kredyt bank bialoleka pożyczki dla bezrobotnych na raty kredyt bank wrocław chrobrego tel kredyt w banku bzwbk kredyt bankowy na oświadczenie usługi pożyczki białystok wniosek o przyznanie pożyczki na cele mieszkaniowe kredyt gotówkowy eurobank kalkulator pożyczki lukas kredyt odnawialny w banku wbk udzielić pożyczki english pożyczki konsolidacyjnej kredyt samochodowy getin bank infolinia bank pko bp kredyty opinie pożyczki bez biku słupsk konsolidacja kredytu bz wbk kredyt bank lesko umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs 2012 siedziba kredyt banku warszawa przelew zagraniczny kredyt bank koszt zarobki w kredyt banku 2012 godziny otwarcia kredyt banku w rzeszowie pożyczki od osób prywatnych kielce pozyczki w domu warszawa kredyt konsolidacyjny dla bardzo zadłużonych kredyt bank ostrołęka kontakt kredyt bank gdańsk telefon kredyt w skok stefczyka bez bik pożyczki szczecin na umowę niemiecką pozyczki od reki gdynia credo pożyczki kredyt bez biku na samochod pożyczki dla mających komornika kredyt dla zadłużonych z komornikiem kredyt na start w getin banku kredyt bank nowy sącz telefon pożyczki świebodzice kredyt 2500 toruŃ lukas bank kredyt kontakt kredyt bank lokata na 6 5 kredyt bank 1 oddział gdańsk pożyczki chwilówki rzeszów kredyty bez biku radlin pożyczki pod zastaw białogard odsetki od pożyczki obowiązek vat pożyczki bez bik na konto kredyty firmowe bez bik pożyczki na dowód wrocław wojewódzki fundusz ochrony środowiska pożyczki kredyty pozabankowe piekary śląskie kredyt bank żeromskiego tel umowa pożyczki dla wspólnika alior bank kredyt firmowy pożyczki chwilówki łęczyca kredyt bank w zgierzu bank pko bp wniosek o kredyt studencki zabezpieczenie pożyczki wekslem pożyczki pozabankowe na 15lat kredyt mieszkaniowy na zarobki w anglii pożyczki bez biku ełk kredyt bez biku szczecinek kredyt bank wałbrzych kredyty bez biku toruń kredyt bank włodawa kontakt umowa pożyczki pomiędzy spółkami wzór kredyt bank zyrardow kredyt bank w polkowicach kredyt konsolidacyjny dla osób w bik pożyczki citibank getin bank kredyt konsolidacyjny opinie kredyt studencki zasady 2012 kredyt bank łódź kontakt kredyty chwilówki bydgoszcz fordon kredyty chwilówki tarnobrzeg pożyczki bez zdolności kredytowej forum kredyt bank w brzegu kredyty santander kredyt inwestycyjny banku bgż kredyt bank spółdzielczy kalkulator kredyt w fiat bank pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik płock fałszywa umowa pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki praca umowa pożyczki wzór word pożyczki na dowód piekary śląskie numer kredyt do orange przedłużenie kredytu studenckiego pko bp pożyczki dla hitlera natychmiastowe pożyczki przez internet kredyt studencki pko bp powtarzanie roku pożyczki pozabankowe typu provident nie oddaje pożyczki kredyt bank warszawa radość asper pożyczki kredyt bankowy na wykup mieszkania z komornikiem kredyt chwilówka getin bank pożyczki chwilówki łódź kredyt chwilówki zielona góra kredyt samochodowy dla nowej spółki pożyczki prywatne brzeg kredyt bank jelenia góra ogińskiego kredyt bank konto oszczędnościowe standard kredyt konsolidacyjny 8 lat kredyt bank lokata 6 pozyczki prywatne wrocław jak zdobyc pozyczke bez bik i komornika bgż pożyczki dla rolników pozyczka bez biku na dowod zary kredyt bank biała podlaska rywal pożyczki refinansowe kredyt w banku bez zgody współmałżonka umowa pożyczki podatek od czynności cywilnoprawnych umowa pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu doc pożyczki luboń kredyt pozabankowy rzeszów kredyt konsolidacyjny 10 lat kredyty mieszkaniowe od 2014 roku pożyczki pracownicze kredyty bez bik w uk pożyczki pod zastaw łomża kredyt bez bik wadowice kredyt mieszkaniowy credit agricole forum kredyt remontowy bank pekao sa kredyt bank szkolenie w warszawie forum pożyczki pozabankowe pelikan pożyczki pożyczki na dowód od ręki umowa pożyczki w ratach wzór citibank regulamin pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki ekspres kasa pozyczki typu provident w jeleniej gorz kredyt mieszkaniowy spłata przed terminem kredyt ratalny lukas bank kalkulator umowa pożyczki od członka zarządu pożyczki dla zakładu budżetowego kredyt odnawialny eurobank kredyt bank debet pożyczki bez bik oprocentowanie szybki kredyt bez sprawdzania na dowud kredyt bank grójecka 45 godziny otwarcia pożyczki inne niż provident kredyt konsolidacyjny na oswiadczenie jak księgować pożyczki kredyt bank wrocław legnicka godziny otwarcia kredyt w banku bph forum kredyty bez bik będzin udzielenie pożyczki po angielsku kredyt bez bik tychy dyrektor kredytbank zamość nowe pożyczki chwilówki przez internet kredyt w banku eurobank kredyty oddłużeniowe bez bik forum kredyt bank call center forum pożyczki bez bik głogów kredyt bez bik do 12miesięcy kredyt bank marcinkowskiego pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości leszno pożyczki pozabankowe prudnik idea bank kredyt online opinie pożyczki kokos forum kredyty chwilówki jana pawła warszawa kredyty chwilówki tvn kredyty mieszkaniowe w banku spółdzielczym linia kredytowa santander bank dla firm poręczenie pożyczki z zfśs kredyt bank legionowo telefon kredyt bank bialystok ul radzyminska pożyczki w domu klienta kredyty bank santander kredyt konsolidacyjny nordea oprocentowanie pożyczki bez zaświadczeń bik i krd oprocentowanie pożyczki udzielonej przez udziałowca umowa pożyczki jeremie optima pożyczki kraków kredyt bank głogów godziny otwarcia szybkie pożyczki dla bezrobotnych pożyczki w ramach inicjatywy jeremie kredyt gotówkowy w millenium bank kredyt konsolidacyjny bph pożyczki jeremie wrocław kredyt bank ochrony środowiska kredyt bank malopolska pożyczki chwilówki bydgoszcz na dowód odmowa przyjęcia pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny bez bik poznań kredyt samochodowy ranking 2011 pożyczki chwilówki zgorzelec kalkulator kredytu mieszkaniowego getin bank cel umowy pożyczki kredyt przez telefon bez peselu kredyty pozabankowe legnica kredyty bez biku wrocław oprocentowanie pożyczki gotówkowej kalkulator kredyt bez biku bielsko biała rola kredyt bankowy kredyt studencki wbk warunki kredyt studencki pko bank polski kredyt w banku na rozpoczęcie działalności kredyt bank radosc kredyty chwilówki nowy sącz lwowska kredyt gotówkowy w credit agricole opinie pozyczki bez zdolnosci kredytowej od 18lat ranking szybki kredyt dla firm bez bik pożyczki gotówkowe dla emerytów umowa pożyczki elementy kredyt gotówkowy w santander oprocentowanie pożyczki dla młodych kredyt orange 1zl kredyty mieszkaniowe w bph najtańszy kredyt konsolidacyjny 2013 kredyt konsolidacyjny porównanie ofert banków umowa pożyczki między pracownikiem a pracodawcą pożyczki online bez wychodzenia z domu ei global pożyczki umowa pożyczki literatura kredyt bankowy podział kredyt bank konto oszczędnościowe lokata swobodna idea bank konsolidacja konsolidacji kredytu pożyczki na dowód bez biku kredyt bank godziny otwarcia marki pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik online kredyt bank brodno pożyczki pod zastaw łomża kredyt bank leżajsk kredyt w banku agricole pożyczki przez internet 24h kredyt bez bik forum 2012 kredyt bank warszawa ul różana pożyczki gotówkowe z dostawą do domu szybki kredyt bez bik gdańsk abis pożyczki kontakt wzór umowy pożyczki udziałowca kredyty pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt konsolidacyjny 5 tys kredyty chwilówki kasprowicza kredyty mieszkaniowe sgb czy umowa pożyczki musi być sporządzona na piśmie pożyczki olsztyn na dowód kredyty chwilówki bez bik warszawa pożyczki opodatkowanie kredyt idea bank online kredyt gotówkowy bez bik wrocław kredyt bank radomsko kontakt pożyczki dla ludzi w bik kredyt na samochód używany bez bik kredyt studencki pko bp przedłużenie kredyt bez bik ciechanów badanie zdolności kredytowej w banku pko bp skok wspólnota pożyczki kredyt konsumencki banki pożyczki kredyt plus jakie dokumenty do kredytu mieszkaniowego pko bp kredyty bez bik opolskie pożyczki dla zadłużonych bezrobotnych getin kredyt samochodowy forum wzór podania o umorzenie pożyczki mieszkaniowej pożyczki bez bik i krd lublin pożyczki na dowód wałbrzych kredyty samochodowe bez bik opinie pożyczki optima kontakt pozyczki krakow bez zaswiadczen pożyczki pod zastaw opatów kredyt gotówkowy deutsche bank oprocentowanie rodzaje kredytów w banku pko bp kredyt studencki opinie forum kredyt studencki 2013 bank spółdzielczy umowa pożyczki w fundacji pożyczki pod zastaw żywiec cash pożyczki torun pożyczki provident oprocentowanie kredyt bank tychy pożyczki internetowe chwilówki oprocentowanie kredytu w banku pekao sa pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości z komornikiem pożyczki żnin pożyczki prywatne pod weksel wrocław kredyt mieszkaniowy 100 procent 18lat na dowod kredyty olsztyn umowa pożyczki wzór po angielsku pożyczki pko kredyt bank zachodni wbk pożyczki picasso radom kalkulator pożyczki pko sa umorzenie pożyczki przychód podatkowy pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu katowice kredyt studencki który bank wybrać pożyczki prywatne ostrołęka umowa pożyczki wzór gofin kredyt gotówkowy w banku bgż kredyt na dowód bez bik i zaświadczeń bocian pożyczki milicz kredyt bank warszawa ul giełdowa 7 9 kredyt bank notowania funduszy inwestycyjnych kredyt mieszkaniowy w getin banku forum kredyt bank fuzja zwolnienia pozyczkibocian dla bezrobotnych pożyczki dla bezrobotnych bez bik kredyt bank najlepsza lokata bocian pożyczki pasłęk spłata pożyczki przychód kredyty mieszkaniowe opinie o bankach kredyt bank chełm tel kredyt konsolidacyjny doradca finansowy pożyczki na dowód chełm kredyt bez bik do domu kredyt chwilówka gdansk kredyt bank gwarancja kredyt studencki pko spłata kredyt gotówkowy z bik kredyt bank warszawa ursynów godziny otwarcia czy kredyt w banku ulega przedawnieniu pożyczki bez pcc kredyt bank stalowa wola kontakt prawdziwe pożyczki prywatne pożyczki na dowód działdowo pożyczki w poznaniu najnowsze kredyty chwilówki kredyt bank lokaty terminowe 2013 pożyczki oprocentowanie porównanie kredyt bank kapelanka pożyczki udzielane w domu kredyt bank świnoujście godziny otwarcia kredyt bank wspólnoty pożyczki prywatne ciechocinek kredyt samochodowy 2013 forum prywatne pożyczki gotówkowe wrocław euro cash pozyczki szczecin kredyt bank bb pozyczki od osob prywatnych poznan gdzie daja kredyt bez biku kredyt konsolidacyjny w parabankach bocian pożyczki gryfino pożyczki chwilówki dla firm kredyt mieszkaniowy dla osób samotnych kredyt kwidzyn www kredyty pozabankowe bełchatowie kredyt bank rzeszów grunwaldzka kontakt księgowanie pożyczki od kontrahenta kredyt bank zana lublin tani kredyt samochodowy ranking pozyczka prywatna chrzanow pożyczki chwilówki ostrowiec kredyt firmowy bez bik finan pożyczki legnica prolongata pożyczki kredyt mieszkaniowy bps pożyczki gotówkowe w rodzinie pozyczka w parabanku bez bik do 20000 pożyczki od prywatnych inwestorów kredyt bank rondo onz pożyczki bocian szczecinek pożyczki 20000 zł kredyt konsolidacyjny santander kredyt getin bank online getin noble bank kredyty gotówkowe pożyczki portal umorzenie pożyczki proz kredyt bank lokaty kwiecień 2012 kredyt gotówkowy bez bik lublin kredyt bank w rzeszowie godziny otwarcia kredyt w przeźmierowie alior bank kredyt dla lekarzy kredyt studencki pko na rok kredyty pozabankowe chorzów pożyczki w domu klienta pabianice abis pożyczki dla każdego forum kredyt bank rawicz telefon pożyczki bielsko bocian pożyczki opole szybkie pożyczki gotówkowe bez zaświadczeń pożyczki bez historii kredytowej kredyt bank s a ul kasprzaka 2 8 pożyczki internetowe w 15 minut lublin mafia pozyczki kredyt bez bik i zaswiadczen o zarobkach pożyczki bez bik na oświadczenie ubezpieczenie pożyczki w ing kredyt na samochód bez bik zaświadczeń kredyt pod zastaw samochodu bez bik pożyczki amber kredyt abis pożyczki dla każdego forum trudne pożyczki namysłów kredyt bank zgierska 42 kredyt bez bik stargard odsetki od pożyczki kup czy nkup preferencyjny kredyt studencki pko bp regulamin nalepszy kredyt konsolidacyjny pożyczki chwilówki bez bik ranking bocian pożyczki czat oblicz kredyt w credit agricole emilion pożyczki pożyczki oddłużeniowe na dowud pożyczki na zakup nieruchomości pożyczki gotówkowe bank pocztowy duet pozyczka numer tel gdańsk pożyczki chwilówki kredyt bank bgz kredyt konsolidacyjny santander kalkulator kredyt konsolidacyjny w którym banku pożyczki ostrów mazowiecka na podobe providenta pożyczki bez bik w wałbrzychu pożyczki chwilówki kutno kredyty mieszkaniowe rzeszów pożyczki na dowód kielce pożyczki dla mikroprzedsiębiorstw opole umowa pożyczki prawo umorzenie pożyczki z funduszu pracy pożyczki finansowe pożyczki pozabankowe trójmiasto kredyty bez bik cała polska bip pożyczki formularz kredyty bez bik jelenia gora pożyczki bez biku zielona góra kredyt bez bik dla zadluzonych kredyt samochodowy dla ludzi w bik pożyczki bez bik i krd opole pożyczki kraśnik scarabeusz pozyczki piotrkow kredyt bank wspiera polskich żeglarzy pożyczki bez biku w łodzi pożyczki gotówkowe finan kredyt mieszkaniowy jaki bank 2012 odsetki od pożyczki podatek u źródła pożyczki chwilówki bez bik i big wiarygodne pożyczki poza bankowe skarabeusz pożyczki oświęcim bank wbk kredyt bez komornika wroclaw gumtree kredyt bez bik ciechanów kredyt firmowy bez bik kredyt bez bik do domu kredyt bez bik gdynia kredyt na samochód toyota bank kredyt konsolidacyjny pko warunki pożyczki ue kredyt mieszkaniowy szybsza spłata profi credit warunki otrzymania pożyczki kredyt bez bik walbrzych pod jaki numer bierze się kredyt w orange kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator lukas bank pożyczki pozabankowe wady i zalety pożyczki infinite kredyt pozabankowy 3000 pożyczki z europejskiego banku inwestycyjnego pożyczki chwilówki pruszków firma kronos pożyczki kontakt pozyczka od 18 lat częstochowa kredyt bank koscian godziny otwarcia kredyt bank sosnowiec godziny otwarcia wysokie pożyczki bez bik pożyczki gniezno reklama kredyt banku mafia prywatne pozyczki na weksel kredyty chwilówki oddziały calkowita splata pozyczki wzor pożyczki gotówkowe prominent kredyt bank jana pawła kredyt bank kondratowicza kontakt pożyczki bez bik ciechanów istota kredytu i pożyczki getin bank oferta pożyczki umowa pożyczki cechy kredyt bankowy porównanie kredyt dla mundurowych w banku pocztowym kredyt bez biku do 50000 pożyczki chwilówki bez bik ranking kredyt bank radzymin pożyczki pozabankowe od zaraz kredyt mieszkaniowy na firmę pożyczki dla rolników 2013 kredyt samochodowy multibank forum kredyt bank sokółka kontakt kredyt w niemczech w jakim banku pożyczki prywatne zdunska wola kredyt bez bik 7000 pożyczki pod zastaw przepisy szybkie pożyczki pleszew kredyty pozabankowe kraków pożyczki prywatnie pożyczki radziejów pożyczki w domu klienta nowe miasto lubawskie umowa pożyczki w urzędzie skarbowym udzielając pożyczki pokwitowanie kredyt bank awaria kredyty chwilówki bocian pożyczki pod zastaw rtv tarnów pożyczki chorzów kredyt studencki pko sa opinie kredyt studencki w bz wbk kredyt bank sprzedaż waluty pożyczki gros kalisz okam pożyczki uk kredyty oddłużeniowe bez bik forum pożyczki przedawnienie kredyty bez biku wroclaw kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyt bank kredyt bank dyrektor regionalny pożyczki prywatnie wrocław pko bp kredyt studencki oświadczenie poręczyciela 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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad