pożyczki pod zastaw piotrkow abis slask pozyczki udziele pożyczki prywatnie warszawa kredyt mieszkaniowy jaki wkład własny pożyczki żnin kara za niezgłoszenie pożyczki pozyczki z funduszu dla zadluzonych wycena pożyczki w walucie obcej na dzień bilansowy kredyt mieszkaniowy dochód umowa pożyczki pieniędzy doc pozyczka na umowe cywilno prawna czestochowa pro domo pożyczki kołobrzeg kredyt bankowy konto kredyty chwilowki kepno gredan pożyczki kody do orange kredyt pożyczki w domu klienta bytom szybkie kredyty gotówkowe pozabankowe umowa pożyczki z przewłaszczeniem nieruchomości kredyty bez bik krd pożyczki pozabankowe dla kogo alex pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny w parabankach pozyczka dla bezrobotnego ze splata tygodniowa kredyt bank w przeworsku kredyty konsolidacyjne ze złą historią kredytową bank santander kredyt na komornika bocian pożyczki giżycko banki dające wszystkim kredyt samochodowy kredyt konsolidacyjny credit kasa pożyczki adam nowakowski pożyczki pozyczki bez biku online kredyt studencki jakie warunki bank bph kredyt konsolidacyjny opinie alior bank kredyty studenckie kredyt pozabankowy na zakup mieszkania pożyczki dla małych przedsiębiorstw kredyt bez bik optima umowa pożyczki od obcokrajowca kredyt eurobank online kredyt bank tygrysy europy kredyt bank parkiet forum abis pozyczka głogów numer telefonu polecane pożyczki kredyt mieszkaniowy z wkładem własnym optima pożyczki praca kredyt w raiffeisen bank forum kredyt w eurobank opinie pożyczki chwilówki kalkulator pożyczki alior kredyt samochodowy mbank regulamin pożyczki ekspresowe na dowód skarabeusz pożyczki praca pożyczki chwilówki poznań ul 23 lutego kredyt konsolidacyjny umowa na zastępstwo kredyt w getin banku opinie pożyczki pod zastaw zielona góra kredyt bank ełk ul słowackiego pozyczki bez bik forum kasa branickiego pożyczki kredyt bankowy z bik kredyt bank przelewy wychodzące godziny historia umowy pożyczki kredyt bank garwolin godziny otwarcia pożyczki gotówkowe bez bik i zaświadczeń kredyt bank sokółka telefon ubezpieczenie kredytu w aig bank jak obliczyć odsetki od umowy pożyczki emilion pożyczki kredyt bez biku dla zadłuzonych pożyczki pelikan kredyt bank sa kod swift kredyt bank blonie kredyt bank rozwiązanie umowy pożyczki długoterminowe definicja kredyt bankowy dla małych i średnich przedsiębiorstw zabezpieczenie pożyczki proz wzór umowy pożyczki kwoty pieniężnej kredyt bank oddziały warszawa udzielać pożyczki proz pożyczki kapitał ludzki kredyty bez bik w uk kredyty chwilówki warszawa zwrot pożyczki urząd skarbowy kwota pożyczki zwolniona od podatku kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator porównanie kredyt gotówkowy bez zaświadczeń online korzystne pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt pozabankowy gdynia pożyczki chwilówki w ciechanowie pożyczki na dowód bez zaświadczeń i bik czy sygma bank udziela pozyczek pożyczki bez bik łódz kredyt na samochód bez bik pożyczki fasadowe kredyt konsolidacyjny eurobank kredyty chwilowki srem vivus przedłużenie pożyczki udzielenie nieoprocentowanej pożyczki spółce auto kredyt bez bik witam kredyt bez bik i krd kredyt bank kapitał kredyt konsolidacyjny przy najniższej krajowej kredyt bez biku opinie pożyczki dla zadłużonych online kredyt bank oddział marki godziny otwarcia kredyt mieszkaniowy dla singli 2012 kredyt bank wypowiedzenie rachunku kredyty preferencyjne banki potwierdzenie spłaty pożyczki wzór kredyt bank 24 kursy walut pozyczki z obsługą domową warszawa tylko dobre kredyty bez biku kredyt konsolidacyjny w alior banku pożyczki socjalne w pracy kredyt bank w wieliczce w jakim banku najlepiej brać kredyt mieszkaniowy gdzie wziac kredyt kielce kredyt bank rzgowska pożyczki bez bik nowy sącz lloyds kredyt pod zastaw mieszkania w polsce kredyty bez bik dabrowa gornicza aureus pozyczki kalkulator kredytowy gotówkowy alior bank kredyt bank kondratowicza 35 jaki jest kod na kredyt z orange kredyt bank kurs chf pożyczki chwilówki jak założyć pożyczki darowizny kredyt samochodowy idea bank kredyt mieszkaniowy ltv kredyt bank mickiewicz białystok pozyczka gratka opinie kredyty mieszkaniowe pozabankowe kasa jowisz pożyczki kredyt bez bik bez poreczycieli pożyczki chwilówki sokołów podlaski kredyt bank departamenty kredyt konsolidacyjny oblicz raty potrącenia pożyczki z wynagrodzenia skarabeusz pożyczki chrzanów pożyczki prywatne biała podlaska kredyt bank godziny otwarcia zamość 18lat na dowod kredyty olsztyn pożyczki na rozwój działalności gospodarczej prywatna umowa pożyczki pieniędzy wzór pożyczki panda opole kredyt bank turek pożyczki ratunkowe poznań kredyt mieszkaniowy bez zdolności kredytowej prywatne pozyczki na weksel kredyt w orange jaki kod kredyt konsolidacyjny dla firm najtańsze pożyczki online kredyt bank rakowicka godziny otwarcia kredyt bank ukraine kredyt bank legnica godz otwarcia kredyt bank filia poraj pożyczki pod zastaw jawor kredyt studencki pko kiedy firma kredyty chwilówki opinie kredyt bez bik dębica pożyczki od osób prywatnych warszawa bocian pożyczki nowogard pożyczki bez bik świecie umowa pożyczki a koszty uzyskania przychodu bocian pożyczki nakło nad notecią opty pożyczki koszalin pożyczki udziałowców kredyt w anglii forum pożyczki multika mikropożyczki opole polisa pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny w meritum bank kredyt samochodowy bank bph kredyty chwilówki na raty kredyty bez bik i krd lublin kredyt mieszkaniowy dla młodych małżeństw pko kredyty mieszkaniowe alior bank pożyczki do domu optima pożyczki od 20 lat kredyt mieszkaniowy plus gotówka skarabeusz pożyczki głogów pożyczki bolesławiec pożyczki bez oprocentowania kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim 2013 pożyczki dla zadłużonych z komornikiem online kredyt samochodowy mbank dokumenty pożyczki gotówkowe jelenia góra pożyczki z obsługą w domu klienta kredyty dla zadłużonych siedlce adresy nr tel oprocentowanie pożyczki mieszkaniowej z zfśs praca w kredyt banku 2012 kredyt samochodowy ranking 2014 pożyczka od 18 lat na dowód pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik online pożyczki prywatne mazowieckie wziecie pozyczki od mafi pożyczki społecznościowe sekrata kredyt bank w skoczowie współpraca pożyczki bez bik skok wisła pożyczki pożyczki pozabankowe białystok pożyczki wierzyciel kredyty mieszkaniowe dla osob pracujacych za granica kredyt konsolidacyjny gotowkowy pożyczki na dowód uk kredyty chwilowki legnica opinie pożyczki gotówkowe długoterminowe gros pożyczki opinie podatek od pożyczki w banku pożyczki katowice 3 maja pożyczki bez bik cały kraj kredyty bez bik sandomierz kredyt bank lublin windykacja kontakt kredyt bez bik do 50 tys poznań kredyt bank wola warszawa kredyt bank tarnów lwowska telefon kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator wbk wzór weksla pożyczki kredyty mieszkaniowe tanie kredyty chwilówki łuków duże pożyczki profinet pożyczki opinie spłata pożyczki z funduszu socjalnego kredyty chwilowki nowa sol pożyczki 1000 zł kredyt w jakim banku 2013 kredyt bank warszawa ul fieldorfa prywatne pożyczki gotówkowe prymus pożyczki kredyty bez bik i krd olsztyn pożyczki 10000zł pożyczki takie jak provident kredyty mieszkaniowe w 2012 roku kredyt w banku forum potwierdzenie zapłaty pożyczki warunki uzyskania kredytu w getin banku kredyt w banku bz wbk kredyt bank łochów pożyczki na dowód bez bik krd kredyt samochodowy invest bank umowa pożyczki pomiędzy wspólnikiem a spółką pożyczki na dowód słupsk pożyczki dla ludzi bez pracy pożyczki bocian września nowakka pożyczki online kredyt bank w legionowie kredyt samochodowy bez bik na firme cechy pożyczki jako czynności prawnej skarabeusz pożyczki oświęcim pożyczki w domu klienta wałbrzych umorzenie odsetek od pożyczki przychód pożyczki głogów kredyt mieszkaniowy a małżeństwo pozyczki dla zadluzonych i w bazach kredyty mieszkaniowe rodzina na swoim 2012 pożyczki przez internet bez wychodzenia z domu pożyczki pozabankowe kołobrzeg pożyczki bocian płock kredyt samochodowy na oświadczenie bez bik kredyt studencki pko procent kredyt pozabankowy przez internet forum pilne pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt konsolidacyjny kb umowa pożyczki ważność kredyt konsolidacyjny bez ograniczeń wiekowych pcc od pożyczki udziałowca 2013 pożyczki od ręki wrocław pożyczki chwilówki w lesznie kredyt bank biłgoraj umowa pożyczki na cele mieszkaniowe z zfśs wzór kredyt konsolidacyjny w citibanku kredyty chwilówki strzegom pożyczki chwilówki na dowód katowice pożyczki bez zaświadczeń szczecin kredyt bank otwock kredyt bank busko szybkie pożyczki piła kredyt bank sa bielsk podlaski pożyczki online w 15 minut pożyczki w poznaniu kredyt konsolidacyjny dla jst kredyt bank karty kredytowe infolinia kredyt dla zadłużonych opole brzeg korona pozyczki konin kredyt bez bik erif bocian pożyczki wzór umowy korzystne pożyczki bankowe prawo podatkowe pożyczki kredyt bez bik big bocian pożyczki ostróda kredyt w uk lloyds kredyt idea bank opinie pożyczki pod zastaw gruntu gdzie szybki kredyt bez bik kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator rat wbk punkt pozyczek bocian w swiebodzinie kredyty bez bik glogow pożyczki od osób prywatnych radom kredyty bez komornika biku wroclaw pożyczki bankowe ranking pożyczki chwilówki bez opłat kredyt konsolidacyjny dla rencisty kredyt bank w legionowie bocian pożyczki opinia bank pko kredyt rodzina na swoim kredyt w banku slaskim pożyczki kielce kredyt w uk dla polakow getink bank krasnik kredyt dla firm kredyty chwilówki w kielcach pożyczki prywatne racibórz kredyt mieszkaniowy dla singli rodzina na swoim kredyt mieszkaniowy eurobank pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości gdynia wrocław pożyczki prywatne kredyty bankowe wzory kredyt bank konto osobiste opinie kredyt bankowy aktywo czy pasywo pożyczka 20000 w lesznie bez bik kredyt studencki pekao dokumenty kredyt w banku polskim udzielenie pożyczki innej firmie księgowanie 24 pożyczki proximus pożyczki prywatne radomsko kredyt bank lubin jana pawła kredyty konsolidacyjne z zajęciem komorniczym opłata za przelew zagraniczny kredyt bank kredyt bank chrobrego wrocław godziny otwarcia sygma bank kredyt online umowa pożyczki podatek od czynności cywilnoprawnych kredyt bez bankowego rejestru szukam pożyczki katowice kredyt na dowód lukas bank prywatne pożyczki inwestycyjne kredyt bank janów lubelski kredyt pod zastaw domu bez bik kredyt bank starogard gdański tel umowa pożyczki jeremie pożyczki do domu optima wysoki kredyt bez bik pożyczki dla msp pożyczki prywatne nowa sól pożyczki bez bik gniezno opodatkowanie odsetek pożyczki kredyt bez bik katowice kredyt bank białystok zwycięstwa 8 c pożyczki bytom szybkie pożyczki chwilówki kredyt bank radomsko kontakt getin bank warunki ubezpieczenia kredytu pożyczki w planie kont kredyt studencki w ktorym banku kredyt konsolidacyjny a krd kredyty w szkocji kredyt bank w biłgoraju kredyty mieszkaniowe sierpień 2012 provident odmowa pożyczki kredyt bank wypowiada umowy na życie bocian pożyczki gotówkowe umowa poręczenia pożyczki kredyt bank bankomaty wbk udzielenie pożyczki spółce przez spółkę pożyczki pozabankowe środa wlkp kredyt bez bik i krd dla firm kredyt dla firm bez zaświadczeń bez bik optima pożyczki oferty pracy kredyt bank szczecin matejki telefon kredyt mieszkaniowy z umową na czas określony umowa pożyczki referat bocian pożyczki bik kredyt bank oddział w białymstoku kredyt bank kasprzaka pożyczki kraków rynek podgórski kredyty bez bik w olsztynie kredyt bank wrocławska warunki przyznania kredytu mieszkaniowego w pko bp kredyt bank kalkulator kredytu mieszkaniowego kredyt bank kłodzko telefon pożyczki bez bik przemyśl pożyczki prywatne szczecin optima pożyczki przez internet kredyt bank krs ekasa pożyczki pożyczki na projekty unijne poręczenie pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny bez biku pożyczki bez bik długoterminowe pożyczki bez bik tarnowskie góry kredyt studencki pko sa 2012 kredyt bez bik gdynia kredyt bank kasprzaka 2 pożyczki społecznościowe czy warto inwestować kredyty bez bik warszawa kredyt bank program praktyk wakacyjnych sprzedaż wierzytelności z tytułu pożyczki kredyt refinansowy w banku centralnym najtańszy kredyt konsolidacyjny firma pożyczki chwilówki kredyt bez biku bez zaswiadczen kredyty w idea bank umowa pożyczki od wspólnika spółki cywilnej kasa polska pożyczki pożyczka 40000 zl bez biku pożyczki społecznościowe dla zadłużonych pożyczki bez bik w bydgoszczy kredyt bez bik śrem pożyczki na rozwój firmy kredyt bank wyzwolenia szczecin kredyt samochodowy banki wniosek o kredyt studencki pekao sa kredyty bez bik wodzisław śl spłata pożyczki z amber gold kredyt bez bik na umowe zlecenie firmy udzielające pożyczki bez bik kredyty chwilówki jak założyć pożyczki z zadłużeniem komorniczym kredyty bez bik słupsk nazwa pożyczki udzielonej przez bank kredyt bez bik na dowód kredyt bank wolontariat pracowniczy kredyt bank cennik opłat kredyt bank centrum kart płatniczych kalkulator kredytu gotówkowego alior bank kredyt bank kolobrzeska gdansk kredyty z komornikiem katowice karta kredytowa kredyt bank punkty pożyczki dla podmiotów ekonomii społecznej pozyczki calodobowe uk online kredyt konsolidacyjny fortis bank kredyty mieszkaniowe luty 2013 pożyczki pod zastaw ełk umorzenie pożyczki z wfośigw księgowanie kredyt w boś banku opinie definicja pożyczki pieniężnej kredyt bank zwrot za paliwo pożyczki od gangsterów kredyty chwilówki opinie gowork pożyczki gotówkowe comperia kredyt gotówkowy w banku spółdzielczym kredyt bank nowy sacz kontakt numery telefonu o pozyczke wrzesnia pożyczki gotówkowe kalisz kredyt konsolidacyjny zdunska wola pożyczki gotówkowe suwałki pożyczki bez bik piotrków trybunalski kredyt bank nowy sącz aleje wolności kredyt bank wpłatomaty poznań kredyt mieszkaniowy getin bank opinie kredyty chwilówki brzeg kredyt pod zastaw domu w banku kredyty bez bik koszalin promesa udzielenia pożyczki ranking pożyczki gotówkowe czy warto brać kredyt w getin banku udzielę pożyczki prywatnej na procent kredyt bank bialobrzegi udzielenie pożyczki przez spółkę wspólnikowi kredyt konsolidacyjny ustawa pożyczki pozabankowe w legnicy szybkie pożyczki bez bik nowy sącz kredyt bank cz pożyczki bez bik i krd sosnowiec pożyczki krapkowice pożyczki chwilówki bez bik bydgoszcz kredyt bank nowe konto kredyty chwilówki bocian pożyczki wspólników udzielane spółkom kapitałowym pożyczki osobiste kredyt w banku millennium kredyt bank wroclaw legnicka kredyt bank iii oddział w warszawie potrzebuje pożyczki na dowód pożyczki dla msp pożyczki banki kredyt studencki oprocentowanie pekao pożyczki inwestycyjne kredyt studencki pko bp pożyczki dla młodych przedsiębiorców pożyczki agh pożyczki na weksel kredyt bez bik ełk kredyt bank rzeszów pożyczki bez bik żnin kredyt bank bednarska umowa pożyczki działalność gospodarcza kredyt bez bik starachowice kredyt bank garibaldiego 4 nr tel pożyczki bocian stargard szczeciński kontakt kredyt konsolidacyjny w kredyt bank bezzwrotne pożyczki dla bezrobotnych pożyczki łódzkie kredyt w db bank opinie pro collect pożyczki kredyt bank stalowa wola kontakt kredyt bank charakterystyka wierzyciel pożyczki opinie pożyczki ostrów mazowiecka

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An early Noli Me Tangere by Il Bronzino, 1540, Florentine mannerist, Casa Buonarroti, Firenze. Noli me tangere is Latin, from Saint Jerome’s Vulgate for “Don’t touch me!” Christ said this to Mary Magdalene and the moment in which the words were spoken was a popular subject for religious paintings and was a familiar trope in Gregorian chant. The quotation is from John 20:17, best known in the orotund simplicity of Jacobean diction in which is couched the King James version of the New Testament (1612 CE): “Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.”

In an attempt to subdue the probably misogynist import of the statement, putting down female intrusion into holy matters, some modern English bibles translate it as “Do not disturb me” or “Do not interfere with me.” But that is NOT what the Latin means. It is nonsense to imagine that some of that loathing of women which perfused and befouled early Christianity was not a hateful leaking-in from Judaism. Consider only the still-in-use Jewish morning prayer where men are commanded to pray to their deity with the words, “And thank you, God, for not making me a woman.” Modern misogyny? Check out the Vatican and the U.S. Republican party.

   

 

 

 

“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

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Shocking Origin of the Word Easter

 

Together with Certain Paschal Obscurities

 

Before offering you choice paschal obscurities (rare Easter words), let’s etymologize the important festival of the Christian Church which commemorates the resurrection of Christ, and corresponds to the Jewish Pesach or Passover. For a good discussion of the origin and etymology of the Hebrew word Pesach, click-visit this site:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passover

Easter, our modern English word stems directly from the Old English or Anglo-Saxon word Eastre or Eostre. The Angles, the Saxons, and the Jutes had no dictionary to standardize spelling and so orthographical variation ran wild, much as Eostre did, sporting nymphlike through the woodlands of spring.

There are several cogent origins of the word Easter. I explain them below.

All Hail, Eostre!

Eostre was a Germanic goddess. In all the lovingly museumed depictions of ancient British, Celtic and European deities, we have no surviving image of Eostre and she is mentioned only once in ancient literature, in the writings of the always pious Venerable Bede. But Eostre’s name tells us she was a Teutonic goddess of dawn. Her name originated in Old Teutonic, from *austrôn- ‘dawn.’ *Austrôn can evolve into Eostre. What we know with certainty is that the Christian Easter celebration took its name from Eostur-monath, the Anglo-Saxon word for the month of April, literally Eostre-month.

Who then was this fair goddess Eostre? A coy and modest damsel tiptoeing in divinely sequined velvet slippers through vernal dells, all the while sprinkling with dew yon awakening posies? Probably not. She was more likely The Wanton Slut of the Spring Rut, a lubricious deity who smiled upon and encouraged the potent surge of returning fertility. The Anglo-Saxons celebrated her lustful advent at the spring solstice, the vernal equinox, as part of the worship of a pagan deity who brought teeming uberousness back to the land and to the groin after a morose winter of vegetal and bodily moping.

 

Eostre-oid maiden cavorting in springtime?

The name Easter may have been adopted during a time when Christians were attempting to convert new followers by highlighting the similarities between Christianity and pagan religions. The story of Christ’s resurrection, the focal point of the Easter holiday, has much in common with the rebirth stories of pagan tradition.

The most sober and linguistically compelling root word of Easter is however probably a source based on Germanic forms of East, forms like Ost, Osten, the Germanic Easter word Oster and Old High German ostarun which means literally ‘easterly celebration times.’

The sun rises in the East. In many languages the word for dawn, daybreak, even daylight stems from a word meaning ‘east.’ The sun returned in glory during the spring. What better time of year then to celebrate “eastern springy stuff.”

A Proto-Germanic root for east is cognate with many other east/dawn words in other Indo-European languages. For example, all the PIE dawn words like Latin aurora (think of aurora borealis, literal meaning? ‘northern dawn’), Epic Greek ώς and Attic ως eos ‘dawn.’ Think of English scientific words like palaeozoology’s name for the earliest horse, eohippus ‘dawn-horse,’ or the Eocene era. Sanskrit for ‘dawn’ is usas and Avestan is usah.

Of course, in most modern European languages, the word for Easter was borrowed directly from the Hebrew word for Passover, pesach. Consider Greek pascha, Latin pascha, French Pâques, Italian Pasqua, Spanish Pascua and Dutch pask. English has a technical adjective from theology, paschal ‘of Easter.’ A delightful Old English term named the paschal lamb, ostarfrisking.

 

Cognate Word Related to Eostre But Less Likely as A Source

This questing etymologist looks at the classical Greek word oistros, not for an origin, but for a cognate, that is, a word born from the same Indo-European root as Eostre then Easter.

Oistros was a large European horsefly whose painful bite drew blood and caused cattle to run wild, even stampede. The insect’s Victorian zoological name was Tabanus bovinus, where tabanus is the Latin word for horsefly or gadfly. Today Oestrus is the genus name of the common botfly, a similarly nasty little insect whose larvae are parasites in mammal tissues and body cavities, mammals such as humans, horses, and cows.

English-speakers know the ancient Greek word in more familiar dress as oestrus or estrus, its Latin forms. In modern physiology, estrus is the female equivalent of the word rut. When a female animal is “in heat” it is in estrus. In Classical Greek oistros meant ‘frenzy,’ ‘sexual rage,’ ‘ravening, slavering female lust.’ It described, for example, the scary maenads, drunken women running wild over the Greek mountains, spring-moon-mad in their ecstatic worship of Dionysus, futtering the night away in unholy orgies of forbidden lust, catching a male “chase animal,” ripping his body apart, and devouring oozing gobbets of his freshly dead flesh. Hey, girls, beats a slow bowling night!

The Greeks thought you could catch such sexual ardor from being bitten by a gadfly. Oistros meant ‘gadfly’ too. More to the point, Herodotus (Histories ch.93.1) uses oistros to describe the desire of fish to spawn. So its root meaning is probably ‘rage’ with a later semantic overlay of ‘raging, powerful sexual urge.’

That’s something pagan peoples celebrated every spring, the upsurge of sap in tree and plant and human. The Anglo-Saxons Eosturmonath was Sex Surge Month, not as dainty as April perhaps, but much more to the pagan point.

 

Rare Easter Terms

 1. Suppedaneum

A suppedaneum was a foot support for someone being crucified. Made of wood, it projected out from the upright, vertical stake of the crucifix. The Italian painter Giotto often shows a suppedaneum as a detail in his paintings of the Crucifixion, like the one shown below.

Suppedaneum is a Medieval Latin compound word from Latin sub ‘under’ + Latin pes, pedis ‘foot’ + noun and adjectival suffix ‘-aneus, -anea, -aneum.’

 

2. Cereus

Our Easter term is cereus paschalis which is the ecclesiastical Latin name for the Easter taper or candle used in paschal ceremonies. The Latin root is cereus ‘waxen’ or its later form cerius ‘made of wax,’ adjectives from the basic Latin word cera ‘wax.’

The same Latin etymon gives Old French forms like cerge and cirge and modern French cierge ‘votive candle,’ longue chandelle de cire que l’on brûle dans les églises, une bougie utilisée dans les cémonies religieuses.

Also derived from the same Latin word is a greenhouse plant known to growers of succulents worldwide, the night-blooming cereus, from a large genus of tropical American cactuses noted for the translucent silken lushness of their flowers.

Paschal candle depicted in illuminated medieval manuscript

Other English terms from the Latin word for wax include cerecloth, a fabric coated with wax and formerly used to wrap the dead. In anatomy one may study a ceruminous gland, one of the modified sweat glands in the ear that has evolved to produce earwax. Cerumen is the medical word for earwax.

Other Romance languages used the Latin root for candle words too, for example, Portuguese ceri and Spanish cirio. English once had forms like cerge and serge but both words became obsolete at the start of the seventeenth century. The French adjective ciré ‘having a waxed or waxy finish’ is sometimes used in the English of artistic description.

There is a Greek reflex of the Latin form cera ‘wax’ that gives us the English word kerosene, namely keros Greek ‘wax, beeswax’ + -ene chemical suffix indicating an unsaturated compound.

An automatic votive candle dispensing machine at the holy shrine of Lourdes. Let’s pick up the pace of those miracles. Yee-haw! Move that line of crippled penitents along! The sign in the upper left reads «Un cierge c’est une prière qui se prolonge. » ‘A candle is a prolonged prayer.’

To conclude, I wish for all an interval of paschal repose.

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

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Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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An early Noli Me Tangere by Il Bronzino, 1540, Florentine mannerist, Casa Buonarroti, Firenze. Noli me tangere is Latin, from Saint Jerome’s Vulgate for “Don’t touch me!” Christ said this to Mary Magdalene and the moment in which the words were spoken was a popular subject for religious paintings and was a familiar trope in Gregorian chant. The quotation is from John 20:17, best known in the orotund simplicity of Jacobean diction in which is couched the King James version of the New Testament (1612 CE): “Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.”

In an attempt to subdue the probably misogynist import of the statement, putting down female intrusion into holy matters, some modern English bibles translate it as “Do not disturb me” or “Do not interfere with me.” But that is NOT what the Latin means. It is nonsense to imagine that some of that loathing of women which perfused and befouled early Christianity was not a hateful leaking-in from Judaism. Consider only the still-in-use Jewish morning prayer where men are commanded to pray to their deity with the words, “And thank you, God, for not making me a woman.” Modern misogyny? Check out the Vatican and the U.S. Republican party.

   

 

 

 

“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

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Shocking Origin of the Word Easter

 

Together with Certain Paschal Obscurities

 

Before offering you choice paschal obscurities (rare Easter words), let’s etymologize the important festival of the Christian Church which commemorates the resurrection of Christ, and corresponds to the Jewish Pesach or Passover. For a good discussion of the origin and etymology of the Hebrew word Pesach, click-visit this site:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passover

Easter, our modern English word stems directly from the Old English or Anglo-Saxon word Eastre or Eostre. The Angles, the Saxons, and the Jutes had no dictionary to standardize spelling and so orthographical variation ran wild, much as Eostre did, sporting nymphlike through the woodlands of spring.

There are several cogent origins of the word Easter. I explain them below.

All Hail, Eostre!

Eostre was a Germanic goddess. In all the lovingly museumed depictions of ancient British, Celtic and European deities, we have no surviving image of Eostre and she is mentioned only once in ancient literature, in the writings of the always pious Venerable Bede. But Eostre’s name tells us she was a Teutonic goddess of dawn. Her name originated in Old Teutonic, from *austrôn- ‘dawn.’ *Austrôn can evolve into Eostre. What we know with certainty is that the Christian Easter celebration took its name from Eostur-monath, the Anglo-Saxon word for the month of April, literally Eostre-month.

Who then was this fair goddess Eostre? A coy and modest damsel tiptoeing in divinely sequined velvet slippers through vernal dells, all the while sprinkling with dew yon awakening posies? Probably not. She was more likely The Wanton Slut of the Spring Rut, a lubricious deity who smiled upon and encouraged the potent surge of returning fertility. The Anglo-Saxons celebrated her lustful advent at the spring solstice, the vernal equinox, as part of the worship of a pagan deity who brought teeming uberousness back to the land and to the groin after a morose winter of vegetal and bodily moping.

 

Eostre-oid maiden cavorting in springtime?

The name Easter may have been adopted during a time when Christians were attempting to convert new followers by highlighting the similarities between Christianity and pagan religions. The story of Christ’s resurrection, the focal point of the Easter holiday, has much in common with the rebirth stories of pagan tradition.

The most sober and linguistically compelling root word of Easter is however probably a source based on Germanic forms of East, forms like Ost, Osten, the Germanic Easter word Oster and Old High German ostarun which means literally ‘easterly celebration times.’

The sun rises in the East. In many languages the word for dawn, daybreak, even daylight stems from a word meaning ‘east.’ The sun returned in glory during the spring. What better time of year then to celebrate “eastern springy stuff.”

A Proto-Germanic root for east is cognate with many other east/dawn words in other Indo-European languages. For example, all the PIE dawn words like Latin aurora (think of aurora borealis, literal meaning? ‘northern dawn’), Epic Greek ώς and Attic ως eos ‘dawn.’ Think of English scientific words like palaeozoology’s name for the earliest horse, eohippus ‘dawn-horse,’ or the Eocene era. Sanskrit for ‘dawn’ is usas and Avestan is usah.

Of course, in most modern European languages, the word for Easter was borrowed directly from the Hebrew word for Passover, pesach. Consider Greek pascha, Latin pascha, French Pâques, Italian Pasqua, Spanish Pascua and Dutch pask. English has a technical adjective from theology, paschal ‘of Easter.’ A delightful Old English term named the paschal lamb, ostarfrisking.

 

Cognate Word Related to Eostre But Less Likely as A Source

This questing etymologist looks at the classical Greek word oistros, not for an origin, but for a cognate, that is, a word born from the same Indo-European root as Eostre then Easter.

Oistros was a large European horsefly whose painful bite drew blood and caused cattle to run wild, even stampede. The insect’s Victorian zoological name was Tabanus bovinus, where tabanus is the Latin word for horsefly or gadfly. Today Oestrus is the genus name of the common botfly, a similarly nasty little insect whose larvae are parasites in mammal tissues and body cavities, mammals such as humans, horses, and cows.

English-speakers know the ancient Greek word in more familiar dress as oestrus or estrus, its Latin forms. In modern physiology, estrus is the female equivalent of the word rut. When a female animal is “in heat” it is in estrus. In Classical Greek oistros meant ‘frenzy,’ ‘sexual rage,’ ‘ravening, slavering female lust.’ It described, for example, the scary maenads, drunken women running wild over the Greek mountains, spring-moon-mad in their ecstatic worship of Dionysus, futtering the night away in unholy orgies of forbidden lust, catching a male “chase animal,” ripping his body apart, and devouring oozing gobbets of his freshly dead flesh. Hey, girls, beats a slow bowling night!

The Greeks thought you could catch such sexual ardor from being bitten by a gadfly. Oistros meant ‘gadfly’ too. More to the point, Herodotus (Histories ch.93.1) uses oistros to describe the desire of fish to spawn. So its root meaning is probably ‘rage’ with a later semantic overlay of ‘raging, powerful sexual urge.’

That’s something pagan peoples celebrated every spring, the upsurge of sap in tree and plant and human. The Anglo-Saxons Eosturmonath was Sex Surge Month, not as dainty as April perhaps, but much more to the pagan point.

 

Rare Easter Terms

 1. Suppedaneum

A suppedaneum was a foot support for someone being crucified. Made of wood, it projected out from the upright, vertical stake of the crucifix. The Italian painter Giotto often shows a suppedaneum as a detail in his paintings of the Crucifixion, like the one shown below.

Suppedaneum is a Medieval Latin compound word from Latin sub ‘under’ + Latin pes, pedis ‘foot’ + noun and adjectival suffix ‘-aneus, -anea, -aneum.’

 

2. Cereus

Our Easter term is cereus paschalis which is the ecclesiastical Latin name for the Easter taper or candle used in paschal ceremonies. The Latin root is cereus ‘waxen’ or its later form cerius ‘made of wax,’ adjectives from the basic Latin word cera ‘wax.’

The same Latin etymon gives Old French forms like cerge and cirge and modern French cierge ‘votive candle,’ longue chandelle de cire que l’on brûle dans les églises, une bougie utilisée dans les cémonies religieuses.

Also derived from the same Latin word is a greenhouse plant known to growers of succulents worldwide, the night-blooming cereus, from a large genus of tropical American cactuses noted for the translucent silken lushness of their flowers.

Paschal candle depicted in illuminated medieval manuscript

Other English terms from the Latin word for wax include cerecloth, a fabric coated with wax and formerly used to wrap the dead. In anatomy one may study a ceruminous gland, one of the modified sweat glands in the ear that has evolved to produce earwax. Cerumen is the medical word for earwax.

Other Romance languages used the Latin root for candle words too, for example, Portuguese ceri and Spanish cirio. English once had forms like cerge and serge but both words became obsolete at the start of the seventeenth century. The French adjective ciré ‘having a waxed or waxy finish’ is sometimes used in the English of artistic description.

There is a Greek reflex of the Latin form cera ‘wax’ that gives us the English word kerosene, namely keros Greek ‘wax, beeswax’ + -ene chemical suffix indicating an unsaturated compound.

An automatic votive candle dispensing machine at the holy shrine of Lourdes. Let’s pick up the pace of those miracles. Yee-haw! Move that line of crippled penitents along! The sign in the upper left reads «Un cierge c’est une prière qui se prolonge. » ‘A candle is a prolonged prayer.’

To conclude, I wish for all an interval of paschal repose.

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad