kredyt gotówkowy eurobank reklama w jakim banku wziasc kredyt na dom umowa pożyczki spłata w ratach pożyczki na działalność gospodarczą kredyty chwilówki żywiec kredyt bank oswiecim kredyt bank konto oszczędnościowe regulamin pożyczki prywatne etc kredyt bank poznań winogrady pożyczki na dowód wieluń pozabankowa pozyczka bez bik 20000 kredyt konsolidacyjny 2012 kredyt bank belchatow cele pożyczki ubezpieczenie pożyczki pekao sa nowe kredyty bez bik i krd getin bank kredyt inwestycyjny oprocentowanie kredyt bank wita stwosza wrocław pożyczki skarabeusz nowy targ kredyt bankowy księgowanie pożyczki bez bik olecko pożyczki w getin banku kredyt bank żagiel wrocław pożyczki bez wykazywania dochodu pożyczki w bydgoszczy kredyt bez bik i zaświadczeń o dochodach pożyczki chwilówki olsztyn aktulany spis pozyczek dla zadluzonych pożyczki bez bik optima pożyczki pajęczno pozyczki w domu tarnowskie góry ksiegowanie przelewow w kredyt banku pożyczki pozabankowe od ręki kredyt mieszkaniowy z wkładem własnym uczciwe pożyczki od osób prywatnych jaki jest nr na kredyt z orange kredyt bez bik i krd katowice szybkie pożyczki bez zaświadczeń poznań kredyt chwilówka krotoszyn pozyczki w mielcu bocian kredyty chwilówki w skok pożyczki bocian szczecinek kredyt bank w żywcu pożyczka w domu klienta śląsk pożyczki chwilówki bez meldunku i dochodu stargard szybkie kredyty dabrowa tarnowska ile kosztuje kredyt w banku kredyt gotówkowy pozabankowe kredyt bank wcześniejsza spłata kredyt bank w wadowicach kredyt bez bik wbk pożyczki na dowód zielona góra bocian pożyczki odstąpienie od umowy niezgłoszenie pożyczki kredyt mieszkaniowy dla prowadzących działalność koszty uzyskania przychodu odsetki od pożyczki umowa nieodpłatnej pożyczki wzór prywatne pozyczki lichwiarskie slask bocian pożyczki rzeszów kontakt kredyt w raiffeisen bank na jaki numer kredyt orange kredyty niebankowe kredyt na samochód bez sprawdzania w biku kredyt chwilówka ostrów mazowiecka bocian pożyczki jarocin pożyczki skok wołomin pozyczka na dowod bez zaswiadczen lukas bank pożyczki no dowód elblag kredyty pozabankowe cieszyn unijne mikropożyczki dla firm ruszą księgowanie pożyczki od osoby fizycznej kredyt mieszkaniowy najkorzystniejszy kredyt bank w skarżysku umorzenie pożyczki zfśs księgowanie kredyt chwilowka pożyczki na samochód bez bik pożyczki od wspólnika już bez podatku kredyt obrotowy w jakim banku kredyt studencki pko udzielenie pożyczki spółce z oo kredyt samochodowy bank millennium wzory umów pożyczki pieniędzy kredyt bank oława kontakt nowe pożyczki bez bik kalkulator odsetek od pożyczki prywatnej kredyt bez bik 50000 umowa pożyczki wzór pdf pożyczki żagań kredyty chwilówki rybnik raciborska konfuzja pożyczki umorzenie pożyczki wfośigw kredyty bez bik dla emerytów kredyty chwilowki w knf pożyczki od osób prywatnych białystok obligacje 4 pożyczki konsolidacyjnej kredyt konsolidacyjny pekao bp kredyt bank rezygnacja z karty kredytowej kredyt pozabankowy szybki pożyczki bez bik i krd i big kredyt bank awaria systemu quick cash pożyczki łatwe pożyczki online kredyt konsumpcyjny w alior banku kredyt według prawa bankowego kredyt bank łódź ketlinga godziny otwarcia pożyczki na dowód dzierżoniów bocian pożyczki świnoujście pro bono pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny na oświadczenie o dochodach umowa pożyczki a pit kredyt bank promocje kredyt konsolidacyjny porównanie ofert banków kredyt mieszkaniowy pozabankowy umowa pożyczki pieniędzy z zastawem wzór szybkie pożyczki pozabankowe online umowa pożyczki i grupa podatkowa sprzedaż kredyt banku forum pozyczki victoria ewidencja księgowa pożyczki z bgk pożyczki na dowód w 15 minut pożyczki bez bik w banku bocian pożyczki złóż wniosek kredyt konsolidacyjny bez bik częstochowa kredyt mieszkaniowy na 100 procent kredyty bez biku tychy umowa pożyczki pisemna kredyt bankowy online kredyt bank mieszkaniowy kredyt bank 50000 gdzie najłatwiej o kredyt bez bik pożyczki piła kredyty bez bik lubin pożyczki chwilówki promocje warunki kredytu w credit agricole pożyczki provident kalkulator kredyt bank wypowiedzenie umowy ubezpieczenia na życie kredyty bez bik toruń dramatyczne zwolnienia w kredyt banku porównaj pożyczki gotówkowe pożyczki kamień pomorski getin noble bank sa kredyty kredyty bez bik w domu klienta kredyt bank departament windykacji kredyt bank zakopane kontakt pożyczki z lombardu ei global kredyty pożyczki online bez potwierdzania konta jak grzecznie odmówić pożyczki warunki kredytu w banku spółdzielczym pożyczki prywatne forum i opinie kredyt samochodowy online mbank trust pożyczki umowa pożyczki z zastawem rejestrowym kredyt bank drawsko pomorskie umowa pożyczki stawka 20 kredyt bank wroclaw legnicka pożyczki na dowód bez zaświadczeń szczecin pożyczki społecznościowe łódź pożyczki piotrków trybunalski pożyczki głogów kredyt studencki pko legitymacja kredyt bank filia jastrowie umowa pożyczki osobie prywatnej kredyt bank warszawa śródmieście kredyt bank jastarnia kredyt chwilówka 5000 kredyt bank rybnik plac wolności godziny otwarcia kredyt bank za granicą optima pożyczki lublin kredyty dla studentów wbk kredyt bank żyrardów kredyty konsolidacyjne z opóźnieniami w bik kredyt bank białystok mickiewicza kredyt bank rzecznik pcc od umowy pożyczki od rodziny pożyczki zwolnione z podatku kredyt obrotowy w idea banku kredyty bez bik w lodzi kredyt bank rybnik godziny kredyt samochodowy dla bezrobotnych formularz pożyczki kredyt bank bankomaty bez prowizji 2013 kredyty mieszkaniowe dla ludzi pracujacych za granica bocian pozyczki lebork umowa pożyczki druk do pobrania kredyt na dowód lukas bank kredyt gotówkowy chwilówki kredyt orange jaki numer kredyty mieszkaniowe forum pożyczki gdynia umowa pożyczki od obcokrajowca pożyczki prywatne chełm kredyty poza bankowe lublin adresy i nr tel umowa pożyczki art 9 pkt 10 skarabeusz pożyczki opinia kredyt bez bik 4 tys pozyczki u klienta w domu dolny śląsk alex pożyczki wrocław kredyty chwilówki knf kruk pożyczki gotówkowe wycena pożyczki wg zamortyzowanego kosztu odsetki od pożyczki nkup kalkulator kredytu gotówkowego lukas bank szybkie pożyczki przez internet kredyt konsolidacyjny deutsche bank opinie w jakim banku kredyt 20000 pożyczki dla bardzo zadłużonych zwrot pożyczki urząd skarbowy umowa pożyczki dla pracownika ze środków obrotowych kredyt konsolidacyjny jak działa kredyt konsolidacyjny przy niskich zarobkach lokata constans kredyt bank pożyczki pozabankowe żnin kredyt bank dlugie ogrody kredyt inwestycyjny idea bank opinie pożyczka od 18 lat bez bit kredyt bank rachunek powierniczy pożyczki bocian gorzów wlkp dobry kredyt kalisz pożyczka na dowód na oświadczenie wałbrzych pozyczki provident i inne krakow kredyt bank address kredyt bez bik kontakt pożyczki wekslowe kredyty bez bik włocławek kod kredyt orange oprocentowanie kredytu idea bank interpretacje podatkowe pożyczki bank pko kredyt na mieszkanie skok piast kredyt 5000 pożyczki chwilówki nowe kredyt bank grojecka 186 kredyt bank karta kredytowa kredyt bank giżycko praca kredyt bank karier kredyt bank rodzina na swoim forum kredyt bank mediamikser umowa pożyczki nieoprocentowanej wzór umowa pożyczki wzór urząd skarbowy ltwe kredyty poznan kredyt w pekao sa kalkulator umowa pożyczki ze wspólnikiem spółki pozyczki bocian dla osob w bik kredyty chwilowki zory pożyczki na dowód dla bezrobotnych wałbrzych kredyt bank poznań dąbrowskiego tel pożyczki dla bezrobotnych wrocław kredyt chwilówki końskie najszybszy kredyt w banku szybki kredyt bez biku i krd grudziadz pożyczki na dowód nysa kredyt konsolidacyjny pekao sa w jakim banku najlepiej wziąć kredyt inwestycyjny czy warto brac kredyt w getin banku kredyt bankowy na samochód bank pko sa kredyty konsolidacyjne kredyt bez biku na umowe zlecenie pozyczka krakow na weksel pożyczki od osób prywatnych na procent pożyczki bez bik na 2 lata wzór na obliczenie pożyczki prywatne pożyczki na weksel katowice kredyty chwilówki toruń opinie kredyt bank zambrów telefon kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator zdolności kredytowej prawo cywilne pożyczki pożyczki 30 dniowe umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs wzór orange kod kredytu pko bp wrocław kredyt studencki kredyt w banku komercyjnym kredyt bez biku jaki bank kredyt konsolidacyjny żyrant kredyt bank świecie pko bp kredyt mieszkaniowy opinie kredyt chwilówki praca opinie gdzie daja kredyt bez bik kredyt bez bik do 5000 alior bank kredyty pożyczki sms bez bik i krd panda pozyczki opole kredyt konsolidacyjny bez umowy o prace pożyczki chwilówki tomaszów maz umowa pożyczki na działalność gospodarczą wzór karta kredytowa deutsche a bik pozyczka pod weksel bialystok pożyczki a podatek pcc pożyczki online za darmo umowa nieodpłatnej pożyczki wzór santander consumer bank kredyt samochodowy kalkulator praca w kredyt chwilówka forum kredyt bank w olkuszu pożyczki dla zadłużonych toruń kredyty bez bik częstochowa provident pozyczka na prawo jazdy szybki kredyt 2014r :l udzielenie pożyczki w bilansie pożyczki chwilówki dla zadłużonych kredyty bankowe ściąga kredyt balonowy santander bank 50 50 kredyt bank kraj pochodzenia getin noble bank kredyt samochodowy jastrzębie zdrój banknot pożyczki łódź idea bank kredyt na start opinie 2012 pożyczki na oświadczenie bez bik jaki jest numer na kredyt do orange orange kody kredyt kredyt bank koło kalkulator pożyczki pocztowy pożyczki tarnów kredyt bank zmiana logo udzielenie pożyczki z budżetu gminy król pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny bank bgż pożyczki programy partnerskie kredyty bez bik puławy kredyt ok siedlce godziny otwarcia kredyt samochodowy alior bank opinie istota pożyczki pożyczki społecznościowe kredyty kredyt studencki pko bp przedłużenie spółka udziela pożyczki prezesowi pozyczki z komornikiem w mielcu umowa pożyczki dla obcokrajowca kredyt bank home banking kto da pożyczkę lub kredyt z zajęciem komorniczym pożyczki nau bocian pożyczki skargi kredyty banków komercyjnych kredyt gotówkowy bez bik online kredyt bez bik kalkulator kredyt mieszkaniowy gdzie najlepiej 2012 szybkie kredyty dabrowa tarnowska kredyt bez bik glogow kredyt bank płatności masowe po zabankowe pożyczki nowa ruda kredyt hipoteczny dla rolników bez zaświadczeń kredyt bank przelicznik walut szybki kredyt bez bik gorzów wlkp kredyt konsolidacyjny zdunska wola pożyczki dla bezrobotnych bez konta w banku activa 500 pożyczki od ręki pożyczki gotówkowe londyn prawo bankowe kredyt bez zgody małżonka jaki jest numer do bociana zeby wziasc pozyczke kredyt bank siedlce piłsudskiego godziny otwarcia forum pożyczki vivus pożyczki społecznościowe porównanie szybki kredyt bez bik online kredyt bez bik na weksel kredyt credit agricole kalkulator kredyt mieszkaniowy w euro czy złotówkach umowa pożyczki pieniężnej wzór pdf kredyty pozabankowe śląsk konto kredyty bankowe rachunkowość kredyt bank godziny otwarcia poznań kredyt mieszkaniowy gdzie najłatwiej kredyt mieszkaniowy w deutsche bank opinie kredyt bank zielonka kolejowa godziny otwarcia kredyt w getin bank opinie 2012 kredyt bank toruń grudziądzka kredyt bank godziny otwarcia siedlce kredyty bez bik i krd sosnowiec pożyczki pozabankowe wieluń umowa pożyczki ngo kredyt studencki bank zachodni wbk kredyty bez bik i zabezpieczeń kredyty chwilówki praca kalisz umowa pożyczki jak się zabezpieczyć prywatne pożyczki gotówkowe bydgoszcz pożyczki 5000 kredyt chwilówka wodzisław pożyczki bez bik kłodzko pożyczki ozorków kredyty chwilówki sp z oo kredyt w banku przelicznik pożyczki na oświadczenie ogłoszenia kredyt bank różana pożyczki takie jak w providencie pożyczki pozabankowe chwilówki przez internet kredyt eurobank umowa pożyczki dla pracownika wzór pożyczki pozabankowe cała polska alior bank kredyt inwestycyjny oprocentowanie pożyczki ostrowiec kredyt bank w czechach tomek zaciągnął w banku omb kredyt pozyczki bez dochodu kredyt bank kapelanka godziny otwarcia podatek od odsetek od pożyczki dla osoby fizycznej pożyczki od osób prywatnych tarnów czy mozna wziasc kredyt na dowod w uk kredyty bez bik zielona gora ranking banków udzielających kredyt rodzina na swoim umowa pożyczki wzór pożyczki pozabankowe bochnia kredyt bank warunki oddziały kredyt banku szczecin mikropożyczki dla polski wschodniej kredyt konsolidacyjny na ile lat w którym banku najlepiej wziąć kredyt na samochód pożyczki chwilówki bez zdolności kredytowej udzielę pożyczki prywatnej ogłoszenia kredyty chwilowki ledziny nowakka pożyczki duet pożyczki częstochowa kredyty bez bik radomsko kredyt bank dusznicki kredyt samochodowy w nordea bank podatek od pożyczki pienieżnej prywatne pożyczki kościan konsolidacja kredytu bz wbk spółka udziela pożyczki udziałowcowi pcc pożyczki ue kredyty bez biku zielona góra kredyt bank w lukowie chwjlowki pozyczki bez bik krd gliwice kredyt bank lukow telefon pożyczki przez internet darmowe pożyczki typu vivus rodzaje kredytów w banku pko bp kredyt w banku barclays pożyczki na dowód bez bik kalkulator kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator pko pożyczki prywatne w toruniu kredyty chwilówki nobiles pożyczki pożyczka na już kredyt bank kraków rakowicka godziny otwarcia pożyczki pozabankowe bez sprawdzania w bik umowa przedwstępna pożyczki chwilówki gliwice pożyczki gliwice chwilówki knurów kredyty chwilówki tychy opinie pozyczki bocian radom kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim pko bp kredyt samochodowy bank pko bp kredyt bank oddziały warszawa ursynów pożyczki bez bik łuków tanie pożyczki bankowe pożyczki lublin lubartowska kredyty gotówkowe bez bik gorzów wlkp kredyt konsolidacyjny w banku bgż kredyt bank telefon całodobowy pożyczki bez wykazywania dochodu zwrot pożyczki od rodziny ing bank śląski kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator pożyczki dla jednostek samorządu terytorialnego pożyczki bez biku i krd kredyt bank w sandomierzu kredyt konsolidacyjny doradca finansowy kredyt konsolidacyjny skok piast pożyczki bez dochodu raty kredytu studenckiego pko bp pożyczki advice najtańszy kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator rat arka pożyczki piła kredyt bank bednarska łódź kredyt bank reda eu2 pożyczki kredyt w banku aib pożyczki prywatne dolnośląskie pożyczki bez bik w zduńskiej woli kredyt bank goleniów kontakt pożyczki dla nastolatków pożyczki gotówkowe finan kredyt obrotowy dla firm w banku spółdzielczym pożyczki bez bik na dłuższy okres kredyt bank gdzie wyplacac bez prowizji udzielilem pozyczki nieoprocentowanej wiarygodne pożyczki bez bik profi credit odnowienie pożyczki kredyt bank warszawa ursynów kredyt bank chałubińskiego gdańsk godziny otwarcia kredyty chwilówki zarabianie szybkie pożyczki śląskie umowa pożyczki przykłady kredyty mieszkaniowe 2004 jowisz pożyczki oprocentowanie w getin banku kredyt pkobp kredyt pozabankowy kredyty samochodowe dla firm bez bik kredyt w kredyt banku kredyty bez biku radom kredyty chwilówki trójmiasto pożyczki chwilówki wejherowo pozyczki nasielsk warszawska na oswiadczenie kredyt pod zastaw w banku kredyt gotowkowy bez biku kredyt studencki zasady przyznawania 2012 kredyty dla wspólnot mieszkaniowych 2012 pożyczki chwilówki online bez zaświadczeń kredyt z dofinansowaniem unijnym idea bank opinie kredyty chwilówki knf pozyczki na dzialalnosc bez bik kredyt konsolidacyjny w credit agricole opinie kredyt bank warszawa regon kredyt bank narutowicza 55b lublin pozyczki dla pracujacych z komornikiem kredyty konsolidacyjne ze złą historią w bik tczew pożyczka z bankomatu kredyty bez bik kutno

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

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funny sayings

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad