podatek od pożyczki od rodziny 2012 kredyt bank w tarnowie szybkie pożyczki bez bik i krd przez internet kredyty chwilówki forum praca pożyczki na telefon bez bik marża w kredyt banku pożyczka bez bik abis udzielam pożyczki kredyty poza bankowe włocławek kredyt bez bik gorzów wlkp udzielenie pożyczki innej firmie kredyty chwilówki przez telefon pożyczki pozabankowe on line kredyt bank zambrów kredyt gotówkowy bez bik zaświadczeń kredyt bank logo eps kredyt pozabankowy koszalin szybki kredyt dla firmy bez bik bezzwrotne pożyczki dla małych firm pożyczki opole pożyczki chwilówki kołobrzeg kredyt dla firm bez bik zielona góra konwersja pożyczki na kapitał zakładowy vat częstochowa pożyczki bez bik kredyty na samochod bez biku bankomaty kredyt bank gliwice kredyt samochodowy oprocentowanie forum kredyt bank siedziba adres kredyt w banku bez bik spłata pożyczki osobie fizycznej kredyt bank rawicz pożyczki w wojsku mikropożyczki ue pożyczki językowe niskooprocentowane pożyczki z funduszy unijnych kredyt bank kościuszki kielce kalkulator odsetek od pożyczki gofin pożyczki chwilówki na dowód olsztyn kredyt bank w tomaszowie mazowieckim kredyt bank fundusz nieruchomości kredyt bank karmelicka pożyczki gotówkowe płock kredyt bank częstochowa bankomaty pożyczki prywatne na podkarpaciu kredyt bank rozwiązanie umowy kredyty chwilówki bytom jagiellońska pożyczki pod zastaw gniezno kredyt konsolidacyjny zdolność kredytowa kredyt bank rachunek oszczędnościowy pożyczki bez zaświadczeń jelenia góra kredyt bank call center pożyczki przez internet 15 minut kredyt bank plewiska kredyt w pekao sa opinie kredyt konsolidacyjny korzyści kredyty konsolidacyjne ranking 2013 kredyt bank radzyń podlaski pozyczki bez bik ktore mozna wyplacic na poczcie pożyczki z tygodniową spłatą pożyczki na dowód vivus kredyt bank ostrow wlkp godziny otwarcia finan pożyczki legnica kredyt bank gizycko pożyczki przez internet ranking pożyczki bez bik konsolidacyjne podatek od pożyczki kara bocian pożyczki biała podlaska alior bank kredyt na dowód kredyt gotówkowy bez umowy o pracę kredyt bank zagiel warszawa kredyt bank grojec calkowita splata pozyczki wzor pożyczki od ludzi kredyt bankowy podstawa prawna obliczanie procentów pożyczki pożyczki pozabankowe w pabianicach w ktorym banku najlepiej wziąć kredyt mieszkaniowy kredyty bankowe sciaga bocian pożyczki opinie praca torun pozyczki na procent kredyt bez bik i krd warszawa pożyczki chwilówki w lublinie pożyczki lipno pożyczki pod zastaw 24h lombard jagiellońska 11 kredyt bank focha 4 bydgoszcz udzielenie pożyczki udziałowcowi pożyczki pod zastaw siemianowice śląskie pożyczki kredyty gotówkowa kredyty bankowe ksiazki kredyt bank sokołów podlaski kontakt kredyt bank warszawa targówek kredyt bank płatność kartą za granicą pożyczki włodawa zarobki kredyt bank forum pożyczki chwilówki kwidzyn jakie zarobki w kredyt banku kredyt bank polna 11 kredyty mieszkaniowe dla emerytów pożyczki bez bik wałbrzych kredyt mieszkaniowy bez bik kredyt bank bednarska kredyty chwilówki on line kredyt bank łódź zgierska 42a pożyczki na dowód wonga giżycko pożyczki dla zadłużonych w bik u kredyt bank cz pożyczki chwilówki chodzież kredyty mieszkaniowe w londynie pozyczki osoby prywatne bydgoszcz kredyt bankowy ksiazka pozyczki bez sprawdzania w bik ostrów wielkopolski pożyczki jeremie forum uzasadnienie pożyczki na remont kredyt mieszkaniowy z wkladem wlasnym kalkulator bocian pożyczki olsztyn orange kod kredyt kredyt bank poland swift łukasz woźniak pożyczki kredyt w credit agricole kalkulator kredyt samochodowy bez biku pożyczki pozabankowe białogard kredyt bank żeromskiego tel kredyt bank warszawa grójecka kredyt lombardowy banku komercyjnego kredyt bank warszawa kasprzaka godziny otwarcia kredyt bank konto oszczędnościowe concerto pożyczki bez bik żory kredyt samochodowy ranking kredyt bank plac powstańców pożyczki nidzica umowa pożyczki lichwa kredyty pozabankowe chwilówki kredyt bank kazimierzowskie pożyczki od prywatnej osoby pozyczki na dowud lub firme kredyt mieszkaniowy dla osob mieszkajacych za granica bocian pożyczki nip odsetki od pożyczki wibor pożyczki prywatne kokos szukam pożyczki pod nieruchomość pożyczki bez bik i krd warszawa pożyczki gotówkowe do 7000 pożyczki pozabankowe włocławek prośba o umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs kredyt bank koszty kredyt bank gorlice godziny umowa pożyczki zwolniona z podatku kredyt bez biku nowy sącz kredyt w banku aib bocian pożyczki koscierzyna umowa pożyczki opodatkowanie odsetek kredyt samochodowy w jakim banku pożyczka bez bik na 30 lat kredyt studencki warunki 2012 kredyt bank rzecznik kredyt bankowy bibliografia kredyt konsolidacyjny multibank kalkulator umowa pożyczki termin spłaty kredyt bank w nidzicy kredyt pod zastaw auta bez bik kredyt bez biku pabianice pożyczka na dowód przez pocztę kredyt bank turek godziny otwarcia kredyt dla nowych firm idea bank opinie kredyt bank sa warszawa adres kredyt bank żytnia warszawa godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki powtórnej kredyt bank pekao sa kredyt bank elektroniczny pożyczki bez biku sieradz umowa pożyczki pomiędzy osobami fizycznymi podatek kredyt mieszkaniowy śmierć kredytobiorcy kredyt na remont w getin banku kredyt bankowy pod zastaw mieszkania kredyt studencki pko bp umorzenie kredyt samochodowy dla rolnika pronus pożyczki kredyt pozabankowy rzeszów kredyt bank kampania telefoniczna pożyczki alior sync kredyt bank wloclawek godziny otwarcia kredyt bank bankomaty bydgoszcz financial pożyczki pożyczki ostrów mazowiecka kredyty gotówkowe pozabankowe wrocław kredyty chwilówki chorzów banki kredyt online wspólnik udziela pożyczki spółce kredyt bank warszawa rudnickiego umowa pożyczki u notariusza porównanie kredytów samochodowych dla firm optima pożyczki grudziądz pożyczki bez bik pułtusk kredyty bankowe ściąga pożyczki na weksel szczecin bankomaty kredyt banku kielce dwie pożyczki w jednym banku spłata pożyczki walutowej w złotówkach kredyt w euro banki pko bp kredyt mieszkaniowy wymagane dokumenty poszukuje pożyczki pozabankowej kredyt bez biku i zdolności kredytowej kredyt w banku agricole pożyczki w domu klienta kredyty chwilówki kraków ul długa pożyczki pozabankowe legionowo kredyty hipoteczne lodz pod zastaw domu bocian pozyczki swinoujscie omnico pożyczki pokwitowanie odbioru pożyczki preferencyjne pożyczki dla przedsiębiorców pożyczki od osób prywatnych rzeszów kredyt bank oddział sopot kościuszki mariusz dudziński pożyczki przelew zagraniczny kredyt bank koszt optima pożyczki jelenia góra pko bank polski sa kredyt studencki jak zrobić przelew zagraniczny w kredyt banku umowa pożyczki podatek 2012 kredyty pozabankowe pod weksel umowa pożyczki dla rodziny wzór kredyt bank godziny otwarcia gdynia szybkie kredyty online bez bik alior bank kredyt dla bezrobotnych kredyt bank pierwsze logowanie kredyty pozabankowe ruda śląska pozyczka z bez bik i z komornikiem lodz kredyt samochodowy w banku spółdzielczym kredyt mieszkaniowy bez małżeństwa kredyt bank szczecinek kontakt charakter prawny pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki ogłoszenia kredyt bank konta walutowe kredyt gotówkowy w eurobanku opinie kredyt bank włocławek plac wolności kontakt kredyt bank sa lublin zana wzór umowy pożyczki między osobami fizycznymi kredyt chwilówka spłata kredyt w eurobanku bez bik przedawnienie pożyczki cywilnej kredyt online bank pocztowy umowa zawarcia pożyczki db kredyt bez biku alior bank kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zabezpieczenia kredyt bank mickiewicz białystok kredyt bank wyniki finansowe 2012 kredyt konsolidacyjny czy warto forum kredyt na alimety bez bik kozienice pożyczki na dowód kołobrzeg pozyczka pod zastaw auto chrzanow kredyt bank witomino bezpieczny kredyt pozabankowy wzór umowy pożyczki pieniędzy od brata umowa pożyczki cywilnej kredyt pozabankowe online kredyt bankowy jako źródło finansowania pozyczka na dowod bez zaswiadczen przez internet promesa udzielenia pożyczki pożyczki na dowód vivus oprocentowanie kredytu gotowkowego w santander bank umowa pożyczki bezprocentowej kredyt bank pelplin tel pozyczki bez zaswiadczen bielsk podlaski kredyty pod zastaw bez bik niezgłoszona umowa pożyczki kredyt bank wroclaw strzegomska kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim pekao sa lukas bank kredyt kontakt pożyczki gotówkowe w santander kronos pożyczki kontakt kredyt bank zarząd pożyczki younga kredyt mieszkaniowy marzec 2012 kredyt bankowy kiedy się przedawnia kredyt w banku kredyty gotówkowe bez bik kredyt na konto w 15 minut bez bik krd na dowód kredyt dla nowo powstałych firm bez bik kredyt bank w skarżysku kredyty chwilówki czy warto oprocentowanie kredytu gotowkowego w santander bank odmowa pożyczki w vivus pożyczki ratalne księgowanie udzielonej pożyczki z zfśs pożyczki chwilówki wieliczka pożyczki lombardowe pod zastaw samochodu najkorzystniejsze pożyczki kredyty bez bik i krd szczecin pożyczki z poręczycielem druk umowy pożyczki w rodzinie pozyczka dla pracujacym w czechach kredyt bank wojska polskiego olsztyn pcc od pożyczki wspólnika spółki jawnej umowa pożyczki koszty notarialne udzielenie pożyczki podmiotowi zagranicznemu bank pocztowy kredyt online umowa pożyczki ord u bank pekao kredyt online bez zaświadczeń kredyt w meritum bank forum kredyty chwilówki zamość partyzantów pożyczka z obsługą w domu warszawa getin bank auto kredyt kalkulator kredyt konsolidacyjny dla prowadzących działalność kredyt samochodowy dla firm mbank kredyty chwilówki środa wlkp kredyt w pko bp dla firm umowa pożyczki matka córka pożyczki na działalnosc pożyczki gotówkowe bgż bankowy kredyt gotówkowy pozyczki na raty pożyczki bez dokumentów pożyczki prywatne podatki kredyt bez bik kielce kredyt bank historia powstania kredyt bank godziny otwarcia tarnów pożyczka do domu płock pożyczki pozabankowe będzin kod kredytu do orange pożyczki chwilówki jelenia góra optima pożyczki reklama kredyty bankowe ksiegowanie kredyt bank 3 oddział poznań kredyt getin banku kredyt bank gdańsk chałubińskiego godziny otwarcia kredyt konsolidacyjny 15000 jakie banki udzielają kredytów bez bik umowa pożyczki a podatek vat pożyczki bez bik i krd legnica kredyt samochodowy dla studenta kredyt bank w kętrzynie pożyczki oddłużeniowe na dowud pozyczki na doeod bez biku na dowod telefon zary kredyt bankowy po angielsku kredyty bez biku wloclawek gdzie najłatwiej o kredyt mieszkaniowy kredyt konsolidacyjny mieszkaniowy umowa pożyczki mieszkaniowej z zfśs wzór pożyczki chwilówki świecie kredyty pozabankowe opole kredyty bez bik i krd olsztyn pożyczki pozabankowe gdańsk pożyczki chwilówki tarnobrzeg szybkie pożyczki bytom kredyt bank nysa szopena kredyt mieszkaniowy ing forum ewidencja księgowa pożyczki z zfśs kredyt bank zwolnienia 2013 pożyczki grodzisk mazowiecki kredyt bank ostróda kontakt kredyt bankowy bez bik money time pożyczki kredyt w pko bp opinie 2013 pożyczki ze złą historią w bik kredyty chwilówki śrem kredyt konsolidacyjny lukas bank opinie nowość pożyczki do domu kredyt bank sa oddział w sieradzu kredyty chwilówki kędzierzyn odsetki od pożyczki nota czy faktura kredyt konsolidacyjny wysokość raty umowa pożyczki a umowa użyczenia umowa pożyczki realna czy konsensualna praca w pozyczkach ostrowwlkp pożyczki online vivus kredyty w uk po polsku pożyczki bez bik katowice w domu klijenta pożyczki dla zadłużonych poznań pożyczki bydgoszcz gdańska umowa pożyczki w euro praca pożyczki bocian kredyty chwilówki w 15 minut kredyt bank warszawa światowida pożyczki pod zastaw słupsk pożyczki chwilówki 5000 pożyczki gotówkowe z bik kredyt studencki pekao sa wniosek kredyt bank w zielonce kredyty chwilówki tarnów krakowska kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zaswiadczen pożyczki bez bik w białymstoku kredyt bank oprocentowanie lokat 2013 drugi kredyt w tym samym banku forum kredyt bank bankomaty euronet kredyt bank lokaty czerwiec 2012 kredyt bank piotrków tryb godziny otwarcia kredyt bank komornik pożyczki na dowód zabrze chwilówki kredyty gotówkowe kredyt bank lublin krakowskie przedmieście 37 kredyt bank placówki kredyt bank zagiel warszawa pożyczki myszków kredyt bez bik kościan kredyt remontowy w banku pekao sa kredyty banku światowego dla polski wydanie pożyczki santander norwegia kredyty kredyt bankowy po angielsku pożyczki chwilówki łęczyca pożyczki bez biku od zaraz vivus spłata pożyczki getin noble bank kredyt samochodowy jastrzębie zdrój szybki kredyt 2014r :l kredyty chwilówki andrychów umowa pożyczki spółce przez wspólnika udzielanie pozyczek a vat pożyczki gotówkowe artykuł kredyt na mieszkanie jaki bank forum bank pekao sa kalkulator kredytu turbo express pożyczki kredyt bank krosno godz otwarcia kredyt bank poznan morawskiego najprostszy kredyt przez internet bez bik odmowa udzielenia pożyczki w jakim banku można wziąć kredyt na dowód kredyt wg prawa bankowego pożyczki dla widniejących w krd kredyt bank prowizja od wpłaty kredyt mieszkaniowy własny kąt lokatorski kaska pożyczki opinie kredyt bank kolegialna 22 pożyczki chwilówki buk kredyt bank warszawa godziny otwarcia sobota kredyt bez bik dębica kredyt firmowy bez biku pożyczki dla zadłużonych i w bik pożyczki osoba prywatna profit pożyczki opinie kredyt bank kraków stradomska godziny otwarcia kredyty pozabankowe leszno kredyt bank śledziewski pożyczki płock kredyt bez bik co to znaczy kredyt bez bik tczew kredyt bank oddział piła duże pożyczki kredyt bank wyszogrodzka płock kredyt studencki bank wbk szybki kredyt bez bik na dowod pożyczka 6000 bez infomonitora kredyt studencki pko infolinia natalia kowalczyk pożyczki pożyczki unijne na rozpoczęcie działalności pożyczki graniczna lublin pożyczki charakterystyka pożyczki bez bik 5000 pożyczki ratunkowe wrocław pożyczki prywatne na weksel kredyty bez bik słupsk kredyt bank kołobrzeska 12 kredyty bankowe i ich zabezpieczenia praca magisterska pożyczki na dowód konin umowa pożyczki do druku umowa pożyczki gotówki druk cesja wierzytelności z tytułu pożyczki kredyt bank bielany pożyczki bez bik wałcz szybkie pożyczki opinie pożyczki chwilówki przez internet ranking kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator bank pocztowy pożyczki provident kraków kredyt bank w kłodzku odsetki od pożyczki w kpir usługi pożyczki białystok konwersja pożyczki na kapitał a różnice kursowe umowa pożyczki zfron pożyczki krótkoterminowe bez bik pożyczki z pfron kredyt studencki pko bp powtarzanie roku pożyczki literatura kredyt bank trzebnica kredyty mieszkaniowe maj 2012 kredyty i pożyczki gminy kredyt bank bz wbk połączenie kredyty chwilówki gniezno kredyty bez bik zielona góra kredyt taki jak provident rozwiązanie umowy pożyczki kredyt bank sa lublin narutowicza szybkie pożyczki vivus kredyt mieszkaniowy pko londyn kredyt bank płock wyszogrodzka kredyt bank sanok szopena kredyt bankowy ciekawostki pożyczki długoterminowe bez zaświadczeń pożyczki w domu koszalin umorzenie pożyczki a przychód pożyczki prywatne od inwestorów kredyt studencki pekao sa 2012 pożyczki dla zadłużonych z komornikiem 2013 finan pożyczki kredyt bank pelplin kredyty chwilówki wszystkie pozyczka w pko praca zagranica kredyt bank artykuł pożyczki gotówkowej zabezpieczonej aktywami płynnymi umowa pożyczki oprocentowanie kredyt bank a santander kredyt bank warszawa targowa

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad