kredyt bez bik 10000 prodomo pożyczki opinie pożyczki inwestycje kredyt bank wrocław powstańców śląskich pożyczki dla będących w bik kredyt z banku ochrony środowiska kredyt bank warszawa puławska kredyty bez bik i dochodów pozyczki dla polakow w anglii bankomaty kredyt bank konin kredyt bank w pszczynie szybki kredyt online bez bik i krd kredyty mieszkaniowe knf kredyt konsolidacyjny najtańszy kredyt bank płace pożyczki gotówkowe pekao kredyt w eurobanku opinie 2013 gdzie dają pożyczki na dowód obliczenie oprocentowania pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny do 200 tys kredyt bank białystok mickiewicza kredyt porównanie banków umowa pożyczki dla spółki santander norwegia kredyty pożyczki od osób prywatnych płock kredyt bank w głogowie pożyczki ślimak bydgoszcz kredyt bank zamość godziny otwarcia pulawska kredyty chwilowki warszawa bez bik i krd pożyczki bez bik na dowód kraków kredyty mieszkaniowe czy warto kredyt bankowy a kupiecki kredyty bez bik w rybniku pożyczki pod weksel wrocław kredyt gotówkowy bez bik lublin pożyczki pod aktywa skarabeusz pożyczki kalisz kredyt bank konstancin godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki z bratem kredyt bank warszawa grójecka umowa pożyczki wzór spłata w ratach szybki kredyt bez zdolności kredytowej kredyty chwilówki gniezno kredyt bank kielce kontakt opodatkowanie odsetek od pożyczki osoby fizyczne pożyczki pozabankowe od zaraz kredyty chwilówki kołłątaja wrocław kredyt bank sa 24 kredyt bez bik dla zadłużonych przez internet darmowe pożyczki przez internet umowa pożyczki pieniężnej w rodzinie wzór pożyczki bez zdolności kredytowej legnica kredyt bank ul kasprzaka warszawa kredyt bez bik elbląg oprocentowanie kredytów w banku spółdzielczym kalkulator pożyczki lukas bank kredyt konsolidacyjny 2014 ranking pożyczki gotówkowe pozabankowe warszawa kredyt bez bik rzeszów kredyt bank brzesko pożyczki bez bik w banku kredyt obrotowy w idea bank opinie pozyczki bez dochodu pożyczki chwiłowki chwilowka tczew czy dostane pozyczke na dowod kredyty pozabankowe rzeszów kredyty poza bankowe bez big siedlce adresy i nr tel pożyczki od 18 lat online kredyt bank bydgoszcz godziny otwarcia tanie pożyczki gotówkowe kalkulator kredyty bankowe ksiegowanie dekretacja pożyczki pożyczki na dowód pozabankowe bank pekao kredyt online bez zaświadczeń bank spółdzielczy kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator pożyczka z zakładu pracya bik pożyczki bez bik dąbrowa górnicza kredyt bank krdbplpw umowa o zwrot pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki nowości jak wyliczyć odsetki od pożyczki od udziałowca pożyczka na dowód choszczno pożyczki dla zadłużonych w bik u deutsche bank kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator kredyt studencki pko forum warrus pożyczki kontakt najtańszy kredyt bankowy otrzymanie pożyczki a pcc konwersja pożyczki na kapitał podatek u źródła kredyt w millenium bank opinie firmy udzielajace kredytu bez sprawdzania bik i krd pożyczki ekspresowe na dowód ekspres kasa przedłużenie pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny alior bank opinie kredyt bank międzychód kredyty konsolidacyjne koszalin ekstra pożyczki kredyt bank w nidzicy kredyt bank grupa kapitałowa skarabeusz pożyczki kościan wcześniejsza spłata kredytu mieszkaniowego w pko bp pożyczki na dowód płock pożyczki wejherowo pożyczki gotówkowe gdynia kredyt konsumpcyjny bank pocztowy kredyt bank z wbk kredyt jako produkt bankowy kredyt samochodowy dla nowych firm kalkulator pożyczki z funduszu fundacji wspomagania wsi umowa pożyczki poręczyciel eurobank kredyt bez bik kredyt na dowód kredyt bez bik łódź umorzenie pożyczki fundusz socjalny kredyt bez bik płock pożyczki w księgach rachunkowych kredyt bank wesoła godziny otwarcia kredyt w getin banku na pit ekspresowe pożyczki bez bik pko bp kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator kredyt bank zmiana pinu kredyt bank rabka marr pożyczki dla firm oprocentowanie pożyczki od udziałowca 2012 kredyt bez bik wbk pożyczki piotrków trybunalski kredyt bank warszawa sadyba kiedy kredyt w banku ulega przedawnieniu kredyty bankowe charakterystyka przekształcenie pożyczki na kapitał zakładowy kredyt gotówkowy eurobank reklama kredyt w barclays przez internet kredyt mieszkaniowy marża banku slimak pozyczki kontakt kredyty konsolidacyjne kalisz kredyt na dowód bez bik i zaświadczeń umowa pożyczki świadek szybkie pożyczki bez bik szczecin księgowanie pożyczki z zfśs pożyczki prywatne w krakowie pożyczki przez internet 24h kredyt w mbanku opinie kredyt bank łódź wólczańska 178 optima pożyczki kołobrzeg kredyt mieszkaniowy dla młodych małżeństw 2012 gdzie mozna uzyskac kredyt bez bik kredyt bank warszawa wąwozowa pozyczka bez bik w getin banku pożyczki cieszyn pożyczki dla młodych ludzi bocian pozyczki radom provident pożyczki online podatek od pożyczki udzielonej spółce ing bank kredyt samochodowy pożyczki dla każdego bez bik kredyt bank kraków długa godziny otwarcia kronos pozyczki kredyty chwilówki prokuratura hasła reklamowe pożyczki pozyczka bez wykazywania dochodów kredyt bank sanok godziny otwarcia pozyczka bez bik pod zabezpieczenie boleslawiec czy ubezpieczenie pożyczki jest obowiązkowe wypowiedzenie pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny mbank oprocentowanie kredyty chwilówki tychy system partner pożyczki na dowód dla bezrobotnych pożyczki profinet kredyt bank śródmieście szybkie pożyczki bez zaświadczeń pożyczki na działalnosc kredyt bank warszawa godziny otwarcia sobota kredyt bank przelewy przychodzące godziny umowa pożyczki a kredyt konsumencki oprocentowanie pożyczki w pko sa pożyczki gotówkowe ing skarabeusz pozyczki pozabankowe lubin kredyty chwilówki piaseczno pożyczki dla przedsiębiorstw pozyczki na dowod wloclawek godziny otwarcia kredyt w banku spółdzielczym w łańcucie kredyt prywatny świdnica forum pożyczki w domu wałbrzych kredyt konsolidacyjny gdzie optima pożyczki piła kredyt bank sa regon nip kredyt bank białystok mickiewicza telefon kredyt konsolidacyjny po rozwodzie najnowsze pożyczki chwilowki pożyczki na dowód opole umowa pożyczki z poręczeniem wzór pożyczki gotówkowe bez zgody współmałżonka alior bank kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zabezpieczenia kredyt bank olecko kredyt banki mikołów po zabankowe pożyczki nowa ruda kredyty bez bik w warszawie w jakim banku wziąć kredyt rodzina na swoim umowa pożyczki na cele mieszkaniowe pozyczki pozabankowe bez pracy kredyt bank z kim się połączył pożyczki w firmie bocian kredyt chwilowki gdansk pożyczki prywatne pozabankowe warszawa pożyczki bocian bez bik kredyty chwilówki roznoszenie ulotek kredyt bank śliska pożyczki bez bik cały kraj kredyt bank białystok mickiewicza telefon potrzebuję pożyczki pod zastaw pożyczki pozabankowe ruda śląska firma uzyskała kredyt w banku 12 kredyt bez biku świdnica pożyczki bez bik chwilówki faktor pożyczki kredyty na umowe na czas okreslony umowa pożyczki dla firmy wzór neobank pożyczka bez bik pożyczki bez bik i krd wrocław pożyczki chwilówki białystok bez bik kredyty pozabankowe do 30000 podatek od pożyczki od rodziny wzór umowy pożyczki pomiędzy osobami fizycznymi alior bank kredyt jakie dokumenty pożyczki chwilówki poznań 23 lutego umowa pożyczki pieniędzy urząd skarbowy oferta pożyczki gotówkowej kredyt bank legionowo tel kredyt bez biku lodz umowa pożyczki pracownikowi orange kredyt na 5 zł kredyt bank grojec kredyt online bez bik i zaświadczeń żagiel pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt bank zołnierska kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zabezpieczenia kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator credit agricole pożyczki od wspólników a pcc kredyt bank elbląg godz otwarcia pożyczki prywatne pabianice czy kredyt w banku ulega przedawnieniu pożyczki prywatne bez bik szczecin kredyt bankowy w finansowaniu msp kredyty mieszkaniowe pko bp forum meritum bank kredyt online szybkie kredyty gotówkowe bez biku pożyczki domowe bocian kredyt bank sesje bankowe kredyt konsolidacyjny sgb twój kalkulator kredyt mieszkaniowy pko bp gdzie najłatwiej dostać kredyt mieszkaniowy umowa pożyczki ngo kredyt konsolidacyjny z poręczycielem pożyczki na oświadczenie warszawa wola pożyczki optima praca kredyt ze wsparciem unijnym idea bank forum pożyczki chwilówki limanowa promesa pożyczki bocian pożyczki jakie dokumenty potrzebne kredyt bank bednarska łódź kredyt bank kolegialna płock umorzenie odsetek od pożyczki skutki podatkowe kalkulator pożyczki gotówkowej w pko zabezpieczenie pożyczki wekslem in blanco pozyczki z obsluga w domu lask kredyt bank koło tel kredyt bank zielona gora kontakt kredyt konsolidacyjny wzór kredyty dla rolników bez biku kredyty chwilówki inwestowanie forum umowa pożyczki za granicą pcc bocian pożyczki reklama w tv pożyczki z negatywnym bikiem kredyt bank mieszkaniowy kredyt bez bik gotówkowy kredyty chwilówki wolbrom umowa pożyczki weksel pożyczki bez bik krd big w jakim banku najlepiej wziąć kredyt 2013 pro domo pożyczki opinie kredyt bank zabezpieczenie lokat kredyt bank w kielcach pożyczki na procent pożyczki bez biku od zaraz kredyt konsolidacyjny na dowód ranking banków kredyty konsolidacyjne pozyczka na umowe zlecenie w czestochowie pożyczki bez zabezpieczeń bik pozyczka bocian bytom kredyt bank praca opinie wniosek o kredyt bez bik tanie pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt bank aktywacja tokena kredyt studencki pko jakie dokumenty pożyczki pod zastaw rtv częstochowa pożyczki europejskie pożyczki prywatne pod zastaw warszawa czy od pożyczki płaci się pcc pożyczki pod zastaw udziałów kredyt studencki bank millenium kredyt bank janów łódź kredyt bank warta kredyt bank janów lubelski kontakt pożyczki bogatynia pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik przez internet pożyczki na dowód bez zaświadczeń kłodzko kredyt bank białystok zwycięstwa 8 c pewny kredyt konsolidacyjny wartość pożyczki kredyt bank sprzedaż waluty kredyt bez biku grudziadz bocian pozyczki radom pozyczki od reki na dowod bez zadnych oswiadczes kielce kredyt bank problem z logowaniem kredyt konsolidacyjny polbank kalkulator gdzie wziasc kredyt bez bik kredyt bank karmelicka umowa pożyczki spółka jawna pożyczki prywatne chełm kredyt studencki pko odroczenie spłaty pożyczki prywatne lubin mbank kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator rat kredyt bank fuzja z bz wbk kredyt bank gowork pożyczki alter meritum bank opinie kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyt bank bez biku pożyczki mieszkaniowe kalkulator pożyczki na dowód szczecinek pożyczki ostrów wielkopolski pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu gdańsk kredyt w pko bp opinie 2013 w jakim banku kredyt na mieszkanie forum przedawnienie odsetek od pożyczki kredyt bank sa adres bank spółdzielczy kredyt mieszkaniowy forum kredyt pozabankowy wzór umowy pożyczki pod zastaw mieszkania skarabeusz pożyczki kalisz kredyty bez bik i krd slask rejestracja kredytu w urzędzie skarbowym pożyczki na dowód sandomierz spłata pożyczki od rodziny kredyt bank wypowiedział ubezpieczenie na życie expres pozyczki infolinia pożyczki bez sprawdzania w krd kredyty chwilówki pszczyna kredyt samochodowy getin bank warunki kredyt bank żagiel lublin kontakt pomoc publiczna pożyczki pożyczki tygodniowki elbląg kredyt gotówkowy w bos bank kredyt bank ciołka godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki dla pracownika ze środków obrotowych pożyczki pozabankowe wieluń pożyczki dla osób pracujących za granicą kredyt bank poznań morawskiego kredyt bez bik legnica pożyczki pozabankowe lublin pożyczki bez biku w koninie wykop pożyczki kredyt bank jelenia góra kontakt druk wniosek o udzielenie pożyczki z pkzp pożyczki dla zadłużonych katowice kredyty i pożyczki cesja czy umowa pożyczki podlega opodatkowaniu kredyt bank kolbuszowa oprocentowanie kredytu konsolidacyjnego alior bank pożyczki rydułtowy pożyczki z obsługą w domu warszawa mikropożyczki pomorskie umowa pożyczki między udziałowcem a spółką kredyt na dowod gdynia tel osoby prywatne udzielające pożyczki kredyt bank logowanie kredyt konsolidacyjny w db kredyt opinie kredyt mieszkaniowy na remont mieszkania pożyczki na dowód zamość kredyt konsolidacyjny bez bik krd odsetki od pożyczki w deklaracji vat konto pożyczki długoterminowe lokaty w kredyt banku opinie kredyt bank pytania ranking kredytów samochodowych dla firm kredyty chwilówki pożyczki bez bik i infomonitor jak księgować pożyczki udzielone mikropożyczki indie umowa pożyczki z wekslem wzór pozyczki z obsluga w domu gdansk kredyt konsolidacyjny jakie dokumenty najtanszy kredyt w ktorym banku godziny graniczne w kredyt banku pożyczki chwilówki sms365 kredyt na firmę idea bank opinie pożyczki marka pożyczki na dowód bez zaświadczeń skarabeusz banki udzielajace kredytu wspolnotom szukam pożyczki prywatnej ogłoszenia 24 nowakka pożyczki umowa pożyczki między rodzeństwem kredyty chwilówki z komornikiem pożyczki bocian reklama pożyczki bez zaświadczeń o zatrudnieniu kredyty chwilówki kędzierzyn kredyty mieszkaniowe w 2014 r skok wesoła pożyczki bez bik umowa pożyczki z zfśs jaki dobry kredyt konsolidacyjny pozyczki bez bik i krd w domu klienta ruda slaska kredyt bank oplaty kredyt bank kb kredyt bank rydułtowy te pożyczki opinie pożyczki chwilówki zary kredyt na samochód dla firm bez bik pozyczki bez zdolnosci kredytowej od 18lat ranking kredyt bez bik który bank kredyt bez biku i zaświadczeń pożyczki bankowe dla emerytów dotacje unijne pożyczki kredyt bank sosnowiec modrzejowska godziny otwarcia kredyt studencki bank pko sa kredyt bez zaświadczeń forum ślimak pożyczki kraków provident koszt pożyczki pożyczki z zajęciami komorniczymi kredyty bankowe historia pozyczki do domu świdnica pożyczki gotówkowe siedlce kredyt bank lokata opinie kredyt w orange 5 zl kalkulator kredytu gotówkowego alior bank kredyt konsolidacyjny 50000 pożyczki chwilówki bez konta kredyty bez bik jelenia góra pożyczki bez bik tarnów kredyt bank katowice szafranka kredyty bez bik skok prywatne pozyczki w londynie pożyczki na chwilę pożyczki pod zastaw opatów kredyt konsolidacyjny jakie dokumenty potrzebne kredyt bank warta ubezpieczenia skarabeusz pożyczki krosno mikropożyczki opinie pożyczki kc pożyczki od osób prywatnych kielce kredyt bankowy a pożyczka pieniężna bocian pożyczki wymagania kredyt bank wrocław strzegomska godziny otwarcia kredyt bank wrocław gliniana pożyczka bez bik i krd z komornikiem kredyt mieszkaniowy w którym banku kredyt konsolidacyjny gotówkowy mbank zarobki kredyt bank forum pko bp sa kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator kredyt konsolidacyjny w bph opinie najtańsze pożyczki gotówkowe 2012 kredyty chwilówki grochowska w którym banku najtańszy kredyt mieszkaniowy getin noble bank kredyty samochodowe jastrzębie zdrój bocian pożyczki jaki procent kredyty samochodowe bez bik krd kredyt pożyczka pozabankowa kredyt bank lokaty 3 miesieczne pożyczki pozabankowe wołomin pożyczki udzielone i należności własne przykłady el global pożyczki szybkie pożyczki na umowe zlecenie kredyt w skok stefczyka umowa pożyczki z własnym pracownikiem pożyczki bez bik dlugoterminowe szukam pożyczki łódź pożyczki 24h opinie szybkie pożyczki kościan kredyt bank pszczyna godziny otwarcia kredyt konsolidacyjny katowice szybkie pożyczki bez bik bydgoszcz kredyty mieszkaniowe w banku spółdzielczym kredyt gotówkowy w meritum banku kredyt gotówkowy w pko sa opinie kredyt bank kasprzaka kontakt kredyt bank rudnickiego kredyt bank allegro kredyty gotówkowe bez bik dla firm pożyczki pozabankowe umowa pożyczki jaka forma kredyt bank w pabianicach pożyczki pod zastaw ełk kredyty mieszkaniowe starego portfela pożyczki na 60 dni kredyt inwestycyjny getin bank opinie kredyt bez biku gorzow pożyczki w niedziele kredyty bez bik w lesznie pożyczki pozabankowe bez wychodzenia z domu kredyt bank międzychód kredyt bank pocztowy forum kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim ranking

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

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Bill Casselman's Words of the World & Canadian Word of the Day:Their Etymologies & General Word Lore at www.billcasselman.com

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad