kredyt bank fundacja warty kredyty chwilówki świdnik kredyt bank lodz piotrkowska dyskontowanie pożyczki kredyt bank s a i oddział w warszawie uzasadnienie pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny bph kalkulator kredyt mieszkaniowy gdzie najłatwiej kredyt bank lublin windykacja kredyt w lukas banku kredyt bank jaslo profit pożyczki włocławek tanie pożyczki gotówkowe kwota pożyczki wolna od pcc kredyt bank wniosek online kredyty chwilówki inwestor kredyt bank lokaty negocjowane pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu warszawa szukam pożyczki szczecin kredyt bank warszawa wawelska kredyt bank w ełku pozyczka bez bik dla bezrobotnych łódź pożyczki bez wykazywania dochodu kredyt bank bielsko godziny otwarcia kredyt gotówkowy eurobank opinie kredyt samochodowy getin bank opinie pozyczki bez biku i zaswiadczen i dochodach mikropożyczki kraków kredyt bank jelcz laskowice kredyt bank w piasecznie kredyt bank nowy targ kontakt kredyt bank pocztowy opinie podatek dochodowy od nieoprocentowanej pożyczki szybki kredyt bez bik katowice pożyczki śląskie pożyczki bez zdolnosci kredytowej 24h kredyty bez bik walbrzych umowa pożyczki z firmy pożyczki w kasie stefczyka bocian pożyczki jaworzno wzór umowy pożyczki dla firmy szybkie pożyczki prywatne pod weksel kredyt bank częstochowa dekabrystów pożyczki dla zadłużonych bezrobotnych pożyczki prywatne brzeg umowa pożyczki z funduszu socjalnego kredyt mieszkaniowy umowa na czas określony kod kredytu do orange kredyty w nordea bank gdanskwrzeszcz pozyczki prywatne bez bik ubezpieczenie pożyczki w ing kredyty bez bik od 4000 sms kredyt bez biku activia 500 pozyczki czy sa w raciborzu pożyczki pozabankowe bielsk podlaski pko kredyt studencki zaświadczenie o studiowaniu kredyt bez bik na start kredyty bez biku kielce kredyty chwilówki w katowicach kredyt bank sa legnica pożyczki bez bik gniezno w jakim banku najlepiej wziąć kredyt 2013 kredyt konsolidacyjny wbk pożyczki gotówkowe na pit pożyczki bocian wałcz okres karencji w spłacie pożyczki gdzie kredyt pozabankowy bez bik cechy pożyczki odróżniające ją od kredytu getin bank online kredyt pcc od pożyczki od udziałowca dar pożyczki działdowo kredyt bankowy a pożyczka różnice kredyt bank rawicz kontakt idea bank kredyt opinie wzór umowy pożyczki pod zastaw kredyt bank w kolobrzegu pożyczki opole kredyt na start idea bank forum kredyty na dowod radomsko pożyczki social lending pozyczki na dowod wroclaw od 18 roku zycia kredyt bank fuzja z bz wbk kredyt bank nowy sącz jagiellońska pożyczki na dowód toruń nieznane pożyczki pożyczki dla zadłużonych z komornikiem kredyt mieszkaniowy komornik druk pożyczki pieniędzy kredyt w banku bez zaświadczeń kredyty pozabankowe bez bik kredyt konsumpcyjny bank millenium kredyt ok siedlce godziny otwarcia podatek od umowy pożyczki pieniędzy 2012 dwie pożyczki w jednym banku kredyt bank w sosnowcu brak zwrotu pożyczki przestępstwo idea bank kredyt dla nowych firm opinie numery tel pozyczki gliwice infolinia firmy slimak kredyty umowa przyrzeczenia pożyczki pożyczka bez dochodu i komornikiem na reke szybkie pozyczki w domu prodomo kredyt bank koło tel kredyt konsolidacyjny a gotówkowy kredyt bank płock godziny otwarcia pozyczki do domu inowroclaw auto kredyt bez bik forum gdzie najłatwiej dostać kredyt bez bik kredyt bank przeniesienie karty kredytowej kredyt bank łowicz telefon kredyt konsolidacyjny polbanku kredyt konsolidacyjny 40 000 kredyt bank częstochowa al nmp prywatne kredyty bez bik i krd koszty notarialne umowy pożyczki kredyt bank łódż kredyt bez bik i krd płock tarnów pożyczki bez bik wzór umowy pożyczki osoba prywatna kredyty chwilówki warszawa grójecka pożyczki na dowód prywatne szybki kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zabezpieczeń umowa pożyczki od brata wzór chwilówki poznań pożyczki poznań chwilówki mosina kredyt samochodowy w alior banku umorzenie pożyczki przez gminę potrącenie pożyczki mieszkaniowej kredyt konsolidacyjny 100 wartości nieruchomości getin noble bank kredyt obrotowy pozyczki bocian radom kredyt bank druki kredyt na samochód a umowa na czas określony pożyczki chwilówki opinie kredyt bankowy bez bik pożyczki dla organizacji pożyczki z komornikiem oprocentowanie depozytów w kredyt banku kredyt bank katowice godziny otwarcia pozyczki od osob rywatnych w zorach pożyczki do 12 miesięcy kredyty chwilówki oferta kredyty konsolidacyjne rzeszów pożyczki bez zaświadczeń szczecin kredyt bank w pile kredyt w lukas banku kalkulator błyskawiczne pożyczki pozabankowe kredyt bank warszawa marszałkowska kredyty bez bik jastrzebie zdroj pożyczki chwilówki kościan bocian pożyczki praca łódź kredyt konsolidacyjny czy gotówkowy lukas bank kredyt online kredyt bankowy w rachunkowości kredyt konsolidacyjny anglia pozyczki dla zadluzonych boleslawiec kredyt bank kod oprocentowanie pożyczki kalkulator pożyczki do 1200 deustche bank kredyt na dowod online najtańsze pożyczki ranking pożyczki społecznościowe a pcc pozyczka pozabankowa na splate chwilowek w bialymstoku odsetki od pożyczki kosztem podatkowym kredyt w bank zachodni wbk opinie szybkie kredyty bez bik przez internet el global rzeszów kredyty opinie kredyt bank rekomendacje pożyczki z komornikiem bank pko sa kredyt obrotowy kredyt studencki bank bps kredyt gotówkowy w deutsche banku opinie kredyty pozabankowe gniezno pożyczki z lombardu kredyt bez bik białystok kredyt bank zmiana limitu dziennego kredyt konsolidacyjny 30000 kredyt studencki w banku millenium pożyczki chwilówki podatki kredyt konsolidacyjny z bikiem pożyczki bez bik przez sms lokata strukturyzowana kredyt bank opinie kredyt bank sa kariera pożyczki bez zaświadczeń dochodach kredyt bank rzeszów godziny otwarcia pożyczki prywatne 30000 udzielenie pożyczki innej firmie provident pożyczki przelew pożyczki pod zastaw złota lublin kredyt mieszkaniowy w banku pekao sa kredyty bez bik zagraniczne kredyt chwilówki praca opinie pożyczki na dowód od ręki pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości mazowieckie kredyt konsolidacyjny bez umowy o prace auta na kredyt bez biku kredyt bank dłużnicy helikon pożyczki opinie kredyty bez biku forum biedronka pożyczki pożyczki z funduszy pożyczkowych kredyty chwilówki tychy tel pożyczki bez bik sopot kredyt bank połączenie kredyt bez bik nowa sól pokwitowanie zwrotu pożyczki skarabeusz pożyczki chełm wyliczanie rat pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny dla zadłużonych umowa pożyczki z udziałowcem wzór umowa pożyczki pod zastaw wzór kredyt bank lomza najtańsze pożyczki online pozyczki publiczne zalety chwilówki kredyty gotówkowe bankomaty kredyt banku lublin kredyty studenckie wbk kredyty trudne bez biku i prywatne siedziba kredyt banku warszawa rybnik pożyczki prywatne all money pożyczki pozabankowe wzór na obliczenie pożyczki kredyt bankowy wstęp kredyt bez bik ostrołęka symulacja kredytu gotówkowego bank pocztowy kredyt mieszkaniowy dla młodych małżeństw 2014 kredyt bank 24 logowanie pożyczki bez bik w radomiu czy umowa pożyczki podlega pcc kredyty konsolidacyjne na oświadczenie pokwitowanie odbioru kwoty pożyczki kredyt bank w grodzisku maz kredyty pożyczki rzeszów kredyty chwilówki w płocku kredyt konsolidacyjny w banku pocztowym umowa pożyczki w banku umowa pożyczki dla urzędu skarbowego kredyt mieszkaniowy w jakim banku forum kredyt bank warszawa wilanów kredyty chwilówki praca śląsk kredyt bank karpacz kredyt bank sulechów godziny otwarcia pożyczki dla pes kredyty pozabankowe czestochowa kredyt bank bankomaty darmowe pożyczka do domu płock szybkie pożyczki elbląg kredyt bank 1 oddział gdańsk kredyt lombardowy w banku kredyt bez bik i krd poznań pożyczki chwilówki aleksandrów kujawski pożyczka pawinski krzysztof warszawa pożyczki nysa kredyty sms bez bik lokata junior w kredyt banku pozyczki tempo finanse oddzial mosina kredyt bank ciechocinek kredyt bank liczba klientów kredyt bank złotoryja kredyty chwilówki w krakowie kredyt na już bez bik pożyczki chwilówki online opinie bnp paribas kredyt konsolidacyjny opinie pożyczki zamiast dotacji pożyczki kokos kontakt poszukuję pożyczki pod weksel kredyt bank wawa kredyt bez biku na oswiadczenie kredyty bez krd do domu akcje spółki kredyt bank sa w warszawie kredyty chwilówki opinie pożyczki pod zastaw sulejówek pożyczki na dowód wrocław pożyczki z narodowego funduszu ochrony środowiska kredyt hipoteczny getin pbs kalkulator kredyt bez bik ostrołęka kredyt bank marketing kalkulator rat pożyczki gotówkowej pożyczki społecznościowe zopa szybki kredyt bez zaświadczeń i bez bik jak zrobić przelew zagraniczny w kredyt banku kredyt bank w kępnie okres pożyczki umowa pożyczki pomiędzy osobami fizycznymi wzór kredyt bank radlin godziny otwarcia kredyt bez bik dla rolników kredyt bank krolewska kredyt bank leszno godz otwarcia bocian pożyczki piotrków trybunalski pcc od pożyczki udzielonej przez udziałowca kredyt bez bik na dłuższy okres pożyczki dla zadłużonych bez dochodu kredyt bank relacje inwestorskie kredyt bank w zgorzelcu kredyt bank jelenia góra wolności darmowe pożyczki bez bik optima kredyty warszawa kredyty chwilówki windykacja opinie kredyt bank oszuści pożyczki chwilówki bez dochodów pożyczki na oświadczenie warszawa wola getin bank kalkulator zdolności kredytowej kredyt bank małopolska chojnów kredyty bez bikkrd kredyty konsolidacyjne gdynia pożyczki pod zastaw nowy targ kredyty od reki od 18lat ostrowiec sw kredyty chwilówki malbork okres przedawnienia pożyczki bankowej kredyt bez bik w lublinie kredyt bank wrocław plac legionów godziny otwarcia pożyczki od osób prywatnych oferty kredyty dla studentów wbk kredyt konsolidacyjny słownik kredyt studencki pko rezygnacja prywatne pożyczki pod weksel kraków gdzie dobry kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyt chwilówka w krakowie kredyt bank limit wypłat pożyczki świnoujście pozyczki na dowód bez dochodów kredyty chwilówki brzesko szybkie pozyczki Żory bez krd kredyt bank kedzierzyn kredyt bank 11 listopada łódź darmowe pożyczki bez bik kredyt bank wrocław kontakt pożyczki pozabankowe duże kwoty kredyt bank niepodległości 54 pożyczki bez oprocentowania pożyczki bez przelewu pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości szczecin pożyczki długoterminowe w dąbrowie górniczej pożyczki getin bank pożyczki chwilówki online nowe pożyczki takie jak w providencie kredyt bez biku bez zaświadczeń banki kredyty mieszkaniowe przedłużenie umowy pożyczki a pcc kredyt studencki forum koszt przelewu zagranicznego kredyt bank opodatkowanie pożyczki 2012 pożyczki dla zadłużonych bez zaświadczeń pożyczki prywatne piaseczno kredyty konsolidacyjne kredyt bank kredyt konsolidacyjny pozabankowy pożyczki bez sprawdzania w bik i krd kredyt bank ken godziny otwarcia kredyty mieszkaniowe czy warto kredyty mieszkaniowe białystok bocian pożyczki elbląg oprocentowanie kredytów w banku pko bp pożyczki kalisz wzór weksla pożyczki pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości lublin kredyty bez bik zgierz pożyczki notarialne kredyt konsolidacyjny bank bph kalkulator kredyt konsolidacyjny jaki bank forum bocian pozyczki swiebodzin umowa pożyczki chwilówka pożyczki najtaniej alior bank kredyt gotówkowy jakie dokumenty bez biku kredyty oddłużeniowe konsolidacja szybkie pożyczki gotówkowe grudziądz kredyty bez biku koszalin kredyt bank sa w białymstoku kredyty i pożyczki prezentacja kredyt na samochód w getin banku pożyczki gdańska 69 bydgoszcz opinie wzór umowy pożyczki do pobrania umowa pożyczki z poddaniem się egzekucji najnowsze pożyczki chwilowki kredyt gotówkowy w credit agricole kalkulator kod kredytu w orange przyrzeczenie udzielenia pożyczki abil pożyczki trust pożyczki wzór umowy pożyczki osób prywatnych udowodnienie pożyczki kredyt bank x oddział warszawa pożyczki chwilowki grojecka godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki śmierć pożyczkobiorcy szybka pozyczka duza kwota pożyczki na umowe zlecenie kredyt bank logowanie firma pożyczki bocian rzeszów kredyt na oddłużenia kredyty pozabankowe piła kredyt bank wykaz placówek pożyczki gotówkowe gorzów umowa w sprawie pożyczki z zfśs forum pożyczki bez bik kredyt bank dział windykacji lublin kredyt bank polska kredyt bank targowa warszawa pożyczki bez bik nysa oprocentowanie kredytu mieszkaniowego pko kredyt bank nowy sacz kontakt kredyt bank wiatraczna kredyt bank przelicznik walut potrącenie pożyczki z wynagrodzenia za pracę afera o kredyt pożyczki pozabankowe krasnystaw prestige pożyczki pożyczki bez sprawdzania baz kredyt bank ruda śląska godziny otwarcia kredyt bank międzyrzec kredyt bank lublin narutowicza 55b kontakt pożyczki blog szybki kredyt bez bik wrocław pożyczki chwilówki dębica kredyt konsolidacyjny w pbs unilink cash pożyczki bez bik oferta kredyt bank w radości pożyczki bez bik w suwałkach kredyt bank 10000 wypowiedzenie kredytu w eurobanku pożyczki na dowód dla bezrobotnych wałbrzych kalkulator kredytu gotówkowego w banku pocztowym pożyczki wolska pożyczki ręki kredyt w tesco na dowod opinie kredyt bank wypłata bez prowizji kredyt konsolidacyjny citibank kalkulator kredyty konsolidacyjny bez zdolności kredytowej pożyczki gotówkowe dla pracujących za granicą zarobki w kredyt banku forum pożyczki prywatne śląskie pożyczki z komornikiem chorzów pożyczki polska różne polska usługi getin bank centrum kredytów samochodowych kontakt prosta umowa pożyczki wzór pożyczka na oświadczenie online 3000 umowa przedłużenia pożyczki umowa pożyczki z własnym pracownikiem kredyt bank filia nr 4 gdynia idea bank kredyt online opinie pożyczki bezzwrotne na działalność gospodarczą kredyt pozabankowy na dowód eurobank pozyczka przez internet bik umowa pożyczki co powinna zawierać umowa pożyczki pieniędzy a pcc kredyty bez bik stargard kredyt bankowy a rozwód kredyt w aib kredyt bank karwiny kredyt bank wodzisław kredyt bank centrala lublin kontakt kredyt bank rybnik kontakt kredyt bank białystok ul mickiewicza profi credit odnowienie pożyczki pożyczki bez bik dla prowadzących działalność pożyczki prywatne łódź kredyt samochodowy w alior banku przeniesienie pożyczki odsetki karne umowa pożyczki numer konta w kredyt banku kredyty od 18lat na dowod olsztyn pożyczki dla bezrobotnych poznań kontrakt pożyczki pożyczki bez bik i krd białystok lukas bank kredyt bez biku kredyty pozabankowe gliwice kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zyrantow kredyty dla zadluzonych białogard pożyczki bez bik i poręczycieli kredyt bank ruda śląska niedurnego awaria systemu w kredyt banku kredyty bez bik cała polska pozyczki pozabankowe bez sprawdzania bik i krd kredyt bank wysokie mazowieckie kredyt samochodowy w vw bank opinie chwilówki lublin pożyczki lublin chwilówki lubelskie kredyt refinansowy w alior banku kredyt dla firm bez bik zus kredyt bank wschowa pożyczki dla bezrobotnych pila kredyty bez bik krd kredyt chwilowka daja bez bik pożyczki bez opłat rejestracyjnych kredyty pozabankowe pod weksel użyczę pożyczki umowa pożyczki dla siostry kredyt bank lokaty 3 miesieczne kredyty chwilówki fordon kredyt bank oferty pracy warszawa umowa pożyczki chwilówki kredyt bank numer swift nowosc pozyczki do donu pożyczki udzielane z budżetu państwa są kredyty w idea banku udzielę pożyczki prywatnej łódź kredyty w domu klijenta jarosław kredyt bank w toruniu godziny otwarcia kredyt bank opłata za monit pożyczki pod zastaw złota tarnów kredyt bank franciszkańska pożyczka 5000 zl w bankuspółdzielczym pożyczki dla zadłużonych zielona góra kredyty bez bik zawiercie

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad