pożyczki bocian kłodzko opłata za przelew zagraniczny w kredyt banku kredyt samochodowy online mbank kredyt konsolidacyjny mbank umowa pożyczki przeniesienie własności umowa kredytu bankowego a pożyczka bankomaty kredyt banku w koszalinie kredyt konsolidacyjny alior praca za granica carecash pożyczki jak otrzymac pozyczke w prodomo pożyczki na umowe zlecenie kredyt konsolidacyjny w eurobanku forum kredyt bank w wbk pożyczki bez bik od ręki kredyt bank oddział warszawa kondratowicza kto udzieli pożyczki bez bik pożyczki prywatne wągrowiec kredyt bank oddziały warszawa ursynów kredyt w banku pko kalkulator pożyczki oprocentowanie porównanie kredyt bez bik 40000 kredyt studencki bank polski activa 500 pożyczki od ręki akropol pożyczki szybkie pozyczki mprywatne na procent warszawa pożyczki prywatne kielce umowa pożyczki pieniędzy z zabezpieczeniem kredyt bank czarnków kredyty chwilówki 2000 kredyt bank w lipnie przedstawiciel pozyczki bocian gmina slonsk umowa pożyczki a koszty uzyskania przychodu kredyt bank brian tracy kredyt bank kalisz górnośląska 50 splaty ratalne pozyczki zdunska wola pożyczki długoterminowe bez bik kredyt samochodowy banki kredyt bank filia łomianki kredyty chwilówki bez prowizji kredyt samochodowy w toyota bank opinie pożyczki pomiędzy podmiotami powiązanymi kredyt konsolidacyjny w boś pożyczki gorzów wlkp pozyczki prywatne do reki pożyczki na dowód online bez bik w jakim banku najlatwiej dostac kredyt bez bik kredyt bank bankomaty rzeszów poręczyciel pożyczki kredyt bank w pelplinie pewne pożyczki online bez biku szukam pożyczki forum pożyczki bez bik i krd katowice wzór umowy pożyczki między przedsiębiorcami pożyczki udziałowców kredyt mieszkaniowy pko rodzina na swoim forum pożyczki prywatne oprocentowanie pożyczki gotówkowej w ing pożyczki pozabankowe w częstochowie pożyczki od zaraz wrocław provident kredyt w którym banku kredyt w banku a bik kredyt bank zabezpieczenie lokat pozyczki gniezno od zaraz do reki opodatkowanie pożyczki od osoby prywatnej udziele prywatnej pozyczki krakow pożyczki konsolidacyjne szukam pożyczki prywatnej pod zastaw nieruchomości pożyczki gotówkowe dla nauczycieli pożyczki na dowód długoterminowe kredyt bank łódz piotrkowska pożyczki z budżetu państwa żyrafa pożyczki śrem kredyty mieszkaniowe białystok pożyczki chwilówki dla bezrobotnych kredyt bank godziny otwarcia gdynia kredyt na mieszkanie w alior bank kredyty chwilówki opole reymonta kredyt konsolidacyjny z komornikiem pożyczki włocławek bez bik kredyt bank fundusze inwestycyjne zamknięte pożyczki pozabankowe rybnik pożyczki w domu klienta żnin kredyty chwilówki gorlice umowa pożyczki doc prywatne pożyczki kredyt bankowy dla małych i średnich przedsiębiorstw pożyczki prywatne wielkopolska prawo podatkowe pożyczki kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim dla kogo umowa przedwstępna pożyczki wzór w jakim banku wziac kredyt studencki umowa pożyczki z poręczeniem wzór odsetki od pożyczki koszty podatkowe kredyt konsolidacyjny pko warunki alior bank kredyt samochodowy opinie alior bank kredyt przez internet kredyt bank oddział ursynów pozyczka wierzyciel kredyty mieszkaniowe z dopłatą państwa kredyty pozabankowe gniezno mg finance pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny alior bank forum bocian pożyczki żywiec kredyt w pko wartość nominalna pożyczki kredyt rodzina na swoim bank pocztowy opinie pożyczki na dowód od ręki euroefekt pożyczki alior bank kredyt kalkulator kredyty chwilówki program partner kredyt konsolidacyjny gotówkowy eurobank kredyt bank sa żagiel adres umowa pożyczki od udziałowca wzór pożyczki bez bik w domu klienta warszawa ksiegowanie przelewow w kredyt banku kredyty mieszkaniowe bank millenium kredyt bank sa chełm pożyczki żagiel opinie preferencyjny kredyt studencki opinie kalkulator kredytu mieszkaniowego rodzina na swoim kredyt bankowy w rachunku bieżącym jest umowa ubezpieczenia pożyczki robert kotowski pożyczki kredyt bank legionów wrocław kredyt w banku czeskim kredyty mieszkaniowe warszawa umowa pożyczki w rodzinie wzór kredyt bank warszawa tel pożyczki tomaszów maz kredyt bank kołobrzeska 12 umowa pożyczki odsetki podatek kredyty mieszkaniowe z dopłatą rządową kredyty bez biku ikrd kredyt bank sprzedaż szybkie pożyczki przez internet na dowód bezbik pożyczki podobne do vivus pożyczki gotówkowe bez biku kredyt mieszkaniowy na zarobki w uk pozyczka na dowod bez zaswiadczen nowy sacz pożyczki bez sprawdzania krd i bik kredyt samochodowy alior bank umowa pożyczki podporządkowanej szybka kasa pożyczki firmy oferujące pożyczki pozabankowe kredyt bank lublin narutowicza 55b szybka pozyczka do reki tczew na dowod kredyt studencki pko bp powtarzanie roku kredyt mieszkaniowy pracujac za granica kredyty na samochód bez bik udzielę pożyczki prywatnej łódź szybka pozyczka z zajeciem komorniczym 2014 godziny otwarcia kredyt banku w ostrołęce pismo z prośbą o umorzenie pożyczki z fśs kredyt konsolidacyjny dla osób z komornikiem kredyt bez bik do 150 tys kredyt bank w koszalinie kredyt konsolidacyjny a zły bik pożyczki nau kredyt w banku pko sa opinie kredyt studencki pko bp oprocentowanie pożyczki prywatne wołomin pożyczki w domu klienta białystok bocian pożyczki oddział warszawa pożyczki chwilówki przez internet bez bik pożyczki konin kredyty konin pozyczka bez bik i krd oświadczenie o zwrocie pożyczki pko kredyt na pit z zajęciem komorniczym pożyczki na rente pożyczki chwilówki pomorskie kredyt prywatny bez bik krd big z komornikiem kredyty konsolidacyjne lodz pożyczki pozabankowe na telefon gdzie dostane pozyczke bez sprawdzania w biku najniższe oprocentowanie pożyczki gotówkowej 2014 kredyty chwilówki librowszczyzna pożyczki pod zastaw w poznaniu kredyt w banku pko kalkulator kredyt bank w środzie śląskiej kredyt bank zory jak zaksięgować kredyt w rachunku bankowym ile kosztuje umowa notarialna pożyczki kredyt bank kalisz górnośląska 50 kredyt chwilówka jastrzebie kredyt samochodowy dla żołnierzy kredyt dla banku nabywcy przedawnienie pożyczki art pozyczki plock kredyt konsolidacyjny w deutsche banku najszybsze pożyczki online kredyt bank dąbrowskiego poznań pożyczki bez zaświadczeń kraków umowa pożyczki a zwolnienie z pcc kredyt bez bik zaswiadczen kredyty chwilówki olsztyn pożyczki lichwiarskie wrocław pożyczki o kwocie 8700 kredyt bez bik pod zastaw domu alior bank kredyt studencki kredyt bank oddział w toruniu pożyczki pod zastaw zbąszyń kredyt bank warszawa ul patriotów ranking kredytów mieszkaniowych styczeń 2014 konto pożyczki udzielone kredyty chwilówki dęblin kredyt konsolidacyjny pko bank polski nowe pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik i krd kredyt bank wypowiedzenie umowy księgowanie umorzenia pożyczki z wfośigw kredyty chwilówki wonga pożyczki pozabankowe dla osób bezrobotnych pozyczki w niedziele pożyczki bocian kartuzy umowa pożyczki powtórnej kredyt bank filia w piasecznie domowa pożyczka bocian pożyczki pozabankowe wołomin kredyt bank włodawa kredyt bank śledziewski podatek od pożyczki z banku kredyt bank patriotów godziny otwarcia kredyt bank ciołka kredyt bank oddział warszawa centrum kredyt pozabankowy 20 tys stanisław świder pożyczki kredyt bez bik i zaswiadczen o dochodach szybki kredyt 2014r :l kredyt bank warszawa mapa ulotki kredyty chwilówki w słupsku praca w kredyty chwilówki zarobki bank pbh kredyt kolobrzeg kredyt bank w zduńskiej woli kredyty chwilówki jasło kredyty mieszkaniowe dla pracujacych w uk kredyt bank os kazimierzowskie godziny otwarcia wydawnictwo zaciągnęło kredyt w banku na druk umowa pożyczki pieniędzy z wekslem deutsche bank kursy walut kredyt kredyt bez bik banki kredyt z banku rozwoju rady europy ustawowe odsetki od pożyczki prywatnej kredyt bank giżycko kontakt jaka kwota pożyczki jest zwolniona od podatku ing bank kredyt samochodowy kalkulator kredyt studencki pko kiedy spłata kredyt mieszkaniowy bez biku pożyczki pod zastaw jarosław kredyt bankowy ustawa kredyty chwilówki online pożyczki pozabankowe wieluń kredyt bank żeromskiego 77 kredyt w banku spółdzielczym warunki kredyt pozabankowy kredyt bank zwolnienia grupowe uzasadnienie pożyczki remontowej kredyt bank oddział lublin szybkie pożyczki przez internet dla zadłużonych kredyt bank logowanie kredyt konsolidacyjny expander kalkulator kredyt bank dąbrowskiego 27 poznań umowa ustna pożyczki pieniędzy getin bank kredyt konsolidacyjny warunki kredyt w getin noble banku opinie pożyczki bydgoszcz kujawska kredyt bank krosno praca pożyczki w planie kont pożyczki pozabankowe chwilówki przez internet alior bank kredyt samochodowy forum bocian pożyczki czat regulamin dobrej pożyczki optima pożyczki opole pożyczki w euroexpert jakie sa pozyczki w domu na oswiadczenie ing bank kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator pożyczki bez bik prywatne umowa pożyczki w pierwszej grupie podatkowej nr tel pożyczki bocian stargard szczeciński kontakt kredyt bank polkowice praca pożyczki pozabankowe legnica pożyczki chwilówki jaki procent kredyty chwilówki za darmo wzór na obliczenie oprocentowania pożyczki alior bank kredyt konsolidacja kredyt odnawialny bank pekao sa umorzenie pożyczki darowizna kredyt bank goleniów kontakt pożyczki z kruka pożyczki działdowo kredyty parkmar w kt kredyt na mieszkanie bank pko sa kredyt bank pabianice godziny otwarcia pożyczki wieluń pożyczki pod zastaw ogłoszenia jaki dobry kredyt konsolidacyjny warunki kredytu w kredyt banku kredyt bank oplata za przelew kredyt bank w ząbkach pożyczka bez bik przez internet w 15 minut forum kredyt mieszkaniowy 100 wartości 2013 darowizna zamiast pożyczki kredyt studencki w banku zachodnim kredyt bank książkowa kredyt bank departamenty kredyt konsolidacyjny porównywarka dobranie w takto pozyczka kredyt bank kupiony kredyty chwilówki wszystkie pożyczki chwilówki bez zdolności kredytowej kredyty chwilówki jak założyć pożyczki na dowód provident pożyczki prywatne lubelskie kredyt w getin noble bank bank pko bp kredyty opinie pożyczki pozabankowe kredyt bank wołomin kontakt pożyczki pod zastaw mieszkania prywatne kredyt bank małopolska kredyt bank targowa 49 dwie pożyczki w provident kredyt bank popularna godziny otwarcia kredyt w anglii forum kredyty chwilówki tychy fabryczna 5 pożyczki chwilówki sms365 kredyt raz dwa w banku pocztowym pożyczki na dowód gniezno kredyt bank wodzisław bank kredyt bez bik regulamin pożyczki pożyczki na dowód do 5000 dobranie pożyczki ing potrzebuję pożyczki bez bik umowa pożyczki dokument kredyt bankowy istota funkcje rodzaje umowa pożyczki od rodziny kredyt studencki pko bp termin nowakka pożyczki umowa pożyczki cywilnej kredyt studencki pko ostatnia transza kredyt bez bik dla każdego przedłużenie pożyczki ekspres kasa pozyczka w pko praca zagranica kredyt konsolidacyjny licznik kredyt bank sprzedaż pozyczki z dojazdem do domu slupsk bank bgż kredyty konsolidacyjne kod kredyt w orange kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator bgz kredyt studencki pekao forum kredyt gotówkowy alior bank forum kredyt bank raszyn godziny kredyty pożyczki cała polska pożyczki w skok stefczyka księgowanie pożyczki z wfośigw pożyczki bez sprawdzania w bik i krd regulamin dobrej pożyczki pożyczki dla fundacji status pożyczki kredito24 historia umowy pożyczki getin noble bank zdrowy kredyt idea bank kredyt na start ze wsparciem unijnym opinie pożyczki pozabankowe lublin jak dostac kredyt w uk pozyczka 10000 od osoby prywatnej czestochowa kredyt bank banco santander kredyt studencki warunki pożyczki online bez dochodów abis slask pozyczki kredyt inwestycyjny w idea banku kredyt bank w siedlcach godziny otwarcia kredyt bank wypowiedzenie rachunku pozyczka bez bik wabrzezno pożyczki na dowód zielona góra finan pożyczki kalisz kredyt bank kasprzaka 2 pożyczki przez internet forum pcc od pożyczki od udziałowca 2013 kredyt bank w kępnie optima pożyczki do domu szczecin pożyczki kredyty dla rolników pożyczki gotówkowe artykuł pożyczki przez internet bez biku i krd umowa pożyczki dla spółki komandytowej wzór pożyczki pozabankowe grójec zdunska wola kredyt pod zastaw samochodu kredyt bank b stok umowa pożyczki pod zastaw auta obliczanie procentu pożyczki pożyczki tise szybkie pożyczki piaseczno bocian pożyczki kielce forum kredyt studencki na mieszkanie opinie kredyt pozabankowy dla zadłużonych alior bank kredyt bez bik kredyt bank w konstantynowie łódzkim pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości katowice flisak pożyczki kontakt szybkie pożyczki bez bik kredyty chwilówki grudziądz pożyczki ltro orange kod na kredyt kredyty bez bik gdańsk pozyczki pozabankowe z dowozem do domu podkarpacie kredyt bank żeromskiego tel elementy umowy kredytowej wg prawa bankowego kredyt bez biku torun kredyt bank centrala wrocław pożyczki gotówkowe starogard gdański kredyt mieszkaniowy w banku millennium udzielenie pożyczki spółce jawnej przez wspólnika kredyt konsolidacyjny tłumaczenie umowa pożyczki pieniędzy od rodziców chwilowka tczew czy dostane pozyczke na dowod pozyczki od osob rywatnych w zorach kredyt mieszkaniowy w pekao na start kredyt studencki pko wzór umowy kredyt bank powstancow slaskich kredyt bank wrocław bielany wrocławskie pożyczki od osób prywatnych łódzkie kredyty i pożyczki proz pożyczki chwilówki online opinie umowa pożyczki druk aktywny prominent pożyczki poznań kredyt bez bik grójec kredyt kupiecki w banku kredyt bankowy online jak wziasc kredyt do 25000 kredyt konsolidacyjny w instytucjach pozabankowych oświadczenie o oddaniu pożyczki kredyty konsolidacyjne na oświadczenie kredyt bank bankomaty za darmo umowa pożyczki pomiędzy spółką wspólnikiem kredyty bez bik katowice kredyty bez bik raciborz kredyty bankowe ściąga kredyt mieszkaniowy brak spłaty kredyt bank białystok dubois godziny otwarcia szybki kredyt bez bik lublin kredyt bank żeromskiego tel kalkulator kredytu samochodowego idea bank w jakim banku najlepiej wziąć kredyt samochodowy kredyt bank kasprzaka 22 godziny otwarcia optima pożyczki radom pożyczki pod zastaw bielawa kredyt mieszkaniowy 150 tys rata szybkie pożyczki bez zaświadczeń o dochodach bocian pożyczki youtube certus pożyczki opinie kredyt bank w belchatowie kredyt bank grunwaldzka 345 gdańsk wniosek o udzielenie kredytu studenckiego pekao sa kredyty chwilówki września umowa pożyczki pcc 2013 pozyczka pod weksel czestochowa pożyczki lombardowe warszawa umowa pożyczki bez formy pisemnej kasomat pożyczki opinie pożyczka bez bik abis santander kredyt samochodowy prowizja w jakim banku wziąć kredyt studencki kredyt bank dział reklamacji pożyczki dla firm porównanie kredyt konsolidacyjny bank bgż kredyt bank z bz wbk pożyczki bez bik bogatynia kredyt bank warszawa ul żeromskiego kredyt bez bik wikipedia kredyt w polskim banku dla obcokrajowca przykładowa umowa pożyczki pożyczki na dowód bielawa prolongata pożyczki pekao sa kredyt w banku pocztowym online kredyt bankowy dla mśp kredyty pko bp kalkulator kredyt pod zastaw mieszkania wrocław kredyt chwilówki końskie kredyt bank połączenie z bz wbk pożyczki chwilówki nysa kredyt bank departament prawny pożyczki bez bik kontakt telefoniczny kredyt bez bik pod zastaw samochodu pożyczki bez bik kontakt telefoniczny kredyt bank swift adres kredyt bank w białobrzegach pożyczki prywatne bez przedpłat szybkie pożyczki chwilowki w krakowie pożyczki na dowód bez bik online udzielenie pożyczki kredyt bank zgubiona karta alior bank kredyt gotówkowy jakie dokumenty kredyt bank gocław pożyczki społecznościowe w uk kredyty studenckie w pko bp bezzwrotne pożyczki dla rolników pożyczki jeremie warszawa pożyczki pozabankowe pozyczki dla osob w biku we wroclawiu kredyt bank białystok warszawska kredyt rns banki kredyt bank adres lublin kredyty pozabankowe słupsk

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

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funny sayings

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad