odsetki karne od niespłaconej pożyczki pożyczki w domu klienta rybnik kredyt bank kwidzyn godziny otwarcia kredyt gotówkowy bez bik bank kredyt bez bik 10 000 w bielsku białej kredyt bank łowicz telefon kredyt bank kurs akcji pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości szczecin pożyczki chwilówki gostyń pożyczki na dowód bez bik kalkulator pożyczki mysłowice getin bank kredyt bez zaświadczenia pożyczki krótkoterminowe definicja kredyt bez bik opole kredyt bank kb token kredyt bank szczecin dąbie godziny otwarcia bocian pożyczki sosnowiec szybkie pożyczki w 15 minut kredyty chwilówki jakie raty pożyczki prywatne zabrze szybkie pożyczki inowrocław slimak pozyczki kontakt kredyt bank świętokrzyskie formularz pożyczki wzór pożyczki prywatne łowicz kredyty bez bik forum pożyczki internet kokos pożyczki wniosek o kredyt konsolidacyjny wzór kredyt bez bik w lublinie kredyt bank rawicz godziny otwarcia kredyty chwilówki kępno pożyczki bez bik sopot kredyt dla emeryta w getin banku kredyt studencki ranking banków pożyczki dla bezrobotnych online kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator millenium koszt przelewu zagranicznego kredyt bank pożyczki polbank lukas bank kredyt gotówkowy przez internet pożyczki pod zastaw gdańsk kto płaci podatek pcc od pożyczki umowa pożyczki gotówki wzór pdf umowa pożyczki dla siostry kredyty bankowe konto kredyt bank logo eps umowa pożyczki dla spólki kredyt w ing bank śląski forum oprocentowanie kredytu mieszkaniowego getin bank umowa pożyczki pieniędzy do spółki pożyczki prywatne pod weksel kielce wyliczanie pożyczki kredyt bank sprzedany santander kredyt bank białystok zwycięstwa 8 c kredyt bank wyliczenie raty pożyczki online bez bik i krd kredyt pozabankowy gliwice umowa pożyczki dla stowarzyszenia kredyt bez bik wloclawek kredyty chwilówki grodzisk mazowiecki kredyt bank przelicznik rat wyłudzenie pożyczki prywatnej kredyty konsolidacyjne gotówkowe wzór na odsetki od pożyczki getin bank kredyt samochodowy jastrzębie zdrój w jakim banku wziąć kredyt opinie kredyt konsolidacyjny santander kalkulator pożyczki chwilówki tczew kredyt konsolidacyjny przez internet skarabeusz pożyczki dąbrowa górnicza kredyt pozabankowy bydgoszcz dobre szybkie pozyczki bez biku i krd pożyczki unijne na otwarcie działalności pożyczki dla bezrobotnych i zadłużonych oblicz oprocentowanie pożyczki w skali roku kredyt bank s a centrala kontakt kredyty chwilówki gowork skarabeusz pożyczki gliwice kredyt bank lista placówek kredyt bank w nowej hucie restrukturyzację pożyczki kredyty bez biku dąbrowa górnicza kredyt bank kołobrzeska gdańsk pożyczki chwilówki mysłowice kredyt konsolidacyjny windykacja kredyt bank wroclaw plac solny umowa pożyczki z synem pożyczki czeladź mały kredyt konsolidacyjny pożyczki pozabankowe rybnik kredyt bank leszno konstytucji 3 maja pożyczki chwilówki kasprowicza kredyt mieszkaniowy niskie dochody kredyt bez biku koszalin pożyczki z komornikiem bez bik oblicz ratę pożyczki pekao umowa pożyczki dla obcokrajowca kredyty bez bik w czestochowie kredyty chwilówki będzin pożyczki typu wonga pożyczki bez bik łódz kredyt bez bik i krd kraków umowa pożyczki miedzy członkami rodziny pożyczki prywatne sosnowiec panda pożyczki opinie udzielenie pożyczki z budżetu gminy pko bp poznań kredyt studencki kredyt na oswiadczenie w credit agricole pożyczki dla zadłużonych gdańsk szybkie pożyczki krotoszyn wycena pożyczki w walucie obcej na dzień bilansowy kredyt bez bik 10 00ibez zaświatczen pożyczki gotówkowe pod zastaw koszalin kurs chf w kredyt banku bkie pozyczki domowe kraków wniosek o udzielenie pożyczki z zakładu pracy kredyt konsolidacyjny na spłatę karty kredytowej ubezpieczenie pożyczki w razie śmierci pozyczka na dlugi pod weksel kredyt bank obotrycka gorzów wzór umowy pożyczki z wekslem kredyt bank w częstochowie pożyczki na dowód choszczno szybkie pożyczki dla rolników umowa pożyczki spółki z o o pożyczka bez zdolności kredytowej w jakim banku najtańszy kredyt mieszkaniowy kredyt bank powstańców śląskich warszawa bank zachodni kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator kredyt prywatny bez bik krd pleszew pilne kredyt mieszkaniowy karta podatkowa kredyt bank goleniów godziny otwarcia żyrafa pożyczki pl www pl a umowa pożyczki pieniędzy między osobami fizycznymi kredyty pozabankowe lubuskie optima pożyczki chojnice preferencyjny kredyt studencki banki profit pożyczki bydgoszcz szybki kredyt bez bik gdańsk kredyt konsolidacyjny pko konwersja pożyczki na kapitał kredyt bez bik kalisz pożyczki chwilówki bez konta pożyczki z ebi bezpłatne pożyczki chwilówki kredyty mieszkaniowe wkład własny kredyt mieszkaniowy millenium forum pożyczki pod zastaw radom kredyty bez bik kołobrzeg pożyczki gotówkowe bez bik szczecin pożyczki online bez wychodzenia z domu pożyczki chwilówki kalkulator pożyczki bez bik i krd olsztyn kredyty bez zaświadczeń i biku racibórz umowa pożyczki wspólników kod orange na pozyczenie pieniedzy na konto kredyt konsolidacyjny jakie warunki kredyt bez biku szczecinek wzór umowy o pożyczkę w zastaw kredyt mieszkaniowy 3x0 w credit agricole pcc od pożyczki od udziałowca 2013 pożyczki ala provident pożyczki krecik opinie kredyty chwilówki ruda śląska halemba warunki pożyczki w providencie pozyczka kredyt bez bik krd kredyt bank włocławek plac wolności kontakt kredyt bank włocławek promienna godziny idea bank kredyt na start firmy opinie ujawnienie pożyczki kredyt mieszkaniowy dla młodych singli kredyt bez bik chełm szukam pożyczki śląsk pożyczki z zajęciem komorniczym kredyt konsolidacyjny najmniejsze oprocentowanie spłata pożyczki proz pożyczki gotówkowe piła kredyt konsolidacyjny alior sync pożyczki żyrafa opinie kredyt konsolidacyjny na 25 lat bank pekao sa kredyt na samochód kredyt bankowy pożyczki gotówkowe ciechanów umowa pożyczki od rodziny wzór kredyt w banku getin bank kredyt bank wejherowo godziny otwarcia nowy kredyt w domu umowa dotycząca pożyczki kredyt w banku zachodnim wbk pożyczki bez bik do 20 tys kredyt oddłużeniowy pozabankowy pożyczki z urzędu pracy kredyt bank kampania telefoniczna kredyty chwilówki gdańsk opinie kredyt mieszkaniowy obliczenia umowa pożyczki mieszkaniowej z zfśs wzór gdzie dają pożyczki na dowód pożyczki gogolin pożyczki bez sprawdzania w bazach danych pożyczki społecznościowe bezpieczeństwo paulina gąska pożyczki nowe pozyczki bez bik pożyczki chwilówki jaki procent pożyczki gotówkowe ranking umowa pożyczki zawarta za granicą kredyt mieszkaniowy bez wkładu własnego 2012 kredyt bank wyzwolenia kredyt bez bankowy umowa pożyczki pieniężnej z poręczeniem kredyt samochodowy kalkulator bank pocztowy pożyczki bez krd olsztyn argentum pożyczki banki ktore udzielaja pozyczek na dowod pożyczki prywatne żyrardów pożyczki finansowo kredyt bankowy definicja pdf pożyczki wieloratalne bez bik poręczyciel pożyczki kredyt bank ul targowa godziny otwarcia kalkulator pożyczki gotówkowej pekao sa kredyt mieszkaniowy na mieszkanie w kamienicy wzór umowy pożyczki zfśs pozyczki 7 abis pożyczki kredyty bez bik dla bezrobotnych przedłużenie pożyczki kredyt bank piła sikorskiego godziny otwarcia pozyczki bepozyczki bez bik naklo nad notecia kredyty pożyczki bankowe kredyt bank międzyzdroje tel kredyt bank katowice kościuszki część pożyczki państwowej kwoty pożyczki zwolnione od podatku kredyt bankowy referat pożyczki od osób prywatnych szczecin kredyt bank świecie godziny otwarcia szukam pożyczki szczecin kredyty chwilówki praca warszawa kredyt samochodowy mbank pożyczki chwilówki na umowe zlecenie umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs a przychód pracownika kredyt bank w wałbrzychu kredyt konsolidacyjny dla osob pracujacych za granica pomocne pożyczki kredyt bank siedlce piłsudskiego godziny otwarcia spłata kredytu studenckiego w pko bp szybkie pożyczki prywatne pod weksel kredyty pod zastaw nieruchomości bez bik kredyt bank conrada godziny otwarcia pożyczki bez bik dla emerytów kredyt bank italy kredyt bank departament windykacji kontakt kredyt na pit kredyt samochodowy w santander consumer pożyczki w getin banku opinie umowa pożyczki ratalnej wzór warunkowa umowa pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki przez internet bez bik kredyt odnawialny w alior banku opinie gdzie można dostać kredyt bez sprawdzania w bik kredyt bank toruń fosa bocian pożyczka nr tele ekspresowe pożyczki gotówkowe w domu klienta kredyty chwilówki opinie praca pożyczki kredyty bez historii poznan pożyczki pod zastaw auta łódź pożyczki bez bik i krd opole kredyt bank ul targowa godziny otwarcia kredyty bez biku leszno pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości białystok bocian pożyczki opinię kredyt bank poznań kontakt pożyczki polaków umowa pożyczki opodatkowanie odsetek kredyt bank ełk ul słowackiego prodomo pożyczki gdańsk pożyczki tomaszów maz kredyt bank rekomendacje jakie oprocentowanie pozyczki gotowkowej w pekao bp kredyt bank siedlce godziny otwarcia prywatne pożyczki kościan pożyczki chwilówki dzierżoniów umowa pożyczki raty kredyt w banku spółdzielczym a bik ing pożyczki opinie umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs wzór pożyczki prywatne pod zastaw nieruchomości koszt przelewu kredyt bank kredyt bank komisji edukacji narodowej żyrafa pożyczki chwilówki praca pożyczki chwilówki pożyczki pozabankowe z bikiem kredyt samochodowy pozabankowy kredyt mieszkaniowy dochody z zagranicy umowa o udzielenie pożyczki mieszkaniowej z zfśs pożyczka bez bik kredyty chwilówki środa wlkp kredyt pozabankowy dla bezrobotnych pożyczki gotówkowe w bankach umowa pożyczki jak zaksięgować kredyt bank akcjonariat kredyt pozabankowy kielce potrącenie z wynagrodzenia pożyczki z zfśs umorzenie pożyczki po angielsku pożyczki prywatne gorzów kredyty bez bik jelenia góra kredyt bank cz santander consumer bank kredyt samochodowy kalkulator pożyczka w walucie obcej przez internet kredyty bez weryfikacji bik kredyt bank piłsudskiego koszalin kredyt bank rybnik godziny otwarcia pożyczki do ręki kredyt bank awaria systemu pożyczki bez poręczeń kredyty chwilówki kraków librowszczyzna 1 kredyt bank wolontariat pracowniczy placówki kredyt banku w białymstoku chwilowka tczew czy dostane pozyczke na dowod zgorzelec pozyczka prywatna pozyczka sms dla zadluzonych jestem w bik oprocentowania w kredyt banku w jakim banku wziąć kredyt konsumpcyjny wzór umowa pożyczki na cele mieszkaniowe z zfśs kredyt bank żukowo meritum bank kredyt konsolidacyjny oprocentowanie kredyty online bez bik bocian pożyczki stargard szczeciński pożyczki społecznościowe co to umowa zwrot pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki przez internet forum kredyty chwilówki turek kredyt bankowy w księgach rachunkowych kredyty chwilówki białystok praca pożyczki w pko bank polski kredyty chwilowki lask kredyty pozabankowe bez zaswiadczen kredyt bank warszawa kondratowicza godziny otwarcia kredyty bez bik i krd zielona góra pcc od pożyczki od rodziny czy od pożyczki płacimy podatek kredyt bank zmiana adresu prolongata pożyczki pekao sa udzielenie pożyczki spółce przez spółkę pożyczki bez bik w banku kredyt wg prawa bankowego umowa pożyczki pomiędzy członkami rodziny pożyczki chwilówki inowrocław ul dworcowa kredyt studencki pko zaświadczenie z uczelni kredyt gotówkowy a umowa na czas określony kredyt w ulster bank ie umowa pożyczki od wspólnika wzór kredyt konsolidacyjny z bikiem kredyt bank łeba kredyt bank w głogowie pozyczki bocian dla zadluzonych i w bik opole pożyczki prywatne kredyt bank oddział lublin kredyty bez bik w lodzi umowa pożyczki wzór za darmo pożyczki chwilówki uk wniosek o kredyt studencki pko bp kredyt samochodowy dla nowo powstałych firm odsetki od pożyczki jako koszt podatkowy kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator 2012 pożyczki od rodziny ewidencja księgowa pożyczki z zfśs kredyt bank w warszawie godziny otwarcia kredyt bank w elku w jakim banku wziąć kredyt studencki kredyty bez bik na samochód mini pożyczki bez bik kredyt bank police pko bp kredyt studencki oświadczenie poręczyciela pozyczk tygodniowki elbląg marcin adler pożyczki wypowiedzenie kredytu getin bank kredyty chwilowki wloclawek ekspresowe pożyczki gotówkowe pożyczki z sektora pozabankowego kredyt bez bik jastrzebie oddziały kredyt banku w poznaniu pożyczki bez bik do 10000 pożyczki prywatne kołobrzeg kredyt w banku getin kredyt bank filie jak wziasc kredyt telefonicznie w wbk kredyt odnawialny w banku pekao sa bocian pożyczki iława pożyczki dla zadłużonych bez bik na oświadczenie lokata kredyt bank opinie aktualizacja wartości pożyczki kredyt bankowy a zamówienia publiczne kredyt samochodowy dla rencistów kredyt bank iii oddział łódź pozyczki w domu klienta kredyt bank kredyty mieszkaniowe kwota pożyczki bez podatku ebroker pożyczki opinie bank pko sa kredyty mieszkaniowe cesja umowy pożyczki wzór umowa pożyczki gotówki kredyt konsolidacyjny oferty banków ewidencja odsetek od udzielonej pożyczki kod kredytu w orange kredyt bank radość pożyczki na dowód żywiec natychmiastowa wymagalność pożyczki kredyt samochodowy dla nowej spółki pożyczki bez bik tablica umowa pożyczki pieniężnej pożyczki chwilówki w przemyślu poszukuję pożyczki pod weksel bocian pożyczki przez internet pożyczki pekao kredyty bez bik decyzja online pożyczki z komornikiem nefis pożyczki oszukuje pozyczki niebankowe podobne do providenta wypowiedzenie ubezpieczenia z kredytu kredyt bez bik 2000 kredyt bank 224 pożyczki grochowska pożyczki novum opinie wzór umowy pożyczki z funduszu socjalnego pożyczki pod zastaw mieszkania nfośigw pożyczki preferencyjne kredyt mieszkaniowy harmonogram spłat udzielę pożyczki pod weksel kraków kredyt w banku warunki pożyczki chwilówki żagań kredyty mieszkaniowe dopłaty państwa pożyczki łódź chwilówki lista firm pożyczki na działalność gospodarczą kredyt w banku spółdzielczym bez bik kredyty chwilówki reklama kredyt bank oferta pracy szybkie pożyczki głogów pożyczki online 15 min pożyczki bez bik 5000 kredyt konsolidacyjny 5 tys szybkie pożyczki pozabankowe warszawa kruk pozyczki dla zadluzonych czy kredyt bankowy jest przychodem szybkie pożyczki prywatne pod weksel wzór na obliczenie pożyczki z zfśs morgis pożyczki opinie 24 h pożyczki telefon polska pożyczki chwilówki stalowa wola oprocentowanie pożyczki odnawialnej ing pozyczki pod weksel olkusz pozyczka bez biku Środa wlkp pożyczki kieszonkowe poręczenie kredytu studenckiego pko bp jak dostać kredyt bez bik kredyty pozabankowe lubin kredyty mieszkaniowe dla polakow pracujacych za granica pożyczki na dowód debica kredyt bez bik nowy sącz kredyty chwilówki zasady kredyt na koniec dnia w banku centralnym pożyczki bez bik wrocław kredyt 2500 toruŃ spłata kredytu studenckiego pko bp na jakie konto getin bank kredyt bez zaświadczeń o zarobkach pożyczki pozabankowe olsztyn najkorzystniejszy kredyt mieszkaniowy na rynku kredyt konsolidacyjny czy warto forum kredyt studencki forum wizaz szukam kredytu bez bik i krd zajęcie komornicze pożyczki z zfśs pożyczki udzielane w domu klienta warszawa niespłacenie pożyczki rola kredyt bankowy kredyt bocian w jakim banku najłatwiej o kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyt bez bik chełm kredyt bank ekstrapremia kredyt pozabankowy bez bik online pewny kredyt onlain pożyczki novum kruk s a kredyty chwilówki kraków wielopole kredyt odnawialny w eurobank pożyczki dla małych firm na start umowa pożyczki dla siostry kredyt obrotowy w idea banku opinie pożyczki przez internet pro domo pożyczki kołobrzeg kredyty bez bik sosnowiec odnowienie pożyczki w koncie umorzenie pożyczki a koszt podatkowy pcc od pożyczki udziałowca 2013 szybkie pożyczki tychy kredyt konsolidacyjny pekao sa kalkulator kredyt mieszkaniowy w uk forum umowa pożyczki pieniędzy pod zastaw nieruchomości kredyty pozabankowe tczew kredyt bank lodz wolczanska pozyczki żary na dowod pożyczki udzielone księgowanie

 Follow BillCasselman on Twitter

   

“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

                Funny Canadian Sayings / Quebec Sayings / Canadian Words

Previous Columns/ All Entries / Contact / SiteMap / Bio
Buy My Books Online / Schedule / Photos / Buy Ad Here

Bibliography of my works published in book form My Blog / Good Reviews /

More Features of this Website

 

Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad

 
 
Bill Casselman's Words of the World & Canadian Word of the Day:Their Etymologies & General Word Lore at www.billcasselman.com

 Follow BillCasselman on Twitter

   

“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

                Funny Canadian Sayings / Quebec Sayings / Canadian Words

Previous Columns/ All Entries / Contact / SiteMap / Bio
Buy My Books Online / Schedule / Photos / Buy Ad Here

Bibliography of my works published in book form My Blog / Good Reviews /

More Features of this Website

 

Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad