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bank symulacja pożyczki konsolidacja kredytów jak to działa kredyt mieszkaniowy w euro czy złotówkach kredyt samochodowy w getin banku forum umowa pożyczki pieniędzy wzór doc kredyt konsolidacyjny pko kalkulator pożyczki bez bik gryfice kredyt bank poznan godziny otwarcia czy niespłacony kredyt w banku ulega przedawnieniu bank pko sa kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyt w meritum bank forum kredyt samochodowy w vw bank opinie kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator millenium pozyczka bez bik w pko bp fotum kredyt bank sa żagiel lublin kredyt bank zamość telefon pożyczki na telefon 24 kredyt bez biku przez internet czy pcc od pożyczki jest kosztem uzyskania przychodu pożyczki bez zdolności kredytowej forum jaki jest numer na kredyt w orange wierzyciel pożyczki opinie udzielenie pożyczki innej firmie księgowanie kredyt bank osiedle kazimierzowskie kredyt firmowy bez biku kredyty mieszkaniowe z dopłatą rządową kredyty bez bik biała podlaska pożyczki provident kalkulator kredyt bank ekstrakonto s pożyczki bez big wrocław getin bank kredyt bez zaświadczenia pozyczka z obslugą klienta w domu mobbing w kredyt banku kredyty chwilówki praca kierowca opinie kredyt bank mościckiego tarnów koszty umowy pożyczki kredyty w banku pocztowym opinie getin bank kredyt na pit kalkulator prywatna pożyczka do ręki bez dochodu warszawa pożyczki bez bik pod zastaw samochodu kredyty bez bik lublin oferta kredytową firmy optima kalkulator pożyczki gotówkowej bzwbk darmowy kredyt na sam dowod bez zaswiadczen pożyczki chwilówki pruszków banki udzielające pozyczek bez biku w rzeszowie oferty pożyczki bez poręczycieli bez bik kredyt bank białystok pożyczki gotówkowe dla rencistów pożyczki bocian lublin adres i nr tel kredyt bank kb skok rafineria pożyczki restrukturyzację pożyczki przeniesienie pożyczki pożyczki od osób prywatnych na procent zgierz kredyt bank sa częstochowa kredyt konsolidacyjny getin bank kredyt bank lokaty terminowe oprocentowanie kredyty mieszkaniowe w bph porównanie pożyczki gotówkowe pożyczki bez bik big i krd pożyczki z obsługą w domu podkarpacie kredyty bez bik i krd olsztyn deustche bank kredyt na dowod online kredyt mieszkaniowy pko czas oczekiwania pożyczki bez dochodu szybkie pozyczki dla zadluzonych w uk kredyt konsolidacyjny polbank kalkulator pożyczki takie jak w providencie oprocentowanie pożyczki ekspresowej pekao sa amigo pożyczki pozyczka bank pko dla emeryta czy moze wziac odsetki od pożyczki kosztem podatkowym kredyt bank warszawa chmielna kredyty w idea bank opinie pożyczki dla nowo otwartych firm pozyczka długoterminowa bez bik i krd dla bezrobotnych pożyczki prywatne lubliniec pożyczki na krótki termin wyliczanie rat pożyczki udziele prywatna pozyczka śląsk pożyczki chwilówki dla bezrobotnych kredyt i umowa na czas okreslony pozyczka dla mlodych bez bik kredyt bank maestro pożyczki prywatne pod weksel poznań kredyty bez bik 10000 kredyty dla rolników bez biku nowe pożyczki chwilówki przez internet pożyczki prywatne ogłoszenia pożyczki od osób prywatnych pod zastaw pożyczki z unii dla firm kredyty bez bik zielona góra bocian pożyczki opinie skutki czym uzasadnic pozyczke na remont prywatne pożyczki na sam dowód pożyczki dębica niespłacenie pożyczki vivus pożyczki bez badania zdolności kredytowej pożyczki prywatne w bogatyni kredyty bez biku zielona góra pożyczka dla zadłużonych warszawa pożyczki prywatne opodatkowanie kredyt bank wieliczka telefon rozwiązanie umowy pożyczki wzór kredyt bez biku bydgoszcz kredyt bank warszawa abrahama 18 kredyt budowlany w jakim banku bank bph da kredyt jak mam komornika kredyt mieszkaniowy z wkladem wlasnym kalkulator kredyty chwilowki starogard gdanski które banki udzielają kredytu bez bik bocian pożyczki wymagania reklama pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki wrocław kołłątaja kredyt bank wąwozowa 35 kredyt bank długa kraków godziny otwarcia kredyt bank biłgoraj praca darboux pożyczki kredyt bank łączy się z bz wbk odsetki od umowy pożyczki a vat w którym banku kredyt rodzina na swoim umowa pożyczki oprocentowanie szybka pozyczka z obsluga w domu kredyt bank łączy się z bz wbk pożyczki kronos zawiercie pożyczki katowice bez bik pozyczki walcz bez bik alior bank kredyt konsolidacyjny dokumenty pożyczki od osób prywatnych warszawa kredyt bank lodź pożyczki pozabankowe dla zadłużonych online optima pożyczki kalisz ei global pożyczki umowa pożyczki deklaracja pcc kredyt bank żagiel szczecin zabezpieczenie pożyczki na nieruchomości eurocash pożyczki kraków getin bank kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator kredyt bank warszawa ul grójecka 186 pożyczki chwilówki od zaraz pcc pożyczki od udziałowca alior bank kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zabezpieczenia kredyt w getin noble bank opinie kredyt bank biuro maklerskie kredyt bez bik tarnobrzeg kredyt studencki banki które udzielają kredyt bank zniknie pożyczki novum kruk opinie kto da kredyt bez biku umowa pożyczki pomiedzy firmami kredyt dla wspólnoty mieszkaniowej pko pożyczki eurocash getin noble bank kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyt konsolidacyjny zdolność praca w kredyt banku opinie 2011 bocian pożyczki wejherowo kredyt konsolidacyjny pko oprocentowanie kredyt bank bialystok sklodowskiej pożyczki koło pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości kredyt bank radomsko kontakt kredyt w domu klienta lubon kredyt bankowy a konsumencki kredyt samochodowy getin noble bank kredyt bank gdańsk chałubińskiego godziny otwarcia kredyt bank racibórz kredyt bank polska kredyt gotówkowy w eurobanku opinie pożyczki pozabankowe od zaraz pożyczki bez bik getin bank pożyczki dla zadłużonych toruń banki kredyty mieszkaniowe pcc od umowy pożyczki od udziałowca 2012 szybkie pożyczki piła pożyczki pozabankowe oświęcim kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim kalkulator rat kredyt na auto bez bik idea bank kredyt bezzwrotny opinie pożyczki pod zastaw samochodów poznań pożyczki gotówkowe legnica fides pożyczki szygula kredyt bankowy wydanie kredyt bez bik krd z komornikiem pożyczki bez krd olsztyn kredyt bank częstochowa dekabrystów kredyt na juz bez bik kościan kredyt bank łódź credit agricole pożyczki kalkulator pożyczki przez internet bez biku i krd kredyt na mieszkanie bank pekao czy skoki maja oferte pozyczki dla zadluzonych kredyt bank hasła jednorazowe koszt kredyty bez bik ogłoszenia kredyty chwilówki warszawa kredyt bank oddziały warszawa mokotów kredyt bank wawelska pożyczki bez bik i krd chrzanów alior bank kredyt inwestycyjny oprocentowanie alior bank pożyczka dokumenty umowa pożyczki na zakup samochodu pożyczki kredyty dla zadłużonych z komornikiem kredyt jako produkt bankowy kredyty konsolidacyjne na umowe zlecenie kredyt bank katowice szafranka pożyczki ostrów wlkp dla zadłóżonych kredyt bank warszawa powstańców śląskich pożyczki z funduszu socjalnego kredyt bank otwock karczewska pożyczki indywidualne pożyczki z pfron 2013 pozyczki pod weksel olkusz kredyt bank godziny otwarcia skawina pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik bydgoszcz kredyt bank poznań kontakt pożyczki pod zastaw samochodów wrocław kamila ignasiak pożyczki kredyt w gospodarce banku wniosek o kredyt w banku spółdzielczym kredyty chwilówki chojnice pcc od pożyczki dla wspólnika umorzenie pożyczki a przychód podatkowy cesja pożyczki a pcc kredyt bank rabaty kredyt bank infolinia czynna kredyt bez bik zamość pożyczki sl kredyt unijny idea bank opinie jak wziasc kredyt w banku średnia wartość pożyczki gotówkowej kredyt konsolidacyjny oblicz rate pożyczki chwilówki świecie kredyt bank24 kredyty pozabankowe w łodzi umowa pożyczki odsetki podatek kredyt chwilówka roznoszenie ulotek kredyt bank kasprowicza pożyczki w 15 minut online kredyt konsolidacyjny opis kredyty chwilówki chorzów batory kredyt samochodowy meritum bank kredyt konsolidacyjny rio kredyty chwilówki warszawa bielany jak zdobyc pozyczke bez bik i komornika pożyczki internetowe bez bik i krd pożyczki prywatne pod zastaw nieruchomości kredyt bank lokata z premią 6 5 kredyt studencki pko bp żyrant pożyczki ursynów kredyt pozabankowe kredyt bankowy i jego funkcje nieoprocentowane pożyczki dla firm pożyczki na procent pożyczki tomaszów maz kredyt konsolidacyjny skok chmielewskiego office pożyczki pożyczki społecznościowe w domu policyjne pożyczki umowa pożyczki osób prywatnych kredyt bank pruszcz gdański kredyt bank białobrzegi kontakt kredyt bank romera pożyczki prywatne ostrów wlkp pożyczki na dowód numer telefonu kredyt pod zastaw nieruchomości w bank bgż kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim warunki przyznania pożyczki prywatne pilnie kredyt bank kredyty konsolidacyjne pożyczki chorzow pozabankowy kredyt na otworzenie dzialalnosci pozabankowa pozyczka bez bik 20000 kredyt bank altus katowice kredyt bank w piotrkowie trybunalskim czy dostane pozyczke w ei global pozyczki prodomo do jakiego odzialu nalezy kwidzyn kredyt konsolidacyjny dla osob pracujacych za granica pozyczki dla mlodych prywatne bialystok odsetki od pożyczki kosztem podatkowym pozyczka 10000 od osoby prywatnej czestochowa pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości opinie mieszkaniowe kredyty preferencyjne pożyczki bartuś pożyczki dla zadłużonych bez bik i krd kredyty bez bik wikipedia pozyczki chwilowki natychmiastowe z komornikiem poznan kredyt z komornikiem kamienna gora kredyt bez bik banki forum pożyczki preferencyjne wikipedia kredyt bank oplata za przelew darowizna zamiast pożyczki kredyty pozabankowe na weksel kredyt konsolidacyjny w polbanku opinie pożyczki na dowód szczecinek alior bank kredyt z komornikiem kredyt bankowy po angielsku kredyt bank warszawa politechnika kredyt bank lokaty oprocentowanie 2013 poznań pożyczki chwilówki wzór umowy pożyczki bez odsetek kredyty chwilówki staszów odroczenie spłaty kredytu studenckiego pko bp kredyt bank dom maklerski kredyty bez sprawdzania w bik optima pożyczki praca opinie kredyt bank w mielcu pod jaki numer bierze sie kredyt w orange kredyt bank okulickiego szczecin godziny otwarcia kredyt odnawialny bez bik i krd pożyczki prywatne tarnów pożyczki all money opinie szybkie pożyczki dla zadłużonych pożyczki prywatne malbork pożyczki online bez bik i krd kredyt studencki pekao kredyt bank lebork godziny otwarcia kredyty bankowe książki chomikuj kredyt bank warszawa ursus kredyt bank w częstochowie bankomat kredyt bank sieradz pożyczki bez windykacji umowa pożyczki skok stefczyka getin bank centrum kredytów samochodowych kontakt umowa pożyczki kc pozyczka miedzylllll pozyczki z obsługą domową warszawa kredyty mieszkaniowe 2012 forum oprocentowanie kredytu fm bank kredyt w credit agricole dokumenty kredyty chwilówki gliwice piwna udzielę prywatnej pożyczki katowice szybkie pożyczki dla rolników kredyt bank wirtualny doradca kredyty lublin kredyty pożyczki bez bik pożyczki na dowód poznań pożyczki 4you kredyt bank bankowy fundusz gwarancyjny kredyty mieszkaniowe konsolidacyjne umorzenie pożyczki mieszkaniowej z zfśs kredyty mieszkaniowe z dopłatą rządową dla singli bocian pożyczki tczew pożyczki gotówkowe z obsługą w domu pozyczki pozabankowe na kazdy dochod siedlce pozyczka dla zadluzonych w biku pożyczki prywatne nowy targ kredyt konsolidacyjny oprocentowanie alior bank kredyt oblicz rate pożyczki gotówkowe dla firm kredyt konsolidacyjny rio kredyt bez bik krotoszyn kredyt w idea banku opinie udzielę pożyczki na procent szczecin kredyt bank karta zbliżeniowa pozyczki prywatne pod weksel zory i okolice kredyt bank warszawa sadyba getin bank pożyczki bez zaświadczeń kredyt gotówkowy w krakowskim banku spółdzielczym kredyt bank numer rozliczeniowy kredyt w banku opinie czy kredyt w banku ulega przedawnieniu kredyt samochodowy bre bank kredyt bank olsztyn wojska polskiego kredyt dla firm na oświadczenie bez bik kredyty w anglii forum kredyt bank sa żagiel adres kredyt rolniczy w banku spółdzielczym kredyt bank zastrzeżenie karty kredyty pozabankowe i prywatne unilink cash pożyczki bez bik oferta kredyty chwilówki gorzów wlkp kredyt bank raty gdzie moge dostac kredyt bez biku kredyt bankowy źródło finansowania pożyczki w walucie pozyczki augustow przez internet kredyty mieszkaniowe dla osob pracujacych za granica kredyt bank w bialej podlaskiej kredyt bank bankomat bez prowizji kredyty santander consumer bank getin bank online kredyt samochodowy pozyczki bez bik i krd w domu klienta ruda slaska umowa pożyczki kto płaci podatek kredyt bank krakowskie lublin kielce pożyczki pozabankowe kredyt bank wałbrzych słowackiego kontakt kredyt bank wąwozowa kredyty chwilówki telefon kredyt bez bik inowrocław ksiegowanie przelewow w kredyt banku bezzwrotne pożyczki dla mikrofirm pożyczki bocian wągrowiec bocian pożyczki i podobne kredyt dla emeryta w getin banku kredyt bank oplaty i prowizje pożyczki access pożyczki brzesko kredyt bank sochaczew kontakt okres karencji w spłacie pożyczki szybki kredyt bez bik i krd kredyt bank karta multima kredyt bank fieldorfa szybkie pożyczki bez bik łódź umowa pożyczki skok stefczyka kredyt bank gliniana kredyt bank poland address pożyczki śląskie beta pożyczki kredyt bank s a i oddział w warszawie bocian pożyczki bełchatów kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator banków kredyt bank wejherowo bocian pożyczki oddziały kredyt bank sa centrala w warszawie umowa pożyczki z dobrowolnym poddaniem się egzekucji pożyczki bez bik dla rencistów pożyczki do domu opole ustawowe odsetki od pożyczki prywatnej kredyt dla firm bez bik opinie umowa pożyczki wspólnika do spółki kredyt konsolidacyjny w kredyt bank kredyty bez bik przez internet daily finance pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki zary kredyty chwilówki praca kierowca opinie pożyczki bez biku na dowud do domu umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs a składki zus kredyty chwilówki w łomży kredyty chwilówki bez bik usługi kredyty chwilówki piekary śląskie pożyczki podporządkowane kredyt bank blawatna pożyczki bez wizyty w banku promotor pożyczki opinie kredyt konsolidacyjny 60000 getin bank kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator pożyczki prywatne dąbrowa górnicza pożyczki praca pożyczki pozabankowe bielsk podlaski pożyczki bez bik toruń kredyt bank warszawa chełmska kredyt konsolidacyjny dla zadłużonych bez bik kalkulator rat kredytu mieszkaniowego rodzina na swoim banki kredyty gotówkowe oprocentowanie kredyt pocztowy raz dwa trzy kredyt cetelem bank kredyt gotówkowy bez zaświadczeń pozyczki chwilowki w irlandii umowa pożyczki oświadczenie o poddaniu się egzekucji kredyt bank ekstrabiznes umowa pożyczki pomiędzy pracownikiem a pracodawcą pożyczki jeremie wrocław pożyczki pozabankowe lubań kredyty chwilówki opolskie kredyt konsolidacyjny w anglii kredyty chwilowki wodzislaw sl pożyczki na dowód osobisty od ręki warszawa kredyty pozabankowe bez bik krd kredyt konsolidacyjny na poczcie kredyt bez bik wadowice umowa pożyczki koszty umowa pożyczki stawka pcc kredyt bank dane amber gold pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny nie w banku umowa pożyczki między osobami fizycznymi a pcc kredyt bank zana pożyczki na dowód tuchola

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad