kredyt konsolidacyjny bnp paribas kredyt bez biku płock kredyt bank przelewy wewnętrzne kredyt bank program concerto kredyt bank ostróda godziny otwarcia ubezpieczenie pożyczki od śmierci pożyczki gotówkowe porównanie oprocentowanie kredytu w banku pekao sa kredyt bank sa w ostrołęce kredyt bank polkowice opodatkowanie odsetek od pożyczki dla osoby fizycznej kredyt bez biku rzeszow kredyt bankowy a pozyczka pożyczki chwilówki na dowód online kredyt bez biku olsztyn alior bank kredyt online pozyczki bez bik bocian pożyczki gotówkowe linia kredytowa w kredyt banku pożyczki prywatne żory kredyt bank zielonka telefon pożyczki z zakładu pracy kredyt bank gorzów obotrycka http pożyczki pozabankowe cba mikropożyczki mazowieckie kredyty bez bik na oświadczenie retencja pożyczki wysokość oprocentowania pożyczki od udziałowca umowa pożyczki w rodzinie wzór kredyt studencki pko do kiedy zaświadczenie kredyt bank warszawa tarchomin kredyt studencki w jakim banku pożyczki gotówkowe 2014 kredyt w banku pko sa forum kredyt bank kod banku kredyt dla firm bez zaświadczeń bez bik pożyczki bez baz przez internet pożyczki od rodziny pożyczki dla zadłużonych 2013 pożyczki prometeusz bocian skarabeusz provident pożyczki dla bezrobotnych 2014 umowa pożyczki pieniędzy bez odsetek pożyczki posłów kredyt bank problem z bankomatem kredyt bank warszawa praga południe kredyt ratalny santander consumer banku prywatne pozyczki bez bik krd i erif podkarpacie kredyt bank dział windykacji kredyt bank łuków praca kredyt bank impreza integracyjna poręczenie pożyczki krzyżówka pożyczki bez bik śrem umowa pożyczki jaka forma kredyt konsolidacyjny wzór pożyczki w domu łódzkie pożyczki kredyty pozabankowe kredyt bankowy klasyfikacja pożyczki pod zastaw legionowo umowa pożyczki w rodzinie kredyt konsolidacyjny z zabezpieczeniem kredyty wspólnoty mieszkaniowej umowa pożyczki w kodeksie cywilnym kredyt bank w radlinie kredyt bank traugutta radom pożyczki dom finansowy kredyt mieszkaniowy dla mlodych malzenstw 2013 kredyty mieszkaniowe szczecin pożyczki chwilówki warszawa kredyt bankowy bilans kredyty chwilówki na spłatę komornika czy trudno o kredyt w getin banku pożyczki społecznościowe w domu kredyt w banku a bik pożyczki bez erif kredyt mieszkaniowy marże pożyczki chwilówki na dowód forum pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik bydgoszcz umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs po śmierci pracownika pożyczki pozabankowe z obsługą w domu kredyt w banku spoldzielczym pożyczki bankowe bez zaświadczeń pożyczki bez bik w warszawie umowa spłaty pożyczki kredyt bank połączony zabezpieczenie pożyczki od osoby prywatnej kredyty chwilówki czebotar szybkie pożyczki pozabankowe lublin kredyt konsolidacyjny gdzie najlepiej kredyt gotówkowy online bez bik kredyt bankowy pojęcie wyrok umowa pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny gdzie idea bank kredyt forum kredyt w banku oprocentowanie tanie pożyczki gotówkowe kalkulator odsetki od pożyczki pkwiu pożyczki pl optima pożyczki zielona góra kredyt bank godziny otwarcia pożyczki polkowice abis wniosek o kredyt kredyt bank gazele biznesu pożyczki pozabankowe przez internet na dowód alior bank kredyt inwestycyjny pożyczki dla firm bez zaświadczeń umowa pożyczki z zabezpieczeniem wzór pożyczki domowe na dowód sandomierz kredyty preferencyjne dla rolników banki kredyty chwilówki wrocław strzegomska kiedy odsetki od pożyczki są przychodem pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości łódź umorzenie pożyczki w nds osoba udzielająca pożyczki kredyt bank kłobuck pożyczki pozabankowe na zakup nieruchomości podanie o udzielenie pożyczki z funduszu socjalnego kredyt mieszkaniowy w polsce praca za granica udzielić pożyczki tłumaczenie kredyty bez biku przez internet pozyczka bez bik na oswiadczenie dla zadluzonych allekasa pożyczki kredyty konsolidacyjne na 30 lat kto płaci podatek od umowy pożyczki auto kredyt bez bik forum kredyt obrotowy w idea bank opinie pożyczki bez bik rumia kredyty bez biku dla zadluzonych kredyty chwilówki jelenia góra kredyty pozabankowe gniezno kredyty pozabankowe 20000 mikropożyczki z unii europejskiej bez bik kredyt poznań szybkie pożyczki bez bik włocławek pożyczki bez biku w poznaniu prosty kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyt w 15 minut na dowod w kb24 kredyt bank aleksandrów kujawski umowa pożyczki według kodeksu cywilnego bocian pożyczki inowrocław kredyt bank ostrow maz kredyt chwilowka szczecinek kredyt bank powstańców śląskich warszawa pożyczki bez bik puławy godziny księgowania przelewów w kredyt banku kredyt bank kobierzynska krakow pożyczki w kruku bankomaty kredyt bank stargard kredyt bank gdynia świętojańska godziny otwarcia pożyczki bez bik bartoszyce kredyty gotówkowe bez bik łódź kredyty bez bik opole kredyt bank profil aktywny 50 pożyczki jedności narodowej wrocław pożyczki ok pożyczki peer to peer pekao sa kredyt studencki dokumenty kredyt bank dubois potwierdzenie odbioru pożyczki banki udzielajace kredyt na pit krakow kredyt w santander bank opinie kredyt bank w pułtusku umowa pożyczki podatek 2013 pozyczka na dowod inowroclaw pożyczki agricole gros pożyczki toruń kredyty dla zadłużonych w uk kredyt konsolidacyjny na spłatę komornika kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator 2012 kalkulator rat pożyczki ekspresowej pożyczki na dowód przez telefon kredyt bank ostrów mazowiecka kontakt pożyczki pozabankowe ostrów wielkopolski pcc od umowy pożyczki od udziałowca 2012 kredyty bez bik czestochowa kredyt konsolidacyjny bez poreczycieli i zadluzonych auto komis kredyt bez bik pożyczki z komornikiem kredyt bank powstańców śląskich wrocław flisak pożyczki opinie kredyt gotówkowy bank bph pożyczki w amber gold kredyt mieszkaniowy oplaty pożyczki prywatne umowa kredyt w uk lloyds pozyczki chwilowki na dowow osobisty walbrzych kredyt mieszkaniowy sprzedaż mieszkania pożyczki otrzymane w bilansie kredyt konsolidacyjny co to takiego pozyczki net zdunska wola kredyt w banku holenderskim prywatna pożyczka komornik warszawa kredyt bank kupon 6 getin bank kredyt gotówkowy forum umowa pożyczki jaki podatek pożyczki dla obcokrajowców kredyt bank koscian godziny otwarcia skarabeusz pożyczki chełm definicja pożyczki pieniężnej kredyt bank pruszków pozyczki do domu radomsko fgp pożyczki kredyt dla wspólnoty mieszkaniowej pko najtańszy kredyt w którym banku kredyt gotówkowy bez biku kredyty bez bik opolskie kredyt chwilówka sosnowiec pożyczki od osób prywatnych opole pożyczki bez bik bocian pożyczki dla firm na start bez bik pożyczki gotówkowe szybko kredyt chwilówka czechowice kredyt konsolidacyjny bez bik białystok pożyczki na dowód credit agricole kredyty chwilówki szczecin opinie bocian pożyczki goleniów kredyt bank kraków wielicka godziny otwarcia pożyczki bez bik kozienice umowa pożyczki pieniędzy a urząd skarbowy kredyt bez bik do 50 tys poznań pożyczki krasnystaw umorzenie pożyczki zfśs rola kredytu w finansach banku pożyczki z funduszu pracy mikropożyczki dla bezrobotnych kredyt bank chałubińskiego warszawa godziny otwarcia kredyt bez biku koszalin prestige pozyczki czestochowa kredyt chwilówka dla firm kredyt studencki pko kwota pozyczki bez bik wloclawek lokaty w kredyt banku 2013 bocian pożyczki adres kredyt bank w katowicach kredyt bank poznań marcinkowskiego godziny szybki kredyt dla zadłużonych bez bik kredyty bez bik cieszyn dwie pożyczki w jednym banku pożyczki komercyjne umowa pożyczki między małżonkami wzór provident zwrot pożyczki kredyt bank godziny otwarcia łódź pożyczki chwilówki płońsk pożyczki pozabankowe na 15lat wniosek o kredyt bez biku wyłudzenie pożyczki kk bocian pożyczki zduńska wola bankomaty kredyt bank suwałki kredyt bank janów lubelski kontakt kredyt bank nowy targ kredyt bank janów łódź pozyczki krotkotermnowe jaworzno oprocentowanie kredytu fm bank pożyczki bez bik zielona góra kredyty chwilówki ile trzeba oddać forsa pożyczki kredyt bank ciechanów kontakt kredyt bank warszawa ul ostrobramska 101 kredyt konsolidacyjny meritum bank opinie umowa cesji pożyczki wzór potrzebuję pożyczki regulamin pożyczki skok kredyt konsolidacyjny bez bik kraków kredyt z komornikiem bez opłat bip pożyczki forum kredyt bez bik w getin banku kredyt bez bik dla kazdego pożyczki chwilówki od 18 lat przez internet jak wziasc kredyt w providencie uk kredyt bank prepaid kredyty bez bik bytom kredyt bank przelewy zagraniczne pożyczki dla odrzuconych przez bank szybkie pożyczki online w uk udzielę pożyczki prywatnej toruń pośrednictwo finansowe kredyty chwilówki windykacja ing czy mozna wziasc kredyt na dowod kredyt alior bank forum kredyt bank międzyzdroje tel pożyczki pod zastaw ruda śląska pożyczki pl mikropożyczki 2013 kredyt bank susz godziny otwarcia pożyczki bez bik pozabankowe pożyczki od rodziny podatek kredyt bez bik wniosek online pożyczki od 18 lat online kredyt konsumpcyjny bank pocztowy kredyt mieszkaniowy dla lekarzy bocian pożyczki oprocentowanie pozyczka zabezpieczona aneksem komorniczym mikropożyczki dla przedsiębiorców karty kredytowe dla osob z komornikiem pożyczki z anglii umowa pożyczki pieniędzy koledze wzór kredyt konsolidacyjny z zajęciami komorniczymi kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zyrantow formularz umowy pożyczki szybkie mikropożyczki kredyty chwilowki konskie kredyt mieszkaniowy zdolność kredytowa kalkulator kredyt mieszkaniowy w euro opinie pożyczki chwilówki wąbrzeźno hestia ubezpieczenie pożyczki kredyt bank łódź pożyczki bez bik staszów pożyczki bez bik internetowe kredyt konsolidacyjny na 10 lat kalkulator kredyty chwilówki konin pozyczki inwestor prywatne wzór poręczenia pożyczki z zfśs kredyty mieszkaniowe forum 2013 pożyczka typu provident pożyczki pod zastaw piastów kredyt samochodowy na firmę dokumenty kredyt bank królewska 55 kredyt bank janów łódź kredyt bank sa oddzial lublin kredyt gotówkowy bez bik krd credit agricole kredyt w rachunku czy od pożyczki płaci się pcc kredyt bez bik 4000 pożyczki bez bik i big kredyt w banku na rozpoczęcie działalności kronos pożyczki olkusz kredyt w ing bank śląski forum kredyty chwilówki o firmie kredyt bank 5000 kredyt bank powstańców warszawy kredyt studencki pko sa forum pożyczki domu umowa pożyczki druk pcc kredyt bank numer banku rezygnacja z karty kredytowej kredyt bank wzór umowa pożyczki wzór pdf prywatne pozyczki bez bik krd i erif podkarpacie kredyt gotówkowy eurobank kredyt konsolidacyjny na 10 lat pożyczki morskie definicja kredytu wg prawa bankowego kredyt bez bik jastrzebie dobry kredyt kalisz intercom pożyczki kredyt samochodowy dla firm credit agricole kod na kredyt do orange warunki umorzenia pożyczki z zfśs pożyczki bez bik gliwice kredyt bank lublin krakowskie przedmieście 37 pożyczki chwilówki franczyza pożyczki bez komornika i biku na dowód w szczecinie ekspresowe pożyczki ełk umowa pożyczki kodeks pożyczki chwilówki online umowa pożyczki cesja udziele pożyczki prywatnie gdansk kredyt bank 2013 pożyczki online bez bik i big kredyt bank janów lubelski symulacja kredytu na kamienice kredyty pko bp opinie zarobki w kredyt banku forum kredyty pożyczki bez bik i krd pożyczki pozabankowe oferty getin bank kredyt gotówkowy online kredyty sms bez bik pożyczki chwilówki kluczbork kredyt bank klienci indywidualni profi credit kalkulator pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki skok stefczyka kredyt studencki pko do kiedy zaświadczenia ile zarabiaja w kredyt banku banki udzielające pożyczki szybkie pożyczki przez internet bez zaświadczeń kredyt bez bik lodz bank spółdzielczy kredyt na mieszkanie pożyczki albert pozyczki społecznościowe pozabankowe kredyt bank oferty pracy pożyczki z urzędu pracy kredyt bank lokata online czy kredyty chwilówki sprawdzają bik bankowy kredyt samochodowy czym uzasadnic pozyczke na remont kredyt z banku pocztowego kredyt konsolidacyjny gotówkowy alior bank kredyt bank lokaty oprocentowanie kredyty dla zadluzonych w biku poznan pożyczki od osób prywatnych katowice getin bank kredyt na pit oprocentowanie kredyty chwilówki bez bik szczecin księgowanie przelewów w kredyt bank bocian pożyczki reklama kredyt bank viii oddział warszawa ostrobramska kredyt bank żyrardów godziny otwarcia pożyczki gwarantowane waloryzacja pozyczki kredyty chwilówki strzegomska wrocław pozyczki bez zaswiadczen w uk pożyczki pozabankowe jelenia góra pożyczki bez bik siedlce parabanki pożyczki online pożyczki z zfśs w bilansie pozyczki bepozyczki bez bik naklo nad notecia chwilowka tczew czy dostane pozyczke na dowod pożyczki pod zastaw kraków kredyty bankowe konto idea bank kredyt samochodowy oprocentowanie pożyczki na dowód w łodzi pożyczki na dowód w 15 minut kredyty chwilowki warszawa ul grochowska kredyt remontowy bank pekao sa kredyty chwilówki umowa pożyczki udzielę pożyczki pod weksel 2012 kredyt bank warszawa conrada pożyczki bez bik wałbrzych niespłacany kredyt w banku pożyczki unijne dla przedsiębiorców kredyt bank w mińsku maz pożyczki na dowód bielsko biała poręczenie pożyczki pożyczki na lichwe udzielenie pożyczki przez udziałowca a pcc kredyt bank bankomaty bez prowizji lublin kredyt bez bik i zaswiadczen przez internet kredyt mieszkaniowy na oświadczenie o dochodach niespłacenie pożyczki umowa pożyczki gotówki pożyczki ze złym bikiem wniosek o kredyt bez biku kredyt gotówkowy w deutsche bank kredyt bez bik kutno pożyczki prywatne na procent warszawa pożyczki do domu poznań pożyczki pod zastaw chojnice pożyczki akces kredyt bez bik i zaświadczeń o dochodach pko kredyt bez bik idea bank kredyt samochodowy oprocentowanie kredyt w bilansie banku getin bank kredyt samochodowy wcześniejsza spłata pokwitowanie pożyczki wzór umowa pożyczki a zwolnienie z pcc kredyt bank zduńska wola kontakt pożyczka od rodziny a decyzja kredytowa wzór umowy pożyczki z zfśs umowy pożyczki wzór pozyczka pozabankowa na splate chwilowek w bialymstoku pożyczki na dowód debica kredyt bank wolomin kredyt bank wejherowo godziny otwarcia kredyt bank reklama ojciec chrzestny kredyt przez internet bez biku 3000zl pożyczki bez bik krd kredyty pożyczki trudne prywatne w jakim banku najlepiej wziąć kredyt gotówkowy 2013 kredyt konsolidacyjny czy warto forum pożyczki bocian lublin kredyty chwilówki panel logowania załatwie kredyt w banku kredyt na dowod w domu klienta pożyczki dla odrzuconych przez bank pożyczki gdańsk pcc od umowy pożyczki z udziałowcem kredyt bez biku pabianice pożyczki od osób prywatnych białystok kredyt bank piekary pożyczki pomiędzy spółkami a pcc kredyt bank w łukowie który bank daje pożyczki bez bik pożyczki prywatne pod weksel śląsk kredyty bez biku gorzow pożyczki bankowe kalkulator pozyczki bez bik erif krd kredyt bank lublin zana 38 wzór umowy pożyczki wraz z ustanowieniem zastawu kredyty w pko bp sa pożyczki przez internet lista firm biz pożyczki umowa pożyczki dla spółki jawnej wzór kredyt konsolidacyjny do 30 lat kredyty chwilówki gorzów wielkopolski kredyt bank olsztyn godziny otwarcia pieniężnego kredyt konsolidacyjny w pko kalkulator kredyty i gwarancje bankowe dobosiewicz pdf kredyt konsolidacyjny a ulga odsetkowa kredyt internetowy eurobank kredyt bank wałbrzych kontakt kredyt bez bik w ing pożyczki pod zastaw gliwice pożyczki społecznościowe oferty bank pekao sa pożyczki gotówkowe ewidencja pożyczki długoterminowej kredyt bez bik 25 tys pozyczka na umowe zlecenie w czestochowie umowa pożyczki z zfśs pekao pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt konsolidacyjny zwrot ubezpieczenia kredyt bank pakiet aktywny włocławek pożyczki pod zastaw pożyczka bez bik w pko bp medicover kredyt bank warszawa

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

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funny sayings

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad