pożyczka na spłatę komornika we włocławku kredyt bez bik i poreczycieli umowa pożyczki z pracodawcą kredyty samochodowe bez bik krd kredyt inwestycyjny w credit agricole kredyt bank gdansk godziny otwarcia kredyt samochodowy na firme forum kredyt bank euribor w jakich bankach można wsiąść pożyczkę na dowod umowa pożyczki partycypacyjnej santander kupił kredyt bank luty 2012 kredyt bank 2 oddział wrocław pożyczki gotówkowe w banku bez bik pożyczki na dowód w pko pożyczki bez bik łódź forum pożyczki bank bgż kredyt gotówkowy deutsche bank oprocentowanie kredyt mieszkaniowy umowa na czas określony kredyty chwilówki dęblin pożyczki społecznościowe kraków podanie o udzielenie pożyczki w pracy kara za niezgłoszenie pożyczki do us pozyczki skok bez info monitora umowa pożyczki pozabankowej pożyczki pozabankowe w warszawie kredyt bank jasło kontakt kredyt konsolidacyjny jaki procent kredyt bez bik bez zgody małżonka kredyty pozabankowe do 5000 kredyt bank niepodległości warszawa wniosek o kredyt w banku spółdzielczym umowa pożyczki na wykup mieszkania kredyty chwilówki bez sprawdzania bik kredyt bank elixir kredyt bank kiedy sesje kredyty chwilowki plock kredyt mieszkaniowy dla mlodych malzenstw 2013 kredyt studencki pko pożyczki bocian tarnobrzeg umowa pożyczki cywilnej kredyty chwilówki brzeg pożyczki chwilówki bez bik i krd warszawa pożyczki udzielone przez jst pożyczki prywatne dąbrowa górnicza kredyt konsolidacyjny katowice kredyt konsolidacyjny 150 tys bez zgody wspolmalzonka umorzenie pożyczki udzielonej pracownikowi wiarygodne pożyczki bez bik kredyty w fm bank kredyt bank dusznicki pożyczki chrzanów kredyty pko bp kalkulator szybkie pożyczki przez internet od 19 lat kredyt bank bic pożyczki chwilówki zduńska wola kredyt bank ostrobramska umowa pożyczki warunki kredyty mieszkaniowe millenium kalkulator opodatkowanie niezgłoszonej pożyczki pożyczki obliczanie rat oprocentowanie pożyczki nbp kredyty pozabankowe białystok bocian pożyczki czarnków kredyt bank liczba akcji najtańsze pożyczki online kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zabezpieczeń ranking kredyt bank wyplata z bankomatu za granica kredyt bank gold metal kredyt konsolidacyjny wymagane dokumenty kredyt bank wbk połączenie pożyczki albert szukam pożyczki śląsk kredyt bank reklamy kredyty chwilówki sanok kredyt bank niemcewicza pożyczki prywatne białystok wpłatomat kredyt banku warszawa pożyczki na raty tygodniowe kredyt bank banco santander kredyt bank zambrów kredyt w banku bgż umowa pożyczki od wspólnika spółki cywilnej kredyt bank banki partnerskie pożyczki bez bik w gorzowie wlkp mikropożyczki z unii europejskiej pożyczki pozabankowe 15000 kredyt na dowod pożyczki pod zastaw mińsk mazowiecki pozyczka na dowod osobisty numer tel chełm korzyści z pożyczki gotówkowej pożyczki praca kredyt bank zyrardow godziny otwarcia kto płaci podatek od pożyczki pieniężnej czy kredyty chwilówki sprawdzają bik pożyczki prywatne wrocław forum pożyczki ratunkowe kredyt bez bik slupsk kredyty dla studentów wbk bank pko kredyt 20000zł parabank kredyt tanie kredyty mieszkaniowe kalkulator ubezpieczenie pożyczki od śmierci potrącanie pożyczki z zfśs kredyty w getin bank opinie kredyty bez bik pszczyna raport pożyczki pożyczki chwilówki bez bik łódź kredyty pod zastaw bez bik pożyczki prywatne lublin kredyty bez zdolności kredytowej pożyczki pod weksel bez przedpłat kredyt bank pila sikorskiego pożyczki całą dobę kredyt w getin banku na pit załatwie kredyt w banku pożyczki pozabankowe na działalność gospodarczą bank pbh kredyt kolobrzeg oblicz rate kredytu konsolidacyjnego alior bank pożyczki typu bocian pożyczki chwilówki online opinie kredyt bankowy a przedawnienie pko bp legnica kredyt studencki fundacja kredyt banku warszawa pożyczki od osób prywatnych na procent ubezpieczenie pożyczki mbank kredyt bez bik gorzów wlkp kredyty bez zaświadczeń o dochodach i bez bik wydanie pożyczki kredyt bank lodz aleksandrowska kredyt bank wizja lokalna umowa pożyczki w walucie obcej a pcc pożyczki bez bik zakopane umowa pożyczki pracownika podatek od pożyczki od rodziny pożyczki dla emerytów bez ograniczeń wiekowych kredyty mieszkaniowe w bph kredyt mieszkaniowy pierwsze mieszkanie pożyczki chwilówki puławy kredyt na dowód lukas bank pożyczki social lending pożyczki w domu klienta zielona góra ei global pożyczki kredyt bank jelenia góra ul wolności firmy dajace pozyczki zadluzonym u komornika kalkulator pożyczki gotówkowej bph kredyty chwilówki bydgoszcz gdańska pożyczki bez bik bez dochodów bardzo szybkie kredyty bez bik kredyt bez bik slask rzeczywisty koszt pożyczki przedłużenie umowy pożyczki kredyty konsolidacyjny w2014 r kredyt bank sa regon pożyczki skok chmielewskiego credit agricole kredyt w rachunku wyciągi w kredyt banku kredyt bank koszalin zwycięstwa kredyt bank 24 demo kredyt konsolidacyjny zabezpieczony pożyczki na dowód bez bik online kredyty mieszkaniowe 2010 uczciwe pożyczki od osób prywatnych pożyczki gotówkowe na telefon kredyty bez biku wrocław pożyczki chwilówki praca podatek od odsetek od pożyczki od osoby fizycznej kredyty pozabankowe piekary slaskie kredyt bank czarnków pożyczka bez bik pożyczki na dowód bez zaświadczeń o zarobkach kredyt oddłużeniowy w banku kredyt bez bik suwałki pożyczki bez zaświadczeń bez bik kredyt bez biku opinie kredyt bank adekwatność kapitałowa kredyt bank wypowiedział ubezpieczenie na życie kredyt bank kraków ul wielicka godziny otwarcia pożyczki bez zbędnych formalności kredyt konsolidacyjny z bikiem kredyty bez bik szamotuły kredyt bank należy do kredyt na samochód a umowa na czas określony pożyczki prywatne na zakup nieruchomości kronos pożyczki warszawa pozyczki gotuwkoiwe prywatne firmy szybki kredyt konsolidacyjny bez zabezpieczeń kredyt bank rabaty pożyczki bydgoszcz kujawska kredyt bank placowki skarabeusz pożyczki kalisz alex pożyczki odsetki od pożyczki tłumaczenie kredyty pozabankowe slask pożyczki gotówkowe kielce kredyt gotówkowy banku pocztowym kredyt bez bik stargard kredyt bank lublin narutowicza tel bank pko bp kredyt odnawialny pożyczki bez bik chojnice umowa pożyczki gotówkowej pod zastaw samochodu kredyt studencki pko poręczyciel kredyty bankowe ekonomia kredyt konsolidacyjny co potrzebne czy łatwo dostać kredyt w credit agricole pożyczki pozabankowe bez bik poznań kredyt w bre banku bocian pożyczki głogów kredyt bocian glogow umorzenie pożyczki zfron kredyt bank olsztyn wojska polskiego pożyczki bez krd olsztyn kredyt bank sa biuro operacji i windykacji lublin axcess financial pożyczki kredyt bank poznań garbary godziny otwarcia kredyt bank zory pożyczki udziałowców dla spółki kredyt bank lokata terminowa jak wyglądają pożyczki w providencie kredyt bank kraków długa 4 godziny otwarcia pożyczki optima opinie udzielę prywatnej pożyczki bez wkładu własnego kredyt bank przelew z karty kredytowej pozyczki pozabankowe mieszkaniowe bez zaswiadczen kredyt bank wyplata za granica kredyty w bankach zagranicznych bez baz roznoszenie ulotek kredyty chwilówki w słupsku kredyty bankowe w bilansie kredyt konsolidacyjny długoterminowy kredyt ze wsparciem unijnym idea bank forum wzór umowy pożyczki zabezpieczonej wekslem pekao sa kredyt wpis w big kredyty chwilówki sanok kredyt konsolidacyjny w db kredyt opinie kredyt bez bik rawicz dwa kredyty w jednym banku kalkulator kredytu mieszkaniowego bank pocztowy kto udzieli pożyczki bez bik i krd kredyt z banku pod zastaw lokaty kredyt bank wychodzące kredyt bank o ktorej sa przelewy kredyt studencki pko oprocentowanie umowa pożyczki od siostry andrzej śmiały pożyczki kredyt bank garbary kredyt bank koło tel prywatne pożyczki na sam dowód kredyt chwilówki sosnowiec kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator banków pożyczki gotówkowe kalkulatory pożyczki bez bik jelenia góra pożyczki eden finance umowa ugody pożyczki kredyt bank adresy w warszawie pożyczki oleśnica pożyczki na dowód słupca najtańszy kredyt konsolidacyjny 2011 kredyt bank vi oddział warszawa pożyczki wysokooprocentowane pożyczki pozabankowe pod weksel bydgoszcz pożyczki do 100 zł do ilu zl bocian udziela pozyczek na dowod kredyt bank pko sa kredyt bank w chorzowie kredyt banki 24 alior bank kredyt przez telefon pożyczki gotówkowe dla niepracujących chwjlowki pozyczki bez bik krd gliwice kredyt bank poleasingowe pozyczki walcz bez bik kredyt bank notowania akcji pożyczki od ręki warszawa kredyty na pit 40a bez bik pożyczki online od 19 lat pt wygodne pożyczki pożyczki takto kontakt kruk pożyczki kredyt bank pdf pożyczki bez biku w łodzi kredyt samochodowy w santander udzielenie pożyczki gofin pożyczki ze złą historią kredytową kredyty bez bik piła kredyt mieszkaniowy bez małżeństwa kredyt samochodowy ing oprocentowanie odsetki ustawowe umowa pożyczki kredyt bank w piszu pożyczki bez bik w domu klienta warszawa umowa pożyczki z firmą pożyczki gotówkowe na pit kredyt bankowy przeterminowany kredyty pozabankowe tychy kredyt na start w fm banku szybkie pożyczki bez bik i krd płock kredyt bank bilgoraj skok stefczyka kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator szybki kredyt 10000 mińsk mazowiecki prywatne pożyczki we wrocławiu kredyt w mbanku opinie pożyczki gotówkowe konsolidacyjne kredyt bank wpłata na konto kredyt samochodowy bez bik i zaświadczeń kredyt bez biku na umowe zlecenie kredyt bank bankomaty partnerskie kredyt bank ogólne warunki kredytowania kredyty bez biku krd pcc od umowy pożyczki z udziałowcem wałbrzych pozyczki przy umowie spłata pożyczki walutowej w pln kredyt bez bik opinie kredyt mieszkaniowy pko wymagania kredyt bank zmiana limitu dziennego kredyt bank ostroleka godziny otwarcia opłata za przelew zagraniczny w kredyt banku niedzielne pożyczki prywatne santander consumer bank kredyt gotówkowy kalkulator pozyczki z funduszu dla zadluzonych bez baz kredyty chwilówki jastrzębie zdrój kredyty chwilówki starogard kredyt bez bik do 50 000 kredyt bank białobrzegi godziny otwarcia udzielać pożyczki ang kredyt bank iban bic kredyt bank pozew zbiorowy pożyczka chwilówka konin kredyt bank dąbrowa tarnowska godziny otwarcia kredyty w meritum bank pożyczki bank millenium pożyczki chwilówki bez pracy pożyczki głogówek kredyt bank ii oddział olsztyn szybkie pożyczki bez bik gdańsk bielsko kredyty nie bankowe karty kredytowe pozabankowe gdansk pożyczki chwilówki przez internet bez bik umowa pożyczki dla spółki wzór pożyczki balonowe kwota pożyczki wolna od podatku 2013 pożyczki bez bik rumia pożyczki bankowe kalkulator pożyczki kartuzy kredyt bez bik na działalność kredyty mieszkaniowe maciej molewski kredyty bez bik rzeszow kredyt bank ken 57 pożyczki prabuty szybki kredyt bez zdolności kredytowej pożyczki kredyt dla zadłużonych w którym banku najkorzystniejszy kredyt kalkulator kredytu mieszkaniowego alior bank pożyczki w skoku kredyt bank gryfino godziny otwarcia pożyczki fora pożyczki indywidualne asper pożyczki opinie wzór umowy pożyczki spłata w ratach kredyt bez bik tczew pozyczka bez bik w getin banku pożyczki okey kredyt bank kasprzaka kontakt kredyt konsolidacyjny kalkulator lukas bank pożyczki na dowód do domu anna kochańska pożyczki kredyt bank dni otwarcia pożyczka przez internet pozabankowa bełchatów pozyczka na dowod inowroclaw kredyty i pożyczki dla bezrobotnych kredyt bank zachodniopomorskie umowa pożyczki przepisy pożyczki prywatne żyrardów pożyczki bez bik ostrowiec św kredyty bez bik big komornik konsolidacja kredyt bank mbank pożyczki prywatne częstochowa pozyczka za zastaw auta zagranicznego klodzko szygula kredyt bankowy wydanie pożyczki darlowo kredyty chwilowki bytom konto w kredyt banku pożyczki luton kredyt bank w lubinie pożyczki z komornikiem współpraca kupon 1 kredyt bank meritum pozyczka na dowod i wyciag z konta umowa pożyczki gotówki pdf pozyczka bez big w domu klienta wołow pozyczki deblin bez bik skarabeusz pożyczki podkarpacie pożyczki bez bik śląskie pożyczki bez biku przez internet pożyczki chwilówki tczew umowa pożyczki opłata pcc który bank udziela kredytów bez bik cechy pożyczki przedmiot umowy cash flow pożyczki kredyt pozabankowy koszalin pożyczki pozabankowe w krakowie pożyczki pozabankowe od 19 lat szybkie pożyczki bez bik płock kredyt bez bik 3000 pożyczki bez podatku umowa pożyczki bocian kredyt bank zgorzelec kontakt w jakim banku wziąć kredyt studencki kredyt bank turek kontakt kredyt w bos bank kredyt z przelewem na konto alior bank kredyt ranking pozyczek bez bik i z odbiorem na poczcie kredyt w banku z bikiem kredyt przez internet w credit agricole kredyty hipoteczne lodz pod zastaw domu kredyt bank krosno godz otwarcia kredyt bank sa krs renoma pożyczki umowa pożyczki pieniędzy w rodzinie pożyczki w bedzinie pożyczki tanie kredyty bez bik leszno orange kody na kredyt kredyt bank kolegialna 22 kredyty chwilówki bez bik białystok pożyczki pod nieruchomość kredyt banki mikołów pożyczki tygodniowki elbląg pozyczka bez bik 5000 kredyt bank bławatna kredyt dla nowych firm bez bik pożyczki gotówkowe starogard gdański pożyczki na dowód jaworzno kruk kredyty w puławach pozyczki pieniezne z dojazdem kredyt bank bankomaty bezprowizyjne santander consumer bank kredyty konsolidacyjne kredyt samochodowy w banku konsolidacja kredytu wbk warunki pracy w kredyt banku pożyczki dla osób bezrobotnych monetto pożyczki irr pożyczki pożyczki na pierwszy biznes pożyczki mińsk mazowiecki kredyt bank w radomiu kwota nominalna pożyczki oprocentowanie pożyczki ekspresowej pekao sa kredyty chwilówki brzeg getin bank kredyt samochodowy kalkulator kredyt bank rypin kredyt konsolidacyjny rodzaje kredyt konsolidacyjny dla rolnika w jakim banku najlepiej wziąć kredyt gotówkowy 2013 kredyt bank wymiana karty pożyczki z obsługa w domu kredyt bank tomaszów mazowiecki telefon kredyt bankowy millenium pożyczki pozabankowe tychy pożyczka typu provident kredyt bez bik nowy tomyśl kredyt bank falenica kredyt prowizja banku placówki kredyt banku w rzeszowie kredyt bank rachunek oszczędnościowy kredyty chwilówki kalkulator kredyty samochodowe dla firm kalkulator kredyt inwestycyjny w idea banku pożyczki z rejonowych urzędów pracy mikropożyczki czestochowa bocian pożyczki gotówkowe kalisz pożyczki wojenne kredyt chwilówka nowa ruda kredyt w pko bank polski kredyt konsolidacyjny kielce kredyt bank nazwa kredyt bank lokaty bank pko pożyczki gotówkowe kredyt bank lokaty 6 5 pożyczki abis kredyt samochodowy dla firm bez bik umorzenie pożyczki rodzinnej czy umowa pożyczki jest umową wzajemną czy trudno dostać kredyt w getin banku dobre pożyczki alior bank kredyt samochodowy kontakt kredyt chwilowka bydgoszcz ul gdanska kredyt bank bialystok godziny otwarcia pożyczki eden finance obliczenie raty pożyczki pożyczki provident forum kredyt konsolidacyjny banku bph kredyty mieszkaniowe open finance pożyczka bez bik garwolin kredyt bank królewska kraków godziny otwarcia kredyt bank sa oddział w pile kredyt bank filia nr 4 gdynia ubezpieczenie kredytu w fm banku kredyt bank konstantynów łódzki godziny pożyczki pozabankowe takto kredyty chwilówki bydgoszcz gdańska kredyt bank oliwa pozyczki do domu w pabianicach nominalne oprocentowanie pożyczki w skali roku

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

                                     - Professor Jennifer MacLennan, in Readings for Technical Communication, Oxford University Press, 2008

 

 

About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

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funny sayings

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“Bill Casselman is one of the country’s [Canada's] leading etymologists and word hounds, as is shown by his numerous books on language, including the celebrated Canadian Sayings.”

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About This Website:

Over the next few weeks, through winter's long roost, I am going to discuss winter words and sayings. Some are terms you know; others will be new. Let me know if you enjoy these brumal siftings.

This site features the fun of word origins. By clicking on ARCHIVES below, you have free access to more than 400 short essays on wordlore. Unlike many somber word sites, my essays employ plenty of humor. Please give them a try!

 

next word column, Thursday, February 05, 2015

 

 

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Translate this page into any of the languages in the pop-down below. The machine translations are not perfect, but they are adequate.

 

Hiemal, Brumal, Algid & Other Wintry Wordlets

Winter’s root is wet, literally. The same Germanic root that gives our words water and wet makes the first vowel nasal and so adds an ‘n’, thus *ued > *wet > *went > *wint > winter. Thus winter is closely related to other English words like water and otter!

Druids’ Winter

Or, winter may stretch all the way back to a root form in Proto-Indo-European *ueid that gives Celtic words for ‘white’; compare for example Old Irish find ‘white’ and many other Celtic cognates like Welsh gwyn ‘white’ and perhaps even the Druids ‘people of the white oak’ from *dru-ueid or oak-white. Dru means ‘oak tree’ and there are two PIE morphemes represented as *ueid. The second *ueid means ‘know, see.’ One of its reflexes in English is the word wit with its prime meaning of insight. In Latin, PIE *ueid displays as videre ‘to see.’ Take *dru and *ueid compounded to make the word Druid, and the Druids could be the ‘oak-knowers’ based on their veneration of the oak tree and its mistletoe.

Classical Winter Words

English borrows Latin and Greek words for coldness and winter to obtain both poetic and medical words. The most common Latin word for winter is hiems, from which English derives a learned adjective hiemal ‘taking place in winter, pertaining to winter.’ Latin hiems is cognate with these Indo-European relatives: Greek χειμώνας heimonas ‘winter’, Greek χιών chion ‘snow’, Sanskrit हेमन्त hemanta ‘winter,’ literally ‘snowing time’ and Russian зима zima.

There is a Hindu god of snow, Himavat. In Sanskrit, himavant conveys “having much snow,” coming from the word himá “frost, snow. The Himalaya ‘abode of snow’ Mountains got their name from Sanskrit himá ‘ snow’ + Sanskrit alaya ‘home.’

Rare in modern English, the word hiems is used memorably as a poetic personification of winter by William Shakespeare in the opening scene of Act 2 of A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Titania, queen of the fairies, tells her husband Oberon that even the moon is displeased with their quarrels and consequently the very seasons of the year are changed.

TITANIA

Therefore the moon, the governess of floods,
Pale in her anger, washes all the air,
That rheumatic diseases do abound:
And through this distemperature we see
The seasons alter: hoary-headed frosts
Fall in the fresh lap of the crimson rose,
And on old Hiems’ thin and icy crown
An odorous chaplet of sweet summer buds
Is, as in mockery, set . . .”

The Quarrel of Titania & Oberon, the fairy Queen and King

 

Brumal

Brumal, a Latin-derived wintry adjective I like, bears a blustery, blizzard-riven sound. Brumal chills freeze and peel the very skin from your shivering bones. In classical Latin, bruma referred to the shortest day of the year. The word is contracted from a superlative form of the simple Latin adjective brevis ‘short,’ brevima, itself a contraction of brevissima, a feminine superlative adjective nominative, possibly from a phrase like dies brevissima ‘the shortest day’ [of the winter solstice].

Secondarily in Latin, bruma meant midwinter but was nowhere near as common as hiems. Ancient winter feast days named Brumalia are mentioned in Roman literature. Winter sea fogs are brumal. They tumble across frosted docks and cling to the matted felt of pea jackets.

French borrowed bruma too, first as la brume ‘short winter day’ but  in modern French it means haze, sea mist or fog. In 1938 director Marcel Carné made a beautiful film of poetic realism called Le Quai des brumes starring three of the great early actors of French talkies: Jean Gabin, Michel Simon and Michèle Morgan. The film title is usually translated as “Port of Shadows” but that is pallid beside its much punchier literal meaning “Wharf of Fogs.”

Just after the Fr. Revolution, when the monthly calendar was changed, February for a brief time was rechristened Brumaire ‘month of wintry fogs.’

 

Boreal

All Hail, Boreas (depicted above), god of winter, tyrian-winged wind god of the north, who blows down from cold mountains of Thrace, all-chilling with breath of ice. To the north, beyond (Greek hyper) his mountain home, lay Hyperborea, a land of eternal spring which was never touched by the god’s cold wind.

The adjective boreal in English means pertaining to the north; situated on the northern side; of a northern character; of or pertaining to the north wind, located or living in a cold place.

An ancient Greek rural belief was that fecund winds Boreas and Zephyros would sweep down upon early spring pastures where mares in heat waited to be fertilized by the horses of the spring wind, ghostly stallions but full of equine vigor. Horses born from these couplings were best of breed.

Internet bit: “In Greek vase painting, Boreas was depicted as a striding, winged god. Sometimes his hair and beard were spiked with ice. In mosaic art, he often appears as a gust-blowing head with bloated cheeks up among the clouds. This imagery carried over into post-Classical art, and is frequently found in old maps.”

Afterwinter & Back-Winter

Both these terms name a return to winter temperatures after spring weather has already begun or simply cold, muddy weather leading up to real spring.

Robin Storm: A Canadian After-Winter Phrase

You’ve opened the cottage, primed the pump, set the summer chairs on the new cedar deck, shared a christening goblet of Château Qui Sait?, and, just as you settle into the hammock to imbibe the piney brio of it all, a thick snow squall blows in across the lake to welcome the start of June. It’s a late-in-the-season storm familiar to most Canadians, and some call it a robin storm, in an attempt to lessen its chill by invoking one of our cheerful spring birds, the robin.

Lapwing Winter

To birders in Denmark and Scandinavia, a cold snap in the spring is a lapwing-winter or a lapwing-snow, because it arrives just as lapwing birds return.

Blackberry Winter

In the southern United States, a period of cold weather late in the spring is a blackberry winter, because it happens often just as the blackberry bushes set buds or bloom. It’s the title of a wonderful 1946 novella by American novelist Robert Penn Warren who captures rural Tennessee slang and a young boy’s innocence, depicting it as well as any American writer ever did.

Hibernate

English supplies verbs to describe what the critters do seasonally. To hibernate is to pass the winter in a state of torpor. Hiberna is a Roman military word for ‘winter camp,’ related to hiems ‘winter.’ To estivate is to the pass the summer so. But we need a verb to describe what many do all the year round. With due humility, I suggest totannate from Latin, totum ‘all’ + annus ‘year’ meaning ‘to pass the entire year in a state of torpor.’

Algid

Rarest of the cold synonyms, poor, tiny, freezing wordlet algid crouches furtively in the less read pages of medical literature where it means ‘very cold,’ from Latin algidus ‘cold’ from algere ‘to be cold.’ One may still read of algid cholera where the patient is damp and clammy instead of moist and hot.

I do like its noun algor which has a distinct wintry brrr! about it. She treated his begging for forgiveness with utter algor. In Victorian medicine, algor referred to the chills that often mark the onset of a fever.

To Inwinter or Not

Finally, a neat English verb, to inwinter, is to protect sheep or other domestic animals by sheltering them inside barns or other structures during viciously cold inclemency that might kill them. Inwintering brood ewes is still safe farm practice.

Bleak Jack Frost may still make cheek raw and red, but we are at least two or three winter words up on the rimy rascal.

 

Bridge in Winter, a woodblock by Utagawa Hiroshige, 1797 – 1858 CE

 

 

 

 

For a selection from the free archives of my 400 previous word columns, click here

 

 

  

copyright © 2014 William Gordon Casselman

 

French Canadian Translation Services

 

 

 

 

------------------------------------------------------

new blog Monday August 18, 2014

Canadian Tax Officials Who Connived with Stephen Harper
To Harass his Enemies with Unnecessary Tax Audits Will Be
Named, Tried & Punished.

Read how this will happen on my latest blog essay by clicking below.

 

 

 

 

 

Click to Read My Most Recent Columns

 

1. Agomphious, Rusk, Quinion & Other Rare Words

2. A Vault of Ninnies

3. Dick-Wagger

4. Beaver as a Dirty Word

Any comments, additional word lore or book orders?

Please email me at

lutrine@rogers.com

 

 

 

Hundreds of links to more word essays; click below.

 

 

If you enjoyed this column, please tell your word-loving friends about my site

and ask them to visit it.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

 

Learn Some Quebec French Sayings

 

Quebec French Sayings -1

On Twitter, I am BillCasselman. Check me out!

 

 

Order new or used online from amazon.com

“The book is wonderful!” says a buyer of my Dictionary of Medical Derivations at amazon.com

 

 

If you can't find my books online or in stores,order them directly from the author. Just send me an email

 

wordguy@shaw.ca

 

 

Description of Site Contents Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ & Words of the World features thousands of entries about Canadian phrases, words, expressions, and folk sayings. Canadian French expressions, idioms and folk sayings are featured and explained in English. The latest, newest French Canadian slang is deciphered. Québécois joual phrases and jokes are explained in English. My newest, latest, unpublished word stories and studies appear here on this website. Canadian English is the focus but English spoken and written all over the world and throughout the history of the language interests me as well. Words of the World spotlights non-Canadian English words and their origins from languages all over the world and permits me to venture on etymological journeys well beyond the pleasant confines of my native Canada.

Copyright © 1996 -2013 William Gordon Casselman

etymology of Canadian words and phrasesphrases of Canadaword history of CanadaCanadian talkCanadian way of speakingCanadian speechwhere Canadian words come fromfunny Canadian sayingshumorous Canadian expressionsCanadian catchwordsCanadian epigramsCanadian mottoesCanadian stock sayingslearning Canadian Englishlearning Canadian French expressionslearning Quebec folk sayings introduction to etymology Canadian English as ESL slang and Canadian English slang       learn Canadian English Canadian English word power       learn Canadian words Canadian English word lists   . words used by Canadians Canadian lingo Kalan Porter pictures photographs photos Kalan Porter word lore Canadian sayings for ESL  William Gordon Casselman, Canadian author Bill Casselman's books Canadian words folk sayings of Canada Canadian expressions Canadian phrases words used by Canadians Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day archives etymology of Canadian wordsetymology examples of Canadian word origins Canadian English place names of Canada word stories funny Canadian sayings Canadian books books about Canadian words word roots Canadian vocabulary Canadian language Canadian lingo Canadian turn of phrase Canadian way of speaking French-Canadian words French-Canadian words in English Quebec words Quebec French Canadian surnames Canadian last names funny expressions of Canada Canadian word derivations Casselman's Canadian Words Casselmania Canadian Food Words Canadian Garden Words What's in a Canadian Name? Canadian Sayings Canadian Sayings one Canadian Sayings two Canadian Sayings 1 Canadian Sayings 2 Canadian Sayings 3 Canadian Sayings three dictionary of medical derivations etymology of medical terms what medical words mean origin of medical vocabulary medical word stories Canadian food words culinary terms of Canada where food names come from Canadian English words about Canada bill casselman bill casselman books etymology Canadian origins of words Acadian words Acadian food terms Acadian vocabulary Canadian Word of the Day™ word power word lore fun with words where words come from Canadian Word of the Day™ Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day Canadian French as a second language Bill Casselman's Canadian Word of the Day™ Canadian Word of the Day Canadian words words from Canada Canadian English Learn Canadian sayings Learn Canadian English Canadian English as a second language Canadian English study Canadian English as ESL ESL tips with Canadian English expressions Learning English ESL from Canadian English speaking Canadian English learning about Canada through Canadian English  Canadian unique words unique Canadian terms words used in Canada Words that are Canadian phrases terms sayings words original Canadian original Canadian words terms phrases Canadian idioms ESL tips for learning Canadian English Canadian ESL phrase books  funny folk sayings in English Canadian slang Canadian patois patois Canadien ESL sayings ESL funny sayings ESL teaching tips Canadian funny expressions Canadian English words  special phrases in Canadian English words unique to Canada English in Canada Old Canadian Expressions Historical sayings of Canada old sayings in Canada Canadian historical sayings expressions and proverbs of Canada origin of Avril Lavigne's surname words of Canada

..

Canadian termsCanadian languageFrench Canadian sayingsbooks on Canadian Englishbooks teaching Canadian EnglishEnglish in Canada ways of speechCanadian talk in English

.

unique words of Canadaunique Canadian phrasesunique sayings of Canada.word origins Canada unique expressions of Canada

funny sayings

Canadian expressions Canadian French expressionsCanadian French wordsCanadian French idioms explained in EnglishCanadian French sayings explained in EnglishCa.

nad