kredyt bank warszawa śliska pożyczki przez internet lista pożyczki forta kredyt bank kontakt tel kredyt w banku bez umowy o prace pożyczki pod zastaw złota warszawa getin noble bank kredyt samochodowy kredyt bank dzial windykacji kontakt kredyt bank łomża praca kredyt konsolidacyjny kto może dostać kredyt mieszkaniowy w credit agricole opinie kredyt bank morcinka kredyt bank bankomaty bezpłatne kredyt konsolidacyjny jakie banki pożyczki pozabankowe provident wyłudzenie pożyczki provident pożyczki bez bik na telefon kredyty chwilówki 24h kredyt bank biała podlaska rywal pożyczki pomiędzy podmiotami powiązanymi nysa pozyczka online na dowod bez krd i bik przedawnienie umowy pożyczki bankowej wzór wniosku o udzielenie pożyczki z pkzp pożyczki chwilówki via bezpieczny kredyt bez bik forum ing pożyczki opinie kredyt bank vii oddział w warszawie kredyt bank godziny otwarcia włocławek czy istnieją pożyczki prywatne kredyt bank śliska telefon pożyczki chwilówki na telefon i przez internet prywatny inwestor udzieli pożyczki pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości pożyczki w 15 minut online oświadczenie spłaty pożyczki prywatne pożyczki we wrocławiu kredyt bank departament windykacji warszawa kredyt bank ostroleka godziny otwarcia kredyty gotówkowe bez bik gdańsk preferencyjny kredyt studencki w pko bp kredyt bez bik wałbrzych pożyczki dla mikroprzedsiębiorców sms365 przedłużenie pożyczki pożyczki gotówkowe w rodzinie kredyt bank wyplaty z bankomatu kredyt samochodowy na firmę kalkulator umowa pożyczki cel wzór umowy pożyczki na raty kredyt chwilówka 5000 pożyczki pod zastaw mieszkania poznań kiedy odsetki od pożyczki są przychodem udzielić pożyczki po angielsku pszczółka pożyczki opinie kredyt rodzina na swoim w banku pocztowym druk pcc umowa pożyczki kredyt bank cashback pożyczki radziejów udzielę prywatnej pożyczki online getin noble bank kredyt samochodowy infolinia kredyt prawo bankowe definicja kredyty chwilówki koscierzyna kredyt bank kosztorys i harmonogram prac budowlanych pożyczki na własną działalność gospodarczą kredyt bank kalwaria zebrzydowska kredyty chwilówki odroczenie spłaty kredytu studenckiego w pko kredyt w banku pod zastaw nieruchomości pożyczki online chwilówki pożyczki mikołów kredyty bank pko bp sa wzór umowy pożyczki od osoby fizycznej pożyczka typu provident księgowanie środków w kredyt banku pożyczki podobne do providenta płock kredyty chwilówki przez internet pt wygodne pożyczki pożyczki prywatne biała podlaska gdańsk pożyczki bez bik kredyt bank wypłaty z bankomatów bez prowizji kredyty chwilówki brzeg pożyczki p2p kredyty bez biku krakow kredyt w pko bp forum polskie pożyczki opinie pożyczki społeczne w polsce kredyty bez biku dla zadluzonych pożyczki bez bik piotrkow gros pożyczki poznań kredyt studencki pko bp wniosek umowa ramowa pożyczki kredito24 warunki do spelnienia kredyt alior pożyczki chwilowki na terenie wyszkowa ślimak pożyczki kontakt kredyt bank janów kredyt bank zamość kontakt pożyczki darowizny kredyty konsolidacyjne rybnik pożyczki chwilówki przez internet ranking pożyczki prywatne małgorzata lubowiecka umowa pożyczki od osoby prywatnej kredyt studencki pko sa warunki dobry kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyt prywatny świdnica forum pożyczki dla młodych przedsiębiorców umorzenie odsetek od pożyczki księgowanie kredyt mieszkaniowy pracujac za granica szybkie pożyczki śląskie kredyt bank warszawa bielany kredyt konsolidacyjny ge money bank kalkulator pożyczki dla zadłużonych z komornikiem online kredyt konsolidacyjny pnb paribas pożyczki pod zastaw gorzów wlkp kredyt w wbk kalkulator pożyczki na dowód opinie kredyty chwilówki chełm pożyczki od prywatnych inwestorów na weksel kredyt bez biku bez zaświadczeń optima pożyczki inowrocław konto osobiste w kredyt banku umowa pożyczki pieniężnej formularz kredyt bank owf kredyty chwilówki częstochowa kredyt bank janów lubelski mariusz dudziński pożyczki opinie pożyczki na dowód kwidzyn umowa pożyczki zgłoszenie do us podatek od pożyczki ustawa kredyt bank lomianki godziny otwarcia kredyt bank kasprzaka 22 kredyty chwilówki szczecin wyzwolenia pożyczki w domu klienta optima pożyczki kredyty chwilówki pożyczki internetowe bez przelewu pożyczki pozabankowe prywatne pod weksel pko bank polski kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator pożyczki w ramach grupy kapitałowej pożyczki bezpośrednie pożyczki provident kontakt kredyty bez biku opinie umowa pożyczki stowarzyszenie pożyczki pozabankowe 50000 bezpieczny kredyt pozabankowy warunki przyznania kredytu mieszkaniowego w pko bp umowa pożyczki od rodzica konwersja umowy pożyczki obligacyjnej może dotyczyć wzór umowy spłaty pożyczki przedawnienie pożyczki w skoku pożyczki bez bik przasnysz karty płatnicze w kredyt banku kredyty mieszkaniowe warunki przyznania wzór umowy pożyczki wraz z ustanowieniem zastawu credit agricole kredyt konsolidacyjny pożyczki chwilówki płońsk tanie pożyczki bez bik prywatne pożyczki lubin pozyczki leszno kredyty konsolidacyjne olsztyn kredyty bez bik wikipedia pożyczki pomysł na biznes pożyczki dla odrzuconych przez bik umorzenie pożyczki jak zaksięgować kredyt bez bik big krd kredyt refinansowy banku centralnego dobre pożyczki forum kredyt bankowy aktywo czy pasywo szukam pożyczki pozabankowej pożyczki pod zastaw diamentów pożyczki unijne na otwarcie działalności pożyczki pozabankowe wawa kredyt na dowod osobisty gdansk pożyczki na rozwinięcie działalności gospodarczej kredyt bank sa lublin kontakt pozabankowe pożyczki bez bik szybko i prosto kredyty bez bik bytom idea bank oprocentowanie kredytu kredyt technologiczny banki współpracujące kredyty bez bik w uk kredyty bez bik krd wrocław kredyt bank przemyśl ul dworskiego pożyczki bez bik i infomonitor kredyty bez bik w plocku pożyczki chwilówki chełmno infolinia firmy slimak kredyty kredyty chwilówki jaki procent adler pożyczki kredyt bank wejherowo godz otwarcia kredyt bank emilii plater multibank kredyt samochodowy jak zaksięgować umorzenie pożyczki od udziałowca czy idea bank da kredyt zadluzonym opinie lubin pozyczki bocian termin przedawnienia roszczeń z umowy pożyczki kredyty bankowe gdzie w bilansie kredyt bank nowa karta pożyczki bez biku przez internet najprostszy kredyt przez internet bez bik pożyczki od udziałowca w bilansie forum dobrej pożyczki kredyty bez komornika biku wroclaw alior bank kredyt 10000 kredyt gotówkowy w millenium bank kredyt bank śrem telefon kredyt konsolidacyjny przelicznik gus pożyczki wzory umów pożyczki prodomo pożyczki opinie odsetki od pożyczki koszty kredyt bank otwock godziny otwarcia kredyt konsolidacyjny polbank umowa pożyczki historia pożyczka pozabankowa umowa pożyczki między znajomymi wzór pożyczki w banku pko bp kredyt mieszkaniowy dla młodych singli pozyczka dla zadłużonych kredyt bank toruń ul grudziądzka kredyt mieszkaniowy w chf kalkulator umowa pożyczki kwoty pieniężnej oprocentowanie pożyczki w skoku stefczyka tempo finanse pożyczki opinie kredyt z zajęciem komorniczym wzór umowy pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu pożyczki najtańsze doradcy24 pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny online kredyty mieszkaniowe irlandia pozyczki bez zdolnosc bydgoszcz kredyt bank żyrardów kontakt kredyty chwilówki legnica pożyczki lubelskie pożyczki dla zadłużonych bez bik poznań kredyt bank lubin tel kredyt bank lebork godziny otwarcia kredyty przez internet bez bik tani kredyt pozabankowy pożyczki chwilówki bochnia kredyt bank jak aktywować kartę umorzenie pożyczki a kup pożyczki bez bik na telefon kredyty chwilówki warszawa grochowska kredyt konsolidacyjny w boś kurs chf w kredyt banku kredyt w getin banku opinie umowa pożyczki realna czy konsensualna kredyt samochodowy na firmę odliczenia kredyt bank papiery dłużne kredyt bank olsztyn żołnierska godziny otwarcia wzór wniosku o udzielenie pożyczki pkzp kredyt pozabankowy bez bik kredyt bank logowa pożyczki pozabankowe ostróda kredyt bank bilgoraj umowa pożyczki na czas nieoznaczony pożyczki z parp prywatne pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości warszawa przedawnienie pożyczki art pożyczki krótkoterminowe przez internet kronos pożyczki opinie pożyczki gotówkowe typu provident kalkulator kredytów mieszkaniowych rodzina na swoim umowa pożyczki między osobą fizyczną a firmą kredyty chwilówki tychy tel umowa o zwrot pożyczki wzór pożyczki dla rolników 2013 kredyty pozabankowe do 10000 pozyczka z pracy bezprocentowa w uk kredyt bez bik na dowod sosnowiec czy od pożyczki w banku płaci się podatek pożyczki z komornikiem bydgoszcz oprocentowanie kredytu w banku lukas niezgłoszenie pożyczki pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu kraków żyrafa pożyczki podobne pożyczki od udziałowców księgowanie kredyt konsolidacyjny w bs pożyczki od ręki gdynia kredyt bank wykaz placówek kredyt bank w lomiankach wzór umowy pożyczki cywilno prawnej kredyt bank gdańsk godziny otwarcia sobota kredyt na mieszkanie bez banku najlepsze banki po duzy kredyt kredyt studencki pekao dokumenty pożyczki bez bik dla rencistów pożyczki dla osób bezrobotnych pożyczki od osób prywatnych forum oprocentowanie kredytu w idea banku pożyczki dla zadłużonych z komornikiem szczecin kredyt bank sa forum pożyczki bez bik skarbiec kalkulator pożyczki mini ratka pozyczka dla firm bez oprocentowania dotacje białystok natalia kowalczyk pożyczki przeliczenie pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny nowy sacz kredyty bez bik w lesznie kredyt konsolidacyjny wbk bank zachodni kredyt konsolidacyjny po angielsku kredyt bank w tarnowie czy umowa pożyczki musi być zawarta na piśmie pożyczki na chwilę alior bank kredyt przelicznik kredyt firmowy pozabankowy kredyt bank w leżajsku kredyt samochodowy ranking kalkulator kredyt samochodowy bez bik ka pożyczki all money kredyty chwilówki pracuj pl cashflow pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny w alior bank opinie kredyt bank sa warszawa oddziały kredyt bez bik krd big pożyczki w banku pocztowym umorzenie spłaty pożyczki z zfśs kredyt bank w kępnie kredyt bankowy dla msp odsetki od pożyczki koszt uzyskania przychodu ogłoszenia pożyczki prywatne getin bank kredyt samochodowy forum umowa pożyczki od osoby fizycznej pożyczki bez bik 0 eurocash pożyczki lublin umowa pożyczki pieniędzy od rodziny wzór kredyt studencki bank slaski umowa pożyczki wspólnika dla spółki pcc kredyty bez sprawdzania bik kredyt bank lublin narutowicza 55b telefon pożyczki optima kontakt pozyczki chwilowki bez zaswiadczen o zarobkach grojec bank pko kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator pożyczki pod zastaw tczew kredyt mieszkaniowy zasady przyznawania kredyt bank wejherowo godziny otwarcia pożyczki skok chmielewskiego kredyt konsolidacyjny niskie oprocentowanie umowa pożyczki w rodzinie pożyczki chwilówki sieradz kredyt konsolidacyjny w pko forum kredyt pozabankowy dla firm pożyczki bez zdolności kredytowej forum pożyczki oddłużeniowe dla rolników kredyt w credit agricole kalkulator kredyt bank limit dzienny kredyty pozabankowe zielona góra kredyty chwilówki brzesko wzór umowa pożyczki w rodzinie umowa pożyczki pieniędzy word pożyczki myszków pożyczki z urzędu pracy kredyty chwilówki bydgoszcz fordon pożyczki gotówkowe pod zastaw kredyt konsolidacyjny a rodzina na swoim gdzie najłatwiej uzyskać kredyt mieszkaniowy kredyt bank białystok zwycięstwa kredyt bank oddział w piotrkowie trybunalskim szybki kredyt bez bik przez internet kredyty bez sprawdzania w bik najtańszy kredyt bankowy kredyty chwilówki ząbkowice śląskie odmowa pożyczki vivus szybkie pożyczki śląskie bocian pożyczki wałbrzych kredyty bez bik i zaswiadczen o zarobkach kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator bgz druki wniosek o udzielenie pożyczki pkzp w jakim banku wziąć kredyt mieszkaniowy kredyt bank zielonka godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki bez podatku kredyt gotówkowy mieszkaniowy kredyty bez bik forum pożyczki na weksel gdańsk kredyt bank warszawa wlochy kredyt tarnobrzeg pożyczki pod zastaw 24h lombard jagiellońska 11 ubezpieczenie kredytu gotówkowego alior bank kredyty konsolidacyjne z komornikiem kredyt bank foksal godziny kredyt bez bik dla firmy kredyt bank opoczno do jakiego wieku kredyt w banku kredyt bank oferty pracy warszawa kredyt bank sa poznań umowa pożyczki pit kredyt bank bankomaty zielona góra pożyczki od prywatnej osoby udzielenie pożyczki spółce jawnej przez wspólnika kredyty chwilówki pszczyna formularz pożyczki pożyczki prywatne śrem kredyty bez bik kołobrzeg pożyczki bez bik ostrołęka pożyczki online kredyt pozabankowy bez bik kredyt bank mokotów mikropożyczki na start kredyt bank felczaka szczecin kredyt bank warszawa godz otwarcia pożyczki z budżetu państwa kod na kredyt z orange pożyczki gotówkowe dla emerytów kredyt w jakim banku forum pożyczki chwilówki tablica kredyt konsolidacyjny gliwice ceny transferowe pożyczki kredyt bank bogatynia telefon kredyt bank pabianice ul zamkowa pożyczki jak księgować oferteo pożyczki kredyt bez bik 25 tys pożyczki prywatne krosno ubezpieczenie kredytu w fm banku szybkie pożyczki dla firm umowa pożyczki osoba prywatna wzór tablica pl pożyczka na sam dowód mińsk maz pożyczki z internetu umowa pożyczki od firmy pożyczki udzielone pracownikom w bilansie depozyty w kredyt banku umowa odnowienia pożyczki pożyczki dla zadłużonych bez bik prywatne pozyczki w koszalinie kredyt w irlandii bank of ireland kraków pożyczki prywatne pożyczki bez krd pożyczki w poznaniu pożyczki z unii europejskiej pożyczki pod zastaw zgierz pożyczki podporządkowane kredyt chwilówka kondratowicza pożyczki prywatne toruń prywatne pożyczki bez sprawdzania kredyty mieszkaniowe w kredyt banku kredyt bank centrum warszawa pożyczki na dowód bez zaświadczeń przez internet kredyt bank zielona góra adres pozyczki na dowod miesieczne raty podlaskie lomza umorzenie pożyczki podatek dochodowy kredyty bez bik i krd poznań asper pożyczki toruń pożyczki warszawa bez zaświadczeń pożyczki bez bik i krd gdańsk pożyczki bez bik jarosław jak obliczyć odsetki od pożyczki w skali roku pożyczki chwilówki artykuł kredyt bank bródno kredyt w rozumieniu prawa bankowego mg finance pożyczki pożyczki na dowód dla bezrobotnych pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik do 10000 pożyczki dla początkujących firm bank kredyty mieszkaniowe kredyt bank prowadzenie konta kredyty bez bik ciechanów skarabeusz pożyczki przemysl ubezpieczenie pożyczki po co kredyt konsolidacyjny warszawa pożyczki chwilówki szczytno kredyt bank lubin tel wzór umowy pożyczki między firmami kredyt rodzina na swoim w banku pocztowym opinie kredyt bank jakie oprocentowanie kredyt bank lokata ubezpieczeniowa pożyczki internetowe kredyt bank wojska polskiego zielona góra pozyczki dla zadluzonych w bik big krd i erif pożyczki na dowód bez zaświadczeń kłodzko kredyt bankowy a faktoring kredyt bank centrum handlowe warszawa kredyt konsolidacyjny bez małżonka kredyt w eurobanku opinie 2013 kredyty chwilówki praca kredyt bank goleniów godziny otwarcia bocian pozyczki warunki udzielenia kredyty w działalności banku umowa pożyczki środków pieniężnych pożyczki od ręki bydgoszcz pożyczki ranking 2012 kredyt bez bik wbk marża banku kredyt mieszkaniowy kredyt bank arka kredyt bank warszawa kabaty pożyczki dla polaków w londynie parabanki kredyt samochodowy na oświadczenie bez bik umowa pożyczki druk darmowy idea bank kredyt na start firmy opinie kredyt wzor podatek potwierdzenie spłaty pożyczki pożyczki żagań pożyczki pozabankowe dla zadłużonych forum pożyczki pieniężne w rodzinie oprocentowanie kredytu gotówkowego w deutsche bank kredyt konsolidacyjny na ryczałcie kredyt na oswiadczenie w credit agricole pożyczki dla osób z zajęciem komorniczym kredyt bank leszno konstytucji 3 maja udziele pożyczki prywatnie wrocław kredyty bez bik nowy sącz kredyt gotówkowy w santander kalkulator rafał konarski pożyczki kredyty pozabankowe ruda śląska

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

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funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

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Bill Casselman's Words of the World & Canadian Word of the Day:Their Etymologies & General Word Lore at www.billcasselman.com

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad