umowa pożyczki aneks wzór kredyt bank oddziały warszawa wola pożyczka w kredyt banku opinie kredyty mieszkaniowe wymogi cesja pożyczki a pcc kredyt mieszkaniowy dla singli 2014 pozyczka bez bik boleslawiec kredyt w banku spółdzielczym w łańcucie pożyczki gotówkowe artykuł kredyt bez bik 70000 pożyczki nidzica kredyt bank praktyki opinie kredyt chwilówki legnica kredyty chwilówki racibórz hofman pożyczki umowa pożyczki w spółce akcyjnej kredyt bank placówki warszawa śródmieście umowa na czas określony gdzie kredyt pożyczki pozabankowe pierwsza za darmo wziecie pozyczki od mafi wniosek o umorzenie pożyczki z zfśs wzór pożyczki osobiste kredyt rns banki kredyt bank warszawa centrum godziny otwarcia kredyt obrotowy w idea bank opinie potrzebuje pożyczki bez bik kredyt bank gdansk zaspa umowa pożyczki spłata dobra pozyczka warszawa dla zadluzonych kredyty konsolidacyjne bez bik wrocław kredyty getin bank kalkulator kredyt bank jelenia góra ogińskiego godziny otwarcia pożyczki preferencyjne kredyt bank sa relacje inwestorskie częstochowa pożyczki bez bik pożyczki chwilówki chorzów pożyczki pod weksel bez przedpłat poznań pożyczki chwilówki wągrowiec kod kredytu w orange pożyczki chwilówki szczecin krzywoustego pożyczki gotówkowe dla zadłużonych pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik krd big pożyczki gorzów pożyczki od osób prywatnych podatek kredyt bank praktyki opinie garr pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki dla firm wonga pożyczki kredyt bank żagiel bydgoszcz umowa pożyczki wzór bezpłatny pożyczki pozabankowe do 50000 bankomat kredyt banku wrocław kredyty chwilówki inwestycje opinie kredyt bank piła sikorskiego godziny otwarcia kredyt w uk dla zadluzonych umowa pożyczki zawarta przez internet pożyczki na dowód tylko pożyczki na telefon 24 umowa pożyczki od udziałowca pcc cesja umowy pożyczki wzór objawy pożyczki pozyczki prywatne na procent olesnica godziny przelewów w kredyt banku pożyczki z małym oprocentowaniem pożyczki namysłów kredyt bank warszawa jana pawła kredyt bank dział marketingu pożyczki chwilówki bez pracy kredyt w barclays przez internet kredyt w banku bzwbk pozyczki bez krs i bik na oswiadczenie forum kredyt dla wspólnoty mieszkaniowej pko bp kredyt bank banco santander kredyt bez bik gdynia pożyczki do 5000 zł bez bik kalkulator pozyczek euro providus wzór umowy pożyczki osoba prywatna gdzie daja kredyt bez bik pożyczki ratunkowe kredyt studencki czy warto forum kredyt bank czynny warszawa kredyt bank dworna łomża termin przedawnienia roszczenia o zwrot pożyczki pożyczki w domu klienta legnica bocian pożyczki opinie forum kredyt bank konto firmowe kredyty pozabankowe szczecin kredyt samochodowy getin kalkulator pożyczki pozabankowe 2000 kredyt bez bik w olsztynie kredyt bank glowna siedziba pożyczki bez bik kępno preferencyjny kredyt studencki pko spłata kredyt gotówkowy w santander bank kredyt bank multima kredyt bank aktywacja listy haseł kredyt bank wykaz bankomatów bez prowizji kredyt w banku bez pracy umowa pożyczki i użyczenia kredyt w eurobanku na pit kredyt bank charakterystyka kredyty mieszkaniowe 2010 santander consumer bank kredyt bez bik kredyt od ręki bez bik i zaświadczeń kredyt konsolidacyjny w niemczech kredyt studencki pko bp umowa pożyczki dla bezrobotnych włocławek pożyczki prywatne w warszawie kredyt bank pultusk pożyczki pozabankowe kredyty chwilówki ostrów mazowiecka pożyczki dla zadłużonych z komornikiem online bip pożyczki formularz kredyty bez bik sochaczew kredyt w banku bez krd księgowanie odsetek od udzielonej pożyczki kredyt w banku internetowym kredyt bank bz wbk połączenie bocian pożyczki reklama w tv pożyczki chwilówki co to jest kredyt bank kolobrzeska gdansk kredyt bez bik mielec kredyt konsolidacyjny w banku bgz kredyt mieszkaniowy 150 tys rata pożyczki 15 min asper pożyczki forum kredyt bank łódź aleksandrowska godziny otwarcia kredyt bank czestochowa dekabrystów bocian pożyczki szczecin kredyt bank w jarosławiu kredyty bez bik gorzów wielkopolski szybkie pożyczki w domu klienta z ok wrocławia kredyt bez bik bialystok pożyczki domówki grudziądz pożyczki bez bik mielec umowa pożyczki jest wysokość oprocentowania pożyczki od udziałowca ambulans pożyczki pozyczki bocian dla osob w bik pożyczki bez zaświadczeń o dochodach na dowód nfoś pożyczki alior bank kredyt konsolidacyjny pit umowa pożyczki pomiędzy rodzeństwem nowe miasto lubawskie pożyczka na dowód kredyty chwilówki konsolidacja kredyt bank leżajsk targowa pożyczka prywatna bez sprawdzania baz kraków kredyt samochodowy bez bik i zaświadczeń slupsk czy latwo dostac auto na kredyt z komisu kredyt w banku na spłatę komornika pożyczki online bez bik i zaświadczeń kredyt konsolidacyjny a umowa zlecenie bocian pożyczki karta kredyt bank zmiany pożyczki prywatnych wniosek o udzielenie pożyczki z zakładu pracy kredyt bank bytom pożyczki bez bik brodnica pożyczki na dowód radom pożyczki chwilówki bez bik i krd online pożyczki bez bik dla prowadzących działalność gdzie najłatwiej dostać kredyt bez bik ewidencja pożyczki od udziałowca orange kod na kredyt odsetki pożyczki umowa pożyczki pieniędzy doc pożyczki warszawa bez bik pozyczki na dowod ketrzyn przedawnienie pożyczki provident kredyt bez zaświadczeń o zarobkach plock kredyt bank pytania pożyczki olsztyn księgowanie odsetek od pożyczki udziałowca pozyczka bez zdolnosci kredytowej wzór umowy pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu pożyczki wekslowe pożyczki bank bgż banki kredyty na mieszkanie pożyczki w domu łódź pożyczki żyrafa śrem kredyt z komornikiem piekary sl pożyczki społecznościowe w uk kredyty chwilówki zamość kredyty pozabankowe gdynia kredyt w koncie bank pocztowy skarbiec pożyczki opinie kredyt bank fundusze inwestycyjne zamknięte pożyczki jeremie koszalin pozyczki w domu klienta pożyczki bez pracy tanie kredyt bank koszalin pomoc publiczna pożyczki pożyczki pod zastaw nieruchomości kraków skarabeusz pożyczki głogów kredyt bankowy a pozyczka www banki daja pozyczke na dowód szybkie pożyczki na dowód wrocław pożyczki bez bik ostrowiec św kredyt bank a santander takto pożyczki kontakt pożyczki dla nowych firm pożyczki chwilówki bez biku limit pożyczki pozyczki bez biku online bocian kredyty mieszkaniowe dopłaty państwa pożyczki prywatne pod weksel śląsk pożyczki dla policjantów opodatkowanie odsetek od pożyczki wspólnika kredyt bank lukow godziny otwarcia ewidencja pożyczki z zfśs pożyczki pod zastaw domu kredyt bank w żyrardowie umowa pożyczki opracowanie pożyczka na dowód chwilówka w częstochowie zmiana warunków pożyczki kredyt samochodowy bez bik forum pozyczka do domu bez bik pożyczki gotówkowe do domu kredyty chwilówki białystok udzielanie pożyczki przez gminę obliczenie raty kredytu mieszkaniowego rodzina na swoim umowa pożyczki odnawialnej wzór umorzenie pożyczki a koszt podatkowy kredyt bank chorzów godziny otwarcia ubezpieczenie do pożyczki gotówkowej kredyt bank kupon 1 deutsche bank kredyt na dowod online bocian pożyczki lubuskie kredyt bezzwrotny idea bank opinie bocian chwilowka kredytową nr tel międzyrzecz bankowe kredyty konsolidacyjne walkiria pożyczki kredyt mieszkaniowy sierpień 2012 karta kredytowa deutsche a bik ogłoszenia pożyczki prywatne pod weksel kredyty bez biku i krd na sam dowów w kielcach kredyt bank w sosnowcu kredyt konsolidacyjny getin pożyczki łomża finan pożyczki szczecin kredyt konsolidacyjny skok kalkulator feniks pozyczki kredyt gotówkowy w eurobank opinie kredyt bank piła adres kredyt w banku komercyjnym co to znaczy kredyt bez biku pro domo pozyczki ostroda kontakt prywatne pozyczki do 50000 wrocław kredyt pozabankowy naczym polega kredyt bank cennik przelewów udzielić pożyczki ang kredyt chwilówka telefon pożyczki pod zastaw diamentów kredyty chwilówki warunki pożyczki na dowód białystok szybkie pożyczki legionowo kredyt bank prowizja od wpłaty wniosek o kredyt studencki pekao sa umowa pożyczki jak księgować pożyczki chwilówki na dowód bez zdolności kredytowe pożyczki na kopalni umowa pożyczki w lombardzie kredyt bank olkusz kontakt kredyt w banku śląskim kredyt millenium bank opinie jaki jest numer na kredyt z orange kredyt bank lokaty opinie umowa pożyczki z pracownikiem kredyt bank godziny otwarcia siedlce wypowiedzenie umowy pożyczki provident kredyty chwilówki polkowice pozyczka 24h do domu nowy targ pożyczki na telefon bez bik kredyt na dom a umowa na czas określony pożyczki chwilówki pozabankowe bez bik kredyt bank zabrze ubezpieczenie pożyczki w pekao kredyt 150tys bez bik kredyt w banku pocztowym opinie kredyty mieszkaniowe getin bank pożyczki bez zaświadczeń od ręki kredyt bank kraków godziny otwarcia kredyt konsolidacyjny dla firm kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator 2013 alior bank kredyt preferencyjny kredyty chwilówki łomża gdzie najłatwiej dostać kredyt bez bik flisak pożyczki kontakt kredyt bankowy pożyczki dla radców prawnych pko bank polski kredyt rodzina na swoim kredyt bank bytom godziny otwarcia pożyczki prywatne białystok żyrafa pożyczki pl www pl a historia pożyczki kredyty pozabankowe pod zastaw domu wyliczenie rat pożyczki pożyczki od inwestorów prywatnych cesja pożyczki a pcc niespłacenie pożyczki vivus kredyt obrotowy w idea banku bank spółdzielczy kredyt gotówkowy forum szybkie kredyty gotówkowe bez biku kredyt bank racibórz godziny otwarcia pożyczki bez bik małopolska bank pko sa ubezpieczenie kredytu pożyczki chwilówki najnowsze kredyt bank aktualności rzeszów kasa stefczyka kredyt na umowie zagranicznej pożyczki pod zastaw samochodów poznań kredyt konsolidacyjny eurobank opinie pożyczki chwilówki świdnica kredyt bank centrala gdzie w rzeszowie można dostać dobry kredyt bez bik pożyczki w policji kredyt bank wesoła telefon pożyczki online bez sprawdzania baz kredyt pozabankowy długoterminowy kredyt bank numer kontaktowy kredyt bank jachowicza płock pozyczki łodz kontakt pożyczki przez internet pierwsza za darmo kredyty chwilówki grodzisk mazowiecki kredyt bank rawicz ul sarnowska kredyt bank przelewy z zagranicy konsolidacja kredytu gdzie odroczenie spłaty kredytu studenckiego pko bp skok pożyczka bez bik koszt pożyczki kalkulator kredyt bank kontakt infolinia kredyty dla firm bez biku finanse pożyczki bez bik pozyczki od ręki mława kalkulator pożyczki kredytowej kredyt konsolidacyjny pko sa kredyty chwilówki a knf umowa konwersji pożyczki umowa pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu prawo pożyczki pozabankowe płońsk kronos pożyczki tarnowskie gory telefon kredyt rns banki kredyt mieszkaniowy pko oprocentowanie kredyt bank dział windykacji lublin pozyczki bocian gniezno ppozyczka na sam dowod osobisty zabrze pożyczka pawinski krzysztof warszawa kredyty bez bijk poznan wilda kredyt studencki bank polski restrukturyzacja pożyczki w skok pożyczki w 15 minut online kredyt mieszkaniowy od państwa kredyt bank łączy się z bz wbk kredyt bez bik w banku spółdzielczym kredyt bank pszczyna telefon pożyczki dla widniejących w krd kredyt bank poznań adres kredyt bank wiatraczna kredyt bank legnica godz otwarcia kredyt bank warszawa ochota kredyty bez bik łódź pożyczki prywatnie poznań w jakim banku wziasc kredyt na mieszkanie banki kredyty gotówkowe oprocentowanie deutsche bank kredyt konsolidacyjny opinie forum czy latwo dostac kredyt w getin banku pożyczka na procent brodnica kredyty chwilówki dla firm kredyt bank kursy walut archiwum warta pozyczki najtańsze pożyczki w bankach kredyt konsolidacyjny do jakiego wieku pożyczki wołów pożyczki z parabanków pożyczki bez zaświadczeń na dowód konwersja pożyczki na dopłaty do kapitału kredyty chwilówki pruszków wzór umowy pożyczki dla firmy pożyczki chwilówki słupsk pożyczki na dowód numer telefonu pekao sa kredyt wpis w big pożyczki pod zastaw limanowa pożyczki z pfron getin bank kredyt na pit kalkulator pożyczki pod weksel cała polska kredyt bank wniosek o wakacje kredytowe pożyczki bez bik elk banki kredyty z komornikiem kredyt bank zabrze kredyt bank turek kredyt bank 24 zaloguj kredyt bank nip kredyty mieszkaniowe o co pytać kredyt bank włocławek promienna pożyczki bocian kłodzko pożyczki z najmniejszym oprocentowaniem kredyt bank w lomzy kredyt konsolidacyjny plock mikrokasa pożyczki pozyczki prywatne w obcej walucie kredyt bank zatrudnienie pożyczki gotówkowe w domu klienta kredyty chwilówka żywiec provident symulacja pożyczki pożyczki krótkoterminowe koko pożyczki kredyt bank w dąbrowie górniczej kredyty dla zadłużonych bez bik kredyt samochodowy bez bik kalkulator formularz umowy pożyczki finan pożyczki legnica kredyt bank włocławek promienna godziny umowa pożyczki zgłoszenie do urzędu skarbowego kredyt bez bik legionowo kredyt gotówkowy bez bik sosnowiec kamila ignasiak pożyczki pożyczki na otwarcie działalności pożyczki bez bik plus kredyty chwilówki bez bik usługi kredyty chwilówki grunwaldzka pożyczki z komornikiem kraków termin przedawnienia z umowy pożyczki pożyczki prywatne bez bik szczecin pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik kielce prywatne pozyczki siedlce be bik i krd mazowieckie pożyczki żuromin pożyczki bez weryfikacji wniosku kredyt pozabankowy bez bik przez internet bank bph da kredyt jak mam komornika kredyt bank zablokowana karta udzielę prywatnej pożyczki bez wkładu własnego kredyty chwilówki mysłowice pożyczki dla firm bez zabezpieczeń kredyt chwilówka wieliczka kiedy umowa pożyczki jest nieważna warunki kredytu w kredyt banku kredyt bank w świdnicy kredyt bank polna 11 kredyty bez bik w siedlcach kredyt bank direct kredyt bez bik tczew pożyczki na weksel bocian pożyczki rumia jak zaksięgować kredyt w rachunku bankowym ankieta pożyczki pozyczki pod zastaw samochodu trojmiasto pozyczki gniezno od zaraz do reki pożyczki pod zastaw samochodu forum otrzymanie pożyczki a pcc pożyczki pozabankowe w toruniu umowa pożyczki od siostry wzór kredyt bank przelewy pożyczki prywatne na działalność gospodarczą kredyt bank hrubieszów tel przedłużenie pożyczki w wonga kredyt bank numer swift umowa pożyczki bank kredyt getin bank bez bik pozyczki chwilówki z komornikiem gdansk rafał konarski pozyczki kredyt bank zamość telefon bank pko sa kredyt konsumpcyjny pożyczki bez bik w głogowie kredyt bank elblag kontakt kredyt chwilówka andrychów ile kosztuje przelew zagraniczny w kredyt banku pozyczkipod zastaw auta minsk maz kredyt na samochód bez bik pozyczki pila niespłacony kredyt w banku kredyt samochodowy fortis bank kredyt bank bankomaty płock kredyt bez bik widruszow kredyt w alior bank konsolidacyjny pozyczki w nowym saczu wzór promesy pożyczki kredyt dla emerytow w banku pocztowym kredyt bez bik ge money bank konsolidacja kredytu bz wbk pożyczki chwilówki zary kredyt bank sa chojnice pożyczka pozabankowa merritum bank pożyczki gotówkowe legnica pożyczki chwilówki kaska kredyt bank raszyn pożyczki abis forum kredyt bez bik zus us alior bank kredyt dla zadłużonych kredyty chwilówki piła kredyt mieszkaniowy własny kąt lokatorski pożyczki chwilówki pierwsza za darmo pożyczki pozabankowe ciechanów wzór na obliczenie pożyczki z zfśs kredyt bank call center forum pozyczki bochnia kredyt konsolidacyjny kb pożyczki w krakowie najtańsze pożyczki w banku kredyty chwilówki żary pożyczki od osób prywatnych toruń oprocentowanie kredytu gotowkowego w santander bank

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

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Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

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Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

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Bastard!

 

The late French linguist Albert Dauzat came up with the most picturesque origin of the word bastard. Dauzat’s notion was that the insult derived from an Old French word bast meaning ‘packsaddle for a mule’ or ‘saddlebag slung over a mule’s back’ + the negative French suffix -ard. Thus a bastard was probably the love child of a man who herded mules and one night enjoyed a carnal connection with some highway hussy using his saddlebag as a pillow during their sex. No kidding! Was this a particularly weird way to name an illegitimate offspring in medieval European languages? Too bizarre to have ever accounted for the word’s accurate origin? No, not at all.

 

Two muleteers adjust the grass-filled aparejo pack saddle, shifting weight from the mule's back to its ribcage.

 

Compare some other European words for a wretch begotten out of wedlock.

Old French had a word coitrart ‘quilt-child.’

German has Bankling ‘bench-child,’ suggesting a quick copulatory alliance on a tavern table. Low German had Mantelkind ‘cloak-child,’ summoning up the picture of a torrid coupling under a greatcoat in a ditch at the side of a medieval highway.

Even the Vikings had a word for bastardy. In Old Norse hrissungr means ‘brushwood-child.’ Ragnar got lucky in the shrubbery.

Victorian English sniffed haughtily at such corporeal wallowings and gross affinities and, sneering through its tortoise-shell lorgnette, termed the loathsome product a ‘love child.’ In British legal terminology, the word bastard referred specifically to an illegitimate but acknowledged-by-the-father son of noble gentry or royalty. Some etymologists state that this fils de bast ‘child of a packsaddle’ is dubious both chronologically and geographically.

Differing proposals for the root of ‘bastard’ abound. The notion is posited that a Germanic root *bast ‘marriage’ is the origin, with the pejorative suffix –ard added to mean that it was the child of a ‘bad’ marriage with a wench of low estate or that a bastard was the peasant offspring of a Christian and a pagan, a conjointure not sanctioned by holy ritual. But that guess reads to me as a conceit no sillier than the packsaddle one.

Others offer a ‘lost’ Proto-Germanic word for barn, namely *bansti, that may be akin to Gothic bansts ‘barn son.’ So that a bastard is a ‘son of the barn,’ whose straw-bedded conception featured a clodhopper diddling a milkmaid in a haystack.

Where Did –Ard, the Suffix, Come From?

The Old French operative, negative suffix –art or –ard was copied from the Germanic adjective –hart or –hard, an extremely frequent component of two-part Teutonic warrior names like Richard. Remember that the two roots in each Germanic binomial name did not have to make clear sense; they merely had to be taken from an agreed-upon list of “name” roots. Richard = Reich Germanic ‘kingdom’ + -hardt Germanic ‘enduring, tough, hardy.’ Gerard is similarly Gar ‘sword’ + -hard. Everard or Everett is Ebur Germanic ‘wild boar’ + -hardt. Leonard means ‘brave as a lion’ from German Leonhard = leo, leonis Latin ‘lion’ + -hard.

In Old French this usually negative suffix –ard was extremely productive, for example in French words like bastard, couard, canard, mallard, mouchard, and vieillard. After the Norman Conquest these words poured into Britain and, by the time of Middle English, we had borrowed wizard, placard, standard. Then, in forming new English words, the ending –ard came to mean ‘one who performs acts to excess or to his discredit’ in words like buzzard, drunkard, laggard, and sluggard.

Most provocative of all is that many of the English nationality names may have begun as insults, as depreciatory snubs like Spaniard, Lombard, Savoyard. The semantic weight of ‘something hard’ survives in other words with this suffix, e.g. billiards, petard, poniard and tankard.

Coward

This word for a craven, white-livered weakling goes all the way back to the Latin word for tail, cauda, perhaps because a coward turns tail and runs away with his tail between his legs. The line of derivation may look like this: Old French coart/cohart/cuard/cowairt/couard > Provençal coart > Italian codardo = coda + -ardo pejorative suffix> Italian coda > Latin cauda.

 

Some Familiar –ard Words in English

Drunkard

Dullard

Laggard

Lubbard – a big, clumsy oaf

Sluggard

Wizard — sage or magician, but wizard began as an insult equivalent to ‘smart ass’ or ‘big brain’, from the adjective wise + -ard.

Lizard — sometimes assimilation of the –ard suffix occurred, as in the form of lizard from Old French lesard (modern French lézard, lézarde) and Italian lacerta, both from Latin lacertus and lacerta. The usual ending in Old French would have seen a form like *lesert, but people thought it was the –ard ending and pronounced it that way.

Mallard = Middle English < Middle French mallart < Anglo-Norman malle male + French suffix -ard, hence a meaning like ‘excessively masculine in behaviour.’ Our ending is usually quite pejorative and in the word mallard may be also. In this species of common wild duck, Anas platyrhynchos (Latin and Greek ‘flat-billed duck’) the “very” male mallard is deeply interested in duck sex but makes the female brood the eggs, raise the ducklings and feed them, while he swims lazily about the pond preening his feathers. Mallards were the source breeding stock of most domestic duck hybrids in the West.

Mustard — Mustard got its name because the original condiment was ground mustard grains mixed with most or must, unfermented grape juice, hence most + -ard. It entered our language after 1066 CE as Anglo- Norman French mustarde, mustard, mostart, moustard. The postclassical Latin mustardum was a medieval form borrowed from French and reLatinized. The word did not exist in ancient Rome, where the Romans borrowed the Greek word for mustard. Mustard in classical Latin was sinapi.

Hence the spurious etymology seen so often on the internet is a deeply ignorant guess, namely: must ‘grape juice’+ ardens Latin ‘fiery.’ So mustard is fiery grape juice, is it? This utter claptrap is found in bad dictionaries and on word websites that are not reliable, such as the infamous podictionary whose writer, with no discernible scholarship in word study, is taken in by every folk etymology that comes down the pike and who appears to do NO investigative research into etymology but instead riffles through pop word books, copying whatever origin is colorful, no matter how ignorant. All one need do to know that sinapi is the Latin word for mustard, not mustardum, is to look it up in a cheap seven-dollar English-Latin paperback dictionary. The pod person who compiles “the podictionary” could not even be bothered to do that. What a schlub! What contempt he displays for his readers. Mustardum as a form did not exist until the 12th or 13th century.

 

 

A Few Uncommon English –ard Words

Ballard- obsolete word for a bald-headed person from bald + -ard

Bullard – keeps a bull, shortened from bullward; nothing to do with –ard suffix

Bombard – old word for bumblebee

Canard – is the French word for ‘duck’ as well as its other meanings like ‘hoax’ or ‘false story.’ Its roots are Old French verb caner ‘to quack’ + -ard as operative suffix, hence le canard is ‘the quacker.’

Clochard – French word for ‘beggar’ used by Hemingway from clocher French ‘to limp.’

Bugiard – a liar

Croisard or crusard – neat but obsolete insult for a Crusader

Dizzard – a dizzy dolt, a fool, a simpleton ---- obsolete but worth reviving

Doddard – a pollarded tree

Babillard – chatterer, a bird name

Blinkard – an obsolete word for a doddering old, blinking fart. A word well worth reviving, due to the paucity of insult words in English.

Boggard – a bogey, a goblin

Boinard – obsolete word for a fool

Buffard — a rare word for a silly fellow

Here’s one from French: le Père Fouettard ‘Father Flogger,’ is a continental French bogeyman, an evil man dressed in black who stuffs bad children into a big bag and wallops them with a stick or a whip. He is a nightmare version of the punitive father.

I wish to end this piece by coining a cheap new word. I hereby propose the hybrid word schleppard for a goof-off who drops the ball, a loser who never puts the puck in the net. Perhaps some religious saviour having an off day could have been called The Good Schleppard? Or perhaps not? Guards! Seize the coiner of that neologism!

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad