pożyczki prywatne żyrardów szybki kredyt bankowy kredyt gotówkowy bez zaświadczeń i bez biku pożyczki chwilówki bez bik nowy sącz kredyt konsolidacyjny zielona góra pożyczki złotów ale po za bankowe kredyt bez biku radom bocian pożyczki zduńska wola pożyczki gwarant szybki kredyt bez bik forum kredyt gotówkowy w santander bank pilnie potrzebuję pożyczki pozabankowej pozyczki w domu warszawa mennica pożyczki z jakimi bankami jest powiązana pożyczki mokotowska korzystne pożyczki gotówkowe wzór umowy pożyczki warunki dostania pożyczki pożyczki prywatne oświęcim umowa pożyczki pieniężnej podatek pożyczki pod zastaw lombardy radom ubezpieczenie pożyczki alior bank kredyt bank sztabowa godziny otwarcia kredyt konsolidacyjny alior bank dokumenty regulamin rachunku w kredyt banku umowa użyczenia pożyczki kredyty bez bik na pit kredyt gotówkowy bez bik i zdolności kredytowej kredyt w banku pocztowym kalkulator pożyczki chwilówki od zaraz szybkie pożyczki bez bik włocławek pożyczki pozabankowe w uk kredyt bank warszawa kasprzaka znaczenie kredytu w działalności banku kredyt studencki pko spłata wycena pożyczki według skorygowanej ceny nabycia umowa pożyczki opodatkowanie potrącenie pożyczki z odprawy kredyt pozabankowy pod zastaw pożyczki 1000 kredyt orange jaki numer oprocentowanie pożyczki bankowej szybki kredyt konsolidacyjny bez bik pożyczki chwilówki słupsk wojska polskiego bocian pożyczki odstąpienie od umowy kredyt bez bik kraków kredyt chwilówka kłodzko obliczenie raty pożyczki gotówkowej kredyt bank konto oszczędnościowe concerto pożyczki pozabankowe grójec kredyt bank gdynia świętojańska godziny otwarcia kredyt gotówkowy bez bik sosnowiec kredyt w banku na dowód kredyt bank włodawa pożyczki bez bik ranking kredyt samochodowy mbank forum siedziba kredyt banku warszawa bgk kredyt mieszkaniowy kwota pożyczki bez podatku kredyty konsolidacyjne plock pro collect pożyczki opinie preferencyjny kredyt studencki pko bp potrącenie pożyczki z wynagrodzenia kredyt bank jakie bankomaty warunki pożyczki chwilówki pożyczki na dowód bochnia czy umowa pożyczki podlega opodatkowaniu jak zaksięgować udzielone pożyczki kredyt bank warszawa grojecka kredyt na auto bez bik allegro kredyt w banku pocztowym dla policjantów konto w kredyt banku prominent pożyczki poznań prywatne pożyczki bez zastawu ogłoszenia chwilówki ruda śląska pożyczki chwilówki śląskie pożyczki pod zastaw kościan pozyczka na umowe zlecenie w czestochowie numer tel kontaktowego na pożyczke w chełm kredyt bank lokata terminowa econstans kredyt w banku czy u doradcy kredyt w banku bps cashout pożyczki pożyczki 24h opinie kredyt bank windykacja praca pożyczki do domu bez bik pożyczki bez bik jawor pożyczki chwilówki olkusz kredyt bank mieszkanie kredyt studencki pko wypłata kredyt bank pionki pożyczki katowice 3 maja optima pożyczki jakie dokumenty kredyt bank lublin zana kraków pożyczki prywatne kredyty pozabankowe numer telefonu kredyty chwilowki nowa sol umorzenie pożyczki mieszkaniowej kredyt bank placówka gdańsk kredyt odnawialny w mbanku dla studenta kredyt mieszkaniowy w deutsche banku opinie pożyczki z zadłużeniem komorniczym asper pożyczki inowrocław pożyczki internetowe bez bik umowa umorzenia pożyczki wzór pożyczki na dowód w płocku kredyt konsolidacyjny zamkniecie rachunku w pożyczki pozabankowe ustawa w jakim banku pozyczka na dowod wyliczenie odsetek od pożyczki mieszkaniowej z zfśs kredyt konsolidacyjny wniosek on line pożyczki domówki kraków pożyczki peer to peer wycena udzielonej pożyczki na dzień bilansowy pożyczki krótkoterminowe kredyt samochodowy w santanderze kredyt w multibanku monetto pożyczki przedawnienie pożyczki z zakładu pracy mikropożyczki pomorskie szybkie pożyczki do 2000 niebezpieczne pożyczki kredyt bez bik pod zastaw samochodu optima pożyczki tel kredyt konsolidacyjny bydgoszcz kredyt samochodowy dla studenta kredyty chwilówki opinia kredyt na mieszkanie w banku millenium pożyczki ogłoszenia pożyczki bez przelewu na konto asper pożyczki kredyt bank wymiana karty kredyty chwilówki pruszcz gdański kredyt studencki wbk forum pozyczki siódemka ząbkowice podatek od pożyczki na działalność gospodarczą kredyty bez biku gorzow wlkp kredyt mieszkaniowy wylicz ratę kredyt bank konto studenckie kredyt na samochód bez zaświadczeń bez bik kredyt bank ruda śląska kredyt bez bik w płocku pożyczki nieopodatkowane kredyt bank v oddział warszawa kredyty bank wbk pożyczki gotówkowe na umowe zlecenie kredyt bank zarobki 2011 access pożyczki piaseczno pożyczki dla polaków uk pożyczki chwilówki bez erif pożyczki chwilówki łuków pożyczki profinet pożyczki pozabankowe na raty pożyczki długoterminowe na dowód pożyczki olesnica pożyczki gotówkowe bez zaświadczeń kredyt bank przedłużona gwarancja kredyt bank wypłata gotówki lokata w kredyt banku opinie pożyczki prywatne sanok kredyt w banku aib kredyt w uk dla zadluzonych firma finan pożyczki pożyczki provident przez internet umowa pożyczki mieszkaniowej z zfśs kredyt konsolidacyjny w tym samym banku kredyt bank pożyczka na dowód pozyczki bez bik i krd numerz tel kredyty chwilówki inwestor opinie kredyt bank oddział sopot kościuszki kredyt bank uk kredyt konsolidacyjny bank polski pożyczki kraków rynek podgórski kredyt mieszkaniowy dla singli kalkulator pożyczki jeremie dolnośląskie gdzie mozna uzyskac kredyt bez bik umorzenie spłaty pożyczki z zfśs pożyczki gotówkowe kalkulator pozyczki inwestor prywatne udzielone pożyczki w bilansie pożyczki chrzanów godziny przelewów przychodzących kredyt bank kredyt studencki pko bp terminy pożyczki z opóźnieniami umowa pożyczki z osobą fizyczną numer konta w kredyt banku kredyt bank w rawie mazowieckiej kredyt konsolidacyjny na dowod online kredyt pod zastaw domu w banku pro domo pożyczki nowe miasto lubawskie pozyczki od osob prywatnych lodz pożyczki do domu opole pożyczki gotówkowe z bikiem kredyt bez bik braniewo kredyt konsolidacyjny w skoku stefczyka umowa pożyczki osoba prywatna zwrot pożyczki bez umowy pisemnej bankomaty kredyt bank gliwice pożyczki online bez bik pożyczki bez bik przez internet w 15 minut kredyt bez biku na dowód kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim 2012 kredyty chwilówki oprocentowanie kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator kredyt bank prowizja za granicą kredyt mieszkaniowy porównanie banków kredyt na dowod w jakim banku szukam szybkiej pożyczki ile kosztuje przelew zagraniczny w kredyt banku eurobank kredyt pożyczki chwilówki limanowa pożyczki na spłatę komornika pożyczki w domu łódź kredyt studencki pko bp sa kiedy umowa pożyczki jest ważna kredyt mieszkaniowy a komornik kredyt bank depozyty opodatkowanie odsetek od pożyczki dla osoby fizycznej kredyt samochodowy ranking kalkulator kredyt na auto bez biku kredyty chwilówki jarosław idea bank kredyt online opinie biznes pożyczki chwilówki pożyczki bez bik mińsk mazowiecki oprocentowanie pożyczki pko sa pożyczki chwilówki w białymstoku kredyt bank ken 98 pożyczki pozabankowe wspólpraca sprzedaż wierzytelności z tytułu pożyczki pożyczki dla będących w bik eu2 pożyczki poręczenie pożyczki a zdolność kredytowa udzielenie pożyczki przez spółkę komandytową chwilowki bez zdolnosci kredytoeej na dowod formy pożyczki santander consumer bank kredyt kontakt kredyt bank gorzów wlkp kredyt bank marki godziny otwarcia w jakim banku pozyczka na dowod umowa pożyczki ze spłatą w ratach kredyt bank koszalin piłsudskiego 85 bankomaty kredyt bank gliwice pożyczki bez podatku umowa pożyczki na rachunek bankowy kredyt samochodowy forum opinie kredyt bank dm czy duza jest przyznawalnosc pozyczki optima umowa pożyczki zawarta za granicą pożyczki do 40000 pożyczki śląsk opodatkowanie odsetek od pożyczki od osoby fizycznej kredyt bank kurs usd kredyty pozabankowe skierniewice kredyt studencki pko urlop dziekański pożyczki bez kosztów kredyty chwilowki jelenia gora pożyczki chwilówki wodzisław śląski pko bp kredyt studencki aneks pozyczka online 24h bez przelewu 1 grosza kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zgody małżonka kredyt dla nowych firm bez biku kredyt dodatkowy w getin banku alior bank kredyt dla bezrobotnych emida pożyczki prywatne jak zaksięgować umowę pożyczki między spółkami pozyczki na oswiadczenie grudziadz kredyt studencki bank pko kredyty od reki od 18lat ostrowiec sw kredyt mieszkaniowy bgż kalkulator kredyt studencki pko urlop dziekański kredyty mieszkaniowe na 100 wartości nieruchomości alior bank kalkulator kredytu gotówkowego kredyt bez bik wbk jakie jest oprocentowanie w stefczyku pozyczki pożyczki bez bik ostrołęka pożyczki do domu bydgoszcz pożyczki za 1 gr regulamin pożyczki kredyty w skok bez bik kredyt bankowy pod zastaw mieszkania kredyty mieszkaniowe współpraca szybkie pożyczki bez bik i krd poznań pożyczki na dowód bez biku bank kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator kredyt bank nidzica godziny otwarcia pożyczki bez bik i krd poznań szybkie i tanie pożyczki przez internet pozyczka bez bik 5000 pożyczki pozabankowe duze kwoty kredyt bank kołobrzeska 12 gdańsk pfron pożyczki dla niepełnosprawnych kredyt w uk bez historii kredytowej kredyt bank w legionowie godziny otwarcia kredyt odnawialny w credit agricole pożyczki bez bik krd big kredyty chwilówki jawor umowa pożyczki u notariusza pozyczki bez bik gliwice gotowka do reki bocian pożyczki przez internet czy duza jest przyznawalnosc pozyczki optima pożyczki prywatne oferty 2013 pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik i krd windykator terenowy kredyty chwilówki opinie abis pozyczka dla bezrobotnego łukasz fornela pozyczki bank pekao sa kredyty studenckie kredyt samochodowy dla nowych firm kredyt bankowy proz pożyczki tlf kredyt bank giżycko pożyczki na niski dochód kredyt online bank pocztowy kredyt konsolidacyjny gdzie najlatwiej dostac kredyt bank koło tel kredyt pozabankowy na auto kredyt konsolidacyjny w banku spółdzielczym kredyt konsolidacyjny na długi okres umowa zawarcia pożyczki wzór pewne pożyczki dla każdego pożyczki ranking 2012 sennik kredyt bankowy pożyczki gotówkowe z obłsugą w domu kredyt bank w prabutach pożyczki kredyty bez historii maksymalne oprocentowanie pożyczki gotówkowej pożyczki na dowód kielce kredyt konsolidacyjny forum pożyczki online bez przelewu umowa pożyczki z wekslem pożyczki pozabankowe psie pole wrocław kredyt bank przejęcie jak uzyskac kredyt bez biku pożyczki gotówkowe z obłsugą w domu kredyt bank warszawa v oddział jaki kredyt konsolidacyjny wybrać kredyt bank lokaty internetowe kredyty chwilówki zarabiaj z nami kiedy umowa pożyczki jest nieważna pozyczka pelikan jelenia gora kredyt bankowy literatura pożyczki w skoku opinie pożyczki bez bik nowogard kredyt bank kasprzaka 2 8 kredyt bank w kaliszu kredyty konsolidacyjne oddłużanie odsetki od pożyczki koszty podatkowe kredyt bank pułtusk godziny otwarcia open finance kredyt konsolidacyjny bez bik pożyczki pod zastaw pruszków kalkulator kredytu mieszkaniowego rodzina na swoim kredyt bank fuzja pracownicy optima pożyczki zielona góra umowa pożyczki chwilówki wzór kredyty pozabankowe luban kredyt bez bik sochaczew kredyty bez bik lubliniec kredyt bank w sochaczewie pożyczki unijne małopolska kredyt bank iii oddział wrocław drugi kredyt w tym samym banku forum kredyt samochodowy bank pko kredyt bank jasło pożyczki bez bik świnoujście pożyczki warszawa bez zaświadczeń kredyty chwilowki janosik umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs zmarłemu emerytowi kredyt bankowy dla mśp prywatne udziele pożyczki w kościanie pozyczki pozabankowe bez pracy pożyczki chwilówki słupca kredyt bank elektroniczny pożyczki kc pożyczki bez bik i krd chrzanów kredyt bank a santander kredyt konsolidacyjny kraków kredyt konsolidacyjny w uk kredyt bank kościuszki kielce termin przedawnienia rat pożyczki najtańszy kredyt konsolidacyjny na rynku pożyczki bez dochodu i bik cele pożyczki jak obliczyć oprocentowanie pożyczki w skali roku kredyt bank radom kredyt konsolidacyjny znaczenie kredyty mieszkaniowe maj 2013 kredyty bez bik jastrzebie zdroj szybkie pożyczki panda emida pożyczki prywatne jak zdobyć kredyt bez bik ewidencja otrzymanej pożyczki poszukuję pożyczki konto ror w kredyt banku kredyt konsolidacyjny pozabankowy kredyt do 15000 bez bik kredyt bez biku płock usługa udzielenia pożyczki kredyt na 5 zł orange kredyt bank pionki kredyt prowizja banku kredyt bankowy w spadku zawieszenie kredytu bank pko sa kredyty konsolidacyjne bez bik i zabezpieczeń umowa pożyczki spółka z oo pożyczki remontowe pożyczki w domu klienta optima w jakim banku wziac kredyt na mieszkanie pożyczki bez historii kredytowej kredyt w bank pko bp udzielić pożyczki angielski kredyt bank kraków ul długa kredyt bank sa wałbrzych kredyt bank zastrzeganie kart pożyczki 50 zł pożyczki na innowacje kredyt bank filia poraj przedawnienie pożyczki udzielonej przez bank pożyczki na rente rafał konarski pozyczki kredyt samochodowy deutsche bank kalkulator pożyczki bez umowy o prace łodz kredyt bank w lublinie ul narutowicza kredyt w banku na dowod kredyty mieszkaniowe kalkulator rat kredyt bank piaseczno telefon kredyty chwilówki grochowska pożyczki dla mikroprzedsiębiorców kredyty gotówkowe bez bik warszawa pożyczki bocian międzyrzecz szybki kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zabezpieczeń kredyt mieszkaniowy 150 tys rata kredyt konsolidacyjny symulacja kredyt bez bik na auto dobry kredyt pozabankowy kredyty bez bik i krd lublin pożyczki prywatne jarosław kredyt bank placówki warszawa bielany pożyczki na dowód gdańsk gdańsk pożyczki bez bik kredyt bez bik 24 pożyczki od zaraz wrocław provident opodatkowanie odsetek od pożyczki od osoby fizycznej umorzenie pożyczki wzór pisma kredyty pozabankowe chwilówki pożyczki skarabeusz nowy targ pożyczki najtaniej pożyczki pozabankowe z obsługą w domu praca w kredyt banku 2012 kredyt bank oddział konstancin kredyt chwilowka gdansk kalkulator pożyczki bank śląski kredyt konsolidacyjny zielona góra umowa pożyczki w rodzinie a podatek kredyty chwilówki bydgoszcz fordon kredyt chwilówka krotoszyn pożyczki unijne wysokie pożyczki pozabankowe pożyczki konsolidacyjne na jaki numer kredyt w orange pożyczki zagraniczne państwa wbk24 kredyt konsolidacyjny umowa pożyczki między bratem a siostrą udzielenie pożyczki spółce przez udziałowca kredyt bank warszawa oddział kredyty chwilówki w słupsku kredyt bank nowogard kredyt konsolidacyjny ranking 2012 kod na kredyt 1 zł w orange pożyczki w skoku forum pożyczka w domu bez bik jaki jest numer na kredyt w orange kredyt bank windykacja lublin kontakt placówki kredyt banku w warszawie kredyt bank lokaty jednodniowe prywatne pozyczki kolobrzeg do 50000 umowa pożyczki firmy pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik płock pożyczki pozabankowe porady umowa pożyczki pomiędzy spółkami kapitałowymi kredyty chwilówki prokuratura pożyczki na sam dowód osobisty kredyt bank oddział włocławek czy można umorzyć pożyczkę cywilną pożyczki pozabankowe na pit pożyczki pod weksel katowice umowa pożyczki informacje pożyczki w domu klienta optima pożyczki pod zastaw akcji jsw kredyt bank warszawa telefon pożyczki akcess kredyt bank przejęcie 2011 kredyt przez internet bez bik i zaświadczeń szybkie pożyczki pozabankowe przez internet kredyt gotówkowy skok chmielewskiego pożyczki w pko sa wynagrodzenie w kredyt banku kredyt bank oddział warszawa kondratowicza kredyt bank grójecka 45 godziny otwarcia kredyty chwilówki płock opinie pożyczki gotówkowe promocje kredyt bank w pabianicach kredyt bank warszawa niepodległości

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

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funny sayings

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad