kredyty bez bik bielsko kredyt chwilówka grochowska pożyczki na dowód płock pożyczki bez bik od 10000 kredyt bank leasing aukcje kredyt bank praca lublin pożyczki bez dochodu na dowód czy citi bank daje kredyt pracujacym w czechach eurocash pożyczki poznań pożyczki internetowe pierwsza za darmo kredyt bank łomża ul dworna obliczenie pożyczki pozyczki na dowod wloclawek godziny otwarcia najtaszy kredyt pozabankowy przez internet pożyczki gotówkowe prominent duet pożyczki częstochowa pożyczki dla budżetówki kredyt bank filia w piasecznie kredyty bez bik raciborz pan kowalski zaciągnął kredyt w banku schaer kredyt bankowy kredyty chwilówki strzelin kredyt bank złocieniec pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości toruń kredyt bez bik kalisz kredyt banki grudziądz wzór umowy pożyczki w skok stefczyka kredyt bank kredyt na mieszkanie kredyt mieszkaniowy bez bik forum kredyt konsolidacyjny wymogi umowa pożyczki loan agreement kredyt bank krakowskie przedmieście lublin kredyt bank bednarska łódź pożyczki prywatne 24h kredyt bank kb token kredyt bank w hrubieszowie kredyty pozabankowe kołobrzeg kredyt studencki pekao sa poręczyciele pożyczki pozabankowe ustawa kredyty mieszkaniowe współpraca kredyt bank kupił santander kredyty prawo bankowe pożyczki udzielone spółce przez wspólnika pożyczki długoterminowe w uk kredyt samochodowy który bank kredyt bank nowy dwór mazowiecki kredyt bankowy bez bik placówka warszawa pozyczki przez internet konsolidacja kredytu w bz wbk warunki kredytu w banku wbk umowa do pożyczki kredyt bank opłata za monit gdzie kredyt konsolidacyjny bez bik identyfikator w kredyt banku kredyt bank bełchatów getin bank jastrzębie zdrój kredyty samochodowe tel kredyt studencki banki kredyt bank siedlce kontakt kredyt konsolidacyjny gdzie najkorzystniej 18lat na dowod kredyt olsztyn niespłacanie pożyczki w providencie kredyt w banku co potrzebne dobranie w takto pozyczka kredyt w banku pko bp opinie kredyt rodzina na swoim w banku pocztowym opinie kredyt bank kasprzaka 2 kredyt studencki pko bp umorzenie rola kredytów w działalności banków kredyt 15tys bph pożyczki bez zaświadczeń i bez big kalkulator raty kredytu mieszkaniowego rodzina na swoim kredyt bank w będzinie pożyczki bez biku przez internet kredyt gotówkowy w banku millenium mcredit pożyczki kredyt dla firm bez bik opinie kredyt bank lista bezpłatnych bankomatów pożyczki pozabankowe międzyrzecz kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator bank pocztowy kredyt konsolidacyjny formalności pożyczki w domu łódzkie pozyczki w domu klienta bez weryfikacji admin pożyczki pozabankowe lokata kredyt banku 6 5 kredyt bank kolobrzeska 12 gdansk kredyt na dom bez biku kredyty pożyczki darmowe ogłoszenia pożyczki banku światowego kredyt mieszkaniowy z umową na czas określony pożyczki przez internet na 60 dni umowa pożyczki od spółki kredyt bank sa krs kredyty bez bik w rybniku kredyt bank oddział ursynów kredyt konsolidacyjny pocztowy kredyty mieszkaniowe dla samotnych matek umowa pożyczki udzielonej przez udziałowca wzór kredyt bez bik kolobrzeg pożyczki społecznościowe co to jest umowa pożyczki pieniężnej między osobami fizycznymi kredyt samochodowy dla mundurowych kredyt bank autoryzacja sms kredyty chwilówki szczecin opinie pożyczki internautów kredyt bez bik na zaswiadczenie pożyczki bez sprawdzania historii kredytowej mikropożyczki lubuskie pożyczki chwilówki braniewo bank kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator w którym banku najlepiej wziąć kredyt na samochód kredyt bank warszawa bródno kredyty chwilówki logowanie system partner kredyt bank w białymstoku kredyt bank wykaz bankomatów kredyt gotówkowy bank bph kredyty chwilówki słupsk deotymy pożyczka prywatna bez sprawdzania baz kraków pożyczki społecznościowe 2013 kredyt bank koszalin kontakt pożyczki bez bik nowy tomyśl kredyty bez biku bielsko biała kredyt bank inowrocław kontakt umowa pożyczki wzór do pobrania grupa inwestorska pożyczki społecznościowe pożyczki chwilówki przez internet bez prowizji przedmiotem umowy pożyczki mogą być zakładowy fundusz świadczeń socjalnych pożyczki kredyt bank dom maklerski umowa pożyczki na czas nieokreślony pożyczki na długi okres pożyczki chwilówki z komornikiem pożyczki w koszalinie flisak pożyczki kontakt pcc od pożyczki dla firmy pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości prywatne medicover kredyt bank warszawa prywatne pożyczki łuków kredyt bank wieluń pożyczki w banku millennium pożyczki chwilówki grudziądz kredyty chwilówki oleśnica bilansowanie kredytu mieszkaniowego własny kąt forum kredyty bez bik na dlugi okres splat inowroclaw pożyczki z zakładu pracy pcc od pożyczki kosztem uzyskania przychodu kredyt bank dział kadr pko kredyt bez bik kredyt bank warszawa adres cesja umowy pożyczki a pcc umowa udzielenia pożyczki pieniężnej kredyt bank call center kredyt w getin bank opinie 2012 pożyczki żagiel kredyt bank wesoła telefon kredyt pozabankowy z zajęciem komorniczym kredyt bank karta zbliżeniowa kredyt bank warszawa sobota pożyczki kokos opinie kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulacja nfośigw pożyczki kredyty bez biku koszalin infolinia firmy slimak kredyty umowa pożyczki zgoda małżonka optima pożyczki zielona góra kredyt bank aukcje poleasingowe kredyt w banku credit agricole skok wołomin pożyczki bez bik kredyty chwilówki bez bik przez internet bocian pożyczki malbork kredyt bank 3 maja lublin kredyt bank wodzisław kredyt bank reklamacje kredyt bank santander kredyt w banku a bik wiarygodne pożyczki prywatne opodatkowanie pożyczki od rodziny 2011 pożyczki opinie kredyt gotówkowy bez zaświadczeń pożyczki katowice ul moniuszki 7 pożyczki dla zadłużonych i z komornikiem ranking kredytów w bankach kredyt bez bik na dłuższy okres pożyczki z anglii wniosek o preferencyjny kredyt studencki pko bp pożyczki na dowód bydgoszcz kredyt bank konkurs kredyt bank łódż pożyczki optima kalkulator tanie kredyty gotówkowe pozabankowe pożyczki bez bik mazowieckie skarabeusz pożyczki krosno kredyty mieszkaniowe ranking banków pożyczki niski procent kredyt bank kalkulator kredytu mieszkaniowego eurobank kredyt na mieszkanie kredyt bank glowna siedziba pożyczki na dowód w 15 min pelikan pożyczki providus ostrow pozyczki kredyt bank lubartów kredyty bez bik trójmiasto kredyty pozabankowe kraków anulowanie pożyczki konwersja pożyczki na kapitał 2013 kredyt konsolidacyjny wielka brytania kredyt pozabankowy z zajęciem komorniczym restrukturyzacja pożyczki pozyczki dla rencistow bez bik torun bocian pożyczki telefon umowa pożyczki zwolniona z podatku pożyczki chojnów wzór umowy pożyczki osoba prywatna kredyt gotówkowy w santander opinie pożyczki wielkopolska jaki jest numer zeby wziasc kredyt w orange szybkie pożyczki olsztyn kredyt bank w pulawach kredyt studencki pekao bp kredyt bank pakiet aktywny pożyczki finanse kredyt bank sa chojnice pożyczki od udziałowców w bilansie pożyczki płock umowa pożyczki taksa notarialna pozyczki atiz ostrow pożyczki z zfśs a pcc pożyczki na dowód bez zaświadczeń kłodzko kredyt bank kazimierzowskie kredyt w banku spółdzielczym kredyt samochodowy w firmie kredyt bank 2001 kredyt expert w uk forum czy warto brac kredyt w getin banku pożyczki pozabankowe w toruniu pensje w kredyt banku pożyczki dla dla każdego w uk pcc od umowy pożyczki między przedsiębiorcami pozyczka z up dla pracujacych pożyczki creditpol kredyt bank pobierz token kredyt bank w gryfinie kredyt inwestycyjny w idea bank szybkie pożyczki w uk podatek pcc od pożyczki udzielonej przez udziałowca bocian pożyczki preferencyjny kredyt studencki pko opinie parabanki pożyczki podatek od pożyczki prywatnej 2011 kredyt bank 1 oddział wrocław pożyczki pozabankowe bartoszyce kredyt bank krakow godziny otwarcia pożyczki nowa ruda bocian numer kredyty chwilówki mielec kredyt bank adres główny umowa pożyczki pomiędzy spółkami kapitałowymi w jakim banku mozna wziasc kredyt na dowod pożyczki gotówkowe dla młodych bocian pożyczki lubsko wzór umowy pożyczki między członkami rodziny czy mozna umorzyc kredyt w banku kredyt bank adres siedziby pożyczki dla młodych pożyczki online pierwsza za darmo kredyt bank wyciągi bankowe pożyczki prometeusz kredyt chwilówki legnica pwr pożyczki pożyczki nbp umowa pożyczki rewolwingowej wzór kredyt bank nr bic pożyczki z obsługą w domu klienta szybkie pożyczki kościan kredyt bank grojecka warszawa kredyt bank lokata rentierska kredyty chwilówki w jastrzębiu zdroju znaczenie kredytu bankowego slimak pozyczki kontakt kredyt bez bik do 25 tys pożyczki w lombardach pożyczki chwilówki żagań kredyty chwilówki tychy niepodległości kredyt bank euronet kredyt konsolidacyjny 20 lat pozyczka bank pko dla emeryta czy moze wziac kredyty chwilówki radom praca w którym banku wziąć kredyt na budowę domu kredyt bank poznań winogrady pawinski krzysztof warszawa pozyczki pożyczki w uk na rok pozabankowe kredyty wnioski kredytypożyczki oddłużenia ze złm w bik śląskie kredyt konsolidacyjny 15 lat pożyczki inwestycje pożyczki barcin kredyt samochodowy ranking listopad 2013 kredyt bank w pruszkowie pożyczki bez bik bytom pożyczki bez bik gostynin kredyty lublin pożyczki profi credit pożyczki prywatne brzeg kredyt bank wadowice godziny otwarcia pod jaki numer wziasc kredyt w orange pożyczki chwilówki żory kredyty sms bez bik kredyt bank bankomaty bez prowizji 2013 kredyty chwilówka stalowa wola pożyczki podobne do providenta warszawa wniosek o kredyt w banku spółdzielczym pożyczki na dowód bielawa gdzie w rzeszowie można dostać dobry kredyt bez bik skarabeusz pożyczki krosno pożyczki pozabankowe w pabianicach przelew zagraniczny do kredyt banku kredyt bank sosnowiec kontakt pożyczki chwilówki kielce bocian pożyczki dokumenty kredyt chwilowka zielona gora kredyt konsolidacyjny mbank oprocentowanie kredyt bank poznań morawskiego kredyty chwilówki akcja znicz pożyczki dla zadłużonych szczecin umowa pożyczki pieniężnej bez odsetek kredyt bank wrzutnia kredyty bez dokumentiw i bez bik pożyczki kruk kredyt konsolidacyjny w instytucjach pozabankowych kredyt bank oddział lublin żagiel kredyt bank radom żeromskiego godziny otwarcia pożyczki na weksel poznań kredyty chwilówki przez internet bez bik kredyt konsolidacyjny w bs kredyt bank goldenline fundacja warty i kredyt banku razem możemy więcej kredyt konsolidacyjny gotówkowy kalkulator kredyt bank olsztyn pieniężnego 14 kredyt konsolidacyjny dla zadłużonych kredyt bank białystok radzymińska telefon banki kredyty bez zaświadczeń kredyt samochodowy bez bik opinie kredyt bank oprocentowanie kart kredytowych kredyt bank oprocentowanie konta oszczędnościowego kredyt bank radom żeromskiego godziny otwarcia rata pożyczki sprzedaż kredyt banku luty 2012 najkorzystniejsza pozyczka bez krd żyrafa pożyczki chwilówki opinie pomoc publiczna pożyczki bank brodnicki kredyt forum przyrzeczenie pożyczki kredyt bank klienci indywidualni pożyczki na dowód siedlce pożyczki społecznościowe działalność gospodarcza pożyczki chwilówki zasady umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs a podatek dochodowy pożyczki zfśs w bilansie skarabeusz pożyczki bez bik kredyt bank godziny otwarcia kielce kredyt bank infolinia numer kredyt bank warszawa wlochy kredyt bank w legnicy pko bp kredyt mieszkaniowy symulacja kredyt bank okrąglak umowa pożyczki ngo firma kronos pożyczki kontakt pożyczki białystok kredyt na oddłużenie kalkulator pożyczki lukas bank kredyt mieszkaniowy dla młodych małżeństw forum unilinkpożyczka toruń kredyt bank token problem cechy pożyczki gotówkowej kredyt bank zakopane kontakt bocian pożyczki warszawa kwituję odbiór pożyczki pożyczki studenckie uk kredyty mieszkaniowe porównanie ofert pożyczki prywatne od prywatnych inwestorów oprocentowania w kredyt banku odsetki od pożyczki kosztem pożyczki pozabankowe w rzeszowie kredyt bank przelewy wychodzące godziny kredyt konsolidacyjny ustawa kredyt samochodowy w mbanku forum kredyt chwilowki przez internet gdzie kredyt samochodowy forum kredyt bank i santander kredyt bank fundusz global partners kredyt bank w przeworsku godziny otwarcia kredyt mieszkaniowy na remont domu bank pko sa kalkulator kredytu kredyt chwilówka ostrów mazowiecka pożyczki ruda śląska kredyty chwilówki gliwice opinie pozyczki prywatne do reki szybki kredyt bez biku charakter umowy pożyczki kredyt bank pbs pożyczki na dowód osobisty od ręki kredyt konsolidacyjny rrso umorzenie pożyczki z funduszu socjalnego a podatek kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zabezpieczeń 2012 pożyczki bez bik inowrocław pożyczki internetowe bez przelewu kredyty pozabankowe do 10000 kredyt samochodowy bez bik i big kredyty chwilówki bez bik wrocław optima pożyczki jakie raty kredyty samochodowe bank zachodni pożyczki na 60 dni pozyczki dla zadluzonych bez dochodu kredyt bank warszawa targowa godziny otwarcia kredyt bank aktywacja karty kredytowej obliczenie rat pożyczki kredyt gotówkowy w ing banku śląskim kredyt bank w jarocinie pożyczki na sam dowód osobisty lukas bank kredyt dla zadluzonych w biku kredyt bank w elblągu pożyczki dla jst kredyt bank włocławek kontakt kredyt bank szuwarowa godziny otwarcia kredyty bez biku dąbrowa górnicza kredyt bank lomza dworna pożyczki bez bik w ciechanowie kredyt bankowy pasywa czy aktywa kredyt w banku ślaskim kraków pożyczki prywatne pożyczki chwilówki bielsko kredyt studencki forum kredyty bez biku katowice umowa pożyczki z zabezpieczeniem wzór konsekwencje niespłacenia pożyczki banki kredyt bez bik warunki udzielenia pożyczki pożyczki bez erif pożyczki bez bik wągrowiec geronimo gdańsk pozyczka pożyczki pozabankowe olsztyn skarabeusz pożyczki kościan szybkie pożyczki bez bik kredyt bankowy literatura kredyt konsolidacyjny oblicz raty pożyczki w domu u klienta chorzów pozyczki skarabeusz opinie pożyczki prywatne szybkie pożyczki przez internet na konto pożyczki dla zadłużonych z komornikiem poznań kredyty chwilówki praca forum provident symulacja pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny alior kalkulator idea bank kredyty online pożyczki gotówkowe umowa zlecenie kredyt dla zadłużonych online kredyt bank sandomierz opodatkowanie odsetek od pożyczki wspólnika jak wziąć kredyt w banku pocztowym kredyty mieszkaniowe dla singli forum pozyczki dla zadlzonych bialystok zaciągnięcie kredytu bankowego jest operacją pożyczki prywatne częstochowa pożyczki meritum kredyt bank legnica rynek godziny otwarcia w jakim banku kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim kredyty gotówkowe bez zaświadczenia o dochodach kredyt bank warszawa żeromskiego godziny otwarcia najtańszy kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator rat pożyczki z fgśp w ktorym banku najtanszy kredyt kredyty chwilówki nobiles pożyczki inwestycyjne dla firm getin bank kredyt samochodowy ubezpieczenie pożyczki na świeta pożyczki gotówkowe przelicznik skarabeusz pożyczki dąbrowa górnicza kredyt bez bik grojec kredyt bank biała podlaska brzeska 21 regulamin pożyczki ze środków obrotowych pożyczki bez bik gryfice kredyty chwilówki łask pcc od pożyczki wspólnika spółki jawnej kredyt pozabankowy gliwice kredyt bank liczba oddziałów kredyt na dowod od reki pożyczki w domu klienta katowice kredyt bez bik jastrzebie zdroj kredyt w lukas banku kalkulator kredyt bank lokaty lipiec 2013 konsolidacja kredytów w wbk pożyczka w domu klienta pożyczki pko bp kredyty bez bik sochaczew pożyczki wg msr czy łatwo jest dostać kredyt w getin banku kredyty dla zadluzonych w biku poznan waloryzacja kwoty pożyczki kredyt bank bankomaty bez prowizji lublin kredyt bank sa lublin kredyt banku kursy walut umowa pożyczki pieniędzy koledze

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad