niesplacone pozyczki bocian pożyczki chwilówki online bez zaświadczeń umowa pożyczki pieniędzy od rodziców adres kredyt bank warszawa alior bank kraków pozyczki na pit cechy pożyczki wikipedia kredyt bank główny ekonomista kredyt w banku bez bik kredyt w banku od 18 lat kredyt bez bik złotów kredyty chwilówki soho kredyt 150tys bez bik skarabeusz pożyczki tarnów kredyt bank lokaty rentierskie praca w bocianie pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny pułapki pożyczki bez bik w siedlcach kredyt konsolidacyjny oblicz ratę kredyt chwilówka gdansk flisak pożyczki opinie plus kasa pożyczki kredyt bank lokata z premią pożyczki inteligo oprocentowanie kredytu mieszkaniowego w pko konto osobiste w kredyt banku kredyt konsolidacyjny alior bank forum kredyt bank warszawa oddział pożyczki pod zastaw zgierz pozbankowa pożyczka 10000 długoterminową idea bank kredyt forum ewidencja księgowa pożyczki mieszkaniowej z zfśs pożyczki na telefon opinie kredyt bank nowe środki kredyt bank ken 19 warszawa kredyty kielce gdzie kredyt bez bik warszawa odroczenie spłaty kredytu studenckiego w pko everest finanse pożyczki pożyczki bezzwrotne w policji pożyczki bocian włocławek kredyt bez biku gliwice prywatne pożyczki pod weksel katowice umowa pożyczki zwolnienia kredyt bank warszawa wilanów pożyczki 2014 pożyczki pod zastaw działki rolnej kredyty bez bik i krd walbrzych kredyt mieszkaniowy tczew kredyt bank kielce godziny otwarcia kredyt bank lokaty maj 2013 umowa pożyczki mieszkaniowej z zfśs wzór millennium pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki słupsk wojska polskiego pożyczki pod zastaw auta poznań kredyt konsolidacyjny paribas firma bocian pożyczki kredyt studencki pko termin składania wniosków 2012 skarabeusz pozyczki pożyczki z sektora pozabankowego msp kredyt bankowy z premią termomodernizacyjną kredyt bez bik chorzów dokumentowanie zwrotu pożyczki kredyty pozabankowe bez bik krd pożyczki chwilówki starogard gdański kredyt bank z jakich bankomatów ewidencja księgowa pożyczki dla pracownika kredyty pozabankowe opole pożyczki hofmana kredyt mieszkaniowy dla osob mieszkajacych za granica opodatkowanie pożyczki od osoby prywatnej kredyt samochodowy bank pko sa kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator bank zachodni kredyt bank numer telefonu kredyt w fortis bank kredyt bank w gizycku kredyt bank fundusz nieruchomości optima pożyczki opinie pozyczki bez bik gliwice gotowka do reki pożyczki online ranking kredyt bank rypin kredyt bank arka kredyty bez bik na 12 miesięcy kredyt konsolidacyjny wysokość raty pozyczki na nowa firme kredyt konsolidacyjny a rozwód szybkie pożyczki dla zadłużonych szczecin kredyt bank kobierzyńska kredyt samochodowy jaki bank wybrać kredyty bez bik krd na pit 11 kredyt bank aktywacja listy haseł kredyt mieszkaniowy najniższa rata kredyt konsolidacyjny jakie dokumenty potrzebne kredyt bez bik bytom kredyty bankowe współpraca kredyt bank janów pożyczki bez biku legnica pozyczki bez bik chelmno kredyt bank lokaty z bonusem kredyt mieszkaniowy w banku bph pozyczka na dowod bez zaswiadczen lukas bank kara za niezgłoszenie pożyczki do urzędu skarbowego najszybsze pozyczki w domu klienta pożyczki prywatne dla nowych firm umorzenie pożyczki spółce powiązanej tempo finanse pożyczki opinie przeksięgowanie pożyczki na kapitał zapasowy kredyt bank kraków ul kalwaryjska 24 kredyt bank bankomaty tarnów kredyt bank gdańsk grunwaldzka godziny otwarcia druk umowa pożyczki gotówkowej umowa pożyczki wzór doc kredyt bankowy inwestycyjny pożyczki na dowód bez zaświadczeń skarabeusz kredyt bank nowy sącz jagiellońska pko bp rzeszów kredyt studencki łatwy kredyt konsolidacyjny pożyczki z wojewódzkiego funduszu ochrony środowiska pan stanisław wziął kredyt w banku kredyty chwilówki wieliczka nieoprocentowane pożyczki dla firm pożyczki dla bezrobotnych i zadłużonych pożyczki chwilówki bez konta kredyty gotówkowe w banku millennium ekspresowe pożyczki wrocław bez big bik i krd bocian pożyczki kwidzyn pożyczki na dowód kalkulator pozyczki na oswiatczenie kalisz kredyty chwilówki legionowo pożyczki chwilówki warszawa jana pawła kredyt bez bik olkusz kredyt chwilówka oleśnica kredyt bank konto oszczędnościowe concerto kwota pożyczki a pcc zastrzeżenie karty kredyt bank kredyt w sobotę kredyty chwilówki kęty kredyt bank 24 kontakt pożyczki w 15 minut online pożyczki przez internet pożyczka 25000 kokos pozyczka dla mlodych bez bik czy kredyt bank jest czynny w soboty kredyty pozabankowe bez bik krd umowa pożyczki z zastawem wzór pożyczki dla zakładu budżetowego pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik na raty pożyczki pod zastaw samochodów poznań kredyt w idea banku umowa pożyczki postępowanie nakazowe kod orange na pozyczenie pieniedzy na konto kredyt bez bik do 10000 zł w jakim banku najtańszy kredyt konsolidacyjny alior bank kredyt pod zastaw bezzwrotne pożyczki dla mikrofirm pozyczki w pko kredyt bank konstancinska kredyt gotówkowy bez bik warszawa kredyt studencki pko decyzja kredyt konsolidacyjny teoria umowa pożyczki wzór raty niezgłoszenie pożyczki od rodziców kredyt mieszkaniowy z wkladem wlasnym kalkulator kredyty konsolidacyjne kredyt bank pożyczki na dowód chwilówki pożyczki prywatne bez bik i krd kredyt pozabankowy toruń rola kredytu w działalności banku pożyczki gdańska 69 bydgoszcz kredyt bank sa windykacja kredyty mieszkaniowe symulacje jak obliczyć oprocentowanie pożyczki w skali roku pożyczki chwilówki dąbrowa górnicza kredyt bank żagiel lublin kontakt kredyt mieszkaniowy oblicz raty podstawa opodatkowania pożyczki kredyt bank koszt przelewu zagranicznego najnowsze pożyczki bez bik kredyt bankowy korzyści kredyty bez bik włocławek kredyty chwilówki praca zarobki kredyt bez bik szczecin kredyt bez bik i krd wrocław bankomat kredyt bank sieradz kredyt bank warszawa abrahama najtańsze kredyty konsolidacyjne ranking pozyczki na oswiadczenie ichwilowki pożyczki od osób prywatnych gdańsk pożyczki na oświadczenie bez bik pożyczki chwilówki gdynia numer do ślimak pożyczki kredyt bez zdolności kredytowej pożyczki nieruchomości lombard pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości pożyczki filemon pożyczki pod zastaw diamentów pożyczki chwilówki bez erif kredyt mieszkaniowy w uk forum udzielę pożyczki pozabankowe kredyt bank opłaty profi credit czy udziela pozyczki bez u mowy o prace kredyt samochodowy ranking kalkulator bank credit agricole kredyt prostoliczony kredyt bank centrum korporacyjne kredyt bank mikołajki bocian pozyczki radom kredyty pozabankowe i rozne zrudla dochodow mazowieckie kredyt studencki pko bp sa wypowiedzenie umowy pożyczki termin pożyczki bez bik skok kredyt bank olsztyn wojska polskiego kredyt banki zamość dobrej pożyczki pożyczki dla przedsiębiorstw pożyczki optima olsztyn w którym banku kredyt na dowód pozyczka pod weksel bialystok kredyt bank radlin godziny otwarcia pożyczki pozabankowe puławy pko bp kredyt studencki oświadczenie poręczyciela pod jaki numer bierze się kredyt w orange kredyt pozabankowy na auto kredyt bank łódź kościuszki godziny otwarcia kredyty chwilówki czerwionka najtanszy kredyt w jakim banku kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator millenium szybkie kredyty online bez bik pożyczki w domu klienta szczecin kredyt bank zana lublin jakie kredyty sa bezpieczne pozabankowe pożyczki bez zaświadczeń leszno weksel pożyczki wzór kredyt bank warszawa wąwozowa adresy kredyt banku w warszawie jak zaksięgować umorzenie pożyczki z wfośigw pożyczki od rodziny podatek kredyt studencki pko informacja kredyt świąteczny w banku spółdzielczym kredyty mieszkaniowe 2008 najnowsze pożyczki chwilówki online kredyt bank kościuszki łódź pożyczki na dowód online kredyt na start w idea banku opinie pożyczki chwilówki żory pożyczki dla wolnych zawodów kredyt bank w pruszczu gdańskim kredyty bez bik z komornikiem kredyt z banku na otwarcie działalności kredyt bank wypłata gotówki kredyty bankowe porownywarka kredyt konsolidacyjny w alior bank opinie kredyt bank o ktorej sa przelewy pożyczki prywatne umowa cywilno prawna pożyczki prywatne sanok kredyt bez bik czestochowa pożyczki bydgoszcz kujawska kredyt mieszkaniowy a ślub preferencyjny kredyt studencki w pko bp pożyczki gdańska 69 bydgoszcz kredyty bez biku gdańsk kredyt bank token zmiana telefonu kredyt gotówkowy bez wizyty w banku kredyt bank gorzów wlkp kredyt w banku a przedawnienie kredyty chwilówki w jastrzębiu zdroju pożyczki prywatne gdańsk deutsche bank kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator kalkulator pożyczki gotówkowej udziele szybkiej pozyczki na procent obliczanie odsetek od pożyczki kredyt bank współpraca pożyczki pozabankowe łódż regulamin pożyczki w eurokoncie kredyt chwilówka windykator kredyt studencki w banku bgż przedawnienia pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny bankier pożyczki tygodniowe elbląg lista placowek kredyt bank czestochowa godziny otwarcia optima pożyczki jelenia góra pożyczki pod zastaw siedlce pożyczki dla budżetówki kredyt bank warszawa grójecka kredyt na samochód dla firm bez bik kredyt bank sa w koninie udzielenie pożyczki innej firmie księgowanie kredyt bank gdańsk kartuska pożyczki pod zastaw złota tarnów kredyt gotówkowy bez sprawdzania w bik kredyt bank gdynia bławatna 11 kredyt bank gdanska bydgoszcz kredyty gotówkowe bez bik bydgoszcz kredyt porównanie banków kredyt bank wiceprezes fundacja warty i kredyt banku razem możemy więcej ing bank kredyt dla noeo otwartych furm bocian pożyczki mail pcc od umowy pożyczki od rodziny pożyczki prywatne piotrków tryb kredyt bank godziny otwarcia siedlce pożyczki bez bik bydgoszcz pożyczki prywatne umowa cywilno prawna pożyczki pozabankowe we wrześni kredyty dla malych firm na start 2014 pożyczki prywatne sanok pożyczki z poręczycielem abis szybkie pozycxki jakie banki daja kredyt w euro kredyt bank łódź kościuszki godziny otwarcia kredyt pleszew bez biku pożyczki dla bezrobotnych na dowód pożyczki społecznościowe wiki pożyczki bez bik bez zdolności kredytowej kredyt bankowy w księgach kredyty bez bik 2013 kredyt mieszkaniowy w euro 2013 pożyczki bez bik 10 000 kredyt bank oferty pracy warszawa kredyt konsolidacyjny najdłuższy okres kredytowania kredyt bez bik idea bank pożyczki bydgoszcz kujawska kredyt bank tarnobrzeg telefon kredyty dla zadłużonych siedlce adresy nr tel lokata kredyt bank opinie pożyczki chwilówki od zaraz pożyczki długoterminowe dla zadłużonych kredyt bank logo eps w jakim banku najłatwiej o kredyt konsolidacyjny umowa pożyczki bez formy pisemnej umowa pożyczki pomiędzy pracodawcą a pracownikiem kredyty bez bik 30000 najtańszy kredyt samochodowy ranking monetia pożyczki kredyt bank bez prowizji kredyty pozabankowe ranking kredyt bank racibórz mickiewicza pożyczki chwilówki bydgoszcz gdańska pożyczki gotówkowe udzielane w domu udzielę pożyczki prywatnej pod weksel kredyt bank poznań adres kredyty pozabankowe elbląg kredyt gotówkowy w alior banku forum pożyczki bez bik słubice kredyt bank leszno godziny otwarcia pożyczki na dowód bez zaświadczeń kredyty typu chwilówka nowa sól przetarg na kredyt bankowy 2013 pozyczki pieniezne z dojazdem pożyczki chwilówki bielsk podlaski kredyt bank biała podlaska brzeska 21 kredyt mieszkaniowy pko oprocentowanie kredyt z dofinansowaniem unijnym idea bank opinie kredyt bank bankomaty lublin kredyt bank zmiana logo kredyt bank w busku kredyt bank lodz piotrkowska kredyt bank sieradz godz otwarcia kredyt konsolidacyjny w skok piast kredyty mieszkaniowe forum 2013 pożyczki bez bik olsztyn umowa pożyczki z oprocentowaniem bocian pożyczki lidzbark warmiński pożyczki bez bik 20000 pożyczki z bikiem i komornikiem chojnów kredyty bez bikkrd pożyczki peer to peer umowa pozyczki ze wsteczna data szybkie pożyczki do domu pożyczki bez bik amber gold kredyt bank euro kurs umowa pożyczki w spółce komandytowej pieniadz kredyt bankowy cykle koniunkturalne picasso pożyczki kredyt bank fieldorfa pożyczki na sfinansowanie kosztów szkolenia bezpieczna pozyczka znajomemu formularz umowa pożyczki fiskus kredyty chwilówki katowice warszawska pożyczki na dowód pozabankowe kredyty gotówkowe pożyczki bez bik kredyt mieszkaniowy w euro czy złotówkach kredyt bank wrocław godziny otwarcia gliniana kredyt bank wielkopolska oprocentowanie kredytu konsolidacyjnego w eurobanku duze pozyczki pod weksel pozyczki bez sprawdzania historii kredytowej ostroda bank pko sa kredyt rodzina na swoim eurocash pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny 40 000 pożyczki na podjęcie działalności gospodarczej kredyt bankowy słownik pożyczki prywatne zasady gdzie najlepiej wziąć kredyt bez biku kredyt pozabankowy 10000 kredyt dla firm bez bik kielce kredyty bez bik sieradz kredyt bank oferta pożyczki chwilówki do domu optima pożyczki dla domu najtanszy kredyt w jakim banku kredyt bank białą podlaska oferia pożyczki prywatne pozyczki na weksel kredyt gotówkowy alior bank kalkulator pożyczki jessica najniższe oprocentowanie pożyczki gotówkowej 2013 nowe pożyczki chwilówki 2014 pożyczki pozabankowe warszawa bez bik kredyt bank zmiany kredyt bank dekabrystów kredyt bank racibórz mickiewicza obsługa pożyczki w domu kod kredytowy do orange kredyt konsolidacyjny olsztyn pożyczka chwilówka konin kredyt bez bankowy kredyty pozabankowe wejherowo koszty pożyczki provident wzory umowy pożyczki pieniężnej pko bp legnica kredyt studencki kredyt bank departament finansowania handlu kredyt bez bik ełk czy poręcza się kredyt z odsetkami czy bez kredyt samochodowy raiffeisen bank udziela prywatnie pozyczek caly kraj pożyczki do domu płock zwrot nadpłaty pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki bez bik i zaświadczeń warszawa umowa pożyczki w rodzinie a podatek alior bank kredyt w rachunku bieżącym pożyczki pod zastaw międzyzdroje odsetki od pożyczki obliczenie alior bank kredyt mieszkaniowy oprocentowanie getin noble bank kredyt samochodowy kontakt kredyt bank w mławie kredyty bez big do 30000 szczecin umowa pożyczki udziałowca wzór kredyt bank w bzwbk kredyt banku sa kredyt bank zielonka godziny otwarcia promocyjne pożyczki gotówkowe szukam pożyczki warszawa lubań kredyty pod zastaw mieszkania kredyt bank mława kontakt pożyczki chwilówki online bez zaświadczeń kredyty bez bik i krd kalisz umowa pożyczki spłacana w ratach kredyt bank morawskiego godziny otwarcia kredyt bankowy dla firm czy dostane kredyt w getin banku nie zgłosiłem pożyczki od rodziny pożyczki typu provident warszawa bocian pożyczki bolesławiec kredyt mieszkaniowy dla osób niepełnosprawnych kredyt bank nr swift pożyczki prywatne pod weksel 2013 kredyt bank popularna godziny otwarcia najnowsze pożyczki chwilowki odsetki od pożyczki bilansowo pożyczki bez bik nowy sącz ewidencja księgowa otrzymanej pożyczki kredyty bez bik czechowice dziedzice kredyt refinansowy w alior banku kredyt bank w łomiankach umowa pożyczki cywilno prawnej kredyt bank bz wbk połączenie kredyt bank sprzedaż skarabeusz pożyczki rawicz pozyczki dla zadłuzonych stargard adres telefon heropolitańska kredyty i gwarancje bankowe pdf kredyt w banku pocztowym dla policjantów gdzie najlepiej wziasc kredyt na oswiadczenie 2014 pożyczki dla taksówkarzy kredyt bank piekary śląskie godziny otwarcia kredyt bank zachodniopomorskie kredyt bank jakie bankomaty bez prowizji kredyt studencki pko druki szybkie pożyczki przez internet w 15 minut kredyt bank lokaty dewizowe kredyt w banku spółdzielczym kalkulator pożyczki dfg kredyt konsolidacyjny bydgoszcz godziny przelewów w kredyt banku pożyczki pozabankowe żagań kredyt bank przemyśl godziny otwarcia dobry kredyt bez bik opinie pożyczki dla firm suwałki kredyt bank słupsk kontakt kredyt bank książkowa pożyczki pozabankowe cała polska pożyczki od prywatnych pożyczki polska wschodnia umowa pożyczki w euro jaki kurs szybki kredyt pozabankowy przez internet szybkie pożyczki chwilówki bez zaświadczeń bocian pożyczki toruń kontakt prometeusz pozyczka gotówkowa na dowód preferencyjny kredyt studencki pko regulamin santander consument bank kredyty pożyczki jak księgować kredyt w vdwoch transzach odluzeniowy

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

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funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

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Bill Casselman's Words of the World & Canadian Word of the Day:Their Etymologies & General Word Lore at www.billcasselman.com

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad