kredyty bez weryfikacji bik pożyczki bez bik w domu klienta warszawa kredyty pozabankowe grudziadz umowa pożyczki spłata w ratach pożyczki chwilówki bez big zasady kredytu studenckiego w pko bp otrzymanie pożyczki od udziałowca a pcc bank pekao sa kredyt na samochód pożyczki ranking 2013 pożyczki na dowód nowy sacz kredyt konsolidacyjny gdzie kredyt bank książkowa godziny otwarcia skarabeusz pożyczki ostrów wlkp kredyt konsolidacyjny santander pożyczki chwilówki bez zaświadczeń kredyt bank jumper 4 pożyczki prywatne gdynia kredyt bank w gorzowie wlkp pożyczki ratunkowe opole umorzenie pożyczki tłumaczenie kredyty bankowe szyguła jaki jest kod na kredyt z orange rata pożyczki bank pko bp kredyty gotówkowe kredyt bank w sandomierzu umowy pożyczki między osobami fizycznymi pożyczki bez bik w warszawie kredyt konsumpcyjny w getin banku pożyczki chwilówki garwolin kredyt w banku nordea opinie umowa pożyczki pod zastaw pozyczki providus pożyczki bez bik 4000 kredyt w anglii dla polaków forum pożyczki w kasynach pożyczki kruk sa kredyt w banku sygma oświadczenie o zwrocie pożyczki wzór kredyt bank w grudziądzu kredyt w pko bp kalkulator bocian pożyczki poznań maksymalny okres pożyczki uni cash pożyczki kredyt bez bik forum 2012 potrącenie z wynagrodzenia raty pożyczki pożyczki ekstra kasa pożyczki świecie pożyczki optima bydgoszcz kredyt bank białystok mickiewicza godziny otwarcia kredyt konsolidacyjny dla nowych firm kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim 2014 pożyczki prywatne tczew pożyczki mennica jelenia góra nowe pozyczki umorzenie pożyczki bankowej kredyty pozabankowe bez biku pożyczki bez bik w starachowicach rola kredytu w finansach banku umowa pożyczki zgłoszenie górna wilda pożyczki skok piast kredyt 5000 kredyt mieszkaniowy singiel na swoim pożyczki pozabankowe w domu klienta pożyczki bez zdolności kredytowej warszawa w jakim banku najkorzystniej wziąć kredyt gotówkowy kredyt bank to wbk kredyt bank gdynia witomino godziny otwarcia kredyt bank ror kredyt bank warszawa ul ostrobramska 101 kredyt pracowniczy w banku orion pożyczki kredyt bankowy definicja pożyczki prywatne sandomierz pożyczki dla pracowników biedronki ostrów pożyczka od osoby prywatnej kredyt mieszkaniowy euro oprocentowanie kredyt samochodowy bez bik ka krecik pożyczki opinie kredyty bez bik jaworzno kredyty chwilowki krakow pożyczki na dowód kłodzko kredyt bank kosciuszki lodz optima pożyczki opinie pożyczki prywatne tczew pożyczki od osób prywatnych 2013 kredyt mieszkaniowy bank spółdzielczy opinie pożyczki jedności narodowej wrocław pożyczki bocian lublin kredyt konsolidacyjny umowa na czas określony kredyt studencki pko żyrant kredyt pod weksel kredyt bank zgoda knf umowa pożyczki pieniędzy opodatkowanie kredyt na dom a umowa na czas określony okres przedawnienia pożyczki z zfśs kredyt bank wałbrzych piaskowa góra pożyczki bez bik ostrów wlkp kalkulator oprocentowania pożyczki tytuł przelewu pożyczki kredyt bank lublin windykacja adres optima pożyczki gniezno czy w paribas kredyt jest bez bik pożyczki prodomo wrocław pożyczki pod zastaw kredyty mieszkaniowe symulacja pożyczki jeremie wrocław przedawnienie odsetek od pożyczki kredyt bank łosice kredyt bank kobierzynska krakow kredyt obrotowy dla firm w banku spółdzielczym kredyt bank w olsztynku w jakim banku najlepiej wziąć kredyt konsolidacyjny pożyczki provident gdańsk kredyt w banku w niemczech bocian pożyczki wrocław odsetki od pożyczki wht pożyczka bez infomonitora pożyczki chwilówki gliwice koszt pożyczki w providencie kredyty chwilówki bitwy warszawskiej wzór umowy umorzenia pożyczki kredyt studencki pko sa 2012 kalkulator kredytu konsolidacyjnego w eurobanku pożyczki pozabankowe kołobrzeg opinie pożyczki prywatne bocian pożyczki nowa sól kredyty bankowe książki chomikuj vivus kwota pożyczki została zmniejszona kredyt bank wschowa umorzenie pożyczki w wpf pozyczki prywatne olsztyn pożyczki pod zastaw lublin pożyczka od 18 lat bez zaświadczeń kredyt wspólnota mieszkaniowa odpowiedzialność kredyt bank ostrobramska kredyt bank w pszczynie kredyt w fm banku opinie pożyczki gdynia kredyty bez bik do 50000 pożyczki pozabankowe na zakup samochodu pozyczki dla bezrobotnych bialystok umowa pożyczki pieniędzy między firmami kredyt konsolidacyjny z niskim dochodem kredyty mieszkaniowe oblicz ratę kredyt bank wykaz bankomatów kredyt w uk na benefity pożyczki pomarańcza kredyt samochodowy getin bank infolinia kredyt konsolidacyjny wcześniejsza spłata kredyt bank karier w którym banku jest najtańszy kredyt gotówkowy parabanki pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki bez bik przez internet pożyczki dla zadłużonych szczecin kredyt konsolidacyjny opinie pożyczki piotrków tryb wycena pożyczki kredyt getin bank oprocentowanie pożyczki pozabankowe śląskie kredyt bank otwarcie konta pożyczki na procent wrocław kredyt bank rzeszow godziny otwarcia kalkulator kredytu konsolidacyjnego bank bph opodatkowanie odsetek od pożyczki wspólnika kredyt na mieszkanie alior bank opinie w jakim banku można wziąć kredyt studencki kredyt konsolidacyjny w credit agricole kredyt gotówkowy w millenium bank czy kredyt konsolidacyjny jest kredytem konsumenckim druk umowa pożyczki wzór umowy pożyczki od znajomego pożyczki umowa co lubuskie umorzenie pożyczki a koszt podatkowy kredyt na oswiadczenie bez bik i krd katowice kredyt bank jana pawła gdańsk kredyt chwilówka bez biku kredyt bank rzeszów godz otwarcia księgowanie umowy pożyczki od udziałowca kredyt bank godziny otwarcia bydgoszcz kredyty chwilówki bez prowizji pożyczki mieszkaniowe pko kredyt konsolidacyjny w eurobanku bocian pożyczki zabrze,gliwice kredyt w alior bank opinie kredyty chwilówki szczecin wyzwolenia pozyczki deblin bez bik udzielę pożyczki prywatnej poznań finan pożyczki szczecin matematyka finansowa pożyczki teorie pożyczki publicznej pożyczki bez bik us i zus pożyczki golden konwersja pożyczki na kapitał 2013 kredyty pozabankowe oświęcim kredyt konsolidacyjny bez pracy udziele prywatna pozyczka śląsk kredyt bank chorwacja tani kredyt samochodowy ranking bocian pożyczki przedstawiciele kredyt studencki pko a urlop dziekański bydgoszcz pozyczki do domu na alimenty kredyt bank grudziądzka 93 pożyczki prywatne podatki kredyt konsolidacyjny w pko bp kalkulator pożyczki w kasynach forest pożyczki kredyty chwilówki chorzów rynek pożyczki gotówkowe bez zaświadczeń szczecin kredyty bez bik i krd szczecin kredyty gotówkowe bez bik gdańsk kredyty chwilówki centrala tychy pożyczki chwilówki bielsk podlaski które banki dają kredyt w euro kredyt konsolidacyjny jak go dostać pożyczki bocian lubelskie kredyt bank prepaid konto pożyczki udzielone w którym banku najłatwiej o kredyt gotówkowy kredyt bank wrocław kontakt kredyt bez biku świdnica kredyt preferencyjny banku ochrony środowiska kredyt mieszkaniowy pko bp 2013 pfron pożyczki dla niepełnosprawnych pożyczki bez zaświadczeń provident kredyt bank sa katowice kredyt studencki pko bp do kiedy eurocash pożyczki lublin kredyt bank dm takto pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt bank okulickiego szczecin getin noble bank pożyczki kredyt w banku getin oprocentowanie kredytu w banku bgż pożyczki w ramach bgk pożyczki dla zadłużonych olsztyn pożyczki optima piła pożyczki aukcje kredyt bank poznań winogrady konwersja pożyczki na kapitał odsetki pożyczki takie jak w provident kredyt bank placowki kredyt bank klienci szybka pozyczka pieniezna w dublinie kredyt bank godziny otwarcia gdańsk najtańsze kredyty mieszkaniowe forum pożyczki mińsk mazowiecki kredyt bank sa warszawa adres jak umorzyc pozyczki pozabankowe kredyt bank w uk kredyt bank wawer pożyczki chwilówki inowrocław pożyczki domowe ujawnienie pożyczki getin bank online kredyty mikropożyczki dla firm 2012 kredyt zagraniczny opinie wzór umowy pożyczki na raty umowa pożyczki pieniężnej wzór doc pozyczki bez zaswiadczen chrzanow pożyczki na rozwój firmy pożyczki pod zastaw agd potrzebuję pilnej pożyczki dzisiaj pożyczki 50 zł kredyt bank tarnobrzeg kontakt kredyt samochodowy getin bank oprocentowanie getin bank kredyt na oświadczenie pożyczki prywatne bielsko biała jak najlatwiej wziasc pozyczke pod zastaw mieszkania kredyt bank zablokowanie konta pozyczka 3000 gdansk kokos pożyczki kontakt kredyty chwilówki garwolin kredyt pozabankowy wrocław pożyczki pod zastaw łomża bank pko sa kredyt studencki kredyt bez bik 2000 zł eurocent pożyczki opinie kredyty konsolidacyjne w jakim banku kredyt bank goldenline pożyczki udzielone pracownikom w bilansie kredyt bank routing number mikropożyczki wiki gold cash pożyczki kredyty w getin bank opinie kredyt prywatny świdnica forum kredyt bank kiedy przelewy forum pożyczki pozabankowe pożyczki bez bik i bez zaświadczeń pożyczki bez bik kołobrzeg gross pożyczki opinie kredyt 4 tys na dowód prowident kredyt bank abrahama kredyt samochodowy dla emerytów kredyt bank mt940 pozorna umowa pożyczki kredyt bank kołobrzeska gdańsk godziny otwarcia pozabankowe kredyty wnioski kredyt bank świebodzin godziny otwarcia pożyczki alternatywne kredyt bank liczba pracowników dobre pożyczki pozabankowe kredyt bank szczecin matejki telefon pożyczki door financial kredyt bez bik krd kredyt bez bik na zakup mieszkania kredyt bank konto internetowe kredyty bankowe ekonomia pożyczki dla firm bez big bezzwrotne pożyczki dla nauczycieli bank pko bp kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator optima pożyczki jelenia góra pożyczki w ramach inicjatywy jeremie jaka kwota pożyczki jest wolna od podatku kredyty mieszkaniowe sierpień 2012 katalog firm pożyczki niebankowe pożyczki bez zaświadczeń o zarobkach pożyczki kredyty bez bik kraków kredyt bank kraków kapelanka kontakt kredyt bank piotrków wycofanie poręczenia pożyczki kredyt samochodowy dla żołnierzy kredyty bez biku tychy kredyty mieszkaniowe dla pracujacych w uk abis szybkie pozyczki kredyt mieszkaniowy oprocentowanie porównanie kredyty bez bik sieradz kredyt bank v oddział warszawa kredyt bank konto internetowe logowanie kredyt bez bik 35000 pożyczki chwilówki tarnów kredyt bank polska adres pożyczki jak vivus opinie pożyczki provident ostatnia deska ratunku pożyczki opinie pożyczki chwilówki 0 pożyczki gotówkowe pekao kredyt konsolidacyjny na co uważać kredyt bank częstochowa oddziały quick cash pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki olkusz tanie pożyczki na dowód kredyt bez biku na umowe zlecenie łatwe kredyty poznan kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zabezpieczeń na 10 lat pożyczki prywatne gorzów wlkp kredyt bank olsztyn godziny otwarcia kredyty mieszkaniowe wcześniejsza spłata pożyczki gotówkowe zadłużonych kredyty pozabankowe gniezno ikko projekt pożyczki dobra umowa pożyczki kredyt bank konskie kiedy kredyt bankowy ulega przedawnieniu kredyt studencki opinie kredyt bank lublin oferty pracy kredyty mieszkaniowe w banku pocztowym pożyczki bez podatku kredyt mieszkaniowy stały kredyt bank lodz godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki faktura kredyt prostoliczony lukas bank kalkulator przedawnienie pożyczki bankowej czy kredyt mieszkaniowy można odliczyć od podatku kredyt konsolidacyjny w mbanku pozyczki bez big i bik dla zadluzonych szybkie pożyczki gotówkowe dla zadłużonych pożyczki z unii kredyt bank żołnierska szybki kredyt bez bik rzeszów pożyczki online bez biku kredyt bank sa zagiel lublin kredyt gotówkowy bez bik kielce nowa pożyczka bez bik pożyczki dla zadłużonych kredyt gotówkowy w eurobanku kalkulator kredyt bank w gorzowie wlkp kredyt w eurobanku kalkulator kredyt konsolidacyjny getin bank opinie kredyt bank sa w warszawie kredyt studencki pko sa regulamin kredyt bank olesno pożyczki bez bik w ciechanowie bank pocztowy kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator kredyt bank problem z logowaniem bocian pożyczki nowogard kredyt bank piekary śląskie godziny otwarcia kredyt orange numer pożyczki z kruka kiedy umowa pożyczki jest ważna kredyty pozabankowe kalkulator najbardziej korzystne pożyczki kredyt mieszkaniowy w banku pko sa prywatne kredyty bez bik i krd odsetki od pożyczki otrzymanej pożyczki mieszkaniowe z zfśs oprocentowanie kredyt bank piekary śląskie kredyt bez bik idea bank pozyczki bez biku gorzow kredyt bank kraków kapelanka wniesienie aportem pożyczki odsetki od pożyczki koszt podatkowy umowa pożyczki między firmami kredyt 1000 pożyczki pozabankowe w gdańsku pozyczka bez wykazywania dochodów pożyczki optima opinie kredyt w uk dla polakow kredyt konsolidacyjny w lukas banku gdzie znajduje siedziba bocian pożyczki umowa pożyczki firmie bocian pożyczki koscierzyna pozyczki z komornikiem w mielcu kredyty bankowe dla msp kredyt studencki pko ostatnia transza gzie najlepiej w krakowie wziasc kredyt pozabankowy kredyt bank koscian kredyty mieszkaniowe starego portfela kredyt konsolidacyjny bydgoszcz kredyt bank centrala wrocław kredyty bankowe i ich ewidencja kredyt bank sa zagiel lublin pozyczki prywatne cywilno prawne na 30000 olesnica najtańsze pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt ratalny w getin banku pożyczki pozabankowe finan pożyczki bez biku przez internet jaki kredyt bez bik kredyt bank w leborku umowa pożyczki na cele mieszkaniowe z zfśs kredyt bank dane do przelewu preferencyjny kredyt studencki opinie bocian pozyczki kwidzyn kredyty bez bik chorzów niebezpieczne pożyczki pożyczki ekonomia społeczna bank pko kredyt studencki wniosek kredyt bank pensja kredyty bez bik zielona góra kredyt gotówkowy eurobank forum pożyczki bez bik do 5000 kredyt samochodowy ranking kalkulator pożyczki kaktus pożyczki dla zadłużonych i z komornikiem kredyty bez bik inowrocław kredyt bank fosa staromiejska toruń kredyt bank klienci kredyty bez bik i zabezpieczeń kredyt bank częstochowa bankomaty nowe pozyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny w getin bank opinie kredyt dla małej firmy bez bik kredyt konsolidacyjny do jakiego wieku lublin pozyczka na dowod bez dochodu kredyt bank tychy godziny otwarcia pożyczka chwilówka żyrafa lendon pożyczki opinie jak wziąć kredyt 5 zł w orange pożyczki bezprocentowe szybki kredyt samochodowy bez bik pożyczki dla zadłużonych bez bik i krd formularz do pożyczki pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt bank z jakich bankomatów za darmo kredyt w banku spółdzielczym dla rolników udzielę pożyczki prywatnej pod weksel kredyt konsolidacyjny a śmierć oddziały kredyt banku szczecin kredyt bank wojska polskiego olsztyn kredyt bank oprocentowanie kart kredytowych pożyczki bez konta bankowego szybki kredyt bez biku i krd grudziadz kredyt konsolidacyjny db kredyt bank wroclaw powstancow kredyt samochodowy w toyota bank opinie umowa pożyczki osoby prywatne kredyt bank polaczenie pożyczki abrewo kredyt bank sa oddział rybnik umowa pożyczki pieniędzy pod zastaw kredyt konsolidacyjny bez podpisu małżonka kredyt bez bik na rok szybki kredyt bez bik gorzów wlkp spłata pożyczki tłumaczenie prywatny kredyt bez bik z komornikiem kredyty chwilówki fabryczna 12 tychy pożyczki do 15000 bez bik kredyty bank pko bp sa oprocentowanie kredytu konsolidacyjnego alior bank pozyczka 3000 gdansk kredyt na pit kredyt bankowy w niemczech pożyczki bez biku rzeszów odsetki karne od pożyczki kredyt w eurobanku opinie kredyty bez bik sandomierz kredyt bank pekao sa 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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad