kredyty chwilówki grójec kredyt bank wiceprezes jak księgować pożyczki z zfśs tanie pożyczki gotówkowe kredyty chwilówki na raty kredyt bank w ostrołęce podatek od pożyczki pożyczki dla adwokatów umowa pożyczki w spółce komandytowej pożyczki gotówkowe świdnica pożyczki na dowód świdnica godziny graniczne w kredyt banku kredyt konsolidacyjny przykłady kredyty pozabankowe pod zastaw mieszkania pożyczki dla firm 2014 kredyty chwilówki ile się zarabia podatek od odsetek od pożyczki dla osoby fizycznej pożyczki kredyty w domu klienta kredyty bez bik tczew kredyt bank rumia kontakt kredyt bank włodawa godziny otwarcia standardowa umowa pożyczki zgoda na umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs w jakim banku najtańszy kredyt kredyt bank włocławek kontakt kredyt bank zielona góra niepodległości prywatne pozyczki do 50000 wrocław kredyt bank w sieradzu kredyty chwilówki krs pożyczki chwilówki piła kredyt samochodowy dla lekarza kredyt bank lokata terminowa pozyczki z komornikiem i windykacja szczecin czy kredyty chwilówki działają na prawie bankowym wzór umow fm bank kredyt inwestycyjny pozyczki dla zadlzonych bialystok afera w kredyt banku pożyczki chwilówki bez erif kredyt bank warszawa ul foksal pcc od pożyczki od udziałowca 2013 kredyt bank godziny otwarcia placówek kredyty chwilówki wałcz alior bank kredyt gotówkowy symulacja kredyt w bank pocztowy opinie pożyczki skok wołomin kredyty mieszkaniowe nowe zasady 2013 szybkie pożyczki kwidzyn kredyt konsolidacyjny z niska rata pożyczki na otworzenie działalności gospodarczej auto komis kredyt bez bik kredyty chwilówki grochowska pożyczki bez granic siemianowice śląskie umowa pożyczki pomiędzy firmami a pcc kredyt bank zawieszenie kredyt bank krakow wielicka kredyt bank kraków stradomska kredyt na umowe na czas określony kredyt bank w szczytnie kredyty studenckie jakie banki pożyczki bez bik na konto kredyty pozabankowe łódź kredyty chwilówki brzesko pożyczki na oświadczenie o dochodach bez bik kredyty pozabankowe bez bik i krd pożyczki optima piła kredyt getin bank oprocentowanie kredyt bank 3 marca 2001 umowa pożyczki pieniędzy od rodziny wzór kredyt bank kasprzaka 2 kredyty pozabankowe siedlce bocian pożyczki olsztyn telefon kredyt bank w slupsku kredyt gotówkowy bez bik katowice kredyt bank ostrobramska 101 umowa pożyczki dla nieletnich pożyczki od osób prywatnych pod weksel kredyt bank chojnice godziny otwarcia pożyczki chwilówki płońsk oprocentowanie kredytu studenckiego pko bp pożyczki jędrzejów kredyt studencki ing bank kredyty chwilówki garwolin kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator eurobank pekao sa kredyt wpis w big pożyczki bez bik rybnik mikropożyczki 2012 konwersja pożyczki na kapitał księgowanie kredyt odnawialny bez biku wycena bilansowa pożyczki w walucie gdzie najłatwiej uzyskać kredyt mieszkaniowy kredyt konsolidacyjny fortis bank umorzenie pożyczki cit grudziadz parkmar pozyczki pożyczki prywatne w gorzowie wlkp kredyt bank numer rozliczeniowy kredyty chwilówki windykacja opinie pożyczki pod zastaw lublin kredyty chwilówki piotrków tryb pożyczki do domu legnica bocian pożyczki reklama w tv jaki nr na kredyt orange umowa pożyczki z odsetkami odsetki od pożyczki koszty uzyskania przychodu pożyczki przez internet darmowe kredyt gotówkowy w banku pocztowym opinie business consulting pożyczki czy kredyt bankowy ulega przedawnieniu błyskawiczne pożyczki pozabankowe pożyczki pozabankowe w bełchatowie oprocentowanie kredytu w fm bank kredyt konsolidacyjny okres kredytowania expres pozyczki infolinia pożyczki pozabankowe gryfice kredyt bank braniewo kredyt chwilówka debica kredyty gotówkowe bez sprawdzania w biku prywatne pożyczki bez zastawu ogłoszenia chwilówka bez zdolności kredytowej kredyt bank wydruk potwierdzenia umowa pożyczki czy weksel kredyt bank sa email ing czy mozna wziasc kredyt na dowod tarnobrzegocian pożyczki kredyt studencki bank bz wbk wzór pisma pożyczki pieniędzy kredyt dla studenta bzwbk pożyczki pod nieruchomość pożyczki ostrów wlkp dla zadłużonych kontakt tel kredyt chwilówka klodzko kredyt bank karpacz pożyczki bez bik stalowa wola kredyt bez biku dla zadłużonych szybkie kredyty online bez bik umowy pożyczki wzór kredyt bank konto bankowe pożyczki z komornikiem kredyt prawo bankowe kredyt bank kondratowicza tel status pożyczki kredito24 pożyczki poza bankowe turek kredyt pozabankowy lodz kredyt gotówkowy bez bik poznan kredyt bez bik bez konta bankowego wysokość oprocentowania pożyczki z zfśs skok kredyty oddłużeniowe kredyt w banku online pożyczki bez biku opinie forma przekazania pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny encyklopedia bocian pożyczki poczta pożyczki chwilówki oława kredyt bez bik tarnów kredyt bank olsztyn pieniężnego kredyt bank oplata za prowadzenie konta kredyty chwilówki dłużnicy kredyt bank rakowicka kredyt pozabankowy do 5 tys kredyty chwilówki jaworzno leopold kredyt bank grybów umorzenie pożyczki z zfśś pożyczki oświecim kredyt samochodowy santander kalkulator pożyczki ze złą historią w bik kredyt konsolidacyjny na 15 lat bez zabezpieczeń pozyczka bez bik pod zabezpieczenie boleslawiec kredyty bez biku i krd pożyczki osobiste kredyt bank warszawa ul ostrobramska 101 pożyczki pozabankowe nysa umorzenie pożyczki rodzinnej pożyczki oferty chwilowki bez zdolnosci kredytoeej na dowod kredyt bez bik szczecinek kredyt bank opole kontakt kredyt bank elblag kontakt kredyt bank żary telefon umowa pożyczki wzór darmowy kredyt bank windykacja nr telefonu kredyt bank altus katowice kredyt bank lokaty online opodatkowanie umowy pożyczki 2012 pożyczki bez bik do 2000 zł kredyt w banku żubr szukam pożyczki katowice kredyt bank wniosek o zamknięcie konta kredyt bank w ostrowie wlkp kredyty chwilówki bytom piłsudskiego kredyty chwilówki warszawa bielany kredyt bank nordea kredyty chwilówki w katowicach kredyt bank mikołajki pożyczki chwilówki bielsko pożyczki na telefon bez bik lublin pożyczki chwilówki gliwice kredyt na samochód bez bik poznań kredyt bank sa opinie kredyt bank warszawa godz otwarcia kredyt bank najgorszy pożyczki od 18 roku życia kredyt bank rezygnacja z karty kredytowej kredyt bank pruszków kredyt pozabankowe online kredyty chwilówki wałbrzych broniewskiego pozyczki bez zdolnosci kredytowej torun bocian pożyczki lublin getin noble bank kredyty firmowe kredyty mieszkaniowe sgb alior bank kredyt konsolidacja pożyczki chwilówki piotrków trybunalski kredyt pozabankowy bez zaświadczeń koszt pożyczki kredyt bank łączy się wniosek o umorzenie pożyczki wfośigw kredyt konsolidacyjny na wyciąg z konta jak wziąć kredyt w orange za 5 zł pozyczki gotuwkoiwe prywatne firmy pożyczki novum kredyt bank warszawa godz otwarcia kredyty chwilówki w pile pożyczki chwilówki płońsk kredyt bank opłata za kartę kredyt bez bik i krd zielona góra kredyt pracowniczy w banku kredyt bank białystok mickiewicza telefon kredyt bank białystok zwycięstwa pożyczki piotrków trybunalski pożyczki pozabankowe koszalin santander consumer kredyt samochodowy kalkulator ksiegowanie przelewow w kredyt banku ekspres kasa spłata pożyczki umorzenie pożyczki przez bank opodatkowanie odsetek od pożyczki dla osoby fizycznej kredyt w banku aig pozyczki września kredyt bank zmiana hasła kredyt bez bik września umowa pożyczki w transzach proximus pozyczki pożyczki na dowód bez bik kalkulator kredyty chwilówki tychy fabryczna 12 kredyt bank bankomaty bez opłat kredyt konsolidacyjny w banku pocztowym symulacja kredytu na kamienice jak zwiększyć kredyt odnawialny pekao kredyty chwilówki płock sienkiewicza kredyt bez bik i krd poznan bank udzielajacy pozyczki z dochodami z zagranicy w jakim banku pozyczka na dowod kredyt bank opłata za sms kredyt refinansowy w banku pocztowym kredyt bank oferta ror udzielenie pożyczki udziałowcowi przez spółkę kredyty chwilówki windykacja opinie księgowanie umorzenia pożyczki kredyt w banku pko opinie pożyczki bez bik ranking kredyt bank relacje inwestorskie kredyt bez bik w płocku pożyczki bez bik skarbiec kredyt bank rzeszów kontakt kredyt mieszkaniowy przy umowie na czas określony bocian pożyczki gotówkowe kalisz pożyczki social lending pożyczki dla zadłużonych 2013 potwierdzenie pożyczki wzór pozyczki nasielsk warszawska na oswiadczenie kredyt bank żagiel lublin kontakt pożyczki prywatne tarnów kredyt bank oddział w dębicy kredyt bank mickiewicz białystok pożyczki dla pracowników banków kredyt konsolidacyjny jak dostać umowa pożyczki na cele mieszkaniowe z zfśs kredyt samochodowy santander kredyt bank bezpłatne bankomaty feniks pożyczki białystok pożyczki bez baz przez internet tanie pożyczki przez internet korzyści z pożyczki gotówkowej kredyt bank chrobrego bocian pożyczki łódź potrzebuje pożyczki bez bik pożyczki pozabankowe trójmiasto umowa pożyczki od osoby obcej pożyczki pod weksel łódź pożyczki podatek od czynności cywilnoprawnych kredyt preferencyjny dla rolników bank spółdzielczy pozyczki bez bik pozabankowe pożyczki bez bik białystok kredyty gotówkowe bank pko sa wniosek o udzielenie pożyczki pkzp wzór kredyt bank warszawa rondo onz karencja pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny bez badania zdolności unilinkpożyczka toruń umowa pożyczki wzór weksel pożyczka chwilówka konin zabezpieczenie pożyczki po angielsku kredyt bank wpłata na konto praca w pro domo pożyczki pcc od pożyczki formularz szybkie pożyczki społecznościowe przez internet bocian pożyczki dokumenty ubezpieczenie pożyczki ing mbank kredyt samochodowy pożyczki jednostek samorządu terytorialnego pożyczki bocian gniezno jakie zarobki w kredyt banku bocian pożyczki oddział warszawa pożyczki porównywarka kredyt bank warszawa marki zdunska wola kredyt pod zastaw samochodu pilny kredyt pozabankowy kredyt studencki pko sa dokumenty uzasadnienie przyznania pożyczki pożyczki od ręki łódź pożyczki mieszkaniowe zfśs kredyt studencki pekao sa dokumenty mikropożyczki definicja skarabeusz pożyczki przemyśl pożyczki żagiel kredyt konsolidacyjny na dokończenie budowy domu bocian pożyczki lubsko windykacja pożyczki prywatnej emida pożyczki prywatne pożyczki bez bik chełm santander bank kredyty konsolidacyjne pożyczki z opóźnieniami kredyt konsolidacyjny notus kredyt w euro które banki szybkie pożyczki internetowe kredyty mieszkaniowe dla pracujacych w anglii pożyczki gotówkowe bank pekao sa pożyczki pozabankowe na już numer konta w kredyt banku umowa pożyczki ze stowarzyszeniem kredyt bank opłata za kartę pozyczka tygodniowka elbląg pożyczki w citibank dobranie w takto pozyczka pożyczki bez bik i krd online kredyt bank forum pracowników pożyczki kętrzyn kredyt bank w pulawach placówki kredyt banku gdańsk kredyt bez bik inowrocław pożyczki bez bik wejherowo kredyt pozabankowy w banku kredyt mieszkaniowy polbank kalkulator kredyt w deutsche bank opinie kredyt bank garbary 71 kredyt bank marza pożyczki bez wizyty w banku pozyczki na dowod bez zaswiadczen elk pożyczki marka czy mozna wziasc kredyt na dowod w uk optima pożyczki gliwice kredyt w banku millenium opinie pożyczki wielkopolska kredyt bankowy co to jest kredyty chwilówki wałbrzych funkcje pożyczki kredyty bez bik będzin kredyt bank focha 4 bydgoszcz udział kredytów w aktywach banku bocian pożyczki nowogard wymagalność zwrotu pożyczki uczciwe pożyczki prywatne kredyt gotówkowy bez bik iz komornikiem pożyczki toruń kredyt bank niepodległości 54 kredyt bank ekstrakonto plus bankomaty pozyczka typu provident euro cen bocian praca kredyty chwilówki płock kredyt bank nidzica kontakt kredyt mieszkaniowy pozabankowy pożyczki cywilno prawne kredyt bank kanały dystrybucji kredyt konsolidacyjny bank pko pożyczki bez bik co to kredyt bank zamość godziny otwarcia kredyt bank w żarach kredyt bank świdnik godziny otwarcia kredyt samochodowy bez sprawdzania w biku drobne pożyczki pozyczka w pko praca zagranica bocian pożyczki kielce kredyt konsolidacyjny comperia kredyty pożyczki dla zadłużonych bank santander kredyt na komornika kredyty bez bik łomża kiedy umowa pożyczki nie podlega pcc kredyty chwilówki praca zarobki kredyty chwilówki polska kredyt bank grodzisk mazowiecki kontakt kredyty bez bik z komornikiem pożyczki gotówkowe tarnowskie góry pożyczki bez bik big krd bydgoszcz kredyt studencki pekao sa opinie nefis pożyczki oszukuje umowa pożyczki wolna od podatku kredyty chwilówki dąbrowa górnicza kredyt bank w białymstoku ul warszawska kredyt bank w sosnowcu warunki otrzymania kredytu konsolidacyjnego wbk kredyty chwilówki konsolidacja opinie rezygnacja z karty kredytowej multima wzórkredyt bank obligacja 6 pożyczki narodowej czy pozyczki activia sa bez biku pożyczki online bez bik zaświadczeń kredyt bank duplikat karty ranking kredytów mieszkaniowych październik 2012 umowa pozyczki pomiedzy matka a corka umowa pożyczki cywilnej wzór kredyty chwilówki pyskowice kredyty chwilówki zarabiaj z nami kredyt na auto bez bik allegro niespłacenie pożyczki kredyty bankowe konto wynikowe kredyt bank dt umowa pożyczki raty bank pko sa kredyty konsolidacyjne kredyty chwilówki dokumenty kredyty bez biku w poznaniu pożyczki gotówkowe w domu klienta opole pożyczka bez dochodów zyrafa pozyczki pod jaki numer bierze sie kredyt w orange kredyt bank 10 kredyt gotówkowy w alior banku opinie kredyt bank ken 98 mikropożyczki dolnośląskie pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik przez internet kredyt bank radom żeromskiego 41 kredyty bez bik świdnica kredyt bank zabezpieczenie lokat kredyt bank lokaty internetowe kredyt mieszkaniowy ing oprocentowanie umowa pożyczki przedawnienie roszczeń kredyt bank warszawa grójecka 186 kredyt gotówkowy eurobank forum forma prawna pożyczki alior bank kredyt dla emeryta kredyt chwilówka spłata kredyt bankowy na wykup mieszkania z komornikiem kredyt gotówkowy deutsche bank opinie ranking banków na kredyt pożyczki polbank bocian pożyczki lubań pozyczki prodomo wejherowo pożyczki bez bik rumia pożyczki 0 kredyt bank placówki optima pożyczki opinie kredyt dla firm bez bik zus kredyty na raty bezrobotnym ina zasiłku stałym pożyczki niskooprocentowane kredyt mieszkaniowy w deutsche banku kredyt mieszkaniowy na 120 wartości podatek od pożyczki pienieżnej kredyt do 15000 bez bik pożyczki dla odrzuconych przez bank pożyczki bez biku poznań kredyt bank oława niezgłoszenie pożyczki do us provident pożyczki przelew kredyt mieszkaniowy dla samotnych matek 2013 pożyczki oddłużające bocian pożyczki pomorskie konwersja pożyczki na kapitał wzór pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu opole pożyczki 30 tys kredyt gotówkowy w pko sa kalkulator pożyczki agh kredyt mieszkaniowy pod zastaw innego mieszkania kredyty chwilowki pl bez bik pożyczki bez biku tarnów umowa pożyczki pcc wzór w jakim banku kredyt na dom uk prywatne pożyczki gotówkowe katowice activia 500 pozyczki czy sa w raciborzu pożyczki dla bezrobotnych na raty kredyt bank częstochowa kontakt czy kredyty chwilówki działają na prawie bankowym bocian pozyczki dla zadluzonych mikropożyczki 2012 kredyt bank centrum kart płatniczych kredyty bankowe forum kredyt bank katowice kościuszki kredyty bez bik bez zaświadczeń windykacja pożyczki z zfśs kredyty bankowe porównanie pilny kredyt pozabankowy kredyt z banku pocztowego pożyczki dla pracujących na czarno kredyt studencki pko bp 2013 pożyczki publiczne pożyczki bez wychodzenia z domu bez bik umowa pożyczki między rodzicami a dziećmi kredyt bank lokata forum

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

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funny sayings

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad