pkobp kredyt pozabankowy pożyczki chwilówki ekspresowe pożyczki chwilówki na dowód opinie kredyt konsolidacyjny na poczcie kredyty dla zadłużonych bez bik kredyt bank kłodzko godz otwarcia finan pożyczki kalisz pożyczki prywatne poznań kredyt bank ekstralokum umowa pożyczki cesja kredyt bez bik lublin podatek od umowy pożyczki między osobami fizycznymi kredyt samochodowy w banku pocztowym kredyt konsolidacyjny przykład kredyt bank 24 logowanie kredyt bez bik 20 000 pożyczki dla firm z sektora pozabankowego pożyczki pozabankowe bez wychodzenia z domu kredyt a umowa na czas określony kredyt bank w konstantynowie łódzkim kredyt w banku eurobank pożyczki bez bik i zaświadczeń przez internet kredyty z komornikiem katowice księgowanie pożyczki z zfśs kredyt bank profit plan kredyt bank wrocław plac legionów pożyczki gotówkowe tarnowskie góry kredyt bank rachunek maklerski hasła reklamowe pożyczki kredyt bank w gorzowie kredyt bez bik gryfice windykacja pożyczki pewne pożyczki online maksymalne oprocentowanie pożyczki gotówkowej pożyczki łódź bez bik pożyczki w domu klienta piła edir pożyczki kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim pekao sa kredyt samochodowy dla niepełnosprawnych pożyczki prywatne holandia pożyczki prywatne szczecinek umowa pożyczki gotówki dla spółki kredyt bank stargard telefon oferta pożyczki pko bp kredyt bez bik ranking kredyty bez bik w szczecinie odsetki od pożyczki a przychód podatkowy kredyty chwilówki siedziba główna kredyt bank gdańsk chałubińskiego godziny otwarcia kredyt bank lokaty 2014 kredyty mieszkaniowe kalkulator rodzina na swoim optima pożyczki dokumenty kredyty pozabankowe cieszyn kredyt w euro jakie banki pożyczki 5000 umowa pożyczki dla instytucji kultury oferty pożyczki gotówkowej pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik online eurobank ubezpieczenie pożyczki kredyty chwilówki warszawa bitwy warszawskiej look finanse pożyczki jak wziąść pożyczke mikropożyczki na założenie firmy pożyczki jeremie łódź kredyt bez biku piła kredyt bank śródmieście pożyczki kredyty w domu klienta kredyt konsolidacyjny oferty pożyczki dla 19 latków kredyt bank godziny otwarcia wejherowo kredyt samochodowy w santander kredyt chwilówka krakow umowa pożyczki dla syna kredyt bank godziny otwarcia radlin wysokie pożyczki bez bik pożyczki piotrków trybunalski rozwiązanie umowy pożyczki wzór kredyt studencki banki 2012 pozyczki pozabankowe z dowozem do domu podkarpacie potwierdzenie udzielenia pożyczki kredyt bank wypłata gotówki za granicą pożyczki 1200 kredyt studencki pko transza za lipiec pożyczki wekslowe pożyczki bez bik i krd katowice umowa pożyczki gotówkowej druk kredyt konsolidacyjny w bgż opinie kredyt konsolidacyjny na wyciąg pozyczki bez sprawdzania w bik ostrów wielkopolski kredyty bankowe pdf kredyt na mieszkanie bank pekao umowa pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości wzór kredyt na mieszkanie w credit agricole tanie pożyczki bez bik załatwie kredyt w banku pożyczki dla rolników 2012 kredyt studencki pko wzór umowy umowa pożyczki z członkiem zarządu kredyt bank rezygnacja z konta kredyt bank żagiel toruń pożyczki bez bik infomonitor pozyczki na pit kamienna gora bydgoszcz pozyczki do domu najszybszy kredyt konsolidacyjny pożyczki bez bik grodzisk wlkp kredyt konsolidacyjny w parabanku bocian pożyczka nr tele getin noble bank kredyty samochodowe kontakt pożyczki bez bik łódz kredyt bankowy książka kredyt konsolidacyjny pko bp sa kalkulator rat pożyczki ekspresowej kredyt konsolidacyjny w inteligo kredyt konsolidacyjny gotowkowy pożyczki z zakładowego funduszu mieszkaniowego poręczyciel pożyczki w którym banku najlepiej wziąć kredyt gotówkowy pożyczki chwilówki tarnobrzeg kredyt bank rachunki oszczędnościowe kredyty bez biku zielona góra nowe pożyczki chwilówki przez internet profit pożyczki opinie kredyt samochodowy dla lekarza niezgłoszenie pożyczki do urzędu skarbowego kredyt studencki pko wypłata pożyczki płock kredyt konsolidacyjny co to jest pożyczki cent pożyczki gotówkowe bez dochodów pożyczki prywatne suwałki pożyczki do 4000 zł mikropożyczki olsztyn kredyt konsolidacyjny w norwegii umowa pożyczki na przelew kredyt bank rodzina na swoim opinie umowa pożyczki ojciec syn wzór jak wziąć kredyt w orange na 5 zł tanie pożyczki bez bik kredyty chwilówki wrocław powstańców śląskich pożyczki chojnice polskie finanse pożyczki kredyt bez bik stargard szczeciński pożyczki chwilówki jarocin pożyczki aukcje pożyczki gotówkowe w pko ile kosztuje umowa pożyczki u notariusza kredyt pozabankowy kredyt bank oszczędnościowe kredyt obrotowy w idea banku pod zastaw sprzedaż kredyt banku santander 2012 kredyty mieszkaniowe getin bank pożyczki pod zastaw auta lublin kredyty pozabankowe tychy kredyty konsolidacyjne pozabankowe czy kredyty chwilówki działają na prawie bankowym szybki kredyt bez bik z komornikiem kredyty konsolidacyjne rzeszów bgk kredyt mieszkaniowy umowa pożyczki z synem kredyty bankowe porównanie placówki kredyt banku w warszawie wypowiedzenie kredytu getin bank kredyt bank piaskowa góra wałbrzych pożyczki abis forum abil pożyczki oddziały kredyt banku w krakowie kredyt bank żagiel szczecin pożyczki dfg pożyczki chwilówki kredyt bank środa śląska telefon kredyty chwilówki zarząd kredyt bank białystok mickiewicza kontakt kredyt bank zniwna kredyty pozabankowe plock kredyt w banku zachodnim forum www banki daja pozyczke na dowód kredyty bez bik piotrków trybunalski kredyt bank sa lublin żagiel warunki kredytu w banku wbk kredyty pożyczki bankowe pożyczki przez internet pierwsza za darmo bez bik przyznawalność kredytów w credit agricole pożyczki pozabankowe przez internet forum pozyczka na dowod bez zaswiadczen nowy sacz kredyt konsolidacyjny gliwice kredyt bank pszów godziny otwarcia pożyczki prywatnie warszawa umowa pozyczki pod zastaw umowa pożyczki a pcc pożyczki prywatne bez bik przez internet pozyczki bez bik wloclawek pożyczki fiolet pożyczki pod zastaw agd koszt całkowity pożyczki pożyczki pod zastaw mieszkania warszawa kredyt bank oddział lublin krakowskie przedmieście kredyt samochodowy deutsche bank kalkulator umowa pożyczki dla instytucji kultury kredyt bank wiceprezes pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu katowice kredyt bank poleska godziny otwarcia optima pożyczki zasady getin bank oprocentowanie kredytu dla firm kredyty bez bik w gorzowie wlkp umowa pożyczki bez procentu kredyty w santander bank kredyt mieszkaniowy warunki do spełnienia kredyt samochodowy bez bik dla firm kredyt bank ogińskiego jelenia góra pożyczki kredyty na dowód kredyt bank lokaty 2012 kredyt konsolidacyjny sgb kredyty chwilówki rybnik raciborska chwilówki kredyty gotówkowe kredyt mieszkaniowy bgż opinie 2012 pożyczki na oświadczenie bocian umowa pożyczki wzór osoby fizyczne kredyty mieszkaniowe opinie o bankach szybki kredyt 2014r :l kredyt bank wołomin godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki dla obcokrajowca kredyt mieszkaniowy własny kąt opinie pozyczki bez biku i zaswiadczen i dochodach kredyt w ulster banku uk pożyczki bez bik us i zus kredyt bank w wadowicach kredyt mieszkaniowy a małżeństwo kredyt mieszkaniowy lukas bank kalkulator bocian pożyczki rzeszów kontakt pożyczki onet pko pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt gotówkowy w banku pocztowym opinie kredyt mieszkaniowy dla samotnych matek 2012 kredyt bank bankomaty prowizja bank pekao sa kredyt studencki 2013 kredyt bank prywatyzacja kredyt w banku bez zgody współmałżonka pożyczki chwilówki warszawa grochowska pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik online potwierdzenie pożyczki pożyczki pozabankowe mikołów brak zdolności kredytowej kredyt bank w borku wlkp getin bank wcześniejsza spłata pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki legionowo kredyty mieszkaniowe bez bik i krd preferencyjny kredyt studencki pko bp kredyty pozabankowe dla firm bez bik kredyt bez bik szczecin kredyt mieszkaniowy bank bph kredyt bank poleasingowe alior bank kredyt mieszkaniowy pożyczki pod zastaw forum pcc od pożyczki termin skarbiec pożyczki dla zadłużonych kredyt bank w gdańsku godziny otwarcia skarabeusz pożyczki ruda śląska umowa pożyczki to umowa pożyczki prywatne szczecin kredyt konsolidacyjny bank bgż opinie kredyt bank w kamiennej górze kredyt bank fax kredyt banki sieradz forma pożyczki bocian pożyczki żary pożyczki z dostawą do domu wrocław getin bank wniosek o kredyt online jak otrzymać kredyt bez bik praktyka w kredyt banku opinie umowa pożyczki od udziałowca druk kredyty bank pko bp kredyt bank centrala lublin pożyczki chwilówki na sam dowód istota kredytu i pożyczki alior bank kredyt na działalność gospodarczą pod jaki nr wziąć kredyt w orange mcredit pożyczki pożyczki dla bezrobotnych online kredyt konsolidacyjny windykacja szukam pożyczki łódź pożyczki bez bik wałbrzych kredyty chwilówki gorlice kredyt konsolidacyjny gliwice kredyt bank w bochni godziny otwarcia kredyt na start w idea bank forum kredyt bank ciechanów telefon szybkie kredyty gotówkowe bez biku oddziały kredyt banku w katowicach praca dodatkowa pożyczki kredyt bank sanok chopina ing bank kredyt samochodowy kalkulator pożyczki dla zadłużonych bez bik forum pożyczki od ręki bez biku kredyt mieszkaniowy getin bank forum pożyczki chwilówki chełmno pożyczki na dowód opole kredyt bez bik w parabanku pożyczki na dowód do ręki kredyty bez biku i krd na sam dowów w kielcach kredyt bank oszczędzanie kredyt bank świecie kredyty chwilówki w tychach pożyczki bez bik i krd warszawa kredyty chwilówki bez bik białystok kredyt bank lipno telefon pożyczki bez bik lublin umowa pożyczki nieoprocentowanej wzór prywatne pożyczki kościan pozyczki krotko terminowe pożyczki na dowód polkowice kredyty pozabankowe bez bik kredyty mieszkaniowe bank pko bp kredyt bank wroclaw powstancow pożyczki prywatne online pożyczki przez internet za darmo potrącenie z wynagrodzenia pożyczki z zfśs kredyt mieszkaniowy w polsce kalkulator pożyczki prywatne wyszków umowa o kredyt prosty wzór pożyczki gotówkowe do ręki pożyczki lojalnościowe pozyczki pozabankowe katowice bez meldunku bank kredyt bez bik alior bank kredyt kredyt konsolidacyjny dla rencisty pożyczki i chwilówki bez bik preferencyjny kredyt studencki pko bp praca w bocianie pożyczki kredyt w banku ochrony środowiska kredyt samochodowy dla nowej firmy santander consumer bank kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator udzielę pożyczki na procent 2013 pożyczki pod zastaw rtv tarnów kredyt bank marketing kredyt bez bik wolny rynek bank pko bp oprocentowanie kredytów kredyt bank godziny otwarcia białystok kredyt mieszkaniowy w którym banku pożyczki społecznościowe online provident odmowa pożyczki kredyt bankowy obrotowy kredyt w citibanku kredyt bank włodawa kontakt pożyczki profi credit opinie kredyt bank sa w białymstoku kredyty chwilowki zary pozyczki bydgoszcz 24 kredyty bez bik w gorzowie wlkp kredyt bez bik w bydgoszczy kredyty chwilowki deblin pożyczki chwilówki rawicz pożyczki chwilówki w poznaniu pożyczki pozabankowe na pit pożyczki bez bik w starachowicach kredyt bank firmy kredyt konsolidacyjny bank spółdzielczy firma pozyczkowa kronos szczecin kredyt mieszkaniowy dla singli kalkulator kredyty pozabankowe zgorzelec kredyty jelenia góra ewidencja pożyczki w walucie obcej pożyczki gotówkowe w domu klijenta swidnica kredyt bank kody jednorazowe kredyt bank kołobrzeska gdańsk telefon konwersja pożyczki na kapitał zakładowy kredyt bank ostrow wlkp pożyczki dla studentów i absolwentów getink bank krasnik kredyt dla firm umowa pożyczki do urzędu skarbowego bocian pożyczki braniewo wzór pożyczki między osobami fizycznymi banki kredyt na mieszkanie akcje spółki kredyt bank sa kredyt bank w malborku kredyt bank 3 oddział warszawa podatek od pożyczki od rodziny www kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyt bank program systematycznego oszczędzania kredyt w banku spółdzielczym warunki pożyczki bez bik turek pozyczki bez bik i krd gdansk potwierdzenie udzielenia pożyczki pożyczki gotówkowe praca kredyt bank szczecin wojska polskiego godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki koszty optima pożyczki piła pożyczki dla firm jeremie zwrot ubezpieczenia pożyczki kredyty chwilówki praca zarobki bankomat kredyt bank lubin kredyty chwilowki wroclaw szybkie kredyty chwilówki umowa pożyczki elementy kredyty chwilówki chorzów batory alior bank kredyt opinie reklama pożyczki vivus umowy kredytowe w spółce komandytowej kredyt bank spółka akcyjna warszawa pozyczki bochnia kredyt bank godziny otwarcia rumia kredyt bank reuters dokumenty do kredytu mieszkaniowego pko bp firmy dajace pozyczki zadluzonym u komornika pożyczki dla zadłużonych z komornikiem kredyt bank wpłatomat adam lorek pożyczki kredyt bank sokołów podlaski kontakt kredyt konsolidacyjny najdłuższy okres kredyty bez sprawdzania biku skarabeusz chorzów pożyczka na dowód udziele pożyczki prywatnie 2013 szybkie pożyczki bez bik na dowód kredyt studencki pko miesiące kredyt bank ekstrakonto profil aktywny 50 kredyt bankowy bibliografia pożyczki od ręki gdynia kredyt w getin bank czy łatwo jest dostać kredyt w getin banku pożyczka dla kazdego lubin optima direct pożyczki najtańsze pożyczki bankowe pożyczka bez bik bez zaświadczeń puck pożyczki społecznościowe w uk kredyt studencki w banku millenium pożyczki chwilówki sms umorzenie pożyczki darowizna pożyczki pod zastaw legnica pożyczki biała podlaska jakie banki daja kredyt bez bik dobosiewicz kredyty i gwarancje bankowe pdf pożyczki bez pcc dobre pożyczki bez biku wniosek o kredyt w banku spółdzielczym kredyt bank debet pożyczki chwilówki tarnów pożyczki na procent od osób prywatnych wycena pożyczki według zamortyzowanego kosztu kalkulator kredytowy gotówkowy kredyt bank kredyt bank fosa staromiejska toruń pożyczki gotówkowe wikipedia kredyt bank godz otwarcia w jakim banku kredyt gotówkowy bez zaświadczeń gzie najlepiej w krakowie wziasc kredyt pozabankowy kredyt gotówkowy bank pekao sa pożyczki w banku millennium pozyczki na dowod bez zaswiadzczen i limitów wiekowych pożyczki kielce pożyczki bez bik współpraca umowa zawarcia pożyczki krzysztof pawiński pożyczki kredyt bank w legnicy kredyt bankowy słownik kredyt bank warszawa wolska pożyczki online od 19 lat kredyt bank nr regon kredyt w uk dla polakow kredyt bankowy zalety i wady kto bierze pożyczki gotówkowe umowa pożyczki z zfśs wzór kredyt bank żytnia warszawa godziny otwarcia pożyczki elbląg kredyt bankowy a pozyczka kredyt mieszkaniowy karta podatkowa marża w kredyt banku pożyczki na dowód lubin szukam pożyczki prywatnej 2012 kredyt bank pułtusk kontakt szybkie pożyczki gotówkowe warszawa pożyczki bez bik w kaliszu kredyt mieszkaniowy polbank kalkulator wykop pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki credit agricole kredyt konsolidacyjny z druga osoba kredyt w banku aib kredyt bank kurs chf kredyt bank bankomaty warszawa kredyt bankowy w przedsiębiorstwie kredyt bank przelewy internetowe kredyty chwilówki płock kwiatka kredyty bez bik i krd lodz kredyt mieszkaniowy kiedy pierwsza rata slimak pozyczki te pożyczki opinie kredyt konsolidacyjny w którym banku kredyt w banku najniższe oprocentowanie kredyt bank gdzie wyplacac bez prowizji kredyt pozabankowy częstochowa jak wyglądają pożyczki w providencie kredyt w uk na benefity pożyczki na dowód gniezno kredyty bez bik poznań głogowska kredyty chwilówki on line kredyty bez bik kołobrzeg kredyty chwilowki bytom pożyczki prywatne bez bik warszawa pożyczki kamień pomorski pożyczki a pcc kredyty bez bik trójmiasto meritum bank kredyt online podatek od pożyczki z funduszu socjalnego kredyty konsumpcyjne w działalności banku

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

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funny sayings

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad