gdzie mogę dostać kredyt bez bik pożyczki prywatne pod weksel kraków umowa pożyczki profi credit kredyt bank wołomin kredyt bank rypin zajęcie komornicze pożyczki z zfśs nazwa pozyczki udzielonej przez bank król pożyczki kredyt gotówkowy bez bik iz komornikiem czy łatwo o kredyt w banku pocztowym alior bank kredyt samochodowy kalkulator kredyt bank żagiel warszawa pożyczki w ramach grupy kapitałowej kredyt bank legnica bankomaty szybki kredyt pozabankowy el global pożyczki pożyczki pozabankowe dla zadłużonych warszawa umowa pożyczki między znajomymi kredyt bank wesoła godziny otwarcia kredyty mieszkaniowe 2014 rok kredyty chwilówki doradca klienta dobra pożyczki kredyt bank giełda notowania pozyczki w uk po polsku zopa pożyczki prow pozyczka bez bik kraków nh kredyt bank lębork godziny otwarcia pożyczka pomiędzy osobami fizycznymi look finanse pożyczki jak wziąść pożyczke kredyt w banku pocztowym opinie kredyt bank połączony pożyczki bezzwrotne z unii umorzenie pożyczki od udziałowca księgowanie potwierdzenie odbioru pożyczki kredyt bank prabuty kontakt kredyt bank kondratowicza tel kredyty bez bik na oświadczenie kredyt bank vii oddział w warszawie kredyt konsolidacyjny w którym banku umowa pożyczki lombardowej pożyczki bez bik strzelce opolskie kredyt bank licytacje kredyty bez bik w gdyni kredyt bank lokata 10 definicja pożyczki bankowej kredyt bank w kwidzynie kredyt konsolidacyjny w providencie kredyty bez bik na oświadczenie pożyczki ślimak poznań pożyczki bez bik i zaświadczeń o dochodach kredyty gotówkowe alior bank kalkulator druk zgłoszenia pożyczki do us skarabeusz pożyczki praca oprocentowanie kredytu gotowkowego w santander bank obligacja 6 pożyczki narodowej kredyt bank toruń grudziądzka pożyczki na działalność z urzędu pracy pożyczki z obsługą w domu finan pożyczki do domu kredyty bez biku wadowice kredyt mieszkaniowy komornik kredyt konsolidacyjny dla zadluzonych pożyczki bez bik 20 000 pożyczki gotówkowe skarabeusz kredyt bank kielce bankomaty kredyt bankowy pojęcie kredyt w banku w niemczech prywatne pożyczki pod weksel kredyt studencki pko bp umorzenie kredyt bank gdańsk wrzeszcz kredyt konsolidacyjny bank bgż opinie wyłudzenie pożyczki provident kredyt konsolidacyjny co to znaczy konsolidacja kredytów z opóźnieniami kredyt bank żniwna podatek od pożyczki pracowniczej kredyt bank w swinoujsciu pozyczka czestochowa w 24h kredyt bank profil aktywny 50 umowa pożyczki dla spółki wzór zarobki w kredyt banku 2011 abis pozyczka głogów pożyczki bez bik wodzisław śląski kredyty mieszkaniowe symulator kredyt bank program rabatowy skarabeusz pożyczki ostrów wlkp kredyt bank myszków kredyt bank tarnów telefon nowe pożyczki chwilówki 2014 pożyczki na dowód debica kredyt chwilówka lodz wzór umowy pożyczki od znajomych kredyt bez bik strzelin pożyczki niebankowe szczecin podatek od pożyczki od osób fizycznych kredyty chwilówki tvn bocian pożyczki i podobne auti na kredyt bez bik pomorskie pożyczki chwilówki zgierz pożyczki tylko na dowód kredyt bank grudziądz godziny otwarcia pożyczki bez bik i bez zaświadczeń kredyt chwilówka na dowód warszawa kredyt bank w gryfinie kredyt w ing bank śląski forum kredyt bez bik inowrocław pożyczki 1500 skarabeusz pożyczki oddziały pozyczki poznan gros capital,tempo kredyt konsolidacyjny co to znaczy eurolan pozyczki pożyczki w instytucjach pozabankowych kredyt w banku hsbc kredyt pozabankowy lodz kredyt bank obecnie pożyczki novum kruk opinie oferty pożyczki pozabankowej depozyty w kredyt banku pożyczki bez bik krd katowice jednorazowe udzielenie pożyczki a vat kredyt bank biłgoraj godziny otwarcia kalkulator kredytu konsolidacyjnego bank bph kredyty bez bik i krd rybnik kredyt do orange kod kredyty chwilówki kierowca pożyczki chwilówki starachowice pożyczki gotówkowe jelenia góra kredyt studencki oferty banków kredyt bank płock kolegialna telefon kredyt konsolidacyjny na 15 lat umowa pożyczki weksel umowa pożyczki w spółce cywilnej pożyczki bez bik w krakowie kredyt bez bik pozabankowy kredyt ok siedlce godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki a skutki podatkowe kredyty mieszkaniowe bank pocztowy pożyczki prywatne gliwice kredyt bank częstochowa godziny otwarcia kredyt mieszkaniowy na 30 lat szybkie pożyczki lubin mikropożyczki olsztyn finan pożyczki konsolidacja kredytu w bz wbk getin bank kredyt na pit kalkulator kredyty pożyczki bez bik i krd kredyt bank lódź getin noble bank przewalutowanie kredytu kredyt mieszkaniowy dla singli kalkulator ubezpieczenie pożyczki w pekao sa średnia wartość pożyczki gotówkowej kredyt odnawialny eurobank kredyt konsolidacyjny 70000 kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim forum kredyt bank pko kalkulator kredyt bez bik raty miesięczne pożyczki na dowód opinie kredyt bank jastrowie godziny otwarcia kredyt bank walcz pożyczki społecznościowe appfunds umowa pożyczki orzecznictwo kredyt bank białystok zwycięstwa godziny otwarcia pożyczki gotówkowe bez dochodów umowa pożyczki kwoty pieniężnej kredyt bank w gdansku kredyty chwilówki praca warszawa kredyt bankowy na samochód kredyt bez bik lodz księgowanie pożyczki w stowarzyszeniu kredyt konsolidacyjny bez wychodzenia z domu pożyczki puławy potrzebuję pilnej komentarz kredytu klient maj 2014 pożyczki oddłużeniowe na dowud kredyt bank wymiana karty pożyczki krecik kredyt bank krosno praca mikropożyczki 2013 forum pożyczki vivus pożyczki bez bik ślimak umowa pożyczki zgłoszenie do us bank pko sa kredyt samochodowy pożyczki włodawa kredyt bank wiek kredytobiorcy alior bank kredyt technologiczny kredyt mieszkaniowy w pko bp forum pożyczki bez meldunku chwilówka stargard kredyty chwilowki lomza pożyczki bez bik kępno kredyt bank lokaty oprocentowanie 2013 kredyty chwilówki bocian umowa pożyczki pieniędzy a pcc kredyt bez dochodów kredyt bank gorczewska 200 meritum pozyczka na wyciag z konta bank kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator pożyczki prywatne nowy targ pomoc w uzyskaniu kredytu warszawa pożyczki w euroexpert kredyt bank lublin oferty pracy pożyczki bocian świdnica kredyt bankowy a konsumencki kredyt bank 10 db kredyt deutsche bank pbc sa pożyczki z funduszu socjalnego kredyt w banku pod zastaw mieszkania pożyczki bez bik kutno kredyty bankowe ksiegowanie pożyczki prywatne jarocin optima szybkie pożyczki pożyczki na pesel pożyczki dla odrzuconych przez bank kronos pozyczki przyznawalnosc pożyczki konsorcjalne konto kredyty bankowe rachunkowość kredyt studencki pekao sa dokumenty kredyt bank morcinka kredyt bank konsolidacja kredyty bez bik jelenia góra kredyty bez bik w lodzi pozyczki skarabeusz regulamin rachunku w kredyt banku kredyt w banku getin kredyt online idea bank kredyt w banku zagiel pożyczki bez bik śrem kredyt bez bik dla nowych firm szybki kredyt gotówkowy bez bik przez internet pożyczki pod zastaw samochodów lublin pozyczki w nowym saczu w jakim banku najszybciej kredyt kredyty mieszkaniowe z dopłatą rządową pcc od umowy pożyczki z udziałowcem oprocentowanie kredytu studenckiego w pko bp kredyt bank police rozwiązanie umowy pożyczki kredyt bankowy jako produkt banku komercyjnego pożyczki na działalnosc pożyczki w domu klienta bez bik pozyczka bez bik pod zabezpieczenie boleslawiec kredyt bez bik ostrowiec kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator zdolności bank pko sa oprocentowanie kredytów kredyt bank bielawa pożyczki amber gold opinie kredyt bez bik kolobrzeg jan nowak pożyczki pożyczka bez bik abis kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zaświadczeń pożyczki chwilówki nowogard umowa pożyczki pomiędzy podmiotami gospodarczymi pożyczki na dowód opole pożyczki społecznościowe bez bik i krd kredyt bank koszalin zwycięstwa szybkie pożyczki pleszew przedłużenie kredytu studenckiego pko bp umowa pożyczki przedawnienie roszczeń kredyt na oswiadczenie cesja umowy pożyczki wzór czy od pożyczki płacimy podatek kredyt bez bik lodz ewidencja kredytów w banku komercyjnym kredyt bank zaswiadczenie pozyczki kronos kredyt w raiffeisen bank opinie kredyt pozabankowy konsolidacyjny kredyt bankowy to aktywa czy pasywa kredyt bez bik który bank kredyt samochodowy toyota bank kredyty chwilówki słupsk deotymy kredyt bank wirtualny doradca kredyt na mieszkanie w banku pko bp pożyczki ze złym bikiem pożyczki dla podmiotów ekonomii społecznej kredyt bank godziny otwarcia rzeszów udzielenie pożyczki innej firmie księgowanie kredyt samochodowy ing kalkulator pożyczki społecznościowe opodatkowanie kredyt bez bik zielona gora pożyczki na dowód w bydgoszczy kredyt bankowy dla przedsiębiorców umowa pożyczki bocian kredyt bank ostrów wlkp godziny otwarcia pożyczki kredyty bez bik eurobank kredyt na mieszkanie pożyczki chwilówki długoterminowe alior bank i kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyt bank rewal pożyczki chwilówki ranking kredyt bankowy w księgach rachunkowych kalkulator mega pożyczki ing kredyty chwilówki poznań opinie pożyczki niezabezpieczone tanie kredyty gotówkowe bez bik kredyt mieszkaniowy oprocentowanie 2013 kredyt mieszkaniowy wkład własny 50 kredyt bank ul targowa godziny otwarcia domowa pożyczka bocian czy alior bank udziela pozyczek z zajeciem komorniczym oprocentowanie pożyczki mieszkaniowej z zfśs kredyty chwilówki dla zadłużonych kredyty dla nowo powstalych firm bez bik kredyt bankowy forum Łodz pozyczka w domu klienta kredyt na start w idea bank forum kredyt studencki pko transze szybka pożyczka 20tysięcy obsługa w domu pożyczki pkd santander consumer bank kredyt samochodowy kontakt szybkie pożyczki bez bik warszawa kredyt bank kraków nowa huta kredyt bank białystok ul mickiewicza pożyczki od osób prywatnych 2013 pożyczki preferencyjne małopolska pożyczki na rozpoczęcie działalności gospodarczej kredyt konsolidacyjny santander kredyty pozabankowe zawiercie kredyt bank wałbrzych kusocińskiego godziny otwarcia kredyt w allianz bank bocian pożyczki mail kredyt bez bankowego rejestru pożyczki na dowód bez zaswiadczen o zarobkach kariera w kredyt banku pożyczki chwilówki zgorzelec kredyt mieszkaniowy luty 2013 pożyczki od osób prywatnych na procent zgierz pozyczki od osob rywatnych w zorach kredyt bank aleje marcinkowskiego poznań księgowanie pożyczki dla pracownika najszybszy kredyt konsolidacyjny pożyczki od osób prywatnych łódź nobel za mikropożyczki kredyt oddłużeniowy w banku pożyczki gotówkowe definicja kredyty chwilówki grunwaldzka kredyt bank sa 24 jak zaksięgować kredyt na rachunku bankowym kredyt bank wbk szczecin kredyt bank sa windykacja kredyt bank iphone szybkie pożyczki gotówkowe przez internet pożyczki na raty tygodniowe kredyt bank bankomaty łódź szybki kredyt w banku pocztowym kredyt bank myślibórz bank pko bp kredyty gotówkowe www optima pl do ilu daja kredyt kredyty chwilówki bez bik warszawa umowa pożyczki kto zgłasza do urzędu skarbowego pożyczki dla uczących się kredyt studencki warunki 2012 dyskonto pożyczki wnioski o kredyt studencki pko bp pozyczki bez krd i bik tczew kredyt pod zastaw samochodu bez bik lokata rentierska kredyt bank opinie pożyczki na dowód credit agricole kredyt studencki pko kiedy kredyty konsumpcyjne w działalności banku kredyt bank wrocław telefon pożyczka przez internet bez bik i krd kredyt na dowód bez bik kielce kredyty chwilówki płock otrzymanie pożyczki pcc pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości rzeszów pko bp kredyt mieszkaniowy dokumenty kredyt mieszkaniowy jakie warunki pożyczki na umowę zlecenie umowa pożyczki dla spółki od wspólnika wzór umorzenie pożyczki mieszkaniowej z funduszu socjalnego pożyczki społecznościowe ranking pożyczki z nfoś pożyczki chwilówki bez dochodów kredyt bank powiadomienia sms parabanki pozyczki prywatne wrocław kredyty prywatne pod weksel kredyty bez biku pozabankowe umowa pożyczki z bankiem pożyczki krajowe kredyt bank ii oddział w warszawie parabanki udzielające pozyczek bez sprawdzania biku pożyczki real kredyt bank gorzów obotrycka kredyt bank na 120 miesiecy kredyt konsolidacyjny umowa pożyczki pdf alior bank kredyt przez telefon kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim warunki przyznania ksiegowanie przelewow w kredyt banku kredyt bank regulamin pożyczka w domu bez bik potrzebuję pożyczki blog 2014 wyłudzenie pożyczki provident pożyczki pozabankowe środa wlkp lokata strukturyzowana kredyt bank opinie pożyczki w 15 minut przez internet pozyczki atiz w miescie krotoszyn kontakt pożyczki pod zastaw inowrocław kredyt bank platforma walutowa pożyczki bez bik środa wlkp kredyt bank bez prowizji bankomaty forma pożyczki pożyczki gotówkowe artykuł pozyczki tczew kredyt bez biku bielsko biala pożyczki chwilówki inowrocław ul dworcowa kredyt na start w idea banku opinie w jakim banku wziac kredyt mieszkaniowy udzielenie pożyczki przez spółkę komandytową kwota nominalna pożyczki kredyty bez bik września formy pożyczki kredyt bank tychy kontakt pożyczki prywatne szczecin banki dające wszystkim kredyt samochodowy poszukuję pożyczki pod zastaw kredyty mieszkaniowe rodzina na swoim ranking kredyty chwilówki międzyrzec podlaski umowa pożyczki udziałowca wzór dotacje unijne pożyczki kredyt z idea bank opinie kredyt mieszkaniowy karta podatkowa kredyt w banku bez umowy o prace umowa pożyczki bez terminu spłaty podwyższenie pożyczki millenium pozyczka bocian radom wysokie pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt samochodowy ranking marzec 2014 pożyczki z nfoś pożyczki społecznościowe zakra kredyty mieszkaniowe pozabankowe kredyt bank reklamy udziele pożyczki prywatnie poznań kredyt dla firm bez zaświadczeń bez bik pożyczki do domu szczecin kredyt bankowy dla firm dobra pożyczka mazowieckie pożyczki gotówkowe lokata kredyt banku 6 5 kredyt bank zana nie oddanie pożyczki bilans pożyczki udzielone kredyt bank wroclaw gliniana pożyczki pozabankowe w elblągu pożyczki 24 wzór umowy pożyczki pieniędzy pdf kredyt bank warsaw ptp pożyczki kredyt bank katowice kredyt w banku bez pracy kredyt bank warszawa marki pożyczki bez bik raty kredyt bank wcześniejsza spłata kredytu gotówkowego pożyczki bez bik nakło nad notecią kredyt bank ostrowiec świętokrzyski kredyt konsolidacyjny porównanie kalkulator pożyczki bez bik w czestochowie pożyczki bez bik bez meldunku w dowodzie gdzie kredyt bez bik prometeusz pożyczki kielce kredyt studencki w banku credit agricole kredyt bank lokata rentierska banki kredyt dla firm kredyt bank białobrzegi kontakt pożyczki chwilówki oława kredyt bank gwarancja pożyczki bez biku poznań pożyczki społeczne w polsce kredyt konsolidacyjny credit agricole kalkulator kredyt bank chełmska godziny otwarcia kredyt bank ząbkowice śląskie kredyt bank placowki kredyt mieszkaniowy pko kalkulator kredyt bank łódź piłsudskiego godziny otwarcia kredyt samochodowy getin bank warunki regulamin pożyczki pracowniczej kredyt konsolidacyjny fortis bank kredyt technologiczny banki współpracujące kredyt tarnobrzeg kredyty pożyczki bez bik forum pożyczki biznesowe kredyty chwilowki walbrzych kredyt bank żagiel lublin narutowicza pożyczki na dowód przez internet pożyczki oddłużeniowe pozyczki chwilowki prywatne mielec pożyczki prywatne grudziądz kredyt samochodowy bank millennium pożyczki na konto pożyczki bez krd olsztyn pożyczki na dowód długoterminowe kredyty konsolidacyjne gdzie kredyty chwilowki wodzislaw slaski pożyczki gotówkowe wrocław pożyczki gotówkowe prywatne umowa pożyczki pieniędzy od brata chwilówki lublin pożyczki lublin chwilówki lubelskie my banq pożyczki kredyt bank przedłużona gwarancja look finanse pożyczki jak wziąść pożyczke kredyt bank patriotów godziny otwarcia kredyt mieszkaniowy mbank kalkulator księgowanie pożyczki z wfośigw

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

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funny sayings

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad