kredyt gotówkowy bez bik krd kredyty bankowe klasyfikacja niezgłoszenie pożyczki kredyty chwilowki krakow kredyt bank lublin krakowskie przedmieście 37 kredyty bez weryfikacji w bik pożyczki akces umowa pożyczki dla syna kredyt studencki pko bp do kiedy eurobank kredyt gotówkowy z bikiem nieoprocentowane pożyczki dla firm kredyt samochodowy ge money bank kredyt bez biku dla firm optima pożyczki kalkulator kredyt bank likwidacja karty kredytowej kredyt mieszkaniowy dla prowadzących działalność pożyczki bez bik i krd kredyt bank warszawa czynny w sobote kredyt bank lokata forum udzielenie pożyczki pkwiu kredyt bank promesa kredyt bez bik jelenia góra pożyczki bez zaświadczeń dochodach pko bp kredyt mieszkaniowy wymagane dokumenty kredyt bank ii oddział gdańsk kredyt bank koszt przelewu kredyt bez biku siedlce kredyt bank w oświęcimiu pożyczki u klienta w domu gwarant pożyczki bochnia kredyt mieszkaniowy na nowe mieszkanie bocian pożyczki lębork czy umowa pożyczki może być ustna kredyty bocian zywiec kredyty chwilówki zabrze kredyt bank konto osobiste opinie kredyt bank gdynia witomino pożyczki chwilówki bez opłat kredyt w banku raty pożyczki bez bik lublin kredyt bank wyniki finansowe 2012 pożyczka przez internet bez sprawdzania kredyt bank sa łomża wzór potwierdzenia zwrotu pożyczki koszt przelewu zagranicznego kredyt bank kredyt bank infolinia żagiel wartość pożyczki kredyt studencki bank gospodarstwa krajowego kredyty chwilówki kredyt konsolidacyjny bez wychodzenia z domu pcc od umowy pożyczki a vat pożyczki żyrafa śrem iban w kredyt banku kredyty bez bik pomorskie jak otrzymac pozyczke w prodomo pożyczki dla adwokatów pcc od pożyczki a koszty pożyczki mieszkaniowe dla pracowników regulamin pożyczki mieszkaniowej z zfśs kredyt studencki pko bp umorzenie potrzebuję pożyczki pod zastaw kredyt bank w płońsku kredyt w banku irlandzkim kredyt bank w lezajsku kredyt bez bik czestochowa pożyczki bocian koszalin kredyt mieszkaniowy na 120 wartości kredyt bez bik sochaczew kredyt w aig bank pożyczki bez bik białystok kredyt bank nowe ogrody gdańsk szybkie kredyty bez biku pożyczki accord pożyczki kraków rynek podgórski alior bank oprocentowanie kredytu mieszkaniowego umowa pożyczki pracownikowi optima pożyczki piła leszno pożyczki bez bik pożyczki chwilówki bydgoszcz na dowód kredyty studenckie mieszkaniowe pożyczki chwilówki włocławek kredyt mieszkaniowy w pekao na start kredyt bank częstochowa dekabrystów kapitalizacja odsetek pożyczki kredyt gotówkowy w getin bank opinie pożyczki bez bik i krd legnica druk pożyczki pkzp kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim pekao sa kredyt bankowy jako forma finansowania pozyczka podobna do pozyczka zyrafa kredyty chwilówki białystok praca pożyczki prywatne dla firm odsetki od pożyczki jak wyliczyć pożyczki pod zastaw bez bik cechy pożyczki i kredytu pożyczki polbank kredyty bez bik wodzisław śląski pożyczki na dowód rybnik umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs wzór deutsche bank kredyt opinie 2013 kredyt konsolidacyjny fortis bank umowa pożyczki pieniędzy gofin pożyczki dla zadłużonych kredyt dla zadluzonych bez biku kredyt w banku gdzie najlepiej pożyczki w domu klienta lubin profil aktywny w kredyt banku kredyt bank godziny przelewów kredyt bank branches millenium bank kredyt na mieszkanie kredyt bank warszawa bonifacego niespłacone pożyczki w uk koszty notarialne umowy pożyczki kredyt bank zołnierska kredyt konsolidacyjny w santander banku pożyczka na sam dowód bez przelewania pieniazków szybkie pożyczki bydgoszcz kredyt bank grojecka warszawa pożyczki na dowód kalisz kredyt bez bik do 30000 partner pozyczki naklo nad notecia szybkie pożyczki bez bik i krd kredyt bank środa wlkp umowa pożyczki między przedsiębiorcami pożyczki rynku pieniężnego szybkie pożyczki ełk pozyczki prywatne wloclawek elk pozyczki bez bik w domu aneks do umowy pożyczki a pcc pożyczki oddłużeniowe kraków kredyty chwilówki doradca klienta zarobki pożyczki bocian gorzów wlkp opodatkowanie odsetek od pożyczki wspólnika kredyt z banku centralnego czy pozyczki activia sa bez biku kredyt samochodowy bez zaświadczenia o zarobkach forum przedłużenie pożyczki ok money kredyt bank wąwozowa kredyt bank notowania pożyczki blog kredyt bank gdansk zaspa pożyczki dla firm 2014 kredyt samochodowy w getin banku forum przedłużenie pożyczki w vivus kredyt bank grodzisk mazowiecki kontakt kredyty bez bik dla zadłużonych forum pożyczka bez baz 2014 kredyt na samochód bez bik i zaświadczeń pożyczki na dowód toruń kredyt bank w hrubieszowie kredyt bez bik stargard kredyt bank w lipnie kredyt bank faktoring kredyty mieszkaniowe forum 2014 kredyt bank kraków rakowicka godziny otwarcia pozyczki inne niz prowident pożyczki pozabankowe dzierżoniów zgłoszenie umowy pożyczki do urzędu skarbowego pożyczki z niskimi dochodami kredyt lombardowy w banku kredyt bank olawa udzielone pożyczki prezentacja w bilansie pożyczki dla firm bielsko prywatne pożyczki łuków pożyczki przez internet plus kredyt bank sa warszawa kontakt kredyt samochodowy bez bik dla nowych firm kredyt bank konstancińska 2 kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyty umowa pożyczki z przewłaszczeniem kredyty bez bik pozabankowe pozyczka dla zadłużonych prywatne pożyczki we wrocławiu pożyczki ostrowiec kredyt bank w jakich bankomatach bez prowizji kredyt bez bik forum dyskusyjne pożyczki chwilówki bez przelewu umowa pożyczki z zabezpieczeniem pożyczki na zakup towaru pożyczki chwilówki marka kredyt bank leszno konstytucji 3 maja kredyt bank kłobuck trudne pozyczki poznan umowa kredytu bankowego a pożyczka kredyt bez bik na działalność kredyt bank godziny otwarcia marki kredyt bez bik pomorskie pożyczki pod zastaw gniezno ang pożyczki kredyty chwilówki jaki procent kredyt konsolidacyjny 8 lat umowa pożyczki spółce przez wspólnika pożyczki na prawo jazdy pozyczki tempo finanse oddzial mosina pożyczki pod zastaw olecko burzyńska pożyczki kredyt bank kazimierzowskie godziny otwarcia podatek od pożyczki z funduszu socjalnego kredyt bank ostrowiec pożyczki pod zastaw domu kredyty bez bik oddłużeniowe pożyczki dla przedsiębiorców łódzkie potrzebuję pilnej pożyczki dzisiaj kredyt konsolidacyjny bez poręczycieli pożyczki chwilówki inowrocław kredyt bank świebodzin kontakt co grozi za niespłacenie pożyczki w providencie getin bank auto kredyt kalkulator kredyt bank krdbplpw kredyty chwilowki plonsk gdańsk pożyczki prywatne kredyt bank i oddział warszawa pożyczki osobiste kiedy przedawnia sie kredyt w banku pożyczki pozabankowe w bełchatowie kredyt pod zastaw nieruchomości w bank bgż pożyczki wyszków kredyt w banku przez internet kredyt bank rzeszow rejtana umowa pożyczki z udziałowcem pożyczki opoczno kredyt bank gliniana uczciwe pożyczki od osób prywatnych kredyt bank swift adres szybkie kredyty bez bik przez internet kredyt konsolidacyjny 10 lat przewalutowanie pożyczki umowa pożyczki pieniędzy urząd skarbowy pożyczki wewnątrzzakładowe kredyt bankowy z bik umowa pożyczki co musi zawierać kredyty bez bik lomza kredyt bank w wadowicach pożyczki daiglob finance kredyt studencki oprocentowanie getin bank kredyty samochodowe jastrzębie zdrój pożyczki pozabankowe w warszawie kredyt bank mieszkaniowy kredyt bank noskowskiego pożyczki bez bik w płocku kredyt studencki bank pekao sa kredyty bez bik szybkie kredyt bez bik do 50 000 kredyt bank tomaszów lubelski opodatkowanie umowy pożyczki 2012 umorzenie pożyczki zfśs a podatek kredyt bank w kętrzynie pożyczki prywatne starogard gdański kredyt w banku na spłatę komornika walbrzych pozyczka w domu pożyczki prywatne biała podlaska pożyczki bez bik stargard szczeciński w którym banku najtańszy kredyt pożyczki ekspresowe przez internet pożyczki gotówkowe dla pracujących za granicą umowa pożyczki na firmę retencja pożyczki kredyt bank konta walutowe kredyty bez bik i krd wrocław pożyczki bankowe kredyt z idea bank opinie awans pożyczki szybka pożyczka 20tysięcy obsługa w domu pożyczki bez bik do domu pożyczki gotówkowe siedlce leasing czy kredyt samochodowy forum pożyczki udzielone spółce przez udziałowca kredyt bank w zgorzelcu kredyt samochodowy bez bik gdzie kredyty samochodowe alior bank kredyt bank janów lubelski godziny otwarcia kredyt bank oława kontakt kredyt bank sa warszawa oddziały pożyczki do 500 zł kredyt bank wroclaw gliniana kredyt w banku eurobank kredyty chwilówki tychy fabryczna 5 włocławek pożyczki pod zastaw bocian pożyczki piotrków tryb potrzebuję pożyczki bez bik kredyt bank oddział ursynów kwota pożyczki zwolniona od podatku kredyt bank lubin tel kredyty bez biku dla firm gdzie wziac kredyt kielce kredyt bez big krakow mikropożyczki ue kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zabezpieczeń kalkulator bank pko kredyty mieszkaniowe umowa pożyczki pod zastaw pdf kredyt na dowód bez zaświadczeń pożyczki w poznaniu pożyczki prywatne gliwice oszuści pożyczki prywatne pożyczki od osób prywatnych na procent zgierz pozyczka pozabankowa na splate chwilowek w bialymstoku pożyczki chwilówki olecko pożyczki bez bik firmy kredyt bank k24 kredyt bank poznań morawskiego kredyt konsolidacyjny a śmierć pożyczka od osób prywatnych wrocław kredyty bez bik lomza kasa stefczyka pożyczki pożyczki udzielone przez polskę kredyty pożyczki trudne prywatne bocian pożyczki brodnica kredyt bank lokaty bankowe bardzo szybki kredyt bez bik pożyczki dla firm z unii druk umowa pożyczki gotówkowej kredyt pozabankowy na mieszkanie nieuczciwe pożyczki wypowiedzenie umowy pożyczki przez bank pożyczki zielona góra pożyczki wojciech górski pożyczki bez bik do 5 tys kredyt bank pożyczki gotówkowe pożyczki internetowa kredyty chwilówki rzeszów plac wolności kredyt bank sandomierz kredyt bank zambrów telefon pożyczki bez bik i poręczycieli pożyczki 4you pożyczki pozabankowe nie provident najtanszy kredyt w banku kredyt pracowniczy kredyt konsolidacyjny rata przyrzeczenie pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki tarnobrzeg kredyt samochodowy w idea banku kredyt bank oddział piła pożyczki chwilówki na raty umowa pożyczki wspólnika dla spółki cywilnej kredyt mieszkaniowy dla mlodych malzenstw kredyty chwilowki wodzislaw sl kredyt prostoliczony w credit agricole kredyt konsolidacyjny na spłatę komornika kredyty chwilówki tychy ul fabryczna 12 kredyt samochodowy ranking wrzesień 2013 nbp kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyty bez biku łódź polecane pożyczki opinie kredyt bank prowizja za granicą pożyczki direct kredyt bank targowa godziny otwarcia pcc od pożyczki dla udziałowca pożyczka bez banku pko bp kredyt mieszkaniowy forum kredyt samochodowy dla firm getin pozyczki bez konta w banku kredyt konsolidacyjny na pit 2013 kredyt studencki pko bp legitymacja kredyt bank wołomin kredyt bez bik śląsk kredyt bank logowanie kredyt bank pocztowy ekasa pożyczki banki spółdzielcze kredyty bez bik kredyty chwilówki kredyt mieszkaniowy komornik pożyczki pozabankowe środa wlkp pożyczki logo marża w kredyt banku pożyczki krótkoterminowe online umowa pożyczki spółce przez wspólnika wzór pożyczki międzychód kredyty konsolidacyjne bez bik jaki bank wybrac duet pożyczki przemyśl kredyt bank w krotoszynie ubezpieczenie do pożyczki gotówkowej kalkulator pożyczki money pozyczka bez bik kielce kredyt bank lubin pożyczki podporządkowane w bilansie kredyt bank nr telefonu kredyty mieszkaniowe maj 2013 kredyt bank numer swift pożyczki krótkoterminowe online kredyt samochodowy w lukas bank kokos pożyczki kontakt kredyt na mieszkanie bank millenium kredyt bank relacje inwestorskie pożyczki takie jak w providencie pożyczki między internautami kredyt mieszkaniowy zwrot podatku kredyt mieszkaniowy 100 wartości 2013 kredyty bez bik kielce bank bgż pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości kredyt przez internet bez zadnych zaswiadczen alior bank kredyt gotówkowy konsolidacyjny przelewy zagraniczne w kredyt bank umowa pożyczki między członkami rodziny wzór kredyt bank aleje marcinkowskiego poznań pożyczki w ratach tygodniowych oferty pożyczki pozabankowej kredyt bank kalkulator kredytu mieszkaniowego pożyczki grodzisk mazowiecki kredyt bez bik 2012 pożyczki notarialne udowodnienie pożyczki pożyczki i poręczenia konwersja pożyczki na kapitał odsetki prywatne pożyczki pod weksel poznań koszty pożyczki provident kredyt bank program partnerski wniosek o kredyt mieszkaniowy pko bp pożyczki pod zastaw toruń kredyt bez biku i krd pko kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim umowa pożyczki w formie ustnej pożyczki chwilówki żnin kredyty bez bik elblag kredyt konsolidacyjny pekao bp kredyt na samochód bez bik i krd kredyt bankowy praca dyplomowa szybkie pożyczki kartuzy kredyt bez bik kolobrzeg pożyczki 3000 pożyczki pozabankowe kraków kredyty bez sprawdzania bik kredyty mieszkaniowe z dopłatą państwa pożyczki bez bik zgorzelec kredyt bank regulamin kredyt odnawialny w banku bgż kredyty chwilówki windykacja praca kredyty w uk po polsku kredyt bank autoryzacja pożyczka pod zastaw kielce skok centrum pożyczki pożyczki dla pracowników a vat kredyt bank płock wyszogrodzka bocian pożyczki kraków pożyczki pod zastaw lombardy legnica prywatne pozyczki na procent irlandia kredyt dla studentów mbank pożyczki pit pożyczki w lombardach umowa pożyczki polsko niemiecka kredyt bank bielsko godziny otwarcia kredyt bank praktyka kredyt konsolidacyjny na 25 lat kredyt chwilówka ile procent kredyty bankowe w przedsiębiorstwie tomek zaciągnął w banku omb kredyt pożyczki gotówkowe świnoujście pożyczki i chwilówki pożyczki społecznościowe abis pożyczki krótkoterminowe kredyt samochodowy bez bik kredyt konsolidacyjny z poręczycielem najlepsze banki po duzy kredyt alior bank kraków pozyczki na pit kredyt bank nowa lista haseł kredyty dla bezrobotnych kredyty dla firm bez bik forum pożyczki udzielane przez jst kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator bgz kredyt bank jelcz laskowice kredyt bank plac powstańców umowa pożyczki podatek 2012 pożyczki online bez bik zaświadczeń alior bank kredyt mieszkaniowy oprocentowanie kredyt w banku na rozpoczęcie działalności kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator porównanie kredyty chwilówki kraków nowa huta kredyt bank piotrków telefon kredyt konsolidacyjny w pko kredyt konsolidacyjny alior bank kredyt bank chełmska kredyty mieszkaniowe z dopłatą rządową kalkulator pożyczki piotrków tryb kredyt bankowy jako produkt banku komercyjnego kredyty chwilowki konskie umorzenie pożyczki mieszkaniowej pracownikowi obliczanie odsetek od pożyczki kredyt gotówkowy w raiffeisen bank pko bp kredyt mieszkaniowy opinie kredyt bank 2 umowa pożyczki pieniędzy pcc umowa pożyczki umowa wzajemna kredyt bank tomaszów mazowiecki godziny otwarcia pożyczki chwilówki przemyśl robert kotowski pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator bph kredyt konsolidacyjny millenium bank opinie pożyczki chwilówki nakło pożyczki prywatne bochnia pozyczki bez bikikrd kredyt bank nowa karta kredyt w banku opinie kredyt bank został sprzedany kredyt w banku getin kredyt bank hrubieszów tel kredyt bank zielonka godziny dobre pożyczki opinie pożyczki do 5000 zł bez bik pożyczki w domu gdynia kredyty chwilówki chorzów rynek pożyczki bogatynia

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad