kredyt bank warszawa oddziały kredyt bez bik jelenia góra szybkie pożyczki dla firm pożyczki gotówkowe ciechanów kredyt bank sa nip regon lendon pożyczka bez bik warszawa nobel za mikropożyczki kredyt bank w zawierciu opodatkowanie pożyczki od osoby fizycznej udzielę pożyczi pozyczki bez pracy kredyty bez bik erif krd pulawska kredyty chwilowki warszawa bez bik i krd pożyczki prywatne gdzie szukać kredyty mieszkaniowe z dopłatą rządową 2013 kredyt bank jakie oprocentowanie kredyty chwilówki kalkulator kredyt bez bik i komornika ewidencja odsetek od pożyczki pożyczki na dowód w pko umowa pożyczki pieniędzy urząd skarbowy pożyczki od udziałowców w bilansie pozyczki provident i inne krakow kredyty chwilówki żywiec dworcowa kredyt mieszkaniowy 100 wartości emida pożyczki prywatne pożyczki ustka pozyczka w bocianie bez bik sroda wlkp warszawa cm kredyt bank kredyty chwilówki nowy bytom umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs po śmierci pracownika pożyczki bez sprawdzania zatrudnienia pożyczki chwilówki zamość osoby prywatne udzielające pożyczki na procent w ndm umowa pożyczki firmy pożyczki działalność gospodarcza kredyty banków spółdzielczych sgb kredyty bez biku i zdolnosci kredytowej kredyt w gospodarce banku umowa pożyczki druk darmowy kredyty konsolidacyjne gdzie pożyczki gotówkowe kredyty pozabankowe elbląg kredyt bank ciechocinek godziny otwarcia pożyczki dla obcokrajowców bocian pożyczki żywiec kredyty chwilówki strzegom kredyty bez bik rzeszów pożyczka prywatna białystok ogłoszenia alior bank kredyt 5000 jaka deklaracja od umowy pożyczki udzielenie pożyczki księgowanie potrzebuję pożyczki 2014 umowa pożyczki z przechowaniem zastawu pożyczki udzielane przez gminy kredyt bank łomża piłsudskiego jak dostać kredyt bez bik kredyt konsolidacyjny w parabankach szybkie pożyczki bez krd i bik opodatkowanie pożyczki na działalność gospodarczą pożyczki pozabankowe radomsko kredyty bez bik w rybniku kredyt konsolidacyjny santander kalkulator amber gold pożyczki forum pożyczki z funduszu rozwoju przedsiębiorczości kredyt bank dietla kredyty bez bik wroclaw kredyt bank sa telefon kredyt bank inowrocław kontakt kredyt mieszkaniowy na wykup mieszkania komunalnego getin noble bank restrukturyzacja kredytu pożyczki bez biki krd kredyt bank kęty pożyczki bez bik rybnik kredyt konsolidacyjny pekao sa kalkulator umorzenie pożyczki pracownikowi a zus kredyt bank sa lublin zana kredyt bank godz otwarcia umowa pożyczki pomiędzy spółkami kredyty konsolidacyjne kalkulator kredytowy kredyt bank ekstrapremia kredyt pozabankowy gdynia czy można wziąć kredyt w zagranicznym banku kredyt bank bielsko sixta kredyt bankowy bez krd bezzwrotne pożyczki dla małych firm 2014 kredyt mieszkaniowy w credit agricole opinie pszczółka kredyt inowrocław kredyt bank bric szybkie prywatne pożyczki do ręki w olsztynie kredyty trudne bez biku i prywatne kredyty bez bik 10000 kredyt bank warszawa zytnia kredyt studencki warunki 2012 pożyczki siemianowice śląskie kredyt bank limanowa kredyt bank kielce bankomaty pożyczki typu wonga ulotki kredyty chwilówki w słupsku kredyt mieszkaniowy jaki bank opinie pozyczki skok bez info monitora kredyty bankowe książki kalkulator pożyczki citibank kredyt bank spółdzielczy pożyczki na dowód kraków kredyty pozabankowe bez bik siedlce adresy i nr tel umowa pożyczki a zgłoszenie do urzędu skarbowego kredyt bank w gryficach kredyt gotówkowy w banku pko sa pożyczki nowy sącz pożyczki gotówkowe na umowe zlecenie kredyt bez bik raty miesięczne kredyt w uk natwest pożyczki dla ludzi w bik umowa pożyczki pomiędzy osobą fizyczną a spółką pożyczka na dowód w credit agricole co sprawdzają pożyczki z funduszy europejskich kredyty chwilówki piaseczno kredyt gotówkowy bez bik gliwice kredyt mieszkaniowy w idea bank pożyczki chwilówki zasady kredyt w banku brodnickim paulina gąska pożyczki raport pożyczki kredyt bank sa oddział łódź dobranie kredytu w credit agricole kredyt bank biuro operacji i windykacji lublin pożyczki lichwiarskie wrocław pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik krd big kredyty chwilówki łomża prywatne pozyczki na weksel kredyty chwilówki nakło nad notecią kredyt bank raszyn telefon pożyczki panda opole kredyt bank w bochni godziny otwarcia kredyt bank sa infolinia pożyczki uam kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator ing kredyty bez bik i zdolności kredyt konsolidacyjny formalności kredyt bank pożyczka konsolidacyjna kredyt bez bik do 10000 jaki numer na kredyt do orange kredyt konsolidacyjny porównywarka wyłudzenie pożyczki prywatnej kredyt bank sa regon czy kredyt mieszkaniowy można odliczyć od podatku kredyt bank oszukuje błyskawiczne pożyczki przez internet umowa pożyczki przykład górna wilda pożyczki ogłoszenia pożyczki prywatne pod weksel ekspresowe pożyczki bez biku kredyt bank kurs akcji kredyt na dom prywatne kredyt bank godziny otwarcia czestochowa pożyczki na kilka dni pozyczki bez bik gliwice gotowka do reki umowa pożyczki właściwość sądu kredyt na samochód w getin banku pożyczki bez bik na raty opłaty za przelew zagraniczny kredyt bank pozyczki chwilowki bez bik na dowod krakow ul dluga pozyczki money pożyczki chwilówki bez bik białystok prodomo pożyczki nowe miasto lubawskie gdzie wziąć kredyt bez biku odmowa pożyczki umowa pożyczki od udziałowca pcc kredyt pozabankowy gdynia czy idea bank da kredyt zadluzonym opinie podatek od pożyczki czynny żal kredyt bank departament windykacji umowa pożyczki stawka pcc odsetki od pożyczki wzór kredyt bank profil spokojny pożyczki gotówkowe z bik pożyczki oddłużeniowe bez bik pożyczki pro domo pożyczki chwilówki łęczyca wałbrzych pożyczki bez bik pożyczki do 50000 kredyt mieszkaniowy firma kredyt bank dłużnicy kredyt bank ostrowiec św konto osobiste w kredyt banku opinie bank pekao sa kredyty studenckie kredyty chwilówki telefon kredyt bank bonarka kredyt w orange na jaki nr pożyczki na dowód radom umowa pożyczki nieważność kredyt konsolidacyjny najmniejsze oprocentowanie benefit pożyczki bydgoszcz pożyczki bezzwrotne dla nowych firm instytut finansowy pożyczki opinie kredyt na auto bez biku umowa pożyczki z udziałowcem pcc kredyty pozabankowe krosno kredyt z komornikiem bez opłat pożyczki radom kredyt bank bankomaty zielona góra kredyt w jakim banku najlepiej pożyczki prywatne podkarpacie kredyty mieszkaniowe bank pocztowy pożyczki na weksel kredyt bez bik bytom pożyczki dla zadłużonych w erif kredyt bez biku na dowód pożyczki gotówkowe 24h pko pożyczki gotówkowe kredyty chwilówki praca forum kredyt bank franciszkanska warszawa kredyt bez bik 10 000 w bielsku białej kredyt bank powstancow slaskich warszawa kredyt bank warszawa ul kondratowicza kredyt bank zwycięstwa białystok kredyt bank w sandomierzu kredyt bank pochodzenie ranking kredytów mieszkaniowych czerwiec 2013 pożyczki na sam dowód myszków pozyczka online w niedziele kredyt bank gdańsk suchanino godziny otwarcia kredyt bank sa oddział w słupsku kredyty gotówkowe bez zaświadczenia o dochodach kredyt bank oferty pracy kredyt bank chełm telefon kredyt gotówkowy w eurobanku kalkulator kredyt konsolidacyjny w instytucjach pozabankowych pozyczki dla zadluzonych w bik i krs idea bank kredyt samochodowy oprocentowanie pożyczki w warszawie bankomaty kredyt banku bez prowizji kredyty pozabankowe naklo nad notecia kredyt bank lokata ubezpieczeniowa warta gwarancja finan pożyczki wrocław kredyt konsolidacyjny multibank żyrafa pożyczki chwilówki opinie pożyczki głogów gdzie dostane kredyt bez sprawdzania w biku pożyczki rzeszów bez bik pożyczki w skoku stefczyka kredyty studenckie warunki otrzymania kredyty dla bezrobotnych leasing a kredyt bankowy porównanie ewidencja pożyczki z zfśs optima pożyczki piła pożyczki pod zastaw ziemi rolnej pożyczki prywatne wrocław pożyczki na dowód z komornikiem kredyt chwilówka zarobki kredyty konsolidacyjny dla firm pożyczki od osob prywatnych tychy pro domo pożyczki praca umowa pożyczki jaki procent kredyt bank kielce kościuszki 6 kredyt bank złodzieje pożyczki bez bik nysa pożyczki dla zadłużonych bez bik forum pozyczka bez biku na 20000 getin bank online kredyt samochodowy kredyt studencki oprocentowanie 2013 pro domo pożyczki szczecin kredyty mieszkaniowe symulacja rat pożyczki bez bik w 15 min getin bank kredyt samochodowy kontakt potrącenie z wynagrodzenia raty pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny 10 lat alior bank kredyt dokumenty kredyt gotówkowy w credit agricole kalkulator kredyty chwilówki koszt kredyt bank archiwum kursów walut prometeusz pożyczki kielce białystok pożyczki bez bik kredyt bank poznan morawskiego pożyczki świecie kredyt pozabankowy sosnowiec jak dostac kredyt w uk pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik na raty pożyczki w lombardach open finance pożyczki gotówkowe pożyczki chwilówki bez bik gdynia przedawnienie pożyczki od osoby prywatnej kredyt mieszkaniowy na firmę kredyty bez bik mysłowice dukat pożyczki warszawa pożyczki dla zadłużonych bez bik i krd kredyt bank sa zagiel lublin kredyty pozabankowe konin odsetki od pożyczki faktura czy nota pożyczki mieszkaniowe ranking kredyt bank routing number umowa pożyczki chwilówki ubezpieczenie pożyczki pożyczki bez bik elbląg kredyt bank bankowość elektroniczna pożyczki kruk wzór umowy na udzielenie pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki bez prowizji kredyt samochodowy dla pracujących za granicą kredyty bez bik 2012 pożyczki na dowód oświęcim kredyt konsolidacyjny aig pożyczki bez biku wałbrzych kredyty chwilówki jak otworzyć kredyt bank kursy walut archiwum bocian pozyczki walbrzych gdzie moge dostac kredyt bez biku najtanszy kredyt w ktorym banku karta kredytowa deutsche a bik pożyczki na dowód braniewo kredyt mieszkaniowy w banku bgz kredyty bez bik w olsztynie odsetki od pożyczki zfśs wzór pożyczki odnawialne udzielane przedsiębiorcom marka paslek pozyczki bankomat kredyt bank warszawa udzielę pożyczki prywatnej szczecin umowa pożyczki pieniężnej w rodzinie kredyt bank firma pożyczki prywatne bez zaswiadczen kontakt warszawa kredyt pekao sa kalkulator kredyty mieszkaniowe walutowe bocian pożyczki jelenia góra umowa pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu doc pożyczki dla firm ranking kredyty bankowe konto wynikowe czy bilansowe współpraca pożyczki bez bik kredyt bank 4 kredyt bocian glogow wzór oświadczenia o zwrocie pożyczki kredyt bank bfg kredyt konsolidacyjny bank millenium opinie kredyty pozabankowe tychy kredyt prostoliczony lukas bank kalkulator kwota pożyczki wolna od podatku 2006 kredyt mieszkaniowy walutowy kalkulator kredyt konsumpcyjny w banku spółdzielczym kredyt bank bankomaty euronet kredyt na mieszkanie bank pko lokaty w kredyt banku 2013 kredyt bankowy na rachunku bieżącym pożyczki chwilówki wrocław pożyczki bez bik tychy kredyt bank w wyszkowie mbank pożyczki dla bezrobotnych umowa pożyczki od wspólnika pcc kredyt bank zgierz godziny otwarcia kredyt w irlandii bank of ireland podatek od pożyczki dla najbliższej rodziny bank spółdzielczy kredyt forum pożyczki chwilówki chełm drobne pożyczki kredyt bank sa kredyty bez bik w siedlcach pożyczki pod weksel śląsk kredyty chwilówki zabrze kredyt bank lubin kontakt kredyt bank patriotów pożyczki pod zastaw polkowice finan pożyczki wrocław umowa pożyczki nie spłaca kredyt samochodowy dla pracujących za granicą pożyczki gotówkowe bez prowizji umowa pożyczki do spółki pożyczki pozabankowe finan bank pekao sa symulacja kredytu pożyczki na dowód bez bik pożyczki udzielone spółce przez wspólnika kredyty chwilówki sanok kredyt samochodowy bez bik i krd pożyczki bez bik i krd gorzów wlkp najtańszy kredyt samochodowy dla firm bocian pożyczki bez zaświadczeń pożyczki na dowód jawor tempo finanse pożyczki tarnobrzeg umorzenie odsetek od pożyczki wzór ustna umowa pożyczki w rodzinie kredyty chwilówki skok kredyt bank plac solny czy w paribas kredyt jest bez bik pożyczki bez bik big krd online kredyt bank włodawa kontakt w jakim banku najlepiej wziąć kredyt gotówkowy 2013 idea bank kredyt obrotowy forum pożyczki bez bik i krd włocławek oprocentowanie kredytu mieszkaniowego w pko bp kredyty bez bik w banku kredyt bank premia umowa pożyczki wspólnika dla spółki a pcc kredyty bez sprawdzania w bazie bik atiz pożyczki opinie pożyczki bez bik zgorzelec kredyty chwilówki krosno kolejowa umorzenie pożyczki walutowej kredyt pozabankowy do 5 tys pożyczki mokotowska udzielenie pożyczki przez gminę kredyt studencki jakie banki 2012 kredyt bank legnica rynek kredyt bank grudziądz godziny otwarcia kredyt bank bielawa kredyt mieszkaniowy pko wymagania pożyczki bez pcc kredyt bank warszawa ul kasprzaka 2 8 kredyt bank bic swift banki udzielajace kredytu bez biku kredyty bez sprawdzania w bazie bik pożyczki bez bik z komornikiem pożyczki na dowód bez zaświadczeń i bik pożyczki chwilówki w poznaniu kredyt bank rembertów kredyt bank wejherowo tel pozyczki victoria kredyty jelenia góra pożyczki studenckie uk kredyt konsolidacyjny bez bik szczecin niespłacony kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyty mieszkaniowe ranking 2013 kalkulator pożyczki gotówkowej bzwbk kredyt bank szczecin telefon kredyt bank bielany wrocławskie godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki vat kredyty bez bik w lodzi umorzenie pożyczki z banku opodatkowanie pożyczki w rodzinie kredyt bank duplikat karty pozyczka bialystok bez bik kredyt mieszkaniowy dla lekarza udzielanie pożyczki przez gminę umowa pożyczki dla spółki z oo kredyt od ręki bez bik i zaświadczeń pożyczki prywatne dla firm kredyt konsolidacyjny w banku slaskim pożyczki unijne 2014 wielkopolska umowa pożyczki od rodziców pozyczki na konto kredyt bank dział kadr kredyt bank ciechocinek kredyt bank świebodzin pożyczka dla młodych firm bez bik zgorzelec kredyt bank nowy targ santander consumer bank kredyt samochodowy kontakt duomax pożyczki kredyty konsolidacyjny w2014 r kredyt bank wejherowo godz otwarcia kredyt konsolidacyjny fortis bank kredyt dla firm w banku pocztowym potrzebuję pożyczki pożyczki pozabankowe na firme kiedy kredyt bankowy ulega przedawnieniu pożyczki gros kalisz kredyty bez bik i krd slask kredyt bank wycena nieruchomości kredyty chwilówki jak otworzyć kredyt samochodowy a firma kredyt bank bialystok ul warszawska kredyt bank druk zaświadczenia pożyczki chwilówki ełk szybka pozyczka kwidzyn bank kredyt bankowy ciekawostki umowa pożyczki pod zastaw mieszkania wzór kredyty chwilówki zgorzelec kredyt bank profile kredyt konsolidacyjny pułapki pożyczki bez bik co to kredyt konsolidacyjny wniosek online kredyt konsolidacyjny skok wesola kredyt bank centrala kontakt kredyty pozabankowe elbląg kredyt pozabankowy toruń pozyczki bez pracy zamortyzowany koszt pożyczki wypowiedzenie umowy pożyczki przez pożyczkodawcę darowizna pożyczki kredyty bez bik i us kredyty dla studentów wbk kredyt bez sprawdzania w bik prywatny kredyt na dowod bez dochody online kredyty bez biku radom kredyt bank w lomzy kalkulator pożyczki citibank ekspreskasa pożyczka na dowód kto bierze pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt bank w rzeszowie godziny otwarcia w jakim banku brac kredyt praca w bocian pożyczki forum oświadczenie o spłacie pożyczki z zfśs umorzenie spłaty pożyczki z zfśs pożyczki prywatne śląskie umowa pożyczki od 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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad