pożyczki grodzisk mazowiecki kredyt w banku od 18 lat prywatne pożyczki dla nieletnich olsztyn kredyt konsolidacyjny na spłatę kart kredytowych parabank kredyt kredyty chwilówki dzierżoniów kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator zdolności kredytowej kredyt bez biku kontakt zarobki w kredyt banku forum kredyt konsolidacyjny gdzie najkorzystniej kredyt bank katowice szafranka kredyt gotówkowy w banku pocztowym bez umowy o pracę pfp pożyczki kredyt bank ełk słowackiego pożyczka z żyrantem bank spółdzielczy biała podlaska kredyt gotówkowy kredyt bank m1 kraków kredyt bank puławska 303 godziny otwarcia kredyt bank lubin godziny otwarcia pożyczki pod zastaw tczew gdzie szukać pożyczki pozabankowej pożyczka na dowód choszczno kredyt bank w mielcu pożyczki pod zastaw biała podlaska kredyt konsolidacyjny co to jest pożyczki pod zastaw bełchatów odsetki od pożyczki faktura wewnętrzna jan nowak pożyczki pożyczki krótkoterminowe bilans pożyczki pozabankowe warszawa i okolice kredyt bank pełna nazwa szybkie pożyczki bez bik i krd kredyt bank w kłodzku ranking kredytów mieszkaniowych luty 2013 pożyczki w domu klijeta na umowę o dzieło klasyfikacja pożyczki kredyty bez bik jelenia gora kredyt konsolidacyjny w lukas banku pozyczki skarabeusz formularz pożyczki gotówkowej kredyt konsolidacyjny tłumaczenie kredyt dla nowo powstałych firm bez bik kredyt samochodowy w santander bank umowa pożyczki pieniężnej dla spółki pożyczki prywatne lublin umowa pożyczki bez potwierdzenia odbioru kwoty pożyczki dla bezrobotnych z urzędu pracy kredyt mieszkaniowy dla studenta 2013 kredyty mieszkaniowe z dopłatą rządową dla singli udzielenie pożyczki a vat kredyt bank centrum kart płatniczych wzór umowy na udzielenie pożyczki kredyty bez biku z komornikiem pko kredyt mieszkaniowy forum umowa pożyczki w transzach pozyczki w nowym saczu kredyt konsolidacyjny pod nieruchomość abil pożyczki kredyt bankowy w spadku mikserek pożyczki czy latwo otrzymac w m banku kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyty w bilansie banku kredyt bank karta concerto mikropożyczki dla absolwentów kredyt bank tfi kredyty bez bik bialystok kredyt konsolidacyjny a rozwód umowa pożyczki z zastawem rejestrowym pożyczki w citibank kredyty pozabankowe oświęcim kredyt bank demo kb24 pożyczki bez rejestrów pożyczki na dowód słupca bocian pożyczki numer tel kredyt 3x33 w santander consumer bank kredyty mieszkaniowe od nowego roku kredyt dla wspólnoty mieszkaniowej kredyt konsolidacyjny millenium bank opinie pożyczki kasa fiskalna pożyczki chwilówki stargard szczeciński pożyczki bez bik żywiec bocian pożyczki mielec pożyczki domu kredyt mieszkaniowy deutsche bank forum kredyt bank gdynia świętojańska godziny otwarcia kredyt bez biku bez zaswiadczen multibank kredyt konsolidacyjny opinie forum alior bank kredyty gotówkowe kalkulator pozyczki na dowod w domu klienta krotoszyn i okolice kredyt bank swarzędz godziny otwarcia kredyty santander consumer bank pożyczki trójmiasto kredyt bank kontakt telefoniczny kredyty bez biku gliwice szybkie i tanie pożyczki od ręki olsztyn kredyt bank zambrów telefon unilinkpożyczka toruń kredyt bank sa lublin zana pożyczki walutowe kredyt mieszkaniowy na 100 wartosci kredyty chwilówki sieradz kredyty chwilówki wadowice pożyczki chwilówki gdynia uokik pożyczki pożyczki bez bik wawa kredyt bank rodzaje kont rejestracja kredytu w urzędzie skarbowym kredyty mieszkaniowe symulacja rat szybka kasa pożyczki kredyt w banku zachodnim wbk kredyt bank królewska 55 pożyczki bez bik dlugoterminowe pożyczki do domu szczecin pożyczki bez bik z mini ratą pożyczki prywatne dla firm pozyczki poza bankowe w kluczborku gdzie po kredyt bez bik forum pożyczki mysłowice preferencyjny kredyt studencki pko forum kredyt bezzwrotny idea bank opinie kod na kredyt w sieci orange kredyt chwilówka wrocław ul strzegomska kredyt bez historii bik umowa pożyczki wzór kredyt bank sa wrocław kredyt bank jelenia góra ogińskiego godziny otwarcia kredyt konsolidacyjny zły bik pożyczki onet kredyt dla wspólnoty mieszkaniowej ing kredyt bank mińsk mazowiecki kontakt raciborz pozyczka pod weksel kredyt na pit w credit agricole kredyt bank ogińskiego jelenia góra koszty udzielenia pożyczki kody do orange kredyt kredyt bank obotrycka gorzów spłata pożyczki po niemiecku kredyt bank jaslo kredyt mieszkaniowy pracuje za granica pożyczki chwilówki gdańsk podwale kredyt konsolidacyjny skok stefczyka kalkulator kredyt bank mielżyńskiego poznań udzielam uczciwych prywatnych pozyczek provident ubezpieczenie pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki nowy tomyśl kredyty chwilówki mysłowice pożyczki chwilówka pożyczki na dowód bez zaświadczeń bez bik getin bank kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyt bez bik świebodzin pożyczki otrzymane w bilansie credyt pozyczki pozabankowe zawieszenie kredytu w credit agricole pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu śląsk kredyt bank konto oszczędnościowe concerto fundusz pracy pożyczki pożyczki prywatne umowa cywilno prawna kredyt mieszkaniowy pko kalkulator pożyczki bez bik siedlce pożyczki oddłużeniowe bez bik tani kredyt konsolidacyjny bez bik kredyt bank prudnik bocian jakie wymagania kredytowe kredyt bank jastrowie godziny otwarcia pożyczki pozabankowe dla zadłużonych olsztyn kredyty chwilówki tychy ul fabryczna 12 marża banku kredyt umowa pożyczki przepisy pożyczki prywatne podkarpacie kredyt bank raport roczny 2009 bocian pożyczki chojnice bank spółdzielczy kredyt forum kredyty w idea banku forum umowa pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu prawo kredyt w banku co potrzebne pożyczki dla windykowanych pozyczka bez bik opolskie niski kredyt w banku pożyczki chwilówki bez bik i krd online pożyczka na dowód osobisty pożyczki chwilówki zachodniopomorskie umowa pożyczki chwilówki wzór pożyczki bez bik przemyśl mennica pozyczki jelenia gora opinie kredyty chwilówki przyznawalność kalkulator pożyczki w profi credit umowa pożyczki do druku pożyczki bez bik ogłoszenia kredyt chwilówki praca opinie kredyty bez bik mikołów kredyt novum bez bik pożyczki na weksel poznań umowa pożyczki ceny transferowe kredyt bez biku koszalin pożyczki unijne na rozpoczęcie działalności kredyty konsolidacyjne polbank kredyt bank problem z logowaniem kredyt bank infolinia lublin firma 7 pożyczki praca opinie ranking banków udzielających kredyt rodzina na swoim umowa pożyczki a śmierć pożyczkodawcy kredyt bank demo kredyty bez bik na działalność gospodarczą alina waclawek kredyty prywatne kredyt bez bik bez zabezpieczeń umowa pożyczki pieniężnej gofin kredyty chwilówki nowe kredyt bank grupa kredyt bank 24 godziny otwarcia kredyt z banku a podatek pożyczki obligacyjne pożyczki gotówkowe bez zaświadczeń szybki kredyt bez zaświadczeń i bez bik kredyty konsolidacyjne z opóźnieniami kredyt konsolidacyjny chf kredyt konsolidacyjny bez małżonka bank pko sa kredyt odnawialny bocian pożyczki brodnica kredyt rolniczy w banku spółdzielczym kredyty dla studentów bzwbk kredyt konsolidacyjny z zadłużeniem pożyczki dla biznesu alior bank kredyt kalkulator kredyt dla wspólnoty mieszkaniowej 2011 kredyt konsolidacyjny karta kredytowa kredyty chwilówki praca kraków kredyt samochodowy santander oprocentowanie umowa pożyczki pieniędzy opodatkowanie profile w kredyt banku kredyt bankowy istota optima pożyczki świdnica kredyt w getin noble bank pozyczki bocian opoczno kredyt bank certyfikaty inwestycyjne wycena pożyczki w bilansie umowa pożyczki pomiędzy osobą fizyczną a firmą kredyt bez bik brodnica amortyzacja pożyczki excel wniosek o kredyt studencki pekao sa helikon pozyczki opinie pokwitowanie pożyczki wzór pożyczki społecznościowe statystyki pożyczki online 0 pożyczki chwilówki pruszcz gdański kredyt bank millenium opinie pożyczki pod weksel gdańsk kredyt w pekao sa opinie kredyt bank w żorach kredyt bank warszawa ostrobramska kredyt bank karta kredytowa mastercard world kod do orange kredyt kredyty bankowe statystyki umowa dobrej pożyczki kredyt bez bik i zaświadczeń kredyt bank poraj pozyczki prywatne olsztyn umorzenie pożyczki pracownikowi zus pożyczki bez bik dzierżoniów santander consumer bank kredyty konsolidacyjne kredyt w banku ing umowa pożyczki wspólnika wzór pro bono pożyczki przetarg kredyt bankowy kredyty bez bik w rybniku kredyt bank w busku mały kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyty chwilówki rybnik raciborska kredyt bank metro politechnika kredyt bank świdnica godziny otwarcia pożyczki pod zastaw tarnobrzeg kredyt mieszkaniowy bez małżeństwa rodzaje kredytów bankowych dla msp kredyt bank siedlce godz otwarcia kredyt bank wielicka 181 kredyt bank powstańców śląskich warszawa kredyt samochodowy udzielenie pożyczki gofin actum pożyczki kredyt bankowy istota funkcje rodzaje pożyczki konsolidacyjne dla zadłużonych konto osobiste w kredyt banku opinie pożyczki prywatne ostrołęka wzór umowy pożyczki ratalnej kredyt mieszkaniowy walutowy kalkulator kredyt bank zwolnienia 2013 asper pozyczki lodz ekasa pożyczki pożyczki i poręczenia pożyczki pod zastaw częstochowa restrukturyzacja pożyczki w skok kwota pożyczki wolna od podatku 2012 pożyczki gotówkowe dla zadłużonych kredyt bank konstancin kredyt konsolidacyjny mbank pożyczki bez bik w toruniu pozyczki placówki w pabianicach prywatne pożyczki kościan alior bank kredyt przez telefon pożyczki 2014 ing bank kredyt samochodowy kredyt bank śląskie optima pożyczki oddziały umowa pożyczki od udziałowca a pcc kredyty bez bik i krd radom kredyty bez bik i krd poznań idea bank kredyt inwestycyjny oprocentowanie kredyt mieszkaniowy w ing forum kredyty konsolidacyjne na oświadczenie kalkulator rat pożyczki pko kredyt bank warszawa kasprzaka 22 umowa pożyczki podstawowe obowiązki stron pożyczki na dowód bank kredyt mieszkaniowy w getin banku opinie kredyt na mieszkanie alior bank wzory umów pożyczki pozyczki udzielane w domu klodzko kredyt bez bik do 100 000 sprawdzone pożyczki dla zadłużonych kredyt bank łuków pożyczki na dowód bez bik online kredyt przez internet bez wychodzenia z domu 24h kredyt w banku pocztowym opinie pożyczki na dowód kalisz kredyt studencki jakie warunki pożyczki społecznościowe ranking bocian pożyczki czarnków kredyt bank sa w warszawie departament windykacji pozyczki prywatne bez bik krd bez zabezpieczenia pożyczki gotówkowe bgż kredyt konsolidacyjny pod nieruchomość unijne mikropożyczki dla firm ruszą kredyt w uk na firme kredyt bank piłsudskiego pożyczki bankowe dla emerytów kredyty chwilówki końskie kredyt bank łączy się z wbk kredyt poza bankowy bez biku rezygnacja z karty kredytowej kredyt bank wzór kredyty chwilówki bocian cesja pożyczki umowa pożyczki rejestracja w urzędzie skarbowym pożyczki inowrocław niski procent pozyczki leszno pożyczki chwilówki przez internet pożyczki prywatne na weksel cała polska kod na orange kredyt pożyczki dla zadłużonych i bezrobotnych na dowód kredyt bank założyciele kredyt bank w kwidzynie duze pozyczki pod weksel pożyczki na dowód bez zaświadczeń bez bik rybnik pożyczki prywatne pożyczki bez bik w 15 min współpraca pożyczki bez bik kredyty chwilówki kędzierzyn kredyty bankowe oferty nowe pożyczki chwilówki przez internet kredyty chwilówki świętojańska kredyt studencki pko odroczenie spłaty gdzie kredyt konsolidacyjny forum kredyt bank konto oszczędnościowe walutowe pożyczki jędrzejów bank pko kredyty konsolidacyjne kredyty chwilowki zory firma uzyskała kredyt w banku 12 pożyczki chwilówki bez bik kraków pozyczki bez bik i krd numer tel kredyt bank wojska polskiego słupsk pcc od umowy pożyczki dla spółki 2012 umowa pożyczki dla spółki wzór kredyt samochodowy getin bank opinie kredyty bez bik forum kredyt bank sa adres kredyt konsolidacyjny w deutsche banku pozyczki w uk po polsku kredyt bank konsultant kredyt bank minsk pożyczki pod nieruchomości pożyczki agricole kredyt konsolidacyjny w bnp paribas szybki kredyt bez bik kredyt bank akcjonariusze numer finan pozyczki umowa pożyczki bez potwierdzenia odbioru kwoty pożyczki pozabankowe chełm kredyt chwilówka warszawa grochowska pożyczki prywatne na już pożyczki od osób prywatnych leszno pożyczki pod zastaw inowrocław umowy pożyczki od rodziny wzór konwersja pożyczki na kapitał a różnice kursowe kredyt mieszkaniowy eurobank forum umowy pożyczki wzory warunki umorzenia pożyczki z zfśs pozyczka przez internet bez zaswiadczen o dochodach kredyty bez bik zgorzelec pożyczki dla bezrobotnych bez konta w banku wysokie pożyczki bez bik umowa pożyczki cywilnej wzór kredyty mieszkaniowe w 2014 roku kredyt konsolidacyjny bez bik piła leasing a kredyt bankowy chomikuj pożyczki chwilówki od 20 lat kredyt samochodowy dla rencisty kredyt bank lubin jana pawła prywatne pożyczki na dowód czy umowa pożyczki musi być sporządzona na piśmie kredyt bank wypowiada umowy na życie kredyty w bilansie banku pożyczki chwilówki profit szybkie pożyczki bez bik lublin umowa pożyczki mezzanine umowa pożyczki między osobami fizycznymi prawo pożyczki od zaraz szybkie pożyczki w internecie konto dewizowe w kredyt banku pożyczki interes pożyczki nowe online facebook pożyczki pożyczki bez bik lubin pożyczki od amber gold kredyty chwilówki białystok praca pomarańcza owocne pożyczki czy od pożyczki płaci się pcc firmy udzielajace kredytu bez sprawdzania bik i krd wzór umorzenia pożyczki kredyt bank łódź wólczańska 178 szybkie kredyty przey internet w niemczech kredyt bank knf pozyczki dla pracujacych w czechach umowa pożyczki zgłoszenie do us pożyczki bez biku słupsk lukas plus pożyczka pozabankowa bez bik pożyczki direct kredyt bank godziny przelewów kredyty pozabankowe bez bik warunki otrzymania pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki warszawa puławska banki udzielajace kredyty bez bik eurofin pożyczki kredyt bez bik na pit idea bank kredyt przez internet kredyt konsolidacyjny ze złą historią w bik konwersja pożyczki na kapitał rezerwowy kredyty chwilówki właściciel kredyty chwilówki radom zamortyzowany koszt pożyczki pożyczki z funduszu europejskiego pożyczki prywatne mielec kredyty bankowe historia kredyt getin bank kalkulator regulamin pożyczki gotówkowej alior bank pozyczka jaki procent kredyty bez bik zielona gora obliczenie raty kredytu mieszkaniowego rodzina na swoim pożyczki chwilówki na dowód kredyt konsolidacyjny 30 lat pożyczki typu subprime pożyczki w wojsku pożyczki aleksandrów kujawski kredyt bank lokaty wrzesien 2012 kredyt bank radom żeromskiego godziny otwarcia koszty pożyczki provident kalkulator pożyczki w pko bp poznań pożyczki pozabankowe gdzie w bydgoszczy dostane pozyczke na dowod pożyczka w raciborzu pozyczki dla bezrobotnych niebankowe szamotuly udzielone pożyczki ang kredyt bank profil aktywny pożyczki gotówkowe bez zgody współmałżonka karencja pożyczki odsetki ustawowe pożyczki głogowski pożyczki umowa pożyczki w euro jaki kurs kredyty chwilówki o firmie opodatkowanie pożyczki od osoby fizycznej kredyt bankowy ewidencja kredyt konsolidacyjny oferta banków kredyt bank kobierzynska krakow kredyt bank v oddział warszawa wzór umowy o pożyczkę w zastaw kredyt gotówkowy bez bik lublin pożyczki z windykacją pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości gdynia kredyt w idea bank na start forum preferencyjny kredyt studencki pko spłata emilion pożyczki pożyczki nieopodatkowane w jakim banku kredyt gotówkowy udzielać pożyczki kredyty chwilówki gdańsk opinie cechy pożyczki i kredytu przedmiot umowy ogłoszenia pożyczki wrocław pożyczki między firmami pcc pożyczki do 12 miesięcy kredyt konsolidacyjny pekao bp ktore banki daja kredyt zadluzonym pożyczki pod zastaw siemianowice śląskie bocian pożyczki brodnica

 Follow BillCasselman on Twitter

   

“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

                Funny Canadian Sayings / Quebec Sayings / Canadian Words

Previous Columns/ All Entries / Contact / SiteMap / Bio
Buy My Books Online / Schedule / Photos / Buy Ad Here

Bibliography of my works published in book form My Blog / Good Reviews /

More Features of this Website

 

Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad

 
 
Bill Casselman's Words of the World & Canadian Word of the Day:Their Etymologies & General Word Lore at www.billcasselman.com

 Follow BillCasselman on Twitter

   

“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

                Funny Canadian Sayings / Quebec Sayings / Canadian Words

Previous Columns/ All Entries / Contact / SiteMap / Bio
Buy My Books Online / Schedule / Photos / Buy Ad Here

Bibliography of my works published in book form My Blog / Good Reviews /

More Features of this Website

 

Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad