księgowanie umorzenia pożyczki z wfośigw kredyt bez bik bolesławiec kredyt bank zagiel lublin kody orange na kredyt kredyt bank dt pożyczki bez bik program partnerski w jakim banku najtanszy kredyt prywatne pożyczki bez zabezpieczeń poznań kredyt bank żagiel pożyczki bez bik mazowieckie szybki kredyt bez bik warszawa kredyty bez biku warszawa tani kredyt pozabankowy kredyt gotówkowy bez sprawdzania w bik pożyczki dla ludzi bez pracy kredyt bank pko sa kredyt bank warszawa chmielna kredyt bank wymagane dokumenty umowa pożyczki kwota wolna od podatku umowa pożyczki pieniędzy prywatnie rodzaje kredytów bankowych dla przedsiębiorstw kredyt gotówkowy na umowę na czas określony kredyt bank krosno godziny otwarcia darowizny pożyczki pozyczka bez bik 5000 kredyt bank oddział lublin pożyczki w kasynach rezygnacja z karty kredytowej kredyt bank wzór optima kredyty lubin czy pożyczki pozabankowe są bezpieczne pożyczki bez bik zabrze axcess financial pożyczki kredyt studencki pko bp 2014 bocian pożyczki gotówkowe legnica żyrafa pożyczki kontakt kredyt mieszkaniowy minimalny wkład własny udzielić pożyczki po ang kredyt konsolidacyjny gdzie najłatwiej kredyt bank sprzedaż dewiz wzór poręczenia pożyczki z zfśs pożyczki pozabankowe ostróda oprocentowanie pożyczki w skali roku pożyczki świąteczne bez bik kredyt w lukas banku na dowód kredyty konsolidacyjne kielce kredyt na start bez biku kredyt bank wojska polskiego szczecin pożyczka 20000 w lesznie bez bik kredyt mieszkaniowy w trakcie rozwodu kredyt bank bankomaty wbk prywatne pozyczki lichwiarskie slask kredyt mieszkaniowy abc zwrot pożyczki pokwitowanie wzór jaki jest nr na kredyt orange kredyt bank filia radlin kredyty bez bik dla zadłużonych łódź wyrok umowa pożyczki kredyty w idea bank opinie kredyt konsolidacyjny w idea bank pożyczki alternatywne kredyt bank chałubińskiego warszawa pożyczki chwilówki bydgoszcz kredyt konsolidacyjny w meritum banku umowa pożyczki między firmą a osobą fizyczną bocian pożyczki ełk pożyczki dla młodych przedsiębiorców pożyczki albert pożyczki online w 15 minut kalisz pożyczki na dowód eurobank rybnik kredyty bez bik z komornikiem pozyczki calodobowe uk online umorzenie pożyczki udzielonej pracownikowi pożyczki bez bik skok prywatne pożyczki pod weksel lublin kredyty online bez bik i krd kredyty i pożyczki jst andrzej śmiały pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki bez konta podporzadkowanie pożyczki kredyt bank oszczędzanie pozyczka podobna do pozyczka zyrafa pożyczki przez internet bez przelewu kredyt bank przez internet kredyt bank zapomniałem hasła pożyczki marka pożyczki olsztyn najtańsze pożyczki gotówkowe 2013 kredyt bankowy a konsumencki pożyczki na dowód kościan kredyty chwilówki chrzanów praca essentialia negotii pożyczki kredyt bank godziny otwarcia skawina kredyt bank środa śląska telefon pożyczki gierka kredyt bank szczecinek godziny otwarcia kredyt bank sochaczew kontakt kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zabezpieczeń 2013 bgż pożyczki dla rolników pożyczki poczta polska kapitalizacja pożyczki kredyt bank z kim się połączył udzielę prywatnej pożyczki katowice pożyczki w cieszynie kredyty bez biku gorzow wlkp pożyczki na dowód kontakt kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator eurobank kredyty bez bik biała podlaska pożyczki chwilówki poznań 23 lutego pożyczki ekonomia społeczna kredyty mieszkaniowe w norwegii umowa pożyczki ratalnej wzór optima kredyty warszawa pożyczki dla pracowników a vat kredyty chwilówki biznes kredyt bank kwidzyn godziny otwarcia kredyt do 3000 bez bik alior bank kredyt za wyciąg kredyt bez sprawdzania w bik przez internet kredyt w pekao sa opinie look finanse pożyczki jak wziąść pożyczke pożyczki pozabankowe lubań kredyt bank wladyslawowo pożyczki pod weksel bez przedpłat poznań promesa pożyczki pożyczki od osób prywatnych na procent najtańsze pożyczki ranking umowa pożyczki gotówkowej doc w jakim banku najlepiej wziąć kredyt na samochod pożyczki prywatne dla firm kredyt konsolidacyjny dla osób w biku umowa pożyczki ang kredyt bank sandomierz kontakt kredyt bank pelplin tel alfa kredyt ranking kredyt bank warszawa garibaldiego 4 pożyczki opole godziny otwarcia kredyt mieszkaniowy 120 000 prywatne pożyczki pod weksel 2013 pozyczka pod zabezpieczenie weksla bialystok kredyt bank departament centralnych operacji lublin kurs funta w kredyt banku pożyczki na dowód kościerzyna w jakim banku kredyt konsumpcyjny czy od pożyczki trzeba zapłacić podatek kredyty w szkocji czy santander zglasza kredyt do bik umowa pożyczki zabezpieczona nieruchomością kredyt bank zamknięcie konta wrocław pożyczki pozabankowe w jakim banku wziąć kredyt gotówkowy 2013 mikropożyczki białystok kredyty santander consumer bank kredyt bank racibórz kredyt bez bik i zaświadczeń kredyt bank logowa bezpieczne pożyczki przez internet kredyt bank reklamacje kredyty bez bik łomża pożyczki 5 tys czy umowa pożyczki musi być na piśmie pożyczki prywatne mława pożyczki chwilówki warszawa kondratowicza kredyt bank lebork godziny otwarcia kredyt w banku pocztowym dla policjantów kredyt bank akcjonariusze bikuś pożyczki pro domo pożyczki nowe miasto lubawskie umorzenie pożyczki od rodziny kalkulator odsetkowy pożyczki kredyty w uk forum kredyt bank oddział jana pawła warszawa pożyczki ze złą historią w bik kredyt samochodowy w nordea bank szybki kredyt bez zaświadczeń bez bik pożyczki dla nowych firm bez bik kredyt konsolidacyjny w pko bp opinie wbk kredyt bank kontakt kredyt bank bydgoszcz modrzewiowa pożyczki w chf dokument pożyczki kredyt mieszkaniowy millenium forum oferta pożyczki pko bp kredyt bank w białymstoku wypowiedzenie karty kredytowej credit agricole kredyt w pekao sa forum kredyt w banku bez biku w jakim banku najlatwiej dostac kredyt bez bik pożyczki włocławek bez bik bocian pożyczki gliwice kupiec pożyczki umowa pożyczki provident pdf pożyczki na dowód oświęcim pożyczki w domu klienta wielkopolska pożyczki pozabankowe w niemczech amber kredyt mariusz dudziński pożyczki pożyczki w ramach grupy kapitałowej kredyt bank druk zaświadczenia kredyt bank oddział lublin pożyczki głogowska kredyt bank powstańców śląskich 108a infolinia pożyczki pro domo kredyt bank dabrowa tarnowska kredyt bank konstancińska godziny otwarcia kredyt mieszkaniowy bank bph kredyt bank godziny otwarcia olsztyn kredyt bank myślibórz kredyt bank wypowiedzenie rachunku kredyt bank poznań marcinkowskiego godziny kredyty w domu klijenta jarosław gorzów pożyczki pozabankowe kredyt w banku na biznes druki umowa pożyczki przejęcie kredytu przez firme warunki kredytu mieszkaniowego w pko bp pożyczki gotówkowe marka pożyczki pozabankowe cała polska pożyczki pod zastaw jelenia góra kredyt bank bedzin kredyty chwilówki świętojańska kredyt bank wydruk potwierdzenia pożyczki przez internet opinie kredyt bank w uk pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik na dowód adam lorek pożyczki pożyczki bez bik i poręczycieli pożyczki lubsko kredyt bankowy a pożyczka bankowa pożyczki bez bik bochnia druk pcc od umowy pożyczki ubezpieczenie pożyczki w pekao pożyczki radom kredyty kredyt bank w legnicy pożyczki prywatne rybnik pożyczki dla zadłużonych z komornikiem szczecin pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości dla zadłużonych ubezpieczenie pożyczki prywatnej pożyczki wonga opinie kredyt z banku rozwoju rady europy kredyt bank kasprzaka umowa pożyczki od udziałowca dla spółki udzielać pożyczki kredyt bank numer banku kredyt bankowy na zakup mieszkania kredyt bez bik w słupsku pożyczki lubań pożyczki chwilówki firmy pożyczki na procent wrocław szukam kredytu bez bik i krd pożyczki z zajęciami komorniczymi wzór druku pożyczki pożyczki bez zaświadczeń szczecin pożyczki bez big wrocław kredyt na samochód w credit agricole pożyczka bez bik na samochód umowa kredytu bankowego a pożyczka kredyt bank konto bankowe kredyt bank białystok kredyt bank w lubartowie kredyt bank rezygnacja z karty kredytowej kredyt bank oddział lublin kontakt bank bocian radom pozyczka do 2000zl pożyczki na pierwszy biznes pożyczki dla bezrobotnych wrocław pożyczki bez bik dobra pożyczka ogłoszenie pożyczki prywatne pożyczki cała polska konwersja umowy pożyczki obligacyjnej kredyt na oświadczenie bocian pożyczki szczecin kalkulator pożyczki w pko bp kredyt na kupno samochodu bez bik pożyczki eurocash numer telefonu do kredyt banku zagiel kara za niezgłoszenie pożyczki do us szybkie pożyczki żagań szybkie pożyczki tczew kredyt konsolidacyjny dla osób w bik kredyt bank oddział bielany wrocławskie udziele prywatna pozyczka śląsk najtańsze pożyczki gotówkowe 2013 kredyt bank oddział w bełchatowie umorzenie pożyczki na zakup środka trwałego pożyczki na dowód zakopane kredyt bank żytnia warszawa pożyczki pyrzyce pożyczki z obsługą w domu warszawa pko bp kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim przetarg kredyt bankowy pożyczki firmy bocian umowa pożyczki a koszty uzyskania przychodu umowa pożyczki pieniędzy dla córki umowa pożyczki przykład pożyczki na dowód bielawa kredyt bank kasprowicza kredyt bank sa poznań pożyczki na lichwe kredyt konsolidacyjny fortis kredyt bank gdynia skwer kościuszki pko bp kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator rat kredyt bank włocławek kredyt konsolidacyjny w alior banku forum radom pożyczki prywatne kredyt bez biku w 15 minut pożyczki prywatne gniezno pożyczki i kredyty bez bik chorzów katowice kredyt bez bik w skok szybkie pożyczki bez bik opole umowa pożyczki do spółki komandytowej kredyt konsolidacyjny jakie oprocentowanie kredyty mieszkaniowe bez bik i krd pozyczka przez internet bez zaswiadczen o dochodach neo bank kredyt konsolidacyjny pożyczki chwilówki jana pawła kredyt chwilówka kutno umowa pożyczki notariusz bankomaty kredyt banku lublin kredyty chwilówki piaseczno pożyczki bez bik dębica umowa pożyczki pit kredyt bankowy na oświadczenie nieoprocentowane pożyczki z zfśs pożyczki udziałowców dla spółki pożyczki kraków novum finance pożyczki forum pożyczki dla firm transportowych pożyczki na działalność bez bik kredyt bez bik kraków pożyczki prywatne pilnie udzielę pożyczki prywatnej na procent umowa pożyczki od udziałowca dla spółki wzór umowa pożyczki kiedy jest nieważna kredyt w boś banku kredyt gotówkowy bez bik poznan pożyczki mieszkaniowe dla pracowników oświaty bocian pożyczki żywiec kredyt studencki pekao wniosek kredyt bank investor relations bank pekao sa kredyt na samochód pożyczka 200 zł żywiec pożyczka pro domo pożyczki opinie umorzenie pożyczki dla spółki kredyty chwilówki grochowska cechy pożyczki jako czynności prawnej pożyczki pleszew w którym banku kredyt na dowód kredyt tarnobrzeg pożyczki końskie kredyt w tesco bank w uk pożyczki w domu klienta gdynia bankowy kredyt konsolidacyjny dla osób bez biku kredyt w banku w niemczech kredyt w banku a utrata pracy kredyt bank w luboniu kredyt 3x33 w santander consumer bank kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim warunki przyznania umorzenie pożyczki dla udziałowca bank pekao sa kredyt inwestycyjny pozyczki do reki od 18lat w lesznie kredyt bez bik kwidzyn umowa pożyczki aneks kredyty banków spółdzielczych sgb pożyczki chwilówki na dowód warszawa kredyt konsolidacyjny na 25 lat kredyt bank powstańców śląskich wrocław dorota król pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny bez bik z komornikiem kredyt bank w wadowicach kredyty chwilówki warszawa bitwy warszawskiej kredyt chwilowki rzeszow kredyt mieszkaniowy z wkładem własnym kredyt bez bik na oświadczenie kredyt bank ekstrakonto plus bankomaty kredyty bez bik jelenia gora pożyczki prywatne 24h kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zdolności kredyty w lukas bank kredyt bank godziny otwarcia leszno pożyczki na innowacje kredyt bank bankomaty zielona góra alior bank kredyt gotówkowy konsolidacyjny pożyczki bocian włocławek kredyt 5 zł orange pożyczki na założenie firmy bocian pożyczki opinia w jakim banku najlepiej wziąć kredyt konsolidacyjny umowa pożyczki co powinna zawierać jak wyrobić kartę kredytową bez zgody rodziców nowe lokaty w kredyt banku kredyt konsolidacyjny brak zdolności kredytowej banki spółdzielcze kredyty bez bik pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości wielkopolska pożyczki społecznościowe czy warto inwestować prywatne pożyczki kredyt bank białobrzegi godziny otwarcia pożyczki bez baz przez internet szybki kredyt gotówkowy bez bik przez internet pozyczki prywatne jele gora pożyczki od osób prywatnych w uk kredyty mieszkaniowe starego portfela pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik na dowód bocian pozyczki tomaszów maz pszczółka pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zaswiadczen o dochodach kredyt mieszkaniowy w euro opinie pozyczki prywatne w obcej walucie pożyczki brzeg kredyt bank wałbrzych kusocińskiego odsetki od pożyczki kup pożyczki społecznościowe kredyty szybkie kredyty gotówkowe pozabankowe private banking w kredyt banku nowe pożyczki chwilówki online kredyt konsolidacyjny getin bank pożyczki chwilówki elbląg przekształcenie pożyczki na kapitał kredyt bank piła adres kredyty chwilówki logo kredyt bez bik 4 tys pożyczki i należności własne umowa pożyczki pod zastaw mieszkania kredyt bank zaloguj nobilon pożyczki opinie kredyt na dowod olawa ulica pożyczki całodobowe kraków oprocentowanie depozytów w kredyt banku kredyty bez bik wloclawek kredyt chwilowka szczecinek kredyt bank gdansk kolobrzeska jak otrzymać kredyt bez bik konwersja pożyczki na kapitał odsetki pożyczki dla firm na start bez bik kredyt bank łochów getin noble bank kredyty samochodowe kontakt pożyczki na dowód oświęcim kredyt konsolidacyjny z komornikiem kredyt bank wrocławska kredyt bank sa warszawa umowa pożyczki przedawnienie roszczeń pożyczki bez bik i krd do 10000 kredyt bank warszawa kondratowicza godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki pod zastaw działki pożyczki na dowód bez umowy o prace kredyt dla firm w getin banku kredyty w lukas bank jakie dokumenty do kredytu mieszkaniowego w pko bp kredyt bank sa ii oddział w olsztynie kredyty chwilówki siemianowice świerczewskiego kredyty chwilówki bez krd jak zaksięgować umorzenie pożyczki bardzo szybkie kredyty bez bik umowa pożyczki słownik niezgłoszenie pożyczki do urzędu skarbowego łatwy kredyt gotówkowy bez bik kredyt bank wpłaty gotówkowe szybkie pożyczki bez bik bydgoszcz szybkie pożyczki bez bik i krd online kredyt na mieszkanie jaki bank opodatkowanie nieodpłatnej pożyczki kiedy kredyt bankowy ulega przedawnieniu kredyt bez bik do 30 tys pożyczki na własną działalność gospodarczą kredyt bank krs pcc od pożyczki dla udziałowca pożyczki pozabankowe od osób prywatnych w którym banku kredyt rodzina na swoim bip pożyczki opinie kredyty chwilówki bez bik kraków pożyczki dla rencistów wrocław kredyty gotówkowe bez bik gdańsk odmowa pożyczki kredyt bank ropczyce kredyt bank wrocław telefon bocian pożyczki inowrocław skarabeusz pożyczki krs kredyt bank lidzbark warmiński kredyt bank nowa karta kredyt bank godziny otwarcia rzeszów kredyt gotówkowy bez bik i krd umowa pożyczki ze spółką kredyt konsolidacyjny bez bik i zabezpieczeń kredyty chwilówki warszawa praga bankomat kredyt bank sieradz wpływ pożyczki na rachunek walutowy kredyt obrotowy w idea bank opinie kredyt konsolidacyjny 70000 kredyt studencki pko bp spłata przedmiotem umowy pożyczki mogą być kredyt bank w swieciu kredyt bank oferta pracy kredyty bez bik przez internet kredyt bank w kwidzynie kredyt na mieszkanie oferty banków umowa pożyczki referat kredyty pozabankowe lubuskie aaa pożyczki aig kredyt konsolidacyjny online udzielę pożyczki prywatnej pod weksel kredyt bank radzymin kredyt bank w kole

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

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funny sayings

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad