kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator bez bik pożyczki prywatne dolnośląskie kredyt bank kupił santander kredyt bank poznan krauthofera kredyt bank infolinia 24h luban sl pozyczki prywatne pożyczki okey wyrok umowa pożyczki kredyt mieszkaniowy ing forum pożyczki opodatkowanie kredyt bank jastrowie kontakt opodatkowanie umorzonej pożyczki z zfśs kredyty chwilowki lomza kredyt bank piekary pożyczki oddłużeniowe kredyt chwilówka bochnia szukam pożyczki pozabankowej prywatnej kredyty chwilówki partner kredyt bank historia banku szybki kredyt przez internet bez bik i krd kody na kredyt do orange pożyczki gotówkowe na pit pozyczki prywatne online w debicy szybkie pożyczki przez internet na raty mcredit oferuje pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik bocian pożyczki zgierz kredyt bank rachunek depozytowy kredyt bez konta w banku najszybsze pożyczki online kredyt bank modrzewiowa bydgoszcz pożyczki ekspresowe legnica pożyczki społecznościowe statystyki wysokie pożyczki prywatne rzeszów pożyczki prywatne bez bik poznań kredyt bankowy na otwarcie firmy pożyczki na procent kraków kredyt bank polisolokata kredyt chwilówka w krakowie wszystkie pożyczki przez internet pożyczki tanie kredyty pożyczki gwarancje bankowe kredyt bank gdańsk chałubińskiego godziny otwarcia szybkie pożyczki bytom kredyt konsolidacyjny w alior banku kredyt samochodowy dla firm ranking meritum bank kredyty online pożyczki gotówkowe gros które banki dają kredyt w euro pożyczki lendon kredyt mieszkaniowy program prywatne pożyczki lubin pożyczki na realizację programów naprawczych jst krecik pożyczki opinie pożyczki meritum umowa pożyczki od udziałowca a pcc kredyt bank krakow oddzialy kredyt bank lokaty lipiec 2013 kredyty chwilówki opinie windykacja wycena pożyczki w walucie na dzień bilansowy kredyt bankowy po rozwodzie kredyt bank piotrków armii krajowej kredyt bank chełm tel prywatne pożyczki gotówkowe bez bik parabanki i pozyczki pozabankowe od zaraz kredyty mieszkaniowe 2014 zmiany pożyczki pozabankowe ostrołęka w jakim banku najlepiej brać kredyt mieszkaniowy pożyczki bez bik 25000 kredyt bank ekstrapremia kredyt bankowy a faktoring kredyty konsolidacyjne ze złą historią w bik kredyty bankowe rachunkowość kredyt samochodowy dla firm dokumenty kredyt bank godziny otwarcia poznań szybki kredyt pozabankowy pożyczki mieszkaniowe kalkulator pożyczki chwilówki 24 atut pożyczki opinie pozyczki w domu slimak i inne bydgoszcz bank spółdzielczy kredyt na mieszkanie pożyczki na własną działalność pozyczki pozabankowe okolice boleslawiec zdunska wola pożyczki bez bik do 6000 pozyczki chwilowki optima krakow pożyczki długoterminowe bez zaświadczeń kredyt bank w pile bocian pozyczki grojec kredyt bank wyniki finansowe 2012 kredyt online bez biku umowa pożyczki pomiędzy spółką a osobą fizyczną umowa umorzenia pożyczki pożyczki w pko sa drugi kredyt w innym banku kredyty bankowe wady i zalety pożyczki prywatne sosnowiec pożyczki krosno szybkie pożyczki kutno kredyt studencki pko sa 2013 pożyczki poznań na dowód kredyty mieszkaniowe na 100 wartości kredyt bank sa oddział w lublinie idea bank kredyt konsolidacyjny opinie kredyt bank brodno umowa pożyczki pomiędzy firmami pożyczki bez bik i krd głogów kredyt samochodowy dominet bank pożyczki bez bik we wrocławiu kredyt bez bik polkowice pożyczki bocian pruszcz gdański partner pożyczki warszawa preferencyjny kredyt studencki pko forum kredyty bez bik wroclaw pożyczki dla przedsiębiorczych kredyt bank rebranding umowa pożyczki mieszkaniowej kredyty bez bik dla zadłużonych olsztyn pożyczka w domu warszawa i okolice kredyty bez bik piotrków optima pożyczki dla domu getin noble bank kredyty samochodowe jastrzębie zdrój kredyt bank wynagrodzenie pożyczki udzielane w domu klienta kredyty chwilówki warszawa kredyt bank online kredyt bank jarosław wysoka prezyznawalnośc pozyczek konsolidacyjnych godziny otwarcia kredyt banku w poznaniu kredyt dla zadluzonych milleniumbank kredyt bank bielsko tel pko bp kredyt mieszkaniowy wymagania kredyt bank strzegomska godziny otwarcia kredyt bez biku forum kredyt bank wychodzące kredyty chwilówki z komornikiem kredyt bank bankomaty kraków udzielę pożyczki pod weksel 2013 kredyt samochodowy toyota bank szybkie pożyczki bez bik i krd płock kredyty w jakim banku provident warunki pożyczki pozyczka 15 tys przez internet pożyczki akces bocian pożyczki krs kredyt bank brzeziny kredyt bank przetargi kredyt samochodowy w deutsche bank pożyczki chwilówki pomorskie kredyt chwilówki żary mbank pożyczki dla firm dobranie kredytu w credit agricole pozyczki od 18 lat wrocław kredyt bank toruń ul grudziądzka kredyt mieszkaniowy proces niskie pożyczki czy kredyt konsolidacyjny można skonsolidować kredyt bank gdynia bławatna 11 przedawnienie pożyczki art monetto pożyczki jaki druk pcc od umowy pożyczki oświadczenie o spłacie pożyczki wzór mikropożyczki kielce kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulacja pożyczki kraków chwilówki kredyt konsolidacyjny zdolność pożyczki ratunkowe pożyczki pozabankowe mogilno kredyty pozabankowe do 10000 pożyczki online ranking pożyczki bocian formularz umowa pożyczki wzór w rodzinie umowa pożyczki ord u kredyt bank banki korespondenci kredyt bank oświęcim godziny otwarcia bank pocztowy kredyt konsolidacyjny opinie firma kronos pożyczki kontakt pożyczki gotówkowe zestawienie kredyt mieszkaniowy spłata przed terminem pożyczki na telefon bez bik lublin pożyczki chwilówki pabianice oferteo pożyczki mikropożyczki z ue kredyt studencki wbk 2012 kredyt samochodowy na firmę kredyty budowlano mieszkaniowe pożyczki bez formalności pożyczki chwilówki kozienice pożyczki katowice kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator lukas bank kredyt bankowy warunki pozyczki dla zadluzonych przez telefon sprzedaż wierzytelności z tytułu pożyczki kredyt odnawialny w banku wbk pożyczki gotówkowe bez bik szczecin kredyty chwilówki bez dochodu pcc od pożyczki dla udziałowca kody orange na kredyt kredyt bank centrum handlowe warszawa kredyt bez bik bytom kredyt bez bik grojec pożyczki chwilówki wonga kredyt bank depozyty pożyczki społeczne w polsce bocian pożyczki ostrów wlkp kredyt bank skawina kontakt pożyczki novum kruk s a kredyt bank kościan telefon kredyty mieszkaniowe dla pracujacych za granica kredyt bank rybnik godziny pożyczki aleksandrów kujawski zasady dostania kredytu na dom w northern ireland czy w paribas kredyt jest bez bik szybkie pożyczki bez bik kredyt przez internet bez bik zaświadczeń blog pożyczki prywatne kredyty chwilówki bydgoszcz gdańska kredyty mieszkaniowe pozabankowe umowa pożyczki od rodziny wzór gross pożyczki opinie umorzenie pożyczki udzielonej przez udziałowca umowa pożyczki pod zastaw działki pożyczki udziałowców dla spółki pożyczki pod zastaw chełm pożyczki repo co grozi za niespłacenie pożyczki w providencie umowa pożyczki a pcc kredyt w banku credit agricole kredyty bez bik na raty umowa pożyczki pieniędzy a pcc ing pożyczka samochodowa kredyt bank rzeszów grunwaldzka pożyczki pod zastaw auta śląsk kredyt bank reda w jakim banku najlepiej wziąć kredyt 2013 pożyczki parabanki kredyt konsolidacyjny raiffeisen pożyczki bez biku ełk umowa pożyczki pcc 2011 kredyt bank sa w warszawie pożyczki domówki kraków 15000 bezzwrotnej pożyczki idea bank kredyty chwilówki jakie raty spółka udziela pożyczki prezesowi kredyt konsolidacyjny bnp paribas pożyczki pod zastaw gruntów kredyt bank problemy z logowaniem dobry kredyt bez bik ewidencja księgowa umorzenia pożyczki kredyty bankowe to konto bilansowe pozyczka pieniedzy plock kredyt bank dęblin kredyt konsolidacyjny tłumaczenie kredyt pozabankowy na raty gdzie w rybniku dostane kredyt bez biku kredyt chwilówki opole rentowność pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki brzeg kredyt bank notowania walut pożyczki najtańsze pożyczki bez bik tablica pożyczki chwilówki mysłowice konto w kredyt banku odsetki od pożyczki a koszty uzyskania przychodu pozyczki bez zdolnosc bydgoszcz kredyt bank oddział warszawa kasprzaka flisak pożyczki opinie pożyczka na dowód w credit agricole co sprawdzają skok wspólnota pożyczki kredyt bank logowanie pożyczki w ratach tygodniowych kredyty chwilówki w tvn kalkulator kredytu konsolidacyjnego bank bph kredyt bank kudowa zdrój kredyt bank kursy walut archiwum pozyczki net zdunska wola kredyty bez bik piotrkow tryb kredyt w dombanku kredyt bank świdnica kontakt pożyczki wspólników pożyczki we frankach potwierdzenie spłacenia pożyczki kredyty bez bik na działalność gospodarczą kredyt bez biku i krd kredyty chwilówki śrem kredyt konsolidacyjny jakie zarobki pożyczki kraków bocian pożyczki gotówkowe legnica pożyczki na dowód bez zaświadczeń kłodzko umowa pożyczki zgłoszenie koszt pożyczki gotówkowej pożyczki urząd pracy pożyczki konin umowa pożyczki na firmę kredyt bank kariera kredyt bank sa logowanie kredyt bank w krośnie kredyt mieszkaniowy w nordea opinie kredyt bank wrocław plac legionów godziny otwarcia bocian pożyczki rzeszów kontakt pożyczki pozabankowe wielkopolska skarabeusz pożyczki rawicz jakie jest oprocentowanie kredytu mieszkaniowego w pko pożyczki otrzymane wypowiedzenie umowy pożyczki przez bank kredyt bank rumia kontakt adam lorek pożyczki pożyczki bez biku dla rolników umowa pożyczki kto płaci pcc pożyczki dla firm na oświadczenie pożyczki krótkoterminowe online kredyt konsolidacyjny kb pożyczki bez bik przez internet w 15 minut kalkulator kredytu mieszkaniowego kredyt bank kredyty mieszkaniowe millenium kalkulator spółka udziela pożyczki wspólnikowi umowa pożyczki pieniędzy od rodziców wzór pozyczki raz dwa trzy bez bik i krd wniosek kredyt samo hodowy bez bik pożyczki dla dla każdego w uk kredyt bank blue city kredyt bank legnica powstańców śląskich kredyt w polskim banku dla obcokrajowca kredyty pozabankowe bez biku pożyczki bocian ostrowiec kredyt bank skoczów godziny otwarcia pożyczki chwilówki racibórz umowa pożyczki pieniężnej pod zastaw chce wziasc 15000 tysiecy kredytu w pko bp który bank udziela kredytów bez bik umowa pożyczki ze spółką kredyty bez bik olsztyn niskoprocentowe pozyczki uk kredyt bank ostrow wlkp kredyt bez bik ranking kredyt bank 3 oddział poznań kredyt bank toruń konwersja pożyczki na kapitał zakładowy podatek żyrafa pożyczki krs pożyczki dla nauczycieli szybkie pożyczki bez biku kredyt bank małopolska pożyczki pozabankowe września kredyt samochodowy bez bik ka pożyczka na 60 dni gros pożyczki poznań kredyt bez biku w stalowej woli pożyczki przedstawiciel kredyt bank karta kredytowa kredyt na orange jaki numer kredyty chwilówki sieradz bezpieczne pożyczki przez internet pożyczki na dowód bez biku oświadczenie spłaty pożyczki pro domo pozyczki kolobrzeg numer tel kredyt bank w luboniu kredyty bez bik dla zadłużonych łódź kredyt z komornikiem wroclaw pożyczki od osób prywatnych łódzkie kredyt bank lubin jana pawła kredyt w banku przez internet kredyt bank lublin zana 38 jak księgować pożyczki kredyt w toyota bank opinie umowa ubezpieczenia pożyczki pożyczki marka bydgoszcz kredyt bank godziny przelewów kredyt ze złą historią oferia pożyczki kredyt bez biku szczecinek kredyt bank sopot ul kościuszki kredyt bank w stalowej woli kredyt dla nowo powstałych firm bez bik umowa pożyczki zgłoszenie do us zwrot pożyczki pokwitowanie wzór bocian pożyczki bydgoszcz kredyt bank pulawska umowa pożyczki pcc 2013 kredyt bank oddział ruda śląska pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu kraków kalkulator procentowy pożyczki kredyty dla zadłużonych w uk kredyt bank marketing kontakt kredyt bank konsolidacja kredyt bank sopot telefon kredyty mieszkaniowe warszawa kredyt konsolidacyjny wbk kalkulator udziele pożyczki prywatnie warszawa umowa pożyczki matka córka kredyt bank drezdenko pożyczki szczecin na umowę niemiecką poszukuję pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości kredyt konsolidacyjny w banku zachodnim pozyczka na konto bez przelewania grosza pożyczki chwilówki online kredyt bank w aleksandrowie kujawskim szybkie pożyczki bez bik kalisz kredyt bank belchatow godziny otwarcia kredyt walutowy deutsche bank kredyt bank kontakt tel dobranie kredytu w credit agricole pożyczki gotówkowe bez zabezpieczeń podobne pozyczki do vivuss kredyt bank bielawa pożyczki kyzoo opinie kredyt bank w gryficach kredyt bank zambrów kredyty chwilówki włoszczowa wzór umowy pożyczki od udziałowca kredyt samochodowy ranking luty 2014 kredyty chwilówki os teatralne gryfice prywatne pozyczki poręczenie pożyczki z zfśs wzór historia umowy pożyczki kredyt bank skoczów telefon pożyczki w domu klienta płock warunki dobrej pożyczki łukta pożyczki kredyt bank godziny otwarcia marki pożyczki dla bezrobotnych bez bik kredyt obrotowy dla firm w banku spółdzielczym pożyczki chwilówki bez przelewania grosza pożyczki preferencyjne dla rolników kredyt bank limit wypłat pożyczki bez bik big i krd online pożyczki z windykacją kredyt bank oddział ruda śląska kredyt bank w koninie pożyczki bez bik elk pozyczka na dowodd bez zaświadczeń kamien jaki kredyt bez bik kredyty bez bik wloclawek oświadczenie spłaty pożyczki kredyty pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt bank piła sikorskiego godziny otwarcia pozyczki na dowod wloclawek godziny otwarcia bocian pożyczki bytom kredyt bank lubartów telefon okres przedawnienia pożyczki bankowej opinie pożyczki pozabankowe latwy kredyt kredyty bez bik w bydgoszczy kredyt dla firm bez bik us zus pożyczki w domu klienta dzierżoniów pcc od umowy pożyczki od udziałowca rafał konarski pozyczki niespłacony kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyt w deutsche bank opinie opodatkowanie pożyczki od osoby fizycznej kredyt bank 15 oddział gdańsk pcc od pożyczki między firmami pożyczki na dowód osobisty od ręki warszawa umowa pożyczki celowej pożyczki gotówkowe kluczbork kredyt chwilówka gdansk kredyty bez bik małopolska pożyczki społecznościowe opodatkowanie bank bedzin ktory udzieli kredytu na dowod pożyczki na dowód bydgoszcz kredyt konsolidacyjny dla dłużników kredyty chwilówki skoczów pożyczki bez bik tarnobrzeg umowa pożyczki pieniędzy wzór pdf termin przedawnienia roszczeń z tytułu pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny z opóźnieniem zwrot pożyczki postępowanie nakazowe pożyczki od lat 18 pożyczki na oświadczenie przez internet pożyczki chwilówki gdzie najlepiej kredyt bank warszawa kabaty umowa pożyczki kto składa pcc kredyt gotówkowy bank pko sa umowa pożyczki wzór pisma kredyt bez biku banki cesja umowy pożyczki a pcc getin bank kredyt samochodowy wcześniejsza spłata pozyczka bocian radom kredyt w lukas banku kalkulator umowa pożyczki dla udziałowca pozyczki mieszkaniowe na sam dowod pożyczki społecznościowe z komornikiem bank pekao sa symulacja kredytu pożyczki pod zastaw rtv kredyt bank bialystok ul warszawska pożyczki kredyty na dowód kredyt konsolidacyjny jakie zarobki umorzone odsetki od pożyczki przychód podatkowy kredyt samochodowy bez bik opinie eurocash pożyczki toruń bocian pożyczki gotówkowe forum kredyt konsolidacyjny 50000 kredyty bez bik lodz pozyczki szczecin na zaswiadczenie o zarobkach pożyczki konin kredyty kredyt mieszkaniowy nadpłacanie kredyty mieszkaniowe bank pko bp kredyt bank ul długa kraków godziny otwarcia pożyczki od prywatnych osób z 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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad