skarabeusz pożyczki tomaszów mazowiecki prywatne pożyczki pod weksel 2013 kredyt bank wynagrodzenie pozyczki domowe boleslawiec kredyt samochodowy bez bik warszawa w jakim banku najlepiej wziąć kredyt inwestycyjny kredyty mieszkaniowe bank pekao sa kredyt bank hasła jednorazowe kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim pko bp pożyczki bez bik chwilówki kredyt bez biku gdynia kredyt w koncie credit agricole kredyt bez bik od zaraz kredyt bank rybnik plac wolności godziny otwarcia kredyt bank kutno pożyczki kwidzyn na telefon pożyczki bez dochodu toruń preferencyjny kredyt studencki pko forum edir pożyczki kredyty chwilówki bez bik poznań kredyt bankowy pod zastaw nieruchomości pożyczki z poczty kredyt konsolidacyjny bank zachodni wbk pożyczki bez bik 4000 kredyt bez biku opinie wzór na obliczenie pożyczki mieszkaniowej kredyt konsolidacyjny 150 tys prowident krakow pozyczk najtańsze kredyty gotówkowe bez bik gdzie dostac kredyt samochodowy bez bik kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator rat wbk umowa pożyczki pieniędzy od siostry pożyczki chwilówki na konto kredyt w banku pocztowym forum umowa pożyczki w transzach kredyt konsolidacyjny gdzie najlatwiej dostac pozyczki chwilowki na dowod mragowo pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik szczecin kredyt studencki pko ostatnia transza mikropożyczki kielce kronos pożyczki praca kredyt dla studenta mbank udzielone pożyczki prezentacja w bilansie pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik krd koszty udzielenia pożyczki kredyt samochodowy dla rencistów kredyty samochodowe alior bank zwrot pożyczki pieniężnej za pokwitowaniem wzór kredyt studencki pko poręczenie bgk udzielić pożyczki english pożyczki wojciech górski pozyczki dla zadłuzonych stargard adres telefon pozyczki oddłużeniowe bez bik online kredyt przez internet bez bik bez wychodzenia z domu kredyt bank kwidzyn godziny otwarcia kredyt mieszkaniowy pod zastaw mieszkania rodziców pożyczki chwilówki bez sprawdzania w bik kredyt bez biku torun kredyty sms bez bik prywatny kredyt bez bik z komornikiem kredyt studencki pko wzór umowy kredyt odnawialny bez biku prolongata pożyczki kontrakt pożyczki pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości wrocław kredyty bez biku zielona góra kredyty dla zadłużonych bez bik pożyczki łódź opinie pożyczki pozabankowe oława kredyt bank placenie karta za granica kredyty pozabankowe kredyt mieszkaniowy dla singli warunki kredyt studencki bzwbk 2011 pożyczki chwilówki bydgoszcz optima pożyczki jakie raty rybnik kredyty bez bik z komornikiem kredyty chwilówki katowice francuska kredyty chwilówki windykator opinie kredyt bank lokata na 6 miesięcy umowa pożyczki wymagania kredyt konsolidacyjny na pit 2013 kredyty chwilówki w lublinie pożyczki marka kredyt bank 4 kredyty bez bik sochaczew pożyczki prywatne śrem kredyt konsolidacyjny bank millennium pożyczki chwilówki aleksandrów kujawski kredyt bank polna warszawa kredyt bankowy z bik kredyt bank kalkulator kredyt bank warszawa arkadia szybki kredyt 2014r :l getin bank oprocentowanie kredytów gotówkowych kredyty chwilówki kościerzyna kredyt bank bankomaty bez prowizji 2014 szybkie kredyty minimum formalnosci kredyt bank zielona góra godziny otwarcia najszybsze pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt bank finanse z zasadami umorzenie pożyczki pracownikowi kredyt bank warszawa garibaldiego 4 prywatne pozyczki bez baz kraków umowa pożyczki z pracownikiem wzór kredyt bank zaspa kredyty pozyczki bez biku szybkie pożyczki krosno kredyty chwilówki dębica pożyczki chwilówki bolesławiec pożyczka kredyt pozabankowy pożyczki od ręki łódź kredyt bez bik pod zastaw samochodu pożyczki za 0 zł kredyt konsolidacyjny 2014 ranking kredyt bank trzcianka godziny otwarcia kredyt bankowy aktywa czy pasywa kredyt bank nowy sącz jagiellońska kredyt bank chełm telefon umowa nieodpłatnej pożyczki wzór kredyt chwilowka potrącenie pożyczki z zfśs z zasiłku chorobowego kredyt samochodowy bez bik big kredyt konsolidacyjny online kredyty bank wbk udzielenie pożyczki spółce z oo kredyt mieszkaniowy w pko oprocentowanie pożyczki mikro pożyczki chwilówki ryzyko kredyt bank pożyczka konsolidacyjna kredyt konsolidacyjny na ryczałcie kredyt samochodowy ranking wrzesień 2013 pożyczki pozabankowe wniosek online kredyt bank konto firmowe pieniążek pożyczki pożyczki wg msr umowa pożyczki od kolegi pożyczki podkarpacie chwilowki legnica jak wziasc kredyt pożyczki gotówkowe telefon kredyt bez bik rzeszow kredyt bank program rabatowy pożyczki bez baz przez internet kredyty chwilówki ulotki mennica pozyczki jelenia gora forum kredyt pozabankowy bez zdolności kredytowej bocian pożyczki żywiec kredyty chwilówki 35 kredyt firmowy bez bik kredyt bankowy na otwarcie firmy pożyczki pod zastaw legnica kredyt konsolidacyjny db kredyt kalkulator kredyt w orange jaki nr księgowanie pożyczki od osoby fizycznej kredyt bank w pruszkowie kredyt chwilówka kłodzko pożyczki pozabankowe w kaliszu kredyt bank skoczów kontakt kredyty bez bik i krd przez internet dokumentowanie pożyczki pożyczki gotówkowe w bankach kredyty chwilówki w tychach regulamin pożyczki provident pożyczki prometeusz bocian skarabeusz provident kredyty chwilówki gorzów wlkp kredyty chwilowki krakow kalwaryjska umowa pożyczki pieniędzy raty umowa pożyczki między rodzicami a dziećmi kredyt gotówkowy w credit agricole pożyczki śląsk umowa pożyczki z zfśs wzór pożyczki pozabankowe ostrołęka kredyty pozabankowe gorzów wlkp umowa pożyczki oświadczenie o poddaniu się egzekucji kredyt konsolidacyjny w credit agricole opinie kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator skok stefczyka kredyty w działalności banku kredyt bez bik i krd płock kredyty bez bik łódź kredyt bank w dąbrowie tarnowskiej kredyt konsolidacyjny czy gotówkowy kredyt bankowy jako źródło finansowania bocian pozyczki lebork kredyty pozabankowe lubuskie kredyty chwilówki katowice panewnicka kredyty bez bik mikołów pożyczki prow kredyt bank przeworsk kontakt bankowy kredyt pod zastaw działki umowa pożyczki ord u umorzenie pożyczki z zfron pożyczki ostrołęka znaczenie kredytu bankowego kredyt bank payback pożyczki w domu klieta kołobrzeg kredyt bez biku sosnowiec kredyt obrotowy w banku spółdzielczym skarabeusz pożyczki bez bik kredyty chwilówki bydgoszcz gdańska pożyczki dla zadłużonych opole kredyty chwilówki chełm kredyt bank efs korzyści pożyczki gotówkowej szukam pożyczki łódź szablon umowy pożyczki chwilówki 24 h pożyczki kontakt pożyczki prywatne krotoszyn bank pożyczki na dowód kredyt bank bankomaty warszawa kredyt oddłużeniowy pozabankowy pożyczki do 12 miesięcy kredyt samochodowy dla firm getin bank pozyczki elblag bez zaswiadczen pożyczki w pko bank polski pożyczki dla bezrobotnych 2014 kredyt bank w nidzicy agnieszka wąchała pożyczki pozyczki na dowód kraków pożyczki bez krd i big kredyt bank złoto pożyczki olsztyn na dowód kredyt w banku na biznes pożyczki na długi okres spłaty pożyczki gotówkowe prominent kredyt konsolidacyjny forum opinie kredyty pozabankowe współpraca dukat pożyczki warszawa kredyt konsolidacyjny a wydatki na cele mieszkaniowe pożyczki od osób prywatnych podatek kredyt studencki pko bp warunki kredyt bank 1500 kredyt bank sa chełm kredyt konsolidacyjny w bs kredyt bank hrubieszów godziny otwarcia pożyczki internetowe w 15 minut kredyt bank krotoszyn godziny otwarcia kredyty konsolidacyjne z komornikiem pożyczki gotówkowe bez zaświadczeń warszawa kredyt studencki oprocentowanie 2012 kredyty pozabankowe w lublinie pożyczki gotówkowe opole kredyt bank bezpłatne bankomaty kredyt chwilówki kalkulator pożyczki chwilówki toruń kredyty bez biku i krd plus kasa pożyczki obliczanie odsetek od pożyczki mieszkaniowej kredyt konsolidacyjny dla firm ing kredyt bank bogatynia telefon bocian pożyczki praca łódź kredyt bank lokata z premią 6 5 obliczanie procentów pożyczki kredyty chwilówki zaświadczenie pożyczki społecznościowe poznań bocian pożyczki olsztyn kredyt on line pozabankowy pozyczki bez baz gdansk kredyt konsolidacyjny nordea oprocentowanie kredyt bank lipowa 4 białystok kredyt bank lokaty czerwiec 2012 pożyczki pit kredyty pozabankowe pod zastaw nieruchomosci kredyt chwilowki krakow czy warto wziąć kredyt w getin banku pożyczki bez umowy o prace łodz pcc od umowy pożyczki od udziałowca pożyczki udzielone przez polske kredyty plock bocian włocławek pożyczki pod zastaw pożyczki novum kruk s a kredyt bank lębork godziny otwarcia kredyt w banku w holandii umowa pożyczki na odległość pożyczki prywatne krotoszyn umowa pożyczki rejestracja w us kredyt bank kęty kredyt bank awaria kredyt bank plac powstańców kredyt bez bik do domu pożyczki bez bik wronki profil aktywny w kredyt banku kredyty bez biku z komornikiem obliczanie pożyczki pożyczki przez internet bez bik i krd umowa pożyczki między matką a synem kredyt bank karier kredyty chwilówki wieliczka kredyt bank gdańska bydgoszcz bocian pożyczki lubań pożyczki na dowód bez zdolności kredytowej kredyt bank gdynia bławatna 11 kredyt bank pulawy inwestor pozyczki z zagranicy pożyczki na rozwinięcie działalności gospodarczej kredyt samochodowy w deutsche bank pożyczki w domu klienta w warszawie pismo o umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs kredyty mieszkaniowe 2013 ranking pożyczki prywatne jelenia góra kredyt w credit agricole opinie chwilówki gliwice pożyczki gliwice chwilówki knurów kredyt bank rekomendacje umowa pożyczki bankowej przedawnienie pożyczki chwilówki gdańsk grunwaldzka kredyt bank kraków kazimierzowskie godziny otwarcia pożyczki prywatne mińsk mazowiecki pożyczki pod zastaw jarosław biuro dobrej pożyczki umowa pożyczki między rodziną kredyt studencki warunki wiek kalkulator kredytu gotówkowego w banku pocztowym kredyty chwilówki panel logowania pożyczki aasa opinie kredyt bank toruń godziny otwarcia pożyczki opoczno umowa pożyczki pomiędzy podmiotami pozyczka dla mlodych bez bik konwersja pożyczki na kapitał zakładowy księgowanie pożyczki dla zadłużonych gorzów wlkp kalkulator pożyczki w profi credit umowy o kredyt miedzyfirma a prywatna kredyt mieszkaniowy eurobank kalkulator kredyty bez bik włocławek kredyty bez biku katowice szybkie kredyty minimum formalnosci pożyczki piaseczno lokata w kredyt banku 6 5 pożyczki chwilówki forum opinie kredyt chwilówka nowa ruda pożyczki od zaraz kredyt konsolidacyjny ranking pożyczki na biznes pożyczki przez internet bez bik i zaświadczeń kredyt bank warszawa kadry bocian pożyczki białystok kalkulator odsetek od pożyczki z zfśs pożyczki do domu optima kredyt konsolidacyjny wrocław wypowiedzenie kredytu getin bank szybkie pożyczki inowrocław kredyt bez bik kolobrzeg kredyt bank lokaty z bonusem trudny kredyt konsolidacyjny wzór umowy pożyczki pdf pożyczki pozabankowe białystok kredyt na dowod osobisty gdansk kredyt bank obsługa kredyt bank zyrardow kredyty konsolidacyjne plock kredyt bez bik czestochowa kredyt konsolidacyjny getin kredyt bank lwowska szybkie pożyczki bez bik opole jaka kwota pożyczki jest wolna od podatku credit agricole pożyczki gotówkowe kalkulator rat pożyczki pko konsolidacja kredytów w wbk kredyty bez bik wierzyciel umowa pożyczki minimalne oprocentowanie kredyt bank w rawie mazowieckiej umowa pożyczki paragraf 777 gwarant pozyczki piotrkow umowa pożyczki zwrot pożyczki a oprocentowanie pożyczki bez biku gdańsk kredyt bank lokata opinie kredyt bank międzyrzec przelewy walutowe w kredyt banku przedawnienia pożyczki pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości częstochowa getin noble bank zdrowy kredyt umowa pożyczki ceny transferowe pożyczki prywatne 24h kredyt konsolidacyjny na 20 lat kredyt konsolidacyjny 2012 kredyt bank kościuszki pruszków pożyczki na dowód olsztynek pożyczki dla zadłużonych opole kredyt pozabankowy słupsk pożyczki bez bik olecko wycena pożyczki w euro kredyty chwilówki jak założyć umowa pożyczki wspólnik sp z o o udzielenie pożyczki spółce osobowej przez wspólnika kredyt bank gniezno godziny otwarcia kredyt studencki pko kontakt termin przedawnienia pożyczki kosiński pożyczki ryzyko operacyjne w kredyt banku kredyty z komornikiem oprocentowanie pożyczki udzielonej przez udziałowca kredyt bank warszawa godz otwarcia kredyt w meritum bank forum kredyt bez bik alior bank kredyt bank kursy walut chf kredyt praca licencjacka pożyczki bez zaświadczeń i bez bik kredyt konsolidacyjny firma kredyty bez bik i bez zaświadczeń pożyczki od osób prywatnych forum bocian pożyczki ustka bocian pożyczki tarnów odsetki od pożyczki w deklaracji vat pożyczki bez bik zus us pożyczki w vivus forum kredyt bank wiek kredytobiorcy umowa pożyczki firmie kredyt preferencyjny alior bank kredyt bank rzecznik prasowy kredyt bank warszawa oddział kredyt mieszkaniowy pko bp kredyty forum dyskusyjne pożyczki zielona góra w ktorym banku brac kredyt najtańsze pożyczki bez bik kredyt mieszkaniowy z wkładem własnym kalkulator umowa pożyczki za granicą gdzie kredyt samochodowy forum pożyczki gierka kredyt bank w gliwicach pożyczki prywatne z komornikiem kredyt bankowy na samochód pożyczki gotówkowe wzór pokwitowania spłaty pożyczki kredyt bank lokata terminowa econstans kredyt bankowy bez zaświadczeń szybkie pożyczki śląskie kredyt bank łódź aleksandrowska provident warunki pożyczki pożyczki nasielsk www kredyty pozabankowe bełchatowie getin bank jastrzębie zdrój kredyty samochodowe tel umowa pożyczki na zakup towaru wzór kredyty bez biku zielona gora kredyty chwilówki zarabiaj z nami opinie kredyty chwilówki dla firm feniks słupsk kredyty pożyczki klon definicja pożyczki pieniężnej pożyczki gotówkowe pozabankowe warszawa szybkie pożyczki w internecie kredyt bankowy i jego cechy pożyczki gotówkowe gorzów kredyt na mieszkanie w jakim banku forum kredyt chwilowka bydgoszcz ul gdanska pożyczka na dowód osobisty tani kredyt samochodowy ranking kredyt mieszkaniowy bps podanie o umorzenie pożyczki z funduszu socjalnego kredyty konsolidacyjne artykuł kredyt konsolidacyjny bez badania zdolności kredyt bank wojska polskiego zielona góra kredyt bank logowanie oprocentowanie kredytu mieszkaniowego w pko bp kredyt bez bik 20000 pożyczki przez internet oszustwa odsetki od pożyczki od udziałowca księgowanie pożyczki pod zastaw gruntów pożyczki gotówkowe świnoujście księgowanie pożyczki z bgk kredyty chwilówki koło kredyt konsolidacyjny uk pożyczki do domu bez zaświadczeń i z komornikiem kredyty pozabankowe dla osob z komornikiem pożyczki na dowód opinie kredyt konsolidacyjny działalność gospodarcza kredyt bank jędrzejów pożyczki chwilówki bez konta pożyczki pod zastaw gliwice kredyt gotówkowy w getin bank opinie umorzenie pożyczki fundusz socjalny ubezpieczenie pożyczki po co kredyt bank brzeg dolny potrzebuję pożyczki forum kredyty chwilówki głubczyce beta pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny wągrowiec kredyt bank wrocław bolesława chrobrego kredyt bank białobrzegi radomskie bocian pożyczki świdnica kredyt studencki eurobank umowa pożyczki stawka pcc umowa pożyczki na działalność gospodarczą oświadczenie udzielenia pożyczki kredyt bank piłą oświadczenie spłaty pożyczki kredyt gotówkowy bez biku i zaświadczeń pożyczki mieszkaniowe sędziów kredyt bank plac solny wrocław godziny otwarcia pożyczki dla zadłużonych i w bik dokumenty do kredytu mieszkaniowego pko bp umorzenie pożyczki udzielonej pracownikowi umowa pożyczki wzór rodzina kredyt bank ii oddział gdańsk pożyczki chwilówki zgierz eurobank kredyt bez biku kredyt bank środa wlkp prometeusz pozyczka gotówkowa na dowód pożyczki jeremie łódzkie optima pożyczki częstochowa pożyczki bez bik żnin pożyczki bez meldunku i dochodu stargard pożyczki bez bik na konto

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

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funny sayings

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad