyczki a vat sync bank kredyt na dowod zwrot pożyczki udziałowcowi umowa pożyczki pieniędzy koledze bocian chwilowka kredytową nr tel międzyrzecz kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator 2013 pozyczki w domu slimak i inne bydgoszcz interpretacje podatkowe pożyczki kredyt bank kolegialna 22 kredyt bank osiedle kazimierzowskie godziny otwarcia kredyt bank sa katowice pożyczki cieszyn kredyt bank home banking kredyt bankowy dla msp kredyt bez biku torun szybkie pożyczki wrocław premie w kredyt banku pożyczki pozabankowe bez odsetek bocian pożyczki ustka kredyt konsolidacyjny millenium bank opinie kredyt z banku ochrony środowiska kredyt mieszkaniowy zdolność kredytowa kalkulator kredyt konsolidacyjny dla zadłużonych z komornikiem kredyt chwilówki gliwice pożyczki pozabankowe we wrocławiu optima pożyczki oddziały pożyczki chwilówki lubin kredyt studencki pko wypłata wniosek o kredyt w banku pocztowym pozyczka dla mlodych bez bik umowa pożyczki i weksel pożyczki bez bik chełmno kredyt pozabankowy na weksel kredyt bank przejęcie kredyt konsolidacyjny rzeszów pożyczki udzielane przez jst kredyt gotówkowy w banku spółdzielczym pozyczka kredyt bez bik krd kredyty bez biku dla firm pożyczki na sfinansowanie kosztów szkolenia spłata pożyczki przychód oświadczenie pożyczki najleprzy kredyt konsolidacyjny czy w paribas kredyt jest bez bik przewalutowanie pożyczki różnice kursowe oferty pożyczki bez bik umowa pożyczki z cudzoziemcem kredyt bank w janowie lubelskim kredyt bank sa białystok ul warszawska pożyczki chwilówki od zaraz pożyczki od ręki warszawa kredyt bank sosnowiec godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki od udziałowca pcc kredyt bank gdańska bydgoszcz wysokie pożyczki prywatne rzeszów pożyczki chwilówki 18 lat kredyt w pekao sa opinie kredyt w boś banku opinie pożyczki z komornikiem ruda śląska kredyt konsolidacyjny jest to pożyczki bez biku na dowud do domu kredyt bank kraków stradomska godziny otwarcia pożyczki pod zastaw puławy kredyt bank dusznicki pożyczki dla zadłużonych bez bik na oświadczenie kredyt bank paypass kredyt bank fundusze pożyczki w uk po polsku optima namysłów pozyczki kredyt bank lokaty kwiecień 2012 kredyt bez bik glogow kredyt bank lokaty strukturyzowane pożyczki pozabankowe żywiec termin przedawnienia rat pożyczki kredyty mieszkaniowe łódź kasy stefczyka przeterminowany kredyt konsumencki kredyty pożyczki dla firm pożyczki pozabankowe typu provident kredyt prywatny świdnica kredyt bez bik eurobank umowa pożyczki pieniędzy przedawnienie kredyt bez bik na budowe kredyt bankowy małe i średnie przedsiębiorstwa pożyczki daiglob finance umowa pożyczki gotówki pdf pod jaki numer się bierze kredyt orange kredyty kielce kredyt dla firm bez zaświadczeń forum umorzenie udzielonej pożyczki pożyczki prywatne łowicz kredyty chwilówki numer konta kredyt studencki pko 2014 euro cash pozyczki szczecin pieniążek pożyczki pożyczki przez internet vivus umowa pożyczki między udziałowcem a spółką pożyczki jako źródło finansowania pozyczki prywatnych inwestorów przedłużenie kredytu studenckiego pko bp odsetki od pożyczki ceny transferowe bocian pożyczki oferta pożyczki bez bik wawa prawo bankowe kredyt konsumencki umowa pożyczki od jakiej kwoty podatek kredyt w banku pocztowym bez bik umowa pożyczki pieniędzy a podatek

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad