udzielić pożyczki po niemiecku pożyczki bez bik stalowa wola ranking kredytów mieszkaniowych luty 2013 udziele pożyczki prywatnie gdansk kredyt bank tychy godziny otwarcia kredyt bankowy chomikuj kredyt na dowód alior bank kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim forum dukat wawa pożyczki pożyczki pozabankowe dla osób bezrobotnych koszt umowy pożyczki u notariusza pozbankowa pożyczka 10000 długoterminową potrzebuję pożyczki 2012 umorzenie pożyczki a składki zus bocian pożyczki kalisz kredyt mieszkaniowy dla młodych małżeństw 2014 kredyt bank gdańsk telefon godziny przelewów w kredyt banku kredyt bankowy forum kredyt bank oddzialy w krakowie szybkie pożyczki bez bik łódź pożyczki chwilówki brodnica kredyt bank praca potrzebuję ów kredyt kredyt bank sa świnoujście kredyt przez internet bez biku i krd kredyt mieszkaniowy oferty banków kredyt chwilówka jarocin bocian pożyczki jaworzno gdzie wziac kredyt kielce kredyt bank w krynicy pożyczki bez bik i zaswiadczen kredyty chwilowki wroclaw drobnera pożyczki prywatne radom banknot pozyczki warszawa kredyt samochodowy fortis bank opinie kredyt konsolidacyjny pekao sa wczesniejsza spłata kredyt bez bik kolobrzeg kredyt bank w poznaniu godziny otwarcia pożyczki chwilówki żyrafa kredyt niemcy forum pozyczki prywatne cywilno prawne na 30000 olesnica firmy dajace pozyczki zadluzonym u komornika kredyt konsolidacyjny jakie oprocentowanie część pożyczki państwowej puszczona w obieg pożyczki takto umowa w sprawie pożyczki mieszkaniowej umowa pożyczki skok stefczyka kredyt bankowy księgowanie umowa pożyczki pomiędzy podmiotami powiązanymi szybki kredyt 5 tys niski procent opolskie kredyt konsolidacyjny najdłuższy okres kredytowania kredyt bez bik 25000 santander kupił kredyt bank luty 2012 profit pożyczki zielona góra co potrzeba zeby wziasc pozyczke z oakam kredyt bankowy konto pożyczki bez banku bank pekao sa kredyt dla singla kredyty bez biku olsztyn rafał kania pożyczki pożyczki na rentę socjalną ubezpieczenie kredytu w getin noble bank pożyczki od osób prywatnych tarnów pożyczki chwilówki pleszew pożyczki chwilówki ranking szukam pożyczki katowice oprocentowanie pożyczki między osobami fizycznymi poszukuje pożyczki pozabankowej szybki kredyt w getin banku praca pozyczki bez biknowa sol kredyty przez internet bez bik kredyt bez bik malbork wzory dokumentów pozew o zwrot pożyczki kredyt bank kasprzaka warszawa kredyt bank ukraina kredyt bez bik oferty warunki kredytu samochodowego getin bank kredyty chwilowki klobuck zwrot pożyczki a urząd skarbowy kredyty pożyczki bez bik i krd kredyt bank legnica bankomaty kredyt mieszkaniowy a małżeństwo pożyczki multibank kredyt dla firm bez bik zus ubezpieczenie kredytu w getin noble bank kredyt bank puławska 303 godziny otwarcia kredyt bez bik oleśnica kredyt online idea bank opinie umowa pożyczki w i grupie podatkowej kredyt pozabankowy do 5 tys kredyt mieszkaniowy polbank kalkulator umorzenie pożyczki pozew pożyczki prywatne od osób prywatnych pożyczki luton kredyt studencki w wbk pożyczki access słupia pożyczki dla firm cechy pożyczki wikipedia umowa pożyczki od rodziców kredyt w credit agricole kalkulator pożyczki prywatne elbląg pożyczka z komornikiem w mysłowicach pożyczki pod zastaw jelenia góra kredyt chwilówka na telefon pożyczki pod zastaw gdynia kredyty konsolidacyjne z zajęciem komorniczym kredyt pozabankowy idea bank kredyt konsolidacyjny opinie kredyt bank zagiel kredyt bank gliwice dworcowa 24 kredyt bank opłata za listę haseł umowa pożyczki a zabezpieczenie oprocentowanie pożyczki udzielonej przez udziałowca kredyt bank kapelanka godziny otwarcia pozyczka na dlugi pod weksel kredyt bank sa siedziba główna pożyczki gros kapitał kredyt konsolidacyjny dla małżeństwa kredyt w banku eurobank kredyty chwilowki kepno pożyczki pod zastaw dębica szybkie kredyty bez bik najkorzystniejsze pożyczki pozabankowe oprocentowanie pożyczki wibor kredyt samochodowy bez bik zus us umowa pożyczki z wekslem wzór koszt ubezpieczenia pożyczki pożyczki pozabankowe wawa kredyt dla nestora w banku pocztowym kredyt bank płock kontakt pożyczki rzeszów pożyczki bez bik i krd na dowód kredyty pożyczki cała polska abis pozyczka głogów kredyt bez bik kołobrzeg pożyczki onet kredyt bank wrocław chrobrego pożyczki żagiel opinie pożyczki bez krs umowa pożyczki z udziałowcem wzór kredyt bank siedlce piłsudskiego kontakt pożyczki bez bik i krd legnica kredyt bank wloclawek plac wolnosci kredyt bank w międzyzdrojach kredyt konsolidacyjny dla firm zadłużonych konsolidacja kredytu wbk kredyt bank białystok zwycięstwa godziny otwarcia tomek zaciągnął w banku omb kredyt kredyty chwilówki bez bik kraków abis szybkie pozycxki kredyt w banku żubr kredyt bank ostróda godziny otwarcia odsetki od pożyczki a koszty uzyskania przychodu likwidacja rachunku w kredyt banku kredyt ing odsetki karne pożyczki kredyt bank sa oddział w skierniewicach kredyt pozabankowy szybko pożyczki bez bik i krd z komornikiem pożyczki bez bik dla zadłużonych forum prywatny kredyt na dowod bez dochody online wniosek o umorzenie pożyczki wfośigw kredyt konsolidacyjny w meritum bank opinie kredyt samochodowy ing kredyt 15tys bph firma uzyskała kredyt w banku kredyt na mieszkanie w credit agricole pożyczki bez bik ostrów wlkp nowak pożyczki głogówek getin noble bank kredyt konsumpcyjny mikropożyczki świętokrzyskie pożyczki w domu klienta bytom bydgoszcz pozyczki do domu pożyczki bez bik bytom kredyt w banku meritum kredyt bank w legnicy kredyt bez bik cieszyn kredyt bank warszawa jana pawła ii pożyczki orange pożyczki socjalne w pracy pożyczki do 50000 bank pko bp kredyt mieszkaniowy opinie odsetki ustawowe pożyczki oprocentowanie kredytów mieszkaniowych pko bp kredyty bank pko bp sa pozyczka bez bik w getin banku pożyczki z biura pracy w którym banku jest najtańszy kredyt gotówkowy kredyty bez bik zabrze optima pożyczki płock optima pożyczki telefon kredyt samochodowy getin opinie kredyt na dowód bez bik i krd konwersja pożyczki na kapitał podatek pożyczki społecznościowe gdzie kredyt pozyczka bez biku kredyt bank bankomaty umowa cesji pożyczki prywatne pożyczki na sam dowód kredyt samochodowy w banku bgż kredyt bez bik pleszew kredyt bank w swinoujsciu plus cash pożyczki kredyty pozabankowe w toruniu umowa pożyczki podpisana za granicą pożyczki do domu klienta pożyczki prywatne zawiercie kredyt bez bik zory pożyczki dla studentów rzeszów pożyczki na dowód wrocław kredyty pod zastaw mieszkania bez biku gdzie kredyt bez bik pożyczki przez internet bez bik pożyczki od osób prywatnych lublin pożyczki ślimak bydgoszcz kredyt mieszkaniowy jakie zarobki kredyt chwilówka kutno pożyczki w domu klienta głogów pożyczki bez bik na samochód kredyt mieszkaniowy w banku bph deklaracja pożyczki pożyczki pozabankowe biała podlaska kredyty bez bik big komornik konsolidacja forum kredyt samochodowy mbank online pożyczki na dowód rzeszów pożyczki wyszków czestochowa pozyczka pod zastaw auta kredyt bankowy co to jest kredyt bank w krynicy kredyt bank aktywacja karty udzielę pożyczki pod weksel warszawa kredyt samochodowy dla nowych firm kalkulator elementy umowy kredytowej wg prawa bankowego pozyczki bochnia bocian pożyczki szczecin opinie anulowanie umowy pożyczki koszt umowy pożyczki notarialnej kredyt bank krakow oddzialy pożyczki chwilówki filarum szybki kredyt pozabankowy pewne pożyczki dla każdego udzielić pożyczki po niemiecku kredyt bez bik gotówkowy kredyt konsolidacyjny paribas kredyty samochodowe bank pocztowy pożyczki konsolidacyjne pko kredyty na samochód bez bik alior bank kredyt dla zadłużonych kredyty pożyczki bez bik forum potwierdzenie zwrotu pożyczki wzór pożyczki jessica kredyt bank marki prywatne pozyczki w londynie kredyty bank santander pożyczki ekspresowe bez bik potrzebuje kredyt konsolidacyjny spłata kapitału pożyczki kredyt bez biku zielona góra orange kod kredyt kredyt bank w m1 kraków pozyczka prywatna czechowice prywatne pożyczki gotówkowe bez bik kredyt bank wniosek o wakacje kredytowe kredyty bez bik kołobrzeg kredyt mieszkaniowy zmiana pracy kredyt konsolidacyjny kraków pożyczka od 18 lat bez zaświadczeń kredyty bez bik grudziadz asper pożyczki pożyczki gotówkowe umowa zlecenie pożyczki bez bik w białymstoku kredyt samochodowy nowa firma pożyczki pod weksel wrocław pożyczka z obsługą w domu asper pożyczki toruń pożyczki od inwestorów prywatnych pożyczki od osób prywatnych lods udzielenie nieoprocentowanej pożyczki spółce obliczenie rat pożyczki kredyty i banki pożyczka na dowód choszczno kredyty bez bik nysa kredyt na firmę obrotowy bez poreczycieli kredyt bank karty bankomatowe kredyt bank dział windykacji lublin kontakt udzielenie pożyczki spółce osobowej przez wspólnika kredyty bez weryfikacji w biku mariusz tierling poznań pożyczki kredyt bez bik na splate komornika pożyczki prywatne kołobrzeg kredyty bez bik bankowe pozyczki dla zadłuzonych wbanku pko finanse kredyt bank w grodzisku mazowieckim skarabeusz pożyczki dąbrowa górnicza kredyt z orange numer kredyt bank lokaty czerwiec 2013 najkorzystniejsza pozyczka bez krd kredyty mieszkaniowe szczecin kredyt w banku ing pożyczki pozabankowe forum dyskusyjne kredyty i pożyczki dla jst kredyt bank limit przelewu pożyczki bez bik wrocław oprocentowanie pożyczki ekspresowej w pko sa pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości mazowieckie bocian pożyczki kwidzyn kredyt bank santander kredyty pożyczki i gwarancje bankowe pdf pożyczki bez zaświadczeń kraków kredyty chwilowki w czestochowie kredyt w ikano bank pożyczki lukas kredyt bank żołnierska olsztyn cel pożyczki umowa pożyczki wzór po angielsku do jakiego wieku kredyt w banku umowa pożyczki a podatek dochodowy kredyt studencki pko pierwsza transza kredyt bank łódź ketlinga udzielę pożyczki pod weksel 2012 przelew zagraniczny do kredyt banku kredyty bez bik dla zadłużonych kredyty bankowe ranking kredyty chwilówki toruń opinie kredyty mieszkaniowe pozabankowe kredyt bank departamenty pożyczki chwilówki świdnica bank pko sa ubezpieczenie kredytu pożyczki pelikan kod kredytowy orange kalkulator pożyczki w banku spółdzielczym przedłużenie pożyczki w vivus pożyczki łódź plac wolności pozyczki do reki od 18lat w lesznie kredyt bank ii oddział gdańsk umorzenie pożyczki z nfośigw kredyt konsolidacyjny pod zastaw działki pozyczki szczecin od zaraz potrzebuję pożyczki prywatnej kredyt konsolidacyjny gotówkowy bph pożyczki z fgśp kredyt bank i santander kredyt bankowy warunki kredyt bank chf kurs kredyt bank wrocław gliniana godziny otwarcia pożyczki chwilówki ostrów mazowiecka pożyczki opole godziny otwarcia kredyt samochodowy ranking marzec 2014 pko bp kredyt mieszkaniowy dokumenty formularz pożyczki pieniędzy pewny kredyt onlain pożyczka chorzów kredyt konsolidacyjny opole pożyczki gotówkowe bez zaświadczeń kredyt pod zastaw domu w banku w ktorym banku wziasc kredyt pożyczki unijne na rozpoczęcie działalności kredyty mieszkaniowe wymagania bezpłatne pożyczki online bank pekao sa kredyt studencki dokumenty kredyt bank w malborku pożyczki dla mających komornika kredyt bez biku kalisz umorzenie pożyczki wspólnika pożyczka od 18 lat bez zaświadczeń pożyczki od osób prywatnych opinie kredyt na dowód bez bik i zaświadczeń pożyczki pozabankowe bielsk podlaski kredyt przez internet w credit agricole kredyt bank nisko kredyty chwilówki dział kadr anna kochańska pożyczki jaki jest nr na kredyt w orange kredyt samochodowy boś bank bocian pożyczki przemyśl kredyt bank skawina godziny otwarcia kredyty mieszkaniowe warunki przyznania udzielenie pożyczki innej firmie księgowanie kredyt bank paypal kredyty chwilówka rybnik kredyt na samochód bez bik i krd konin oprocentowanie pożyczki mieszkaniowej z zfśs kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator bank spółdzielczy kredyt samochodowy dla lekarza szybkie pożyczki do domu kredyt bank kasprzaka kontakt kredyty chwilówki firma wzór na obliczanie rat pożyczki pożyczki dla nowych firm na start kredyty bez bik w rybniku pożyczki na rozpoczęcie działalności gospodarczej w którym banku kredyt na dowód kredyt samochodowy ranking listopad 2013 odsetki od pożyczki kalkulator gofin pożyczki bez bik bydgoszcz kredyt studencki oprocentowanie 2011 pożyczki bez bik dla nowych firm pożyczki unijne bezzwrotne kredyt bank osiedle kazimierzowskie kredyty bez bik dla rolników kredyty chwilowki wroclaw drobnera pożyczki dla bezrobotnych warszawa kosiński pożyczki kredyt odnawialny w pekao sa kredyt bank połączenie kredyt dla wspólnoty mieszkaniowej ing w jakim banku najlepiej wziąć kredyt 2013 kredyt bank rachunki oszczędnościowe kredyt bank santander wycena otrzymanej pożyczki na dzień bilansowy pożyczki prywatne szybko oddziały kredyt banku w polsce pożyczki 50000 feniks pożyczki opinie euro pożyczki fast pożyczki opinie pożyczki nasielsk pożyczki pod zastaw łomża pożyczki z zajęciem komorniczym kredyty bez biku gniezno kredyt bank obecnie kredyty chwilówki międzyrzec podlaski kredyt studencki jakie banki pożyczki bez bik przez internet kredyt bank sa adres ekspresowe pożyczki bez biku bank pko kredyt rodzina na swoim warunki kredyty w banku spółdzielczym forum kredyty bez biku opinie udzielenie nieoprocentowanej pożyczki warunki kredytu w eurobanku opodatkowanie pożyczki podatkiem vat kredyty bez bik duze kwoty pożyczki przez internet kraków konsolidacja kredytów wbk umowa pożyczki osoby fizyczne podatek kredyt bank kontakt lublin udzielilem pozyczki nieoprocentowanej kredyt bank nidzica kontakt bezpłatne konto w kredyt banku warunkowa umowa pożyczki wzór kredyty bez bik walbrzych kredyt studencki bank slaski pożyczki dla lekarzy kredyty bankowe sciaga kredyt mieszkaniowy dla młodych małżeństw pko umowa pożyczki 500 zł pożyczki prywatne na dowód kredyty chwilówki warszawa puławska kredyt w pko sa forum kredyt konsolidacyjny do jakiej kwoty pożyczki bez bik toruń kredyty bez bik erif krd pożyczki ratunkowe pożyczki pod zastaw gdańsk kredyt bank w plocku kredyty bez sprawdzania w bik katowice podatek od umowy pożyczki między przedsiębiorcami pożyczki warrus pożyczki bocian starogard gdański kredyty chwilówki od 18 lat kredyt samochodowy deutsche bank kalkulator niskie pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki pruszków szybkie pożyczki bez bik na dowód szybkie pożyczki do domu pożyczka na dowód w lesznie banki kredyt bank w leżajsku kredyt bank kody jednorazowe szybkie pożyczki bez bik i krd gdzie uzyskac kredyt bez bik kredyty chwilówki zarząd pcc od pożyczki wspólnika dla spółki opodatkowanie pożyczki od rodziców pożyczki prywatne stalowa wola kredyty chwilowki znin kredyt bankowy przedawnienie roszczeń bocian pożyczki jelenia góra kredyt bank nr kontaktowy getin noble bank kredyt inwestycyjny optima pożyczki opinie pożyczki prywatne jarocin wojewódzki fundusz ochrony środowiska pożyczki podżyrowanie pożyczki jaki jest kod na kredyt do orange kredyt bank placówki godziny otwarcia niezgłoszenie umowy pożyczki pko kredyt mieszkaniowy forum pożyczki w żagiel kredyty bez sprawdzania w bazie bik kredyt bank dział windykacji lublin pożyczki preferencyjne wikipedia pożyczki bez bik 24 kredyt bank w gdyni godziny otwarcia bocian pożyczki gotówkowe forum kalkulator kredytu gotówkowego w banku pocztowym kredyt chwilówki wałbrzych pożyczki gotówkowe w irlandii pozyczki prywatne wloclawek

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad