kredyt pozabankowy kielce gdzie pożyczki dla zadłużonych z komornikiem duże pożyczki kredyt pozabankowy kredyt bank toruń grudziądzka pożyczki chwilówki rybnik placówki kredyt banku białystok bip pożyczki formularz kredyty chwilówki regulamin udziele pożyczki prywatnie kraków pozyczka bez big i krs pożyczki gotówkowe poznań kredyt samochodowy w santander bank wzór umowy pożyczki doc kredyt bank bogatynia kontakt bocian pożyczki prudnik kredyt mieszkaniowy dla osób w biku kredyt bank starogard gdański tel szybki kredyt bez zaświadczeń i bez bik kredyty gotówkowe w deutsche banku pożyczki prywatne opolskie kredyt bez bik 30000 kredyt bank krosno dyrektor pożyczki prywatne pod weksel śląsk kredyt bank przelew z karty kredytowej umowa pożyczki z siostrą kredyt konsolidacyjny bez ubezpieczenia kredyty banku pocztowego pożyczki dla firm bez zus i us kredyt gotówkowy w eurobank pożyczki chwilówki dąbrowa górnicza pko bp kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator kredyt bank mielec kontakt pożyczki prywatne wrocław forum szybkie kredyty bez sprawdzania w bik kredyt mieszkaniowy bank spółdzielczy opinie pożyczki na dowód bez zaświadczeń skarabeusz kredyty chwilówki kielce żeromskiego kredyt bank warszawa ursynów kredyty w banku pocztowym forum kredyt mieszkaniowy a dochody z zagranicy kredyt na dowód w getin banku kredyt samochodowy getinbank kontakt pożyczki typu vivus parabank kredyt umowa pożyczki dla siostry kredyt gotówkowy bez zaświadczeń bez bik pożyczki barczewo gdzie po pozyczke bez bik 50000 kredyty chwilówki umowa mbank kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator rat potrącenie pożyczki z odprawy provident symulacja pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny na 10 lat badanie zdolności kredytowej w banku pko bp alior bank proba wyludzenia kredytu pożyczki bez bik dla bezrobotnych kredyt bank chf kredyt chwilówka oleśnica kredyt chwilówka starogard gdański kredyt konsolidacyjny w citibanku kredyt bank konta walutowe kredyt dla wspólnoty mieszkaniowej 2012 alior bank kredyt refinansowy pożyczki na dowód ostrowiec kredyty bez bik oddłużeniowe kredyt konsolidacyjny w bgż opinie kredyt studencki pko bp 2014 kredyt chwilowki przez internet czy umowa pożyczki jest umową wzajemną pożyczki za granicą idea bank kredyt konsolidacyjny opinie pożyczki bez bik krd idea bank kredyty online umowa pożyczki rodzinnej wzór kredyt bank opinie kredyt bankowy praca magisterska kredyt bank lipowa białystok kredyt bank olawa godziny otwarcia activa 500 pożyczki od ręki pożyczki bankowe oprocentowanie pożyczki bez bik w płocku król pożyczki kredyt bank ul długa kraków godziny otwarcia pożyczki pozabankowe żagań najtańszy kredyt konsolidacyjny 2012 umowa pożyczki cel kredyty studenckie w pko bp porównanie kredytów samochodowych dla firm kredyt bank oferta konta kredyty bez bik głogów pożyczki kredytum prywatne pożyczki bez sprawdzania carecash pożyczki kredyt bank direct w jakim banku wziąć kredyt studencki szybkie pożyczki bochnia kredyt bank włocławek lokaty pożyczki wbk pożyczki z kruka kredyt konsolidacyjny w getin banku forum daily finance pożyczki pożyczki lubartów pozyczka na dowod bez biku zary pożyczki pod zastaw łuków kredyt bank głęboka lublin banki pożyczki bez zaświadczeń gdzie wziasc pozyczke vivus w galeri krakow kalkulator pożyczki gotówkowej kredyty chwilówki przez telefon pozyczki w mielcu bocian kredyt mieszkaniowy w jakim banku najlepiej kredyt bank plac solny wrocław kontakt potrzebuję pilnej pożyczki pls kredyty chwilówki praca tychy kredyt w eurobank pożyczki od inwestorów prywatnych pożyczki w vivus opinie kredyty chwilówki net umowa pożyczki pieniężnej pod zastaw kredyty chwilówki jaworzno sienkiewicza kredyt bank moje konto pożyczki w banku pko bp kredyt samochodowy mbank symulacja kredyt bank olsztyn pieniężnego 14 kredyt pozabankowy bez krd kredyty chwilówki końskie pożyczki eden konsekwencje pożyczki takto forum kredyt pracowniczy w banku pożyczki nowa ruda mariusz lipiński pożyczki kredyty samochodowe bez bik opinie pożyczki milicz kredyt bez bik i big kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim pko obligacja 4 pożyczki konsolidacyjnej ubezpieczenie do pożyczki gotówkowej idea bank kredyt inwestycyjny oprocentowanie kredyt bank oprocentowanie kart kredytowych wpływ pożyczki na rachunek walutowy pozyczki prywatne wrocław pożyczki od osób prywatnych na procent kredyty chwilówki bez bik białystok kredyt gotówkowy bez bik kraków pożyczki na dowód tychy kredyty chwilówki we wrześni kredyt bank warszawa adres kredyt bank szczecin starzyńskiego godziny otwarcia kredyty chwilówki dział rozliczeń pożyczki bez bik legionowo kredyt samochodowy w firmie kredyt bez zus us gdańsk szybki kredyt 2014r :l pożyczki chwilówki forum pożyczki na telefon 24 pożyczki chwilówki gorzów wlkp jak działają pożyczki społecznościowe kredyt bank biuro operacji i windykacji lublin pożyczki gotówkowe w banku pocztowym kredyt pozabankowy wrocław alior bank pożyczka dokumenty kredyt bankowy statystyki kredyt konsolidacyjny pko kalkulator koszt całkowity pożyczki kredyt bank bankomaty toruń kredyt bank przemyśl ul dworskiego pożyczki komornicze szybkie pożyczki bez zaświadczeń w uk kredyt bank mikołów godziny otwarcia umowy pożyczki od udziałowca kredyt bank pocztowy kredyt bank fuzja forum kredyt bank grojecka wady pożyczki bocian pożyczki gotówkowe forum pożyczki bez bik i krd z komornikiem pożyczki bez bik do 5 tys kredyty chwilówki gdańsk opinie kredyt bez sprawdzenia w bik szybkie pożyczki pożyczki na dowód bez bik poznań pozyczka dla pracujacym w czechach kredyt bank lublin żagiel ul zana kalkulator kredytu gotówkowego bank spółdzielczy pożyczki albert kredyt bank konto junior kredyt bank ken 57 pcc od pożyczki termin niespłacanie pożyczki kredyty konsolidacyjne łódź kredyt bank wypłata z bankomatu kredyt konsolidacyjny co oznacza pko bp kredyt mieszkaniowy opinie kredyt bank średni kurs walut pożyczki do 80 lat kredyt bank warszawa puławska pożyczki bez bik ratalne kredyt chwilówka windykacja czy citi bank daje kredyt pracujacym w czechach kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator rat pożyczki z anglii idea bank kredyt online opinie kredyty chwilówki siedlce pożyczki a pcc kredyty konsolidacyjne na oświadczenie umowa pożyczki zgłoszenie do us pożyczki chwilówki aleksandrów kujawski kredyt refinansowy banku centralnego podatek od pożyczki z funduszu socjalnego bank w rzeszowie ktury udziela pozyczek bez biku odsetki od pożyczki w grupie kapitałowej kredyt studencki pekao sa dokumenty udzielenie pożyczki innej firmie pożyczki chwilówki sokołów podlaski kredyt dla nowej firmy bez bik pożyczki pozabankowe dla osób z zajęciem komorniczym kredyt bank konto oszczędnościowe 2013 cel umowy pożyczki kredyt obrotowy w banku spółdzielczym przelewy walutowe w kredyt banku kredyt samochodowy bez bik szczecin kredyt bank zytnia kredyty pozabankowe bez bik krd tanie kredyty bez bik kędzierzyn koźle pożyczki pod zastaw mieszkania poznań kredyt studencki pekao sa dokumenty kredyt samochodowy bez bik big krd kredyt konsolidacyjny porównanie banków pożyczki podobne do bociana kredyt mieszkaniowy a firma na ryczalcie kredyt ok chwilówka kredyt na samochód w getin banku umowa pożyczki forum pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości kraków pożyczki pod zastaw weksla kredyt bank bankomaty wbk www banki daja pozyczke na dowód udziele szybkiej pozyczki prywatnej zywiec pożyczki bez bik w 15 min bocian pożyczki wzór umowy pozyczki bez krs i bik na oswiadczenie kredyt mieszkaniowy getin bank opinie pożyczki bez bik raty pożyczki bez bik ratalne pożyczki w skoku stefczyka opinie kredyty chwilówki inwestycje opinie alior bank kredyty konsolidacyjne kalkulator pożyczki na dowód pko kredyt bank lublin narutowicza tel kredyt samochodowy dla ludzi w bik księgowanie umorzenia pożyczki z zfśs kredyt bez bik 100 000 jak obliczyć odsetki od umowy pożyczki wniosek o udzielenie kredytu studenckiego pekao sa szybkie pożyczki bocian mąż bierze pożyczki bez mojej wiedzy kredyt eurobank na dowód kredyt konsolidacyjny kiedy kredyt inwestycyjny prawo bankowe chwilówki bez zdolności kredytowej pismo o umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs przedłużenie kredytu studenckiego pko bp kredyt bank warszawa ursynów godziny otwarcia pożyczka bez bik i krd mława bocian pożyczki mielec pożyczki a kasa fiskalna optima pożyczki płock pożyczki dla młodych małżeństw prowizja od umowy pożyczki a vat warunki spłaty kredytu studenckiego pko bp bank pko sa kredyty dla firm kredyty chwilówki elbląg kredyt bez bik kredyt na start idea bank opinie kredyt bank cennik przelewów prywatna pożyczka komornik warszawa kredyt bank pożyczki pozabankowe długoterminowe poznań pożyczki na procent od osób prywatnych katowice umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs po śmierci pracownika kredyty pozyczki bez bik big krd pożyczki provident przez internet kredyt bez bik do 150 tys umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs zmarłego pracownika kredyt konsolidacyjny łódź bank bph kredyty konsolidacyjne kredyty gotówkowe bez zaświadczenia o dochodach kredyt mieszkaniowy w millenium forum pożyczki lichwiarskie łódź kredyt konsolidacyjny pko forum pożyczki na dowód bez zdolności kredytowej pożyczki z kruka kredyt bank address sprzedaż kredyt banku 2012 po zabankowe pożyczki nowa ruda kredyt bank bic swift kredyt bank złotów kredyt bank tomaszów lubelski kontakt jak obliczyć odsetki od pożyczki w skali roku kredyt bankowy po śmierci kredyty chwilowki gdansk pożyczki gotówkowe od ręki zamknięcie rachunku w kredyt banku pożyczki pozabankowe świnoujście kredyt bankowy definicja pdf konsolidacja kredytu gdzie optima pożyczki gdańsk znaczenie kredytu bankowego kredyty chwilówki dzierżoniów kredyt bank warszawa praga południe kredyty chwilówki ulotkarze pożyczki bez zdolności kredytowej pożyczki pod nieruchomość banki które udzielają kredytów bez biku pozyczka z obsluga w domu warszaw pozyczki atiz w miescie krotoszyn kontakt kredyt bank olsztyn kredyt mieszkaniowy dla pary bez ślubu pożyczki oddłużeniowe wrocław pożyczki na dowód opinie kredyt dla firm bez bik kielce pozyczki pozabankowe okolice boleslawiec ei global pożyczki szybkie pożyczki 24h baltic money pożyczki pożyczki ostrów wlkp dla zadłużonych kontakt tel kredyt bank żeromskiego 77 kredyt bez bik czestochowa optima pożyczki ełk kredyt pozabankowy pod weksel oprocentowanie pożyczki w pko sa kredyt w banku spóldzielczym kredyt bank forum money kredyt pozabankowy na start pożyczki prywatne wrocław forum pomarańcza owocne pożyczki kredyt banki mikołów pozyczki bez zdolnosci kredytowej poliso lokata w kredyt banku umorzenie pożyczki w spółce komandytowej wzór umowy pożyczki w rodzinie gdzie wziąć kredyt bez bik meritum bank kredyt online pożyczki posłów kredyt mieszkaniowy 350 tys kredyt bank kościan telefon kredyt pozabankowy umowa pożyczki prowizja wycena odsetek od pożyczki na dzień bilansowy mariusz kowalski kredyty bydgoszcz kredyty bez biku gorzow wlkp wzór umowy pożyczki między przedsiębiorcami pożyczki bez bik na raty kredyt konsolidacyjny wrocław tanie pożyczki bez bik pozyczki na doeod bez biku na dowod telefon zary kredyty w banku spółdzielczym forum banki kredyty pozyczki sprawdzone pożyczki dla zadłużonych kredyt w banku hsbc umowa o kredyt prosty wzór kredyt samochodowy w toyota bank szybkie pożyczki przez internet bez zaświadczeń wzór umowa pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu szybki kredyt bez sprawdzania bik pożyczki bez bik us i zus kredyt bankowy praca dyplomowa kredyt mieszkaniowy 2013 pko kredyt w banku millennium kredyt rodzina na swoim a umowa na czas określony kredyt bank 7 pożyczki na dowód inowrocław pożyczki pelikan pożyczki bez dochodów od 18 lat kredyt bank powstańców śląskich warszawa ostrow wlkp bocian kredyt oniliaj pożyczki chwilówki od ręki udzielenie pożyczki przez spółkę wspólnikowi kredyt mieszkaniowy ponad 100 pożyczki bez bik i zaswiadczen pożyczki od prywatnych firm ubezpieczenie do pożyczki gotówkowej kredyty chwilówki dla kogo pożyczki bez bik ostrów wielkopolski kredyt bank pocztowy kredyt bank gliwice telefon w ktorym banku najlepiej wziąć kredyt gotowkowy kredyty chwilowki krakow kalwaryjska gdzie w zgorzelcu prywatna pozyczka kredyt bez bik legnica pożyczki bez bik dla prowadzących działalność pożyczki cash kredyt bank iii oddział warszawa odsetki od pozyczki z zfss kredyt bank kraków ul kalwaryjska 24 umowa pożyczki spółce przez wspólnika te pożyczki opinie umowa pożyczki między pracownikiem a pracodawcą kredyt bank warszawa umorzenie spłaty pożyczki z zfśs białystok pożyczki bez bik umowa pożyczki pieniężnej doc kredyt bank lublin godziny otwarcia kredyt bank praca opinie kredyt bank wolontariat kredyt chwilówka warszawa grochowska wzór umowy udzielenia pożyczki gdzie najlatwiej po pozyczke pod zastaw domu pożyczki chorzów szukam pożyczki bez zaświadczeń pożyczki gotówkowe na dowód bez bik kredyt bez bik sochaczew kredyt samochodowy bank spółdzielczy kredyt bank cash4you kredyt samochodowy bez bik i zaświadczeń pożyczka bez bik i krd konin tel pożyczki dla pracujących za granicą kredyty bez bik gniezno pożyczki prywatne jarosław karty płatnicze w kredyt banku gdzie kredyt pozabankowy bez bik pożyczki chwilówki pomorskie bocian pozyczki warunki udzielenia umowa pożyczki forma pisemna kredyt obrotowy w getin banku kredyt konsolidacyjny idea bank szybkie pożyczki w 15 minut przez internet pożyczki pozabankowe kluczbork kredyt bank w bielsku podlaskim pożyczki anglia umowa pożyczki warunki warta pozyczki umowa pożyczki postępowanie nakazowe kredyt bank mielżyńskiego poznań podatek od pożyczki formularz kredyt bank białystok radzymińska godziny otwarcia kredyt bank cena akcji kredyty chwilowki umowa zlecenie pożyczki lombard poznań bocian pożyczki głogów czy ubezpieczenie pożyczki jest obowiązkowe kredyt w provident utrata pracy kredyty eurobank pl kredyt bank infolinia czynna pożyczki na weksel gdańsk pożyczki partycypacyjne umowa pożyczki maksymalne odsetki podatek od pożyczki w rodzinie 2013 bocian pożyczki dla kogo pożyczki i darowizny w rodzinie kredyt studencki pko odroczenie spłaty pozyczki bez zdolnosci kredytowej zgoda na umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs pożyczki na pit 37 kredyt na mieszkanie bank spółdzielczy chwilowka do ilu moge dostac kredyt wloclawek tragedia w kredyt banku pożyczki chwilówki porównanie pożyczki unilink cash kredyt bank warszawa grochowska skarabeusz pożyczki krotoszyn alior bank kredyt kalkulator kredyt bank biała podlaska brzeska 21 kredyt bank sa oddział bydgoszcz kredyt konsolidacyjny credit agricole kalkulator pożyczki na dowód sochaczew essentialia negotii pożyczki pożyczki w ramach grupy kapitałowej pożyczki od udziałowców w bilansie pożyczki bez biku dla zadłużonych kredyt bez bik dla zadłużonych forum kredyt bank kościuszki łódź kredyt bank krs umowa pożyczki us szybkie pożyczki bocian kredyt bank lublin zana 39 bocian pożyczki bik umowa pożyczki osoba prywatna kredyt bez bik na 10 lat szybki kredyt gotówkowy bez bik kredyt konsolidacyjny kb kredyty bez bik glogow kredyt konsolidacyjny w pko rejestracja kredytu w urzędzie skarbowym kontrakt pożyczki kredyty samochodowe bank zachodni alior bank kredyt samochodowy opinie kredyt samochodowy w firmie kredyt konsolidacyjny kto może dostać bocian pożyczki bez bik poręczenie pożyczki wzór szybki kredyt gotówkowy bez bik zaświadczeń kredyt bank sa białystok ul warszawska w jakim banku najlepiej brac kredyt mieszkaniowy umowy pożyczki wzór kredyt bank lubicz pozyczki żary na dowod duże pożyczki pozabankowe ewidencja pożyczki

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

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funny sayings

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad