pożyczki udzielone i należności własne pożyczki prywatne kokos kredyt bank i santander niespłacanie pożyczki w provident kredyt konsolidacyjny gdzie najlatwiej dostac szybki kredyt bez bik forum kredyt bez biku torun umowa pożyczki charakterystyka kredyt bez bik polkowice pożyczki w bilansie kredyty bez biku ikrd oprocentowanie pożyczki bankowej kredyt bank przelewy zagraniczne umowa pożyczki między członkami rodziny kredyt bez bik w bph kredyt bank krucza warszawa pożyczki na dowód bytom pożyczki przez internet getin bank umowa pożyczki pracodawca pracownik kredyt bank elblag kontakt pożyczki dla bezrobotnych poznań kredyt bank giżycko tel kredyt konsolidacyjny w santander banku umowa pozyczki ze wsteczna data kredyt bankowy krótkoterminowy pożyczki bocian w ostrowcu godz pracy pożyczki bez bik otwock umowa pożyczki bez pcc umowa pożyczki pod zastaw auta kredyt bank czestochowa godziny otwarcia pilne pożyczki bez bik pożyczki na długi okres spłaty pożyczki społecznościowe ryzyko pożyczki bez zaświadczeń online wzory umów pożyczki gotówkowej pko bp kredyt studencki zaświadczenie bank pko kredyt kalkulator kredyt konsolidacyjny zestawienie banków firma pożyczki chwilówki banki kredyty mieszkaniowe kredyt bank poznań oddziały kredyt bez bik od ręki umowa pożyczki gotówki kredyt bank pszów pozyczki chwilowki gorzow wlkp kredyt w orange jaki kod mikropożyczki na rozpoczęcie działalności pożyczki cała polska kredyt w banku potrzebne dokumenty pożyczki w domu klienta podporządkowanie pożyczki kredyty chwilówki suwałki pozyczka online krotkoterminowa dla zadluzonych kredyty z zło zdolnoscio kredytowo kredyt bankowy książki chomikuj kredyty chwilówki koszt kredyt samochodowy w ing pod jaki numer kredyt do orange konsolidacja kredytu mbank kredyt konsolidacyjny na spłatę komornika pko bp kredyt studencki druki kredyt konsolidacyjny sgb kredyt konsolidacyjny gminy kredyt bank w sandomierzu chwilówki szybkie pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt bez bik chełmno kredyt bank mickiewicza białystok godziny otwarcia kredyt bank włocławek regon bocian pożyczki numer telefonu pożyczki komornikiem szybkie pożyczki bez bik forum pożyczki dla pracowników pcc kurs euro wg kredyt bank sa pożyczki goleniów pożyczki bez baz przez internet kredyt bank rybnik wolności kredyt bank kontakt telefoniczny kredyt w eurobanku opinie 2013 kredyt bank mińsk mazowiecki kontakt umowa pożyczki cywilno prawna wzór pożyczki prywatne w poznaniu ranking banków w polsce kredyt kredyt bank świecie kredyt bank w lomzy umowa pożyczki na wykup mieszkania kredyt bank janki kredyty do domu w bydgoszczy potrzebuję pożyczki bez bik pożyczki chwilówki jak to działa ubezpieczenie pożyczki w ergo hestia pożyczki na dowód wągrowiec wady pożyczki pożyczki fiolet udzielenie pożyczki a vat 2012 kredyt w banku uk kredyty chwilówki konto czy latwo dostac kredyt w banku pocztowym bank pekao sa ubezpieczenie kredytu kredyt konsolidacyjny renta socjalna pożyczki ustawa kredyt w idea banku sulechow pozyczki w domu na dowod kredyt mieszkaniowy dla rodziny przewalutowanie kredytu w banku millennium pożyczki od osób prywatnych lublin pożyczki gotówkowe na oświadczenie o dochodach kredyt bank limit kredytowy pożyczki pozabankowe forum agerta holding pożyczki kredyt bank wrocław telefon kredyty chwilówki regulamin pożyczki dolnośląskie kredyt studencki pko bp 2012 udziele pozyczki na procent udzielać pożyczki po angielsku kredyt bankowy forum kredyty ratalne banki pożyczki prywatne pod weksel poznań dotacje unijne pożyczki szybkie pożyczki bez bik pismo z prośbą o umorzenie pożyczki z fśs pożyczki bez sprawdzania krd mikropożyczki z efs pożyczki pozabankowe gostyń prywatne pożyczki pod weksel katowice pożyczka pod zastaw samochodu warszawa ul grochowska kredyt bank popularna pożyczki bez bik bez dochodów pożyczki pod zastaw samochodów nieruchomości kredyt bank jest bankiem euromedia pożyczki pozyczki od 18lat dla zadluzonych w bik jak zaksięgować umorzenie pożyczki z wfośigw kredyt bez bik us i zus pożyczki z funduszy europejskich kredyt bank leba pożyczki dla bezrobotnych pup orange kredyt na 5 zł kredyt bank warszawska białystok pożyczki 5000 umowa pozyczki wzor kredyty bankowe wypracowanie pożyczki dla zadłużonych pożyczki na 60 dni kredyt pozabankowy zielona góra pozyczka z pracy przedawnienie kod kredyt orange pożyczki nowogard kredyty pozabankowe numer telefonu kredyty bez bik oświęcim kredyt konsolidacyjny 2012 pożyczki gotówkowe tarnów najtańsze pożyczki na rynku czestochowa pozyczka pod zastaw auta kredyt bank lokata 10 kredyty chwilówki siemianowice śląskie pożyczki bez bik do 10 000 pożyczki aukcje konsekwencje podatkowe pożyczki kalkulator pożyczki gotówkowej eurobank pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości śląskie kredyt bank ile kosztuje przelew termin przedawnienia spłaty pożyczki kredyty chwilówki kołłątaja wrocław pekao sa kredyt studencki kredyt bank zabrze kredyty w millenium bank pożyczki bez dochodów przez internet pozyczki z funduszu dla zadluzonych pożyczki prywatne a podatek kredyt bez bik w bytomiu kredyt oddłużeniowy w banku kredyty chwilówki wałbrzych pożyczki dla zadłużonych z komornikiem gliwice pożyczki pod zastaw samochodów nieruchomości pożyczki na projekty unijne pozyczka oddłużeniowa na spłatę komornika eu2 pożyczki jak wziasc kredyt do domu klienta na dowód umorzenie pożyczki mieszkaniowej a podatek dochodowy kredyt bank luboń telefon udziele pożyczki prywatnie wrocław kredyt mieszkaniowy dla osób samotnych kredyt mieszkaniowy forum 2012 kredyt bank zielona góra kontakt alina wacławek pożyczki kredyt bank wieluń kredyty w getin bank opinie udzielę pożyczki prywatnej ogłoszenia kredyty chwilówki 24h kredyt na mieszkanie jaki bank forum wzór umowy pożyczki pieniężnej pod zastaw pro domo pożyczki opinie pożyczki bez bik 5000 kredyt bank zawiercie telefon pożyczki unijne dla małych firm preferencyjny kredyt studencki w pko bp kredyt w eurobanku na dowód takto pożyczki kontakt kredyt bank ii oddział wrocław kredyt mieszkaniowy 120 wartości kredyt bankowy w przedsiębiorstwie kredyt bank numer banku kredyt na dowod osobisty gdansk umowa pożyczki w kc argentum capital pożyczki kredyt z komornikiem prywatny kredyt bank oplaty i prowizje pożyczki olsztyn bez bik pożyczki domowe kredyt bank kapelanka kontakt kredyt mieszkaniowy dla singli w 2013 umowa cywilna pożyczki pieniędzy kredyt w banku opinie pozyczki dla mlodych prywatne bialystok kredyt bank bankomaty wbk oddzialy kredyt banku w warszawie pożyczki bez bik bez krd częstochowa pożyczki bez bik kredyt bank call center forum pożyczki jędrzejów pewne pożyczki pozabankowe kredyt bank pko kalkulator kredyt bank wypłaty z bankomatu bez prowizji pożyczki na dowód od 18 jaki kredyt samochodowy forum w jakim banku wziac kredyt gotówkowy kredyt konsolidacyjny forum opinie kredyt bez biku lublin kredyt bank centrala lublin pożyczki kredyty dla zadłużonych z komornikiem kredyt bank rakowicka kraków pożyczka bez bik na dowód praca pleszew biuro kredytowe pożyczki bocian świdnica kredyt mieszkaniowy a dochód pożyczki dla młodych małżeństw pożyczki chwilówki inowrocław kredyt bez bik bgż kredyt bank lokaty z bonusem wiarygodne pożyczki poza bankowe pozabankowe pożyczki pod zastaw auta kredyt bez bik chojnice kredyt bank w chrzanowie kredyt bank płock ul wyszogrodzka żyrafa pożyczki kredyt bez biku świdnica kredyt od ręki bez bik i zaświadczeń pożyczki notarialne mikropożyczki świętokrzyskie pożyczki panda opole kredyt bank częstochowa kredyt mieszkaniowy abc kredyt bank radzymińska 14 szybkie pożyczki firmy kredyty pozabankowe bielsko biala kredyt bank drawsko pomorskie kredyt w idea banku jan nowak pożyczki błyskawiczne pożyczki bez bik kredyt bez bik 3 tyś wzór aneksu do umowy pożyczki z zfśs kredyt mieszkaniowy mieszkanie na swoim pożyczki oblicz ratę pozyczki inwestor prywatne umorzenie pożyczki z zakładu pracy likwidacja rachunku w kredyt banku pożyczki bez bik oprocentowanie pozyczki inwestor prywatne pożyczki bez bik big i krd kredyt 3000 bez bik pożyczki pozabankowe radomsko kredyt bank w ostrowie wlkp umowa pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki skok stefczyka kredyt bank bankomaty warszawa kredyt konsolidacyjny 120 miesięcy opodatkowanie pożyczki udzielonej przez udziałowca pożyczka bez zdolności kredytowej puck kredyt bank charakterystyka kredyt bank adres umowa pożyczki wzór odsetki pożyczki gotówkowe pko sa kredyt bank biuro windykacji lublin odsetki od pożyczki właściciela kredyt bank w prabutach umowa pożyczki od spółki kredyt konsolidacyjny oferta banków ubezpieczenie pożyczki pekao sa partner pożyczki piła kredyt studencki pko do kiedy legitymacja umowa pożyczki w rodzinie wzór ranking pożyczki przez internet umowa pożyczki wzór po angielsku kredyt gotówkowy w banku spółdzielczym forum kalkulator kredytowy gotówkowy bank pocztowy pożyczki na dowód bez zaświadczeń od 18 lat kredyt bank inowrocław godziny otwarcia pożyczki bez bik praca kredyt bez biku lodz kredyt samochodowy eurobank jaki bank da pozyczke bez biku pożyczki money kredyt bank skok pożyczki i kredyty preferencyjne turbo pożyczki kwota pożyczki wolna od podatku 2012 czy mozna wziasc kredyt na dowod w uk kredyt bank wspólnoty pożyczki bez zaświadczeń wrocław pożyczki na konto bankowe kredyt bez bik złotów kredyt na mieszkanie ranking banków kredyt bank dane kredyt bank w dębicy bocian pożyczki tomaszów maz gdzie dobry kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator pożyczki pocztowy żyrafa pożyczki kredyt studencki pko bp do kiedy opodatkowanie odsetek od pożyczki wspólnika umowa pożyczki prawo cywilne pozyczka w domu klients czechowice pożyczki dla policjantów banki dające wszystkim kredyt samochodowy bocian pożyczki toruń kontakt pożyczki mieszkaniowe pożyczki pozabankowe 20000 godziny przelewow w kredyt banku pożyczki gotówkowe bankowe umowa pożyczki z poręczycielem wzór pożyczki gotówkowe bez biku pożyczki bez bik do 2000 kredyt 1000 pko bp kredyt mieszkaniowy wcześniejsza spłata kredyt bank w olsztynie kredyt bank pionki pożyczki bez bik oferty kredyty gotówkowe bez bik dla firm pożyczki gotówkowe od ręki pożyczki pod zastaw biała podlaska przedłużenie pożyczki w vivus kredyt bank w lubinie kredyty bez bik raciborz pożyczki partner pożyczki na dowód lubuskie kredyt studencki anglia warunki kredyt bank gold metal bank pko kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator pożyczki od osób prywatnych 2012 pożyczki w domu klienta czestochowa kredyt w banku wymagania kredyt w banku a śmierć kredytobiorcy kredyt do orange kod udzielenie pożyczki gofin bocian pożyczki numer tel pożyczki gotówkowe w holandii pozyczka z obslugą klienta w domu obligacja 4 pożyczki konsolidacyjnej anulowanie umowy pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny w wbk głogowski pożyczki pożyczki radziejów pozyczki pozabankowe dla zadluzonych w bik i krd pożyczki bez bik ełk kredyty bez bik plock kredyt konsolidacyjny pozabankowy pożyczki chwilówki warszawa grochowska kredyty w banku pocztowym forum kredyt bank starogard gdański kredyt na dowód bez sprawdzania w bik kredyt bank centrum kart płatniczych prywatne pożyczki na weksel pozyczka filemon kredyt chwilówki opole pożyczki agroreg karty płatnicze w kredyt banku kredyty chwilówki sandomierz pożyczki bocian na dowód kredyt konsolidacyjny meritum bank pożyczki na dowód rybnik kredyt bank śródmieście alior bank kredyt rodzina na swoim pcc od pożyczki od wspólnika kredyt bank 4 kredyt zagraniczny z komornikiem pożyczki na dowód w łodzi kredyt studencki pko zaświadczenie z uczelni kredyt bank w przemyślu kredyty sms bez bik pożyczki chwilówki bez przelewu kredyt mieszkaniowy mój dom pożyczki prywatne opole kredyt mieszkaniowy mbank kalkulator kredyty mieszkaniowe 1992 pożyczki bez biku kraków pożyczki chwilówki na raty pożyczki gotówkowe bez zgody współmałżonka pożyczki zfśs w bilansie bocian pożyczki nowa sól pożyczki oprocentowanie porównanie pozyczki inne niz prowident księgowanie pożyczki od osoby fizycznej kredyty chwilówki radom praca kredyt bank 2 kredyt bank grupa kredyt w banku pocztowym oprocentowanie kredyt bank suwałki kontakt kredyt bez bik strzelin kredyt studencki pko kalkulator pożyczki na działalność gospodarczą pożyczki z zajęciem komorniczym pożyczki chwilówki tychy kredyt w banku najniższe oprocentowanie kredyt bank w ciechocinku umowa pożyczki środków pieniężnych pożyczki pod zastaw złota warszawa kredyt bank różana kredyt bank warszawa sadyba podatek od pożyczki od rodziny 2012 pożyczki chwilówki w domu potrącanie pożyczki z zasiłku umowa pożyczki w urzędzie skarbowym kredyty chwilówki pińczów nalepszy kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyt bank lublin windykacja umowa pożyczki dla spółki komandytowej wzór pożyczki na kopalni czy trudno dostać kredyt w banku pocztowym pozyczki online udzielę pożyczki prywatnej bez przedpłat jak zaksięgować kredyt na rachunku bankowym kredyt bez bik w inowrocławiu umowa pożyczki między spółką a udziałowcem pozyczki 7 umowa pożyczki pieniędzy gofin pożyczki pod zastaw chorzów kredyt bank aukcje poleasingowe pożyczki otrzymane www kredyty pozabankowe bełchatowie optima pożyczki kalisz umowa pożyczki pracownik wniesienie aportem pożyczki kredyt bank lokaty dewizowe kredyty mieszkaniowe najniższe oprocentowanie kredyt konsolidacyjny wbk 2014 optima pożyczki bydgoszcz kredyt bank wojska polskiego słupsk kredyt getin bank 30000 bocian pożyczki wrocław kredyty mieszkaniowe irlandia kredyt gotówkowy getin bank forum pożyczki na dowód kościerzyna najdroższe pożyczki kredyt bank blokowanie karty wzór umowy pożyczki od znajomych kredyt bank kursy walut pożyczki kaktus kredyt mieszkaniowy wczesniejsza splata kredyty chwilówki wrocław kredyt bank warszawa targówek kredyt gotówkowy w eurobanku kalkulator kredyt 4 tys na dowód prowident kredyt bank grodzka pożyczki euroloan banki kredyty bez zaświadczeń kredyt bank bochnia godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki a zabezpieczenie pozyczki bez bik ciechanow kredyt studencki bzwbk kredyt bank decyzja kredytowa kredyt bank zespół zajęć egzekucyjnych ustna umowa pożyczki orzecznictwo dobra umowa pożyczki pożyczki 7 udzielę pożyczki prywatnej łódź kredyt konsolidacyjny korzyści kredyt bank zwycięstwa gliwice pozyczki poza bankowe bez sprawdzania zdolności kredyt bank kedzierzyn pożyczki chwilówki bez krd kredyt bez bik us i zus kredyt bank biała podlaska tel pożyczki online bez przelewu kredyt konsolidacyjny bez sprawdzania w biku pcc od umowy pożyczki od udziałowca umowa pożyczki na zakup mieszkania wzór kredyt orange na nr kredyt banku centralnego autokredyt pozabankowo kredyty bez biku opole kredyty pozabankowe gorzów wlkp pożyczki chwilówki na dowód bez zaświadczeń pożyczki do 10 000 bank bph kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator kredyt na auto bez bik kredyt bank wolontariat pracowniczy pożyczki międzybankowe pożyczki na założenie własnej firmy pożyczki notarialne

 Follow BillCasselman on Twitter

   

“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

                Funny Canadian Sayings / Quebec Sayings / Canadian Words

Previous Columns/ All Entries / Contact / SiteMap / Bio
Buy My Books Online / Schedule / Photos / Buy Ad Here

Bibliography of my works published in book form My Blog / Good Reviews /

More Features of this Website

 

Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad

 
 
Bill Casselman's Words of the World & Canadian Word of the Day:Their Etymologies & General Word Lore at www.billcasselman.com

 Follow BillCasselman on Twitter

   

“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

                Funny Canadian Sayings / Quebec Sayings / Canadian Words

Previous Columns/ All Entries / Contact / SiteMap / Bio
Buy My Books Online / Schedule / Photos / Buy Ad Here

Bibliography of my works published in book form My Blog / Good Reviews /

More Features of this Website

 

Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad