kredyty chwilówki forum pracowników pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik bydgoszcz getin bank wniosek o kredyt online umowa pożyczki jak zaksięgować tani kredyt bez biku kredyt bank rzeszów grunwaldzka godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki pieniędzy z wekslem pożyczki kredyty kredyty chwilówki racibórz pożyczki na telefon 24 umowa pożyczki kwota wolna od podatku kredyty chwilówki strzegom kierowca kredyty chwilówki opinie kredyt bank lokata internetowa kredyty mieszkaniowe 2013 pko bp alior bank kredyt w rachunku bieżącym kalkulator pożyczki lukas bank kredyt bankowy sciaga pożyczki bez bik wzór umowy pożyczki finansowej kredyt bank jelcz laskowice pożyczki pod zastaw złota tarnów kredyty chwilówki biznes koszty umowy pożyczki kredyt gotówkowy w którym banku najlepiej bankomaty kredyt banku lublin ola uzyskała kredyt w banku w wysokości 2000 zł kredyt bank białystok mickiewicza kredyt bank nowy targ pożyczki na dowód działdowo kredyt bank oddział w warszawie umowa pożyczki podatek kredyt bank katowice uniwersytecka godziny otwarcia optima pożyczki katowice wzory umowy pożyczki pieniężnej parabank kredyt kalkulator pożyczki gotówkowej bph pożyczki pod zastaw mińsk mazowiecki pożyczki podobne jak provident kredyt mieszkaniowy pko wymagania umowa pożyczki jaki podatek pożyczki chwilówki stalowa wola kredyt bank wejherowo godz otwarcia walbrzych pozyczka w domu pożyczki unijne na rozwój firmy kredyt konsolidacyjny w ge money bank kredyt w bank zachodni wbk opinie getin bank kredyt gotówkowy online kredyt bank przemyśl ul dworskiego wnioski o kredyt studencki pko bp kredyty chwilówki na dowód kredyt dla studenta mbank pozyczki chwilowki gorzow wlkp kredyt konsolidacyjny kto może dostać kredyt bank krasnystaw godziny otwarcia kod orange na kredyt pożyczki bez biku poznań pożyczki bez bik konin pożyczka pozabankowa merritum bank kredyt bez bik opole okres przedawnienia pożyczki z zfśs kredyty bankowe pasywa kredyt bank myślenice kontakt dombank kredyt konsolidacyjny umorzenie pożyczki księgowanie capital pożyczki kredyt w toyota bank pożyczki bez bik dla zadłużonych forum szukam pożyczki warszawa kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator wypowiedzenie pożyczki umorzenie pożyczki od rodziny kredyt bank białystok warszawska kredyt bank lokaty grudzień 2012 kredyt konsolidacyjny reklama pożyczki chwilówki skok stefczyka kredyt bank warszawa ul kasprzaka 2 8 kredyt bez bik i zaswiadczen kredyty i pożyczki gminy kredyt pelikan z bik i krd pożyczki bez bik słubice lub wniosek kredytowy na samochod bez bik kredyt prowizja banku pożyczki na dowód pko kredyty wspólnoty mieszkaniowe kalkulator pożyczki gotówkowej pko bp optima pożyczki ciechanów kredyt bez bik i krd dla firm pożyczki pod zastaw bydgoszcz kredyt bez bik ogłoszenia kredyt remontowy w banku pekao sa kredyty chwilówki szopienice kredyt w orange pod jaki nr pożyczki bez bik siemianowice kredyt bank kod swift pożyczki bez bik polkowice kredyt w euro banki kredyty bez bik pomorskie karencja w spłacie pożyczki kredyty chwilówki franczyza kredyt bank wołomin spłata pożyczki proz kredyty bankowe ksiegowanie pozyczki z komornikiem z dostawa do domu kredyt mieszkaniowy dla lekarzy pożyczki na rente kredyt konsolidacyjny a umowa zlecenie szybkie pożyczki na dowód przez internet kredyt bank wrocławska kraków pożyczki od osób prywatnych siedlce udzielam pożyczki umowa pożyczki osobie fizycznej kredyty bez bik i krd kalisz kredyt konsolidacyjny dla zadłużonych kredyty dla zadluzonych białogard kredyt bez biku online kredyt studencki bank bz wbk pożyczki tarnobrzeg el global rzeszów kredyty opinie kredyt bankowy z komornikiem bocian pożyczki wolsztyn kredyt bank kosztorys i harmonogram prac budowlanych czy od pożyczki z banku płaci się podatek skarbiec pożyczki opinie księgowanie spłaty pożyczki z zfśs czy mozna wziasc kredyt na dowod w uk oprocentowanie efektywne pożyczki uzasadnienie pożyczki na remont mieszkania pożyczki dla każdego 48 pożyczki mieszkaniowe z zfśs w bilansie pożyczka na dowód przez pocztę ppozyczka na sam dowod osobisty zabrze kredyt konsolidacyjny na dowod online kredyty mieszkaniowe forum 2013 kredyt bank rachunek maklerski kredyt w banku bez krd pożyczki 20000 zł pożyczki ranking kredyt chwilówka 2000 zł pod jaki numer bierze się kredyt w orange forsa pożyczki kredyt bank plock godziny otwarcia kredyt bank warszawa adresy pożyczki bez bik olsztyn pozyczka z up dla pracujacych pożyczki prywatne kredyty mieszkaniowe o co pytać kredyt bank lublin zana godziny otwarcia pożyczki na procent gdańsk fines pożyczki opinie pożyczki pozabankowe bielsk podlaski pożyczki prywatne umowa cywilno prawna pożyczki bez zaświadczeń i bez biku bank spółdzielczy kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator kredyt bank warszawa abrahama pożyczki bez bik w starachowicach kredyt bank w suszu niespłacanie pożyczki w providencie kredyt samochodowy dla niepełnosprawnych umowa pożyczki polsko niemiecka kredyt dla nowo powstałych firm bez bik w jakim banku najlepiej brac kredyt mieszkaniowy bank spółdzielczy kredyt konsolidacyjny opinie umowa pożyczki a użyczenia nowe pozyczki pozabankowe pożyczki bez bik i krd głogów kredyt bank małopolska kredyt konsolidacyjny gmina kredyt bank środki zablokowane pożyczki w domu klienta kalisz wypowiedzenie umowy pożyczki kredyt studencki forum wizaz santander consumer bank kredyt kontakt w jakim banku dostanę pożyczkę przez internet gold pożyczki opinie umowa pożyczki cywilno prawna wzór pożyczki bez zaświadczeń koszalin udzielenie pożyczki podmiotowi powiązanemu udziele pożyczki prywatnie warszawa kredyty pozabankowe z dojazdem do domu w krosnie pozyczka od reki na dowod plock kredyt konsolidacyjny z najniższym oprocentowaniem kredyt konsolidacyjny ze zla historia kredytowa kredyt bank token kredyt konsolidacyjny na angielskie zarobki pożyczki na dowód szczecin kredyt inwestycyjny eurobank umowa nieodpłatnej pożyczki pożyczki przez internet dla firmy kredyt konsolidacyjny dokumenty udzielone pożyczki krótkoterminowe w bilansie pożyczki z dostawą do domu agerta holding pożyczki szybkie pożyczki bez bik i krd kredyt bank mbank kredyty chwilówki dla osób z komornikiem pożyczki europejskie kredyt bank oddział włocławek bankomaty kredyt banku szczecin w jakim banku najlepiej wziąć kredyt gotówkowy pożyczki na weksel pożyczki z obsługą w domu klienta pożyczki bez bik piła szybkie kredyty przez internet bez bik kredyt pozabankowy dla firm pożyczki bez bik big i krd kredyt bank kołobrzeska 12 kredyt bank adekwatność kapitałowa pożyczki mieszkaniowe pożyczki payu kredyty pożyczki pozabankowe i prywatne kredyt bank nadarzyn kalkulator kredytu gotówkowego w banku pocztowym kredyt samochodowy w credit agricole geronimo gdańsk pozyczka kredyt dla zadluzonych milleniumbank umowa pożyczki pomiędzy spółkami a pcc kredyt bank zarobki 2011 kredyty pod zastaw mieszkania bez biku bnp paribas kredyt konsolidacyjny opinie kredyt bank gniezno godziny otwarcia kredyt przez internet bez bik zaświadczeń bocian pożyczki mielec wypowiedzenie pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki wąbrzeźno kredyt w uk lloyds pożyczki w tesco kredyt konsolidacyjny porównanie koszt pożyczki pozabankowej kredyty mieszkaniowe w banku pocztowym kredyt bank gdansk chalubinskiego pożyczki do 100 zł slimak pozyczki bank pko bp wniosek o kredyt studencki pożyczki dla osób fizycznych pożyczki na dowód bez prowizji kredyt bank lokata z bonusem kredyt bank kiedy dochodza przelewy kredyt bank deutschland kredyt pozabankowy bez bik online bocian pożyczki przez internet kredyt mieszkaniowy oblicz zdolność kredyty chwilowki windykatorzy kredyty chwilówki świebodzin pożyczki na weksel gdańsk kredyt bez bik na kilka miesiecy pozyczka w lukas swiebodzin kredyt bank zagiel kontakt kredyt bank zajęcia kredyt bank z jakich bankomatów kredyt mieszkaniowy w banku pko sa heropolitańska kredyty i gwarancje bankowe pdf kredyt na samochód bez bik krd finan pożyczki forum marlena nowakowska pożyczki opinie kredyt chwilówka spłata pożyczki chwilówki gotówkowe najtańsze pożyczki ranking bocian pożyczki nysa kredyty chwilówki siemianowice slaskie umowa pożyczki zawarta przez internet kredyt bank sa tarnobrzeg pożyczki gotówkowe banki kredyt bez bik częstochowa kredyt bank 15 oddział gdańsk umowa pożyczki dla dziecka wzór banki udzielające pożyczki bez bik pożyczki chwilówki kozienice kredyty pozabankowe tarnów kredyt bank nr iban kredyty chwilówki zgorzelec pożyczki dla firmy kredyt bank w lukowie kredyt idea bank online kredyt mieszkaniowy ranking banków kredyt bank zmiana waluty spłaty kredytu pożyczki na dowód do domu kredyt bank deutschland kredyty bez bik jaslo bank spółdzielczy kredyt mieszkaniowy forum kredyt samochodowy w deutsche bank umowa pożyczki z synem kredyt bank grajewo kredyty chwilówki mail pożyczki dla firm pod zastaw obliczenie raty pożyczki gotówkowej wzory umów pożyczki pieniędzy jak zrobić przelew zagraniczny w kredyt banku kredyt pozabankowy bytom kredyt bank program systematycznego oszczędzania jak udzielić pożyczki pracownikowi kredyty mieszkaniowe porównanie banków bocian pożyczki zgierz kredyt bank nowa dęba kredyt walutowy deutsche bank kredyt bank gdynia skwer pożyczki od ręki bydgoszcz kredyty mieszkaniowe walutowe przelew własny w kredyt banku udzielenie pożyczki pkwiu bank pko bp kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator pożyczki długoterminowe dla zadłużonych kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim dla singli kredyt bank psie pole wrocław kredyt bank dm otwock pozyczki chwilowki kalkulator pożyczki citibank pożyczki chwilówki świdnica kredyt bank rachunek dla firm kredyty chwilówki prokuratura kredyt bank w raciborzu kredyt bank bankomaty za darmo kredyt w banku internetowym pożyczki tax care kredyt hipoteczny bez zaświadczeń oswiecim umowy pożyczki po angielsku kredyty chwilówki warszawa praga kredyty dla firm bez biku pozyczki krotkotermnowe jaworzno bocian pozyczki walbrzych czestochowa pozyczka pod zastaw auta umowa pożyczki wyłudzenie pożyczki pod zastaw mieszkania najkorzystniejsze pożyczki bankowe bocian pożyczki karta kredyt bank przeworsk kontakt kredyt bez bik kłodzko mikropożyczki w polsce pożyczki olsztyn kredyt bank ii oddział białystok pożyczki pod zastaw samochodów nieruchomości kredyt bank pocztowy kalkulator pożyczki artykuł odsetki od pożyczki przykład w jakim banku wziąć kredyt na samochód ubezpieczenie pożyczki obowiązkowe pożyczki prywatne od osób prywatnych pożyczki bez biku rzeszów kredyt chwilówka roznoszenie ulotek kredyt bank chojnice pożyczki ze złą historią kredytową zmiana umowy pożyczki a pcc kredyt odnawialny w pekao sa kredyty mieszkaniowe knf czy w pozyczce bocian udzielaja kredytu na24 miesiace umowa pożyczki od rodziny a pcc pozyczki kredyt 24 pożyczki na dowód online kredyt bank santander 2012 kredyty w getin noble bank niezgłoszenie pożyczki w terminie kredyt chwilówka krotoszyn kredyt bank warszawa kondratowicza pozyczka pelikan jelenia gora dobre kredyty bez biku pożyczki na dowód do 5000 kredyt bank dane pożyczki pod zastaw maszyn wszystkie pożyczki pozabankowe kredyt bank oprocentowanie ror pożyczki w euroexpert kredyt studencki 2012 pko sa wzór umowy pożyczki między członkami rodziny kredyt bank w wadowicach kredyt bank czechowice umorzenie pożyczki mieszkaniowej pracownikowi wycena bilansowa udzielonej pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny przy najniższej krajowej kredyt bank raty żagiel kredyt bank w toruniu pożyczki pozabankowe piaseczno pożyczki pozabankowe olsztyn kredyt bank lista placówek kredyt konsolidacyjny zwrot odsetek kredyt w orange pop kod pożyczki dla emerytów bez ograniczeń wiekowych pożyczki prywatne pod weksel warszawa kredyt bank oswiecim godziny otwarcia pożyczki dla wspólnot mieszkaniowych kredyt dla wspólnoty mieszkaniowej ing wzór umowy pożyczki zabezpieczonej wekslem kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator getin bank pożyczki bez bik tychy mały kredyt konsolidacyjny wzór umowy pożyczki podporządkowanej kredyty banku pko bp szybki kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zabezpieczeń pożyczki prywatne gdańsk kredyty mieszkaniowe dane statystyczne pożyczki pod zastaw auta śląsk kredyty bez bik gorzów wlkp kredyt bank nowy sącz jagiellońska pożyczki chwilówki żagań kredyt bank łomża kontakt pożyczki bez bik big i krd bank credit agricole kredyt prostoliczony odmowa przyjęcia pożyczki kredyt bank zmienił nazwe kredyt bank sa iii oddział we wrocławiu kredyt bank otwock karczewska godziny otwarcia rachunek oszczędnościowy w kredyt bank pożyczki na spłatę komornika kredyt mieszkaniowy wylicz ratę czy łatwo o kredyt w banku pocztowym wniosek o pozyczke z kronos bez online kredyt studencki w pekao bankowe pozyczki bez bik pożyczki dla biznesu prywatne pozyczki rzeszow getin bank kredyt gotówkowy oprocentowanie kredyt bank inowrocław kontakt umowa pożyczki pomiędzy pracodawcą a pracownikiem pożyczki jakie oprocentowanie pożyczka w domu bez bik kredyt bank sa dane do przelewu kredyt 4 tys na dowód prowident pożyczki bez dochodów warszawa dekretacja pożyczki od udziałowca udzielę pożyczki na procent kraków bez bik kredyt poznań pko bp kredyt studencki druki pożyczki gotówkowe chwilówki pożyczki od ręki łódź pożyczki pozabankowe dla osób z zajęciem komorniczym kredyt konsolidacyjny dla małych firm pożyczki bez bik z zajęciami komorniczymi kredyty bez bik pomorskie kredyty chwilówki bez krd optima pożyczki do domu opinie pożyczki chwilówki na 60 dni potrzebuję pilnej komentarz kredytu klient maj 2014 pożyczki podobne do takto kredyty chwilówki akcja znicz bank credit agricole kredyt mieszkaniowy umowa pożyczki pieniędzy po angielsku umowa pożyczki kto zgłasza do urzędu skarbowego kredyt bank wypłata z bankomatu pozyczki września kredyt bank london pożyczki przedawnienie pożyczki bez bik i krd katowice funkcje pożyczki kredyt bank w gryficach kredyt bank bielany wr pożyczki klon kredyt bank w skierniewicach pożyczki prywatne pod zastaw nieruchomości millenium bank kredyt na mieszkanie kredyt bez biku 10000 kredyty chwilówki bez krd kredyt w wbk kalkulator kredyt chwilówka uk kredyt bank białobrzegi tel kredyt konsolidacyjny w banku pekao sa kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator rat kredyt bank grybów umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs wniosek pożyczki prywatne lubin szybkie pozyczki Żory bez krd ekasa pożyczki kredyty chwilówki giżycko umowa pożyczki pod weksel wzór kalkulator kredytu konsolidacyjnego w banku pocztowym pożyczki pekao kredyty konsolidacyjne bez bik i krd kredyt bank w krakowie ul kalwaryjska pożyczki profi credit opinie umowa pożyczki papierów wartościowych dobry kredyt pozabankowy forum pozyczka na dom uk bank pko pożyczki w domu łódzkie szybkie pożyczki od 19 lat kredyty chwilówki białystok lipowa 45 kredyty chwilówki praca leszno kredyt na samochód bez bik zaświadczeń kredyt bank getin bank pożyczki dla zadłużonych z komornikiem szczecin kredyt bank dusznicki opinie kredyt konsolidacyjny gdzie najkorzystniej kredyt bez bik śląsk pożyczki pod zastaw złota lublin pożyczki na umowe zlecenie kredyty mieszkaniowe 1992 kredyt bank gotówkowy umowa pożyczki jakie opłaty kredyt w boś banku nowość pożyczki do domu kredyt bank janów bnp paribas kredyt umowa zlecenie pożyczki krasnystaw kredyt studencki pekao dokumenty kredyt bez bik i krd szczecin pożyczki chwilówki toruń kredyty chwilówki tychy fabryczna 5 szybkie pożyczki bez bik wrocław pożyczki w domu klienta białystok kredyt bank pelna nazwa meritum bank kredyt opinie kredyt bank kondratowicza 35 szybkie pożyczki bytom

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad