kredyty bez bik cała polska kredyt bankowy to umowa pożyczki zwrot w ratach kredyt konsolidacyjny w santander kredyt bank czestochowa godziny otwarcia skarabeusz pożyczki piotrków tryb pożyczki społecznościowe łódź pożyczki gotówkowe bez biku kredyt bankowy pod zastaw mieszkania pożyczki pod zastaw warszawa 24h umorzenie pożyczki powodziowej kredyt konsolidacyjny plus gotówka kredyt bank gdynia skwer kościuszki godziny otwarcia jak wziąć kredyt w banku zagranicznym potrzebuję pilnej pożyczki pls pożyczki chwilówki białystok lipowa kredyt bank w lublinie ul narutowicza pożyczki z banku światowego kredyt bank wrzutnia czy kredyt bankowy jest zawsze oprocentowany bocian pożyczki jakie raty kredyt bez biku olsztyn kredyt bank w konstantynowie łódzkim pożyczki ratalne bez bik przedmiotem pożyczki mogą być pożyczki dla małych firm koszty pożyczki provident pożyczki dla pracowników banków pożyczki chwilówki pabianice pożyczki z ue kredyty pozabankowe bez bik krd kredyt bank forum 2011 kredyt bank pulawska oferty pożyczki prywatnej kredyt konsolidacyjny w banku wbk kredyt bank lease pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik na dowód pożyczki w białymstoku kredyt w banku pocztowym dla pracowników kredyt bank oddział lubin kredyt studencki bz wbk 2013 szybki kredyt w jakim banku najlepiej wziasx kredyt eurobank forum kredyt mieszkaniowy spłata przed terminem pożyczki z zadłużeniem komorniczym pożyczki na dowód od ręki umowa pożyczki bez formy pisemnej kredyt bank limit kredytowy kredyt konsolidacyjny z zabezpieczeniem gros pożyczki inowrocław kredyt bank garbary 71 kredyty banku pko sa pożyczki na oddłużenie kredyt bank oddział w warszawie pcc od pożyczki kosztem uzyskania przychodu pożyczki gotówkowe żary pożyczki dla pracowników a vat kredyt pozabankowy bydgoszcz kredyt bank w wołominie pożyczki do domu optima pożyczki od osób prywatnych pod weksel toruń pożyczki na umowę cywilno prawną warszawa pozyczka na weksel zgorzelec pożyczki z dostawą do domu warszawa kredyty bez bik legionowo kredyt w idea bank opinie auto kredyt bez bik i krd bocian pożyczki jarocin umowa pożyczki krótkoterminowej pożyczki pozabankowe pleszew pcc od pożyczki od firmy kredyt bankowy symulacja kredyt banki zamość kredyty bez bik ostrowiec sw kredyt bank lipowa białystok firma kronos pożyczki kontakt getin bank kalkulator zdolności kredytowej kredyt mieszkaniowy pko wymagania umowa pożyczki pieniężnej urząd skarbowy spłata pożyczki tłumaczenie pożyczki włocławek bez bik kredyt konsolidacyjny skok pożyczki abrewo długoterminowe kredyty pozabankowe pożyczki gotówkowe pozabankowe bez bik korzyści z pożyczki gotówkowej umowa pożyczki poręczyciel fakturowanie pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator credit agricole pożyczki dla organizacji kredyt konsolidacyjny nowy sacz pożyczki chwilówki bez bik i zaświadczeń warszawa kredyt bank warszawa telefon alior bank sa kredyt kredyt bez bik świebodzin prywatne pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości warszawa kredyt bez bik częstochowa kredyt bank sa we wrocławiu średnia wartość pożyczki gotówkowej profi kredyt kontakt klodzko pozyczki do domu klienta oddziały kredyt banku w katowicach kredyt bankowy jego rodzaje pożyczki w ostrołęce pożyczki chwilówki sokołów podlaski kredyt samochodowy bank zachodni mikropożyczki świętokrzyskie pożyczki gwarant kredyt bank ekstrakonto plus bankomaty wypowiedzenie umowy pożyczki przed terminem pożyczki w domu wałbrzych kredyt bank warszawa chełmska godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki dla znajomych pożyczki chwilówki online bez bik kredyt w banku brodnickim pożyczki novum kruk s a pożyczki dla osób pracujących za granicą pożyczki udzielane w domu kredyty chwilówki rzeszów plac wolności kredyt bank konto bankowe kredyt mieszkaniowy ile wkladu wlasnego wzór pokwitowania spłaty pożyczki kredyty chwilówki umowa pożyczki kredyt bank katowice altus kredyt pozabankowy na start kredyt bank bialoleka pożyczki bez bik bogatynia pozyczki słupsk 24 do 5 tyś słupsk ubezpieczenie kredytu gotówkowego w lukas bank darowizna zamiast pożyczki kredyt bank bankomaty w jakim banku wziąć kredyt bez zaświadczenia kredyt w pko bp forum pożyczki bez bik dlugoterminowe kredyt od ręki rybnik pożyczki online bez bik krd pożyczki prywatne kielce kredyt bankowy na rozpoczęcie działalności kredyt bank w krotoszynie kredyty bez bik i krd warszawa pożyczki kołobrzeg pożyczki prywatne pod weksel wrocław umowa pożyczki 2012 umowa pożyczki między małżonkami pożyczki konin kredyt bank lokata warta nowosc pozyczki do donu pożyczki w domu wrocław pożyczki optima praca pożyczka 20000 w lesznie bez bik kredyt studencki pko wzór umowy kredyt bank toruń godziny otwarcia kod kredytowy do orange toruń pożyczki pozabankowe pożyczki chwilówki łomża kredyt bank sa w lublinie umowa pożyczki pieniędzy pod zastaw samochodu kredyt dla rolników bez biku kredyt bank zoliborz pożyczki bez bik bank bocian pożyczki chojnice kredyt bank wolomin godziny otwarcia jak uzyskac kredyt bez biku kredyt bank w słupsku kredyt na dowód bez bik kielce kredyty konsolidacyjne kredyt bank kredyt bank lokaty bankowe na jaki numer wysłać kredyt w orange umowa pożyczki z udziałowcem wzór pożyczki bez bik stalowa wola kredyt bank warecka wzór umowy pożyczki od rodziny pożyczki chwilówki bez sprawdzania w bik kredyt bank zgora pożyczki chwilówki poznań ul 23 lutego potwierdzenie spłaty pożyczki wzór waloryzacja pożyczki kredyt bank sa płatności masowe pozyczki pozabankowe okolice boleslawiec pożyczki chwilówki stalowa wola pożyczki chwilówki brzeg marek woch pożyczki kredyt samochodowy bez bik pożyczki artykuł pozyczki 7 kredyt pod zastaw samochodu bez biku pożyczki gotówkowe starogard gdański kredyty chwilówki kierowca kredyt bank likwidacja bocian pożyczki koscierzyna pożyczki chwilówki zielona góra kredyt bank w brzegu kredyt bank sochaczew godziny otwarcia kredyt mieszkaniowy opłaty notarialne kredyty pozabankowe z niska rata pożyczki pod zastaw krosno pożyczki kapitałowe oblicz ratę pożyczki pekao helios pożyczki kredyt bank rybnik telefon kredyt bank nisko abis szybkie pozyczki gotowkowe numer kontaktowy kredyt dla nowej firmy bez bik pożyczka na dowód piła do 20 otwarcie kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator porównanie pożyczki pozabankowe gdynia pożyczki gotówkowe dla zadłużonych bez bik kredyt bez bik ogłoszenia kredyt obrotowy w alior banku kredyt mieszkaniowy dla prowadzących działalność pożyczki prywatne pod zastaw nieruchomości poznań odsetki od pożyczki między osobami fizycznymi pożyczki pod weksel wrocław umowa pożyczki z wekslem pozyczka dla bezrobotnego ze splata tygodniowa kredyt on line pozabankowy kredyt konsolidacyjny w bgż forum wzór umowy pożyczki z udziałowcem proste pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt w banku kredyt bank kupon 2 kredyt z przelewem na konto pożyczki społecznościowe spłacalność kredyt bank chrzanów telefon tani kredyt pozabankowy alior bank kredyt gotówkowy opinie pożyczki płock kredyty bez bik walbrzych duo pożyczki chwilówki kredyt bank rada nadzorcza pożyczki kórnik pożyczki dla firm oprocentowanie kredyt bank i santander pożyczki z komornikiem katowice kredyt bank godziny otwarcia olsztyn pożyczki ostrowiec kredyty bez bik chrzanów kredyty na sam dowód pozabankowe racibórz kredyty chwilówki włocławek kościuszki uchwała kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyt konsolidacyjny zwrot odsetek pożyczki na dowód z komornikiem kredyt eurobank opinie kredyty chwilówki otwock pożyczki kaśka regulamin pożyczki vivus bocian pożyczki rzeszów najtańszy kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator rat pożyczki poznań na dowód szybkie pożyczki firmy szybkie pożyczki bez bik kalisz kredyt bank kalkulator kredytu mieszkaniowego bocian pożyczki praca zarobki umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs a pit kredyt bank placówki warszawa bielany pożyczki prywatne pod weksel 2013 alior bank kredyt refinansowy wzór umowy dobrej pożyczki renegocjacja pożyczki pan stanisław wziął kredyt w banku kredyt konsolidacyjny zły bik prywatne pożyczki pod weksel kraków kredyt bank środa śląska godziny otwarcia pożyczki ostrów wlkp dla zadłóżonych kontakt tel kod kredytowy do orange kredyt bez bik i krd lublin pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik płock kredyt mieszkaniowy na singla prestige pozyczki czestochowa interpretacje podatkowe pożyczki pozyczki prywatne kredyt bank konin godziny otwarcia pozyczki dla polakow w anglii ewidencja księgowa umorzenia pożyczki pożyczki bez formalności umowa pożyczki prawo właściwe kredyt na samochód bez sprawdzania w biku getin noble bank kredyt samochodowy jastrzębie zdrój grudziadz parkmar pozyczki pfron pożyczki dla niepełnosprawnych alex pożyczki szybki kredyt bankowy czestochowa pozyczka na umowe cywilno prawna kredyt konsolidacyjny dla działalności gospodarczej ile można potrącić pożyczki z wynagrodzenia szybka pozyczka do reki tczew na dowod kredyt studencki banki 2013 prywatne pozyczki na procent katowice kto płaci podatek od pożyczki pieniężnej pożyczki na dowód długoterminowe kredyty chwilówki brzeszcze kredyt mieszkaniowy rodzina na swoim warunki kredyt bankowy millenium nowe pożyczki chwilówki bocian pożyczki infolinia kredyt konsolidacyjny deutsche bank opłaty manipulacyjne kredyt studencki pko bp kredyt bank lokata econstans wzór potwierdzenia zwrotu pożyczki pożyczki finan wrocław wiesława pozyczki bez konta kredyt studencki bank pekao sa pożyczki bez zaświadczeń toruń dobry kredyt bez bik kredyt w banku spółdzielczym opinie pożyczki z zakładowego funduszu socjalnego pożyczki prywatne uk szybkie pożyczki na dowód warszawa pożyczki na dowód od 18 kredyty bez bik i krd zielona góra kredyt bank żytnia kredyt dla studentów mbank bikuś pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny nordea oprocentowanie kredyt bez biku dla zadłuzonych kredyt w banku lukas prywatne pożyczki gotówkowe szczecin bezpłatne pożyczki online pro domo pożyczki opinie kredyt bank abrahama kredyt bank w środzie śląskiej pożyczki bez zaświadczeń dla bezrobotnych kredyt bank białystok mickiewicza tel kredyty pozabankowe bez bik i krd kredyty chwilówki zarabiaj z nami kredyty chwilowki lowicz pozyczki brodnica od 18lat kredyt bank b24 opodatkowanie umorzonej pożyczki eurocent pożyczki opinie kredyt bank w lubartowie kredyt bank łódź kredyt bez bik piaseczno pożyczki gotówkowe na oświadczenie druk pożyczki pkzp dobra umowa pożyczki kredyt bank gdynia skwer kościuszki godziny otwarcia pożyczki udzielane przez jst kredyt z zajęciem komorniczym prywatne pożyczki na weksel kredyt bank wbk kredyt bank w ostrołęce kredyt konsolidacyjny 2014 ranking koszt pożyczki pożyczki bez bik lubin kredyty chwilówki zaświadczenie cena pożyczki podatek od pożyczki z funduszu socjalnego odsetki od pożyczki wht ranking banków udzielających kredyt rodzina na swoim pekao sa kredyt wpis w big kredyty chwilówka jelenia góra pożyczki myślenice godziny otwarcia kredyt banku w rzeszowie kredyt bez bik pko bocian pożyczki gotówkowe kalisz kredyty pozabankowe zgorzelec umowa pożyczki pieniędzy pod zastaw pożyczki rapida meritum pozyczka na dowod i wyciag z konta kredyt gotówkowy bez bik katowice potwierdzenie udzielenia pożyczki kredyt bank w lubuskim szukam pożyczki prywatnej pod zastaw kredyty bez biku i zdolnosci kredytowej kredyty bez weryfikacji bik kredyt w idea banku forum pozyczka pozabankowa na splate chwilowek w bialymstoku kredyt refinansowy bank pko bp bocian pożyczki bytów umowa pożyczki zgłoszenie kredyt bank polonia kredyt bank w grodzisku maz kredyt mieszkaniowy bz wbk forum umowa pożyczki u notariusza pozyczki na wysoki procent od ludzi prywatnych kredyt bank konta kredyt konsolidacyjny invest bank kredyt bank mann i materna pożyczki w domu łódzkie pożyczki na uruchomienie firmy kredyt bank jasło godziny otwarcia kredyt bez bik 2013 cena rynkowa pożyczki pozyczki pozabankowe okolice boleslawca jak wziasc kredyt telefonicznie w wbk kredyt w uk dla zadluzonych kredyt bank poczta elektroniczna kod kredyt orange kredyty chwilówki tychy niepodległości kredyt bez bik 100 000 asper przyznawalnosc pozyczek pozyczki prywatne do reki walbrzych pozyczka w domu pożyczki chwilówki ostrów wlkp kredyty gotówkowe bez bik i zaświadczeń pożyczki na dowód bez zaświadczeń kłodzko pożyczki dla firm z unii podatek od pożyczki pienieżnej kredyt bank pocztowy kalkulator druk wniosek o udzielenie pożyczki z pkzp kredyt bez bik alior bank doradcy24 pożyczki kompensata pożyczki pożyczki na dowód skarabeusz ubezpieczenie umowy pożyczki kredyt rodzina na swoim a umowa na czas określony kredyt bank kudowa zdrój kredyt studencki pko bank polski pożyczki bez bik dla rolników pożyczki gotówkowe bgż oferteo pożyczki kredyt bank włocławek promienna godziny kredyt samochodowy meritum bank kredyt bank abrahama kredyt w banku gdzie najlepiej pko kredyt studencki zaświadczenie o studiowaniu kredyt bankowy rodzaje pożyczki pod zastaw agd pozyczka banknot siedlce kredyt bank s a centrala kontakt kredyty chwilówki pośrednictwo finansowe bank pocztowy kredyt online pożyczki ebi kredyty chwilówki wodzisław śląski pożyczki z obsługą w domu klienta kredyt bank warszawa kasprzaka kredyt bank łódż zgierska kredyt bank katowice szafranka pożyczki podobne do takto pożyczki pod zastaw ogłoszenia kredyt w banku barclays pożyczki bez dochodów forum pko bp kredyty mieszkaniowe kalkulator kredyt bank piotrków tryb kontakt pożyczki bocian lublin adres i nr tel wyliczanie rat pożyczki kredyt bank infolinia 24h kredyt chwilowka w przeźmierowie pożyczki bez biku śląsk pożyczki pozabankowe gorlice beata burzyńska pożyczki ubezpieczenie pożyczki obowiązkowe umowa pożyczki bez weksla pożyczki dla uczących się pożyczki online bez bik od 18 lat kredyt mieszkaniowy jaki bank piła pożyczki prywatne zawieszenie kredytu studenckiego pko bp banknot pożyczki łódź pożyczki bocian wałcz kredyt bank ruda śląska godziny otwarcia pożyczki gryfino kredyt studencki w wbk kokos pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt bank s a centrala kontakt kredyt bank godziny pracy raiffeisen bank kredyt samochodowy wzór umowy kredyt bank kondratowicza godziny otwarcia wycofanie poręczenia pożyczki pożyczki dla bezrobotnych olsztyn kredyt z komornikiem piekary sl na weksel kredyty konsolidacyjne oblicz rate kredyt bank w ostrołęce pożyczka 20000 bez weryfikacji warszawa wzór umowy pożyczki zabezpieczonej wekslem pożyczki pozabankowe warszawa gumtree kredyt bank departament centralnych operacji lublin pożyczki infinite pożyczki bez bik w bydgoszczy kredyt bank hajnówka umowa pożyczki pieniędzy przedawnienie kredyt bank karolkowa kredyt studencki bank pekao sa alior bank kredyt oblicz rate kredyt na mieszkanie bank zachodni bocian pożyczki ostróda kredyt mieszkaniowy dla mlodych malzenstw 2013 kredyty pozabankowe wałbrzych kalkulator oprocentowania pożyczki pro domo pożyczki szczecin pożyczki pod zastaw w łodzi kredyt bank tomaszów lubelski kredyt w banku aig kredyt bank w gryfinie pożyczki chwilówki bez bik poznan pożyczki w domu klienta legnica kredyt bank warszawa ul powstańców śląskich kredyt bank karta kredytowa opłata pożyczki dla zadłużonych w bik u kredyty chwilówki krs kredyty konsolidacyjne bez zaswiadczen o zarobkach kredyt bank bankomat bez prowizji czy sygma bank udziela pozyczek pożyczki bez bik dla nowych firm wzór na odsetki od pożyczki z funduszu socjalnego kredyt mieszkaniowy w pko kalkulator kredyty chwilówki gliwice kredyty mieszkaniowe rodzina na swoim pko bp jak dlugo sie czeka na kredyt mieszkaniowy

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

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funny sayings

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad