kredyt bank warecka pożyczki dla lekarzy pożyczki w spółce cywilnej kredyt pozabankowy łódź kredyt na dom a umowa na czas określony przewalutowanie kredytu w banku millennium w jakim banku wziac kredyt studencki pcc od umowy pożyczki od wspólnika pożyczki do domu piła kredyt z banku zagranicznego pozyczki online bez przelewu czy kredyt bank ma problemy atrakcyjne pożyczki kredyt na kąta w 15 minut bez big krd na dowód kredyt samochodowy bez bik wrocław kredyt bank kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator iii optima pożyczki do domu kredyt bank identyfikator w jakim banku wziac kredyt studencki bocian pożyczki brodnica kredyt konsolidacyjny fortis bank bocian pożyczki lubin kredyt bank lipowa białystok godziny otwarcia czy idea bank daje kredyt pod zastaw pożyczki kościerzyna pożyczki dla młodych rolników umowa pożyczki dla dziecka wzór pozyczki dla pracujacych z komornikiem pożyczki poznań na dowód pożyczki podatki kredyty gotówkowe bez bik rzeszów pożyczki bez bik krosno pożyczki augustów pozyczki na dowód osobisty pozyczki bez bik wegrow kredyt bez bik skierniewice kredyty bez bik chojnice kredyt bank piłsudskiego koszalin kredyt mieszkaniowy zmiana kredytobiorcy kredyt bank sa białystok pożyczki 20000 zł pożyczki w skoku praca kredyty chwilówki płock pożyczki dla zadłużonych katowice kredyt bank chełmska godziny otwarcia alior bank kredyt przez telefon kredyt mieszkaniowy warunki uzyskania w ktorym banku brac kredyt pożyczki chwilówki ostróda oddziały kredyt banku w białymstoku pożyczki dla studentów i absolwentów pożyczki społecznościowe opodatkowanie konwersja pożyczki na kapitał księgowanie kredyt konsolidacyjny ang nadzabezpieczenie pożyczki pożyczka tax care dla osob prywatnych kredyty chwilówki sanok udzielić pożyczki ang pko bp kredyt mieszkaniowy dokumenty kredyty w jakim banku pożyczki prywatne płock kredyt bank sa bankowość elektroniczna kredyty bez bik i krd dla firm podatek pcc od pożyczki od udziałowca kredyty chwilówki kłobuck prywatne pozyczki na dowod szczecinek 1000 zl pożyczki lublin kredyt samochodowy dla firm szybki kredyt konsolidacyjny bez bik kredyt bank gdańsk godziny otwarcia sobota umowa pożyczki pieniędzy a urząd skarbowy lukas bank kredyt gotówkowy przez internet czy kredyt konsolidacyjny sie opłaca umowa odnowienia pożyczki abis pożyczki dla każdego opinie kredyt w pko sa forum pożyczki pod zastaw lombardy radom kredyty dla studentów wbk umowa pożyczki mieszkaniowej z zfśs kredyt bank lokaty terminowe kredyt bank legionowo godziny otwarcia kredyt bank biała szybkie kredyty bez bik przez internet maksymalny koszt pożyczki kredyt bank grupa kredyt bank rondo onz godziny otwarcia skarabeusz pożyczki konin kredyt pod zastaw mieszkania bez bik gdzie szukać pożyczki pozabankowej kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator banków umowa pożyczki a zwolnienie z pcc pożyczki ratalne które banki dają kredyt w euro pożyczki bez sprawdzania zdolności kredytowej i bik kredyty bez bik w koninie kredyty chwilówki grunwaldzka bcs gwarant pożyczki pożyczki bez bik na święta pożyczki ząbkowice śląskie kredyt gotowkowy w ktorym banku szybki kredyt bez biku kredyt eurobank forum kredyt na remont mieszkania bank pocztowy activa 500 czy bez problemu daja pozyczki bezpieczne pożyczki pozabankowe pożyczki chwilówki kasomat kredyt dla firm bez bik kraków kredyt konsolidacyjny meritum bank opinie pismo o umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs kredyt konsolidacyjny olsztyn firmy leasingowe pożyczki pożyczki bocian w słupsku kredyt bank plac zbawiciela warszawa pożyczki pozabankowe w legnicy kredyt konsolidacyjny wikipedia pożyczki pod zastaw suwałki darowizny pożyczki korzyści z ubezpieczenia pożyczki pożyczki pozabankowe świnoujście księgowanie pieniędzy w kredyt banku kredyt bank wcześniejsza spłata kredytu kredyt bank wojska polskiego zielona góra tani kredyt konsolidacyjny bez bik kredyt pozabankowy kalisz pożyczki w domu częstochowa kredyty chwilówki zawiercie pożyczki dla firm kielce pożyczki z dostawą do domu wrocław kredyt konsolidacyjny przykłady pożyczki z budżetu jst szybkie pożyczki gotówkowe bez zaświadczeń czy od pożyczki trzeba zapłacić podatek pożyczki forminx finance pożyczki ostatnia deska ratunku kredyt bez bik dąbrowa górnicza kredyt bank jaslo kredyt bank payback szybkie pożyczki bez bik i krd kredyt bez bik skarbiec parabanki udzielające pozyczek bez sprawdzania biku pożyczki w banku ing kredyt bank warszawa ul popularna kredyty mieszkaniowe raport pożyczki od osob prywatnych tychy kredyt pod zastaw mieszkania wrocław kredyt bank wroclaw legnicka kredyt bank sa tel pomoc publiczna pożyczki bocian pożyczki bik kredyt konsolidacyjny bank pko sa kredyt mieszkaniowy obliczenia pozyczki łodz kontakt kredyt bank regon pożyczki od 18 lat pożyczki chwilówki w lublinie kredyt gotówkowy w banku pocztowym kredyt bank wynagrodzenie kredyt konsolidacyjny skok wspólnota pożyczki pozabankowe 50000 praca licencjacka o kredytach kredyt bank piłsudskiego siedlce kredyt bank pl bankowosc elektroniczna kredyt konsolidacyjny z windykacją pożyczki w domu klienta bez przelewu za groszbydgoszcz pożyczki gotówkowe w banku pocztowym pożyczki podobne do provident pożyczki od ludzi kredyt mieszkaniowy dla młodych małżeństw 2014 kredyt bank w łomży kredyt mieszkaniowy pko bp opinie 2012 udzielenie pożyczki przez spółkę wspólnikowi umowa pożyczki znajomemu pożyczki z funduszu jeremie kredyt bankowy w rachunku bieżącym jest pożyczki w 15 minut na koncie kredyt studencki pko kiedy potrzebuję ów kredyt umowa pożyczki w spółce komandytowej pro collect pożyczki pożyczki bez bik praca pożyczki bez bik kołobrzeg kredyty bez bik oferty bankomaty kredyt banku w lodzi kredyt bank wypowiedzenie rachunku obliczanie odsetek od pożyczki kalkulator kredyt bank sa leszno kredyty pozabankowe do 10000 kredyt bez sprawdzania w bik umorzenie pożyczki rodzinnej kredyt bank słupsk bankomaty kredyt bez bik legionowo neobank pożyczka bez bik pożyczki dla zadłużonych bez zaświadczeń kredyt ze wsparciem unijnym idea bank forum kredyt bank gdansk targ drzewny pożyczki pozabankowe prywatne pożyczki na dowód z komornikiem kredyt mieszkaniowy 120 000 pożyczki kraków szlak pożyczki pozabankowe oferty kredyt konsolidacyjny zabezpieczenie kredyt mieszkaniowy pracuje za granica kredyt bank v oddział warszawa kredyt bank lokaty dla firm podatek od umowy pożyczki 2012 kredyt bank jarosław kredyt bank kraków kazimierzowskie godziny otwarcia pożyczki parabanki kredyt bank centrum handlowe warszawa kredyty chwilówki definicja pożyczki prow pożyczki chwilówki kredyt bez bik umowa zlecenie kredyt bank fundusze kraków pożyczki na dowód pożyczki działalność gospodarcza natychmiastowe pożyczki pod zastaw lombardy poznań pożyczki dla bezrobotnych 2014 karty kredytowe pozabankowe gdansk umowa pożyczki stawka pcc obliczenie raty kredytu mieszkaniowego rodzina na swoim pożyczka bez sprawdzania w krd i bik najkorzystniejsze pożyczki gotówkowe waloryzacja pożyczki szybkie pożyczki bochnia facebook pożyczki pożyczki online bez bik kredyty bez bik chorzów kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator alior kredyt bank lokaty kwiecień 2012 pożyczki chwilówki bez biku umorzenie pożyczki udzielonej udziałowcowi kredyty chwilówki opinie klientów kredyt idea bank oprocentowanie pożyczki chwilówki limanowa najkorzystniejsza pozyczka bez krd kredyt bez bik brzeg kredyt bez bik bialystok kredyt bank w walbrzychu umowa pożyczki pomiędzy rodzeństwem kredyty mieszkaniowe bank pko bp kredyt bankowy pod zastaw samochodu pożyczki kredyty dla zadłużonych z komornikiem kredyt on line pozabankowy status pożyczki kredito24 kredyt bankowy w księgach rachunkowych pożyczki kalkulator umowa pożyczki przeniesienie własności pożyczki chwilówki zasady kredyt konsolidacyjny wągrowiec banki spółdzielcze kredyty bez bik prodomo co to za pozyczki pożyczki inwestycyjne dla firm getin bank symulacja pożyczki pozyczki pozabankowe w euro w holandii pożyczki 0 kredyt na dowód przez internet bez biku kredyt konsolidacyjny zestawienie banków pożyczki prywatne kutno wzór umowy pożyczki weksel kredyt bank kupon 6 kredyt bank konto studenckie kredyt samochodowy dla mundurowych pożyczki na oświadczenie warszawa kredyt bank krauthofera 16 pożyczki na dowód kołobrzeg kredyt na samochod bez bik prywatny warszawa kredyt bez bik dla emeryta termin przedawnienia umowy pożyczki kredyt bez bik radomsko mikropożyczki indie umowa pożyczki przelew kredyty w działalności banku kredyt samochodowy czy gotówkowy forum pożyczki na pit bez bik kredyt bank bankomaty tarnów oprocentowanie pożyczki bankowej mikropożyczki dla firm pozyczki bez bikikrd pozyczki udzelane w domu warszawa pożyczki prywatne prawo kredyt studencki w którym banku pożyczki między internautami pożyczki mieszkaniowe kredyty chwilówki szczecin opinie kredyt bank wydział zajęć komorniczych kredyt bez biku rybnik kredyt gotówkowy w jakim banku najlepiej forum udzielę pożyczki prywatnej toruń kredyt w banku lloyds kredyt studencki pko bp kiedy decyzja kredyty pozabankowe katowice amigo pożyczki santander consumer bank kredyty konsolidacyjne kredyty bez bik ogłoszenia pożyczki na gumtree bank pko sa kalkulator kredytowy rezygnacja z karty kredytowej multima wzórkredyt bank cechy pożyczki gotówkowej umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs zwolnionemu pracownikowi kredyt bank lokaty internetowe błyskawiczne pożyczki online kredyt bez zaświadczenia o dochodach forum pozyczki mikrokasa opinie brak zwrotu pożyczki przestępstwo kredyt bank ii oddział białystok kredyt bank światowida wzory umowy pożyczki pieniężnej pożyczki dla młodych ludzi kredyt konsolidacyjny zasady umowa pożyczki pienięznej kredyty chwilówki słupsk kredyt chwilówka dla studenta kredyt konsolidacyjny przy najniższej krajowej pożyczki żagiel kredyty chwilówki szczecin krzywoustego kod kredytowy w orange kredyt mieszkaniowy bank pocztowy forum pożyczki od osób prywatnych forum pożyczki bez dochodu pożyczki gotówkowe pozabankowe załatwie kredyt w banku kredyt bank lublin narutowicza kontakt kredyt bank kapitał pożyczki chwilówki brzeg konto osobiste w kredyt banku opinie pożyczki bez bik w bydgoszczy pożyczki na dowód bez zaświadczeń skarabeusz kredyt bankowy podsumowanie kredyt pozabankowy opole kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zus pożyczki pozabankowe śląskie pożyczki chwilówki kępno kredyty pozabankowe lubuskie pożyczki pod zastaw rumia pozyczka podobna do pozyczka zyrafa umowa pożyczki po angielsku wzór kredyt bank bialystok ul radzyminska pożyczki chwilowki warszawa przez internet kredyt bank w białobrzegach kredyt studencki pko potrzebne dokumenty pożyczki w pko bank polski kredyt bez sprawdzania w bik warszawa kredyty dla wspólnot mieszkaniowych 2012 umowa pożyczki a podatki wzór pokwitowania spłaty pożyczki szybkie pożyczki inowrocław pożyczki bez bik i krd przez internet bocian pożyczki bolesławiec umowa pożyczki między członkami rodziny wzór pozorna umowa pożyczki kredyty bankowe książki chomikuj kraków pożyczki prywatne idea bank kredyt na start firmy opinie kredyt bank prabuty godziny otwarcia kredyt bank lublin narutowicza obliczanie rat pożyczki eurocash pożyczki toruń kredyt bank fosa staromiejska toruń pozyczki bez bik ciechanow kredyty chwilówki warszawa kredyt konsolidacyjny expander kalkulator pożyczki bez zaświadczeń dochodach udzielenie pożyczki a podatek vat optima pożyczki oferty pracy pożyczki chwilówki łuków pozyczka bartek pozyczki mieszkaniowe na sam dowod raty pożyczki przedawnienie kredyt bez bik opolskie kredyty bez komornika biku koszt całkowity pożyczki pożyczki bez zdolności kredytowej legnica kredyt bank opole krakowska pożyczki udzielane przez gminę pożyczki na dowód krasnystaw pożyczki socjalne w pracy kredyt bank w skarżysku paulina dabrowska pozyczki pożyczki pod zastaw działki rolnej kredyt bank w tczewie pożyczki lendon kredyty chwilówki płock kredyt bank wyniki 2012 vivus odmowa pożyczki pożyczki dla pracownika umowa pożyczki nieoprocentowana pożyczki przez internet 24h kredyt bank warszawa politechnika pożyczki lombardowe oprocentowanie pożyczki pozabankowe ostrów wlkp kredyt gotówkowy w banku pocztowym opinie kredyt konsolidacyjny dokumenty pożyczki dla małych firm pożyczki chwilówki brzeg kredyt bank wypowiedzenie umowy bocian pożyczki opinia pożyczki do 15000 pożyczki od osób prywatnych radom umowa pozyczki ze wsteczna data umowa pożyczki do spółki z oo pożyczki pozabankowe lubań lendon pożyczki opinie pożyczka pozabankowa do20tys kredyt bank w slupsku kredyty bez bik lubuskie niezarejestrowana umowa pożyczki udzielać pożyczki ang pożyczki blog pożyczki bez dochodów opinie pożyczki bez bik na umowe zlecenie pożyczki peer to peer kredyty chwilówki kredyty bankowe historia kredyty mieszkaniowe pko bp sa kredyt bez bik skok kredyt konsolidacyjny poczta polska godziny pracy kredyt banku w warszawie pożyczki z funduszu efs alior bank kredyt bez bik umowa pożyczki spółce jawnej umowa pożyczki między osobami fizycznymi wzór kredyt bank żytnia warszawa godziny otwarcia pożyczki bez bik provident optima pożyczki opinie pożyczki jeremie opinie wycena pożyczki według skorygowanej ceny nabycia kredyt bank płock kolegialna godziny otwarcia opinie o kokos pożyczki banki ktore udzielaja pozyczek na dowod kredyt konsolidacyjny na 20 lat bez zabezpieczeń kredyt bank wroclaw pilnie potrzebuję pożyczki pozabankowej kredyty chwilówki piotrków tryb pożyczki firmowe bez bik pożyczki ubezpieczone pożyczki pozabankowe przez internet bez bik i krd kredyt bank rondo onz kredyt bank iban kredyty mieszkaniowe symulator kredyt bank logowanie kredyt bank lokaty dewizowe ekspresowe pożyczki bez biku pozyczki bez krs i bik na oswiadczenie pożyczki mieszkaniowe z zfśs capital partners pożyczki kredyt bank warszawa zytnia kredyt bank pleszew dwie pożyczki w provident posrednictwo kredyty chwilowki kredyt bank ustka kredyt mieszkaniowy wrocław przykładowa umowa pożyczki gotówkowej idea bank kredyt obrotowy forum wbk24 kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyty chwilówki bez biku kredyt bez bik zamość pożyczki gotówkowe alior bank kalkulator kredyt mieszkaniowy dla lekarzy banki kredyt dla firm kredyt kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator kredyt mieszkaniowy dla singla kalkulator kredyt gotówkowy przy umowie na czas określony pożyczka pawinski krzysztof warszawa pan kowalski zaciagnal kredyt w banku w wysokosci 40000 kredyt bank łódź niemcewicza godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki pięniędzy kredyt konsolidacyjny brak zdolności kredytowej kredyt mieszkaniowy zasady przyznawania pożyczki gniezno formularz pożyczki kredyt bank leszno kontakt pożyczki chwilówki nowe firmy kredyt bez bik skok kredyt bank ranking pożyczki rapida kredyt mieszkaniowy gdzie najlepiej pożyczki od lat 18 pożyczki na rok przez internet oprocentowanie pożyczki od udziałowca kredyt bank w bełchatowie umowa pożyczki osób prywatnych pożyczki forta kredyt bank warszawa vii oddział slimak pozyczki pożyczki z zadłużeniem komorniczym bezpieczne pożyczki bez bik pożyczki pozabankowe kętrzyn umowa pożyczki między podatnikami vat pozyczki bydgoszcz 24 oświadczenie oddania pożyczki kredyty 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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad