kredyty pozabankowe bez biku pożyczki bez bik na dowód kraków premie w kredyt banku kredyty chwilówki ulotki pożyczki pszczółka kredyt bank wołomin telefon kredyty chwilówki zamość partyzantów kredyty pozabankowe długoterminowe kredyt mieszkaniowy od państwa expres pozyczki infolinia kredyt bank plac solny godziny otwarcia kredyty chwilówki rawicz kredyty chwilówka rybnik umowa pożyczki w urzędzie skarbowym pożyczki morgis pożyczki optima bydgoszcz pożyczki wewnątrzkorporacyjne szybkie pożyczki online pierwsza za darmo pożyczki w wojsku pożyczki bez bik i krd online pożyczki chwilówki za darmo pozyczki bez umowy o prace najleprzy kredyt konsolidacyjny kredyty konsolidacyjne zielona góra kredyty bez bik dla zadłuzonych kredyt bank wyplata z bankomatu za granica kredyt studencki na jakich warunkach prywatna pożyczka komornik warszawa pożyczki bez bik z komornikiem konwersja pożyczki na kapitał rezerwowy a pcc kredyt konsolidacyjny w gminach skarbiec pożyczki infolinia kredyty chwilówki warszawa lew pożyczki kredyt mieszkaniowy warunki uzyskania kredyt bank aukcje poleasingowe kredyt bank kępno godziny otwarcia pożyczki w pko bank polski kredyty mieszkaniowe w wielkiej brytanii pożyczki pod zastaw zawiercie kredyty chwilówki tychy opinie pożyczki unijne na otwarcie działalności pożyczki gotówkowe wiki pożyczki pro domo kredyt gotówkowy w meritum banku kredyt studencki w pko bank polski kredyty chwilówki łódź rzgowska kredyt bank chełm ul lwowska pozyczka podobna do okam uk kredyt konsolidacyjny łódź kredyty dla rolników bez biku alior bank kredyt na pit z zajęciem kredytowym umowa spłaty pożyczki wzór umowy pożyczki kwoty pieniężnej umowa pożyczki od wspólnika pcc kredyt bez biku zachodniopomorskie umowa pożyczki chwilówka kredyt konsolidacyjny czy warto forum reklama pożyczki pożyczki bez bik do 2000 zł alior bank kredyt na pit z zajęciem kredytowym kredyt mieszkaniowy a praca za granica kredyt gotówkowy dla firm bez bik kredyt w banku brodnickim istota kredytu bankowego pożyczka od osoby fizycznej turek kredyt bankowy a rozwód kredyt dla firm na oświadczenie bez bik pożyczki online kredyt bank oddział marki godziny otwarcia pożyczki z komornikiem warszawa pożyczki bez bik od 19 lat kredyt bez bik kościan pożyczka od rodziny a decyzja kredytowa księgowanie umorzenia pożyczki w jst umowa pożyczki pożyczki prywatne tarnów pko ubezpieczenie pożyczki bocian pożyczki malbork kredyt bank piotrków kredyty bez bik na dlugi okres splat inowroclaw lukas bank kredyt dla zadluzonych w biku kredyt samochodowy bez bik i zaświadczeń kredyt przez telefon bez peselu umowa pożyczki osoby fizyczne podatek kredyt bez bik legionowo kredyty bez biku bankomaty kredyt banku kraków prywatne pożyczki pod weksel bez bik abis pozyczki chwilowki kontakt telefonizny kredyt bank oferta pracy gdzie znajduje siedziba bocian pożyczki bank brodnicki kredyt forum pożyczki bez biku zabrze kredyt bank lokaty 2012 kredyty chwilówki wrocław powstańców śląskich kredyt w banku pekao sa opinie kredyt bank białobrzegi kontakt kredyt mieszkaniowy eurobank nowe pożyczki internet kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator pko kredyt studencki pko kiedy kredyt bank gdańsk godziny otwarcia sobota pożyczki lukas elbląg pożyczki unijne dla mikroprzedsiębiorstw ewidencja księgowa pożyczki od udziałowca wysoki kredyt bez bik kredyt bank modrzewiowa bydgoszcz godziny otwarcia kredyt bank w gdańsku gdzie pożyczki dla zadłużonych z komornikiem opodatkowanie pożyczki od udziałowca pożyczki dla wspólnot mieszkaniowych pożyczki bez bik i krd sosnowiec umowa pożyczki rejestracja w urzędzie skarbowym kredyt bank groupon kredyty mieszkaniowe alior bank kredyt eurobank kredyt w bank bph opinie pożyczki bez zdolności kredytowej i bik kredyt bank poznań dąbrowskiego kredyt bank koniec bocian pożyczki podkarpacie pożyczki marka bydgoszcz kredyt studencki w banku bph kredyt bez bik krd umowa pożyczki w formie ustnej gdzie kredyt bez bik forum kredyt bez bik dla zadłużonych pożyczki bez bik i krd pozabankowe getin noble bank kredyty firmowe kredyt samochodowy dla firm getin bank kredyt bank żoliborz optima pożyczki oddziały pożyczki dla bezrobotnych olsztyn kredyt chwilowka w markach kredyty chwilówki internetowe kredyty bez bik gdynia jak wziasc kredyt bez bik bank pocztowy kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator oprocentowanie kredytu konsolidacyjnego pko bp pożyczki bezzwrotne kredyt bank infolinia czynna kredyty mieszkaniowe 2008 kredyt mieszkaniowy dla rozwodnika kredyt bank jana pawła gdańsk godziny otwarcia pożyczki od 18 lat przez internet kredyty bez bik skierniewice kredyty pozabankowe bez bik z komornikiem umowa pożyczki kodeks pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości gdańsk pożyczki dla firm katowice pożyczki bez bik będzin pożyczki na dowód tuchola kredyt bank dąbrowskiego 27 poznań pozyczka na dzialalnosc bez zaswiadczen santander consumer bank kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator kredyt w banku bnp paribas opinie pro domo pozyczki kolobrzeg umorzenie pożyczki jak zaksięgować prodomo pozyczki pożyczki na procent warszawa opinie na temat dobrej pożyczki skarbiec idea bank kredyt inwestycyjny oprocentowanie pożyczki wekslowe umowa pożyczki maksymalne odsetki pożyczki pozabankowe na 2 lata jak zaksięgować umorzenie pożyczki mieszkaniowej kredyt bank wolontariat pracowniczy umowa pożyczki druk aktywny udzielam pożyczki prywatnej kredyt w eurobanku na dowód kredyt w uk barclays jaki jest kod na kredyt do orange pożyczki na dowód bocian kredyt bank lokaty maj 2012 pożyczki biznesowe pożyczki chwilówki kielce kredyt studencki w banku pko kredyty chwilówki wrocław powstańców śląskich pożyczki chwilówki bolesławiec kredyt bank wypłaty za granicą kredyty chwilówki windykator kredyt konsolidacyjny w pko pożyczki pod nieruchomość kredyt konsolidacyjny w santander banku umowa pożyczki pieniędzy dla spółki wzór pożyczki na działalnosc kredyt bank gdańsk targ drzewny pożyczki bez weryfikacji kredyt bank gdynia karwiny getin noble bank kredyt konsolidacyjny pożyczki bez bik wawa pożyczki pozabankowe w gorzowie wlkp pożyczka pozabankowa idea bank kredyt na start ze wsparciem unijnym opinie takto pozyczka bez zaświadczeń deutsche bank kredyt na dowod online pożyczki gotówkowe dla bezrobotnych pożyczki bez bik 0 kredyt konsolidacyjny ze zla historia kredytowa kredyt samochodowy getin bank kalkulator kredyt bank w wieluniu kredyt bez bik sanok kredyty chwilówki warszawa grójecka kredyt studencki 2013 banki kredyt dla zor w banku pocztowym kredyt pozabankowy na kupno domu pożyczki pozabankowe katowice pożyczki gotówkowe śląsk szukam pożyczki katowice pożyczki pod zastaw oświęcim kredyty konsolidacyjne ranking 2012 kredyty mieszkaniowe getin bank pożyczki chwilówki pomysł na biznes pożyczki konsolidacyjne bez zdolności kredytowej skarabeusz pożyczki ruda śląska kredyt studencki w banku credit agricole pozyczki raz dwa trzy bez bik i krd pożyczki z funduszu rozwoju przedsiębiorczości kredyty mieszkaniowe dla emerytów wzór na obliczenie raty pożyczki kredyt bank lokata ubezpieczeniowa kredyty chwilówki na dowód wrocław jaki jest kod na kredyt z orange prywatne pożyczki pod weksel lublin bankomaty kredyt bank konin pożyczki morgis pożyczki rynku pieniężnego pożyczki oświecim kredyty chwilówki oława pożyczki chwilówki stargard szczeciński wzór umowy pożyczki po angielsku kredyt bank gdansk targ drzewny pożyczki na dowód lublin dokumentacja podatkowa pożyczki kredyty bez bik w koninie kredyt konsolidacyjny w chwilówkach opinie kredyt konsolidacyjny w pko opinie kredyt bank warszawa gocław kredyt bank kursy walut chf kredyty konsolidacyjne piła kredyty mieszkaniowe marzec 2013 kredyt bankowy a zamówienia publiczne pozyczki dla kazdego 48 kredyt bankowy bez krd pożyczki kaska kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator getin bank parabanki udzielające pozyczek bez sprawdzania biku pożyczki wieluń pożyczki oddłużeniowe wrocław poznań pożyczki prywatne kredyt studencki w którym banku kredyt bez bik białystok kredyt pod zastaw w banku pożyczki pod zastaw gruntów pożyczki dla każdego na dowód kredyt bank bezpłatne bankomaty pożyczki w prawie rzymskim kredyt bank bez prowizji bankomaty pożyczki gotówkowe od 18 lat kredyt konsolidacyjny w banku zachodnim internetowe pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt bez biku chrzanow kredyt bank rzeszów kontakt kredyt bez biku siedlce bocian pożyczki świdnica pożyczki mieszkaniowe agh pożyczki prywatne w toruniu kredyt bank romera kredyt bank wbk kalkulator kredyt przez internet bez biku i krd oprocentowanie kredytów w banku pko bp wierzyciel pozyczki bez bik pożyczki prywatne chorzów kredyt pozabankowy szybki klasyfikacja pożyczki najnowsze pożyczki bez bik kredyt bank modrzewiowa bydgoszcz godziny otwarcia optima pożyczki poznań pożyczki prywatne podatek pożyczki bez bik do 10 000 kredyty pozabankowe bez wychodzenia z domu ostrow wlkp kiedy przedawnia się niespłacony kredyt bankowy kredyt bank rybnik godziny otwarcia kredyty mieszkaniowe blog pożyczki bez bik zabrze kredyt w banku oprocentowanie kredyt w banku bez biku bank pekao sa kalkulator kredytu pożyczki wieruszów umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs księgowanie kredyt bank w slupsku abis pożyczki dla każdego opinie kredyt preferencyjny banki pewne pożyczki online bez biku założenie konta w kredyt banku pozyczka prywatna chrzanow kredyty bez bik sochaczew pożyczki głogówek pożyczki jastrzębie zdrój kredyt bank ul abrahama kredyt bank gdańsk kontakt kredyt konsolidacyjny ze złym bik pożyczki udzielane przez gminy kalkulator pożyczki gofin kredyt w banku dla studenta kredyt bank dworna łomża pożyczki chwilówki pierwsza za darmo bartek pozyczki kredyt bank oddział warszawa kondratowicza kredyty bez bik żywiec chwilowki bez zdolnosci kredytoeej na dowod pozyczka tygodniowka elbląg kredyt konsolidacyjny pekao kredyt technologiczny banki współpracujące kredyty pozabankowe pod zastaw nieruchomosci pożyczka na dowód w credit agricole co sprawdzają kredyt bankowy symulacja kredyt bank zniżki kredyt bank w wyszkowie kredyt bez bik zabrze do 30 tys kredyt w banku zagiel kredyty chwilówki na dowód czestochowa pozyczka pod zastaw auta kredyt bank sieradz bankomaty kredyt dla studenta bzwbk kredyt w banku bez umowy o prace pożyczki pozabankowe prywatne pod weksel pożyczki głogowska umowa pożyczki pieniędzy doc kredyty chwilówki praca kalisz kredyt dla nowo powstałych firm bez bik umowa pożyczki z siostrą kredyt w uk przez internet kredyty preferencyjne banki pożyczki chwilówki łomża kredyt bank efs pożyczki w języku polskim elk pozyczki bez bik w domu kredyt gotówkowy bank pekao sa kredyt studencki w banku pekao przywłaszczenie pożyczki kredyt konsolidacyjny niskie oprocentowanie kredyty bez bik i krd radom kredyt bank sa lodz kredyt konsolidacyjny w ing kredyt konsolidacyjny dla firm zadłużonych zarobki kredyt bank 2012 szybki kredyt 10000 mińsk mazowiecki kredyt chwilówka pko pozorna umowa pożyczki pożyczki bez bik przez internet w 15 minut kalkulator kredytu konsolidacyjnego w eurobanku kredyt w getin bank kredyty mieszkaniowe forum 2014 kredyt bank oswiecim godziny otwarcia pożyczki bez bik mińsk mazowiecki kredyt bank biała podlaska rywal atrakcyjny kredyt konsolidacyjny oprocentowanie w getin banku kredyt firma pro domo łomż pożyczki pożyczka dla pracownika wzór umowy pożyczki społecznościowe działalność gospodarcza pożyczki wrocław bez bik kredyt bank sa legnica pożyczki chwilówki łask odsetki od pożyczki otrzymanej od udziałowca fundusze inwestycyjne pożyczki kredyt chwilówka oleśnica kredyt bez biku bank kredyt konsolidacyjny dla nowych firm kredyt w uk na dom pożyczki w domu klienta pabianice umowa pożyczki pieniężnej wzór pozyczki publiczne zalety kredyt bank tarnobrzeg kredyt bank brodnica pożyczki piaseczno kredyty chwilowki lask kredyt bank bankomaty bez prowizji lublin w jakim banku brać kredyt mieszkaniowy umowa pożyczki pieniędzy od rodziny wzór kredyt bank konto oszczędnościowe opinie kredyt bank raszyn godziny otwarcia pożyczki bez bik nowa sól kredyt bank śródmieście eurobank kredyt potwierdzenie przelewu jako dowód pożyczki termin przedawnienia pożyczki z zfśs kredyty chwilówki włocławek kościuszki pożyczki gotówkowe wrocław pozyczki bydgoszcz 24 kredyt obrotowy w getin banku kod na kredyt do orange kredyt bank chałubińskiego kredyt bez bik raty miesięczne kredyty banków spółdzielczych sgb idea bank kredyt samochodowy oprocentowanie kredyt w banku polskim pozyczka jak provident bez big pożyczki chwilówki lublin kredyt konsolidacyjny open finance pożyczki kłodzko kredyt studencki wbk pożyczka w domu poznań pożyczki prywatne ruda śląska kredyt samochodowy online do kwoty 20000 pln mbank abis pożyczki kontakt opodatkowanie umorzonej pożyczki z zfśs kredyt bank opłata za prowadzenie konta kredyt samochodowy fortis bank opinie pożyczki wfośigw kredyt konsolidacyjny w niemczech kredyt chwilówka międzyrzecz konsolidacja kredytu mbank pożyczki pod zastaw polisy potrzebuje pinie pożyczki u prywatnej osoby krakow udzielę pożyczki prywatnej gdańsk kredyty bez bik krd big pozyczki bez umowy o prace na dowod pożyczki oddłużeniowe łódź kredyty pozabankowe dlugoterminowe kredyt konsolidacyjny w mbanku kredyty chwilowki deblin kredyt bank żeromskiego 77 godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki zawarta za granicą pcc kredyt bank olsztyn kontakt pożyczki z budżetu jst pożyczki prywatne radom kredyt w pszczolce inowroclaw kredyt bank ostrołęka godziny otwarcia umowa pożyczki skutki podatkowe kredyt bank karta kredytowa student pożyczki bez bik słubice lubuskie pożyczki od amber gold kredyt mieszkaniowy polbank kalkulator kredyty chwilówki umowa pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki żywiec kredyt w idea bank na start forum pożyczki pod zastaw złota lublin bocian pożyczki świnoujście jak zaksięgować umowę pożyczki między spółkami pożyczki 5000 bez bik bocian pożyczki chełm pożyczki pod zastaw łapy kredyt bank książkowa kontakt pożyczki prywatne bytom pożyczki na dowód bez zdolności kredytowej oprocentowanie pożyczki między osobami fizycznymi kredyt bank piłsudskiego siedlce pożyczki chwilówki przez internet najnowsze pożyczki chwilówki wzór na odsetki od pożyczki z funduszu socjalnego kredyt w banku credit agricole bikuś pożyczki kredyt bank payback kredyt bank leszno kontakt kredyt bank csv umowa pożyczki z obcokrajowcem kredyt bez bik wniosek wałbrzych pożyczki prywatne kredyt bez bik alior bank umowa pożyczki prywatnie kredyty bez biku z komornikiem kredyt gotówkowy w jakim banku certus pożyczki opinie pożyczki od zaraz wrocław provident pożyczki z zadłużeniem komorniczym pożyczki gdańska 69 bydgoszcz kredyt bank adres do przelewu pożyczki społecznościowe pit kredyt samochodowy bez bik i krd skarabeusz pożyczki opinia który bank udziela kredytu bez bik umowa cywilna pożyczki gotówkowej kredyt bank lublin opinie kredyt bank iii oddział w warszawie udzielone pożyczki krótkoterminowe w bilansie praca optima pozyczki lodz forum kredyt z orange kod pożyczki chwilówki piotrków trybunalski pożyczki ruda śląska kredyt mieszkaniowy dla singli w 2013 kredyt w fortis banku opinie szybki 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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad