kredyt bank olsztyn pożyczki w języku polskim umowa pożyczki zasady kredyt bank konto bankowe pożyczki bez bik 2000 zł kredyt bank otwock kontakt pożyczki chwilówki jastrzębie zdrój uczciwe pożyczki bez bik jakie dokumenty do kredytu mieszkaniowego w pko bp usługa udzielenia pożyczki kredyty chwilówki w bełchatowie pożyczki kredyty dla zadłużonych kredyty i gwarancje bankowe dobosiewicz pdf chomikuj kredyty banki porównanie pożyczki kraków pożyczki dla zadłużonych z komornikiem gliwice pożyczki 365 kredyt konsolidacyjny umowa na czas określony pożyczki dla firm forum czy umowa pożyczki podlega opodatkowaniu kredyt bank łódź kościuszki pożyczki dla podmiotów ekonomii społecznej kredyt bank radzymińska godziny otwarcia kredyty mieszkaniowe pdf pożyczki z obsługą w domu warszawa kredyt bank rachunek powierniczy pożyczki w banku bez bik pożyczki podporządkowane kredyt bez bik radomsko kredyt bez bik na start kredyt bez biku żywiec kredyt mieszkaniowy 110 procent kredyt idea bank online kredyt bank rekomendacje kredyty banku sgb umowa pożyczki koszty notarialne kredyt bez bik idea bank kredyt odnawialny pko kredyt na orange jaki numer kredyt bank godziny otwarcia sobota kredyt konsolidacyjny mbank oprocentowanie odsetki od pożyczki różnice kursowe kredyty pozabankowe na oświadczenie getin bank kredyty samochodowe kredyt bankowy na samochód kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator rat alior bank kredyt dla firm bez bik i krd czy kredyt bank jest czynny w soboty pożyczki go czy trudno dostać kredyt w banku pocztowym kredyt konsolidacyjny pekao sa nobilon gdansk pozyczki kredyt bez bik i zaświadczeń o dochodach kredyt pod zastaw działki bez bik ubezpieczenie pożyczki millenium kredyt bank warszawa żoliborz pożyczki bez sprawdzania zadłużenia kredyt bez biku szczecin umowa pożyczki między rodzeństwem wzór kredyt bank przelewy przychodzące szybkie pożyczki pozabankowe lublin vivus kwota pożyczki została zmniejszona kredyt bank pracownicy bocian pożyczki środa wlkp kredyt bez bik na auto kredyt bank w swarzędzu pożyczki międzynarodowe kredyt bank liczba zatrudnionych pożyczki oddłużeniowe dla rolników tanie pożyczki częstochowa kredyt samochodowy mbank dokumenty kredyt bank krakowskie przedmieście pożyczki prywatne forum opinie szybkie pożyczki na dowód bydgoszcz kredyt w banku hsbc szybki kredyt bez zaświadczeń i bez bik kredyt w banku a krd iii optima pożyczki do domu kredyt bank giełda notowania kredyt konsumpcyjny w banku bph kredyt pozabankowy rzeszów kredyt bank białystok skłodowskiej godziny otwarcia kredyty pozabankowe do 10000 pożyczki bez wpisu do bik warunki pożyczki chwilówki kredyt bank białystok mickiewicza 50 ubezpieczenie pożyczki w skoku stefczyka podstawa opodatkowania umowy pożyczki pożyczki puławy kredyty chwilówki w słupsku kredyt bank filie czy trudno o kredyt w getin banku finan pożyczki kontakt kredyt bank paypass pożyczki bez zdolności kredytowej jaworzno kredyt bez bik na kilka miesiecy pożyczki gotówkowe skok stefczyka pożyczki z europejskiego banku inwestycyjnego umowa pożyczki od pracodawcy pożyczki odnawialne zwrot pożyczki postępowanie nakazowe fałszywe pożyczki pożyczki inwestycyjne kredyt chwilówka międzyrzecz kredyt samochodowy w nordea bank przeksięgowanie pożyczki na kapitał żyrafa pożyczki chwilówki opinie pożyczki chwilówki franczyza globals pożyczki kredyty chwilówki zaliczka umowa pożyczki spółka cywilna windykacja pożyczki prywatnej pożyczki pozabankowe pleszew windykacja pożyczki prywatnej pożyczki włocławek bez bik w jakim banku brac kredyt mieszkaniowy kredyt konsolidacyjny w alior bank forum mikropożyczki na start pożyczki opodatkowanie nisko oprocentowane pożyczki pożyczki w citibank umowa pożyczki referat lista pozyczek bez bik pożyczki bocian gryfice kredyt konsolidacyjny ze zla historia kredytowa alior bank kredyt rodzina na swoim opinie zarobki kredyt bank forum kredyt studencki pko wcześniejsza spłata pożyczki zielona góra kredyt bank w piotrkowie trybunalskim warunki pożyczki rodzina na swoim pożyczki na dowód choszczno kredyt bank sa lokaty kredyt bank kolo kredyt credit agricole kalkulator kredyty chwilówki praca warszawa rybnik pożyczki prywatne kredyty na samochod bez biku pozyczka z komornikiem piekary sl kredyt jako produkt bankowy kredyt w get in bank forum odsetki od pożyczki mieszkaniowej wzór gdzie mozna uzyskac kredyt bez bik kredyt bank kluczbork godziny otwarcia kredyt chwilówka pruszcz kredyt gotówkowy bank bph opinie prywatne pożyczki na sam dowód kredyt bank lokaty 3 miesieczne kredyt chwilówka reklama pożyczki tax care opinie umowa pożyczki dla spółki a pcc udziele pozyczki na umowe katowice kredyt bank oszczędnościowe kredyty banków komercyjnych luban sl pozyczki prywatne pożyczki w banku pko bp kredyt chwilówka grochowska pożyczki gotówkowe bez bik i krd kredyt bank krakowskie przedmieście wrocław pożyczki prywatne kredyt mieszkaniowy pko sa forum kredyt bank dworna łomża zasady kredytu studenckiego w pko bp kredyt bank filia marki pożyczki od osób prywatnych nowy dwór mazowiecki kredyt konsolidacyjny krotoszyn nowe pozyczki chwilówki bez bik kredyt bank kb24 santander consumer bank kredyty samochodowe zaświadczenie o zarobkach pko bp kredyt mieszkaniowy pozyczki bez bik i krd w domu klienta ruda slaska polecane pożyczki prywatne zwrot pożyczki bez umowy pisemnej kredyt gotówkowy w jakim banku najlepiej forum kredyt pożyczka pozabankowa pozyczki online przez poczte tanie pożyczki na dowód warunki otrzymania kredytu w getin banku odsetki od pożyczki są przychodem pożyczki bez bik we wrocławiu pożyczki gotówkowe legnica deklaracja od pożyczki nowe pożyczki pozabankowe przez internet kredyt w banku pekao pożyczki w domu klienta bez bik pożyczki online w 15 minut druk udzielenia pożyczki kredyty getin bank kalkulator szybki kredyt bez bik warszawa pożyczki prywatne łomża pożyczki bez bik i krd przez internet kredyty pozabankowe bez wychodzenia z domu ostrow wlkp kredyty chwilówki przez sms kredyt mieszkaniowy jakie zarobki pożyczki z ubezpieczeniem pożyczki pozabankowe międzyrzecz kredyty chwilówki leszno dyskretne pożyczki kredyt bank mińsk mazowiecki kontakt pożyczki mieszkaniowe kalkulator kredyty bez bik opinie wzór umowy pożyczki osoba prywatna kredyt bankowy obrotowy pożyczki konsolidacyjne w skok stefczyka pożyczka zdunska wola bez bik do 6000 kredyt bank sa warszawa pożyczki pozabankowe w kwidzynie pożyczki bocian bytów kredyt bank w ciechanowie sieradz pożyczka 15000 kredyt bank restrukturyzacja kto udzieli pożyczki pozabankowej pożyczki klon potrzebuję pożyczki bez bik kredyt na mieszkanie bank spółdzielczy kredyt bank nowy sacz kontakt ebroker pożyczki opinie warunki kredytu w banku millenium kredyty chwilówki jaworzno leopold kredyt bank w sopocie kredyt bankowy definicja pożyczki dla nieletnich pożyczki pod zastaw samochodów wrocław kredyt w skok stefczyka forum kredyt bank łosice kredyt bank promienna kredyty chwilówki pruszków podatek od pożyczki od wspólnika oblicz oprocentowanie pożyczki w skali roku kredyt bez biku bez zaswiadczen kalkulator kredytowy konsolidacyjny alior bank kredyt bank wąwozowa kredyty bez bik wodzisław śląski udzielenie pożyczki podmiotowi powiązanemu pożyczki chwilówki pabianice kredyt bank jawor getin bank kredyt gotowkowy na 120 miesiecy rzeczywisty koszt pożyczki skarabeusz pozyczki w sremie oświadczenie o wypowiedzeniu umowy pożyczki pożyczka bez biku lublin pożyczki pozabankowe na zakup nieruchomości kredyt mieszkaniowy w pko bp opinie 2011 pożyczki jeremie łódź kredyt na oświadczenie w banku pocztowym kredyt w orange na karte kod pożyczki od ręki bez zaświadczeń umowa pożyczki od firmy kredyt w bank bph opinie optima pożyczki reklama prywatne pożyczki pod zastaw zielona góra kredyt bank czeladź pożyczki żywiec kredyty dla wspólnot mieszkaniowych 2012 pożyczki od osób prywatnych śląskie kredyt bankowy głównym źródłem kreacji pieniądza pożyczki banku światowego kredyt bank łódź aleksandrowska godziny otwarcia pożyczki biznes kredyty mieszkaniowe bank pekao sa kredyty chwilówki w uk pożyczki pod zastaw lombardy katowice pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu rzeszów kredyt w 5 minut pozyczki tylko na wyciag z konta wejherowo ubezpieczenie pożyczki pekao sa przekonwertowanie pożyczki na kapitał pożyczki gotówkowe wbk pożyczki bez bik chojnice pismo o umorzenie kredytu z funduszu socjalnego jak zdobyc pozyczke bez bik i komornika konsolidacja kredytów gdzie najlepiej pożyczki bez przelewu na konto kredyt dla nowych firm puławy kredyt bez biku płock wniosek o udzielenie pożyczki z pracy kredyt refinansowy w alior banku kredyty chwilówki kalwaryjska kraków kredyt bank w suwałkach kto udziela pozyczki w domu klienta walbrzych zwrot ubezpieczenia pożyczki kredyt chwilowki krakow skarabeusz okres kredytowania pożyczki bez bik wadowice kredyt bank opłaty pożyczki na dowód do domu pożyczka w domu spis firm wałbrzych pożyczki bez zaświadczeń kredyt bez sprawdzania w bik firma pożyczki chwilówki alior bank kredyt gotówkowy forum pożyczka na oświadczenie przez internet pożyczki pozabankowe łódź kościuszki pozyczka 3000 gdansk kredyt konsolidacyjny db umowa pożyczki między firmami wzór kredyt konsolidacyjny w pko bank polski kredyt konsolidacyjny w santander bank prywatne pożyczki bez zabezpieczeń poznań pożyczki prywatne pod weksel śląsk kredyt bank zabrze kontakt kredyt konsolidacyjny we frankach szwajcarskich kredyt bank sa krs opodatkowanie pożyczki od rodziców kredyt bez zus us gdańsk pożyczki chwilówki stalowa wola kredyt bank kutno kredyt bank w dzierżoniowie pożyczki na komornika kredyt bank dietla kredyt bank kołobrzeska 12 kredyt bez biku bez zaswiadczen kredyt w polskim banku praca za granica kredyt bank lublin windykacja kontakt pożyczki prywatne jelenia góra pożyczki miechów kredyt bank krakowskie przedmieście lublin 18lat na dowod kredyt olsztyn nowe miasto lubawskie pożyczka na dowód karty kredytowe online z krd kredyt konsolidacyjny parabank kredyt na konto w 15 minut bez bik krd na dowód pożyczki pod zastaw sosnowiec kredyty bankowe stan początkowy kredyt bank rzeszów rejtana pożyczki bez bik lublin kredyty chwilówki łaziska górne getin bank kredyt bez zaświadczeń kredyt bankowy korzyści jaki kod na kredyt orange bocian pożyczki gotówkowe bydgoszcz kredyt bank euro kurs kredyt chwilówka bochnia kredyty mieszkaniowe dla osob pracujacych za granica kredyty chwilowki opole pożyczki dębica adres kredyt banku centrala szybki kredyt gotówkowy bez bik przez internet pożyczki bez poręczyciela pożyczki w domu klienta elbląg prywatne pożyczki w lublinie kredyt studencki pko wzór umowy pulawska kredyty chwilowki warszawa bez bik i krd pożyczki w domu klienta opole gdzie otrzymac kredyt bez bik parabanki pożyczki online kredyt bank chełmska pożyczki września obligacja 6 pożyczki narodowej getin bank kredyt samochodowy na oświadczenie pożyczki bez biku w łodzi opodatkowanie pożyczki udzielonej spółce pożyczki alternatywne kredyty pozabankowe dla firm bez bik pozyczka szybka z komornikiem bez bik bialystok pożyczka z zakładu pracya bik kredyt gotowkowy bez big i krd kredyt przez internet bez zadnych zaswiadczen udziele szybkiej pozyczki na procent getin noble bank ubezpieczenie kredytu pożyczki pozabankowe w śremie kredyty bez bik białystok kredyt bank ełk ul słowackiego getin noble bank kredyt inwestycyjny kredyt konsolidacyjny dla małżeństw nowe pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik i krd kredyty chwilówki katowice giszowiec kredyt inwestycyjny eurobank czy łatwo o kredyt w getin banku kredyty bez biku dla firm kredyt bank iv oddział warszawa kalkulator odsetek od pożyczki gofin kredyt gotówkowy bez bik na dowód umowa pożyczki pod zastaw działki księgowanie wpłat w kredyt banku kredyt konsolidacyjny dla firm bez bik pożyczki podobne do bocian pożyczki pozabankowe typu provident opłaty za przelew zagraniczny kredyt bank kredyt konsolidacyjny nowy sacz kredyty banki spółdzielcze pożyczki gdańska 69 bydgoszcz opinie kredyt konsolidacyjny we franku kredyt bank spółdzielczy skawina pożyczki w domu bolesławięc certus pożyczki opinie kredyty chwilówki mail kredyty bez biku gdańsk kredyty chwilówki konto kredyt samochodowy bez bik forum pożyczki na pierwszy biznes kredyt bank opłata za listę haseł kredyt dla firm bez zaświadczeń forum kredyt bank busko godziny otwarcia pożyczki pozabankowe kartuzy kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulatory oprocentowanie pożyczki w alior banku kredyt studencki bank bph pożyczki pozabankowe rawicz umowa pożyczki dla spółki a pcc alior bank kredyt pod zastaw mieszkania szybka pozyczka z dostawa do domu zywiec szybki kredyt w jakim banku szybkie pożyczki anglia szybki kredyt w banku kredyty bez biku dla zadłużonych kredyt bank marcinkowskiego kredyt bank mt940 kredyt bank oprocentowanie ror pożyczki bez bik gostynin pozyczki bocian radom kredyt samochodowy alior bank pożyczki pod zastaw gryfice pożyczki bocian w słupsku najtańsze pożyczki w bankach kredyt bez bik gumtree pożyczki ostrowiec kapitał pożyczki kredyty chwilówki w łomży promocja pożyczki gotówkowej pożyczki społecznościowe chwilówki kredyt mieszkaniowy w zagranicznym banku kredyt bank historia kredyt bank profil zdobywcy kredyt bank ostatnie księgowanie kredyt bank tczew ul gdańska pożyczki na niski dochód kredyt bank warszawa mokotów kredyty chwilówki sanok pożyczki od osób prywatnych siedlce kredyty samochodowe santander bank opinie na temat dobrej pożyczki skarbiec pożyczki pozabankowe będzin pożyczki z zakladowego funduszu świadczeń socjalnych kredyt bank w chorzowie pcc od pożyczki dla wspólnika pożyczki na umowa zlecenie kredyt bez bik krd dla firm kredyt bank sa rzeszów pożyczki prywatne od osób prywatnych kredyt bank poznań adres kredyty chwilówki w lublinie pokwitowanie zwrotu pożyczki wzór kredyt samochodowy dominet bank kredyty mieszkaniowe dla młodych małżeństw 2014 pożyczki pod zastaw łomża umowa pożyczki umowa wzajemna umowa pożyczki bez odsetek umorzenie odsetek od pożyczki z zfśs kredyty pozabankowe zielona góra windykacja pożyczki z zfśs pozorna umowa pożyczki kredyt w orange pop numer kredyty bez bik siedlce bocian pożyczki śrem umowa pozyczki ze wsteczna data pożyczki w domu klienta głogów kredyt bank żory kredyt mieszkaniowy w pko oprocentowanie kredyt przez telefon bez peselu pożyczki gotówkowe bph pożyczki gotówkowe bank pocztowy pożyczki prywatne oświęcim wzór umowy pożyczki pieniędzy od brata kredyt bank łódz kredyt bank w sosnowcu kredyt bank gdynia karwiny kredyt pożyczka pozabankowa pożyczki od osób prywatnych białystok kredyty bez bik w banku kredyty pozabankowe i prywatne bocian pożyczki numer tel awaria systemu w kredyt banku szybkie pożyczki na dowód od 18 lat kredyt konsolidacyjny firma kredyt bank warszawa krs kredyty chwilówki bielawa kalkulator pożyczki provident pożyczki od rodziny podatek cesja wierzytelności z umowy pożyczki kredyty chwilówki chorzów pro domo toruń pożyczki kredyty pozabankowe pod zastaw kredyty pozabankowe bez zaswiadczen wiarygodne pożyczki bez bik kredyt konsolidacyjny plus gotówka kredyt bank bialoleka kredyty bez sprawdzania w bazie bik pożyczki śląskie pożyczki bez bik żory oprocentowanie kredytu w banku śląskim kredyt bez bik alior bank oświadczenie o wypowiedzeniu umowy pożyczki skarabeusz pożyczki ostrów wlkp gwarant pozyczki piotrkow tryb druk pcc od pożyczki mikropożyczki w indiach kredyt w idea banku forum kredyt bank borek wlkp kredyt w db bank opinie

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

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Bill Casselman's Words of the World & Canadian Word of the Day:Their Etymologies & General Word Lore at www.billcasselman.com

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad