kredyty chwilówki szopienice kredyt bank 24 godziny otwarcia pożyczki chwilówki łuków kredyt bank wyliczenie raty umowa pożyczki między małżonkami wzór kredyt pod zastaw mieszkania wrocław konwersja pożyczki na kapitał zakładowy księgowanie pożyczki wałbrzych na umowe zlecenie bank pko bp warunki kredytu w jakim banku wziac kredyt forum pożyczki na dowód radom pożyczki gotówkowe dla nowych firm bank pko kredyt na mieszkanie kredyty chwilówki konto kredyt bank pulawska 303 kredyty i pożyczki w uk kredyt przez internet bez bik i krd kredyt bank autoryzacja pozyczki inne niz prowident pożyczki hajnówka kredyt bank kołobrzeska 12 kredyt getin bank samochodowy karr pożyczki kredyty mieszkaniowe na 100 wartości kredyt gotówkowy bez biku kutno pożyczki gotówkowe w holandii auto kredyt bez biku prodomo pożyczki toruń pożyczki bez bik rzeszów niezgłoszenie pożyczki od rodziny kredyt bank gamma w jakim banku korzystny kredyt pożyczki z internetu kredyt bank bławatna gdynia marża banku kredyt w euro pożyczki transfer umowa pożyczki prawo kredyty bez biku na oświadczenie umowa pożyczki pod zastaw działki kredyt bez bik i big online pozyczki krosos windykacja kredyty bez bik krd na pit 11 kredyty bez bik ciechanów pożyczki online 18 lat getin bank kredyt bez zaswiadczen pożyczki chwilówki wodzisław śląski wypowiedzenie kredytu getin bank eurocash pożyczki kraków kredyty chwilowki pl bez bik kredyty bankowe bilans szybki kredyt pozabankowy przez internet kredyt bank szczecinek godziny otwarcia kredyt jako produkt bankowy optima pożyczki kołobrzeg pożyczki bez biku na oświadczenie pożyczki gotówkowe bez zabezpieczeń pożyczki online bez bik pożyczki chwilówki limanowa kredyt bank zana odmowa przyjęcia pożyczki oprocentowanie nominalne pożyczki pozyczka pozabankowa na splate chwilowek w bialymstoku pożyczki radom kredyty umowa pożyczki a użyczenia pożyczki mława kredyt bank 9 oddział warszawa kredyty chwilówki rzeszów kredyt idea bank dla firm kredyt w anglii na niski procent pożyczki prywatne łódź kredyt bank address kredyt bank międzyzdroje kredyt bank lodz bednarska szybkie pożyczki prywatne pod weksel kredyt bank hasło kredyt oddłużeniowy w banku kredyt bank oliwa kredyt bez bik 50000 pożyczki bez zaświadczeń kielce kto udziela pozyczek bez bik żyrafa pożyczki kontakt oddzialy kredyt banku w warszawie pozyczki w domu żnin kredyt konsolidacyjny płock pożyczki pozabankowe w gorzowie wlkp kredyty bez bik i zabezpieczeń jaki kredyt pozabankowy pożyczki dla bezrobotnych na działalność kredyty bez biku mysłowice umowa pożyczki pozew alior bank kredyt pod zastaw pozyczka w domu wołów kredyt dla banku nabywcy kredyt samochodowy bez bik szczecin pożyczki kokos czy kredyty chwilówki sprawdzają bik kredyt bank rachunek spłat kalkulator pożyczki bankowej konwersja pożyczki na kapitał zakładowy a odsetki getin bank kredyt gotówkowy online kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator multibank kredyty na auto bez bik umowa pożyczki bez notariusza pożyczka na oświadczenie przez internet kredyty chwilówki sucha beskidzka kredyt w banku jaki procent kredyt studencki pko żyrant kredyty mieszkaniowe najniższe oprocentowanie kredyt pozabankowy na zakup samochodu pozyczki na procent pila dobre pożyczki gotówkowe umowa pożyczki na rachunek bankowy kredyt bank consumer finance udzielę pożyczki pod weksel poznań alior bank kredyt gotówkowy symulacja prywatne pożyczki kraków pożyczki bez bik chwilówki kredyt bank szczecin wyzwolenia godziny otwarcia pożyczki przez internet bez biku i krd pożyczki pozabankowe leszno bankomaty kredyt bank gliwice pożyczki prywatne z dostawą do domu kredyt inwestycyjny w idea banku pożyczki w bankach bez bik pożyczka w kredyt banku opinie kredyty chwilówki racibórz pożyczka pod zastaw auta zdunska wola kredyt bez bik bez zgody małżonka pożyczki pozabankowe w gorzowie wlkp kredyt przez internet bez wychodzenia z domu 24h księgowania przelewów w kredyt banku kredyt konsolidacyjny na spłatę komornika księgowanie spłaty pożyczki z zfśs pożyczki gotówkowe lubin kredyt bez biku żywiec kredyt bank w kołobrzegu mariusz kowalski kredyty bydgoszcz te pożyczki kredyt w banku hsbc uk capital partners pożyczki jak zaksięgować zaciągnięty kredyt bankowy wypowiedzenie umowy pożyczki przez pożyczkobiorcę kredyt bank godziny otwarcia pożyczki na procent od osób prywatnych katowice santander kredyt samochodowy wcześniejsza spłata pożyczki pozabankowe wągrowiec szybki kredyt gotówkowy bez bik kredyt konsolidacyjny bez bik ciechanow pożyczki na procent śląskie pożyczki na dowód bez biku kredyt konsolidacyjny ing opinie szybkie pożyczki wrocław pożyczki pozabankowe umowa pożyczki z rodziną kredyt bankowy teoria kredyty bez bik w domu umowa pożyczki osoba fizyczna pożyczki ślimak pożyczki bez bik z mini ratą kredyt bank sprzedaż santander umowa pożyczki odzyskanie pieniędzy wzór umowy pożyczki podporządkowanej gdzie otrzymam kredyt bez bik ktory bank da kredyt mieszkaniowy dla zadluzonych bocian pożyczki jaki procent pozyczka chwilowka w 15 min wroclaw umowa pożyczki druk darmowy kredyt bank winogrady kredyt mieszkaniowy w pko bp opinie pożyczki społecznościowe opodatkowanie kredyt bank gwarancje skarbu państwa pożyczka bez zdolności kredytowej kredyt bez bik elbląg kredyty bez bik lębork księgowanie przelewów w kredyt banku nowe pożyczki chwilówki pożyczki na dowód bez dochodu pożyczki ze złą historią w bik pożyczki pozabankowe na dowód bez bik pozyczka dla zadłużonych pożyczki na telefon bez bik kredyt bank oprocentowanie kart kredytowych kredyty bez bik we wrocławiu kredyt konsolidacyjny na oświadczenie o dochodach kredyt bank wpłata kody do orange na kredyt wniesienie aportem pożyczki kredyty chwilówki 5000 gwarant pozyczki piotrkow kredyt bank ostrów maz kredyt bank koszalin zwycięstwa kredyt bank wykaz bankomatów kredyt na mieszkanie jaki bank forum umowa pożyczki na samochód pozyczka bez bik szczecin oferta pożyczki dla firm bph kredyt bank oferty pracy warszawa kredyt bank pułtusk godziny otwarcia kredyt a bankowy rejestr pożyczki w ramach grupy kapitałowej kredyt bank medicover regulamin pożyczki skok pożyczki pod zastaw przemyśl pożyczka 6000 bez infomonitora kredyt samochodowy paribas bank kredyt mieszkaniowy powyżej 100 pożyczki ślimak poznań kredyty konsolidacyjne wbk bank millennium kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator jak wyliczyć odsetki od udzielonej pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny ranking banków pożyczki do domu słupsk proste pożyczki gotówkowe kredyty chwilowki bytom kredyt bank v oddział w warszawie kredyty w pko bp sa pożyczki z urzędu pracy kredyt bez bik zielona góra optima direct pożyczki pozyczki bez bik i krd numerz tel umowa pożyczki z jedynym wspólnikiem duet pożyczki rzeszów w jakim banku brać kredyt rodzina na swoim kredyt na start bez biku kredyt chwilówka pyskowice umowa pożyczki jakie opłaty zasady dostania kredytu na dom w northern ireland czy umowa pożyczki ulega przedawnieniu kredyty bez bik oddłużeniowe współpraca szybki kredyt bez zaświadczeń forum najtańsze pożyczki w banku pożyczki prywatne wrocław forum wzór na odsetki od pożyczki z zfśs kredyty pozabankowe lodz umowa pożyczki spółce umowa pożyczki firmowej kredyty bez biku w plocku kredyt konsolidacyjny bank zachodni wbk oprocentowanie efektywne pożyczki kredyty bez bik gdynia tanie kredyty mieszkaniowe kalkulator kredyt bank znin kredyt bank z jakich bankomatów pożyczki w spółce cywilnej kredyt pozabankowy bez bik forum szybkie pożyczki bez bik online pożyczki pozabankowe leszno pożyczki ranking 2012 pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu rzeszów pożyczka prywatna od ręki niezgłoszenie pożyczki od rodziny umowa pożyczki spółka kredyty od reki od 18lat ostrowiec sw pożyczki chwilówki lębork kredyt bank gdzie wyplacac bez prowizji banki kredyty pozyczki pożyczki chwilówki bez bik ranking umowa pożyczki pod warunkiem kredyt bank busko godziny otwarcia kredyt samochodowy w banku bgż kredyt bank pocztowy opinie odmowa pożyczki kredyty chwilówki łódź piotrkowska kredyt konsolidacyjny w eurobanku forum pożyczki na dowód skok stefczyka bocian pożyczki goleniów kredyt mieszkaniowy pierwsze mieszkanie provident spłata pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny santander bank bocian pożyczki przyznawalność kredyt firmowy idea bank opinie kredyty chwilówki chrzanów praca kredyt bank kto kupił awaria systemu w kredyt banku kredyt bank konstancińska godziny otwarcia kredyty chwilówki żywiec kredyt bank kraków oddziały pożyczki pozabankowe z niskim oprocentowaniem kredyt bank sa centrala w warszawie pokwitowanie odbioru kwoty pożyczki kredyt mieszkaniowy w millenium bank kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zabezpieczeń na 10 lat opodatkowanie umorzonej pożyczki z zfśs kredyty preferencyjne banki kredyt konsolidacyjny wniosek online kredyt studencki bank pekao sa rachunek depozytowy w kredyt banku kredyty konsolidacyjne z komornikiem kredyty mieszkaniowe marzec 2013 kredyt bank poland kredyty chwilówki sosnowiec blachnickiego pożyczki dla firm skok kredyt bank skawina godziny otwarcia kredyt bank dzierżoniów godziny otwarcia koszt pożyczki gotówkowej kredyt bank włoclawek pozyczki w domu klienta chwilowki poznan alior bank kredyt refinansowy umowa pożyczki od spółki kredyty bez bik zory pożyczki pod zastaw auta kredyt samochodowy banki pożyczki everest kredyt bank grojecka warszawa kredyt zagraniczny opinie kredyt bank lokaty 2014 kredyt bank 24 bocian pożyczki pożyczki gotówkowe bez bik wrocław pożyczki w domu śląsk kredyt bez bik kutno pozyczka wonga uk miś pożyczki pożyczki bez dokumentów kredyt w uk tesco pożyczki bez krd i bik umowa pożyczki ze spłatą w ratach kredyt bank warszawa fieldorfa pożyczki prywatne lublin pożyczki bez bik 6000 kredyt bank mobile kredyt bez bik białystok kredyty chwilowki wroclaw kredyty bez bik erif krd umowa pożyczki inwestycyjnej kredyt bank foksal ubezpieczenie umowy pożyczki oprocentowanie pożyczki kalkulator kredyt mieszkaniowy wrocław pozyczki pozabankowe 7 pożyczki wfośigw jak splacic komornika jaki bank udziela kredytu kredyty bez bik z komornikiem pożyczki częstochowa kredyt samochodowy fortis bank opinie pożyczki gotówkowe kalkulator kredyty samochodowe bez bik i krd kalkulator raty kredytu mieszkaniowego rodzina na swoim kredyt w banku bph forum pożyczki panda opole kredyt bank placówki warszawa godziny otwarcia pożyczki w parabankach bocian pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt z komornikiem piekary sl pożyczki bez zaświadczeń poznań kredyty bankowe gdzie w bilansie optima pożyczki grudziądz kredyt konsolidacyjny wbk bank zachodni kredyt studencki mbank pozyczki walcz bez bik pożyczki unijne 2014 wielkopolska pożyczki między firmami bocian pożyczki i podobne kredyty mieszkaniowe porównanie banków szybki kredyt bez bik 10000 pożyczki bez bik mława kiedy umowa pożyczki jest zwolniona z pcc kredyty i pożyczki długoterminowe w bilansie oferty pozyczek we wrzesni kredyt w banku czy u doradcy kredyty mieszkaniowe rodzaje kredyty bankowe i ich ewidencja kredyt samochodowy santander oprocentowanie pożyczki bocian kredyty bez bik bocian pożyczki bez bik trójmiasto kredyt bank oświęcim telefon pożyczki bez bik lubartów kredyt pozabankowy reklama kredyt banku mafia pożyczki gotówkowe dla emigrantów kredyt chwilówka współpraca kredyt bank toruń godziny otwarcia pożyczki bez bik w czestochowie kredyt bank warszawa wawelska kredyt bank ostrobramska 101 godziny otwarcia alior bank kredyt rodzina na swoim opinie kredyt studencki pko 2013 pozyczki z komornikiem i windykacja szczecin kredyty gotówkowe bez bik bydgoszcz kredyty chwilowki pozyczki nowy targ 24h przez telefon pożyczki geronimo kredyt bank windykacja nr telefonu kredyt bank oferta ror kredyty konsolidacyjne śląsk pożyczki pozabankowe pleszew bedzin kredyty bez bik i krd pożyczki gotówkowe bez zaświadczeń przez internet kredyt konsolidacyjny chorzów kredyt studencki jaki bank wybrac pożyczki gotówkowe dla osób z komornikiem pożyczki pozabankowe stalowa wola pozyczki w uk po polsku pożyczki pracownicze odsetki od pożyczki podatek zaokrąglenia kredyt dla firm w credit agricole kalkulator kosztów pożyczki pożyczki euroloan podatek pcc od pożyczki a koszty uzyskania przychodu umowa pożyczki w ratach wzór kredyt bank winogrady pożyczki bez bik i krd konin pożyczki mysłowice pożyczki chwilówki bez bik i krd pożyczka zdunska wola bez bik do 6000 zawieszenie działalności a kredyt w banku pożyczki daiglob finance bank pko bp kredyty studenckie szybki kredyt sms bez bik przedłużenie kredytu studenckiego pko bp pożyczki chwilówki zary pożyczki bez podatku podatek kredyt konsolidacyjny wcześniejsza spłata kredyt konsolidacyjny plus dodatkowa gotówka pożyczki bez bik i krd z komornikiem warszawa 2013 kredyty mieszkaniowe toruń kredyt odnawialny w ing bank śląski kredyt mieszkaniowy najkorzystniejszy pożyczki pod zastaw zgierz dukat wawa pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki bez bik i zaświadczeń kredyt mieszkaniowy bez zdolności kredytowej kredyt bank iii oddział w warszawie kredyt samochodowy bez bik i krd pożyczki online bez sprawdzania baz bank pko sa oprocentowanie kredytów pożyczki od prywatnych inwestorów pożyczki polskie kto udzieli kredytu bez bik kredyt chwilówka rawicz kalkulator kredytu konsolidacyjnego lukas bank pożyczki pozabankowe rzeszów pożyczki pko kredyt bank lubin tel kredyt w fiat bank najtanszy kredyt w banku bocian pożyczki kielce forum skarabeusz pożyczki piotrków tryb oprocentowanie pożyczki gotówkowej kredyt w anglii dla polaków forum regulamin rachunku w kredyt banku umowa pożyczki podatek kredyt bank minsk pożyczki bankowe kalkulator kredyt bank cashback kredyt bank olsztynek kredyty bez biku i zaświadczeń kredyt bank wołomin kontakt pozyczki łodz kontakt kredyt bez bik jaki bank kredyt ratalny a umowa na czas określony kredyty chwilówki opole książąt opolskich pozyczki bez bik tel kredyt mieszkaniowy oplaty pożyczki na dowód lubań kredyt bez bik włocławek szukam pożyczki prywatnej ogłoszenia 24 marka puławy pożyczki na dowód kredyty bez biku w rzeszowie lokata kredyt bank opinie akt notarialny umorzenie pożyczki dla syna kredyt bez bik otwock kredyty pozabankowe radomsko kredyt w banku spółdzielczym kredyt bank sa katowice kredyty bez biku kraków kredyt mieszkaniowy od państwa uni cash pożyczki kredyt bank oplaty prowizje pożyczki do domu kraków bocian pożyczki lębork pożyczki na dowód szybko kredyt konsolidacyjny w nordea bank umowa pożyczki pieniędzy wzór doc pożyczki oscar prywatne pozyczki na procent katowice kredyt bez bik i krd szczecin kredyt bank felczaka szczecin pożyczki na dowód credit agricole getin noble bank kredyt samochodowy forum kredyt bank tomaszów lubelski pożyczki bez rejestrów karencja pożyczki wniosek o kredyt studencki pekao sa kredyt bez bik pozabankowy umorzenie pożyczki proz bank bgż pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości pozyczki pozabankowe bez sprawdzania bik i krd porównanie kredytów samochodowych dla firm kredyt bank piotrków trybunalski godziny otwarcia kredyt bank druki kredyty bez bik pozabankowe pożyczki typu subprime pożyczki dla porozumienia centrum kredyt bez bik chorzów kredyty bez biku tychy pożyczki vivus forum kredyty mieszkaniowe forum 2014 oferta pożyczki pko bp pożyczki krapkowice

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad