bankowy kredyt samochodowy umowa pożyczki w euro jaki kurs ubezpieczenie kredytu w aig bank kredyt bankowy praca licencjacka mikropożyczki finanse kredyty bez bik siedlce kredyt mieszkaniowy dla singli 2014 pożyczki od 19 lat przez internet kredyt bank wrocław sikorskiego przedłużenie spłaty pożyczki ekspres kasa eurocent pożyczki opinie kredyt chwilówki zabrze pożyczki interes kredyt studencki pko ostatnia transza umowa pożyczki od wspólnika spółki cywilnej dobry kredyt samochodowy forum bank pko pozyczka na dowod kredyt mieszkaniowy deutsche bank forum kredyty bez bik śląskie umowa pożyczki na zakup samochodu kredyt bank żagiel warszawa pożyczki kalisz pożyczka 200 zł żywiec pożyczka pożyczki w uk dla polaków kredyt bankowy ryzyko kredyt w banku skok szybki kredyt bez bik na dowod ogłoszenia pożyczki prywatne pod weksel kredyt mieszkaniowy credit agricole forum kredyty chwilowki kety kredyt bankowy pekao kredyt konsolidacyjny porównanie banków kredyt dla firm bez zaświadczeń forum pożyczki bez zaświadczeń kraków kredyt bank w jastrzębiu zdroju kredyty pod zastaw auta bez bik kredyt pozabankowy przez internet kredyt w banku wbk opinie szybkie pożyczki bez bik big i krd pożyczki wągrowiec kredyt 2000 zł bez zaświadczeń jelenia gora kredyt studencki pko transza za lipiec mini pożyczki bez bik kredyt bank pleszew pozyczki na oswiadczenie ichwilowki kredyt samochodowy dla pracujących za granicą pożyczki chwilówki za 0 kredyty konsolidacyjne lublin umowa pożyczki udzielonej przez udziałowca wzór kod na kredyt z orange kredyt na dowód bez zaświadczeń forum kredyt konsolidacyjny czy gotówkowy kredyt bank warszawa centrum poręczenie pożyczki przez gminę szukam pożyczki provident pożyczki na oświadczenie ogłoszenia pożyczki od udziałowca w bilansie kredyt bank zywiec godziny otwarcia szybka pozyczka z zajeciem komorniczym 2014 pilnie szukam pożyczki kredyt pod weksel pożyczka 200 zł żywiec pożyczka access pożyczki piaseczno oprocentowanie efektywne pożyczki umowa pożyczki w ratach wzór kredyt bez sprawdzania bik pożyczki pozabankowe 30000 kredyt pozabankowy z tanimi odsetkami pożyczki na dowód kościan pożyczki bezzwrotne dla młodych rolników kredyt pozabankowy opole pożyczki z komornikiem kraków pożyczki lublin ul graniczna 21 biuro dobrej pożyczki kredyt samochodowy fortis bank opinie kredyt bank biała podlaska kontakt pożyczki pod weksel wrocław wycena pożyczki kredyt przez internet w credit agricole umowa pożyczki od siostry wzór kredyty bez biku opinie kredyt studencki pko dostarczenie legitymacji pożyczki online bez bik i krd i przelewania grosza pożyczki z funduszu mikro kredyt bank nowy sącz bankomaty kredyt bank kredyt na mieszkanie kredyt gotówkowy bez bik dla firm kara za niezgłoszenie umowy pożyczki kredyt bank profil aktywny 50 udziele prywatna pozyczka śląsk kredyt chwilówki toruń baltic money pożyczki kredyty chwilówki tarnobrzeg pożyczki dla studentów kredyt bank szczecin matejki telefon pożyczki na dowód nowy sacz w jakim banku brać kredyt mieszkaniowy kredyty bez bik zagraniczne pożyczki prometeusz olsztyn kredyty chwilówki galeria pożyczki bez bik legnica pożyczki chwilówki białystok bocian pożyczki głogów jaki kredyt bez bik zwrot nadpłaty pożyczki kredyty helios pożyczki w krakowie kredyt bank sa bankowość elektroniczna kredyt bank wejherowo godziny otwarcia kredyt bank rzeszów godziny otwarcia pożyczki bez bik wodzisław śląski zwolnienia grupowe w kredyt banku pozyczka czestochowa w 24h kredyt bank deutschland kredyt bank reklama adamczyk chwilowki bez zdolnosci kredytoeej na dowod trusty pożyczki pożyczki bez big i bik pozyczki gotowkowe holandia 2014 kredyt konsolidacyjny pozabankowy kredyt bank piła plac konstytucji kredyt dla spółki zoo bez bik kredyt bank w wadowicach pożyczki prywatne ostrowiec kredyt w banku w holandii pożyczki od ręki gdynia kredyt bank sa opinie pozyczki chwilowki gorzow wlkp kredyt bankowy po angielsku kredyt mieszkaniowy dla singla 2013 kredyt bank leszno tel preferencyjny kredyt studencki pko sa kredyt bankowy millenium kredyt w jakim banku najtaniej pożyczki dla polaków w londynie umowa pożyczki podatek zwolnienie fundusze europejskie pożyczki kredyt mieszkaniowy millenium forum kredyt bank biuro prasowe gwarant pozyczki piotrkow pko kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim pozyczka z up dla pracujacych kredyt dla wspólnoty mieszkaniowej kredyt bank w lubartowie pożyczki dla bezrobotnych na raty szybkie pożyczki bez bik asper pożyczki elbląg kredyt konsolidacyjny w innym banku kredyt on line bez biku pożyczki gotówkowe ranking alior bank kredyt dla emerytów kredyt bank akcjonariat kredyt bank maestro w którym banku kredyt gotówkowy pożyczki udzielane przez jst kredyt konsolidacyjny dla kazdego bezpieczne kredyty dla firm na oświadczenie umowa pożyczki podatek od odsetek kredyt na mieszkanie w banku pocztowym warunki pożyczki w alior banku kredyt 4 tys na dowód prowident szybkie pożyczki bez bik i big umowa pożyczki podpisana za granicą kredyt konsolidacyjny definicja udzielę pożyczki prywatnej warszawa pożyczki prywatne w gorzowie wlkp potrącenie pożyczki z zfśs z wynagrodzenia pożyczki od ręki opinie ewidencja księgowa otrzymanej pożyczki kredyt bank łuków kontakt eurolan pożyczki kredyty w deutsche banku pozyczka z obslugą klienta w domu kredyty chwilówki małopolska jaki jest kod do orange na kredyt pożyczki konsumpcyjne pożyczki bocian szczecinek kredyt bank nowy targ kontakt kredyt chwilówka dla zadłużonych udzielenie pożyczki przez udziałowca kredyty dla rolników bez biku kredyt samochodowy pozabankowy pożyczki pozabankowe ze złą historią kredytową kredyt idea bank oprocentowanie odnowienie pożyczki w koncie kredyt bank kontakt infolinia kredyt bank bielany kredyt bank poznań morawskiego godziny otwarcia pożyczki wałbrzych na umowe zlecenie kredyt pod zastaw auta bez biku kredyt bank eurobank kredyt konsolidacyjny gdzie najłatwiej dostać kredyt gotówkowy bank spółdzielczy opinie pożyczki bez bik dla zadłuzonych kredyt bank lublin narutowicza 55b optima sa pożyczki kredyt samochodowy w credit agricole kredyt bank bialystok radzyminska kredyty pożyczki gotówkowe wymagalność rat pożyczki udziele drobnej pozyczki zywiec pożyczki pod zastaw racibórz pożyczki pod zastaw zasady kredyty bez biku inowrocław kredyty bankowe dlugoterminowe bocian pożyczki słupsk nobilon pożyczki gdansk pożyczki dla zadłużonych bez bik poznań pensje w kredyt banku pożyczki chojnów kredyty chwilówki bedzin kredyt bankowy prawo bankowe kredyt bank lwowska chełm kredyt bank oplata za prowadzenie konta pożyczki radom spółka udziela pożyczki udziałowcowi pożyczki pszczółka bydgoszcz pożyczki chwilówki żywiec bank kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator kredyt konsolidacyjny dla zadluzonych umowa pożyczki a us kredyt bez biku i zaświadczeń kredyty preferencyjne banki kredyty pozabankowe bez bik kredyt bez biku ruda slaska kredyt w banku zachodnim wbk kredyty chwilówki gorzów wielkopolski pożyczki przez internet dla firmy kredyty mieszkaniowe dla małżeństw gtw pożyczki pożyczki do domu optima pożyczki na rok przez internet pożyczki pozabankowe chorzów pożyczki ratunkowe opole pożyczki dla zadłużonych bezrobotnych kredyt bank sa iii oddział w warszawie bocian pożyczki zduńska wola pożyczki podobne do vivus pożyczki bez bik dolnośląskie korzyści pożyczki gotówkowej kredyt konsolidacyjny dla działalności gospodarczej pożyczki dla osób bez dochodów pożyczki bez biku na telefon czy kredyt konsolidacyjny jest oplacalny rola kredytu w finansach banku najdroższe pożyczki optima szczecin pożyczki kontakt kredyty chwilówki pośrednictwo finansowe kredyt bank w borku wlkp kredyty chwilówki panel logowania pożyczki bez bik bytom historia pożyczki bocian pożyczki bolesławiec pożyczki bez bik żywiec w którym banku kredyt gotówkowy oddziały kredyt banku w katowicach pożyczki typu provident weryfikacja kredytow tempo finanse sprzedaż wierzytelności z tytułu pożyczki kredyt bank mokotów pożyczki dla bankowców pozyczki wonga won kredyt bank cennik konwersja pożyczki na kapitał rezerwowy kredyt bank rybnik 3 maja godziny otwarcia pozyczki w domu klienta chwilowki poznan umowa pożyczki dla rodziny pozyczki w nowym saczu umowa pożyczki z zagranicy pożyczki bez bik biała podlaska kredyt bank pożyczka na dowód kredyt bank kb mini pożyczki bez bik przedłużenie spłaty pożyczki ekspres kasa pożyczki chwilówki z komornikiem pożyczki tuchola kredyt bank opłata za pakiet pożyczki gotówkowe w domu klienta pożyczki społecznościowe appfunds kredyty chwilówki praca ulotki pożyczki wrocław bocian pożyczki jakie raty oferty pożyczki prywatne kredyt mieszkaniowy dla rodziny kredyt bez biku dla firm pożyczki chwilówki sms umowa pożyczki osoba prywatna wzór kredyt bank kod banku pożyczki na dowód bez umowy o prace kredyt konsolidacyjny w innym banku skarabeusz pożyczki przemyśl kredyt bank lublin żagiel ul zana zgłoszenie pożyczki recyklerów ogame kredyt przez internet w idea bank 10000 kredyty chwilówki ile się zarabia kredyt bank kontakt pozyczyki atiz pożyczki dla jst rozdzielność majątkowa a kredyt w banku pożyczki pieniężne kredyt bank rezygnacja z konta kredyt bank oszczędnościowe kredyty bankowe konto wynikowe pożyczki pod zastaw w poznaniu szybki kredyt w jakim banku najlepiej wziasx kredyt konsolidacyjny kiedy kredyt studencki pko bp wymagane dokumenty kredyt samochodowy jaki bank kredyty z komornikiem katowice kredyty chwilówki szkolenie kredyt bank kościuszki łódź pożyczki na procent śląskie pożyczki na dowód kalisz bank pekao sa symulacja kredytu dobranie pożyczki ing kredyt w bos banku regulamin pożyczki skok kredyty mieszkaniowe z wkładem własnym pożyczki z budżetu gminy pko bp kredyt studencki druki kredyt studencki pko niedostarczenie zaświadczenia kredyty pozabankowe lubin pożyczki na dowód żagiel kredyt z dofinansowaniem unijnym idea bank opinie wzór umowa pożyczki w rodzinie kredyt mieszkaniowy dla samotnej osoby kredyt bank pierwsze logowanie kredyt bank przelewy elektroniczne umowa pożyczki aneks wzór optima pożyczki online kredyt bank ken 57 assa pożyczki kredyt pozabankowy 15000 konto junior w kredyt banku pożyczki pozabankowe na dowód częstochowa kredyt mieszkaniowy śmierć kredytobiorcy kredyty chwilówki gliwice kredyty chwilówka jelenia góra kredyt bank wbk szczecin bocian pożyczki nysa oświadczenie pożyczki kalkulator wierzytelności kredytu pożyczki dla osób z niskimi dochodami kredyt bank bielsko godziny otwarcia kredyt bank rzeszów rejtana pożyczki w 15 minut online kredyt na start w idea bank opinie kredyt mieszkaniowy pko forum wałbrzych pożyczki bez bik pożyczki pod zastaw śląskie kredyt bank krolewska w jakim banku wziasc kredyt mieszkaniowy pożyczki w banku ślaskim aby wziasc pozyczke w noble banku co potrzeba kredyt bank matejki szczecin pożyczki kaktus w pewnym banku zaciagamy kredyt kredyt konsolidacyjny bez sprawdzania w biku kto udzieli pożyczki pozabankowej kredyt bank csv kredyt bank program praktyk wakacyjnych kredyt bankowy a faktoring kredyt konsolidacyjny citibank kredyty pozabankowe lodz umowa pożyczki mieszkaniowej z zfśs wzór pożyczki prywatne dolnośląskie pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik łódź umowa pożyczki spółka komandytowa skarabeusz pożyczki tomaszów maz kredyt bez bik szczecin pożyczki na dowód lublin pożyczki bez zdolności kredytowej legnica kredyt bank plus kredyt bankowy podsumowanie pożyczki gotówkowe dublin lokata constans kredyt bank kredyt bank warszawa praga południe pożyczki dla bezrobotnych w zgierzu kredyt bank płatność kartą za granicą kredyt samochodowy dla rencisty przelewy zagraniczne w kredyt bank kredyt bank lokata przez internet aaa pożyczki umowa pożyczki pieniędzy wzór pożyczki na dowód eurobank wypowiedzenie umowy pożyczki provident kredyt konsolidacyjny oddłużeniowy druki pożyczki kredyt bank fundacja warty kredyty na umowe na czas okreslony kredyt bank radom godziny otwarcia kredyty bez bik rzeszów pożyczki prywatne pomorskie kredyty mieszkaniowe opinie kredyt bez bik glogow nalepszy kredyt konsolidacyjny umowa pożyczki z dobrowolnym poddaniem się egzekucji kredyt bank kondratowicza tel szybkie i tanie pożyczki od ręki olsztyn pożyczki bez bik piotrków trybunalski umowa pożyczki spółce pożyczki kapitał ludzki nazwa pożyczki udzielonej przez bank pożyczki pozabankowe na już pożyczki bez bik getin bank pożyczki chwilówki krotoszyn kredyt w banku aig kredyt konsolidacyjny w lloyds kredyt bank bydgoszcz gdańska 42 godziny otwarcia pozyczki providus kredyt bank warszawa ul marszałkowska pożyczki pozabankowe na sms kredyt bank zabrze godziny otwarcia druki umowa pożyczki przedmiotem umowy pożyczki mogą być część pożyczki puszczona w obieg opodatkowanie odsetek od pożyczki osoby fizyczne pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu wrocław czy warto brać kredyt studencki forum odsetki od pożyczki jako koszt podatkowy pożyczki dla zadłużonych bez bik łódź pożyczka 5000 zl w bankuspółdzielczym pożyczki w 15 minut przez internet przetarg kredyt bankowy prywatne pozyczki opole capital partners pożyczki pożyczki bez sprawdzania zdolności kredytowej kredyty bez bik chwilówki pozyczki z komornikiem w starachowicach pożyczki wśród najbliższych pożyczki z parp pożyczki od udziałowca w bilansie kredyt bank 24 logowanie pożyczki na dowód kościan pożyczki krapkowice bankowy kredyt gotówkowy kredyt na samochód bez bik i krd konin szybkie pożyczki śląsk kredyt bank hasła jednorazowe sms kalkulator rat kredytu mieszkaniowego rodzina na swoim kredyt konsolidacyjny ing forum pozyczk tygodniowki elbląg kredyt bank włocławek godziny otwarcia próba wyłudzenia pożyczki pożyczki konin aneks do umowy kredyt studencki pko bp pożyczki prywatne pod weksel kto daje kredyty online bez bik i krd pozyczki z dostawa do domu wielkopolska kredyt mieszkaniowy belgia pożyczki gotówkowe santander pożyczki 100 zł pożyczki bez zgody współmałżonka pożyczki jedności narodowej wrocław kredyt bank busko zdrój godziny otwarcia kredyt bank ostrow wlkp pozyczki dla bezrobotnych przez internet uk kredyt bank kłodzko godz otwarcia pożyczki bez bik stargard szczeciński ewidencja pożyczki na wyprzedzające finansowanie pożyczki prywatne busko zdrój roznoszenie ulotek kredyty chwilówki w słupsku udzielę prywatnej pożyczki rzeszów pożyczki na dowód mbank pożyczki pod zastaw częstochowa kredyt bank plock godziny otwarcia pożyczki od osób prywatnych forum kredyty chwilówki facebook maksymalne oprocentowanie umów pożyczek kredyt bank chwaszczyńska umowa pożyczki w walucie obcej a pcc pożyczki chwilówki gliwice kredyt bank zdolność kredytowa pożyczki dla zadłużonych opinie kredyt bank pomoc pożyczki bankowe dla emerytów fundusz pracy pożyczki umowa pożyczki charakterystyka udzielenie nieoprocentowanej pożyczki pracownikowi bocian pożyczki bez bik spłata pożyczki nieruchomością udziele pożyczki prywatnie wrocław pożyczki gotówkowe bez pracy pożyczki kalkulator pozorna umowa pożyczki umorzenie pożyczki a vat pożyczki pozabankowe elbląg eurobank ubezpieczenie pożyczki kredyt bank grunwaldzka 345 kredyt 20 lat oddłużeniowy ze zła historia kredytowa kredyty pozabankowe pod weksel kredyt mieszkaniowy dla rozwodnika pożyczki chwilówki wonga bocian pożyczki giżycko umowa pożyczki między małżonkami pożyczka 5000 zl w bankuspółdzielczym bielsko kredyty nie bankowe oprocentowania w kredyt banku kredyt bank przasnysz pożyczki na duże kwoty

 Follow BillCasselman on Twitter

   

“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

                Funny Canadian Sayings / Quebec Sayings / Canadian Words

Previous Columns/ All Entries / Contact / SiteMap / Bio
Buy My Books Online / Schedule / Photos / Buy Ad Here

Bibliography of my works published in book form My Blog / Good Reviews /

More Features of this Website

 

Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad

 
 
Bill Casselman's Words of the World & Canadian Word of the Day:Their Etymologies & General Word Lore at www.billcasselman.com

 Follow BillCasselman on Twitter

   

“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

                Funny Canadian Sayings / Quebec Sayings / Canadian Words

Previous Columns/ All Entries / Contact / SiteMap / Bio
Buy My Books Online / Schedule / Photos / Buy Ad Here

Bibliography of my works published in book form My Blog / Good Reviews /

More Features of this Website

 

Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad