kredyt bank konskie pożyczki od osób prywatnych opole kredyt konsolidacyjny nordea oprocentowanie kalkulator odsetek od pożyczki gofin kredyt konsolidacyjny ing forum pożyczki na długi okres bez bik kredyt poznań kredyty mieszkaniowe 2014 rok pożyczki prywatne dąbrowa górnicza udzielanie pożyczki a vat przedłużenie spłaty pożyczki wonga kredyt bank oferta lokat kredyt bank w bzwbk umorzenie pożyczki a darowizna cesja wierzytelności z umowy pożyczki forma prawna pożyczki kredyt banku pko pożyczki jastrzębie zdrój pożyczki sezam całą polska kredyt bank wrocław strzegomska godziny otwarcia kredyt bank warszawa zoliborz kredyt bank kolegialna 22 kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator bph pożyczki na rozpoczęcie działalności lubań kredyty pod zastaw mieszkania bocian pożyczki śrem kredyt bank warszawa ul żeromskiego kredyt bank zytnia wzór umowy pożyczki między firmami kredyt bank grodzisk mazowiecki kontakt kredyt bank wymiana kart kredyty chwilówki tarnów bema kredyt mieszkaniowy dla studenta 2013 pożyczki na pit bez bik pożyczki dla osób z zajęciem komorniczym kredyt bez zaświadczeń o dochodach bez bik szybka pożyczka 20tysięcy obsługa w domu kredyt chwilówka jaworzno kredyt bank wyciag z konta umowa pożyczki z jedynym wspólnikiem pożyczki bez bik 20000 pożyczki gotówkowe na dowód osobisty pożyczki w domu klienta włocławek kredyt w przeźmierowie pożyczki do domu bocian kredyt bankowy pdf kredyt bank regulamin umorzenie pożyczki pozew kredyt bez biku i zaswiadczen wyłudzenie pożyczki w providencie kredyt bez bik na auto pożyczki do 100 zł kredyt w banku spółdzielczym a bik kredyt bankowy forum potrzebuję ów kredyt kredyt bank kartuska kredyt bez bik stargard kredyt na dom w uk forum pożyczki od udziałowca w bilansie rola kredytu w finansach banku pozyczki prywatne bez zaswiadczen bez bik i krd tczew kara za niezgłoszenie pożyczki do urzędu skarbowego pożyczki jeremie opinie pożyczki lombardowe pod zastaw nieruchomości udzielenie pożyczki pkwiu pożyczki ratunkowe opole pożyczki chwilówki za 0 część pożyczki państwowej kredyt bez bik w toruniu umowa pożyczki opłata pcc kredyt bank w lomzy w jakim banku kredyt konsolidacyjny forum kredyt bank gwarancje kredyt bank trojmiasto kredyt bank papiery dłużne kredyty chwilówki zabrze 3 maja banki które daja kredyt bez bik kredyty bez bik 5000 kredyt bez bik idea bank umowa o kredyt prosty wzór kredyty chwilówki tychy budowlanych bocian pożyczki przez internet kredyt getin bank online pożyczki pod zastaw chrzanów pożyczki bez bik inowrocław przedawnienie pożyczki odnawialnej kredyty w nordea bank pożyczki prywatne zdunska wola cesja umowy pożyczki pcc kredyt bank jarosław kredyt bank warszawa grójecka 45 kredyt bank kostrzyn kredyt bank warszawa ursus kredyt bankowy dla msp kredyt bez zaświadczeń o zarobkach forum kredyt bank pszów progresja pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki kwidzyn istota pożyczki forum pożyczki gotówkowe umorzenie pożyczki w walucie kredyt bez bik wniosek pożyczki do 5000 bez bik kredyty bez bik i zabezpieczeń kredyt bez bik w łodzi getin kredyt samochodowy forum kredyty chwilówki tychy jana pawła ii hortus pożyczki siedlce kredyty pozabankowe naklo nad notecia pożyczki pozabankowe rzeszów broker kredyt bez bik na konto najtańsze kredyty mieszkaniowe forum kredyt bank wrocław telefon umorzenie odsetek od pożyczki skutki podatkowe kredyt bank 10 pożyczki dla bezrobotnych na działalność optima pożyczki praca opinie pożyczki wewnętrzne banki udzielajace kredytu bez biku kredyty chwilówki strzelin pożyczki gotówkowe długoterminowe udzielanie pożyczki przez gminę kredyt konsolidacyjny fm bank kredyt bank w jarocinie kredyty bez bik kalkulator chwilówki gliwice pożyczki gliwice chwilówki knurów bocian pożyczki bez bik kredyt bank adres do korespondencji wzór umowy pożyczki dla pracownika kredyt bank krakowskie przedmieście lublin kredyty chwilówki dla zadłużonych kredyty bez bik ostrowiec sw pożyczki z urzędu pracy 2013 kredyt kielce pożyczki gotówkowe bez bik przez internet gdzie najłatwiej dostać kredyt bez bik pożyczki na duży procent pożyczki przez internet bez biku i krd umorzenie pożyczki mieszkaniowej z zfśs pożyczki w cieszynie pożyczki prywatne gniezno banki kredyty ekologiczne scarabeusz pozyczki piotrkow umowa pożyczki bankowej wzór forum kredytowe kredyty mieszkaniowe podatek od pożyczki udzielonej przez wspólnika actum pożyczki pożyczki kępno dziedziczenie pożyczki udzielenie pożyczki księgowanie umowy pożyczki po angielsku kredyt ze wsparciem unijnym idea bank forum kredyt chwilówka wrocław jedności narodowej kalkulator kredytu gotówkowego bank pocztowy kredyt bankowy rodzina na swoim pożyczki pod zastaw sieradz w jakim banku nie brac kredytu drobne pożyczki gdańsk pożyczki bez bik praca pleszew biuro kredytowe kredyt bank rumia janowo jak udzielić pożyczki kredyt gotówkowy bankier umowa pożyczki od akcjonariusza pronus pożyczki jak wyglądają pożyczki w providencie jakie dokumenty do kredytu mieszkaniowego w pko bp kredyt bank pionki pożyczki na rozpoczęcie działalności gospodarczej naliczanie odsetek od pożyczki z zfśs szukam pożyczki dla zadłużonych wynagrodzenie w kredyt banku optima sa pożyczki opinie udzielilem pozyczki nieoprocentowanej uzasadnienie pożyczki remontowej kredyt udzielany według prawa bankowego umowa pożyczki essentialia negotii pożyczki movum szczecin pożyczki dla wspólnot mieszkaniowych pożyczki pod zastaw opolskie optima pożyczki na konto pożyczki na telefon 24 pożyczki pod aktywa pożyczki publiczne opodatkowanie umorzonej pożyczki kod kredytowy w orange kredyt konsolidacyjny w alior banku forum pożyczki gotówkowe na dowód warszawa kredyt bank białystok ul warszawska pożyczki prow kredyt bankowy a kredyt kupiecki kredyt konsolidacyjny w alior banku forum pożyczki prywatne pod weksel śląsk kredyt bank łódż kredyt konsolidacyjny na oświadczenie kredyt bank toruń tel kredyt z komornikiem wroclaw kredyt bank bankomaty gdańsk kredyty bez biku krakow pożyczki nakło nad notecią pozyczka pieniezna w dublinie kredyt studencki w wbk pożyczki na dowód świdnica pożyczki porównywarka kredyt studencki bank pocztowy kredyt konsolidacyjny oferty banków czy w paribas kredyt jest bez bik kredyt bank racibórz godziny otwarcia kredyt bank otwock karczewska kredyt bank pakiet zdobywcy kredyt bank łuków kontakt kredyt bankowy po angielsku pożyczki na wakacje kredyt studencki bank pko bp kredyty pozabankowe katowice kredyt bank radzymińska godziny otwarcia druk umowy pożyczki gotówki druk zwrotu pożyczki asper pożyczki elbląg szybkie pożyczki przez internet umowa pożyczki pieniędzy w rodzinie wzór kamila ignasiak pożyczki kredyt bez bik na zaswiadczenie pożyczki na dowód bez zaswiadczen o zarobkach kredyt bank trzcianka godziny otwarcia kredyt bank trójmiasto ubezpieczenie pożyczki pko bp pożyczki bez bik i krd zamość pożyczki prywatne olkusz pozyczka na dowod bez biku zary ekspresowe pożyczki wrocław bez big bik i krd kredyt bank w kolobrzegu kredyty dla zadłużonych w uk pożyczki długoterminowe wikipedia bielsko kredyty nie bankowe kredyt bank bydgoszcz modrzewiowa kontakt adler pożyczki wzór na odsetki od pożyczki z zfśs pożyczka plus kłodzko kredyt bank bialystok warszawska kredyt bank w otwocku kredyty chwilówki gliwice opinie presto pożyczki kredyt gotówkowy bank pocztowy kalkulator asper pożyczki toruń kredyt z komornikiem maz kredyty mieszkaniowe oblicz ratę udzielę pożyczki prywatnej gdańsk umowa pożyczki pieniędzy między firmami wzór brak zdolności kredytowej kredyt bank jastrzębia góra usługi finansowe pożyczki pozyczka na wysoki procent na dowod nowy sacz kredyt bez bik w skok kwota pożyczki wolna od podatku 2006 pozyczki internetowe bez sprawdzania bik i krs pożyczki bez bik pierwsza za darmo kredyt bank radomsko telefon pozyczki bez bik erif krd radom pożyczki prywatne pożyczki dla bezrobotnych 2014 bocian pożyczki szczecin pożyczki dla mikroprzedsiębiorstw lublin kredyt konsolidacyjny wbk kredyt konsolidacyjny expander pożyczki chwilówki wałbrzych umowa pożyczki w formie ustnej kod kredytowy orange promesa udzielenia pożyczki kredyt bank kursy walut szybkie pożyczki bez bik kredyt odnawialny w banku wbk umowa pożyczki ceny transferowe szybkie pożyczki dla rolników auto kredyt bez bik forum szczecin bank bos czas oczekiwania na kredytdla singli kredyty pod zastaw mieszkania lubań pszczółka pożyczki obliczenie odsetek od pożyczki kredyt gotówkowy bez sprawdzania bik kredyt getin bank online opodatkowanie pożyczki dla osoby fizycznej kredyt bez bik do 30 tys marka pożyczki praca szybkie pożyczki bez zaświadczeń w uk pożyczki parabanki kredyt bank euro kurs pożyczki skok piast kredyt bank kraj pochodzenia pożyczki łódź bez bik pożyczki bez bik w zduńskiej woli kredyt konsolidacyjny bez nieruchomości kredyt w banku warunki kredyt bank kościuszki łódź pożyczki z sektora pozabankowego pożyczki pozabankowe w uk kredyt konsolidacyjny z komornikiem kredyt przez internet bez sprawdzania w bik kredyty gotówkowe bez zaświadczenia o dochodach bocian pożyczki bytów umowa pożyczki pomiędzy spółkami kapitałowymi umowa pożyczki z przelewem na konto kredyt mieszkaniowy spłata przed terminem kredyty bankowe pasywa kredyt bank najgorszy odsetki od umowy pożyczki a vat activa 500 pożyczki od ręki pożyczki prywatne zdunska wola pożyczki na renty socjalne odsetki od pożyczki angielski pozabankowe pożyczki dla firm umowa pożyczki a pcc 2012 kredyt za 5 zl w orange kalkulator pożyczki gofin umowa pożyczki od wspólnika a pcc kredyt bez bik i krd wroclaw kredyt bank w wołominie pożyczki w skok stefczyka kredyt bank mobilny kredyt prostoliczony śmierć pożyczki pozabankowe pod zastaw nieruchomości szybki kredyt w banku millennium umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs księgowanie pewny kredyt konsolidacyjny pożyczki na dowód nysa kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim pko bp kredyt studencki pko poręczenie bgk witam kredyt bez bik i krd bocian pożyczki wymagane dokumenty kredyt bank 1500 pozyczki gotowkowe pock umowa pożyczki między firmami a pcc kredyt bank godziny otwarcia radom kredyt bank księgowanie wpłat kredyt bank warszawa mokotowska 49 kredyt bankowy małe i średnie przedsiębiorstwa pożyczki sezam wieluń kredyt gotówkowy w banku spółdzielczym pozyczki na dowód kraków kredyt bank wolbrom kod orange na kredyt kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator pko kredyty bankowe krakow kruk pożyczki kontakt pożyczki podporządkowane w bilansie kredyt bank poznan oddzialy kredyty mieszkaniowe z dopłatą rządową 2013 pożyczki dla firm z sektora pozabankowego pożyczki bez bik kraków kredyt bank wolontariat pracowniczy kredyt konsolidacyjny 40000 kredyt konsolidacyjny w kb prywatne pozyczki bez baz kraków kredyt samochodowy bank pko sa pożyczki chwilówki przez internet bez prowizji kredyt bank falenica kredyt bank kampania telefoniczna pożyczki bez bik kwidzyn kredyt bank w ciechocinku kredyt remontowy w banku pekao sa pokwitowanie odbioru pożyczki wzór bocian pożyczki lubsko kurs euro wg kredyt bank sa ewidencja umorzenia pożyczki potrzebna pozyczka na dpwud w kwocie 20 tys bez biku czy latwo dostac kredyt w banku pocztowym kredyty chwilówki stalowa wola okulickiego pożyczki hybrydowe pożyczki na pit 37 kredyt orange pod numer kredyt bank m1 kraków kontakt pożyczki w banku kredyt bank w gorlicach pro domo pożyczki kołobrzeg kredyt mieszkaniowy w banku spoldzielczym w jakim banku najłatwiej dostać kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyt bank łowicz telefon bocian pożyczki iława pożyczki społecznościowe łódź wzór umowy pożyczki osoba prywatna kredyt bank sa lodz kredyty chwilówki tychy fabryczna 5 alior bank kredyt gotówkowy online kredyty chwilówki fabryczna 12 tychy kredyt bank oddział ursynów kredyt bank w szczecinku kredyt bank częstochowa adres pokwitowanie pożyczki wzór wniosek o umorzenie pożyczki mieszkaniowej wzór udzielenie pożyczki spółce przez udziałowca kredyt bank piastów kredyt bank krasnystaw godziny otwarcia kaska pożyczki opinie cash flow pożyczki kredyt banki sieradz mariusz wasilewski pożyczki kredyt bank lokaty wrzesien 2013 kredyty bez bik skarzysko kalkulator pozyczek euro providus kredyt konsolidacyjny w meritum bank opinie pod jaki numer wysyła się kredyt w orange pomocne pożyczki opinie kara za niezgłoszenie umowy pożyczki gdzie można dostać kredyt bez bik pożyczki chwilówki kredytum kredyt konsolidacyjny a krd kredyt w millenium bank pożyczki prywatne ełk długoterminowe kredyty pozabankowe kredyty konsolidacyjne artykuł szybkie pożyczki w domu klienta warszawa kredyt bez bik i krd na samochod kredyt bank24 pożyczki bez bik na pit umowa pożyczki między osobami fizycznymi pcc pożyczki chwilówki dla firm forum dobrej pożyczki kredyt bank toruń tel kredyt w pko bp forum bocian pożyczki podobne kredyty online bez biku pożyczki okey nobilon pożyczki opinie kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator bank zachodni odsetki od pożyczki od udziałowca księgowanie pożyczki oświecim kredyt bank powstańców śląskich 108a kredyty konsolidacyjne ranking 2012 kredyty bez bik na mieszkanie spłata pożyczki angielski pożyczki online pożyczki zamiast dotacji kredyt bez bik radom alfa kredyty chwilówki kredyt bank lublin pożyczki na niski dochód odsetki od pożyczki cienka kapitalizacja kredyt bank sa wałbrzych formularz pożyczki gotówkowej kredyt bank warszawa kasprzaka godziny otwarcia pożyczki na dowód jawor pożyczki chwilówki słupsk kredyty mieszkaniowe z dopłatami kredyt bankowy książka kredyt bank fundusze nieruchomości umowa pożyczki pieniędzy dla spółki wzór kredyt bez biku bez zaswiadczen kredyt kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator pro domo pozyczki kolobrzeg kredyt w pszczolce inowroclaw kredyt bez bik 5 tys kredyty bez bik legnica związki zawodowe w kredyt banku easy cash pożyczki opinie pożyczki bezzwrotne pożyczki gotówkowe dla pracujących za granicą kredyt konsolidacyjny porównanie umowa pożyczki przez udziałowca sprzedaż kredyt banku santander 2012 pożyczki w domu klienta gorzów wlkp pożyczki jst pożyczki bez bik z obsługą w domu walkiria pożyczki kredyt bank warszawa rudnickiego kredyt bez bik żyrardów pko bp kredyt mieszkaniowy opinie chce wziasc 15000 tysiecy kredytu w pko bp pożyczki gotówkowe pozabankowe bez bik oprocentowanie pożyczki na cele mieszkaniowe z zfśs szybki kredyt w jakim banku najlepiej wziasx pożyczki na procent poznań marża banku kredyt pożyczki pod zastaw ruchomości pożyczka pod zastaw kielce umowa pożyczki rejestracja w urzędzie skarbowym rentowność pożyczki profi credit pożyczki kredyty chwilowki pruszcz gdanski kredyt konsolidacyjny oplaca sie oprocentowanie pożyczki pracowniczej pożyczki chwilówki bez zaświadczeń kredyt konsolidacyjny w citibank pożyczki pro domo płock bocian pożyczki żywiec kredyt bank departament prawny prywatne pożyczki w lublinie jak zaksięgować umorzenie odsetek od pożyczki pożyczki prywatne bochnia kredyty chwilówki śrem kredyty chwilówki czy sprawdzają bik kredyt mieszkaniowy jaki bank opinie kredyt bank w cieszynie kredyty chwilówki bytom piłsudskiego pożyczki lubań dobranie pożyczki ing umowa pożyczki skok pożyczki pozabankowe goleniów bank pko bp kredyt na mieszkanie pożyczki namysłów pożyczki warka

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad