kredyt konsolidacyjny oblicz kredyt konsolidacyjny nordea oprocentowanie kredyt bank goleniów godziny otwarcia kredyt bank pożyczka na dowód kredyt studencki pko bp kiedy decyzja kredyt bank warszawa grójecka 45 kredyty konsolidacyjne łódź getin noble bank kredyty samochodowe kontakt trudne pożyczki namysłów pożyczki pod zastaw łomża szybki kredyt 2014r :l kredyt bank konta oszczędnościowe umowa pożyczki z podmiotem zagranicznym umowa pożyczki wzór pożyczki pod zastaw polisy na życie kredyt gotówkowy banku pocztowego kredyt bankowy kredyt bankowy zalety i wady kredyt bank prabuty godziny otwarcia pożyczki pozabankowe provident pożyczki pozabankowe konin kredyty pozabankowe chełm anulowanie umowy pożyczki udzielenie pożyczki gofin pożyczki chwilówki ostrów wlkp kredyt bank poleska godziny otwarcia prywatne pożyczki pod weksel poznań kredyt bank wspiera polskich żeglarzy pożyczki pozabankowe kłodzko pożyczki w domu klienta bez bik kredyty bez bik chojnice kredyt bank poznań godziny otwarcia poszukuję pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości pozyczka bez bik w mbank kredyt w banku ochrony środowiska pożyczki bez zaświadczeń bydgoszcz pożyczki od osób prywatnych lods kredyty chwilówki opinie forum pożyczki bez windykacji kredyt bank rachunek dla firm nowe pożyczki chwilówki przez internet kredyt mieszkaniowy dla malzenstw przedawnienie pożyczki gotówkowej przelewy zagraniczne w kredyt bank kredyty chwilówki w skok pożyczki z obsługą w domu klienta kredyt na oswiadczenie w credit agricole słupia pożyczki dla firm kredyty mieszkaniowe bank pko sa kredyt bank zielonka godziny kredyt bank w opolu pożyczki online chwilówki umowa pożyczki wzór odsetki kredyt bank międzyzdroje tel kredyt dla wspólnoty mieszkaniowej kredyt bank spółka akcyjna kredyt w uk jak dostac pożyczki krotoszyn pożyczki aasa chwilowka tczew czy dostane pozyczke na dowod pożyczki pod zastaw świdnik żyrafa pożyczki chwilówki kredyt bank osiedle kazimierzowskie godziny otwarcia mikropożyczki kraków pozyczki bez baz bialystok kredyt bank poznań krauthofera umowa pożyczki druk do pobrania umorzenie odsetek od pożyczki a vat kredyt bank oddział w zamościu pozyczki dla osob w biku we wroclawiu umowa pożyczki podatek 2012 kredyt bank warszawa tarchomin kredyt konsolidacyjny ze złą historią w bik kredyt bank metro politechnika przyznawalność kredytów w credit agricole kredyt bank wołomin kontakt pożyczki kredyty dla zadłużonych pozyczka dla mlodych bez bik pozyczka bez bik w getin banku kredyt bank euribor pożyczki prywatne na umowę cywilno prawną pożyczki bez bik dzierżoniów umorzenie pożyczki a pcc kredyt remontowy w banku pekao sa szybka pozyczka gorzow wlkp kredyt bankowy chomikuj pożyczki gotówkowe bez bik i zaświadczeń kredyty bez bik wałbrzych kredyt bez biku 25000 umowa pożyczki bez odsetek wzór najtańszy kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim kredyt studencki pko umorzenie pozyczka pieniedzy plock drobne pożyczki przez internet kredyt bez bik piotrków tryb pożyczka 20000 w lesznie bez bik kredyt bank abrahama godziny otwarcia pożyczki chwilówki porównanie pożyczki ostrowiec kredyt konsolidacyjny meritum bank opinie pożyczki prywatne pozabankowe pożyczki bez bik i krd warszawa 2014 rok kredyt studencki w pekao getin bank oprocentowanie kredytów gotówkowych kredyt bezzwrotny idea bank opinie kredyt konsolidacyjny z komornikiem kredyt bank jarosław kontakt umowa pożyczki za granicą prowizja od umowy pożyczki a vat pozyczki provident i inne krakow kalkulator kredyt konsolidacyjny alior bank kredyt bank bezprowizyjne bankomaty kredyty bez bik 30000 kredyt bank filia w piasecznie kredyty konsolidacyjne kalkulator rat pbs kredyty pod działalność gosp szukam pożyczki prywatnej 2012 kredyt bank warszawa aleja krakowska godziny otwarcia kredyty chwilówki warszawa grójecka pożyczki accord szybkie pożyczki w szkocji pozyczka bez wykazywania dochodów kredyt mieszkaniowy dla singli dofinansowanie księgowanie odsetek od pożyczki udziałowca kredyty chwilowki bytom kredyty chwilówki raty bank światowy pożyczki dla polski umowa pożyczki jak wypełnić umowa pożyczki bez odsetek kredyty bez bik i zabezpieczeń nobilon pożyczki gdansk umowa pożyczki ord u umowa pożyczki między udziałowcem a spółką pożyczki bez bik w suwałkach bocian pożyczki a komornik kredyty mieszkaniowe pułapki kredyty bez bik i krd lublin pożyczki lubliniec pożyczki vivus kredyt hipoteczny getin pbs kalkulator pożyczki przed świętami kredyt bank sa adres kredyt w banku pekao sa pożyczki w 5 minut kredyt studencki pko bp do kiedy legitymacja kredyt konsolidacyjny polbank kalkulator wypowiedzenie umowy pożyczki kredyt bez sprawdzania w bik przez internet kredyt bank dyrektor regionalny kredyt bank konto junior luk pożyczki pożyczki pod zastaw mieszkania bez bik kredyt bank w mińsku mazowieckim pożyczki advice oświadczenie o umorzeniu pożyczki kredyt bank kosciuszki kielce kredyt bez bik 10 00ibez zaświatczen kredyt konsolidacyjny w kb bank pko sa kredyt studencki dokumenty pożyczki pod zastaw zgorzelec kredyt bank w białej podlaskiej kredyt bank wypowiedzenie umowy ubezpieczenia afera w kredyt banku pożyczki dla osób pracujących za granicą kredyty mieszkaniowe dla polakow pracujacych za granica kredyt gotówkowy bez bik dla firm kredyt w banku bez poreczycieli wloclawek kredyt bank warszawa dział windykacji kredyt konsolidacyjny bank pocztowy opinie kredyt bank praca szczecin kredyt bank spółdzielczy pożyczki przez internet dla firmy kredyt wspólnota mieszkaniowa odpowiedzialność bezpieczne pożyczki przez internet kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator euro pozyczki udzielane w domu lublin kredyt bank jutrzenki godziny otwarcia pożyczki do 3000 zł pożyczki bez bik katowice kredyt konsolidacyjny na działalność gospodarczą kredyt gotówkowy bez bik szczecin kredyt studencki sgb bank kredyty chwilówki opinie o firmie kredyt konsolidacyjny comperia agata lis pożyczki kredyt oddłużeniowy pozabankowy umowa pożyczki mezzanine kredyt konsolidacyjny dla osób zadłużonych pożyczki prywatne gdzie kredyt ratalny banki umowa pożyczki gotówki jak uzyskać kredyt bez bik kredyty bez bik pożyczki szczecin pożyczki na dowód gdynia pilne pożyczki bez bik eurocash pożyczki toruń umowa pożyczki pieniędzy doc kredyty bankowe sciaga szybki kredyt 2014r :l bocian pożyczki dla kogo kredyt gotówkowy w banku pocztowym forum pożyczki domówki grudziądz pożyczki na dowód olsztynek kredyt bank polan poznań pozyczka bez big w domu klienta wołow kredyt bank wroclaw plac solny kredyt bank radom żeromskiego kontakt kredyt bank w piszu wyłudzenie pożyczki kodeks karny przeksięgowanie pożyczki na kapitał zapasowy pożyczki na 90 dni pożyczki na dowód debica kredyt bez bik nowy tomyśl kredyt bankowy przeterminowany kredyty chwilówki swiebodzin kredyt bank krakow oddzialy kredyt bank departament windykacji warszawa pożyczki oława pożyczki w skoku forum kredyty chwilówki windykacja pozyczki od osob prywatnych w bialymstoku odsetki od pożyczki faktura czy nota pożyczki tygodniówki kredyt samochodowy bez bik dla nowych firm kredyt w uk przez internet kredyt konsolidacyjny boś bank pozyczka pod weksel bialystok kredyt konsolidacyjny santander kalkulator nie zgłosiłem pożyczki od rodziny kredyt konsolidacyjny ze złą historią kredyty pozabankowe piekary śląskie kredyty pozabankowe bez bik krd kredyt bank blawatna kredyt bank w zorach kredyt pod zastaw mieszkania bez bik umowa w sprawie pożyczki z zfśs w jakim banku kredyt gotowkowy opinie pożyczki dla bezrobotnych forum kredyty chwilówki net amber gold pożyczki opinie 2012 kredyt konsolidacyjny ranking i wasze opinie oprocentowanie pożyczki mieszkaniowej z zfśs kredyt bez bik siedlce kredyt bank forum 2012 kredyt bank kraków kapelanka kredyt bank łódź piłsudskiego pożyczki bez bik i krd na dowód kredyt w banku irlandzkim pożyczki społecznościowe porównanie pożyczki bez bik mogilno kredyt samochodowy bez biku kredyt bank klienci stewczyk w słupsk pozyczka na dowód pożyczki bez bik zdunska wola kredyt mieszkaniowy pekao sa forum pożyczki ok kredyt chwilówka windykacja umowa pożyczki a pcc 2012 kredyt w lukas banku kalkulator udziele pożyczki prywatnie kredyt samochodowy dla lekarza pozyczki w domu warszawa pożyczki internetowe od 18 lat kredyty bez bik kraków pcc od pożyczki płaci kredyt konsolidacyjny w getin banku kredyt bank pozycja na rynku kredyty chwilówki turek pożyczki na dowód krosno kredyt bank cena akcji kredyt konsolidacyjny w banku pocztowym kredyt bank w bełchatowie pożyczki chorzów pożyczki opoczno umowa pożyczki od członka rodziny kredyty chwilówki bez bik pożyczki bez bik katowice w domu klijenta kredyt bank białołęka bez bik kredyt bank obsługa kart kredyt bank węgorzewo kiedy jest wyłudzenie pożyczki placówki kredyt banku łódź pożyczki pko sa pożyczki z biedronki potrącanie pożyczki z wynagrodzenia pożyczki dla mikroprzedsiębiorstw opole kredyty chwilówki kredyt bez bik i krs pożyczki gotówkowe konin kredyt na dowód bez bik i zaświadczeń kredyt mieszkaniowy warunki otrzymania wysokość oprocentowania pożyczki kredyty chwilówki przez internet bez bik szybki kredyt bez bik szczecin czy od pożyczki płacimy podatek kredyt pod zastaw bez bik umowa pozyczki ze wsteczna data pożyczki bez bik ełk kredyt konsolidacyjny w banku zachodnim kredyt bank bialystok mickiewicza kredyt bank kapelanka pożyczki pozabankowe z niskim oprocentowaniem getin bank kredyty samochodowe tel pbs kredyty pod działalność gosp kredyt bank problem z bankomatem najtańsze pożyczki w banku pozyczki bez biku online bocian kredyt bank lębork godziny otwarcia udzielenie pożyczki bratu pcc od umowy pożyczki a vat bocian pożyczki kontakt warszawa kredyt bank w częstochowie godziny otwarcia kredyt bank lokata constans kredyt konsolidacyjny w banku zachodnim wbk ile można potrącić pożyczki z wynagrodzenia eurobank kredyt bez biku kredyt na mieszkanie w wbk umowa pożyczki wzór przelew pożyczki na konto pożyczki dla odrzuconych przez bik kredyt bank potwierdzenie przelewu szybkie pożyczki prywatne warszawa kredyt konsolidacyjny wniosek online kredyt w getin banku kredyty konsolidacyjne lodz kredyt chwilówka opinia pożyczki pod zastaw płock pożyczki gotówkowe wikipedia open finance krakow pozyczki poza bankowe kredyt bank busko godziny otwarcia pożyczki 20000 zł finan pożyczki legnica kredyt konsolidacyjny pnb paribas umowa pożyczki stowarzyszenie parabanki udzielające pozyczek bez sprawdzania biku kredyt bank biała podlaska tel kredyt bank dubois kredyt bank niepołomice pożyczki na dowód bez zaświadczeń pożyczki prywatne oferty 2013 kredyt na otwarcie firmy bez bik kredyt pekao sa kalkulator kredyt bez bik kraków pożyczki dla zadłużonych z komornikiem gliwice mikropożyczki ekonomia społeczna eurocash pożyczki opinie biznes pożyczki chwilówki bocian pożyczki a bik dom pod zastaw kredytu okres oczekiwania forum kredyt bank w koscianie pożyczki na dowód siedlce warunki pożyczki w provident kredyt bank legnica rynek kredyt konsolidacyjny z zajęciami komorniczymi szybkie pożyczki olsztyn kredyt bank warszawa conrada kredyt samochodowy dla studenta kredyt pod zastaw mieszkania wrocław kredyt bank powstańców śląskich warszawa telefon kredyt w anglii forum idea bank opinie kredyt obrotowy kredyt bank wałbrzych ul słowackiego kredyt bank długa kraków godziny otwarcia kredyt bank konto oszczędnościowe 2013 pożyczki przez internet od 18 lat na dowód pożyczki raty profil aktywny 50 kredyt bank kredyt getin krd kredyt na dowod w jakim banku definicja pożyczki gotówkowej jak wziąć kredyt w banku pożyczki pozabankowe chwilówki przez internet pożyczki 50000 kredyt bez bik i zaświadczeń słupsk bocian pożyczki infolinia kredyty bez biku warszawa pożyczki konsularne pożyczki bez bik elk pożyczki eurocent zmiana oprocentowania pożyczki pożyczki w 15 minut przez internet kredyt bank koszalin piłsudskiego godziny otwarcia nowe pozyczki kredyt bank dąbrowa górnicza godziny otwarcia kredyty chwilówki fordon pożyczki pod zastaw mosina pożyczki bez bik do 10000 placówki kredyt banku w białymstoku kredyt konsolidacyjny w banku pekao sa pożyczki na dowód opinie pozyczki gotuwkoiwe prywatne firmy mafi pożyczki bydgoszcz kredyt w uk dla każdego pożyczki pelikan kredyt bank zespół zajęć egzekucyjnych pożyczki bez bik dąbrowa górnicza umowy pożyczki gotówki kredyty bez bik września pozyczki na dzialalnosc bez bik kredyt bank bankomaty bezprowizyjne pożyczki pod zastaw lubelskie szybkie pożyczki vivus deutsche bank kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator pożyczki bez bik mielec kredyt bez bik na zakup mieszkania szybki kredyt bez zdolności kredytowej cash flow pożyczki kredyt gotówkowy santander oprocentowanie kredyt na firmę bez bik kredyt chwilówka na dowód warszawa kredyty mieszkaniowe wrzesień 2012 pozyczka bez biku na dowod zary kredyt konsolidacyjny banku bph kredyt bank w lubinie kredyt na pit pożyczki akcess umowa pożyczki pięniędzy pożyczki pozabankowe jelenia góra łukasz chlebicki pożyczki wymagalność odsetek od pożyczki kredyt bez bik us i zus firma 7 pożyczki praca opinie kredyt mieszkaniowy dla rodziny kredyt bankowy podstawa prawna kredyt bank liczba zatrudnionych pożyczki od 20 lat mirosław czyżykowski pożyczki kredyty bez bik września kredyt w banku alior udział kredytów w aktywach banku pożyczki gotówkowe dla firm kredyt w aib mikropożyczki kapitał ludzki kredyt bank kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator pożyczki piotrków tryb umowa pożyczki odsetki pozyczki bez zdolnosci kredytowej torun optima pożyczki konin pożyczki do 12 miesięcy ubezpieczenie pożyczki pekao sa pożyczki allegro pożyczki dla firm bez zabezpieczeń lider pozyczki santander kupił kredyt bank luty 2012 w jakim banku kredyt w uk kredyty mieszkaniowe szczecin umorzenie pożyczki w walucie obcej pożyczki ostróda kredyt bank nr kontaktowy kredyty chwilówki wodzisław śląski kredyt konsolidacyjny wysokość raty słupia pożyczki dla firm kredyt bank warszawa tarchomin alior bank kredyt forum pożyczki bez biku wałbrzych kredyt bank warszawa żeromskiego 77 kredyt bank marketing pozyczka bocian dla bezrobotnych orange jaki numer na kredyt umowa pożyczki zawarta za granicą pcc kredyt bank karta concerto kredyt w banku aib pożyczka bez zaświadczeń o dochodach przez internet kredyt bank zgierska godziny otwarcia kredyty pozabankowe w toruniu pożyczki pod zastaw akcji jsw kredyt bez bik dla nowej firmy kredyt bank kamienna kredyt pozabankowy dla bezrobotnych kredyt bank lomza dworna pożyczki banku światowego dla polski kredyt konsolidacyjny uk kredyt bez bik ostrowiec kredyt gotówkowy w banku millenium opinie wartość nominalna pożyczki kredyt gotówkowy w jakim banku najtaniej alior bank kredyt mieszkaniowy kalkulator kredyt bank z siedzibą w warszawie promocja pożyczki gotówkowej kredyt bank chełmska godziny otwarcia kredyt bank kontakt białystok kredyt mieszkaniowy bez biku koszty pożyczki kredyt mieszkaniowy w pko bp sa w ktorym banku brac kredyt marcin pytel pożyczki udzielenie pożyczki a pcc pożyczki bez meldunku i dochodu stargard kod kredytowy do orange kredyt konsolidacyjny i dodatkowa gotówka pożyczka od ręki bez zaświadczeń białystok pożyczki gotówkowe starogard gdański pożyczki bez meldunku i dochodu stargard kredyt banki 24 oprocentowanie efektywne pożyczki kredyty bez bik bialystok pożyczki online bez bik zaświadczeń pożyczki bocian tarnobrzeg umowa pożyczki spłacana w ratach kredyty bez sprawdzania bazy bik

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad