pożyczki na dowód bełchatów łatwe kredyty poznan pożyczki na dowód pleszew kredyt bank wrocław bielany wrocławskie kredyt na mieszkanie bank pko umowa pożyczki wzór chomikuj kredyt konsolidacyjny skok wesola pomoc w uzyskaniu pożyczki w uk kredyt bank międzyzdroje tel kredyty chwilówki kredyt konsolidacyjny symulacja rat pożyczki umowa cywilno prawna pcc od umowy pożyczki pomiędzy firmami kredyty chwilówki o firmie kredyty mieszkaniowe nowe przepisy kredyt konsolidacyjny dla zadluzonych kredyty dla firm bez bik zus us pożyczki działalność gospodarcza pożyczki akcess kredyt bank bonifacego pożyczki sezam całą polska wałbrzych pożyczki bez bik umowa pożyczki jak księgować ogłoszenia pożyczki chwilówki kredyty pozabankowe bez bik krd pożyczki bez zdolności kredytowej forum kredyt mieszkaniowy w noble bank kredyt bankowy warunki skarabeusz pożyczki bytom kredyt konsolidacyjny opinie 2013 kredyt mieszkaniowy od państwa kredyt bank konferencja kredyt bank bogatynia kontakt pożyczka dla młodych firm bez bik zgorzelec pożyczki oddłużeniowe bez zabezpieczeń pożyczki między firmami pcc gdańsk pożyczki chwilówki szybkie pożyczki przez internet forum jak księgować pożyczki pożyczki pod zastaw gliwice pożyczki chwilówki 0 pożyczki pozabankowe dla zadłużonych przez internet oprocentowanie kredytu w banku pko bp pożyczka z komornikiem w mysłowicach kredyt bank lokata z premią 6 5 bocian pożyczki kielce kredyt bank pozew zbiorowy kredyt bank łuków godziny otwarcia pożyczki w skok stefczyka kredyt orange na numer kredyt w paribas bank opinie pożyczki dla zadłużonych szczecin pożyczki bez bik toruń kredyt bank marketing kontakt kredyt bank viii oddział warszawa ostrobramska kredyt bank rzeszów rejtana kredyt studencki pko bp 2013 kredyt bank krosno godz otwarcia pozyczka bank pko dla emeryta czy moze wziac pożyczki prywatne cieszyn kredyt w lloyds bank kredyty bankowe to konto pożyczki dla fundacji umowa pożyczki stowarzyszenie kredyty chwilowki pl bez bik kredyty pozabankowe gdańsk pożyczki gotówkowe wiki kredyt konsolidacyjny nordea umowa pożyczki zwrot w ratach kredyt konsolidacyjny z opóźnieniem pożyczki pozabankowe cała polska czy pozyczki activia sa bez biku pożyczki chorzów feniks słupsk kredyty kredyt bank infolinia z zagranicy kredyt bank krauthofera 16 kredyt chwilówka jak to działa kredyt w deutsche bank opinie udzielenie pożyczki a faktura vat kredyt bankowy wstęp pożyczki bez bik na dowód kredyt konsolidacyjny gotówkowy bank millenium kredyty mieszkaniowe pożyczki z komornikiem warszawa kredyt studencki pko kalkulator umowa pożyczki opłata skarbowa kredyt bank tychy pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości z komornikiem kredyt bez bik 40000 kredyt konsolidacyjny bank pekao sa kredyt bank wrocław gliniana godziny otwarcia kredyt mieszkaniowy dla rencistów kredyty bez bik i krd lodz kredyty pozabankowe definicja pozyczka na umowe zlecenie bez bik tychy kredyt mieszkaniowy belgia pożyczki pozabankowe 2000 pożyczki i poręczenia wysokość pożyczki bez podatku pożyczki dla firm na start promocja pożyczki gotówkowej kredyty mieszkaniowe nowe zasady 2013 umowa pożyczki dowód ze świadków kredyt bez bik zywiec księgowanie umorzenia pożyczki z wfośigw pożyczki przez internet na dowód bez bik wyłudzenie pożyczki prywatnej kredyt bank w łodzi kredyt bank kasprzaka godziny otwarcia pożyczki dla wszystkich kredyt studencki zasady przyznawania pożyczki chwilówki bez bik poznan pożyczki bez bik zamość spłata kredytu studenckiego pko kredyt bank lokata forum pożyczki dla zadłużonych bytom umowa pożyczki u notariusza regulamin pożyczki vivus kredyt bank spółdzielczy forum kredyt bank koszalin godziny otwarcia kredyty pożyczki darmowe ogłoszenia kredyt konsolidacyjny oferta banków pozyczki bocian dla osob w bik pożyczki pozabankowe myszków kredyty chwilowki opole pożyczki ze złą historią pożyczki drawsko pomorskie kredyt chwilówka wrocław jedności narodowej symulacja pożyczki gotówkowej pozyczki do 15000 anglia dobry kredyt bez biku kredyt w banku śląskim opinie kredyt getin bank 30000 kredyty chwilówki toruń jamontta pożyczki prywatne wieluń pożyczki od ręki na dowód pożyczki od rodziny 2013 pożyczki bez biku częstochowa pożyczki lubartowska lublin dwie pożyczki w provident kredyt bank wypowiedzenie ubezpieczenia pożyczki od 18 lat przez internet pożyczki w chf dukat pożyczki czestochowa pożyczki pozabankowe łódź kościuszki kredyt bank warszawa dział windykacji kredyt bank konta walutowe capital club pożyczki kredyt w idea banku opinie umowa pożyczki potwierdzona notarialnie kredyty bez bik katowice pożyczki pozabankowe dla zadłużonych bydgoszcz kredyt konsolidacyjny gmina kredyt bank godziny otwarcia radom kredyty chwilówki ulotkarze kredyt bank warszawa srodmiescie umowa pożyczki z cudzoziemcem czy łatwo o kredyt w getin banku udzielenie pożyczki a vat kredyt bank oświadczenie inwestora pozyczki na pit kamienna gora kredyty chwilówki doradca klienta opinie kredyty chwilówki tychy tel prywatne pożyczki gorzów wlkp pożyczki online bez bik i krd i przelewania grosza pożyczki bez podatku podatek pożyczki prywatne malbork udzielę prywatnej pożyczki katowice kredyt konsolidacyjny w banku spółdzielczym interpretacje podatkowe pożyczki kredyt bank legnica rynek godziny otwarcia pożyczki kalisz bez bik optima pożyczki reklama pożyczki pozabankowe w uk jak działają pożyczki społecznościowe pożyczki z małym dochodem kredyty w banku spółdzielczym forum umowa pożyczki u notariusza pożyczki chwilówki tomaszów maz kredyt samochodowy w ktorym banku kredyt mieszkaniowy bez małżeństwa prywatne firmy pozyczkowe gliwice czy duza jest przyznawalnosc pozyczki optima pożyczki pozabankowe w poznaniu kredyt mieszkaniowy dla osób w bik kredyt bank warszawa chmielna kredyt w citibanku kredyty w getin banku opinie kredyty chwilówki knf pożyczki pod zastaw kalisz pożyczki prywatne duże kwoty kredyt samochodowy banki pożyczki chwilówki będzin pozyczki w bez bik pismo o umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs kredyty chwilówki ząbkowice śląskie pożyczki bez zaświadczeń od ręki kredyt bank warszawa rudnickiego orange jaki numer na kredyt leasing czy kredyt samochodowy forum bocian pożyczki praca kierownik afera o kredyt pożyczki bez bik leszno kredyt bank lokaty maj 2013 kredyt bank godziny otwarcia skawina kredyt bank bfg opodatkowanie pożyczki wspólnika dla spółki kredyt bank aktywacja tokena umowa pożyczki między pracownikiem a pracodawcą kredyt konsolidacyjny w alior bank opinie dobre pożyczki bez bik opinie pożyczki na dowód katowice wniosek o umorzenie odsetek od kredytu kredyt bank bankomaty białystok takto pożyczki gotówkowe nfośigw pożyczki preferencyjne szybkie pożyczki bez bik rzeszów kredyt bank krolewska w jakim banku wziasc kredyt na dom kredyty chwilówki zamość everest bocian pożyczki pożyczki prywatne elbląg umowa pożyczki pracownik wzór kredyt bank kalkulator czy istnieje jeszcze mennica pozyczki w jeleniej gorze umowa pożyczki pomiędzy pracownikiem a pracodawcą kredyt mieszkaniowy własny kąt pko bp opinie kredyty chwilówki partner rybnik pożyczki prywatne jak zaksięgować kredyt na rachunku bankowym pożyczki rybka kredyt konsolidacyjny porównanie kredyt konsolidacyjny porównanie nowe pożyczki internetowe duet pożyczki rzeszów pożyczki mennica kredyt w pko bp dla firm pożyczki na dowód wągrowiec w jakim banku brac kredyt promax pożyczki umowa pożyczki z poręczeniem kredyt bank archiwalne kursy walut kredyt bank koszalin piłsudskiego godziny otwarcia kredyt mieszkaniowy we frankach kalkulator cena rynkowa pożyczki termin przedawnienia pożyczki z zfśs pko pożyczki gotówkowe umowa dobrej pożyczki kredyty chwilówki warszawa grójecka kredyt bank k24 przedawnienie pożyczki prywatnej opodatkowanie umorzonej pożyczki pożyczki pozabankowe uk kredyt samochodowy ranking czerwiec 2012 kredyt w getin banku 2012 kredyt bank piła telefon bocian pożyczki ostrów wlkp skarabeusz pożyczki piotrków tryb bocian pożyczki czat kredyt bank modrzewiowa bydgoszcz godziny otwarcia kredyt konsolidacyjny w parabanku kredyt bank kielce kościuszki 6 pożyczki bez bik kalkulator druk zwrotu pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny credit agricole pożyczki na dowód chełmno kredyt samochodowy na firme bez bik pozyczka bialystok bez bik pożyczki pod zastaw zgorzelec pożyczki oddłużeniowe kredyt bank koszty kredyt studencki pko zaświadczenie z uczelni pozyczki bez zdolnosci kredytowej pożyczki na dowód giżycko kredyt bank marki godziny otwarcia szukam pożyczki bez bik spłata kredytu studenckiego pko kalkulator kredytu konsolidacyjnego w banku pocztowym kredyty mieszkaniowe co trzeba wiedzieć pożyczki prywatne podatki kredyt bank przelicznik walut umowa w sprawie pożyczki z zfśs kredyt bank kapelanka godziny wysoka prezyznawalnośc pozyczek konsolidacyjnych przedmiot umowy pożyczki i kredytu pożyczki na dowód kłodzko kredyt bank lipno godziny otwarcia kredyt bank gdańsk targ drzewny godziny otwarcia kalkulator kredytu gotówkowego lukas bank kredyty bez biku sosnowiec kredyt bank sa nip pozyczki udzelane w domu warszawa pożyczki bez bik jasło kredyt studencki 2013 banki pożyczki z zfśs a pcc kredyt w ge money bank opinie pożyczki przez internet bez przelewu kredyt bank kontakt szybkie pożyczki kościan pozyczki domowe kredyt bankowy a pożyczka bankowa wzór umowy pożyczki z wekslem kredyty bez bik częstochowa departament windykacji mala pozyczka kredyt bank w sandomierzu pożyczki bez bik infomonitor umowa pożyczki zwrot pożyczki a oprocentowanie pożyczki bez bik słubice kredyt bank lidzbark warm kredyt gotówkowy w banku pko bp kredyt w banku zagranicznym pożyczki gotówkowe tarnów kredyt bank warszawska kielce pożyczki dla osób zadłużonych z komornikiem pozyczki u klienta bank kredyty mieszkaniowe szukam pożyczki dla firmy kredyt studencki oprocentowanie 2013 kredyt pozabankowy pod zastaw kredyty chwilówki bydgoszcz gdańska kredyt bank lokaty terminowe 2013 kredyty bez bik w gorzowie wlkp kredyty dla wspólnot mieszkaniowych 2012 kredyt bank dluga krakow szybka pozyczka z zajeciem komorniczym 2014 pozyczki na procent pila kredyt bank bankomaty bez prowizji 2013 kredyt studencki warunki pko kredyty chwilówki częstochowa umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs emerytowi kredyty studenckie mieszkaniowe kredyt taki jak provident kredyt chwilówka jawor gdzie najlepiej wziąć kredyt bez biku kredyt bank kościerzyna kredyt dla wspólnoty mieszkaniowej pko pozabankowe kredyty na mieszkanie kredyty samochodowe dla firm ranking kredyt ratalny banki kredyt bank w kwidzynie mikrokasa pożyczki umowa pożyczki w małżeństwie getin noble bank kredyt mieszkaniowy prywatny kredyt na dowod bez dochody online kredyt dla wspólnoty mieszkaniowej boś pożyczki bez bik będzin kredyt bank podkarpackie cesja zobowiązania z tytułu pożyczki pożyczki gotówkowe w banku pocztowym kredyt bank spółdzielczy skawina idea bank kredyt dla firm forum kredyt bank częstochowa adres kredyt bank koszalin bankomaty podżyrowanie pożyczki pozyczki pod zastaw leszno kredyt bank zduńska wola kontakt kredyt bank krosno definicja pożyczki pieniężnej pożyczki prywatne dolny śląsk rejestracja umowy pożyczki od udziałowca pożyczki bez bik ratalne kredyt dla firm idea bank forum kredyt bez bik 2000 zł pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości mińsk mazowiecki kredyt konsolidacyjny kraków bocian pożyczki pruszcz gdański patrycja nowak pożyczki kredyt w getin banku opinie pożyczki kredyty chwilówki kredyt bank książkowa umowa pożyczki od spółki dla wspólnika kredyty pozabankowe dla bezrobotnych konto pożyczki długoterminowe wyliczenie rat pożyczki kredyt na mieszkanie bank pko sa pozyczki bocian leszno pożyczki w skok stefczyka neobank kredyt pod zastaw gruntow rolnych umowa pożyczki kto zgłasza do urzędu skarbowego bank pko bp kredyt odnawialny pozyczki tempo finanse tarnobrzeg pożyczki kyzoo kredyt bank euribor kredyty konsolidacyjne bez zaswiadczen o zarobkach kredyt dla studentów mbank pożyczki udzielane przez jst kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator umowa pożyczki wspólnika dla spółki jawnej kredyty bez bik tarnowskie góry pożyczki w domu wałbrzych bocian pożyczki kontakt warszawa kredyt studencki alior bank pożyczki alibaba lubań kredyty pod zastaw mieszkania pożyczki pozabankowe 24h pożyczki z windykacją pozyczka domowka warszawa pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu koszalin pożyczki typu bocian flisak pożyczki opinie kredyt w bilansie banku pożyczki dla zadłużonych bez bik kredyt mieszkaniowy w banku spółdzielczym kredyty pożyczki i gwarancje bankowe pdf kamila ignasiak pożyczki kredyt bank tbg bocian pozyczki czelmza ewidencja wpłat pożyczki z zfśs ile zarabiaja w kredyt banku szybkie kredyty bez bik szybkie pożyczki bez bik i krd nowe pożyczki internetowe pożyczki euroloan skok pożyczka bez bik kredyty chwilówki pit pożyczki bez bik sulechów ogłoszenia pożyczki pod zastaw kredyt samochodowy lukas bank kalkulator kredyt bank zarząd kredyty chwilówki grochowska 332 pożyczki bez dochodów opinie kredyt studencki w pekao kredyt bank kredyty mieszkaniowe pożyczki jak provident pozyczka pieniezna w dublinie pożyczki na weksel łódź pożyczki gotówkowe w domu klienta pożyczki bez bik nowa sól szybki kredyt na samochód bez bik kredyt bank lokata ubezpieczeniowa warta gwarancja kredyt bank grodzisk mazowiecki kontakt kredyt bank bankomaty bez prowizji 2012 kredyt bank puławska 303 godziny otwarcia odsetki od pożyczki wyliczenie umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs a składki zus pożyczki amber gold numer kredyt do orange kredyt bankowy literatura kredyt bank rekrutacja restrukturyzacja pożyczki pożyczki prywatne stargard szczeciński pozyczka onlaine 24 godziny z bik kredyt konsolidacyjny kasa stefczyka kredyt bank zambrów kontakt pożyczki chwilówki nowe firmy kredyt w banku pekao kredyt bank sokółka godziny otwarcia pożyczki lubartowska lublin pożyczki prywatne w lublinie kredyty chwilówki system partner umowa pożyczki akt notarialny kredyt bank w pruszczu gdańskim kredyt pozabankowy długoterminowy dobre pożyczki bez bik siedziby chwilowki kredyt jaslo kredyt świąteczny w banku spółdzielczym alior bank kredyt w rachunku bieżącym dla firm kredyt w banku pocztowym kredyt dla firm bez biku naliczanie odsetek od pożyczki mieszkaniowej kredyt konsolidacyjny jakie dokumenty kredyt hipoteczny bez zaświadczeń oswiecim pożyczki pod zastaw 24h lombard jagiellońska 11 kredyty banku sgb kredyty pozabankowe bez wychodzenia z domu ostrow wlkp jak księgować pożyczki kredyt bank piła tel szybki kredyt pozabankowy bez bik pulawska kredyty chwilowki warszawa bez bik i krd pożyczki całodobowe umowa pożyczki w rodzinie kredyt bank jakie dokumenty kredyt bank pochodzenie getin bank kredyt kontakt kredyty bez bik szybko kredyt refinansowy w alior banku kredyt bank żwirki i wigury opole wzór umowy pożyczki pieniężnej w rodzinie pożyczki na dowód ekspres kasa pożyczki gotówkowe chwilówki kredyt bank aktualne oprocentowanie lokat pożyczki pozabankowe brodnica pożyczki bez bik w bogatyni pożyczki gotówkowe w skoku szybkie pożyczki bez bik zmiana oprocentowania pożyczki pozyczki gotowkowe holandia 2014 pożyczki kieszonkowe pożyczki na dowód gdańsk kredyt konsolidacyjny dla kogo kredyt orange jaki nr pożyczka do domu płock pożyczki bez zaświadczeń o dochodach przez internet bank spółdzielczy kredyt mieszkaniowy forum pożyczki w kutnie kredyt bank gwarancje pożyczki online bez bik i krd prosta umowa pożyczki wzór definicja pożyczki bankowej pożyczki chwilówki bielsk podlaski

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

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funny sayings

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad