wzór na odsetki od pożyczki z funduszu socjalnego umowa pożyczki odnawialnej kredyt bank zablokowany token kredyt gotówkowy bez sprawdzania bik czy istnieją pożyczki prywatne mikropożyczki mazowieckie pożyczki bez bik gniezno kredyty chwilówki gdynia kredyt bank warszawa bemowo godziny otwarcia kredyt konsolidacyjny chorzów umowa pożyczki pracownik kredyty chwilowki gdansk bocian pożyczki kalisz kredyt gotówkowy bankier bocian pożyczki raty umowa pożyczki a odsetki kredyt bank promesa czy umowa pożyczki jest ważna przedmiot umowy pożyczki pożyczki udziałowców dla spółki pożyczki bezzwrotne w policji skarabeusz pożyczki tomaszów maz pożyczki dla firm bez bik i zaświadczeń kredyt bank pożyczka na dowód kredyt w postbanku getin bank kredyt samochodowy opinie przelewy w kredyt banku godziny kredyt konsolidacyjny w aig opodatkowanie nieodpłatnej pożyczki kredyt na alimety bez bik kozienice kredyty chwilówki bełchatów pozyczka z obslugą klienta w domu udziele szybkiej pozyczki prywatnej zywiec pożyczki prywatne zawiercie pożyczki złotów ale pozabankowe banki kredyt na mieszkanie pożyczki bez bik krd big kredyt bank zmiana tokena umowa pożyczki pod przymusem kredyty bez bik piotrkow tryb pożyczki chwilówki nowe umowa pożyczki dla dziecka gdzie kredyt bez bik pożyczki gniezno kredyty chwilówki odsetki kredyty chwilówki chorzów rynek forma umowy pożyczki kredyty chwilówki tychy system partner szybka pozyczka pieniezna w dublinie kredyty chwilówki opinie gowork pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości lodz pożyczki bez bik sulechów kredyt bank krotoszyn rynek trudne pozyczki poznan kredyt samochodowy kalkulator bank pocztowy kredyt bank bz wbk santander pożyczki na dowód dzierżoniów najtańsze pożyczki gotówkowe ranking pożyczki wałbrzych niespłacone pożyczki w uk kredyt konsolidacyjny bph getin bank oprocentowanie kredytu dla firm przejęcie kredytu przez firme agata lis pożyczki pożyczki bez bik stargard szczeciński kredyt bankowy w rachunku zysków i strat pożyczki gotówkowe olsztyn kredyt bank centrala lublin kredyt bank gostyń godziny otwarcia wniosek o kredyt studencki bank pekao sa optima pożyczki numer tel pożyczka prywatna od ręki kredyty chwilówki tychy fabryczna 12 kredyt konsolidacyjny chwilowki kredyt bank konsolidacyjny pożyczki pod zastaw legionowo pożyczki do domu warszawa pożyczki świdnik kredyt bank biała podlaska rywal kredyt mieszkaniowy w banku spółdzielczym pożyczki bankowe włocławek ikko pożyczki niepodpisana umowa pożyczki santander consumer bank kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator ubezpieczenie umowy pożyczki kredyt bank krolewska umowy pożyczki po angielsku pożyczki od osób prywatnych bez przedpłat kredyt w gospodarce banku dukat pożyczki czestochowa kredyty chwilowki zary opodatkowanie pożyczki w rodzinie kredyt konsolidacyjny zdunska wola kredyty bez bik płock pożyczki refinansowe pożyczki chwilówki bez bik online pożyczki prywatne dolnośląskie pożyczki z banku wzór oświadczenia pożyczki kredyty chwilówki wolbrom kredyt bank wynagrodzenie pożyczki jeremie pomorskie pożyczki bez meldunku i dochodu chwilówki stargard kredyty mieszkaniowe kalkulator kredyt konsolidacyjny credit agricole kalkulator kredyt bez bik na weksel pożyczki eden finance kredyt studencki pko zasady pożyczki bez bik na zakup mieszkania kredyt mieszkaniowy ile wkladu wlasnego kalkulator obliczania odsetek od pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny w mbanku obliczanie raty pożyczki ing kredyty bez bik przemyśl kredyt mieszkaniowy dla młodego małżeństwa bocian pożyczki bolesławiec referat kredyty kredyt bank osiedle polan poznań wzór umowy pożyczki bez odsetek kredyt bank przemyśl godziny otwarcia wzór umowy pożyczki pieniędzy pod zastaw pożyczki w domu klienta bytom pozyczki pozabankowe na kazdy dochod siedlce pożyczki na rok przez internet kredyt bank kraków ul długa szukam pożyczki śląsk umowa pożyczki w walucie obcej kredyt bank notowania kredyty chwilówki ostrowiec św ewidencja księgowa umowy pożyczki parabanki pożyczki bez bik czy kredyt bankowy jest przychodem pożyczki bez bik prywatne obliczenie raty kredytu mieszkaniowego rodzina na swoim kredyt bank sa lublin kontakt bocian pożyczki malbork kredyt bank kod kosztorys do pożyczki remontowej lukas bank kredyt gotówkowy przez internet pożyczki chwilówki siedlce kredyt bank wbk kalkulator kredyt konsolidacyjny dla pracujących za granicą bocian pożyczki piotrków trybunalski kredyt samochodowy w jakim banku kredyt bank warszawa praca kredyt bank marża kredyt online prominent pożyczki szczecin umorzenie pożyczki zakładowej kredyty pozabankowe bez bik us zus w szczecinie pożyczki niebankowe szczecin kredyt bank bemowo pożyczki na procent wrocław pożyczki września getin bank oprocentowanie kredytu gotówkowego potwierdzenie spłaty pożyczki wzór kredyt do orange pop kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zabezpieczeń forum kredyt bank włodawa getin bank kredyt inwestycyjny oprocentowanie kredyty chwilówki koscierzyna warszawa arkadia kredyty pozyczki do domu świdnica stewczyk w słupsk pozyczka na dowód kredyt pod zastaw samochodu bez bik kredyt bank kościan telefon kredyt bez bik krd big pożyczki w krakowie umowa pożyczki spółki getin bank auto kredyt kalkulator kredyt bank osiedle kazimierzowskie godziny otwarcia wzór umowy pożyczki z zabezpieczeniem wekslowym pożyczki prywatne wołomin kredyt bank sa w pile dwie pożyczki w provident pożyczki takto forum kredyt online idea bank opinie pożyczki online bez bik i zaświadczeń pożyczki 5000 zł kredyt bank warszawa wawelska pozyczki na procent słupsk kredyt bank fb kredyt w lukas banku na dowód druk pożyczki kredyt bank pszów godziny otwarcia kredyt bankowy pan kowalski otrzymał kredyt w banku kredyt bank sa oddział bydgoszcz kredyt bank sa świnoujście kredyt na auto bez bik i krd pożyczki prywatne na działalność gospodarczą pożyczki bez erif pożyczki państwowe pożyczki gotówkowe świdnica kredyt bank średni kurs walut pozyczki bez bik chelmno odpowiedzialność poręczyciela pożyczki potrzebuję pożyczki pod zastaw pożyczki takie jak w providencie ekspres kasa pożyczki pozyczki bez zdolnosci kredytowej torun pożyczki na dowod bez sprawdzaniaw olesnie pożyczki gotówkowe w alior banku kredyt mieszkaniowy dla samotnej osoby kredyt bank w ostrołęce kredyt konsolidacyjny 8 lat kredyt bank leżajsk godziny otwarcia kredyt mieszkaniowy 60000 kredyt konsolidacyjny bank zachodni wbk pożyczki na dowód do ręki pozyczki w uk po polsku kredyty pozabankowe bez bik i krd pożyczki gotówkowe santander kredyt kielce prowizji skarabeusz pożyczki gliwice kredyty bez zaświadczeń forum umarzanie pozyczek w parabankach niespłacony kredyt w banku kredyt w banku pocztowym dla policjantów pożyczki prywatne w poznaniu kredyt bank godziny otwarcia bydgoszcz kredyt bank investor relations kredyt bank miechów forum biedronka pożyczki kredyt bank 24 zaloguj pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości wrocław kredyty chwilówki jastrzębie zdrój śląska kredyt bank fundusze nieruchomości bocian pożyczki łódź pożyczki kasa fiskalna szybkie pożyczki online w uk kredyty bez bik poznań głogowska kredyt w banku alior kredyty bez biku radlin citibank regulamin pożyczki szybkie pożyczki bez bik wrocław bocian pożyczki kontakt kredyt bank rozmowa kwalifikacyjna kredyt konsolidacyjny wbk 2014 kredyt bank decyzja kredytowa pożyczki pozabankowe oświęcim kredyt konsolidacyjny gdzie najlatwiej kredyt bank grodzisk mazowiecki kontakt formularz pożyczki gotówkowej potrącenie pożyczki z wynagrodzenia kredyt mieszkaniowy zarobki 2000 kod do kredytu orange pewny kredyt konsolidacyjny umowa pożyczki z przechowaniem zastawu pożyczki rolowane pcc od pożyczki termin bank pko bp kredyty studenckie pożyczki bez bik rzeszów pilne umowa pożyczki wzór do pobrania kredyt bank grojecka warszawa kredyt 2500 toruŃ umowa pożyczki opracowanie kredyt bank chwilówka jaki numer na kredyt w orange odsetki od pożyczki udzielonej przez udziałowca a pit pożyczki pod zastaw rtv kraków kredyt studencki który bank wybrać kredyt bank pelna nazwa oświadczenie o wypowiedzeniu umowy pożyczki szybkie pozyczki bez bik krd z komornikiem torun kredyt samochodowy w santander consumer kredyt mieszkaniowy samotna matka pożyczki prywatne ciechocinek kredyt konsolidacyjny wzór kredyt studencki pko bp 2012 kredyty mieszkaniowe 2008 sms365 przedłużenie pożyczki pożyczki prywatne bochnia pożyczki chwilówki brzeg szybki kredyt dla firm bez bik pożyczki konsolidacyjne kredyty mieszkaniowe wyliczenie rat mennica pożyczki opinie kredyty chwilowki glogow umowa pożyczki ściąga jak otrzymac kredyt bez biku kredyt konsolidacyjny alior sync santander kredyt samochodowy prowizja kalkulator pożyczki alior bank pożyczki bez sprawdzania historii kredytowej umowa pożyczki a podatek dochodowy kredyt bank ostrołęka godziny pracy banki udzielajace kredyty bez bik kredyt bank koszalin piłsudskiego godziny otwarcia kredyt konsolidacyjny gdańsk kredyty bez biku inowrocław wniosek o preferencyjny kredyt studencki pko bp kredyt konsolidacyjny i dodatkowa gotówka pożyczki dla zadłużonych w bik u kredyt bez bik na 10 lat kredyty w meritum bank pozyczki elblag bez zaswiadczen bocian pożyczki starogard gdański kredyt bez bik optima pożyczki chwilówki śląskie pożyczki dla pracowników w bilansie pożyczki chwilówki trójmiasto kredyty chwilówka jelenia góra pożyczki konsolidacyjne bez zdolności kredytowej pożyczki mieszkaniowe kalkulator pożyczki chwilówki swarzędz umowy pożyczki po angielsku pożyczki gotówkowe bocian kasa stefczyka pożyczki kredyt novum bez bik kredyt bank sa lublin kontakt kredyt bank lublin narutowicza 55b kontakt najniższe oprocentowanie pożyczki gotówkowej 2013 kredyt bank warka pożyczki najkorzystniejsze kredyt bankowy jako żródło finansowania pożyczki gotówkowe na dowud bez biku wycena odsetek od pożyczki na dzień bilansowy kredyt studencki pko bp odroczenie spłaty bank pko bp wniosek o kredyt studencki kredyty chwilówki sandomierz pożyczki chwilówki na dowód opinie kredyty chwilówki złotoryja kredyty mieszkaniowe banki oprocentowanie depozytów w kredyt banku kredyty w banku pocztowym forum kredyt mieszkaniowy polbank kalkulator kredyt studencki pko regulamin odsetki od pożyczki obliczanie kalkulator rat pożyczki pożyczki bocian lubelskie bank pko sa kredyty opinie kredyty bez biku tychy pożyczki bez bik od 19 lat kredyt na samochód dla firm bez bik kredyt bank marża umowa pożyczki do druku kredyt konsolidacyjny jelenia góra pożyczki na dowód forum pożyczki pozabankowe bez zaświadczeń bydgoszcz bank żubr gliwice pożyczka kredyty bez biku piła umowa pożyczki na wykup mieszkania pożyczki bez bik wronki placówki kredyt banku w katowicach pożyczki bez zaświadczeń provident jaka kwota pożyczki jest wolna od podatku kredyt bank gorzów kontakt wzór umowy pożyczki z zfron kredyt bank przemyśl ul dworskiego kredyt bank wągrowiec kalkulator pożyczki gotówkowej w pko kredyt bank grojecka warszawa umowa pożyczki z funduszu socjalnego kredyt bank oprocentowanie ror pożyczki prow kredyt bank warszawa jana pawła kredyt bank pila godziny otwarcia getin bank oferta pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny czy warto forum kredyty pożyczki bez bik na oświadczenie kredyt bank ostróda kontakt uczciwe pożyczki prywatne spłata pożyczki angielski pożyczki w kilka minut umowa pożyczki pcc a vat pożyczki od 18 lat online kredyt gotówkowy a umowa na czas określony bocian pożyczki regulamin pożyczki prywatne pod weksel warszawa oprocentowanie pożyczki z zfśs pożyczki bez bik łódź pożyczki pozabankowe w 15 min pożyczka 40000 zl bez biku koszty udzielenia pożyczki kredyt bank bielany wrocławskie kontakt pożyczki pozabankowe białogard kredyt dla nowych firm puławy pożyczki wspólpraca kredyt prostoliczony lukas bank kalkulator kredyt bank w sulechowie kredyt konsolidacyjny w skok piast kredyt konsolidacyjny w banku zachodnim wbk pożyczki oddłużeniowe pozabankowe kredyty mieszkaniowe w banku spółdzielczym pożyczki w domu koszalin pożyczki bez bik kościan pożyczki chwilówki na dowód bez bik pożyczki blog optima pożyczki wrocław kredyt bank swidnica pożyczki grudziądz koszty pozwu o zwrot pożyczki kredyt w banku a zgon kredyt konsolidacyjny dla polakow w uk kredyt bank lease pożyczka wieloratalna przez internet kredyt konsolidacyjny radom kredyt w banku ing forum kredyt bank lębork godziny otwarcia kredyt bez bik kościan pożyczki konsolidacyjnej kredyty chwilówki tychy budowlanych kredyt gotówkowy eurobank forum pożyczki na dowód do ręki getin noble bank ubezpieczenie kredytu kredyty bez biku i komornika pożyczki w lublinie pożyczki gotówkowe w rodzinie szybkie pożyczki bez bik wałbrzych kredyty i pożyczki długoterminowe w bilansie kredyt konsolidacyjny 2014 ranking proton kredyt częstochowa kredyt studencki w pko bank polski kredyty bez biku kraków kredyt samochodowy mbank online marża banku kredyt mieszkaniowy kredyt konsolidacyjny millenium bank opinie kredyt mieszkaniowy niskie dochody kredyt bank pełna nazwa atrakcyjne pożyczki kredyt bank ostrobramska godziny otwarcia kredyt bank łódż bednarska kredyt samochodowy na firmę dokumenty pożyczki pod zastaw kościan gdzie uzyskac kredyt bez bik kredyt bank jana pawła kredyty bez bik wadowice kredyt bank opłaty za przelewy pożyczki gotówkowe eurocent kredyt bank grójecka godziny otwarcia kredyt getin bank online pożyczki gotówkowe pod zastaw umowa pożyczki gotówka kredyt bank warszawa kabaty pożyczki bez bik big kredyt konsolidacyjny bez bik pozyczka podobna do bocianakielce kredyt bank zgierz kontakt pożyczki pod zastaw rtv nowy sącz kredyt bank żagiel lublin kontakt kredyt gotówkowy w jakim banku najlepiej forum szybki kredyt bankowy bez bik lublin mafia pozyczki pożyczki w domu klienta optima odsetki od pożyczki a koszt podatkowy pożyczki bez granic siemianowice śląskie umowa pożyczki firmie kredyt ratalny alior bank opinie bankomaty kredyt bank konin pożyczki chwilówki przez internet forum pożyczki długoterminowe na dowód godziny pracy kredyt banku w warszawie kredyt w fiat bank chwilówki poznań pożyczki poznań chwilówki luboń pozyczki w uk po polsku zopa pożyczki udzielane przez parabanki wzór podania o umorzenie pożyczki mieszkaniowej kredyt samochodowy pozabankowy gdzie szybki kredyt bez bik kredyt pozabankowy 5000 zl kredyt refinansowy w banku centralnym kredyty bez bik na samochód kredyt bank gdynia chwaszczyńska pożyczki referat kredyt bank ceny walut alior bank kredyt dla firm umowa pożyczki charakter kredyt konsolidacyjny bez małżonka bocian pożyczki iława w jakim banku daja kredyt na dowód kredyt bank kielce kredyt bank logowanie do konta kredyty na dowód bez biku kredyt bank piaseczno optima pożyczki numer tel kredyt bank kolo kredyt bank iv oddział warszawa kredyt bank w tomaszowie lubelskim chwilowki pozyczki w domu bytom kredyty preferencyjne banki szybkie pożyczki pierwsza za darmo pożyczki chwilówki na konto kredyt pozabankowy bez bik krd kredyt bez bik skok pożyczki gotówkowe bez poręczycieli kredyt w banku na firme umowa pożyczki z pracownikiem płock pożyczki bez bik umowa na czas określony kredyt mieszkaniowy forum lombard pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości oświadczenie o spłacie pożyczki kredyty chwilówki lokaty pożyczki będzin bocian pożyczki opinia kredyt bank żagiel lublin narutowicza oblicz ratę pożyczki ing kredyt mieszkaniowy w getin banku kredyt studencki pekao sa poręczyciele pożyczki bez bik w białymstoku

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad