kredyt bank krosno godz otwarcia pożyczki bez biku przemyśl pożyczki bez bik i krd i big szukam pożyczki śląsk kredyty bez bik inowrocław pożyczki bez bik i krd rzeszów kredyt na mieszkanie w banku spółdzielczym kredyt w pko sa forum kredyt bank zmiana nazwy pożyczki chwilówki rumia umowa kredytu pożyczki gdzie najlatwiej po pozyczke pod zastaw domu kredyt bank sa szczecin kredyt bank wcześniejsza spłata kredytu pożyczki olsztyn na dowód duży kredyt pozabankowy szybkie pożyczki bez bik włocławek kredyt bank karta prepaid udziele drobnej pozyczki zywiec pożyczki chwilówki rumia pożyczki chwilówki łódź narutowicza kredyty chwilówki tarnowskie góry bankomaty kredyt banku w lodzi kredyt bank nowa lista haseł banki kredyty pożyczki kredyt w pekao sa forum umowa pożyczki od wspólnika wzór kredyty na dowod 18lat olsztyn kredyt bank wrocław legnicka godziny otwarcia ubezpieczenie pożyczki po co kredyty pozabankowe wrocław kredyty bez biku i zaświadczeń express finance pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny mbank oprocentowanie mariusz tierling poznań pożyczki kredyt bank przejęcie bankowe pozyczki bez bik kredyt bank marki godziny otwarcia kredyty mieszkaniowe bez bik i krd kredyt bank chwaszczyńska gdynia pożyczki prywatne słupsk wniosek o kredyt studencki pekao sa aktulany spis pozyczek dla zadluzonych kredyt na dowod w credit agricole pożyczki chwilówki praca pożyczki domówki grudziądz pożyczki pozabankowe we wrześni kredyty online bez bik kredyt bank wpłata na konto bocian pożyczki oborniki bezpłatne pożyczki online umorzenie odsetek od pożyczki przychód kredyt samochodowy dla nowej firmy kredyt samochodowy dla młodych pożyczki pozabankowe dla zadłużonych bydgoszcz kredyty bez bik radomsko kredyty chwilówki libiąż umowa pożyczki komornik kredyt dla pracujących za granica forum forma przekazania pożyczki mariusz dudziński pożyczki pożyczki w domu łódzkie oddziały kredyt banku we wrocławiu kredyt millenium bank opinie pożyczki pod zastaw szczecin 24h przedawnienie roszczeń z tytułu pożyczki bankowej prywatne pożyczki pozabankowe bez sprawdzania w bik pożyczki prywatne jelenia góra open finance krakow pozyczki poza bankowe kredyty bankowe konto karta kredytowa deutsche a bik kredyt pozabankowy forum pożyczki podobne do vivus kredyt bank lublin narutowicza 55b kredyt bank tarnowskie góry pożyczki pewne kredyt gotówkowy w banku bph kredyt pozabankowy kielce kredyty mieszkaniowe forum 2014 pozyczki z komornikiem krd bik lublin 2014 forum księgowanie pożyczki dla pracownika kredyt konsolidacyjny wymagania kredyt bank sa lublin kontakt czy warto brać kredyt w getin banku kredyty bez bik na raty gdzie dostać kredyt bez bik kredyt online w idea bank kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator skok stefczyka kredyt mieszkaniowy przy umowie na czas określony pożyczki pozabankowe śląsk pożyczki oprogramowanie opłaty manipulacyjne kredyt studencki pko bp kredyt konsolidacyjny w banku wbk pożyczki gotówkowe na dowód wrocław nadpłata pożyczki ing kredyt bank przeniesienie karty kredytowej kredyt bank kraków oddziały szybkie pożyczki kielce jaki druk pcc od umowy pożyczki kredyt w 15 minut na dowod w kb24 kredyt bank sa w lublinie eurobank kredyt konsolidacyjny kontakt opodatkowanie odsetek od pożyczki 2012 kredyt bank raty infolinia pożyczki pozabankowe we wrześni pozyczki chwilowki na dowow osobisty walbrzych kredyt studencki na mieszkanie lukas bank kredyt bank sa inowrocław pożyczka bez baz 2014 kredyt bank garibaldiego pożyczki na otwarcie działalności gospodarczej pożyczki bez bik bankowe kredyt w kredyt banku kredyt chwilówki żary kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zaświadczeń kredyt chwilówka ostrów mazowiecka kredyty chwilówki oława raciborz pozyczka pod weksel kredyt chwilowka kredyt bank bankomaty lublin pożyczki bogatynia sync bank kredyt na dowod pożyczki prywatne lubuskie kredyty pozabankowe piekary śląskie kredyt bank w goleniowie kredyty chwilówki przez internet bez bik pozyczki providus umowa pożyczki forma pisemna pożyczki online bez prowizji bocian pożyczki czarnków kredyt bez bik oprocentowanie kredyt bankowy a kupiecki pożyczki na dowód olsztynek pożyczki wikipedia kredyt bank zmiana pinu karty pożyczki polkowice czy mozna wziasc kredyt na dowod kredyt mieszkaniowy pko bp kredyty forum dyskusyjne kredyt bank płock ul kolegialna godziny otwarcia kredyt bank investor relations kredyt bez bik 200 tys pko bp kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim pożyczki bezzwrotne w policji kredyt bank godziny pożyczki prywatne etc alior bank kredyt dla studenta kredyty chwilówki jaki procent kredyty bez bik online kredyt mieszkaniowy 130 kredyt bank wyciag z konta druk zwrotu pożyczki potrącenia pożyczki z wynagrodzenia pożyczki bez biku gdańsk kredyt w orange na jaki nr pożyczki bez biku częstochowa pożyczki pod zastaw nowy targ kredyt studencki umorzenie forum pokwitowanie zwrotu pożyczki vivus wysokość pożyczki została zmniejszona kredyt bank w ostrołęce kredyt bank warszawa sadyba kredyt przez internet bez biku pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości częstochowa kredyt konsolidacyjny bez sprawdzania bik pożyczki chwilówki płońsk kredyt bank w puławach pożyczki bez bik do 5000 poszukuje pożyczki pozabankowej kredyt bank tarnobrzeg kontakt pożyczki z lombardu pozyczka bez zdolnosci kredytowej udzielę prywatnej pożyczki katowice meritum bank kredyt opinie kredyt na już bez bik kredyt bankowy definicja pdf ing pożyczka samochodowa sprzedaż kredyt banku luty 2012 kredyt bank marketing manager kredyt bank żywiec godziny otwarcia kredyt mieszkaniowy dla prowadzących działalność kredyty bez bik bytom bank pko sa kredyt konsumpcyjny pozyczki prywatne kredyt bank warszawa krs kredyt bank warszawa abrahama 18 udzielone pożyczki ang kredyt bank jarosław godziny otwarcia kredyt mieszkaniowy dla młodego małżeństwa kredyt bank warszawa mapa alior bank kredyt symulacja najtańszy kredyt konsolidacyjny 2013 oddłużanie pożyczki udzielę pożyczki bez przedpłat w jakim banku kredyt gotówkowy 2013 kredyt konsolidacyjny kiedy rentowność pożyczki kredyt studencki pko pierwsza transza umorzenie pożyczki po jakim kursie kredyt bank poznań morawskiego wypowiedzenie umowy pożyczki prywatnej umowa pozyczki pod zastaw pożyczki w euroexpert kredyt obrotowy w alior banku warunki kredytu mieszkaniowego w pko bp optima pożyczki malbork kredyty chwilówki praca leszno pozyczki provident i inne krakow kredyt bank giełda notowania udzielenie pożyczki udziałowcowi przez spółkę pożyczki bez bik na zakup mieszkania kredyt bank karwiny godziny otwarcia umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs byłemu pracownikowi wycena pożyczki wg zamortyzowanego kosztu pożyczki gryfino wniosek o kredyt w credit agricole sesje przelewów w kredyt bank kredyt bank wloclawek kredyty chwilówki w łodzi pożyczki z zakładu pracy pożyczki bez bik kredyt pozabankowy plock pożyczki przez internet bez zaświadczeń i bik kredyt studencki pko forum kredyt samochodowy bez bik na oświadczenie kredyt bank grybów udzielenie pożyczki przez spółkę innej spółce kredyt bez zaświadczeń o zarobkach forum kredyt bank obsługa klienta umowa pożyczki odsetki za zwłokę kredyt konsolidacyjny credit agricole opinie kredyt w lukas banku opinie kredyty bez bik i komornika kredyty chwilówki bez zdolności ubezpieczenie pożyczki pekao sa pożyczki bez bik i krd gorzów wlkp kredyt bank skawina godz otwarcia pożyczki bez bik gdańsk regulamin pożyczki w eurokoncie skarabeusz pożyczki konin optima pozyczki na dowod chwilowki kredyt bank regon kredyt bank ike kredyty chwilówki nowy bytom kredyt pozabankowy skarbiec kredyt bank sa warszawa kontakt pożyczki bez bik słupsk medicover kredyt bank warszawa kredyty bez bik slask kredyt bank olsztynek kredyty chwilówka żywiec wysoki kredyt bez bik lodz bank pko bp kredyty dla wspolnot mieszkankowych kredyt bank czas przelewu umowa pożyczki pieniężnej z wekslem reklama pożyczki umowa pożyczki zgłoszenie pożyczki gdańska 69 bydgoszcz kredyty pozabankowe świętochłowice kredyty chwilówki radomsko kredyt bank świdnica godziny otwarcia optima pożyczki windykacja jakie oprocentowanie pożyczki od wspólnika kredyty bez bik sosnowiec kredyty chwilówki jana pawła warszawa pożyczki gotówkowe pożyczki bez bik 20000 zł bikuś pożyczki kredyty i pożyczki jst symulacja kredytu w banku wbk pożyczki udzielone przez polskę pożyczki pozabankowe w gdańsku kredyt bank w aleksandrowie kujawskim kredyty chwilowki ruda slaska pożyczki na sam dowód kredyt mieszkaniowy luty 2013 kredyt bez bik wałbrzych hasła reklamowe pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny po rozwodzie szybkie pożyczki tczew szybkie pożyczki w internecie pożyczki bzwbk pożyczki bez bik i krd katowice pożyczki chwilówki zamość pożyczki gotówkowe lodz kredyty chwilówki windykacja opinie kredyt bank spółdzielczy pożyczki dla firm bez big kredyt bank olecko kredyty bez biku wałbrzych udzielę prywatnej pożyczki bez opłat wstępnych pożyczki od internautów pożyczki na chwilę pawinski krzysztof warszawa pozyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny dla osób z komornikiem kredyty chwilówki na firme szybka kasa pożyczki jak zaksięgować pcc od umowy pożyczki bocian pożyczki jarocin kredyty chwilówki biznes kredyt bank toruń godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki pieniędzy pcc pożyczki online dla bezrobotnych kalkulator odsetek od pożyczki z zfśs eden pożyczki warszawa bkie pozyczki domowe kraków pożyczki bez bik zgierz dombank kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyt bank zniknie expres pozyczki infolinia pożyczki bez bik piaseczno kredyty chwilówki wynagrodzenie kredyt bankowy sciaga kredyt mieszkaniowy dla studenta 2013 kredyty chwilówki franczyza kredyt bank przejęcie 2011 kredyty bez bik lubliniec wypowiedzenie ustnej umowy pożyczki kredyt bank katowice mielęckiego kredyt konsolidacyjny najdłuższy okres kredytowania kredyt konsolidacyjny doradca kredyty bez bik samochodowe kredyt przez internet w idea bank 10000 szybkie pożyczki bez sprawdzania baz który bank daje pożyczki bez bik kredyt bank pbi sa pozyczki prywatne cywilno prawne na 30000 olesnica pożyczki dla firmy udzielanie pożyczki bocian jakie wymagania kredytowe umowa pozyczki a smierc pozyczkodawcy warszawa pożyczki pod zastaw szybkie pożyczki bartoszyce pożyczki delfin kredyty bankowe pojęcie prywatne pozyczki pod zastaw szczecin mikropożyczki dla firm 2012 wzór promesy pożyczki umowa pożyczki z zabezpieczeniem wekslowym kredyt bez bik krd przez internet umorzenie pożyczki z pfron pożyczki bez sprawdzania bik i big kredyt bank mikołów telefon skarabeusz pożyczki krs pożyczki pod zastaw pkd kredyt w banku spółdzielczym opinie kredyt bank dla firm szybkie pożyczki przez internet na konto pożyczki gotówkowe niskooprocentowane kredyt w banku bez biku pożyczki na 60 dni szybki kredyt bez sprawdzania w bik kod na kredyt na orange kredyt w działalności banku pożyczki nie z banku warunki kredytu w kredyt banku umowa pożyczki wzór bez odsetek pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości poznań pożyczki podobne do vivusa kredyt bank twardzickiego kredyt bank goldenline szybkie pożyczki gotówkowe bez bik kredyt bank pelplin godziny otwarcia kredyty bez bik puławy kredyt bank przelew z karty kredytowej kredyt na samochod bez bik prywatny warszawa kredyt bank w rankingach druk umowy pożyczki data wymagalności pożyczki umowa pożyczki między matką a synem pożyczki nowa ruda umowa pożyczki referat pozyczki pod weksel olkusz kredyt konsumpcyjny bank pożyczki gotówkowe parabanki kredyty pod zastaw bez bik pożyczki pozabankowe bez dochodu kredyt bank piotrków godziny otwarcia skarabeusz pożyczki krs kredyt w banku w holandii pożyczki chwilówki kontakt pożyczki wierzyciel chwilowka tczew czy dostane pozyczke na dowod pożyczki prywatne umowa kredyt bank nr regon kredyty na dowod radomsko kredyt mieszkaniowy warunki otrzymania kredyt bank legnica godz otwarcia kredyty bez biku i z komornikiem pan kowalski zaciagnal kredyt w banku w wysokosci 40000 kredyty mieszkaniowe bez zdolności kredytowej najtańszy kredyt na 30 tyś bez bik umowa pożyczki dla firmy wzór umowa pożyczki między udziałowcem a spółką pożyczki gotówkowe porównanie kredyt studencki pko kalkulator kredyt bank galaxy szczecin pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu opinie idea bank kredyty online kredyt na mieszkanie w alior bank pożyczki do domu warszawa open finance krakow pozyczki poza bankowe pożyczki otwock aktywny druk umowy pożyczki kalkulator rat pożyczki pożyczki bocian lublin kredyt mieszkaniowy jaka waluta kredyt bank pisz długotermonowe pożyczki bez bik kredyty konsolidacyjne tychy kredyt bank rekrutacja w jakim banku dostane kredyt z komornikiem umowa pożyczki odsetki karne umowa pożyczki dla stowarzyszenia wzór kredyty chwilówki pruszcz gdański pożyczki bez zdolności kredytowej z komornikiem pozyczki na dowod wloclawek godziny otwarcia kredyt bank lokata 6 miesięcy kredyty chwilówki inwestor kredyt bank jest bankiem kredyt konsolidacyjny z niska rata pożyczki gotówkowe w rodzinie pożyczki od osób prywatnych pod weksel toruń nowe pożyczki bez bik i krd alior bank kredyt ratalny pożyczki z funduszu rozwoju przedsiębiorczości kredyt bez bik w kielcach kredyt mieszkaniowy dla singli w 2013 pożyczki profinet pożyczki pod zastaw bochnia pcc od umowy pożyczki z udziałowcem pozyczka na rok bez bik dla bezrobotnych pożyczki pod zastaw działki santander consumer bank kredyt bez bik kredyty chwilówki rekrutacja kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim rozwód pożyczki filarum arkadiusz nowakowski pożyczki pożyczki do domu poznań spłata pożyczki angielski kredyt bez bik bochnia kredyt bank lokaty maj 2013 kredyt konsolidacyjny lukas bank kalkulator kredyt bank bankomaty szczecin pożyczki udzielone spółce przez udziałowca kredyt bank małopolska kredyt bank dąbrowskiego poznań pko pożyczki gotówkowe pożyczki cent kredyt mieszkaniowy gdzie najłatwiej kredyt studencki forum wizaz umowa pożyczki od osoby prywatnej kredyt bank warszawa bródno kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator kredytowy pożyczki pozabankowe na sms pożyczki gotówkowa pożyczki pod zastaw rtv tarnów umowa pożyczki wzór do pobrania pożyczki chwilówki pozabankowe bez bik pożyczki od osób prywatnych 2012 pożyczki pozabankowe ostróda pożyczki 15000 kredyt samochodowy santander consumer bank kredyt bank piotrków tryb kontakt kredyty bez biku w poznaniu pożyczki do domu puławy kredyt mieszkaniowy dla młodych małżeństw 2013 umorzenie pożyczki od rodziny kredyt bank radom żeromskiego godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki loan agreement kredyt w getin bank kredyt bankowy małe i średnie przedsiębiorstwa odsetki od pożyczki kosztem uzyskania przychodu kredyt bez bik ranking pożyczki w domu klienta bez przelewu za groszbydgoszcz kredyty chwilówki grochowska 332 pożyczki udzielane przez internet pożyczka wieloratalna przez internet pozyczki w domu tarnowskie góry pożyczki gotówkowe dla zadłużonych z komornikiem pożyczki dla polaków w londynie kredyt bank tychy odsetki od pożyczki nkup pożyczki prywatne bez wstępnych opłat kredyt bank witomino godziny otwarcia pożyczki na uruchomienie firmy kredyty bez bik duze kwoty pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik online umowa pożyczki bez odsetek wzór pożyczki wieloratalne bez bik pożyczki od osób prywatnych siedlce kredyt bankowy prezentacja raciborz pozyczka pod weksel kredyty chwilówki śrem kredyt w banku na oswiadczenie kredyt bank sa lublin pożyczki gotówkowe toruń pożyczki od udziałowców księgowanie pcc od umowy pożyczki pomiędzy firmami przedłużenie spłaty pożyczki ekspres kasa pożyczki na franczyzę

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad